Stephen Schweinsberg is a lecturer in sustainable management in the UTS Business School. Stephen coordinates the core unit Integrating Business Perspectives, which is completed by all first year students in the Bachelor of Business degree. He also teaches in a range of research methods and other subjects across the Bachelor of Management and Master of Management degree programs. Stephen’s current research interests are in the areas of Honours pedagogy in business education, the social impacts of coal seam gas development in Australian rural communities and national park based tourism management. Stephen’s work has been published in His work has been published in the A* Journal of Sustainable Tourism, the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, the Journal of Park and Recreation Administration and Parks and Leisure. He has also completed book chapters for Channel View Publications and Pearson. Stephen is a core member of the Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Research Centre and is the Honours degree coordinator for the Management Discipline Group.
Can supervise: YES
Sustainable tourism management, tourism pedagogy, rural land use development
Integrating business perspectives, research methods and government and policy
Schweinsberg, S.C. 2009, Sustainable Tourism Development and Rural Community Values: An Examination of Australia's Forest Regions, 1st, Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany.
Schweinsberg, S, Darcy, S & Wearing, SL 2018, 'Repertory grids and the measurement of levels of community support for rural ecotourism development', Journal of Ecotourism, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 239-251.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Many of the world's iconic ecotourism attractions reside in heterogeneous rural localities (or places). Over time the nature of these settings evolve, which can lead to tourism and other industry sectors (e.g. forestry, mining, agriculture etc.) at different times coming to hold positions of legitimacy in the eyes of local people. Local people will form opinions on the merits of ecotourism development on the basis of an evolving interplay of economic, environmental and social forces. These forces are framed on the basis of a locality's history, as well as on the basis of current conditions. In the present paper the authors will explore the merits of employing Personal Construct Theory based repertory grids as a methodological tool to understand the subjective realities of local people. Drawing on the results an expanding body of scholarship that has used repertory grid methodologies in destination image studies; the authors will offer comment on the merits whereby repertory grids can be taken out of an academic led research setting and used within communities themselves to shed light on the individual perceptions that variously cause support or opposition to ecotourism development.
Schweinsberg, S, Heizmann, H, Darcy, S, Wearing, S & Djolic, M 2018, 'Establishing academic leadership praxis in sustainable tourism: lessons from the past and bridges to the future', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 2018, no. 9, pp. 1577-1586.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This paper examines the potential contribution of academics working in the sustainable tourism arena from a relational, practice-based leadership perspective. It argues that these leadership perspectives require a shift in thinking from narrowly defined, instrumental measures of academic impact imposed by performance management and the somewhat heroic ideals of leadership. Instead it outlines how everyday practice that directly influences collaborative agency among multiple tourism stakeholders is able to provide a more useful direction. To illustrate this perspective, it engages in retrospective reflection, drawing on a number of pioneers in tourism scholarship. It specifically examines their praxis of dialogue, stewardship, and critical reflexivity and the ways in which these may serve to inspire future sustainable tourism education and scholarship.
Schweinsberg, S, Darcy, S & Cheng, M 2017, 'The agenda setting power of news media in framing the future role of tourism in protected areas', Tourism Management, vol. 62, pp. 241-252.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd This exploratory paper examines the agenda-setting and framing role of news media in the ongoing development of the Draft Sydney Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust Master Plan. The paper will argue that the publication of the Masterplan and ensuing public commentary has drawn into stark focus future challenges in juxtaposing the frames of public use, commercial tourism and scientific/cultural values in the sustainable management of protected areas. Agenda setting and framing theory provides the theoretical foundation for the paper. Guided by critical discourse analysis, the analysis of the paper is supported through the use of Leximancer and Gephi software for visually illustrating the relationship between different framing perspectives. This paper contributes to a fresh understanding of the complex nature of the sustainable management of protected areas in urban spaces.
Reggers, A, Grabowski, S, Wearing, SL, Chatterton, P & Schweinsberg, S 2016, 'Exploring outcomes of community-based tourism on the Kokoda Track, Papua New Guinea: a longitudinal study of Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques', JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM, vol. 24, no. 8-9, pp. 1139-1155.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Wearing, S, Ankor, J, McDonald, M & Schweinsberg, SC 2015, 'The Nature of Aesthetics: How Consumer Culture has Changed our National Parks', Tourism Review International, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 225-233.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Tourism is essentially a modern Western social and cultural phenomenon, the analysis of which
has evolved from premodernism through to postmodernism. Tourism differs significantly from nonWestern
and historical forms of travel, being closely related to the emergence of modernity with
the emphasis on economic viability and consumer culture. The massive growth of tourism over the
20th century and the emergence of a multibillion dollar global tourist industry have impacted on
national parks as tourists increasingly seek nature-based experiences. This has occurred in conjunction
with increases in leisure time, disposable income, technological improvements in communication
and transportation, demographic changes, and a shift in the axis of personal identity and meaningful
social action from production to consumption. This article examines how aesthetics fits into this
evolution and the current role of national parks with a focus on the emergence of their production
through the mass media to a consumer market. Finally, we propose more reflexivity in regards to
tourism and place image production.
