© Sarah Redshaw 2008. It has long been accepted that the social and cultural meanings of the car far exceed the practical need for mobility. This book marks the first attempt to contribute to road safety, considering, in depth, these meanings and the cultures of driving that are shaped by them. In the Company of Cars examines the perspectives that young people have on cars, and explores the broader social and cultural meanings of the car, the potential it is supposed to fulfil, and the anticipated benefits it offers to young drivers. From focus-group research conducted in Australia, the book takes up the views of young people on a range of topics, from media to car use to gender performance. The author looks at the ways in which driving has been defined by articulations of the car that emphasize valued features of the car-driver, such as gender, youthfulness, status, age, power, raciness, sexiness, ruggedness and competitiveness. The book takes a global perspective on mobility, considering the impact of cars and road safety policy on quality of life, and the value and significance of other modes of travel, in a range of countries.
Redshaw, S 2008, In the company of cars: Driving as a social and cultural practice.
Road safety research has traditionally involved a focus on individuals in which social norms are considered but rarely discussed in detail. Outlining the existing body of research on young drivers in particular, In the Company of Cars shows the contribution that considering road safety from a social and cultural perspective could make to the reduction of death and injury on the roads. It highlights the involvement of driving cultures, as distinct from car cultures, in the social framing of cars and the ways in which they are utilised. © Sarah Redshaw 2008. All rights reserved.
Redshaw, S 2018, 'Combustion, hydraulic, and other forms of masculinity: An essay exploring dominant values and representations of the driver in driverless technology', Transfers, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 86-103.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© Transfers. This article presents two representations of masculinity based on media images found in television and online promotion related to motor vehicles. The dominant image in much advertising is the bursting, thrusting power of what I refer to as "combustion" masculinity, identified as active engagement and connected with significant road trauma. The less visible, fluid power found in professional driving that I refer to as "hydraulic" masculinity draws on precision and awareness of the surroundings rather than aggressive force. Social analysis of electric and driverless vehicle promotion and media discussion indicate that moving to electric and fully automated driving requires overcoming the essential contradiction of combustion power, as it is associated with cars and freedom. Alternative modes and images of being mobile must be highlighted in order to challenge the combustion image. Fundamentally, activity should be ascribed to all mobile persons, and policy and mobility systems should be designed to maximize mobility for all.
Redshaw, S, Ingham, V, McCutcheon, M, Hicks, J & Burmeister, O 2018, 'Assessing the impact of vulnerability on perceptions of social cohesion in the context of community resilience to disaster in the Blue Mountains.', Australian Journal of Rural Health, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 14-19.View/Download from: Publisher's site
To assess the impact of network communications, community participation and elements of vulnerability on the perception of social cohesiveness in the Blue Mountains local government area (Blue Mountains LGA).A questionnaire was administered to residents of the Blue Mountains LGA. Econometric analysis of the resulting data was undertaken.Blue Mountains LGA, Australia.One thousand one hundred and three residents of the Blue Mountains LGA responded to the questionnaire.The responses enabled the construction of variables measuring individual perceptions of community cohesiveness, their network communications and community participation. Demographic data and data on the vulnerabilities of individuals were also collected.The data were used in an econometric model which identified that network communications and community participation impacted positively on perceptions of social cohesiveness while vulnerability factors had a negative impact.Remedial action to build community cohesiveness and network communications can be expected to have a positive impact on social cohesiveness. In developing strategies to build community cohesiveness and network communication, particular care needs to be taken to ensure the inclusion of those members of society who are regarded as the most vulnerable.
