I was a PhD Candidate and Postdoc Research Fellow in the School of Computer Science and Centre of Artificial Intelligence, UTS. Currently, I am a Lecturer in the Discipline of ICT, University of Tasmania, Australia and appointed as an Adjunct Fellow in the School of Computer Science, UTS.
For more information, please go to my personal website.
Can supervise: YES
- Fuzzy Sets and Systems
- Fuzzy Neural Networks
- Deep Reinforcement Learning
- Game Artificial Intelligence
- Computational Neuroscience
- Brain-Computer Interface
- EEG / fNIR / fMRI Signal Processing
- Healthcare / Clinical Applications
Li, Q, Zhong, J, Cao, Z & Li, X 2019, 'Optimizing streaming graph partitioning via a heuristic greedy method and caching strategy', Optimization Methods and Software.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Graph partitioning is an important method for accelerating large distributed graph computation. Streaming graph partitioning is more efficient than offline partitioning, and it has been developed continuously in the application of graph partitioning in recent years. In this work, we first introduce a heuristic greedy streaming partitioning method and show that it outperforms the state-of-the-art streaming partitioning methods, leading to exact balance and fewer cut edges. Second, we propose a cache structure for streaming partitioning, called an adjacent edge structure, which can improve the partition efficiency several times on a single commodity type computer without affecting the partition quality. Regardless as to whether the memory capacity is limited (local cache) or not (global cache), our strategy can also improve the partition quality by restreaming partitioning. Taking linear weight greedy streaming algorithm as an example, the experimental results on 19 real-world graphs show that the average partitioning time of the new method is 4.9 times faster than that of the original method, which proves the effectiveness and superiority of the cache structure mentioned in this paper.
Li, Q, Zhong, J, Li, Q, Wang, C & Cao, Z 2019, 'A community merger of optimization algorithm to extract overlapping communities in networks', IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 3994-4005.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2018 IEEE. A community in networks is a subset of vertices primarily connecting internal components, yet less connecting to the external vertices. The existing algorithms aim to extract communities of the topological features in networks. However, the edges of practical complex networks involving a weight that represents the tightness degree of connection and robustness, which leads a significant influence on the accuracy of community detection. In our study, we propose an overlapping community detection method based on the seed expansion strategy applying to both the unweighted and the weighted networks, called OCSE. First, it redefines the edge weight and the vertex weight depending on the influence of the network topology and the original edge weight, and then selects the seed vertices and updates the edges weight. Comparisons between OCSE approach and existing community detection methods on synthetic and real-world networks, the results of the experiment show that our proposed approach has the significantly better performance in terms of the accuracy.
Xia, LY, Wang, QY, Cao, Z & Liang, Y 2019, 'Descriptor Selection Improvements for Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships', International Journal of Neural Systems.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 World Scientific Publishing Company. Molecular descriptor selection is an essential procedure to improve a predictive quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model. However, within the QSAR model, there are a number of redundant, noisy and irrelevant descriptors. In this study, we propose a novel descriptor selection framework using self-paced learning (SPL) via sparse logistic regression (LR) with Logsum penalty (SPL-Logsum), which can simultaneously adaptively identify the simple and complex samples and avoid over-fitting. SPL is inspired by the learning process of humans or animals gradually learned from simple and complex samples to train models, and the Logsum penalized LR helps to select a small subset of significant molecular descriptors for improving the QSAR models. Experimental results on some simulations and three public QSAR datasets show that our proposed SPL-Logsum framework outperforms other existing sparse methods regarding the area under the curve, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and P-values.
