Kalaruban, M, Loganathan, P, Tien, VN, Nur, T, Johir, MAH, Thi, HN, Minh, VT & Vigneswaran, S 2019, 'Iron-impregnated granular activated carbon for arsenic removal: Application to practical column filters', JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, vol. 239, pp. 235-243.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Nur, T, Loganathan, P, Ahmed, MB, Johir, MAH, Tien, VN & Vigneswaran, S 2019, 'Removing arsenic from water by coprecipitation with iron: Effect of arsenic and iron concentrations and adsorbent incorporation', CHEMOSPHERE, vol. 226, pp. 431-438.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Nur, T, Loganathan, P, Ahmed, MB, Johir, M, Kandasamy, J & Vigneswaran, S 2018, 'Struvite production using membrane-bioreactor wastewater effluent and seawater', Desalination, vol. 444, pp. 1-5.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Wastewater phosphorus (P) released into natural water bodies such as lakes and rivers, can cause water pollution as a result of eutrophication. If this P is effectively removed from wastewaters and economically recovered for use as fertilisers, not only can the water pollution be controlled, but also reduce the anticipated global shortage of P. This scarcity will result from the natural phosphate rock reserve being exhausted. Three experiments were conducted using membrane-bioreactor effluent (MBR, 35 mg PO 4 /L) and reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC, 10 mg PO 4 /L) waters to supply phosphate, and sea water (1530 mg Mg/L) to supply Mg for the production of struvite. The phosphate in the MBR and ROC was concentrated approximately 15 times by adsorption onto an ion exchange resin column followed by desorption. Struvite was precipitated by mixing the desorbed solution with seawater and NH 4 Cl. The chemical composition and mineral structure of the precipitates agreed with those of the reference struvite. When Ca in seawater (300 mg Ca/L) was removed before mixing the water with MBR or ROC, the purity of the struvite improved.
Nur, T, Loganathan, P, Johir, MAH, Kandasamy, J & Vigneswaran, S 2018, 'Removing rubidium using potassium cobalt hexacyanoferrate in the membrane adsorption hybrid system', Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 191, pp. 286-294.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Highly-priced rubidium (Rb) can be effectively extracted from seawater using potassium cobalt hexacyanoferrate (KCoFC) and ammonium molybdophosphate (AMP) adsorbents in the membrane adsorption hybrid system (MAHS). KCoFC ( < 0.075 mm), KCoFC (0.075–0.15 mm), and AMP ( < 0.075 mm) had Langmuir adsorption capacities of 145, 113, and 77 mg/g at pH 6.5–7.5, respectively. When KCoFC ( < 0.075 mm) at a dose of 0.2 g/L was initially added to 4 L of a solution containing 5 mg Rb/L in the MAHS and 25% of the initial dose was repeatedly added every hour, the amount of Rb removed remained steady at 90–96% for the experiment's 26 h duration. The removal of Rb by AMP under similar conditions was 80–82%. The cumulative Rb removed by KCoFC ( < 0.075 mm) in MAHS was only 33% reduced in the presence of high concentrations of other cations in synthetic seawater compared to that in solution containing only Rb. Approximately 30% of the adsorbed Rb was desorbed using 1 M KCl. When the desorbed solution was passed through a column containing resorcinol formaldehyde (RF), 35% of the Rb in the desorbed solution was adsorbed on RF. Furthermore 50% of the Rb adsorbed on RF was recovered by 1 M HCl leaching of the column. This sequence of concentration and separation of Rb in the presence of other cations in synthetic seawater is an efficient method for recovering pure Rb from real seawater and seawater reverse osmosis brine.
