Simone joined the Institute for Sustainable Futures as a Research Consultant in 2017. She has a keen interest in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in international development, with a focus on gender and equity. Simone has over five years’ experience in the international non-governmental sector as a practitioner, advisor and researcher, with a primary focus on the sub-Saharan and South East Asian regions. During this time, Simone gained international development expertise in the areas of health system strengthening, community based approaches to development, as well as monitoring, evaluation and learning approaches within development programming. Simone has a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Sydney, majoring in international relations and government studies and a Masters of Science in Population Studies, graduated Cum Laude, from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands.
- Inclusive water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
- Health System Strengthening in developing country contexts
- Results Based Financing
- Community based approaches to development
- Behaviour change for health outcomes
Grant, M, Soeters, S, Bunthoeun, IV & Willetts, J 2019, 'Rural piped-water enterprises in Cambodia: A pathway to women's empowerment?', Water (Switzerland), vol. 11, no. 12.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. This research examined the extent to which women's ownership and management of water supply schemes led to their empowerment, including their economic empowerment, in rural Cambodia. Privately managed water supply schemes in rural Cambodia serve over one million people. This study is the first of its kind to systematically investigate the experiences and needs of female water supply scheme owners, using well-established theoretical frameworks for women's empowerment, namely Longwe's stages of empowerment, and Rowlands, VeneKlasen and Miller's elaboration on different types of power. Business management frameworks relevant to the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector were also drawn on to assess operational constraints and enablers. Fifteen structured interviews were conducted with female water entrepreneurs in rural Cambodia. Female entrepreneurs reported encountering four key barriers to establishing and managing water supply schemes. The first were operational, and government and regulatory related issues, followed by financial issues and limited demand for water services. Three important enablers were reported by entrepreneurs: social enablers, economic enablers and program support from government, associations and non-government organisations (NGOs). This study found that, whilst there was evidence of empowerment reported by female water enterprise owners, the complexity of the ongoing empowerment process, challenges and limitations were also observed. Women's empowerment can be advanced through leadership of, and involvement in water enterprises, as evidenced by this study, however, gender norms constrained women, especially with respect to mobility (leaving the home for extended periods), and household and family duties impacting on income-generating work or vice versa. As such, targeted strategies are needed by a range of actors to address such constraints. The findings of this study can assist NGOs, donors and governments ince...