Redshaw, SJ & Ingham, V 2018, ''Neighbourhood is if they come out and talk to you': neighbourly connections and bonding social capital as weak or strong ties', Journal of Sociology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 557-573.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Neighbourly relations have been theorised as 'friendly distance' in contrast to connections which are theorised as strong or intensive ties. The article explores the neighbourly relationships between residents of a peri-urban regional area outside Sydney in Australia. Strong interview themes emerged regarding the ways in which residents who were well connected within their locality talked about their neighbours, and this was in direct contrast to those living with a chronic condition – these people expressed a lack of connection with their neighbours. The major theme, 'not in each other's pockets' reflects the negotiated nature of neighbour interactions, while the theme 'neighbourhood is if they come out and talk to you' speaks of isolation. The interactions of neighbours may in many cases constitute bonding capital as important weak or casual ties. These may not be available to the chronically ill or socially isolated or adequate without linking and bridging capital.
Kendall, S, Redshaw, S, Ward, S, Wayland, S & Sullivan, E 2018, 'Systematic review of qualitative evaluations of reentry programs addressing problematic drug use and mental health disorders amongst people transitioning from prison to communities.', Health & justice, vol. 6.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The paper presents a systematic review and metasynthesis of findings from qualitative evaluations of community reentry programs. The programs sought to engage recently released adult prison inmates with either problematic drug use or a mental health disorder.Seven biomedical and social science databases, Cinahl, Pubmed, Scopus, Proquest, Medline, Sociological abstracts and Web of Science and publisher database Taylor and Francis were searched in 2016 resulting in 2373 potential papers. Abstract reviews left 140 papers of which 8 were included after detailed review. Major themes and subthemes were identified through grounded theory inductive analysis of results from the eight papers. Of the final eight papers the majority (6) were from the United States. In total, the papers covered 405 interviews and included 121 (30%) females and 284 (70%) males.Findings suggest that the interpersonal skills of case workers; access to social support and housing; and continuity of case worker relationships throughout the pre-release and post-release period are key social and structural factors in program success.Evaluation of community reentry programs requires qualitative data to contextualize statistical findings and identify social and structural factors that impact on reducing incarceration and improving participant health. These aspects of program efficacy have implications for reentry program development and staff training and broader social and health policy and services.
Ingham, V & Redshaw, S 2017, 'Connecting community organisations for disaster preparedness', International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 52-64.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 WIT Press. After fires swept through the lower Blue Mountains of NSW in October 2013 and destroyed over 200 homes, a research project was initiated and titled 'Community Connections: Vulnerability and Resilience within the Blue Mountains'. Reported in this article are the results of eight in-depth interviews conducted with local community leaders. They were asked to reflect on their leadership experiences before, during and after the fires. The research clearly demonstrates that prior to the fires there were no formal connections between local emergency services and local community organisations. Each had limited knowledge of the other in terms of skills, capacities, scope and available resources. This article will elaborate on the lessons learned by the community leaders interviewed. Just as collaborative bonds were finally being formed and combined initiatives had begun to bear solid results – reflected in higher levels of householder disaster preparedness, recovery funding ran out. This article highlights the lessons learned, and includes the importance of maintaining a formalised and continuous connection between emergency services and community organisations. The research recommends that disaster preparedness be embraced as a part of 'core business' by community organisations, and that multi-stakeholder connections be forged and strengthened through collaborative community engagement initiatives at the level of local disaster planning and preparation. Both recommendations contribute to the paradigm shift anticipated by Australia's 'National Strategy for Disaster Resilience'.
Redshaw, S, Ingham, APV, Hicks, PJ & Millynn, J 2017, 'Emergency preparedness through community sector engagement in the Blue Mountains', Australian Journal of Emergency Management, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 35-40.
There is an expectation that communities exposed to potential disaster events will make preparations for themselves (COAG 2011). However, communities are frequently underprepared for the onset and results of disaster and a default response is to rely on emergency services organisations. This reliance is exacerbated by the presence within communities of highly vulnerable individuals who, because of age, infirmity or isolation, require additional levels of assistance by responders. Partnerships between community organisations and emergency services organisations can build preparedness by using programs that increase emergency response awareness. This paper provides a study of two partnership programs established by the community and emergency services sectors in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales. These programs successfully raised the level of emergency preparedness and community resilience to disasters.