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Network embedding aims at learning the low dimensional representation of nodes. These representations can be widely used for network mining tasks, such as link prediction, anomaly detection, and classification. Recently, a great deal of meaningful research work has been carried out on this emerging network analysis paradigm. The real-world network contains different size clusters because of the edges with different relationship types. These clusters also reflect some features of nodes, which can contribute to the optimization of the feature representation of nodes. However, existing network embedding methods do not distinguish these relationship types. In this paper, we propose an unsupervised network representation learning model that can encode edge relationship information. Firstly, an objective function is defined, which can learn the edge vectors by implicit clustering. Then, a biased random walk is designed to generate a series of node sequences, which are put into Skip-Gram to learn the low dimensional node representations. Extensive experiments are conducted on several network datasets. Compared with the state-of-art baselines, the proposed method is able to achieve favorable and stable results in multi-label classification and link prediction tasks.
Yang, Z, Xiong, G, Cao, Z, Li, Y & Huang, L 2019, 'A Decision Method for Online Purchases Considering Dynamic Information Preference Based on Sentiment Orientation Classification and Discrete DIFWA Operators', IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 77008-77026.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2013 IEEE. Online reviews are crucial for evaluating product features and supporting consumers' purchase decisions. However, as a result of online buying behaviors, consumer habits, and discrete dynamic distribution characteristics of online reviews, and consumers typically randomly choose a limited number of reviews from discrete time frames among all reviews and give more weight to recent review information and less weight to earlier information to support their online purchase decisions; moreover, existing studies have ignored the discrete random dynamic characteristics and dynamic information preferences of consumers. To address this issue, this paper proposes a method based on sentiment orientation classification and discrete DIFWA (DDIFWA) operators for online purchase decisions considering dynamic information preferences. In this method, we transformed review texts from original discrete time slices to discrete random features, extracted product features based on the constructed feature and sentiment dictionaries, and matched pairs of features and sentiment phrases in the dictionaries. We subsequently employed three types of semantic orientation by defining semantic rules to extract the product features of each review. Of note, the semantic orientations were transformed from discrete time to semantic intuitionistic fuzzy numbers and semantic intuitionistic fuzzy information matrixes. Furthermore, we proposed two DDIFWA operators to aggregate the dynamic semantic intuitionistic fuzzy information. Specifically, we obtained the rankings of alternative products and their features to support consumers' purchase decisions using the intuitionistic fuzzy scoring function and the 'vertical projection distance' method. Finally, comparisons and experiments are provided to demonstrate the plausibility of our methods.
© 2013 IEEE. Measuring the distance between two intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFSs) is an open issue. Many types of distances for the IFSs have been proposed in previous studies. Some existing methods cannot satisfy the axioms of similarity or provide counterintuitive cases. Others ignore the relationship between three parameters characterizing the information carried by the IFS. To address these issues, a new distance is proposed by analyzing the similarity among the three parameters of the IFS. The comparison with some existing distances illustrates that the new distance has a higher sensitivity and can effectively measure the similarity between the IFSs. The results of the application of pattern recognition are also shown that the proposed method has better recognition ability.
Cao, Z, Chuang, CH, King, JK & Lin, CT 2019, 'Multi-channel EEG recordings during a sustained-attention driving task', Scientific data, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 19.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
We describe driver behaviour and brain dynamics acquired from a 90-minute sustained-attention task in an immersive driving simulator. The data included 62 sessions of 32-channel electroencephalography (EEG) data for 27 subjects driving on a four-lane highway who were instructed to keep the car cruising in the centre of the lane. Lane-departure events were randomly induced to cause the car to drift from the original cruising lane towards the left or right lane. A complete trial included events with deviation onset, response onset, and response offset. The next trial, in which the subject was instructed to drive back to the original cruising lane, began 5-10 seconds after finishing the previous trial. We believe that this dataset will lead to the development of novel neural processing methodology that can be used to index brain cortical dynamics and detect driving fatigue and drowsiness. This publicly available dataset will be beneficial to the neuroscience and brain-computer interface communities.
