Dr William Robbins is an Australian researcher who has investigated the biology and ecology of tropical and temperate sharks for over 18 years. His research has changed State legislation and Government shark policy on multiple occasions, and his work promotes greater awareness of shark issues and solutions, and enhanced conservation of threatened shark species. Will has regularly presented his research to a variety of audiences, twice winning presentation awards at international conferences. He is lead presenter of multiple documentaries, including the 2014 Emmy-award winning Sharks of the Coral Canyon, and Sharkweek 2017’s Shark Exile. Will is also the Founder and Principle Research Scientist at Wildlife Marine, an independent scientific entity specializing in reducing shark–human interactions and providing expert advice to Australian and international governments and NGOs. In addition to his shark research, Will also researches multiple environmental issues of interest, and supervises students in ecological and monitoring projects.
Publications (last five years)
Taylor BM, Brandl SJ, Kapur M, Robbins WD, Johnson G, Huveneers C, Renaud P, Choat JH. Online. Bottom-up processes mediated by social systems drive demographic traits of coral-reef fishes. Ecology
- Nazimi L, Robbins WD, Schilds A and Huveneers C. 2018. Comparison of industry-based data to monitor white shark cage-dive tourism. Tourism Management 66: 263-273
- Gray CA, Barnes LM, Robbins WD, Van der Meulen DE, Ochwada-Doyle FA and Kendall BW. 2017. Length-and age-based demographics of exploited populations of stout whiting, Sillago robusta. Stead, 1908. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 33: 1073-1082
- Castro-Sanguino C, Bozec Y-M, Dempsey A, Samaniego B, Lubarsky K, Andrews S, Komyakova V, Ortiz JC, Robbins WD, Renaud PG and Mumby PJ. 2017. Detecting conservation benefits of marine reserves on remote reefs of the northern GBR. PLoS One 12(11): e0186146
- Momigliano P, Harcourt R, Robbins WD, Jaiteh VF, Mahardika GN, Sembiring A and Stow A. 2017. Genetic connectivity and signatures of selection in grey reef sharks (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos). Heredity 119: 142-153
- Robbins WD, Huveneers C, Parra GJ, Moller LM and Gillanders BM. 2017. Anthropogenic threat assessment of marine-associated fauna in Spencer Gulf, South Australia. Marine Policy 81: 392-400
- Robbins WD and Renaud P. 2016. Foraging mode of the grey reef shark, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos under two different scenarios. Coral Reefs 35(1): 253-260
- Robbins R, Enarson M, Bradford R, Robbins WD and Fox A. 2015. Residency and local connectivity of white sharks at Liguanea Island: A second aggregation site in South Australia? The Open Fish Sci Journal 8: 23-29
- Brandl, SJ, Robbins WD and Bellwood, DR. 2015. Testing the nature of ecological specialization in a coral reef fish community: Morphology, diet, and foraging microhabitat use. Proc Roy Soc B 282: 20151147
- Momigliano P, Harcourt R, Robbins WD and Stow A. 2015. Connectivity in grey reef sharks (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) determined using empirical and simulated genetic data. Scientific Reports 5: 13229
- Gray CA, Barnes LM, Ochwada-Doyle FA, Van der Meulen DE, Kendall BW, and Robbins WD. 2014. Age, growth and demographic characteristics of Sillago flindersi exploited in a multi-species trawl fishery. Fish Sci 80: 915-924
- Robbins WD, Peddemors VM, Kennelly SK and Ives, MC. 2014. An experimental evaluation of shark detection rates by aerial observers. PLoS One 9(2): e83456
- Huveneers C and Robbins WD. 2014. Species at the intersection. In: Techera EJ, Klein N (eds) Sharks: Conservation, governance and management. Routledge, Oxon. pp 236-260
- Gray CA, Barnes LM, Van der Meulen DE, Kendall BW, Ochwada-Doyle FA and Robbins WD. 2014. Depth interactions and reproductive ecology of sympatric Sillaginidae: Sillago robusta and S. flindersii. Aquat Biol 21(2): 127-142
- Momigliano P, Robbins WD, Gardner M and Stow A. 2014. Characterisation of 15 novel microsatellite loci for the grey reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos). Conserv Genetic Res 6(3): 661-663
- Robbins WD, Peddemors VM, Broadhurst M and Gray CA. 2013. Hooked on fishing? Recreational angling interactions with the Critically Endangered grey nurse shark, Carcharias taurus in eastern Australia. Endang Species Res 21: 161-170
- Wheeler S, Robbins WD and McIlwain J. 2013. Reef sharks clean up with a novel inshore mutualistic interaction. Coral Reefs 32(4): 1089
- Stewart J, Robbins WD, Rowling K, Hegarty A and Gould A. 2013. A multifaceted approach to modelling growth of the Australian bonito, Sarda australis (Family Scombridae), with some observations on its reproductive biology. Mar FW Res 64: 671-678