Redshaw, SJ & Ingham, V 2017, 'Vulnerable voices on fire preparedness: Policy implications for emergency and community services collaboration', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 313-330.View/Download from: Publisher's site
An investigation of household preparedness and community connections was undertaken in the NSW Blue Mountains. The research employed a qualitative approach. Upon receiving ethical approval, interviews and focus groups with a total of 31 vulnerable residents were recorded and transcribed. Data analysis included the manual coding of individual transcripts and key word queries entered into NVivo 10. Fire planning for community resilience within Australia focusses on property preparation and an emergency warning system designed to assist the evacuation decisions of residents. In this article, we report on vulnerable residents and their preparedness for the October 2013 bushfires. Our findings demonstrate that the vulnerable people interviewed did not consider property preservation as a priority, and their knowledge and engagement with the warning system and evacuation procedures was limited. Of practical value, the research found local community services and emergency planning committees should collaboratively plan for vulnerable community members who are unable to take a very active role in preparing themselves or their dependents to face a bushfire or similar disaster. In addition, preparedness and warning communications should be devised and targeted to more clearly assist vulnerable people during the lead up to, and in the midst of, a disaster.
Khanna, S, Finlay, JK, Jatana, V, Gouffe, AM & Redshaw, S 2016, 'The Impact of Observed Trauma on Parents in a PICU*', PEDIATRIC CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. E154-E158.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Meert, KL & Eggly, S 2016, 'Observed Trauma in the PICU and Parental Meaning Making', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 375-376.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Redshaw, S, Ingham, V & Loftus, S 2015, 'Emergency decision making: An exploration of tensions between communities of practice', International Journal of Emergency Management, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 62-75.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Through the lens of 'communities of practice' (Wenger, 2000) we examined decision-making boundaries and tensions in multiagency settings. Sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with operational decision makers from services across Australia. Data analysis was contextual and narrative, focusing on meanings signifying cultures and practices. Results indicate that protocols and guidelines which provide boundaries for a community of practice, could at times become an obstacle. Participants reported difficulties in sharing a 'common level of understanding' and 'getting the bigger picture'. The strongest theme was the importance placed on building relationships between services prior to emergency events. We found capability of multiagency decision making is enhanced when informal multiagency networks are already in place. These networks contribute to building a shared understanding. We propose that multiagency communities of practice could be enhanced if services increased their level of formal multiagency engagement and promoted the informal multiagency networking of their members and teams.
Redshaw, S 2014, 'Investigating the lack of social context in car television advertising', ROAD & TRANSPORT RESEARCH, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 44-50.
Redshaw, S 2014, ''She's done two and that's harsh': The agency of infants with congenital conditions as invoked through parent narratives', HEALTH SOCIOLOGY REVIEW, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 125-135.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Redshaw, S, Harrison, K, Johnson, A & Chang, E 2013, 'Community nurses' perceptions of providing bereavement care', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING PRACTICE, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 344-350.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Dengler, KA, Wilson, V, Redshaw, S & Scarfe, G 2012, 'Appreciation of a Child's Journey: Implementation of a Cardiac Action Research Project.', Nursing Research and Practice, vol. 2012, pp. 1-7.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the phases of the action research process involved in developing, implementing, and evaluating the Heart Beads program. The aim of the project is to enrich the hospital experience of children with cardiac conditions. Heart Beads involves children receiving unique beads specific to each cardiac treatment, procedure or event in recognition of their experiences, and endurance. An action research approach, involving a partnership between clinicians and researchers and emphasising the involvement of patients and their families, was used to guide the Heart Beads program. The project followed the five phases of action research: identification, investigation, program development, implementation, and evaluation. Heart Beads began as a small project which continues to grow in popularity and significance with children at a tertiary paediatric hospital in Sydney, Australia. The program is now being implemented nationwide with the vision that all Australian children hospitalised with cardiac conditions can benefit from Heart Beads.
