Jakimowicz, S, Perry, L & Lewis, J 2018, 'Compassion satisfaction and fatigue: A cross-sectional survey of Australian intensive care nurses.', Australian Critical Care, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 396-405.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue influence nurses' intention to stay or leave nursing. Identification of compassion satisfaction or fatigue in critical care nurses is important in this high turnover workforce.The aim of this study was to examine factors predicting and contributing to compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue experienced by critical care nurses in Australian intensive care units.A self-reported cross-sectional survey using an established tool collected data from critical care nurses of two adult Australian intensive care units.Overall, these critical care nurses reported what Professional Quality of Life Scale guidelines designated as 'average' levels of compassion satisfaction and burnout, and 'low' levels of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS). Compared to Site B, nurses at Site A had significantly higher compassion satisfaction (p=0.008) and lower STS scores (p=0.025), with site significantly predictive for compassion satisfaction (p<0.024) and STS (p<0.002). Nurses with postgraduate qualifications had significantly higher compassion satisfaction scores (p=0.027), and compassion satisfaction significantly increased with increasing duration of practice (p=0.042) as a nurse and in their current ICU (p=0.038). Burnout scores significantly reduced with increasing age, years of tenure and practice; burnout was predicted by lower years of tenure (p<0.016).These critical care nurses revealed profiles that, whilst not in crisis, fell short of the ideal high compassion satisfaction and moderate/low fatigue. More recent tenure flags those potentially at higher risk of compassion fatigue, whilst the better scores associated with postgraduate education and from one site need further exploration. Further research should develop understanding and interventions to enhance compassion satisfaction and support retention of this crucial nursing workforce.
Jakimowicz, S, Perry, L & Lewis, J 2018, 'Insights on compassion and patient-centred nursing in intensive care: A constructivist grounded theory.', Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 27, no. 7-8, pp. 1599-1611.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
To explore patient-centred nursing, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue from intensive care nurses' perspectives.Compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue can influence critical care nurses' decisions to either continue or leave the profession, and could impact the compassionate patient-centred nursing care patients receive during their ICU admission.This qualitative research design was informed by Charmaz's Grounded Theory Constructivist methodology.In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 critical care nurses of two ICUs in Australia during 2016. Interview data were analysed using grounded theory processes.Findings reflected positive and negative impacts on critical care nurses' ability to deal compassionately with their patients. Effects on patient-centred nursing and critical care nurses' own well-being were revealed. A core category of "Expectations" emerged, explaining the tension between critical care nurses' biomedical, clinical skills and knowledge versus compassionate, patient-centred nursing care. This tension was clarified and expanded in subcategories of "Life in the Balance," "Passion and Pressure," "Understanding and Advocacy" and "Tenacity and Fragility".Providing patient-centred nursing may enhance critical care nurses' experience of compassion satisfaction, in turn impacting delivery of compassionate patient-centred nursing to generate a virtuous circle. Critical care nurses who feel respected and supported by their management team and colleagues experience feelings of compassion satisfaction, leading to greater engagement and care towards their patient.Systematically addressing critical care nurses' needs to successfully balance biomedical with compassionate nursing care may lead to greater well-being in the critical care nursing workforce and improve patient experience of intensive care.
Palesy, DL, Jakimowicz, S, Saunders, C & Lewis, J 2018, 'Australian Home Care Work: an Integrative Review', Home Health Care Services Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 113-139.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
The home care sector comprises one of Australia's fastest growing workforces, yet few papers capture the overall landscape of Australian home care. This integrative review investigates home care work with the aim of better understanding care recipients and their needs, funding and regulation, care worker skills, tasks, demographics, employment conditions and training needs. Over 2,700 pieces of literature were analysed to inform this review. Results suggest sector fragmentation and a home care workforce who, although well placed to improve outcomes for care recipients, are in need of better training and employment support. Suggestions for future research regarding Australian home care include studies that combine both aged and disability aspects of care, more research around care recipients, priority needs and strategies for addressing them, and how best to prepare home care workers for their roles.
Levett-Jones, T, Govind, N, Pich, J, Hoffman, K, Lapkin, S, Yeun-Sim Jeong, S, Noble, D, Maclellan, L, Norton, C, Robinson-Reilly, M & Jakimowicz, S 2018, 'Exploring Nursing Students' Perspectives of a Novel Point-of-View Disability Simulation', Clinical Simulation in Nursing, vol. 18, pp. 28-37.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning Background: Empathy is integral to therapeutic relationships and person-centered care. Interventions specifically targeting empathy toward people who have a disability may be of benefit to nursing education. Method: In this article, we describe a novel point-of-view simulation designed to enhance empathy toward people who have a disability as a result of acquired brain injury. Nursing students' perspectives of the simulation were examined using a concurrent nested mixed methods design and using the Satisfaction with Disability Simulation Experience Scale, which includes 18 closed and one open-ended question. Results: A total of 384 second-year nursing students from a population of 488 participated, giving a response rate of 79%. The overall mean satisfaction score was 4.49/5.0 (standard deviation = 0.55), indicating a high level of agreement with each of the survey items. Thirty-five participants responded to the open-ended question, and analysis of their comments revealed three themes: A valuable experience, new insights, and standing in someone else's shoes. Conclusion: Given that there is compelling research about the benefits of empathic engagement with patients, the results from this study support continuing investment in point-of-view simulation experiences.
