Dr Saba Bebawi is a journalism and media researcher who has published on media power and the role of media in democracy-building, in addition to investigative journalism in conflict and post-conflict regions. She is author of 'Media Power and Global Television News: The role of Al Jazeera English', and 'Investigative Journalism in the Arab World: Issues and Challenges', in addition to co-editor of 'Social Media and the Politics of Reportage: The 'Arab Spring'.
She holds a PhD in International News from the University of Melbourne, an MA research in Media Policy from Queensland University of Technology (QUT), and an MA in Communications from Monash University.
Dr Bebawi has worked as a journalist since 1995. She was a broadcaster/producer for Radio Jordan English service for four years, and also worked on a contract basis for CNN, World New Events (USA), and Dubai TV. Currently she is a media development and policy consultant and a media trainer. Dr Bebawi is project director for the Foreign Correspondent study tour. She has previously held academic positions at Monash University and Swinburne University in Australia, in addition to Zayed University in the UAE.
• International Peace Research Association Foundation (IPRAF) -Democracy Building in Post Conflict Regions: Investigative Journalism Training Post ‘Arab Spring’, Washington, U.S. (2013)
• Council for Arab Australian Relations (CAAR), Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), Australian Government – for the funding of a study tour ‘The Foreign Correspondent’ to the Middle East under the ‘Media Interns’ flagship (2014)
• Council for Arab Australian Relations (CAAR), Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), Australian Government – for the funding of a study tour ‘The Foreign Correspondent’ to the Middle East under the ‘Media Interns’ flagship for joint program with UTS and Swinburne universities (2015)
- International news networks
- Media and globalisation
- Investigative journalism
- Media power
- Arab media
- Social media
- Political Communication
Investigative Journalism in the Arab World is the first book to date that looks into the state and role of investigate journalism in the Arab world before, during, and after the protests of the 'Arab Spring'. The fact that the Arab Spring is still happening in parts of the Arab world, such as Syria at the time of writing this book, means that this topic is not only timely but also one that could be ongoing. The necessity of this book lies in the vital role the media could potentially play in informing and empowering society, in order for them to assist in opening up the communicative space in a region where this has previously been taboo. This book, therefore, explores how investigative journalism training and practice can be used to develop and promote deliberative social and political systems in Arab countries.
The Middle East has been a particular focus of global crisis reporting. Yet, international coverage of these conflicts has historically been presented through a 'Western' perspective. The absence of Arab voices in the global public sphere has created a discursive gap between the Middle East and the rest of the world. The arrival of Al Jazeera English might, therefore, be regarded as an attempt to bridge this gap by broadcasting discourses from and about the Arab world. Using a framing analysis of selected news reports by Al Jazeera English before and after the so-called 'Arab Spring' protests, this book considers Al Jazeera English's position in the global news environment and identifies the extent to which it addresses this gap between the Arab and global spheres.
Specifically, this book focuses on the journalistic challenges, issues and opportunities that have arisen as a result of social media increasingly being used as a form of crisis reporting.
While there is much research to describe journalists' use of social media to source and disseminate news about major events and interact with global audiences, there are few studies that focus on journalists' use of social media within everyday news practices. This article uses qualitative surveys to provide a preliminary understanding of how journalists in Australia are utilising social media content in everyday news sourcing and reportage. The purpose of this study is, first, to understand journalists' perceptions of how and why they use social media to source news and information and, second, to understand the organisational and professional implications for news sourcing in social media-enabled environments.