Redshaw, S & Wilson, V 2012, 'Sibling involvement in childhood chronic heart disease through a bead program', Journal of Child Health Care, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 53-61.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In interviews with parents for the evaluation of a cardiac ward programme in a childrens hospital, a number of parents mentioned the role of the Heart Beads Program in including siblings in the hospitalisation of the child with congenital heart condition (CHD). Inclusion of siblings in the events surrounding the child with the cardiac condition was of two kinds: (a) touching and explaining about the beads and the childs condition and (b) involvement in collecting and threading the beads. Discussion of the needs of siblings suggests that inclusion of siblings in activities related to the care and understanding of the CHD child as well as the creation and shaping of the family narrative is important. These cases illustrate the different ways in which siblings are involved and acknowledged and how involvement can be facilitated by a programme like Heart Beads.
Scarfe, G, Redshaw, S, Wilson, V & Dengler, KA 2012, 'Heart to heart: a programme for children on a cardiac ward', British Journal of Nursing, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 108-114.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper presents three research case studies of children who have had surgery for a cardiac condition and discusses the experiences of the children and their families through their responses to the Heart Beads programme, as well as the insights gained by staff. The Children's Hospital at Westmead has a significant population of children with cardiac conditions. For many of these, diagnosis signals the beginning of a long, arduous journey with multiple procedures and admissions. The hospital has a family-centred care focus, and the cardiac ward undertook a project to implement and progress changes consistent with this approach. Staff developed the Heart Beads programme to enhance the care of children being treated for cardiac conditions. The programme involves children receiving distinct beads specific to each cardiac procedure, treatment, or event in recognition of their experience. A total of 7 staff members and 11 families were interviewed and particular stories were noted by staff. The case studies presented illustrated how nursing staff were able to recognize potential improvements to care and acknowledge the experiences of patients and families. Assumptions questioned as a result of the programme related to the complexity of the child's condition and gender. The death of a child and the acknowledgement of the child's life is also considered. Heart Beads allowed staff to reflect on the positive aspects of the care they provided
From July 2008 through June 2009, 760 infants and children with cardiac conditions were admitted to a pediatric hospital in Australia with approximately 360 cardiac surgical procedures performed. This was the first experience in hospital for many of these children, with diagnoses signaling the beginning of a long and arduous journey. These children undergo multiple treatments and procedures, as well as multiple admissions for further surgeries. Procedures in any regard can cause stress and anxiety, especially in children who often have limited understanding and so little control over what happens to them (Lau, 2002).
Redshaw, S, Wilson, V, Scarfe, G & Dengler, KA 2011, 'Narratives of the heart: telling the story of children with a cardiac condition through a bead program', Journal Of Clinical Nursing, vol. 20, no. 19-20, pp. 2802-2811.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Aims. To present and discuss the significance of a bead program in assisting families to put together the story of a childâs journey through cardiac intervention. The main focus of the article is the importance to families of developing a narrative in making sense of the experience of discovering their child has a cardiac condition and how this is enhanced by the bead program. Background. The Heart Beads Program involved giving families beads related to procedures and processes the children undergo while they are in hospital. Research on narratives related to illness suggests that forming a narrative that incorporates the health condition facilitates the ability to talk about these experiences and helps to make sense of and deal with the stressors related to such traumatic life events. Design. A qualitative methodology was used to evaluate the program employing semi-structured interviews and content analysis following a grounded theory approach. Methods. Interviews were undertaken with 11 families to highlight their experiences of being involved in the Heart Beads Program. Themes were identified from the interviews and critical discussion was used to structure and connect the themes. Results. The major theme that emerged from the analysis of the interviews was the importance of the beads in enabling the telling of the childâs story. Five subthemes were identified in this theme: symbolism, encouraging/uplifting, acknowledgement, connection with others and imagining the future. The themes are outlined and expressed through specific comments from interviews. Conclusions. The Heart Beads are seen as presenting a significant way for children and families to comprehend their time in hospital as part of the childâs life story. Relevance to clinical practice. The program can offer the opportunity for health care professionals to relate to the child and familyâs story and to engage with that story in a person centred way.