Cao, Z, Lin, CT, Ding, W, Chen, MH, Li, CT & Su, TP 2019, 'Identifying Ketamine Responses in Treatment-Resistant Depression Using a Wearable Forehead EEG', IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
IEEE This study explores the responses to ketamine in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) using a wearable forehead electroencephalography (EEG) device. We recruited 55 outpatients with TRD who were randomized into three approximately equal- sized groups (A: 0.5 mg/kg ketamine; B: 0.2 mg/kg ketamine; and C: normal saline) under double-blind conditions. The ketamine responses were measured by EEG signals and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) scores. At baseline, responders showed a significantly weaker EEG theta power than did non- responders (p < 0.05). Responders exhibited a higher EEG alpha power but lower EEG alpha asymmetry and theta cordance at post-treatment than at baseline (p < 0.05). Furthermore, our baseline EEG predictor classified responders and non-responders with 81.3 $\pm$ 9.5% accuracy, 82.1 $\pm$ 8.6% sensitivity and 91.9 $\pm$ 7.4% specificity. In conclusion, the rapid antidepressant effects of mixed doses of ketamine are associated with prefrontal EEG power, asymmetry and cordance at baseline and early post-treatment changes. The prefrontal EEG patterns at baseline may account for recognizing ketamine effects in advance. Our randomized, double- blind, placebo-controlled study provides information regarding clinical impacts on the potential targets underlying baseline identification and early changes from the effects of ketamine in patients with TRD.
Chen, S, Wang, Y, Lin, CT, Ding, W & Cao, Z 2019, 'Semi-supervised feature learning for improving writer identification', Information Sciences, vol. 482, pp. 156-170.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Data augmentation is typically used by supervised feature learning approaches for offline writer identification, but such approaches require a mass of additional training data and potentially lead to overfitting errors. In this study, a semi-supervised feature learning pipeline is proposed to improve the performance of writer identification by training with extra unlabeled data and the original labeled data simultaneously. Specifically, we propose a weighted label smoothing regularization (WLSR) method for data augmentation, which assigns a weighted uniform label distribution to the extra unlabeled data. The WLSR method regularizes the convolutional neural network (CNN) baseline to allow more discriminative features to be learned to represent the properties of different writing styles. The experimental results on well-known benchmark datasets (ICDAR2013 and CVL) showed that our proposed semi-supervised feature learning approach significantly improves the baseline measurement and perform competitively with existing writer identification approaches. Our findings provide new insights into offline writer identification.
Ding, W, Lin, C-T & Cao, Z 2019, 'Deep Neuro-Cognitive Co-Evolution for Fuzzy Attribute Reduction by Quantum Leaping PSO With Nearest-Neighbor Memeplexes.', IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Attribute reduction with many patterns and indicators has been regarded as an important approach for large-scale data mining and machine learning tasks. However, it is extremely difficult for researchers to inadequately extract knowledge and insights from multiple overlapping and interdependent fuzzy datasets from the current changing and interconnected big data sources. This paper proposes a deep neuro-cognitive co-evolution for fuzzy attribute reduction (DNCFAR) that contains a combination of quantum leaping particle swarm optimization with nearest-neighbor memeplexes. A key element of DNCFAR resides in its deep neuro-cognitive cooperative co-evolution structure, which is explicitly permitted to identify interdependent variables and adaptively decompose them in the same neuro-subpopulation, with minimizing the complexity and nonseparability of interdependent variables among different fuzzy attribute subsets. Next DNCFAR formalizes to the different types of quantum leaping particles with nearest-neighbor memeplexes to share their respective solutions and deeply cooperate to evolve the assigned fuzzy attribute subsets. The experimental results demonstrate that DNCFAR can achieve competitive performance in terms of average computational efficiency and classification accuracy while reinforcing noise tolerance. Furthermore, it can be well applied to clearly identify different longitudinal surfaces of infant cerebrum regions, which indicates its great potential for brain disorder prediction based on fMRI.