Schweinsberg, SC, Wearing, SL, Kuhn, D & Grabowski, S 2014, 'Marketing National Parks for Sustainable Tourism: Bridging the Conservation Human Usage Divide Through Track/ Trail Based Interpretation', Australasian Parks and Leisure, vol. 16, pp. 42-48.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Wearing, S, Cunnigham, P, Schweinsberg, SC & Jobberns, C 2014, 'Whale Watching as Ecotourism: How Sustainable is it?', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: an interdisciplinary journal, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 38-55.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Wearing, Schweinsberg, SC, Lai, P & Lyons, K 2014, 'A Discussion of Coal Seam Gas in Australia's Hunter Valley Wine Tourism Region', Australian Parks and Leisure, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 29-52.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Reggers, A.L., Schweinsberg, S.C. & Wearing, S.L. 2013, 'Understanding Stakeholder Values in Co-Management Arrangements for Protected Area Establishment on the Kokoda Track, Papua New Guinea', Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 45-60.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Over recent years, a number of scholars have drawn attention to the importance of broad stakeholder participation in natural resource management. The general trend toward a more democratic attitude amongst many resource management practitioners has also amplified pressure for the development of processes whereby the full spectrum of stakeholders can engage in the development of sustainable natural resource management plans. Theories of co-management have formed an important part of research in this field for a number of years, and more recently there has been a concerted academic attempt to develop methodologies for operationalizing co-management. The aim of this paper is to present an operationalization of the action arena developed by Carlsson and Berkes (2005), which is a six-step methodological schema for enacting co-management arrangements in natural resource management. The action arena is essentially the community or resource system under investigation. Carlsson and Berkes (2005) note that first an understanding of the action arena is required prior to proceeding to the management tasks to be performed, and identifying the stakeholder linkages that must be analysed in order to determine opportunities for capacity building and strategies for conflict resolution.
Schweinsberg, SC, Wearing, SL & McManus, P 2013, 'Exploring sustainable tourism education in business schools: The honours program', Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 53-60.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This paper examines the future of sustainability education in tourism honours programs in Australian tertiary institutions, an issue of international relevance as many tourism programs are located in mainstream business schools. Its suggests that while industry relevant skills acquisition is an important characteristic of undergraduate tourism education; the tourism honours year requires the opportunity for students to incorporate critical reflection into their study of tourism and in recent times particularly those issues related to sustainability. Sustainability embraces the critical and has sought to straddle neo-liberal and socialist positions through its incorporation of various strands of intellectual thought including equity, limits to growth, nature, poverty and development. In order to improve the quality of sustainability education in tourism honours programs the authors have looked for lessons that can be taken from geography. Within Australian tertiary institutions tourism programs are increasingly being incorporated into mainstream business faculties. Tourism offers an applied lens through which business students can be exposed to the various themes of business practice including: sustainability, ethics, marketing, economics and statistics. This paper does not argue against business focused tourism teaching but instead looks at ways in which renewed engagement with tourisms various disciplinary bases can equip Honours students with the visioning and critical thinking skills that are necessary for a rounded sustainability education
Imison, M & Schweinsberg, SC 2013, 'Australian News Media Framing Of Medical Tourism In Low- And Middle-income Countries: A Content Review', BMC Public Health, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1-12.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Background Medical tourism - travel across international borders for health care appears to be growing globally, with patients from high-income nations increasingly visiting low- and middle-income countries to access such services. This paper analyses Australian television and newspaper news and current affairs coverage to examine how medical tourism and these destinations for the practice are represented to media audiences. Methods Electronic copies of Australian television (n?=?66) and newspaper (n?=?65) items from 20052011 about medical care overseas were coded for patterns of reporting (year, format and type) and story characteristics (geographic and medical foci in the coverage, news actors featured and appeals, credibility and risks of the practice mentioned). Results Australian media coverage of medical tourism was largely focused on Asia, featuring cosmetic surgery procedures and therapies unavailable domestically. Experts were the most frequently-appearing news actors, followed by patients. Common among the types of appeals mentioned were access to services and low cost. Factors lending credibility included personal testimony, while uncertainty and ethical dilemmas featured strongly among potential risks mentioned from medical tourism.
