My research interests include the metabolism and molecular engineering of marine eukaryotic phytoplankton, including diatoms. My work at UTS C3 involves using experimental and computational approaches to investigate the metabolic potential of various microalgal strains, as well as to develop new genetic tools and strategies to produce high-value and renewable bioproducts in microalgae.
Prior to to joining UTS C3, I completed my M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Marine Biology at the Scipps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego. My Ph.D. research focused on the organization and regulation of central carbon metabolism in marine diatoms, with the goal of enhancing diatom lipid productivity through metabolic engineering. In addition, I have industry experience working on projects to generate biofuel from large-scale, outdoor microalgal cultures. I earned my bachelor's degree in Biology at the University of San Diego, where I worked on field projects related to water quality issues and the response of phytoplankton communities to anthropogenic waste streams.
Can supervise: YES
- Metabolic engineering
- Molecular and synthetic biology
- Algal biotechnology
- Functional genomics
- Diatom evolution and metabolism
Abbriano, R, Vardar, N, Yee, D & Hildebrand, M 2018, 'Manipulation of a glycolytic regulator alters growth and carbon partitioning in the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana', ALGAL RESEARCH-BIOMASS BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS, vol. 32, pp. 250-258.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Davis, A, Abbriano, R, Smith, SR & Hildebrand, M 2017, 'Clarification of Photorespiratory Processes and the Role of Malic Enzyme in Diatoms.', Protist, vol. 168, no. 1, pp. 134-153.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Evidence suggests that diatom photorespiratory metabolism is distinct from other photosynthetic eukaryotes in that there may be at least two routes for the metabolism of the photorespiratory metabolite glycolate. One occurs primarily in the mitochondria and is similar to the C2 photorespiratory pathway, and the other processes glycolate through the peroxisomal glyoxylate cycle. Genomic analysis has identified the presence of key genes required for glycolate oxidation, the glyoxylate cycle, and malate metabolism, however, predictions of intracellular localization can be ambiguous and require verification. This knowledge gap leads to uncertainties surrounding how these individual pathways operate, either together or independently, to process photorespiratory intermediates under different environmental conditions. Here, we combine in silico sequence analysis, in vivo protein localization techniques and gene expression patterns to investigate key enzymes potentially involved in photorespiratory metabolism in the model diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. We demonstrate the peroxisomal localization of isocitrate lyase and the mitochondrial localization of malic enzyme and a glycolate oxidase. Based on these analyses, we propose an updated model for photorespiratory metabolism in T. pseudonana, as well as a mechanism by which C2 photorespiratory metabolism and its associated pathways may operate during silicon starvation and growth arrest.
Hildebrand, M, Manandhar-Shrestha, K & Abbriano, R 2017, 'Effects of chrysolaminarin synthase knockdown in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana: Implications of reduced carbohydrate storage relative to green algae', Algal Research-Biomass Biofuels and Bioproducts, vol. 23, pp. 66-77.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
In all organisms, the flux of carbon through the fundamental pathways of glycolysis, gluconeogenesis and the pyruvate hub is a core process related to growth and productivity. In unicellular microalgae, the complexity and intracellular location of specific steps of these pathways can vary substantially. In addition, the location and chemical nature of storage carbohydrate can be substantially different. The role of starch storage in green algae has been investigated, but thus far, only a minimal understanding of the role of carbohydrate storage in diatoms as the β-1,3-glucan chrysolaminarin has been achieved. In this report, we aimed to determine the effect of specifically reducing the ability of Thalassiosira pseudonana cells to accumulate chrysolaminarin by knocking down transcript levels of the chrysolaminarin synthase gene. We monitored changes in chrysolaminarin and triacylglycerol (TAG) levels during growth and silicon starvation. Transcript-level changes in genes encoding steps in chrysolaminarin metabolism, and cytoplasmic and chloroplast glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, were monitored during silicon limitation, highlighting the carbon flux processes involved. We demonstrate that knockdown lines accumulate less chrysolaminarin and have a transiently increased TAG level, with minimal detriment to growth. The results provide insight into the role of chrysolaminarin storage in diatoms, and further discussion highlights differences between diatoms and green algae in carbohydrate storage processes and the effect of reducing carbohydrate stores on growth and productivity.
Smith, SR, Gle, C, Abbriano, RM, Traller, JC, Davis, A, Trentacoste, E, Vernet, M, Allen, AE & Hildebrand, M 2016, 'Transcript level coordination of carbon pathways during silicon starvation-induced lipid accumulation in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana', NEW PHYTOLOGIST, vol. 210, no. 3, pp. 890-904.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Beld, J, Abbriano, R, Finzel, K, Hildebrand, M & Burkart, MD 2016, 'Probing fatty acid metabolism in bacteria, cyanobacteria, green microalgae and diatoms with natural and unnatural fatty acids', MOLECULAR BIOSYSTEMS, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1299-1312.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hildebrand, M, Abbriano, RM, Polle, JE, Traller, JC, Trentacoste, EM, Smith, SR & Davis, AK 2013, 'Metabolic and cellular organization in evolutionarily diverse microalgae as related to biofuels production', CURRENT OPINION IN CHEMICAL BIOLOGY, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 506-514.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In spite of attractive attributes, diatoms are underrepresented in research and literature related to the development of microalgal biofuels. Diatoms are highly diverse and have substantial evolutionarily-based differences in cellular organization and metabolic processes relative to chlorophytes. Diatoms have tremendous ecological success, with typically higher productivity than other algal classes, which may relate to cellular factors discussed in this review. Diatoms can accumulate lipid equivalently or to a greater extent than other algal classes, and can rapidly induce triacylglycerol under Si limitation, avoiding the detrimental effects on photosynthesis, gene expression and protein content associated with N limitation. Diatoms have been grown on production scales for aquaculture for decades, produce value-added products and are amenable to omic and genetic manipulation approaches. In this article, we highlight beneficial attributes and address potential concerns of diatoms as biofuels research and production organisms, and encourage a greater emphasis on their development in the biofuels arena. © 2012 Future Science Ltd.
Smith, SR, Abbriano, RM & Hildebrand, M 2012, 'Comparative analysis of diatom genomes reveals substantial differences in the organization of carbon partitioning pathways', ALGAL RESEARCH-BIOMASS BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 2-16.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hildebrand, M, Davis, A, Abbriano Burke, R, Pugsley, HR, Traller, JC, Smith, SR, Shrestha, RP, Cook, O, Sánchez-Alvarez, EL, Manandhar-Shrestha, K & Alderete, B 2015, 'Applications of Imaging Flow Cytometry for Microalgae' in Imaging Flow Cytometry Methods and Protocols, Humana Press.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This detailed volume for the first time explores techniques and protocols involving quantitative imaging flow cytometry (IFC), which has revolutionized our ability to analyze cells, cellular clusters, and populations in a remarkable fashion ...