Ding, W, Lin, C-T & Cao, Z 2019, 'Shared Nearest-Neighbor Quantum Game-Based Attribute Reduction With Hierarchical Coevolutionary Spark and Its Application in Consistent Segmentation of Neonatal Cerebral Cortical Surfaces.', IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
The unprecedented increase in data volume has become a severe challenge for conventional patterns of data mining and learning systems tasked with handling big data. The recently introduced Spark platform is a new processing method for big data analysis and related learning systems, which has attracted increasing attention from both the scientific community and industry. In this paper, we propose a shared nearest-neighbor quantum game-based attribute reduction (SNNQGAR) algorithm that incorporates the hierarchical coevolutionary Spark model. We first present a shared coevolutionary nearest-neighbor hierarchy with self-evolving compensation that considers the features of nearest-neighborhood attribute subsets and calculates the similarity between attribute subsets according to the shared neighbor information of attribute sample points. We then present a novel attribute weight tensor model to generate ranking vectors of attributes and apply them to balance the relative contributions of different neighborhood attribute subsets. To optimize the model, we propose an embedded quantum equilibrium game paradigm (QEGP) to ensure that noisy attributes do not degrade the big data reduction results. A combination of the hierarchical coevolutionary Spark model and an improved MapReduce framework is then constructed that it can better parallelize the SNNQGAR to efficiently determine the preferred reduction solutions of the distributed attribute subsets. The experimental comparisons demonstrate the superior performance of the SNNQGAR, which outperforms most of the state-of-the-art attribute reduction algorithms. Moreover, the results indicate that the SNNQGAR can be successfully applied to segment overlapping and interdependent fuzzy cerebral tissues, and it exhibits a stable and consistent segmentation performance for neonatal cerebral cortical surfaces.
Han, Y, Deng, Y, Cao, Z & Lin, CT 2019, 'An interval-valued Pythagorean prioritized operator-based game theoretical framework with its applications in multicriteria group decision making', Neural Computing and Applications.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2019, Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature. Multicriteria decision-making process explicitly evaluates multiple conflicting criteria in decision making. The conventional decision-making approaches assumed that each agent is independent, but the reality is that each agent aims to maximize personal benefit which causes a negative influence on other agents' behaviors in a real-world competitive environment. In our study, we proposed an interval-valued Pythagorean prioritized operator-based game theoretical framework to mitigate the cross-influence problem. The proposed framework considers both prioritized levels among various criteria and decision makers within five stages. Notably, the interval-valued Pythagorean fuzzy sets are supposed to express the uncertainty of experts, and the game theories are applied to optimize the combination of strategies in interactive situations. Additionally, we also provided illustrative examples to address the application of our proposed framework. In summary, we provided a human-inspired framework to represent the behavior of group decision making in the interactive environment, which is potential to simulate the process of realistic humans thinking.
Cao, Z, Ding, W, Wang, YK, Hussain, FK, Al-Jumaily, A & Lin, CT 2019, 'Effects of repetitive SSVEPs on EEG complexity using multiscale inherent fuzzy entropy', Neurocomputing.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Multiscale inherent fuzzy entropy is an objective measurement of electroencephalography (EEG) complexity, reflecting the habituation of brain systems. Entropy dynamics are generally believed to reflect the ability of the brain to adapt to a visual stimulus environment. In this study, we explored repetitive steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based EEG complexity by assessing multiscale inherent fuzzy entropy with relative measurements. We used a wearable EEG device with Oz and Fpz electrodes to collect EEG signals from 40 participants under the following three conditions: a resting state (closed-eyes (CE) and open-eyes (OE) stimulation with five 15-Hz CE SSVEPs and stimulation with five 20-Hz OE SSVEPs. We noted monotonic enhancement of occipital EEG relative complexity with increasing stimulus times in CE and OE conditions. The occipital EEG relative complexity was significantly higher for the fifth SSVEP than for the first SSEVP (FDR-adjusted p < 0.05). Similarly, the prefrontal EEG relative complexity tended to be significantly higher in the OE condition compared to that in the CE condition (FDR-adjusted p < 0.05). The results also indicate that multiscale inherent fuzzy entropy is superior to other competing multiscale-based entropy methods. In conclusion, EEG relative complexity increases with stimulus times, a finding that reflects the strong habituation of brain systems. These results suggest that multiscale inherent fuzzy entropy is an EEG pattern with which brain complexity can be assessed using repetitive SSVEP stimuli.
