Scudder, N, McNevin, D, Kelty, SF, Funk, C, Walsh, SJ & Robertson, J 2019, 'Policy and regulatory implications of the new frontier of forensic genomics: direct-to-consumer genetic data and genealogy records', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 194-216.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Scudder, N, Robertson, J, Kelty, SF, Walsh, SJ & McNevin, D 2019, 'A law enforcement intelligence framework for use in predictive DNA phenotyping', AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, vol. 51, pp. S255-S258.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Scudder, N, Robertson, J, Kelty, SF, Walsh, SJ & McNevin, D 2019, 'An international consideration of a standards-based approach to forensic genetic genealogy', Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 512-514.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Forensic genetic genealogy has moved into limited operational use in the United States, and received international attention following the arrest of a suspect alleged to be the notorious 'Golden State Killer'. The interest in this emerging area has seen the development of online courses to train investigators to pursue forensic genetic genealogy leads and the emergence of service providers marketing directly to law enforcement. Forensic genetic genealogy is an intelligence capability and can draw on existing intelligence doctrine. The power of genetic genealogy requires consideration of relevant standards, national or international. The development of these standards requires close consideration of public trust and privacy issues, including the application of the General Data Protection Regulation in Europe and constitutional issues in countries such as the United States. It also requires a consideration of potential regulatory mechanisms and options.
Scudder, N, Robertson, J, Kelty, SF, Walsh, SJ & McNevin, D 2019, 'Crowdsourced and crowdfunded: the future of forensic DNA?', Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, pp. 1-7.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Forensic DNA analysis is dependent on comparing the known and the unknown. Expand the number of known profiles, and the likelihood of a successful match increases. Forensic use of DNA is moving towards comparing samples of unknown origin with publicly available genetic data, such as the records held by genetic genealogy providers. Use of forensic genetic genealogy has yielded a number of recent high-profile successes but has raised ethical and privacy concerns. Navigating family trees is complex, even more so when combined with a comparison of genetic relationships. This intelligence-gathering process has led to occasional false leads, and its use also risks a public backlash, similar to concerns over Cambridge Analytica. A cautious approach to use of this technique is therefore warranted.
Scudder, N, McNevin, D, Kelty, SF, Walsh, SJ & Robertson, J 2018, 'Forensic DNA phenotyping: Developing a model privacy impact assessment.', Forensic science international. Genetics, vol. 34, pp. 222-230.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Forensic scientists around the world are adopting new technology platforms capable of efficiently analysing a larger proportion of the human genome. Undertaking this analysis could provide significant operational benefits, particularly in giving investigators more information about the donor of genetic material, a particularly useful investigative lead. Such information could include predicting externally visible characteristics such as eye and hair colour, as well as biogeographical ancestry. This article looks at the adoption of this new technology from a privacy perspective, using this to inform and critique the application of a Privacy Impact Assessment to this emerging technology. Noting the benefits and limitations, the article develops a number of themes that would influence a model Privacy Impact Assessment as a contextual framework for forensic laboratories and law enforcement agencies considering implementing forensic DNA phenotyping for operational use.
Scudder, N, McNevin, D, Kelty, SF, Walsh, SJ & Robertson, J 2018, 'Massively parallel sequencing and the emergence of forensic genomics: Defining the policy and legal issues for law enforcement.', Science and Justice - Journal of the Forensic Science Society, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 153-158.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Use of DNA in forensic science will be significantly influenced by new technology in coming years. Massively parallel sequencing and forensic genomics will hasten the broadening of forensic DNA analysis beyond short tandem repeats for identity towards a wider array of genetic markers, in applications as diverse as predictive phenotyping, ancestry assignment, and full mitochondrial genome analysis. With these new applications come a range of legal and policy implications, as forensic science touches on areas as diverse as 'big data', privacy and protected health information. Although these applications have the potential to make a more immediate and decisive forensic intelligence contribution to criminal investigations, they raise policy issues that will require detailed consideration if this potential is to be realised. The purpose of this paper is to identify the scope of the issues that will confront forensic and user communities.
© 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The health and safety of people at work are vitally important. The health and safety of forensic practitioners, who have to contend with a unique range of hazards, pose a challenge for both practitioners and management. While there are a myriad of hazards to deal with, effective controls of the risks can be undertaken, provided a systematic process is in place.Forensic practitioners work within the office and laboratory, as well as external environments outside of the control of management. Forensic practitioners can respond to major crime scenes in residential, corporate, industrial, and public places, ranging from a murder in a park to a postblast scene or an international deployment involving Disaster Victim Identification. The diverse role performed by forensic practitioners has challenged health and safety in this unique environment.This article discusses the value of documented risk assessments, introduces the concept of dynamic risk assessments and hierarchy of controls, besides providing specific information about a range of hazards identified in the laboratory and in the field.