3: The Impact of Short-Selling Constraints on Financial Market Stability in a Heterogeneous Agents Model
Mikhail Anufriev, Economics Discipline Group, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Jan Tuinstra, CeNDEF, Amsterdam School of Economics, University of Amsterdam
Date of publication: February 2013
Working paper number: 3
Recent turmoil on global financial markets has led to a discussion on which policy measures should or could be taken to stabilize financial markets. One such a measure that resurfaced is the imposition of short-selling constraints. It is conjectured that these short-selling constraints reduce speculative trading and thereby have the potential to stabilize volatile financial markets. The purpose of the current paper is to investigate this conjecture in a standard asset pricing model with heterogeneous beliefs. We model short-selling constraints by imposing trading costs for selling an asset short. We find that the local stability properties of the fundamental rational expectations equilibrium do not change when trading costs for short-selling are introduced. However, when the asset is overvalued, costs on short-selling increase mispricing and price volatility.
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