Cummins, AM, Wight, R, Watts, N & Catling, C 2018, 'Introducing sensitive issues and self-care strategies to first year midwifery students.', Midwifery, vol. 61, pp. 8-14.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
OBJECTIVE:first year midwifery students learn early in semester about situations in midwifery where a high level of emotion is expressed, such as taking a sexual history, being faced with the body image changes of pregnancy and working with women in the extreme pain of labour. Commencing students usually have not had exposure to the realities of studying and working in midwifery, and often have an idealised view of midwifery that may lead to attrition from the course. We aimed to equip students with personal and professional tools to discuss sensitive issues in midwifery and promote self-care through the development of two workshops. The first workshop focussed on sensitive issues in midwifery and the second on self-care strategies. DESIGN:quantitative and qualitative data were collected pre and post workshops using a survey. SETTING:the workshops were developed at one university in New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS:Beginning first year midwifery students MEASUREMENTS: feeling more comfortable, confident and knowledgeable was measured using a paired t-test from the responses on a pre and post workshop survey. Content analysis was performed on the qualitative survey responses. FINDINGS:there were significant increases in the students feeling more comfortable to discuss sensitive issues in midwifery following the first workshop. They found meeting new people, respecting opinions, normalizing confronting topics to be valuable and useful. The second workshop found significant differences in being more confident and knowledgeable to access and try new self-care strategies in both their personal and professional life. Students discussed learning to be more mindful in order to prepare for stressful situations. They became aware of their feeling and thoughts when under stress and said they would practice techniques including meditation. CONCLUSION:the workshops assisted the students to develop peer support, self-care strategies and coping mechanisms when faced wit...
Cummins, AM, Smith, R, Catling, C, Watts, N, Scarf, V, Fox, D & Gray, J 2018, 'Midwifery Graduate Attributes: A model for curriculum development and education.', Midwifery, vol. 61, pp. 66-69.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Models of midwifery education need to evolve to meet changing needs of the profession. This requires a constant process of review and re-evaluation of curricula. Courses that lead to midwifery registration must not only meet national and international standards, but many also commit to producing graduates who meet course-specific graduate attributes. These attributes differ between models of education and courses and are pivotal in providing clear direction for the development of higher level abilities in graduates. Visionary graduate attributes provide the opportunity to prepare graduates to function and flourish in a fast changing social and professional environment and to prepare them for a future that is largely unknown (Bowden et al., 2000).
The University of Technology Sydney (UTS) has embraced the concept of graduate attributes and all graduates are expected to demonstrate capability in both University and course-specific attributes. The UTS model of learning provides a framework for practice oriented learning that aligns graduate attributes and curriculum design. The model is focussed on three distinctive areas, practice oriented education situated in a global workplace through learning that is research inspired and integrated (UTS 2017). Each course offered by UTS has embedded graduate attributes that reflect the overall aim of the course. These provide important information for students, the public and future employers as to what personal, professional and intellectual attributes to expect from a graduate of that course.
Commencing in 2012, the midwifery team undertook a project to develop visionary attributes for midwifery graduates and this paper describes and discusses the development and implementation process of the graduate attributes model.
Petrovska, K, Watts, NP, Catling, C, Bisits, A & Homer, CS 2017, ''Stress, anger, fear and injustice': An international qualitative survey of women's experiences planning a vaginal breech birth.', Midwifery, vol. 44, pp. 41-47.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
OBJECTIVE: the outcomes of the Term Breech Trial had a profound impact on women's options for breech birth, with caesarean section now seen as the default method for managing breech birth by many clinicians. Despite this, the demand for planned vaginal breech birth from women does exist. This study aimed to examine the experiences of women who sought a vaginal breech birth to increase understanding as to how to care for women seeking this birth option. DESIGN: an electronic survey was distributed to women online via social media. The survey consisted of qualitative and quantitative questions, with the qualitative data being the focus of this paper. Open ended questions sought information on the ways in which woman sourced a clinician skilled in vaginal breech birth and the level of support and quality of information provided from clinicians regarding vaginal breech birth. Thematic analysis was used to analyse and code the qualitative data into major themes. FINDINGS: in total, 204 women from over seven countries responded to the survey. Written responses to the open ended questions were categorised into seven themes: Seeking the chance to try for a VBB; Encountering coercion and fear; Putting the birth before the baby?; Dealing with emotional wounds; Searching for information and support; Traveling across boundaries; Overcoming obstacles in the system. KEY CONCLUSIONS: for women seeking vaginal breech birth, limited system and clinical support can impede access to balanced information and options for care. Recognition of existing evidence on the safety of vaginal breech birth, as well as the presence of clinical guidelines that support it, may assist in promoting vaginal breech birth as a legitimate option that should be available to women.