Schweinsberg, SC, Wearing, SL & Darcy, SA 2012, 'Understanding communities' views of nature in rural industry renewal: the transition from forestry to nature based tourism in Eden, Australia', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 195-213.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This scoping paper examines the complex issue of assessing and understanding community views about the restructuring towards nature-based rural tourism of traditional agriculture and forestry rural economies and their activities that had hitherto shaped local identities. It shows how individual resident perceptions can be included within social impact assessment through the use of psychological methods and discusses the relative merits of using personal construct theory -based repertory grids. Ten repertory grid interviews were completed in Eden, New South Wales, Australia. The findings present both the resulting repertory grids and a more detailed discussion of the interpretation of the grids through two narratives that focus on residents considering what, in their opinion, constitutes a sustainable utilisation of local forest land. The discussion examines how the results of this type of analysis can be used to understand individual residents' decisions to support or reject nature-based tourism proposals in favour of traditional extractive forest-industry sectors. It shows how this assessment system could aid planners in reconciling stakeholder conflict over the ideal usage of public forest land by offering a structured means of giving heterogeneous rural communities a formal voice in tourism-planning processes.
Wearing, S.L., van der Duim, R. & Schweinsberg, S.C. 2007, 'Equitable representation of local porters: Towards a sustainable Nepalese trekking industry', Matkailututkimus - Turismforskning - Finnish Journal of Tourism Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 72-93.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Tourism sustainability, as an accompaniment to economic growth from tourism development, is a significant issue in many developing countries. In Nepal, the internationally renowned trekking industry in localities such as Sagarmatha (Mt Everest) brings in tourist dollars for the national and local economies. However, it also has the potential to be detrimental to local communities. In examining the benefits of purely economic sustainability versus a more holistic interpretation of sustainable tourism which includes concern for local populations; this paper is focussed on the representation of local porters by the tourism industry. Through conceptual reference to colonialist tourism discourses we argue that it is only when the myth of tourism is deconstructed that researchers can adequately comprehend the changes that need to be made to trekking industries in Nepal which will allow for a truly sustainable tourism sector to develop.
Schweinsberg, SC 2007, 'Contributions to Economic Social Impact Assessment Methods from Psychological Values Analysis: a review', Australian Planner, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 44-51.
Schweinsberg, SC & McManus, P 2006, 'Exploring the transition: coursework to research-based study in the geography honours year', Geographical Research, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 52-62.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This paper developed from a review of the Geography Honours program at the University of Sydney, conducted by the authors in early 2004. The paper aims to help address the perceived deficiency of research into Honours study. Three topics, related to the Honours year transition, are discussed. These are: the rationale for the Honours year transition from undergraduate coursework to research-focussed study; the composition and rationale behind coursework programs for geography Honours students, and student-supervisor relations and their impact on independent Honours research. In the process of examining these issues this paper offers suggestions as to how tertiary geography schools can look to develop their Honours year programs. These recommendations are made with the understanding that all tertiary Honours programs are unique and that issues such as staffing levels and departmental structure will influence what suggestions are appropriate for individual institutions. It is hoped that this paper will encourage more discussion about the nature of the Honours year. It is through such communication that the value of the Honours year in student development can be enhanced
Schweinsberg, S.C., Wearing, S.L. & Archer, D.J. 2005, 'Exploring the Social Impacts of Bushfires on Visitor's Experiences in Australian National Parks', Australasian Parks and Leisure, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 17-21.
Schweinsberg, S.C. 2005, 'Net resources: the on-line interplay between bushfire and outdoor recreation', Australasian Parks and Leisure, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 21-23.
Wearing, S, Schweinsberg, S & Darcy, S 2019, 'Consuming our National Parks: Cultural Heritage in a Consumer Culture' in Campelo, A, Reynolds, L, Lindgreen, A & Neverland, M (eds), Cultural Heritage: A Research Anthology, Taylor and Francis, pp. 183-194.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Wearing, S, Tarrant, MA, Schweinsberg, SC & Lyons, K 2017, 'Cultural and Environmental Awareness through sustainable tourism education: exploring the role of onsite community tourism-based Work-Integrated Learning projects' in Handbook of Teaching and Learning in Tourism, Edward Elgar Publishing, USA, pp. 402-415.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This chapter explores the potential of Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) in promoting cultural and environmental awareness through sustainable tourism education. The chapter considers how an experiential framework built on an ecological paradigm provides a platform for WIL that not only exposes learners to concrete experiences, but also has the capacity to introduce them to authentic practices through interaction with industry and community leaders and players. Two case studies of WIL are presented from programs being run at the University of Georgia and the University of Technology (Sydney). These descriptive cases provide evidence of the different modes of WIL application, which are then used by the authors as a starting point for a discussion on the contribution of WIL to sustainable tourism education. The chapter concludes by considering the potential for such an approach to be embraced by higher education in less formal education contexts such as the gap year.
