Can supervise: YES
Razavy, S, Gadau, M, Zhang, SP, Wang, FC, Bangrazi, S, Berle, C, Li, T, Li, WH & Zaslawski, C 2018, 'Anxiety related to De Qi psychophysical responses as measured by MASS: A sub-study embedded in a multisite randomised clinical trial.', Complementary therapies in medicine, vol. 39, pp. 24-35.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Acupuncture has been broadly applied in the management of many diseases and conditions; however, its mechanism of action has been partially elucidated. Additionally, assessment of psychophysical responses in the acupuncture therapy is not common regarding anxiety disorder studies. Taken together, the therapeutic effect of acupuncture appears when De Qi psychophysical response is experienced following stimulation of the afferent sensory nerves. The present study investigates the level of anxiety perceived at different occasions in acupuncture and mock laser group. Furthermore, it examines the relationship between perceived De Qi psychophysical response and the level of anxiety experienced during administration of each intervention. The study was embedded in a two-arm parallel design multi-center, randomized clinical trial, the Tennis Elbow Acupuncture-International Study-China, Hong Kong, Australia, Italy. Participants' level of anxiety was measured using a validated instrument, the Massachusetts General Hospital Acupuncture Sensation Mood Scale. Ninety-six participants with Lateral Elbow Pain were randomly allocated into two groups; the acupuncture treatment group (n = 47) and the inactive mock laser control group (n = 49). Data were collected immediately following the interventions at the first and the ninth session within the clinical trial. Acupuncture with De Qi did not induce higher level of anxiety compared to prior administration of acupuncture. In fact, participants were more relaxed after receiving acupuncture than those who received mock laser. There was also a weak association between participants' perception of anxiety during acupuncture and the MASS De Qi Index in session nine only (p < 0.01). Further investigation of the result revealed weak positive correlation between anxiety perceived during administration of acupuncture and the following De Qi characteristics; 'soreness' (p < 0.01), 'Deep pressure' (p < 0.05), 'Heaviness' (p < 0.05), and 'Fullne...
As the origin and the world's largest teaching and clinical base of Chinese medicine, China has been acting as an important classroom for foreign students who study Chinese medicine ever since. In order to satisfy the ever-increasing interests of foreign student’s learning and further training (English as an example) of Chinese medicine in China, and to promote the development and internationalization of Chinese medicine overseas, the author summaries her over 20 years’ experiences on teaching of Chinese medicine to foreign students and addresses the following four advices to improve the teaching quality: government supporting for Chinese medicine teaching and training on foreign students; making proper teaching and training strategies to facilitate foreign students ' background and need, improving application of the foreign language in the teaching; the importance of translator and interpreter in Chinese medicine teaching and training and the suggestions on training of translator and interpreter.
Li, W, Chen, J, Liang, F & Zaslawski, C 2017, 'Growth of Chinese Medicine in Australia: past, Present and Prospect', Zhongguo zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 607-611.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Meier, P, Elsdon, D, Garvey, M, Li, WH, Loyeung, YK, Michaeil, C, Morgan, N, Walsh, S, Zheng, S & Zaslawski, C 2017, 'Moxibustion in Australia: a clinical audit of moxibustion use in a University outpatient Chinese medicine clinic', Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 17-21.
Razavy, S, Gadau, M, Zhang, SP, Wang, FC, Bangrazi, S, Berle, C, Harahap, M, Li, T, Li, WH & Zaslawski, C 2017, 'Investigation of the Phenomenon of Propagated Sensation along the Channels in the Upper Limb Following Administration of Acupuncture and Mock Laser', JAMS Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 307-316.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Background Similar to De Qi psychophysical responses, propagated sensation along the channels (PSC) is considered an important phenomenon in traditional Chinese acupuncture. In acupuncture clinical trials, different acupuncture manipulation techniques are used to enhance the propagation of sensation along the channels to facilitate an optimum therapeutic result. Aim To examine and compare the PSC reported by participants in a clinical trial following the administration of acupuncture and inactive mock laser. Methods The study was embedded in a two-arm parallel design multicenter, randomized clinical trial, the Tennis Elbow Acupuncture—International Study—China, Hong Kong, Australia, Italy (TEA IS CHAI). Needle sensations were measured using a validated instrument, the Massachusetts General Hospital Acupuncture Sensation Spreading Scale. Ninety-six participants with lateral elbow pain were randomly allocated into two groups in a 1:1 ratio; the acupuncture treatment group (n = 47) and the mock laser control group (n = 49). Participants in both groups received the intervention at two acupoints, LI10 and LI11, consisting of 2 minutes of either standardized needle manipulation or mock laser at each acupoint with a rest period between each intervention period. Data were collected immediately following the interventions at the first and the ninth session within the clinical trial. Results Although participants in both groups perceived PSC radiating to similar sites along the upper limb, the frequency of the reported radiation sites among the two intervention groups for both radiation up the limb (p < 0.05) and radiation down the limb (p < 0.001) were statistically significantly different. Among the radiating sensation sites recorded within the two study groups, the sensations were reported as radiating a greater distance down the forearm to the wrist compared to up the arm. Evaluation of PSC across the four study sites revealed a statistically significant differe...