He, T, Cai, L, Meng, T, Chen, L, Deng, Z & Cao, Z 2018, 'Parallel Community Detection Based on Distance Dynamics for Large-Scale Network', IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 42775-42789.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2013 IEEE. Data mining task is a challenge on finding a high-quality community structure from large-scale networks. The distance dynamics model was proved to be active on regular-size network community, but it is difficult to discover the community structure effectively from the large-scale network (0.1-1 billion edges), due to the limit of machine hardware and high time complexity. In this paper, we proposed a parallel community detection algorithm based on the distance dynamics model called P-Attractor, which is capable of handling the detection problem of large networks community. Our algorithm first developed a graph partitioning method to divide large network into lots of sub-networks, yet maintaining the complete neighbor structure of the original network. Then, the traditional distance dynamics model was improved by the dynamic interaction process to simulate the distance evolution of each sub-network. Finally, we discovered the real community structure by removing all external edges after evolution process. In our extensive experiments on multiple synthetic networks and real-world networks, the results showed the effectiveness and efficiency of P-Attractor, and the execution time on 4 threads and 32 threads are around 10 and 2 h, respectively. Our proposed algorithm is potential to discover community from a billion-scale network, such as Uk-2007.
OAPA Fusing multiple existing models for filtering webpages can mitigate the shortcomings of individual filtering models. To provide an engine for such fusion, we propose a multimodel fusion engine for filtering webpages (MMFEFWP) for the extraction of target webpages. This engine can handle large datasets of webpages crawled from websites and supports five individual filtering models and the fusion of any two of them. There are two possible fusion methods: one is to simultaneously satisfy the conditions of both individual models, and the other is to satisfy the conditions of one of the two individual models. We present the functions, architecture, and software design of the proposed engine. We use recall ratio (RR) and precision ratio (PR) as the evaluation indices of the filtering models and propose rules describing how PR and RR change when individual models are fused. We use 200,000 webpages collected by crawling the popular online shopping website "www.jd.com" as the experimental dataset to verify these rules. The experimental results show that two-model fusion can improve either PR or RR. Thus, the proposed engine has good practical value for engineering applications.
Meng, T, Cai, L, He, T, Chen, L, Deng, Z, Ding, W & Cao, Z 2018, 'A Modified Distance Dynamics Model for Improvement of Community Detection', IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 63934-63947.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2018 IEEE. Community detection is a key technique for identifying the intrinsic community structures of complex networks. The distance dynamics model has been proven effective in finding communities with arbitrary size and shape and identifying outliers. However, to simulate distance dynamics, the model requires manual parameter specification and is sensitive to the cohesion threshold parameter, which is difficult to determine. Furthermore, it has difficulty handling rough outliers and ignores hubs (nodes that bridge communities). In this paper, we propose a robust distance dynamics model, namely, Attractor++, which uses a dynamic membership degree. In Attractor++, the dynamic membership degree is used to determine the influence of exclusive neighbors on the distance instead of setting the cohesion threshold. In addition, considering its inefficiency and low accuracy in handling outliers and identifying hubs, we design an outlier optimization model that is based on triangle adjacency. By using optimization rules, a postprocessing method further judges whether a singleton node should be merged into the same community as its triangles or regarded as a hub or an outlier. Extensive experiments on both real-world and synthetic networks demonstrate that our algorithm more accurately identifies nodes that have special roles (hubs and outliers) and more effectively identifies community structures.