- Whitney NM, Robbins WD, Schultz JK, Bowen BW and Holland KN. 2012. Oceanic dispersal in a sedentary reef shark (Triaenodon obesus): Genetic evidence for extensive connectivity without a pelagic larval stage. J Biogeog 39(6): 1144-1156
- Reducing human-shark interactions (from both human safety and minimizing unwanted bycatch viewpoints)
- Ecology and management of sharks and fishes
- Environmental risk assessment
- Growth and demography of fishes and sharks
- Reducing human environmental impacts
- Censusing, tagging and tracking marine and terrestrial vertebrates
Bonnin, L, Robbins, WD, Boussarie, G, Kiszka, JJ, Dagorn, L, Mouillot, D & Vigliola, L 2019, 'Repeated long-range migrations of adult males in a common Indo-Pacific reef shark', Coral Reefs, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1121-1132.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. The grey reef shark, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, is one of the most abundant coral reef sharks throughout the Indo-Pacific. However, this species has been critically impacted across its range, with well-documented population declines of > 90% attributed to human activities. A key knowledge gap in the successful implementation of grey reef shark conservation plans is the understanding of large-scale movement patterns, along with the associated biological and ecological drivers. To address this shortfall, we acoustically monitored 147 adult and juvenile grey reef sharks of all sexes for more than 2 yr across the New Caledonian archipelago, West Pacific. Here, we document multiple adult males undertaking return journeys of up to nearly 700 km in consecutive years. This constitutes the first evidence of repeated long-range migrations for this species. Although only a limited number of adult males were definitively tracked undertaking migrations, similar timing in changes in the detection patterns of a further 13 animals, mostly adult males, suggests this behavior may be more common than previously thought. The paucity of evidence for juvenile migrations and timing of adult movements suggest that mating is the motivation behind these migrations. Our results have important implications for management, given the potential of mature individuals to recurrently travel outside managed or protected areas. Future management of this species clearly needs to consider the importance of large-scale migratory behaviors when developing management plans.
Elise, S, Bailly, A, Urbina-Barreto, I, Mou-Tham, G, Chiroleu, F, Vigliola, L, Robbins, WD & Bruggemann, JH 2019, 'An optimised passive acoustic sampling scheme to discriminate among coral reefs' ecological states', Ecological Indicators, vol. 107.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors In the present era of rapid global change, innovative monitoring methods can greatly enhance our ability to detect ecological disturbances and prioritise conservation areas in a timely and cost-effective manner. While Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) has recently emerged as a promising tool for monitoring ecological states in marine environments, the specifics of how to apply this method remains poorly defined. In this study we examined how different combinations of sampling settings (frequency bandwidth, time of sampling (day/night), and sample duration) influenced the ability of two acoustic indices, the Sound Pressure Level (SPL) and the Acoustic Complexity Index (ACI), to discriminate different ecological states (ecostates) of coral reefs. We applied an iterative approach to select the most efficient and consistent combinations of sampling settings to use for these two acoustic indices, depending on the stability of their discriminating power across different time scales (successive days, moon phases, and seasons), and the minimum sampling effort required for reliable ecostate assessment. The ability of SPL and ACI to discriminate ecostate-specific soundscapes was more stable and required less sampling effort at nighttime. For indices calculated in the higher frequency band (>2 kHz), very short recording times (≤20 min divided into 5 s samples) were sufficient to discriminate ecostates, whereas longer recording times (≥200 min divided into 5 min samples) were necessary when using indices calculated in the lower frequency bands (<1 kHz). An optimised sampling scheme, i.e. the group of the five best combinations of settings to discern among coral reef ecostates, was determined at Reunion Island, Indian Ocean, then tested at New Caledonia, Pacific Ocean. Here, the classifications obtained through visual surveys and with the optimised acoustic sampling scheme were congruent. The concordance of our results with visual fish counts confirms the p...