Bossio, D. & Bebawi, S. 2012, 'Reaping and Sowing the News from an Arab Spring: the politicised interaction between traditional and alternative journalistic practitioners', Global Media Journal: Australian Edition, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1-13.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The 'Arab Spring' has been discussed in the mainstream media as a 'social media revolution'; a seismic shift
away from the traditional news correspondence towards an era of citizen journalism and social media
reporting. This paper reports on a preliminary analysis of the ways in which mainstream and alternative
modes of journalistic practice in particular, interacted during the initial months of protest in Egypt and Libya
in 2011. Using both quantitative and qualitative forms of analysis of mainstream news reports as well as
social media and blogging, the paper compares the ways in which the two modes of journalistic practice
collaborated to disseminate news and information about the protests. The preliminary analysis indicates that
productive interactions did occur and led to changes in traditional journalistic practice, though true
collaboration was hindered by the organisational constraints posed by the reporting practices of each group.
Bebawi, S. 2010, 'How Al Jazeera English Reports Local Crises to the Global Citizen', International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR).
Bebawi, S. 2008, 'Global Citizens and Issues of Access: The use of television satellite dishes in the developing world', Urbanistica, no. 48.
Bebawi, S. 2008, 'The NWICO Debates Revisited: A contra-flow from the Arab world', The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences.
Bebawi, S. 2007, 'Sustaining the Democratic Medium: Philanthropy and Community Radio in Australia', Global Media Journal: Australian Edition, vol. 1, no. 1.
Bebawi, S. 2005, 'A Balancing Act: Entrepreneurship in Community Media', 3CMedia: Journal of Community, Citizen's and Third Sector Media and Communication, no. 1.
Bebawi, S. 2005, 'Citizen's Media and the Future: A case of Melbourne ethnic community radio', Hawaii International Conference on Arts and Humanities.
Bebawi, S. 2005, 'The Future Role of Community Radio as Registered Training Organisations', Radio in the World: Radio Conference.
Bebawi, S. 2005, 'The United Nations' role in Arab media: A voice for the community?', Journal of International Communication: UN at 60, vol. 11, no. 2.
Bebawi, S. 2017, 'The Cultural Imperative: News Production and Soft Power' in Chitty, N., Hayden, C., Ji, L., Rawnsley, G. & Simons, J. (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Soft Power, Routledge, pp. 157-165.
The Routledge Handbook of Soft Power is the first volume to offer a comprehensive and detailed picture of soft power and associated forms of public diplomacy.
Bebawi, S. 2017, 'The Digital Public Sphere: Social Media as Social and Political Participation' in De Abreu, B., Mihailidis, P., Lee, A.Y., Melki, J. & McDougall, J. (eds), International Handbook of Media Literacy Education, Routledge.
Aayeshah, W. & Bebawi, S. 2015, 'The use of facebook as a pedagogical platform for developing investigative journalism skills' in Gamification: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, IGI Global, USA, pp. 1506-1522.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2015, IGI Global. All rights reserved. This chapter evaluates the extent to which Facebook could be used as a training and learning tool for investigative journalism students. This study is based on the deployment of Facebook as a pedagogical tool for an "Investigative Journalism" unit at Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia. This chapter, accordingly, outlines the challenges, issues, and benefits of using Social Networking Services (SNS) as pedagogical tools for the training of future investigative journalists, which could in turn assist other instructors to make use of such online social platforms for media training. By conducting an observation of student usage of Facebook and interviewing students and tutors on their experiences from this activity, this chapter concludes that Facebook can serve as a useful online collaborative platform for investigative journalism students and as a progress monitoring tool for their instructors.
Bebawi, S. 2014, 'A Shift in Media Power: The Mediated Public Sphere During the 'Arab Spring'' in Bebawi, S. & Bossio, D. (eds), Social Media and the Politics of Reportage, Palgrave Macmillan, UK, pp. 123-138.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The Arab Spring protests, as have been discussed in this book, have
provided examples of the complex power relations between traditional
and new methods of crisis reporting. This chapter aims to conceptualise
these relations of power within the mediated public sphere
and in turn discuss future implications of these interrelations. Historically,
global crisis reporting has been mainly controlled by mainstream
journalists, where audiences around the world receive their
knowledge of political happenings through dominant media players,
such as CNN and BBC World. Yet the wave of political unrest in
the Arab world has somehow tipped the power that such dominant
news networks hold and left them struggling to 'control' the flow of
information. The Arab Spring, therefore, has brought about a shift in
power where alternative media 'reporters' on the streets have risen
to play a prominent role in the coverage of these political events.