Cao, Z & Lin, CT 2018, 'Inherent Fuzzy Entropy for the Improvement of EEG Complexity Evaluation', IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 1032-1035.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 IEEE. In recent years, the concept of entropy has been widely used to measure the dynamic complexity of signals. Since the state of complexity of human beings is significantly affected by their health state, developing accurate complexity evaluation algorithms is a crucial and urgent area of study. This paper proposes using inherent fuzzy entropy (Inherent FuzzyEn) and its multiscale version, which employs empirical mode decomposition and fuzzy membership function (exponential function) to address the dynamic complexity in electroencephalogram (EEG) data. In the literature, the reliability of entropy-based complexity evaluations has been limited by superimposed trends in signals and a lack of multiple time scales. Our proposed method represents the first attempt to use the Inherent FuzzyEn algorithm to increase the reliability of complexity evaluation in realistic EEG applications. We recorded the EEG signals of several subjects under resting condition, and the EEG complexity was evaluated using approximate entropy, sample entropy, FuzzyEn, and Inherent FuzzyEn, respectively. The results indicate that Inherent FuzzyEn is superior to other competing models regardless of the use of fuzzy or nonfuzzy structures, and has the most stable complexity and smallest root mean square deviation.
Cao, Z, Lai, K-L, Lin, C-T, Chuang, C-H, Chou, C-C & Wang, S-J 2018, 'Exploring resting-state EEG complexity before migraine attacks.', Cephalalgia: an international journal of headache, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 1296-1306.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Objective Entropy-based approaches to understanding the temporal dynamics of complexity have revealed novel insights into various brain activities. Herein, electroencephalogram complexity before migraine attacks was examined using an inherent fuzzy entropy approach, allowing the development of an electroencephalogram-based classification model to recognize the difference between interictal and preictal phases. Methods Forty patients with migraine without aura and 40 age-matched normal control subjects were recruited, and the resting-state electroencephalogram signals of their prefrontal and occipital areas were prospectively collected. The migraine phases were defined based on the headache diary, and the preictal phase was defined as within 72 hours before a migraine attack. Results The electroencephalogram complexity of patients in the preictal phase, which resembled that of normal control subjects, was significantly higher than that of patients in the interictal phase in the prefrontal area (FDR-adjusted p < 0.05) but not in the occipital area. The measurement of test-retest reliability (n = 8) using the intra-class correlation coefficient was good with r1 = 0.73 ( p = 0.01). Furthermore, the classification model, support vector machine, showed the highest accuracy (76 ± 4%) for classifying interictal and preictal phases using the prefrontal electroencephalogram complexity. Conclusion Entropy-based analytical methods identified enhancement or "normalization" of frontal electroencephalogram complexity during the preictal phase compared with the interictal phase. This classification model, using this complexity feature, may have the potential to provide a preictal alert to migraine without aura patients.
Ding, W, Lin, CT, Prasad, M, Cao, Z & Wang, JD 2018, 'A Layered-Coevolution-Based Attribute-Boosted Reduction Using Adaptive Quantum Behavior PSO and Its Consistent Segmentation for Neonates Brain Tissue', IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, vol. 26, no. 3.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
IEEE The main challenge of attribute reduction in large data applications is to develop a new algorithm to deal with large, noisy, and uncertain large data linking multiple relevant data sources, structured or unstructured. This paper proposes a new and efficient layered-coevolution-based attribute-boosted reduction algorithm (LCQ-ABR*) using adaptive quantum behavior particle swarm optimization (PSO). First, the quantum rotation angle of an evolutionary particle is updated by a dynamic change of self-adapting step size. Second, a self-adaptive partitioning strategy is employed to group particles into different memeplexes, and the quantum-behavior mechanism with the particles & #x0027; states depicted by the wave function cooperates to achieve superior performance in their respective memeplexes. Third, a new layered co-evolutionary model with multi-agent interaction is constructed to decompose a complex attribute set, and it can self-adapt the attribute sizes among different layers and produce the reasonable decompositions by exploiting any interdependency among multiple relevant attribute subsets. Fourth, the decomposed attribute subsets are evolved to compute the positive region and discernibility matrix by using their best quantum particles, and the global optimal reduction set is induced successfully. Finally, extensive comparative experiments are provided to illustrate that LCQ-ABR* has better feasibility and effectiveness of attribute reduction on large-scale and uncertain dataset problems with complex noise, compared with representative algorithms. Moreover, LCQ-ABR* can be successfully applied in the consistent segmentation for neonatal brain 3D-MRI, and the consistent segmentation results further demonstrate its stronger applicability.