Johnson, GB, Taylor, BM, Robbins, WD, Franklin, EC, Toonen, R, Bowen, B & Choat, JH 2019, 'Diversity and structure of parrotfish assemblages across the Northern Great Barrier Reef', Diversity, vol. 11, no. 1.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. The structure and dynamics of coral reef environments vary across a range of spatial scales, with patterns of associated faunal assemblages often reflecting this variability. However, delineating drivers of biological variability in such complex environments has proved challenging. Here, we investigated the assemblage structure and diversity of parrotfishes-a common and ecologically important group-across 6° of latitude on the Northern Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Australia. Parrotfish abundance and biomass were determined from stereo-video surveys across 82 sites spanning 31 reefs and assessed against geographic, biophysical, and management-related factors in a multivariate framework to determine major drivers and associated scales of assemblage structure. Large cross-shelf variation in parrotfish assemblages pervaded along the entire Northern GBR, with distinct assemblages associated with sheltered and exposed reefs. Species abundances and diversity generally decreased with decreasing latitude. The gradient of explicit predator biomass associated with management zoning had no effect on parrotfish assemblage structure, but was positively correlated with parrotfish diversity. Our results highlight the ubiquitous presence of cross-shelf variation, where the greatest differences in parrotfish community composition existed between sheltered (inner and mid shelf) and exposed (outer shelf) reef systems. Prior attempts to explain linkages between parrotfishes and fine-scale biophysical factors have demonstrated parrotfishes as habitat generalists, but recent developments in nutritional ecology suggest that their cross-shelf variation on the GBR is likely reflective of benthic resource distribution and species-specific feeding modes.
Boussarie, G, Bakker, J, Wangensteen, OS, Mariani, S, Bonnin, L, Juhel, J-B, Kiszka, JJ, Kulbicki, M, Manel, S, Robbins, WD, Vigliola, L & Mouillot, D 2018, 'Environmental DNA illuminates the dark diversity of sharks.', Science advances, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. eaap9661-eaap9661.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In the era of "Anthropocene defaunation," large species are often no longer detected in habitats where they formerly occurred. However, it is unclear whether this apparent missing, or "dark," diversity of megafauna results from local species extirpations or from failure to detect elusive remaining individuals. We find that despite two orders of magnitude less sampling effort, environmental DNA (eDNA) detects 44% more shark species than traditional underwater visual censuses and baited videos across the New Caledonian archipelago (south-western Pacific). Furthermore, eDNA analysis reveals the presence of previously unobserved shark species in human-impacted areas. Overall, our results highlight a greater prevalence of sharks than described by traditional survey methods in both impacted and wilderness areas. This indicates an urgent need for large-scale eDNA assessments to improve monitoring of threatened and elusive megafauna. Finally, our findings emphasize the need for conservation efforts specifically geared toward the protection of elusive, residual populations.
Nazimi, L, Robbins, WD, Schilds, A & Huveneers, C 2018, 'Comparison of industry-based data to monitor white shark cage-dive tourism', Tourism Management, vol. 66, pp. 263-273.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Although wildlife tourism is becoming increasingly popular worldwide, the industry has a potential to affect the fauna it targets. A variety of methods are used to monitor the activities and impacts of wildlife tourism. In South Australia, mandatory logbook reporting and the ability to photograph and identify individual sharks provides two industry-based data sources to monitor how cage-diving tourism may impact white sharks. Findings show that both methods can assess shark populations, and detect seasonal sex-biased changes in white shark abundance. Photo-ID significantly underestimates effort days and number of sharks sighted, and is considerably more labour-intensive, but allows accurate identification of individual sharks, facilitating additional analysis. The continued use of logbook reporting is the optimum long-term monitoring method, although we recommend the maintenance of a photographic database for periodic extraction of individual information. Combining these methods will facilitate an ongoing adaptive management framework, aiding the long-term sustainability of the industry.
