I completed my Masters in Clinical Psychology and PhD at Macquarie University. My PhD research focused on understanding autistic traits and special interests in autistic adults. Following my PhD, I worked as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow with the Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC) at the University of New South Wales. In 2018, I took up the appointment as Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Technology Sydney.
Rachel is a conjoint lecturer at the University of New South Wales
My research aims to understand the challenges and strengths experienced by autistic children, adolescents and adults. In particular, it focuses on the unique experiences of autistic girls and women. I am also involved in working in autism research with colleagues in the UK, the Netherlands and Indonesia. I am passionate about providing meaningful research that is of benefit to the autism community.
Grove, R, Paynter, J, Joosten, A, Vivanti, G, Dissanayake, C & Eapen, V 2019, 'Factor Structure of the Social Communication Questionnaire in Preschool Aged Autistic Children', Journal of Child and Family Studies, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 3385-3391.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Objectives: The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is a common screening tool for autism spectrum disorder. Given its wide use, as well as recent changes to diagnostic criteria for autism, there is a need to evaluate whether the SCQ maps onto the social communication and interaction, and repetitive behaviour and restricted interests domains specified in the revised criteria in DSM-5. Methods: Participants included 294 preschool aged autistic children. Confirmatory factor analysis was implemented to evaluate the factor structure of the SCQ. Results: None of the models evaluated provided an adequate fit to the data. However, the best fitting model mapped onto the previous DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for autism. Conclusions: The SCQ does not align with the new DSM-5 domains. More research is needed to evaluate the factor structure of the SCQ in different populations of autistic children in order to determine its current validity as a screening tool.
Mazzoni, A, Grove, R, Eapen, V, Lenroot, RK & Bruggemann, J 2019, 'The promise of functional near-infrared spectroscopy in autism research: What do we know and where do we go?', Social Neuroscience, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 505-518.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Zheng, L, Grove, R & Eapen, V 2019, 'Spectrum or subtypes? A latent profile analysis of restricted and repetitive behaviours in autism', Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 57, pp. 46-54.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous condition. One way of understanding this heterogeneity is by investigating whether homogenous subgroups within the autism population exist. Some studies have attempted to do this by looking at social and communication skills. However, few studies have looked at subtyping using restricted and repetitive behaviours. While restricted and repetitive behaviours form part of the core features of autism, their presentation is diverse across different individuals on the spectrum. The aim of this study was to determine if restricted and repetitive behaviours could be used to identify potential subtypes of autism. Method: This study used unsupervised clustering algorithms to differentiate subgroups of individuals on the autism spectrum based on their scores on the Repetitive Behaviour Scale-Revised (RBS-R). Results: Three groups were found that reported low, medium and high levels of restricted and repetitive behaviours. These groups also differed on a range of clinical measures including problematic behaviours, autistic traits and adaptive behaviours. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that subgroups of individuals with autism can be identified based on their level of restricted and repetitive behaviours. This highlights that restricted and repetitive behaviours may be best understood under a dimensional continuum of severity. This has implications for our understanding of the non-social characteristics of autism.
Alvares, GA, Dawson, PA, Dissanayake, C, Eapen, V, Gratten, J, Grove, R, Henders, A, Heussler, H, Lawson, L, Masi, A, Raymond, E, Rose, F, Wallace, L, Wray, NR & Whitehouse, AJO 2018, 'Study protocol for the Australian autism biobank: an international resource to advance autism discovery research', BMC Pediatrics, vol. 18, no. 1.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Eapen, V, Grove, R, Aylward, E, Joosten, AV, Miller, SI, Watt, GVD, Fordyce, K, Dissanayake, C, Maya, J, Tucker, M & DeBlasio, A 2017, 'Transition from early intervention program to primary school in children with autism spectrum disorder', World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 169-175.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Grove, R, Hoekstra, RA, Wierda, M & Begeer, S 2017, 'Exploring sex differences in autistic traits: A factor analytic study of adults with autism', Autism, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 760-768.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Research has highlighted potential differences in the phenotypic and clinical presentation of autism spectrum conditions across sex. Furthermore, the measures utilised to evaluate autism spectrum conditions may be biased towards the male autism phenotype. It is important to determine whether these instruments measure the autism phenotype consistently in autistic men and women. This study evaluated the factor structure of the Autism Spectrum Quotient Short Form in a large sample of autistic adults. It also systematically explored specific sex differences at the item level, to determine whether the scale assesses the autism phenotype equivalently across males and females. Factor analyses were conducted among 265 males and 285 females. A two-factor structure consisting of a social behaviour and numbers and patterns factor was consistent across groups, indicating that the latent autism phenotype is similar among both autistic men and women. Subtle differences were observed on two social behaviour item thresholds of the Autism Spectrum Quotient Short Form, with women reporting scores more in line with the scores expected in autism on these items than men. However, these differences were not substantial. This study showed that the Autism Spectrum Quotient Short Form detects autistic traits equivalently in males and females and is not biased towards the male autism phenotype.
