Can supervise: YES
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Premised on our contention about the narrowness of the contemporary, industry-centric, focus to understanding the causes for the underdeveloped state of electricity industry in PNG, this paper develops a governance perspective for facilitating such an understanding. The analytical framework employed for this purpose is informed by core tenets of the state-society relational theory. The analysis undertaken in this paper suggests that the development of electricity industry in PNG has been ad hoc in nature, typified by the prevalence of piecemeal efforts for redressing electricity issues of the time. Further, this ad hoc development is essentially reflective of the underlying crisis of governability, as indicated by persistent political instability and frequent changes of government. This crisis has arisen from the ubiquity of conflicts, at the local level, between the western-style formal governance framework adopted after independence, and the culturally-attuned informal governance framework that has existed in the local communities for centuries. In such environments, the government tends to focus on redressing the immediate threat of political survival. The question of long-term development of the country (including, electricity industry development) has therefore assumed a dormant role. Outcome is the persistence of underdevelopment of the electricity industry.
Yang, M & Sharma, D 2020, 'The Spatiality and Temporality of Electricity Reform: A Comparative and Critical Institutional Perspective', ENERGY RESEARCH & SOCIAL SCIENCE, vol. 60.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Yang, M, Xu, X, Chen, S & Zhu, L 2020, 'Blockchain-based Solution for Managing Renewable-based Microgrids', IEEE Blockchain Technical Briefs.
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Chen, F, Zheng, X & Yang, M 2019, 'Effect of Policy Incentives on the Uptake of Electric Vehicles in China', SUSTAINABILITY, vol. 11, no. 12.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Sandu, S, Yang, M, Mahlia, TMI, Wongsapai, W, Ong, HC, Putra, N & Ashrafur Rahman, SM 2019, 'Energy-related CO2 emissions growth in ASEAN countries: Trends, drivers and policy implications', Energies, vol. 12, no. 24.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. The primary objective of this paper is to analyse the growth of energy-related CO2 emissions in ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), with specific emphasis on identifying its trends and underlying drivers. This objective is premised on the arguments that: (1) there is a general lack of analysis of energy-related CO2 emissions growth across ASEAN countries; and (2) such an analysis is critical, because it could enable an assessment to be made of the efficacy of existing energy policies for reducing emissions. Decomposition analysis is the main approach adopted in this paper. The findings of this paper suggest that the growth of energy-related CO2 emissions has slowed in some major emitters in the region, due to energy efficiency improvement, and, to a lesser extent, a gradual switch in energy fuel mix towards lower emission sources (gas and renewables). However, this improvement is unlikely to drive a major transformation in the energy sectors of the region to the extent considered adequate for redressing the challenge of rising emissions, as indicated by a steady emissions growth in most ASEAN countries over the entire study period (1971–2016). By implication, this suggests that a significant scale-up of existing policy effort is needed to rectify the situations.
Yang, M, Sandu, S, Li, W & Khalid, MT 2019, 'Renewable energy in Australia: a wider policy discourse', Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 241-253.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Chen, F, Zheng, X & Yang, M 2019, 'Effect of policy incentives on the uptake of electric vehicles in China', Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 11, no. 12.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. In the backdrop of growing public concerns about climate change and air pollution, and the contribution of petroleum combustion in the transport sector to these issues, China has introduced a range of policy incentives for promoting the uptake of electric vehicles (EVs). These incentives have resulted in a rapid increase in EV stocks since the early 2010s, and this trend is expected to continue, or even accelerate, in the years to come, which would, in turn, lead to a policy-oriented EV market. The primary objective of the project is to develop an understanding of the effect of various policy incentives on EV uptake based on annual data of 43 cities from 2011 to 2017, and these policies mainly refer to those that focus on EV purchasing, registering, driving, and charging stages. The novelty of this paper is that we focused on policy effect on EV adoption behavior, rather than adoption intention which has widely been analyzed in previous studies. Results showed that the abolishment of purchasing and driving restriction, government subsidies, purchase tax exemption, and dedicated license plates significantly promote EV diffusion, and the effect of the two restrictions are more powerful. Thus, this study suggested that abolishment of purchasing and driving restrictions can be insisted to drive EV market share, meanwhile improving policies that can guide consumers through various motivations are also necessary.