Redshaw, S & Nicoll, F 2010, 'Gambling Drivers: Regulating Cultural Technologies, Subjects, Spaces And Practices Of Mobility', Mobilities, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 409-430.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In this article, we analyse intersections between gambling and driving as everyday cultural practices of mobility. Building on Nikolas Rose's argument that subjects in post-industrial democratic societies are governed through appeals to 'freedom' rather
Drawing on a number of sources, including social and cultural accounts of mobility, such as those of Sheller and Urry and by Zygmunt Bauman, car advertising, and focus group discussions with young drivers, the violence of the car and its shaping influence in contemporary life are considered through an application of the idea of articulation from Grossberg. Highlighting articulations of the car, particularly the dominant articulations of racing and rally driving evident in particular types of advertising, allows an examination of the destructive potential of particular driving cultures and also illustrates the meanings inscribed into the car, thus challenging its apparent neutrality. The racing articulations are connected to aggressive, competitive styles of driving, extending into competitive social relations and implicating an emphasis on aggressive individualism. There has been some dialogue in the road safety community about what counts as aggressive behaviour but these discussions often do not take into account the innate violence of the car itself and tend to consider only extreme behaviours as aggressive. The forms of self-control that arise in relation to the dominant articulations and the desires appealed to in advertising are sketched. Focus group responses to two car advertisements emphasising social competition and extreme thrill-seeking are discussed.
Redshaw, S 2004, 'Young people's ideas on speed', Road and Transport Research, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 51-62.
The paper discusses the views of three groups of young people who participated in focus groups as part of a local council speed prevention initiative. The young people's ideas on speed and what they regard as speeding are discussed. These young people value speed as a way of 'saving time', as something they feel comfortable with and adequate to handle. They express impatience with 'slow' drivers. Slow drivers were a bigger issue for them than speeding in itself. As with the general community, for some, 10-20 km/h above the limit is considered normal and not regarded as speeding. Speeding is related by them to extreme speeds of 40 km/h and more over the speed limit. They are consequently less aware of the impact of even 5-10 km/h over the speed limit. The focus on speed as thrill seeking, it is argued, displaces the practical issues of speed in urban environments. Young people's relationship with speed is an aspect of driving culture and behaviour that requires attention to more specific driving contexts.
This article describes the Driving Cultures research, the cultural importance of the car and the psychological approaches central to research in the field of road safety and investigations of the over–representation of young people in crashes. The aim of the article is to outline driving as a cultural practice drawing on the experiences of young people as described in focus groups in order to show how cultural research can contribute to a social concern such as traffic injury and death.
Redshaw, SJ 2017, 'Mobile my spaces: Home in cars, working vehicles and contrasting dwelling for backpackers in campervans and homeless car sleepers' in Vasta, E & LLOYD, J (eds), Re-imagining Home in the 21st Century, Edward Elgar Publishing, UK, pp. 87-101.
Redshaw, SJ 2013, 'Feminist Preludes to Relational Sociology' in Powell, C & Dépelteau, F (eds), Conceptualizing Relational Sociology Ontological and Theoretical Issues, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp. 13-26.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Feminists have critiqued many of the dichotomies in Western thought such as nature and culture, mind and body, emotion and reason, public and private, and developed critiques of central notions such as individualism and abstract generalization. In this chapter, Nancy Chodorow's relational individualism, Benhabib's generalized and concrete other and Gilligan's "different voice" are discussed, and their relevance to Crossley's relational sociology is highlighted.
Redshaw, SJ 2006, 'Acceleration: The Limits of Speed' in McNaughton, H & Lam, A (eds), The Reinvention of Everyday Life: Culture in the Twenty-first Century, University of Canterbury Press, Christchurch.
Redshaw, SJ 2004, 'The Uses of Knowledge: Collaboration, Commercialization, and the Driving Cultures Project' in Kenway, J, Bullen, E & Robb, S (eds), Innovation and Tradition: Arts, Humanities and the Knowledge Economy, Peter Lang, New York.