Schweinsberg, SC & Wearing 2015, 'Transforming Nature's Value – Cultural Change Comes from Below: Rural Communities, the 'Othered' and Host Capacity Building' in Reisinger, Y (ed), Transformational Tourism: Host Perspectives, CABI, UK, pp. 102-113.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Wearing, Tarrant, M, Schweinsberg, SC, Lyons, K & Stone, K 2015, 'Exploring the global in student assessment and feedback for sustainable tourism education' in Moscardo, G & Benckendorff, P (eds), Education for Sustainability in Tourism, Springer, Berlin.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Darcy, SA, Cameron, B & Schweinsberg, SC 2012, 'Accessible Tourism in Australia' in Buhalis, D, Darcy, S & Ambrose, I (eds), Best Practice in Accessible Tourism: Inclusion, Disability, Ageing Population and Tourism, Channel View Publications, United Kingdom, pp. 79-113.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Over recent years there has been an increasing body of work on the intersections between disability, ageing and tourism. This research aims to provide a review of the last 30 years of the Australian accessible tourism industry.
Darcy, SA, Ambrose, I, Schweinsberg, SC & Buhalis, D 2011, 'Conclusion: Universal Approaches to Accessible Tourism' in Buhalis, D & Darcy, S (eds), Accessible Tourism: Concepts and Issues, Channel View Publications, UK, pp. 300-316.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This book aimed to explore and document the current theoretical approaches, foundations and issues in the study of accessible tourism. As has already been alluded to in a number of chapters, the tourism industry interest in accessible tourism has accelerated in recent years as stakeholders wrestle with notions of accessibility, `tourism for all, and the way in which these ideas can be incorporated into business practices. What should become apparent from a reading of the chapters is that accessible tourism is by its very nature multifaceted, which is conceptualised through a range of diverse theoretical discourses and networks. Due to this, it would be hubris for us to suggest in the course of this concluding chapter that a book such as this can ever hope to offer a comprehensive appraisal of the scope of accessible tourism as a developing and dynamic field.
Schweinsberg, SC & Wearing, S 2013, 'Coal seam gas and its impacts on destination image assessment: An investigation of wine tourism in the Hunter Valley, NSW', Annual Conference of the Council for Australasian University Tourism and Hospitality Education, Informit, Lincoln, New Zealand.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This project investigates the impact that media coverage of Coal Seam Gas (CSG) exploration in the NSW Hunter Valley is having on tourist perception of the wine tourism industry. We argue that the inclusion of social values methodologies (specifically Personal Construct Theory based repertory grids) in destination image assessment may provide a structured approach for measuring tourist sense of place. In this paper we report on the rationales behind the study, as well as outlining the ways in which repertory grid methodologies are being used to measure the impact of coal seam gas on tourist's sense of place.
Schweinsberg, SC, Wearing & Darcy 2011, 'Exploring the use of repertory grids to examine the social impacts of tourism development in rural areas', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Research Centre (CCS) Social Impacts Conference, Sydney.
Wearing, McDonald, M & Schweinsberg, SC 2011, 'Colonial narratives/ cultural dialogues: The Palin effect in televisions transferal of otherness'', Australia and New Zealand Association of Leisure Studies 10th Biennial Conference, Australian and New Zealand Association for Leisure Studies, Dunedin, New Zealand.
The purpose of this paper is to explore how the narrator of travel shows/documentaries can possible
influences the attitudes and behaviour of pre‐trip tourists to host cultures. It use the lens of the theoretical
ideas of the 'Flaneur' and the 'Choraster' to enable a position to be constructed. Though the area of film and
television impact of on tourist behavior has been researched the examination of the impact of travel shows on
tourist culture is an under research area and yet its impact given the amount of television watched by
potential tourist is considerable. There seems to be lack of information regarding the impact of the type of
show to the resultant approach of the traveller to the destination culture often seen by the tourist as the
'other'. The travel television show which inspired the researchers to embark on this study was the narration of
the 'Himalaya' by Michael Palin. The researchers explored the series looking at Palin's role as a Flaneur in his
travels and how the idea of we will make the 'World British' is conveyed in the travel dialogue constructed
from his travel experiences. We take these experiences using qualitative approach and undertake a content
thematic analysis of the visual and dialogues that occur gathered from this show and compared with shows
where the approach is more inclusive of the destination population and culture.