Taylor, BM, Brandl, SJ, Kapur, M, Robbins, WD, Johnson, G, Huveneers, C, Renaud, P & Choat, JH 2018, 'Bottom-up processes mediated by social systems drive demographic traits of coral-reef fishes', Ecology, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 642-651.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 by the Ecological Society of America Ectotherms exhibit considerable plasticity in their life-history traits. This plasticity can reflect variability in environmental and social factors, but the causes of observed patterns are often obscured with increasing spatial scales. We surveyed dichromatic parrotfishes across the northern Great Barrier Reef to examine variation in body size distributions and concomitant size at sex change (L∆50) against hypotheses of directional influence from biotic and abiotic factors known to affect demography. By integrating top-down, horizontal, and bottom-up processes, we demonstrate a strong association between exposure regimes (which are known to influence nutritional ecology and mating systems) and both body size distribution and L∆50 (median length at female-to-male sex change), with an accompanying lack of strong empirical support for other biotic drivers previously hypothesized to affect body size distributions. Across sites, body size was predictably linked to variation in temperature and productivity, but the strongest predictor was whether subpopulations occurred at sheltered mid and inner shelf reefs or at wave-exposed outer shelf reef systems. Upon accounting for the underlying influence of body size distribution, this habitat-exposure gradient was highly associated with further L∆50 variation across species, demonstrating that differences in mating systems across exposure gradients affect the timing of sex change beyond variation concomitant with differing overall body sizes. We posit that exposure-driven differences in habitat disturbance regimes have marked effects on the nutritional ecology of parrotfishes, leading to size-related variation in mating systems, which underpin the observed patterns. Our results call for better integration of life-history, social factors, and ecosystem processes to foster an improved understanding of complex ecosystems such as coral reefs.
Castro-Sanguino, C, Bozec, Y-M, Dempsey, A, Samaniego, B, Lubarsky, B, Andrews, S, Komyakova, V, Ortiz, JC, Robbins, WD, Renaud, PG & Mumby, PJ 2017, 'Detecting conservation benefits of marine reserves on remote reefs of the northern GBR.', PLoS ONE, vol. 12, pp. e0186146-e0186146.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP) is the largest network of marine reserves in the world, yet little is known of the efficacy of no-fishing zones in the relatively lightly-exploited remote parts of the system (i.e., northern regions). Here, we find that the detection of reserve effects is challenging and that heterogeneity in benthic habitat composition, specifically branching coral cover, is one of the strongest driving forces of fish assemblages. As expected, the biomass of targeted fish species was generally greater (up to 5-fold) in no-take zones than in fished zones, but we found no differences between the two forms of no-take zone: 'no-take' versus 'no-entry'. Strong effects of zoning were detected in the remote Far-North inshore reefs and more central outer reefs, but surprisingly fishing effects were absent in the less remote southern locations. Moreover, the biomass of highly targeted species was nearly 2-fold greater in fished areas of the Far-North than in any reserve (no-take or no-entry) further south. Despite high spatial variability in fish biomass, our results suggest that fishing pressure is greater in southern areas and that poaching within reserves may be common. Our results also suggest that fishers 'fish the line' as stock sizes in exploited areas decreased near larger no-take zones. Interestingly, an analysis of zoning effects on small, non-targeted fishes appeared to suggest a top-down effect from mesopredators, but was instead explained by variability in benthic composition. Thus, we demonstrate the importance of including appropriate covariates when testing for evidence of trophic cascades and reserve successes or failures.
Gray, CA, Barnes, LM, Robbins, WD, van der Meulen, DE, Ochwada-Doyle, FA & Kendall, BW 2017, 'Length- and age-based demographics of exploited populations of stout whiting, Sillago robusta Stead, 1908', Journal of Applied Ichthyology, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 1073-1082.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. This study assessed variability in the length and age compositions, longevity, length-at-age and rates of growth and mortality of the east Australian stout whiting Sillago robusta Stead, 1908 population harvested by demersal trawl fisheries. Sampling was done over 2 years and was spatially stratified across three depth strata between 11 and 90 m at two locations approximately 400 km apart. There were no consistent depth-related differences in length and age compositions, but the mean and median length and age of the population was greater at the lower latitude location. Age classes 2 and 3 years dominated samples in the north, and 1 and 2 years in the south. Observed longevity was 10 years in the north, and 6 years in the south. Mean length-at-age was not consistently different between sexes, years or locations, nor did the von Bertalanffy growth function differ significantly between sexes, even though females had a greater estimated L ∞ (23.45 cm FL) compared to males (22.36 cm FL). Estimated natural mortality (M) ranged between 0.42 and 0.77, using age- and length-based methods. Age-based catch-curve analyses identified the instantaneous rate of total mortality (Z) to range between 1.48 and 2.70, with subsequent estimates of fishing mortality (F) ranging between 1.15 and 2.00, being greater than M. Exploitation rates (E) were greater than 0.7, indicating that S. robusta at the study locations was heavily fished. The data provided here can be used as a basis to evaluate future fishery- and climate-related changes in the population demographics of east Australian S. robusta.