Jakimowicz, S, Perry, L & Lewis, J 2017, 'An integrative review of supports, facilitators and barriers to patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit.', Journal of clinical nursing, vol. 26, no. 23-24, pp. 4153-4171.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
To systematically review the literature describing factors perceived by nurses as impacting the provision of patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit.Patient-centred nursing in critical care differs from other healthcare areas, and the aggressive curative environment of the ICU has potential to compromise some of its elements. Understanding critical care, nurses' perceptions of promoting and deterrent factors may inform development of strategies to support effective patient-centred nursing and job satisfaction in this workforce.An integrative literature review.Whittemore and Knafl's method was used with "best-fit" framework synthesis. CINAHL, PsycINFO, Medline and EMBASE were searched for 2000-2016 literature using search terms drawn from the ICU patient-centred framework.In total, 3,079 papers were identified, with 23 retained after applying eligibility criteria. Five themes were identified: Nurse identity; Organisation; Communication; Relationships; and Ideology of ICU. Almost every theme and related categories referred to factors acting as barriers to patient-centred nursing in the ICU; only four referred to supports/facilitators. Findings showed that provision of patient-centred nursing may be compromised by some factors of the critical care environment, and illustrate the challenges and complexity of providing effective patient-centred nursing in this environment.Findings should be applied to address barriers and to enhance facilitators of effective patient-centred nursing in critical care. The emotional and physical demands of critical care nursing are major considerations; supporting these nurses to fulfil their challenging role may empower them in their professional quality of life and provide a basis for workforce retention as well as delivery of effective patient-centred nursing.Measures to enhance patient-centred nursing could promote critical care nurses' job satisfaction and workforce retention, and be applied more broadly and collaborative...
Jakimowicz, S, Stirling, C & Duddle, M 2015, 'An investigation of factors that impact patients' subjective experience of nurse-led clinics: a qualitative systematic review.', Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 24, no. 1/2, pp. 19-33.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Aims and objectives To systematically review the qualitative evidence on factors that affect the experience of patients attending nurse-led clinics and compare with key elements of person-centred care. Background As the number of nurse-led clinics increases in response to health system needs, evaluation has focused on clinical outcomes and cost. Patient experiences are less researched and yet, they are an important influence on clinical outcomes and an indicator of person-centred care. A detailed review of existing research in this area is needed. Design A systematic review of primary, qualitative literature was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology of meta-aggregation. Methods Published research from 1990-2012 was located using CINAHL, PubMed, Medline and Psyc INFO. Reference lists were searched and analysed. Two reviewers assessed the papers for methodological quality using instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute to critically appraise, extract data and meta-aggregate findings. Results Eleven studies met all inclusion criteria. Three meta-synthesis statements were derived from 46 findings aggregated to nine categories. The key themes relating to establishment of a therapeutic relationship, effective communication, and clinical skills and collaboration mapped closely to the person-centred care framework. Conclusion Concepts central to person-centred care proved to be factors impacting patients' subjective experience. Further research is warranted to meet the challenge to transform the key concepts of the person-centred care model into everyday nursing practice. Relevance to clinical practice Knowledge of patients' feelings and the importance of person-centred, individualised care may contribute to development of future training and re-training programs in basic nursing skills. This is significant in that it contributes to future positive patient experience.
Jakimowicz, S & Perry, L 2015, 'A concept analysis of patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit', Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 71, no. 7, pp. 1499-1517.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Aim To report an analysis of the concept of patient-centred nursing in the context of intensive care. Background Clarification of patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit is important because consensus definition of this concept is lacking. The severely compromised physiological state of these people and the sequelae of this differentiate patient-centred nursing in intensive care from that occurring in other hospital settings. While the broad concept has been analysed, it has not been examined in the context of intensive care. Design Concept analysis. Data sources CINAHL, PsycINFO, Medline and PubMed databases (2000–2014) were searched. Peer-reviewed papers were identified and reference lists of relevant articles searched. Methods Walker and Avant's eight-stage approach was used. Results Patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit incorporates antecedents of a physiologically compromised patient requiring biomedical intervention, a professional and competent nurse and organizational support. The concept's defining attributes entail maintenance of patient identity by a compassionate and professional nurse exercising biomedical expertise. Consequences include patient satisfaction, positive patient experience, nurse job satisfaction and better nurse workforce retention. Conclusion Patient-centred nursing in intensive care is differentiated from other healthcare areas by the particular characteristics of critically ill patients, the critical care environment and the challenging bio-psycho-social demands made on intensive care nurses. Effective patient-centred nursing in this environment promotes beneficial outcomes for patients, nurses and healthcare service. Decision-makers and policymakers should support critical care nurses in this challenging role, to maintain delivery of patient-centred nursing and grow an effective nursing workforce.