Ulapane, N, Wickramanayake, S & Kodagoda, S 2019, 'Pulsed Eddy Current Sensing for Condition Assessment of Reinforced Concrete', 14th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, China.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Thiyagarajan, K, Kodagoda, S, Nguyen, LV & Wickramanayake, S 2018, 'Gaussian Markov Random Fields for Localizing Reinforcing Bars in Concrete Infrastructure', International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, Germany, pp. 1052-1052.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Sensor technologies play a significant role in monitoring the health conditions of urban sewer assets. Currently, the concrete sewer systems are undergoing corrosion due to bacterial activities on the concrete surfaces. Therefore, water utilities use predictive models to estimate the corrosion by using observations such as relative humidity or surface moisture conditions. Surface moisture conditions can be estimated by electrical resistivity based moisture sensing. However, the measurements of such sensors are influenced by the proximal presence of reinforcing bars. To mitigate such effects, the moisture sensor needs to be optimally oriented on the concrete surface. This paper focuses on developing a machine learning model for localizing the reinforcing bars inside the concrete through non-invasive measurements. This work utilizes a resistivity meter that works based on the Wenner technique to obtain electrical measurements on the concrete sample by taking measurements at different angles. Then, the measured data is fed to a Gaussian Markov Random Fields based spatial prediction model. The spatial prediction outcome of the proposed model demonstrated the feasibility of localizing the reinforcing bars with reasonable accuracy for the measurements taken at different angles. This information is vital for decision-making while deploying the moisture sensors in sewer systems.