Momigliano, P, Harcourt, R, Robbins, WD, Jaiteh, V, Mahardika, GN, Sembiring, A & Stow, A 2017, 'Genetic structure and signatures of selection in grey reef sharks (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos).', Heredity, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 142-153.View/Download from: Publisher's site
With overfishing reducing the abundance of marine predators in multiple marine ecosystems, knowledge of genetic structure and local adaptation may provide valuable information to assist sustainable management. Despite recent technological advances, most studies on sharks have used small sets of neutral markers to describe their genetic structure. We used 5517 nuclear single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) gene to characterize patterns of genetic structure and detect signatures of selection in grey reef sharks (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos). Using samples from Australia, Indonesia and oceanic reefs in the Indian Ocean, we established that large oceanic distances represent barriers to gene flow, whereas genetic differentiation on continental shelves follows an isolation by distance model. In Australia and Indonesia differentiation at nuclear SNPs was weak, with coral reefs acting as stepping stones maintaining connectivity across large distances. Differentiation of mtDNA was stronger, and more pronounced in females, suggesting sex-biased dispersal. Four independent tests identified a set of loci putatively under selection, indicating that grey reef sharks in eastern Australia are likely under different selective pressures to those in western Australia and Indonesia. Genetic distances averaged across all loci were uncorrelated with genetic distances calculated from outlier loci, supporting the conclusion that different processes underpin genetic divergence in these two data sets. This pattern of heterogeneous genomic differentiation, suggestive of local adaptation, has implications for the conservation of grey reef sharks; furthermore, it highlights that marine species showing little genetic differentiation at neutral loci may exhibit patterns of cryptic genetic structure driven by local selection.
Robbins, WD, Huveneers, C, Parra, GJ, Möller, L & Gillanders, BM 2017, 'Anthropogenic threat assessment of marine-associated fauna in Spencer Gulf, South Australia', Marine Policy, vol. 81, pp. 392-400.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Assessing the vulnerability of species to anthropogenic threats is an essential step when developing management strategies for wild populations. With industrial development forecasted to increase in Spencer Gulf, South Australia, it is crucial to assess the ongoing effects of anthropogenic threats to resident and migratory species. Expert elicitation was used to assess 27 threats against 38 threatened, protected, and iconic marine-associated species. Species and threat interactions were assessed individually, and as taxonomic or functional groups. Climate change had the greatest overall exposure (c.f. risk) across species, followed by disturbance, pollution, disease/invasive species, and fishing/aquaculture threats. The largest overall sensitivities (c.f. consequences) were pollution and disease/invasive species, followed by climate change, disturbance and fishing/aquaculture threats. Vulnerability scores (exposure x sensitivity) showed the climate change group posing the greatest overall threat in Spencer Gulf, with individual climatic threats ranking as three of the top four biggest threats to most animal groups. Noise, shipping, and net fishing were considered the greatest region-specific individual threats to marine mammals; as were trawl fishing, line fishing, and coastal activities to fish/cuttlefish; trawl fishing, line fishing, and net fishing to elasmobranchs; and oil spill, disease, and coastal activities to sea/shorebirds. Eighteen of the 20 highest vulnerability scores involved the short-beaked common dolphin, Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin, and Australian sea lion, highlighting the particular susceptibility of these species to specific threats. These findings provide a synthesis of key threats and vulnerable species, and give management a basis to direct future monitoring and threat mitigation efforts in the region.
Robbins, WD & Renaud, P 2016, 'Foraging mode of the grey reef shark, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, under two different scenarios', CORAL REEFS, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 253-260.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Brandl, SJ, Robbins, WD & Bellwood, DR 2015, 'Exploring the nature of ecological specialization in a coral reef fish community: morphology, diet and foraging microhabitat use', PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol. 282, no. 1815.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Momigliano, P, Harcourt, R, Robbins, WD & Stow, A 2015, 'Connectivity in grey reef sharks (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) determined using empirical and simulated genetic data', SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol. 5.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Robbins, RL, Enarson, M, Bradford, RW, Robbins, WD & Fox, AG 2015, 'Residency and Local Connectivity of White Sharks at Liguanea Island: ASecond Aggregation Site in South Australia?', The Open Fish Science Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 23-29.View/Download from: Publisher's site
White sharks show a high degree of residency to specific aggregation sites, to which they return regularly over
multiple years. Australian research has historically focused on single aggregation areas within each of the southern states
where white sharks occur, but other key habitats likely exist and if so, will be important to identify to effectively monitor
and protect threatened white shark populations. This study is the first to describe Liguanea Island as a second white shark
aggregation site within South Australia, with residency periods and return visits recorded by multiple individuals. Eight
sharks were detected at both Liguanea Island and the other known aggregation area in the state, the Neptune Islands, demonstrating
movement between these locations. Sustained residency periods were recorded at both sites, although high periodic
site fidelity was apparent with many individuals showing preference for the location at which they were tagged. Individual
differences in site fidelity and residency patterns were found, although two sub-adult individuals were found to
follow similar movement patterns. The implications of white shark movements, and the suggested identification of a second
aggregation areas in close proximity are discussed.
