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Yang, M & Sharma, D 2020, 'The Spatiality and Temporality of Electricity Reform: A Comparative and Critical Institutional Perspective', ENERGY RESEARCH & SOCIAL SCIENCE, vol. 60.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Yang, M, Xu, X, Chen, S & Zhu, L 2020, 'Blockchain-based Solution for Managing Renewable-based Microgrids', IEEE Blockchain Technical Briefs.
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Chen, F, Zheng, X & Yang, M 2019, 'Effect of Policy Incentives on the Uptake of Electric Vehicles in China', SUSTAINABILITY, vol. 11, no. 12.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Chen, F, Zheng, X & Yang, M 2019, 'Effect of policy incentives on the uptake of electric vehicles in China', Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 11, no. 12.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. In the backdrop of growing public concerns about climate change and air pollution, and the contribution of petroleum combustion in the transport sector to these issues, China has introduced a range of policy incentives for promoting the uptake of electric vehicles (EVs). These incentives have resulted in a rapid increase in EV stocks since the early 2010s, and this trend is expected to continue, or even accelerate, in the years to come, which would, in turn, lead to a policy-oriented EV market. The primary objective of the project is to develop an understanding of the effect of various policy incentives on EV uptake based on annual data of 43 cities from 2011 to 2017, and these policies mainly refer to those that focus on EV purchasing, registering, driving, and charging stages. The novelty of this paper is that we focused on policy effect on EV adoption behavior, rather than adoption intention which has widely been analyzed in previous studies. Results showed that the abolishment of purchasing and driving restriction, government subsidies, purchase tax exemption, and dedicated license plates significantly promote EV diffusion, and the effect of the two restrictions are more powerful. Thus, this study suggested that abolishment of purchasing and driving restrictions can be insisted to drive EV market share, meanwhile improving policies that can guide consumers through various motivations are also necessary.
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Yang, M, Chen, F, Zheng, X & Li, C 2019, 'Would personal carbon trading enhance individual adopting intention of battery electric vehicles more effectively than a carbon tax?', Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 149, pp. 638-645.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The implementation of carbon tax (CT) and personal carbon trading (PCT) to transport choices has recently been considered as an approach to draw individual attention to reduce carbon emissions. Since PCT can provide multi motivations, its effectiveness in changing individual adopting decision of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) was hypothesized higher than that of CT. By using the choice experiment method, potential effects of the two policy schemes have been explored and compared. The results showed evidence that both of them could effectively encourage the adoption of BEVs, and the effectiveness of PCT is relatively higher than that of CT. They were shown to be more effective than purchase tax exemption, no driving restriction, and charging discount, but less effective than no purchase restriction. In addition, barriers like purchase price, driving range, and charging time were proved to be less effective than CT, PCT, no purchase restriction, purchase tax exemption, no driving restriction and charging discount. These findings provide insight into further understanding the mechanism of CT and PCT, have important implications to their practical implementation in transport sector, and help perfecting the promotion strategies of BEVs in the future.
Yang, M, Sandu, S, Li, W & Khalid, MT 2019, 'Renewable energy in Australia: a wider policy discourse', Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 241-253.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Sandu, S, Yang, M, Mahlia, TMI, Wongsapai, W, Ong, HC, Putra, N & Ashrafur Rahman, SM 2019, 'Energy-related CO2 emissions growth in ASEAN countries: Trends, drivers and policy implications', Energies, vol. 12, no. 24.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. The primary objective of this paper is to analyse the growth of energy-related CO2 emissions in ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), with specific emphasis on identifying its trends and underlying drivers. This objective is premised on the arguments that: (1) there is a general lack of analysis of energy-related CO2 emissions growth across ASEAN countries; and (2) such an analysis is critical, because it could enable an assessment to be made of the efficacy of existing energy policies for reducing emissions. Decomposition analysis is the main approach adopted in this paper. The findings of this paper suggest that the growth of energy-related CO2 emissions has slowed in some major emitters in the region, due to energy efficiency improvement, and, to a lesser extent, a gradual switch in energy fuel mix towards lower emission sources (gas and renewables). However, this improvement is unlikely to drive a major transformation in the energy sectors of the region to the extent considered adequate for redressing the challenge of rising emissions, as indicated by a steady emissions growth in most ASEAN countries over the entire study period (1971–2016). By implication, this suggests that a significant scale-up of existing policy effort is needed to rectify the situations.