This has been made possible through social media technologies which
have allowed alternative reporters, activists and protesters to disseminate
information globally. It is therefore necessary to theoretically
understand relations of power that have emerged from the interactions
between established media and alternative media practitioners,
within the mediated public sphere. I have discussed elsewhere
(ElGhul-Bebawi, 2009) the interrelationship between alternative and
mainstream media more generally, where I have argued that alternative
media seek to challenge the power of dominant media; however,
there is a need to better theoretically understand the specific nature of power relations between mainstream and social media during the
reporting of the Arab Spring.
Sabahat, W. & Bebawi, S. 2014, 'The Use of Facebook as a Pedagogical Platform for Developing Investigative Journalism Skills' in Mallia, G. (ed), The Social Classroom: Integrating Social Network Use in Education Integrating Social Network Use in Education, IGI Global, USA, pp. 83-99.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This chapter evaluates the extent to which Facebook could be used as a training and learning tool for investigative journalism students. This study is based on the deployment of Facebook as a pedagogical tool for an 'Investigative Journalism unit at Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia. This chapter, accordingly, outlines the challenges, issues, and benefits of using Social Networking Services (SNS) as pedagogical tools for the training of future investigative journalists, which could in turn assist other instructors to make use of such online social platforms for media training. By conducting an observation of student usage of Facebook and interviewing students and tutors on their experiences from this activity, this chapter concludes that Facebook can serve as a useful online collaborative platform for investigative journalism students and as a progress monitoring tool for their instructors.
Bossio, D. & Bebawi, S. 2013, 'War of Worlds? Alternative and Mainstream Journalists Practices in Coverage of the "Arab Spring" Protests' in Hayes, J.E., Battles, K. & Hilton-Morrow, W. (eds), War of the Worlds to Social Media: Mediated Communication in Times of Crisis, Peter Lang Publishing, USA, pp. 189-209.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
ln- this chapter, Bossio and Bebawi offer a comparative case study
of online coverage of pro-democracy demonstrations in Egypt and
Libya on six separate days in early 2011. They identify tensions
between "old" and "rìew" journalistic coverage of the crisis similar
to those shaping reactions to the War of the Worlds broadcast
event. Despite these tensions, however, Bossio and Bebowi orgue
thot shored interest in the struggle for democracy and the welfare of
innocent people spurred cooperation between professional and
citizen journalists during the crises.
Bebawi, S. 2009, 'The Relationship between Mainstream and Alternative Media: A blurring of the edges?' in Gordon, J. (ed), Notions of Community: A Collection of Community Media Debates and Dilemmas, Peter Lang.
Bossio, D. & Bebawi, S. 2012, 'A Shift in Media Power: The role of alternative journalism during the 'Arab Spring'', 22nd World Congress of Political Science (IPSA) - Reshaping Power, Shifting Boundaries, IPSA World Congress of Political Science, IPSA, Madrid, Spain, pp. 1-7.
Traditionally global crisis reporting has been controlled by mainstream
journalists, however the recent wave of protests in the Middle East, termed
the 'Arab Spring', have witnessed a shift in power where alternative media
'journalists' on the streets have risen to play a notable role in the coverage of
these political events. This has been facilitated through digital and social
media which have allowed alternative reporters, activists and protesters to
share information globally. This paper seeks to discuss both the new and
traditional media production frameworks that have informed the interaction
between those who have witnessed and those who have reported on the
events of the 'Arab Spring'. Particularly, this study aims to illustrate relations
of power that emerge from the interactions between established media and
social media practitioners. Focusing on Egypt and Libya on six politically
important days during the protests, this paper will suggest some of the
political and cultural ramifications of these new interactions for global