Chuang, C-H, Cao, Z, King, J-T, Wu, B-S, Wang, Y-K & Lin, C-T 2018, 'Brain Electrodynamic and Hemodynamic Signatures Against Fatigue During Driving.', Frontiers in Neuroscience, vol. 12, pp. 1-12.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Fatigue is likely to be gradually cumulated in a prolonged and attention-demanding task that may adversely affect task performance. To address the brain dynamics during a driving task, this study recruited 16 subjects to participate in an event-related lane-departure driving experiment. Each subject was instructed to maintain attention and task performance throughout an hour-long driving experiment. The subjects' brain electrodynamics and hemodynamics were simultaneously recorded via 32-channel electroencephalography (EEG) and 8-source/16-detector functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). The behavior performance demonstrated that all subjects were able to promptly respond to lane-deviation events, even if the sign of fatigue arose in the brain, which suggests that the subjects were fighting fatigue during the driving experiment. The EEG event-related analysis showed strengthening alpha suppression in the occipital cortex, a common brain region of fatigue. Furthermore, we noted increasing oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO) of the brain to fight driving fatigue in the frontal cortex, primary motor cortex, parieto-occipital cortex and supplementary motor area. In conclusion, the increasing neural activity and cortical activations were aimed at maintaining driving performance when fatigue emerged. The electrodynamic and hemodynamic signatures of fatigue fighting contribute to our understanding of the brain dynamics of driving fatigue and address driving safety issues through the maintenance of attention and behavioral performance.
Lin, CT, Chuang, CH, Cao, Z, Singh, AK, Hung, CS, Yu, YH, Nascimben, M, Liu, YT, King, JT, Su, TP & Wang, SJ 2017, 'Forehead EEG in Support of Future Feasible Personal Healthcare Solutions: Sleep Management, Headache Prevention, and Depression Treatment', IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 10612-10621.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2013 IEEE. There are current limitations in the recording technologies for measuring EEG activity in clinical and experimental applications. Acquisition systems involving wet electrodes are time-consuming and uncomfortable for the user. Furthermore, dehydration of the gel affects the quality of the acquired data and reliability of long-term monitoring. As a result, dry electrodes may be used to facilitate the transition from neuroscience research or clinical practice to real-life applications. EEG signals can be easily obtained using dry electrodes on the forehead, which provides extensive information concerning various cognitive dysfunctions and disorders. This paper presents the usefulness of the forehead EEG with advanced sensing technology and signal processing algorithms to support people with healthcare needs, such as monitoring sleep, predicting headaches, and treating depression. The proposed system for evaluating sleep quality is capable of identifying five sleep stages to track nightly sleep patterns. Additionally, people with episodic migraines can be notified of an imminent migraine headache hours in advance through monitoring forehead EEG dynamics. The depression treatment screening system can predict the efficacy of rapid antidepressant agents. It is evident that frontal EEG activity is critically involved in sleep management, headache prevention, and depression treatment. The use of dry electrodes on the forehead allows for easy and rapid monitoring on an everyday basis. The advances in EEG recording and analysis ensure a promising future in support of personal healthcare solutions.