Petrovska, K, Watts, N, Sheehan, A, Bisits, A & Homer, C 2017, 'How do social discourses of risk impact on women's choices for vaginal breech birth? A qualitative study of women's experiences', Health, Risk and Society, vol. 19, no. 1-2, pp. 19-37.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. In this article, we aim to explore the impact of social discourses of risk around childbirth on the decisions made for birth by women who planned to have a breech baby late in pregnancy. This article uses data from a qualitative descriptive study in New South Wales, Australia in 2013. In the study, we talked to 22 women about their decision-making process for planned a vaginal breech birth and the impact of social discourses of risk on this decision. In total, 12 of these women had a vaginal birth and the other 10 had a Caesarean section. In this article, we note that the mothers talked about their option for birth in a social setting in which the dominant discourse focused on the riskiness of breech birth and the vulnerability of female bodies that required medical surveillance, supervision and intervention to ensure a safe birth. Thus, for these mothers their pregnancy was seen through the societal lens of risk and medicalisation, with surgical intervention through a Caesarean section seen by society as the optimum choice. Women could resist this dominant discourse but such resistance required both justification and action, for example, the women who wanted a vaginal birth often had to resist the pressure from their families to have a Caesarean section. We identified four related strands in women's talk about resisting the dominate discourse: acknowledgment that they would be considered irrational for wanting a vaginal birth; having confidence in and believing that their body could give birth vaginally; convincing significant others that a vaginal birth was possible and desirable and looking for sources of support, for example, from new online social networks.
Watts, NP, Petrovska, K, Bisits, A, Catling, C & Homer, CSE 2016, 'This baby is not for turning: Women's experiences of attempted external cephalic version', BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, vol. 16.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Petrovska, K, Watts, NP, Catling, C, Bisits, A & Homer, CSE 2016, 'Supporting Women Planning a Vaginal Breech Birth: An International Survey', Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 353-357.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of women who planned a vaginal breech birth.
An online survey was developed consisting of questions regarding women's experiences surrounding planned vaginal breech birth. The survey was distributed between April 2014 and January 2015 to closed membership Facebook groups that had a consumer focus on vaginal breech birth.
In total, 204 unique responses to the survey were obtained from women who had sought the option of a vaginal breech birth in a previous pregnancy. Most women (80.8%) stated that they were happy with the birth choices they made, and a significant proportion (89.4%) would attempt a vaginal breech birth in subsequent pregnancies. Less than half of women were formally referred to a clinician skilled in vaginal breech birth when their baby was diagnosed breech (41.8%), while the remainder sourced a clinician themselves. Half of the women felt supported by their care provider (56.7%) and less than half (42.3%) felt supported by family and friends.
The women who responded to this international survey sought the option of a vaginal breech birth, were subsequently happy with this decision, and would attempt a vaginal breech birth in their next pregnancy. Access to vaginal breech birth is important for some women; however, this choice may be challenging to achieve. Consistent information and support from clinicians is important to assist decision-making.
Catling, C, Petrovska, K, Watts, N, Bisits, A & Homer, CS 2016, 'Barriers and facilitators for vaginal breech births in Australia: Clinician's experiences.', Women and Birth, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 138-143.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Since the Term Breech Trial in 2000, few Australian clinicians have been able to maintain their skills to facilitate vaginal breech births. The overwhelming majority of women with a breech presentation have been given one birth option, that is, caesarean section. The aim of this study was to explore clinician's experiences of caring for women when facilitating a vaginal breech birth.A descriptive exploratory design was undertaken. Nine clinicians (obstetricians and midwives) from two tertiary hospitals in Australia who regularly facilitate vaginal breech birth were interviewed. The interviews were analysed thematically.Participants were five obstetricians and four midwives. There were two overarching themes that arose from the data: Facilitation of and Barriers to vaginal breech birth. A number of sub-themes are described in the paper.In order to facilitate vaginal breech birth and ensure it is given as an option to women, it is necessary to educate, upskill and support colleagues to increase their confidence and abilities, carefully counsel and select suitable women, and approach the option in a calm, collaborative way.
Catling, C, Petrovska, K, Watts, NP, Bisits, A & Homer, CS 2016, 'Care during the decision-making phase for women who want a vaginal breech birth: Experiences from the field.', Midwifery, vol. 34, pp. 111-116.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
few women are given the option of a vaginal breech birth in Australia, unless the clinicians feel confident and have the skills to facilitate this mode of birth. Few studies describe how clinicians provide care during the decision-making phase for women who choose a vaginal breech birth. The aim of this study was to explore how experienced clinicians facilitated decisions about external cephalic version and mode of birth for women who have a breech presentation.a descriptive exploratory design was undertaken with nine experienced clinicians (obstetricians and midwives) from two tertiary hospitals in Australia. Data were collected through face to face interviews and analysed thematically.five obstetricians and four midwives participated in this study. All were experienced in caring for women having a vaginal breech birth and were currently involved in providing such a service. The themes that arose from the data were: Pitching the discussion, Discussing safety and risk, Being calm and Providing continuity of care.caring for women who seek a vaginal breech birth includes careful selection of appropriate women, full discussions outlining the risks involved, and undertaking care with a calm manner, ensuring continuity of care. Health services considering establishing a vaginal breech service should consider that these elements are included in the establishment and implementation processes.
Homer, CSE, Watts, NP, Petrovska, K, Sjostedt, CM & Bisits, A 2015, 'Women's experiences of planning a vaginal breech birth in Australia', BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, vol. 15, pp. 89-89.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site