Palesy, D & Jakimowicz, S 2020, 'Health literacy support for Australian home-based care recipients: A role for homecare workers?', Home Health Care Services Quarterly, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 17-32.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Clear links have been established between low health literacy (HL) levels and poor health outcomes. One means of improvement may be found in the rapidly growing paid home care workforce, whose direct and frequent contact with aged/disabled care recipients positions them to provide HL support. This study examines Australian homecare worker (HCW) experiences in HL when providing assistance to their care recipients. A self-reported cross-sectional survey collected data from 75 HCWs. They reported concerns about their clients' HL, yet were cautious about providing support in this area. HL levels of the HCWs themselves were unconvincing, and the majority requested targeted education and training. Further research is needed into HL levels of both HCWs and care recipients, client demographics, the types of HL support being requested of HCWs, a more detailed scoping of the HCW role, and the curriculum and pedagogies which may comprise a HL education and training program for HCWs.
Reid-Searl, K, Levett-Jones, T, Lapkin, S, Jakimowicz, S, Hunter, J & Rawlings-Anderson, K 2020, 'Evaluation of the 'Empathic Care of a Vulnerable Older Person' e-simulation.', Nurse education today, vol. 88, p. 104375.View/Download from: Publisher's site
BACKGROUND:Healthcare reports have identified that the nursing care provided to frail older people is sometimes indifferent, unkind, and lacking in empathy. Compelling research indicates that these types of healthcare interactions can result in both emotional and physiological harm. Thus, there is a need for authentic learning experiences that enhance nursing students' empathy towards older people and that they can reflect upon, learn from and transfer to their real-world practice. e-Simulations provide a pragmatic way of addressing this need. AIM:The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an 'Empathic Care of a Vulnerable Older Person' e-simulation on nursing students' empathy levels. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:A convenience sample of first year nursing students from one university in the United Kingdom and two Australian universities was recruited for the study. DESIGN AND ANALYSIS:A three-group pre-post study was conducted using the Comprehensive State Empathy Scale to evaluate the impact of the effectiveness of the e-simulation. Sample characteristics were summarised using descriptive statistics. Dependent t-tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to compare the changes in empathy scores pre post and differences between groups. RESULTS:A total of 684 nursing students participated in the study; their average age was 23 years. Overall, there was a significant increase in empathy scores from pre-test to post-test. Post-hoc comparison of the three groups indicated that the e-simulation had a greater impact on the empathy levels of participants from Universities 2 and 3, compared to those from University 1. CONCLUSION:e-Simulations using narrative methodologies that cater for learners' emotional memory appear to be an effective approach for enhancing empathy towards older people. However, further studies are needed to explore how this learning activity might inform and influence learners' future clinical practice.
Palesy, D & Jakimowicz, S 2019, 'Health literacy training for Australian home care workers: Enablers and barriers.', Home health care services quarterly, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 80-95.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
The rapidly expanding Australian home care workforce represents an untapped resource for improving health literacy (HL) and health outcomes of their clients. Nine home care workers (HCWs) were interviewed for this study to gain data around their experiences of providing HL support to their clients, key HL needs and priorities, and training that would best these needs. Findings indicate that HCWs are providing HL support, and identify a number of enablers and barriers to providing this support. Core inclusions for a HL training checklist are suggested. Implications for future research are considered.
Jakimowicz, S, Perry, L & Lewis, J 2018, 'Compassion satisfaction and fatigue: A cross-sectional survey of Australian intensive care nurses.', Australian Critical Care, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 396-405.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue influence nurses' intention to stay or leave nursing. Identification of compassion satisfaction or fatigue in critical care nurses is important in this high turnover workforce.The aim of this study was to examine factors predicting and contributing to compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue experienced by critical care nurses in Australian intensive care units.A self-reported cross-sectional survey using an established tool collected data from critical care nurses of two adult Australian intensive care units.Overall, these critical care nurses reported what Professional Quality of Life Scale guidelines designated as 'average' levels of compassion satisfaction and burnout, and 'low' levels of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS). Compared to Site B, nurses at Site A had significantly higher compassion satisfaction (p=0.008) and lower STS scores (p=0.025), with site significantly predictive for compassion satisfaction (p<0.024) and STS (p<0.002). Nurses with postgraduate qualifications had significantly higher compassion satisfaction scores (p=0.027), and compassion satisfaction significantly increased with increasing duration of practice (p=0.042) as a nurse and in their current ICU (p=0.038). Burnout scores significantly reduced with increasing age, years of tenure and practice; burnout was predicted by lower years of tenure (p<0.016).These critical care nurses revealed profiles that, whilst not in crisis, fell short of the ideal high compassion satisfaction and moderate/low fatigue. More recent tenure flags those potentially at higher risk of compassion fatigue, whilst the better scores associated with postgraduate education and from one site need further exploration. Further research should develop understanding and interventions to enhance compassion satisfaction and support retention of this crucial nursing workforce.