Razavy, S, Gadau, M, Zhang, SP, Wang, FC, Bangrazi, S, Berle, C, Harahap, M, Li, T, Li, WH & Zaslawski, C 2017, 'Psychophysical responses in patients receiving a mock laser within context of an acupuncture clinical trial: an interoceptive perspective', BMC COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE, vol. 17.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Chen, J, Loyeung, B, Zaslawski, C, Liang, FR & Li, WH 2016, 'Comparison of traditional Chinese medicine education between mainland China and Australia—a case study', Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 291-296.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2016 Journal of Integrative Medicine Editorial Office. E-edition published by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. Objective To analyze and compare the curriculum and delivery of a Chinese and Australian university-level Chinese medicine program. Methods A review of PubMed and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure for relevant educational papers was undertaken. Online and paper documents available at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) and the Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (CDUTCM) were read and analyzed. In addition, in-depth interviews with academics from the two universities were conducted during 2014 to 2015. Results The two Chinese medicine programs share the common goal of providing health services to the local community, but differ in some aspects when the curricula are compared. Areas such as student profile, curriculum structure, teaching approaches and education quality assurance were found to be different. The UTS program adopts a “flipped learning” approach with the use of educational technology aiming at improving learning outcomes. On the other hand, the CDUTCM has better clinical facilities and specialist physician resources. Conclusion A better understanding of the different curricula and approaches to Chinese medicine education will facilitate student learning and educational outcomes.
Liu, Y-S, Gadau, M, Zhang, G-X, Liu, H, Wang, F-C, Zaslawski, C, Li, T, Tan, Y-S, Berle, C, Li, W-H, Bangrazi, S, Liguori, S & Zhang, S-P 2016, 'Acupuncture Treatment of Lateral Elbow Pain: A Nonrandomized Pilot Study', EVIDENCE-BASED COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Zaslawski, C, Berle, C, Gadau, M, Li, WH, Li, T, Wang, FC, Bangrazi, S, Li, L, Ligouri, S, Liu, YS, Tan, YS & Zhang, SP 2016, 'Protocol for Acupuncture Treatment of Lateral Elbow Pain: A Multisite Randomised Controlled Trial in China, Hong Kong, Australia, and Italy', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2016, pp. 1-9.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Background. Lateral elbow pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal pains associated with the upper limb and has an estimated population incidence of 1–3%. Methods/Design. This study protocol is for a multisite randomised controlled study and is designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic (over three months' duration) lateral elbow pain. Four study sites, in the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, Italy, and Australia, will recruit 24 participants each. A total of 96 participants will be randomised to either an acupuncture group or a sham laser control group. The primary outcome measure will be the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire with secondary outcome measures of Pain-Free Grip Strength Test, Muscle Tension Test, and a pain visual analogue scale. Discussion. Key features for conducting a multisite international acupuncture randomised clinical trial have been detailed in this protocol. Trial Registration. This trial is registered at Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry ACTRN12613001138774 on 11 October, 2013.
Li, W, Cobbin, DM & Zaslawski, CJ 2008, 'A comparison of effects on regional pressure pain threshold produced by deep needling of LI4 and LI11, individually and in combination', Complementary Therapies In Medicine, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 278-287.View/Download from: Publisher's site
sites (acupoints and nonacupoints) across the body with an algometer. Interventions: The same manual acupuncture techniques were applied to four interventions of large intestine 4 (LI4) unilaterally; LI4 bilaterally; large intestine 11 (LI 11) unilaterally; and LI4 in conjunction with LI11, both unilaterally. Main outcome measures: (1) Percentage change in PPT from preintervention baseline measured at the 10 regional sites following every intervention; (2) participants' perceptions of pain; needling sensations; tension during, and anxiety prior to, each intervention; and changes in practitioner behaviour. Results: Following all four interventions, statistically significant increases in mean PPT were observed. These occurred at nine sites following the LI4 intervention either unilaterally or bilaterally; at six sites for LI11 intervention; and at five sites following the combined LI11 and LI4 intervention. These increases were significantly greater for the bilateral LI4 intervention than the unilateral LI4 intervention at only two sites (p < 0.02 and p < 0.0001). There were no statistically significant differences in the subjective perceptions among the four interventions. Conclusion: The enhanced effects on PPT by the bilateral compared with the unilateral intervention at LI4 although limited, do provide some support for the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) assumption that bilateral needling of the same point enhances the treatment effect. There was no support for the assumption that combined needling of points from the same channel should enhance the treatment effect and failure to obtain better effects by combined needling of points from the same channel could result from the interaction occurring during the combined needling. Crown Copyright © 2008.