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Yang, M, Chen, F, Zheng, X & Li, C 2019, 'Would personal carbon trading enhance individual adopting intention of battery electric vehicles more effectively than a carbon tax?', Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 149, pp. 638-645.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The implementation of carbon tax (CT) and personal carbon trading (PCT) to transport choices has recently been considered as an approach to draw individual attention to reduce carbon emissions. Since PCT can provide multi motivations, its effectiveness in changing individual adopting decision of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) was hypothesized higher than that of CT. By using the choice experiment method, potential effects of the two policy schemes have been explored and compared. The results showed evidence that both of them could effectively encourage the adoption of BEVs, and the effectiveness of PCT is relatively higher than that of CT. They were shown to be more effective than purchase tax exemption, no driving restriction, and charging discount, but less effective than no purchase restriction. In addition, barriers like purchase price, driving range, and charging time were proved to be less effective than CT, PCT, no purchase restriction, purchase tax exemption, no driving restriction and charging discount. These findings provide insight into further understanding the mechanism of CT and PCT, have important implications to their practical implementation in transport sector, and help perfecting the promotion strategies of BEVs in the future.
Li, W, Long, R, Chen, H, Yang, T, Geng, J & Yang, M 2018, 'Effects of personal carbon trading on the decision to adopt battery electric vehicles: Analysis based on a choice experiment in Jiangsu, China', Applied Energy, vol. 209, pp. 478-488.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. The implementation of personal carbon trading (PCT) to influence transport choices has recently been suggested as a method to reduce private carbon emissions. In this study, we conducted a choice experiment in Jiangsu, China, to evaluate if PCT influences individual decisions to adopt battery electric vehicles (BEVs). The results showed that PCT can effectively change the decision to adopt and encourage the adoption of BEVs. PCT was shown to be more effective than free parking as well as eliminating road tolls, vehicle and vessel tax, and purchase tax, but less effective than government subsidies. In addition, we found that improving some BEV performance attributes was preferred to policy incentives, including PCT. These results improve our understanding of the effectiveness of PCT and the individual decision to adopt BEVs. Our findings could facilitate the practical implementation of PCT and provide suitable guidelines for developing BEV promotion strategies.
Sharma, D, Sandu, S & Yang, M 2020, 'A Methodological Framework for Assessing Macroeconomic Impacts of Energy Security Improvements in Asia' in Soytas, U & Sari, R (eds), Routledge Handbook of Energy Economics, Taylor & Francis, Great Britain, pp. 446-457.
The Routledge Handbook of Energy Economics will be of great interest to all those studying and researching in the area of energy economic. It offers guidelines and suggestions for policy makers as well as for future research.
Sharma, D, Sandu, S & Yang, M 2020, 'Analysis of Macroeconomic Impacts of Energy Security Improvements in Asia' in Soytas, U & Sari, R (eds), Routledge Handbook of Energy Economics, Taylor & Francis, Great Britain, pp. 129-150.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This chapter analyzes the macroeconomic impacts of energy security improvements in Asia, with particular emphasis on the trade-offs that policy makers may like to consider while designing policies to redress the energy security challenge in the region. This analysis is based on estimates of impacts obtained from the application of the methodology described in Chapter 31. The cases in point for the analysis are provided by seven major Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, and Thailand). This chapter is organized as follows. Section 2 analyzes the macroeconomic impacts of energy security improvements for the three scenarios, namely, Country Policy (CP), Country Aspiration (CA), and Sustainable Development (SD), as described in Chapter 31. Section 3 further extends this analysis to identify major policy trade-offs. Section 4 presents some broad conclusions of the chapter.
Sandu, S & Yang, M 2017, 'HOW SECURE IS EUROPE'S ENERGY SECTOR, AND HOW IT INTERACTS WITH WATER AND FOOD SECURITY?', IAEE Online Conference Proceedings, 15th IAEE European Conference 2017 'HEADING TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS: EVOLUTION OR REVOLUTION?', International Association for Energy Economics, Vienna, pp. 1-15.
Yang, M & Sharma, D 2014, 'Impacts of Electricity Market Reforms on Investments in the Power Sector', 4th International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE) Asian Conference, IAEE Online Proceedings, Beijing.