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Yang, T, Geng, J & Yang, M 2018, 'Effects of personal carbon trading on the decision to adopt battery electric vehicles: Analysis based on a choice experiment in Jiangsu, China', Applied Energy, vol. 209, pp. 478-488.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. The implementation of personal carbon trading (PCT) to influence transport choices has recently been suggested as a method to reduce private carbon emissions. In this study, we conducted a choice experiment in Jiangsu, China, to evaluate if PCT influences individual decisions to adopt battery electric vehicles (BEVs). The results showed that PCT can effectively change the decision to adopt and encourage the adoption of BEVs. PCT was shown to be more effective than free parking as well as eliminating road tolls, vehicle and vessel tax, and purchase tax, but less effective than government subsidies. In addition, we found that improving some BEV performance attributes was preferred to policy incentives, including PCT. These results improve our understanding of the effectiveness of PCT and the individual decision to adopt BEVs. Our findings could facilitate the practical implementation of PCT and provide suitable guidelines for developing BEV promotion strategies.
Sharma, D, Sandu, S & Yang, M 2020, 'A Methodological Framework for Assessing Macroeconomic Impacts of Energy Security Improvements in Asia' in Soytas, U & Sari, R (eds), Routledge Handbook of Energy Economics, Taylor & Francis, Great Britain, pp. 446-457.
The Asian countries have experienced significant economic growth since the late 20th century, and these trends are expected to continue in the years to come (OECD 2018). This growth will however bring with it an unprecedented demand for energy. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), energy demand in the Asia-Pacific region is projected to increase by 1.8% per year over the period 2016–2040 – faster than the projected world average annual growth rate of 1.4% over the period. This will make the Asia-Pacific region the world's largest energy consumer by 2040, accounting for approximately 60% of total energy consumption (IEA 2017). Such rapid growth in energy demand could lead to a tightening of energy markets, growing import dependence, and rising price volatility, thus threatening the security of energy supply and socioeconomic prosperity of the region. The intensity of this threat could be further exacerbated by the impending threat of climate change, caused by ever-increasing rates of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from excessive use of fossil fuels. Search is therefore on for ways to redress the energy security challenge in the region. Among various policy options under consideration to redress the challenge, a broad consensus seems to have emerged on two options, namely, diversification of fuel-mix, with reduced reliance on fossil fuels and their replacement with low-emission sources (such as, wind, solar and nuclear); and energy efficiency improvements.
Several studies have been conducted to analyse the impacts of these policy options. Most of these studies have however tended to be micro-assessments, focusing on the immediate impact of specific policy measures on energy security. For example, some studies analyze measures (such as feed-in tariffs, tax exemptions, and public grants) to promote renewable energy and its impacts on fossil fuel consumption, energy prices, and emissions (Kumar 2016; Kumar, Shrestha & Abdul
Salam 2013; Mofijur et al. ...
Sharma, D, Sandu, S & Yang, M 2020, 'Analysis of Macroeconomic Impacts of Energy Security Improvements in Asia' in Soytas, U & Sari, R (eds), Routledge Handbook of Energy Economics, Taylor & Francis, Great Britain, pp. 129-150.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This chapter analyzes the macroeconomic impacts of energy security improvements in Asia, with particular emphasis on the trade-offs that policy makers may like to consider while designing policies to redress the energy security challenge in the region. This analysis is based on estimates of impacts obtained from the application of the methodology described in Chapter 31. The cases in point for the analysis are provided by seven major Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, and Thailand). This chapter is organized as follows. Section 2 analyzes the macroeconomic impacts of energy security improvements for the three scenarios, namely, Country Policy (CP), Country Aspiration (CA), and Sustainable Development (SD), as described in Chapter 31. Section 3 further extends this analysis to identify major policy trade-offs. Section 4 presents some broad conclusions of the chapter.
Sandu, S & Yang, M 2017, 'HOW SECURE IS EUROPE'S ENERGY SECTOR, AND HOW IT INTERACTS WITH WATER AND FOOD SECURITY?', IAEE Online Conference Proceedings, 15th IAEE European Conference 2017 'HEADING TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS: EVOLUTION OR REVOLUTION?', International Association for Energy Economics, Vienna, pp. 1-15.
Yang, M & Sharma, D 2014, 'Impacts of Electricity Market Reforms on Investments in the Power Sector', 4th International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE) Asian Conference, IAEE Online Proceedings, Beijing.