O’Hare, D, Eapen, V, Grove, R, Helmes, E, McBain, K & Reece, J 2017, 'Youth with Tourette syndrome: Parental perceptions and experiences in the Australian context', Australian Journal of Psychology, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 48-57.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Objective: To enhance understandings of the impact of Tourette Syndrome (TS) on the parents of diagnosed youth. Speciﬁcally,the current study aimed to explore and identify the multidimensional stressors associated with parenting a child or adolescent with TS in the Australian context. Method: As part of a larger qualitative and quantitative community-based study, semi-structured telephone interviews with 22 mothers of youth with TS were conducted regarding their experiences. Results: The study identiﬁed parent, child, and contextual factors that contributed to parental stress, with many mirroring the experiences of parents of children with other chronic paediatric disorders. However, several TS-speciﬁc factors also emerged from the data analysis, highlighting the unique difﬁculties encountered by parents of diagnosed youth. Serious deﬁcits in professional expertise and services currently available for the TS community were also identiﬁed. Conclusions: Findings indicate thegenerally unacknowledged challenge of parenting a child with TS, which equates with that experienced in the context of other serious chronic paediatric disorders. Results also indicate the need for psychosocial support for both child and parent, and greatly improved access to well-informed mental health and educational services in the Australian context.
Grove, R, Roth, I & Hoekstra, RA 2016, 'The motivation for special interests in individuals with autism and controls: Development and validation of the special interest motivation scale', Autism Research, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 677-688.View/Download from: Publisher's site
O’Hare, D, Helmes, E, Eapen, V, Grove, R, McBain, K & Reece, J 2016, 'The Impact of Tic Severity, Comorbidity and Peer Attachment on Quality of Life Outcomes and Functioning in Tourette’s Syndrome: Parental Perspectives', Child Psychiatry and Human Development, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 563-573.View/Download from: Publisher's site
O'Hare, D, Eapen, V, Helmes, E, Mcbain, K, Reece, J & Grove, R 2016, 'Recognising and Treating Tourette's Syndrome in Young Australians: A Need for Informed Multidisciplinary Support', Australian Psychologist, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 238-245.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Crome, E, Grove, R, Baillie, AJ, Sunderland, M, Teesson, M & Slade, T 2015, 'DSM-IV and DSM-5 social anxiety disorder in the Australian community', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 227-235.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Grove, R, Baillie, A, Allison, C, BaronCohen, S & Hoekstra, RA 2015, 'Exploring the quantitative nature of empathy, systemising and autistic traits using factor mixture modelling', British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 207, no. 5.View/Download from: Publisher's site
O'Hare, D, Eapen, V, Helmes, E, McBain, K, Reece, J & Grove, R 2015, 'Factors impacting the quality of peer relationships of youth with Tourette's syndrome', BMC Psychology, vol. 3, no. 1.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Slade, T, McEvoy, PM, Chapman, C, Grove, R & Teesson, M 2015, 'Onset and temporal sequencing of lifetime anxiety, mood and substance use disorders in the general population', Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 45-53.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gates, P, Grove, R & Copeland, J 2014, 'Substance use in the Australian workforce: Findings from two national surveys', Journal of Health, Safety and Environment, vol. 30, no. 1.
Grove, R, Baillie, A, Allison, C, Baron-Cohen, S & Hoekstra, RA 2014, 'The latent structure of cognitive and emotional empathy in individuals with autism, first-degree relatives and typical individuals', Molecular Autism, vol. 5, no. 1.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gates, P, Grove, R & Copeland, J 2013, 'Impact of substance use on the Australian workforce', Journal of Addiction and Prevention, vol. 1, pp. 1-6.
Grove, R, Baillie, A, Allison, C, Baron-Cohen, S & Hoekstra, RA 2013, 'Empathizing, systemizing, and autistic traits: Latent structure in individuals with autism, their parents, and general population controls', Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 600-609.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Teesson, M, Slade, T, Swift, W, Mills, K, Memedovic, S, Mewton, L, Grove, R, Newton, N & Hall, W 2012, 'Prevalence, correlates and comorbidity of DSM-IV cannabis use and cannabis use disorders in Australia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 46, no. 12, pp. 1182-1192.View/Download from: Publisher's site
McEvoy, PM, Grove, R & Slade, T 2011, 'Epidemiology of anxiety disorders in the Australian general population: Findings of the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 957-967.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mewton, L, Slade, T, Mcbride, O, Grove, R & Teesson, M 2011, 'An evaluation of the proposed DSM-5 alcohol use disorder criteria using Australian national data', Addiction, vol. 106, no. 5, pp. 941-950.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mewton, L, Teesson, M, Slade, T & Grove, R 2011, 'The epidemiology of DSM-IV alcohol use disorders amongst young adults in the Australian population', Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 185-191.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Slade, T, Grove, R & Burgess, P 2011, 'Kessler Psychological Distress Scale: Normative data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 308-316.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Teesson, M, Hall, W, Slade, T, Mills, K, Grove, R, Mewton, L, Baillie, A & Haber, P 2010, 'Prevalence and correlates of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in Australia: Findings of the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing', Addiction, vol. 105, no. 12, pp. 2085-2094.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Grove, R, McBride, O & Slade, T 2009, 'Towards DSM-V: Exploring diagnostic thresholds for alcohol dependence and abuse', Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 45-52.View/Download from: Publisher's site
McKetin, R, Chalmers, J, Burns, L, Vogl, L, Grech, K, Slade, T & Grove, R 2010, Research to explain and respond to the ecstasy situation in Australia: A birth cohort analysis of national ecstasy use trends, Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.
Netherlands Autism Register