Jakimowicz, S, Perry, L & Lewis, J 2018, 'Insights on compassion and patient-centred nursing in intensive care: A constructivist grounded theory.', Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 27, no. 7-8, pp. 1599-1611.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
To explore patient-centred nursing, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue from intensive care nurses' perspectives.Compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue can influence critical care nurses' decisions to either continue or leave the profession, and could impact the compassionate patient-centred nursing care patients receive during their ICU admission.This qualitative research design was informed by Charmaz's Grounded Theory Constructivist methodology.In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 critical care nurses of two ICUs in Australia during 2016. Interview data were analysed using grounded theory processes.Findings reflected positive and negative impacts on critical care nurses' ability to deal compassionately with their patients. Effects on patient-centred nursing and critical care nurses' own well-being were revealed. A core category of "Expectations" emerged, explaining the tension between critical care nurses' biomedical, clinical skills and knowledge versus compassionate, patient-centred nursing care. This tension was clarified and expanded in subcategories of "Life in the Balance," "Passion and Pressure," "Understanding and Advocacy" and "Tenacity and Fragility".Providing patient-centred nursing may enhance critical care nurses' experience of compassion satisfaction, in turn impacting delivery of compassionate patient-centred nursing to generate a virtuous circle. Critical care nurses who feel respected and supported by their management team and colleagues experience feelings of compassion satisfaction, leading to greater engagement and care towards their patient.Systematically addressing critical care nurses' needs to successfully balance biomedical with compassionate nursing care may lead to greater well-being in the critical care nursing workforce and improve patient experience of intensive care.
Palesy, DL, Jakimowicz, S, Saunders, C & Lewis, J 2018, 'Australian Home Care Work: an Integrative Review', Home Health Care Services Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 113-139.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
The home care sector comprises one of Australia’s fastest growing workforces, yet few papers capture the overall landscape of Australian home care. This integrative review investigates home care work with the aim of better understanding care recipients and their needs, funding and regulation, care worker skills, tasks, demographics, employment conditions and training needs. Over 2,700 pieces of literature were analysed to inform this review. Results suggest sector fragmentation and a home care workforce who, although well placed to improve outcomes for care recipients, are in need of better training and employment support. Suggestions for future research regarding Australian home care include studies that combine both aged and disability aspects of care, more research around care recipients, priority needs and strategies for addressing them, and how best to prepare home care workers for their roles.
Levett-Jones, T, Govind, N, Pich, J, Hoffman, K, Lapkin, S, Tertiary, GC, Jeong, SY-S, Noble, D, Maclellan, L, Norton, C, Robinson-Reilly, M & Jakimowicz, S 2018, 'Exploring Nursing Students' Perspectives of a Novel Point-of-View Disability Simulation', CLINICAL SIMULATION IN NURSING, vol. 18, pp. 28-37.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Jakimowicz, S, Perry, L & Lewis, J 2017, 'An integrative review of supports, facilitators and barriers to patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit', JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, vol. 26, no. 23-24, pp. 4153-4171.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Jakimowicz, S & Perry, L 2015, 'A concept analysis of patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit', Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 71, no. 7, pp. 1499-1517.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Aim To report an analysis of the concept of patient-centred nursing in the context of intensive care. Background Clarification of patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit is important because consensus definition of this concept is lacking. The severely compromised physiological state of these people and the sequelae of this differentiate patient-centred nursing in intensive care from that occurring in other hospital settings. While the broad concept has been analysed, it has not been examined in the context of intensive care. Design Concept analysis. Data sources CINAHL, PsycINFO, Medline and PubMed databases (2000–2014) were searched. Peer-reviewed papers were identified and reference lists of relevant articles searched. Methods Walker and Avant's eight-stage approach was used. Results Patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit incorporates antecedents of a physiologically compromised patient requiring biomedical intervention, a professional and competent nurse and organizational support. The concept's defining attributes entail maintenance of patient identity by a compassionate and professional nurse exercising biomedical expertise. Consequences include patient satisfaction, positive patient experience, nurse job satisfaction and better nurse workforce retention. Conclusion Patient-centred nursing in intensive care is differentiated from other healthcare areas by the particular characteristics of critically ill patients, the critical care environment and the challenging bio-psycho-social demands made on intensive care nurses. Effective patient-centred nursing in this environment promotes beneficial outcomes for patients, nurses and healthcare service. Decision-makers and policymakers should support critical care nurses in this challenging role, to maintain delivery of patient-centred nursing and grow an effective nursing workforce.
Jakimowicz, S, Stirling, C & Duddle, M 2015, 'An investigation of factors that impact patients' subjective experience of nurse-led clinics: a qualitative systematic review.', Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 24, no. 1/2, pp. 19-33.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Aims and objectives To systematically review the qualitative evidence on factors that affect the experience of patients attending nurse-led clinics and compare with key elements of person-centred care. Background As the number of nurse-led clinics increases in response to health system needs, evaluation has focused on clinical outcomes and cost. Patient experiences are less researched and yet, they are an important influence on clinical outcomes and an indicator of person-centred care. A detailed review of existing research in this area is needed. Design A systematic review of primary, qualitative literature was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology of meta-aggregation. Methods Published research from 1990-2012 was located using CINAHL, PubMed, Medline and Psyc INFO. Reference lists were searched and analysed. Two reviewers assessed the papers for methodological quality using instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute to critically appraise, extract data and meta-aggregate findings. Results Eleven studies met all inclusion criteria. Three meta-synthesis statements were derived from 46 findings aggregated to nine categories. The key themes relating to establishment of a therapeutic relationship, effective communication, and clinical skills and collaboration mapped closely to the person-centred care framework. Conclusion Concepts central to person-centred care proved to be factors impacting patients' subjective experience. Further research is warranted to meet the challenge to transform the key concepts of the person-centred care model into everyday nursing practice. Relevance to clinical practice Knowledge of patients' feelings and the importance of person-centred, individualised care may contribute to development of future training and re-training programs in basic nursing skills. This is significant in that it contributes to future positive patient experience.