Shah, S & Goyal, M 2019, 'Anomaly Detection in Social Media Using Recurrent Neural Network', Computational Science – ICCS 2019 (LNCS), International Conference on Computational Science, Springer, Faro, Portugal, pp. 74-83.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In today's information environment there is an increasing reliance on online and social media in the acquisition, dissemination and consumption of news. Specifically, the utilization of social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter has increased as a cutting edge medium for breaking news. On the other hand, the low cost, easy access and rapid propagation of news through social media makes the platform more sensitive to fake and anomalous reporting. The propagation of fake and anomalous news is not some benign exercise. The extensive spread of fake news has the potential to do serious and real damage to individuals and society. As a result, the detection of fake news in social media has become a vibrant and important field of research. In this paper, a novel application of machine learning approaches to the detection and classification of fake and anomalous data are considered. An initial clustering step with the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) algorithm is proposed before training the result with a Recurrent Neural Network (RNN). The results of a preliminary application of the KNN phase before the RNN phase produces a quantitative and measureable improvement in the detection of outliers, and as such is more effective in detecting anomalies or outliers against the test dataset of 2016 US Presidential Election predictions.