Loganathan, P, Shim, WG, Sounthararajah, DP, Kalaruban, M, Nur, T & Vigneswaran, S 2018, 'Modelling equilibrium adsorption of single, binary, and ternary combinations of Cu, Pb, and Zn onto granular activated carbon', ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol. 25, no. 17, pp. 16664-16675.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Nur, T, Loganathan, P, Kandasamy, J & Vigneswaran, S 2017, 'Removal of strontium from aqueous solutions and synthetic seawater using resorcinol formaldehyde polycondensate resin', Desalination, vol. 420, pp. 283-291.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Strontium (Sr) is a valuable metal found in abundance in seawater. However, its recovery from seawater has received little attention despite its many industrial applications. Batch and column adsorption experiments were conducted on the removal of Sr by resorcinol formaldehyde (RF) resin in the presence of co-existing cations at pH 7.5–8.5, where maximum adsorption was found. Batch adsorption capacities of cations followed the decreasing order of Sr > Ca > Mg > K, the order being the same as that of reduction of negative zeta potential. The adsorption data for Sr, Ca and Mg satisfactorily fitted to the Langmuir adsorption model with maximum adsorption capacities of 2.28, 1.25 and 1.15 meq/g, respectively. Selectivity coefficients for Sr with respect to other metals showed that Sr was selectively adsorbed on RF. Column adsorption data for Sr only solution fitted well to the Thomas model. Sr adsorption capacity in the presence of seawater concentrations of Ca, Mg, K and Na was reduced in both batch and column experiments with highest effect from Ca and Mg. However, if Ca and Mg are removed prior to RF adsorption process by precipitation, the negative effect of these ions on Sr removal can be significantly reduced.
Naidu, G, Nur, T, Loganathan, P, Kandasamy, J & Vigneswaran, S 2016, 'Selective sorption of rubidium by potassium cobalt hexacyanoferrate', SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, vol. 163, pp. 238-246.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Nur, T, Loganathan, P, Kandasamy, J & Vigneswaran, S 2016, 'Phosphate Adsorption from Membrane Bioreactor Effluent Using Dowex 21K XLT and Recovery as Struvite and Hydroxyapatite', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 13, no. 3.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Nur, T, Naidu, G, Loganathan, P, Kandasamy, J & Vigneswaran, S 2016, 'Rubidium recovery using potassium cobalt hexacyanoferrate sorbent', DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, vol. 57, no. 55, pp. 26577-26585.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Nur, T, Shim, WG, Loganathan, P, Vigneswaran, S & Kandasamy, J 2015, 'Nitrate removal using Purolite A520E ion exchange resin: batch and fixed-bed column adsorption modelling', International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1311-1320.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Removing excessive nitrate from water is essential because it causes eutrophication which in turn has a harmful effect on aquatic life, resulting in a reduction in biodiversity and posing a danger to peoples health when the water is used for drinking. In this study, nitrate removal from aqueous solutions was studied using an ion exchange resin (Purolite A520E) in batch and fixed-bed column experiments. Batch adsorption kinetics was very well described by pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and homogeneous surface diffusion models for resin doses 1.5 and 3.0 g/L at a nitrate concentration 20 mg N/L. Column kinetic data satisfactorily fitted to the empirical Thomas model and a numerical model based on advection dispersion equation for filtration velocities 2.5 and 5.0 m/h at a column height of 12 cm and inlet concentration 20 mg N/L. The experimental and Thomas model predicted breakthrough adsorption capacity ranges for the two filtration rates were 12.013.5 and 8.29.7 mg N/g, respectively, whereas the maximum adsorption capacity determined using Langmuir adsorption isotherm model in the batch study was 32.2 mg N/g.
Nur, T, Johir, MAH, Loganathan, P, Nguyen, T, Vigneswaran, S & Kandasamy, J 2014, 'Phosphate removal from water using an iron oxide impregnated strong base anion exchange resin', Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 20, pp. 1301-1307.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Removing phosphate from water is important as it causes eutrophication, which in turn has a harmful effect on aquatic life, resulting in a reduction in biodiversity. On the other hand, recovery of phosphate from phosphorus containing wastewater is essential for developing an alternative source of phosphorus to overcome the global challenge of phosphorus scarcity. Phosphate removal from aqueous solutions was studied using an iron oxide impregnated strong base anion exchange resin, Purolite FerrIX A33E in batch and fixed-bed column experiments. Phosphate adsorption in the batch study satisfactorily fitted to the Langmuir isotherm with a maximum adsorption capacity of 48 mg P/g. In the column study, increase in inlet phosphate concentration (530 mg P/L), and filtration velocity (2.510 m/h) resulted in faster breakthrough times and increase in breakthrough adsorption capacities. Increase in bed height (3 19 cm) also increased adsorption capacity but the breakthrough time was slower. The breakthrough data were reasonably well described using the empirical models of BohartAdams, Thomas, and Yoon Nelson, except for high bed heights. Phosphate adsorbed was effectively desorbed using 1 M NaOH and the adsorbent was regenerated after each of three adsorption/desorption cycles by maintaining the adsorption capacity at >90% of the original value. Greater than 99.5% of the desorbed P was recovered by precipitation using CaCl2.