Gray, CA, Barnes, LM, Ochwada-Doyle, FA, van der Meulen, DE, Kendall, BW & Robbins, WD 2014, 'Age, growth and demographic characteristics of Sillago flindersi exploited in a multi-species trawl fishery', FISHERIES SCIENCE, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 915-924.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gray, CA, Barnes, LM, van der Meulen, DE, Kendall, BW, Ochwada-Doyle, FA & Robbins, WD 2014, 'Depth interactions and reproductive ecology of sympatric Sillaginidae: Sillago robusta and S. flindersi', AQUATIC BIOLOGY, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 127-142.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Momigliano, P, Robbins, WD, Gardner, M & Stow, A 2014, 'Characterisation of 15 novel microsatellite loci for the grey reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos)', CONSERVATION GENETICS RESOURCES, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 661-663.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Robbins, WD, Peddemors, VM, Broadhurst, MK & Gray, CA 2013, 'Hooked on fishing? Recreational angling interactions with the Critically Endangered grey nurse shark Carcharias taurus in eastern Australia', ENDANGERED SPECIES RESEARCH, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 161-170.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Stewart, J, Robbins, WD, Rowling, K, Hegarty, A & Gould, A 2013, 'A multifaceted approach to modelling growth of the Australian bonito, Sarda australis (Family Scombridae), with some observations on its reproductive biology', MARINE AND FRESHWATER RESEARCH, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 671-678.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Whitney, NM, Robbins, WD, Schultz, JK, Bowen, BW & Holland, KN 2012, 'Oceanic dispersal in a sedentary reef shark (Triaenodon obesus): genetic evidence for extensive connectivity without a pelagic larval stage', JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1144-1156.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hisano, M, Connolly, SR & Robbins, WD 2011, 'Population Growth Rates of Reef Sharks with and without Fishing on the Great Barrier Reef: Robust Estimation with Multiple Models', PLOS ONE, vol. 6, no. 9.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Reid, DD, Robbins, WD & Peddemors, VM 2011, 'Decadal trends in shark catches and effort from the New South Wales, Australia, Shark Meshing Program 1950-2010', MARINE AND FRESHWATER RESEARCH, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 676-693.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Robbins, WD, Peddemors, VM & Kennelly, SJ 2011, 'Assessment of permanent magnets and electropositive metals to reduce the line-based capture of Galapagos sharks, Carcharhinus galapagensis', FISHERIES RESEARCH, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 100-106.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hernaman, V, Probert, PK & Robbins, WD 2009, 'Trophic ecology of coral reef gobies: interspecific, ontogenetic, and seasonal comparison of diet and feeding intensity', MARINE BIOLOGY, vol. 156, no. 3, pp. 317-330.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hobbs, JA, Choat, JH, Robbins, WD, Ayling, AM, van Herwerden, L & Feary, DA 2008, 'Unique fish assemblages at world's southernmost oceanic coral reefs, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, Tasman Sea, Australia', Coral Reefs, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 15-15.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Located in the northern Tasman Sea, 600 km east of Australia, Elizabeth (2956¢S, 15905¢E.) and Middleton Reefs (2927¢S, 15907¢E) form the southernmost oceanic platform coral reefs in the world (Oxley et al. 2004). Previous surveys indicated an unusual ?sh fauna at these reefs (Australian Museum 1992; Oxley et al. 2004). Further detailed underwater surveys of the ?sh fauna conducted in February 2006 and 2007 con?rmed that the combination of geographic location, isolation and the convergence of tropical and temperate waters have produced a unique ?sh assemblage comprising tropical, temperate and endemic species
Robbins, WD 2006, 'Evaluation of two underwater biopsy probes for in situ collection of shark tissue samples', MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, vol. 310, pp. 213-217.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Choat, JH, Robbins, WD & Clements, KD 2004, 'The trophic status of herbivorous fishes on coral reefs - II. Food processing modes and trophodynamics', MARINE BIOLOGY, vol. 145, no. 3, pp. 445-454.View/Download from: Publisher's site