Lin, C, Liu, Y-T, Wu, S-L, Cao, Z, Wang, Y, Huang, C-S, King, J-T, Chen, S-A, Lu, S-W & Chuang, C 2017, 'EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interfaces: A Novel Neurotechnology and Computational Intelligence Method', IEEE Systems Man and Cybernetics Magazine, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 16-26.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This article presents the latest BCI-related research done in our group. Our previous work applied computational intelligence technology in BCIs to inspire detailed investigations of practical issues in real-life applications. Novel EEG devices featuring dry electrodes facilitate and speed up electrode positioning before recording and allow subjects to move freely in operational environments. We also demonstrate the feasibility of applying CCA, RBFNs, effective connectivity measurements, and D-S theory to help BCIs extract informative knowledge from brain signals. Two recent trends in research in the computational and artificial intelligence community, big data and deep learning, are expected to impact the direction and development of BCIs.
Li, Q, Zhong, J, Li, Q, Cao, Z & Wang, C 2019, 'Enhancing network embedding with implicit clustering', Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), pp. 452-467.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019. Network embedding aims at learning the low dimensional representation of nodes. These representations can be widely used for network mining tasks, such as link prediction, anomaly detection, and classification. Recently, a great deal of meaningful research work has been carried out on this emerging network analysis paradigm. The real-world network contains different size clusters because of the edges with different relationship types. These clusters also reflect some features of nodes, which can contribute to the optimization of the feature representation of nodes. However, existing network embedding methods do not distinguish these relationship types. In this paper, we propose an unsupervised network representation learning model that can encode edge relationship information. Firstly, an objective function is defined, which can learn the edge vectors by implicit clustering. Then, a biased random walk is designed to generate a series of node sequences, which are put into Skip-Gram to learn the low dimensional node representations. Extensive experiments are conducted on several network datasets. Compared with the state-of-art baselines, the proposed method is able to achieve favorable and stable results in multi-label classification and link prediction tasks.
Cao, Z, Prasad, M & Lin, CT 2017, 'Estimation of SSVEP-based EEG complexity using inherent fuzzy entropy', IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, IEEE, Naples, Italy.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 IEEE. This study considers the dynamic changes of complexity feature by fuzzy entropy measurement and repetitive steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) stimulus. Since brain complexity reflects the ability of the brain to adapt to changing situations, we suppose such adaptation is closely related to the habituation, a form of learning in which an organism decreases or increases to respond to a stimulus after repeated presentations. By a wearable electroencephalograph (EEG) with Fpz and Oz electrodes, EEG signals were collected from 20 healthy participants in one resting and five-times 15 Hz SSVEP sessions. Moreover, EEG complexity feature was extracted by multi-scale Inherent Fuzzy Entropy (IFE) algorithm, and relative complexity (RC) was defined the difference between resting and SSVEP. Our results showed the enhanced frontal and occipital RC was accompanied with increased stimulus times. Compared with the 1st SSVEP session, the RC was significantly higher than the 5th SSVEP session at frontal and occipital areas (p < 0.05). It suggested that brain has adapted to changes in stimulus influence, and possibly connected with the habituation. In conclusion, effective evaluation of IFE has a potential EEG signature of complexity in the SSEVP-based experiment.
Cao, ZH, Ko, LW, Lai, KL, Huang, SB, Wang, SJ & Lin, CT 2015, 'Classification of migraine stages based on resting-state EEG power', Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IEEE, Killarney, Ireland.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2015 IEEE. Migraine is a chronic neurological disease characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches during a period like one month often in association with symptoms in human brain and autonomic nervous system. Normally, migraine symptoms can be categorized into four different stages: inter-ictal, pre-ictal, ictal, and post-ictal stages. Since migraine patients are difficulty knowing when they will suffer migraine attacks, therefore, early detection becomes an important issue, especially for low-frequency migraine patients who have less than 5 times attacks per month. The main goal of this study is to develop a migraine-stage classification system based on migraineurs' resting-state EEG power. We collect migraineurs' O1 and O2 EEG activities during closing eyes from occipital lobe to identify pre-ictal and non-pre-ictal stages. Self-Constructing Neural Fuzzy Inference Network (SONFIN) is adopted as the classifier in the migraine stages classification which can reach the better classification accuracy (66%) in comparison with other classifiers. The proposed system is helpful for migraineurs to obtain better treatment at the right time.