Nur, T, Loganathan, L, Nguyen, T, Vigneswaran, S, Singh, G & Kandasamy, JK 2014, 'Batch and column adsorption and desorption of fluoride using hydrous ferric oxide: Solution chemistry and modelling', Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 247, pp. 93-102.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Nur, T, Shim, WG, Johir, MAH, Vigneswaran, S & Kandasamy, J 2014, 'Modelling of phosphorus removal by ion-exchange resin (Purolite FerrIX A33E) in fixed-bed column experiments', Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 52, no. 4-6, pp. 784-790.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Phosphorus removal is important as it causes eutrophication that in turn has a harmful effect on fish and other aquatic life, resulting in a reduction in biodiversity as well as unfavourable human environmental health. In this study, phosphorus removal from aqueous solutions was studied using an ion-exchange resin (Purolite FerrIX A33E) in fixed-bed column experiments. The effects of adsorbent bed height (319 cm) on the breakthrough characteristics of the adsorption system were studied. An increase in bed height (319 cm) increased adsorption capacity but the breakthrough time was shorter. As the bed height increased, the detention time increased and the phosphate was in contact with the purolite ion-exchange resin for a longer time, resulting in more efficient removal of phosphate. The shape of breakthrough curve was steeper for a shorter bed height. A mathematical model (advection dispersion equation) was solved numerically to predict the dynamic behaviour of the columns. Finally, sensitivity analysis results apparently revealed that the dynamic adsorption behaviours of phosphate in Purolite FerrIX A33E were mainly controlled by the external mass transfer rather than the axial dispersion and the intra-particle diffusion.
Nur, T, Johir, MAH, Loganathan, P, Vigneswaran, S & Kandasamy, J 2012, 'Effectiveness of purolite A500PS and A520E ion exchange resins on the removal of nitrate and phosphate from synthetic water', Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 47, no. 1-3, pp. 50-58.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Water pollution due to the excessive presence of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) is a serious environmental worldwide problem, because both species are implicated in the eutrophication of receiving surface waters and elevated nitrate concentration in drinking water can be toxic to infants. The removal efficiencies of nitrate and phosphate from water spiked with different ratios and concentrations of these nutrients by two ion-exchange resins (Purolite A500PS and Purolite A520E) were studied in batch kinetics and equilibrium adsorption experiments. Both purolites were found to be selective towards nitrate removal at all ratios of nitrate to phosphate in solution. Purolite A520E showed higher (<85%) removal efficiency of nitrate than Purolite A500PS (about 65%) from a solution containing 20mgN/L as nitrate and 10mgP/L as phosphate at a resin dose of 1.5 g/L. However, Purolite A500PS showed higher (65%) removal of phosphate than Purolite A520E (48%). Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models fitted well for the adsorption of nitrate on Purolite A520E (R2 = 0.950.96). However, the adsorption of nitrate on Purolite A500PS can be explained satisfactorily only by Freundlich model (R2 = 0.98). The adsorption of phosphate on the resins fitted well to Freundlich model (R2 = 0.90) for Purolite A500PS as well as for Purolite A520E (R2 = 0.90). The adsorption of phosphate and nitrate on both ion-exchange resins was much better described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model (R2P0.99) than by pseudo-first-order kinetic model (R2 = 0.250.94).