Schweinsberg, SC, Wearing, SL & Darcy, SA 2007, 'Exploring community sustainability potential in nature based tourism: The far south coast nature tourism and recreation plan', Proceedings of the 17th Annual CAUTHE Conference, Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education annual conference, University of Technology, Sydney, Manly, Australia, pp. 1-13.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Often nature tourism development is viewed as a path to changing the economic industry base, security, and by implication towards creating community sustainability in rural areas. This paper argues that a sole focus on economic growth is too narrow a representation of the linkages between the tourism industry and host communities. It asserts that community sustainability is better seen as an integrating, encompassing concern for the cultural, social, economic and environmental sustainability potential of the community in a particular locality. The objectives of the 2004 Far South Coast Nature Tourism and Recreation Plan are presented as a means of illustrating the challenge in developing a sustainable future for Australian rural communities.
Schweinsberg, S.C. 2006, 'Applying governance principles to sustainability debates in Australia's rural forest sector', International Geography Union Conference, Brisbane, Australia.
Schweinsberg, S.C. 2006, 'Regional forest agreement as catalysts for change: Protected areas, rural communities, woodchips and nature tourism development', Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education annual conference, Melbourne, Australia.
Schweinsberg, S.C. 2005, 'TBL and I governance applying commonwealth government focussed land use objectives to local sustainability realities: the case of regional forest agreements', 7th Annual Crossdisciplinary Postgraduate Student Conference, 7th Annual Crossdisciplinary Postgraduate Student Conference, UTS, Sydney, Australia, pp. 13-14.
Griffin, T, Moore, S, Crilley, G, Darcy, SA & Schweinsberg, SC Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Council 2010, Protected Area Management: Collection and Use of Visitor Data. Volume 1: Summary and Recommendations, pp. 1-50, Brisbane.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The technical reports present data and its analysis, meta-studies and conceptual studies, and are considered to be of value to industry, government or other researchers. Unlike the Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centres (STCRCs) Monograph series, these reports have not been subjected to an external peer review process. As such, the scientific accuracy and merit of the research reported here is the responsibility of the authors, who should be contacted for clarification of any content. Author contact details are at the back of this report. The views and opinions of the authors expressed in the reports or by the authors if you contact them do not necessarily state or reflect those of the STCRC.
This report presents the composition of a generic park visitation survey instrument based on the core data variables that can be employed in multiple park level jurisdictions throughout Australia. Its focus is to identify the considerations for the future development of software-based solutions for data collection, aggregation, dissemination and reporting of park-based activity across the 14 protected area agencies.
Wearing, S.L., Schweinsberg, S.C., Faulkner, S. & Tumes, K. CRC for Sustainable Tourism Pty Ltd 2009, Understanding 'Track/Trail' Experiences in National Parks: A Review,, pp. 1-46, Australia (Gold Coast, Queensland).View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This desktop report aimed to draw attention to the various factors associated with track usage and visitor experience in national parks. A research classification spreadsheet was constructed in order to draw attention to the current state of academic research in this area. The main factors found to influence the track experience were congestion, interaction between trail user groups and environmental degradation. In addition to the classification of academic research this report also examined current management planning and visitor research conducted in three New South Wales national parks in order to provide examples of best practice that would be relevant to New South Wales stakeholders.
Edwards, DC, Griffin, T, Hayllar, BR, Dickson, T & Schweinsberg, SC CRC for Sustainable Tourism Pty Ltd. 2009, Understanding Tourism Experiences and Behaviour in Cities: An Australian Case Study, pp. 1-103, Gold Coast.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This study aims to enhance the understanding of tourist experiences and behaviour in urban destinations by analysing the spatial movements of tourists, identifying the key attributes they are seeking in urban destinations, determining how important these attributes are to their experiences, evaluating how two urban destinations performed in relation to these attributes, and assessing whether there are key differences between different types of visitors to urban destinations. The ultimate aim of this project is to inform and guide the future governance and improved functioning of urban tourism destinations by developing a better understanding of the tourist in such settings.
Wearing, Moscardo, G, Schweinsberg, SC & Archer, D 2007, Best Practice Interpretation Research for Sustainable Tourism: Framework for a New Research Agenda, CRC for Sustainable Tourism Pty Ltd, Australia (Gold Coast Queensland).