Personality, behavioural and statistical predictors of health.
Misuse of statistics in behavioural health and public debate.
Fantasy prone personality and health.
Cross-cultural psychology and health.
Predictors for integration and acculturation of migrants.
Developing resilience in communities (particularly in the era of social media).
Collecting and hoarding behaviour.
Groupthink. Cognitive bias.
Denialism of scientific evidence (particularly health-related).
Lucas, C, Smith, L, Lonie, JM, Hough, M, Rogers, K & Mantzourani, E 2019, 'Can a reflective rubric be applied consistently with raters globally? A study across three countries.', Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 987-994.View/Download from: Publisher's site
INTRODUCTION:Reflection is a powerful tool for assisting students to develop the skills to make better informed decisions. As a pharmacy competency standard, reliable and fair assessment strategies are required to measure reflective skills and support students in developing their reflective capacity. The aim of this research was to explore whether we can extend the applicability of a previously tested rubric to a range of educational settings, to account for diversity of pharmacy educators and curricula internationally. METHODS:Four raters from three countries applied a reflective rubric to assess a sample (n = 43) of reflective accounts, representing 41% of a cohort of 105 second-year undergraduate pharmacy students. The interrater reliability (IRR) was measured utilizing the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), using a two-way random effects model with absolute agreement, to determine the level of agreement between the raters' absolute scores. Generalizability Theory analysis was used to estimate generalizability of raters and stages. RESULTS:Results indicated agreement of raters for (i) each of the seven stages of reflection and (ii) overall score for the reflective account, with moderate to substantial agreement (ICC = 0.55-0.69, p < 0.001); and high agreement for all raters for the overall score (ICC = 0.96, p < 0.001), respectively. The G-Study estimated a relative error coefficient of 0.78. CONCLUSION:This additional analysis further confirms the reliability and applicability of the rubric to a range of rater academic backgrounds.
Abbas, M, Sitharthan, G, Hough, MJ & Hossain, SZ 2018, 'An exploratory study of acculturation among Muslims in Australia', Social Identities, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 764-778.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Muslims constitute 2.2% of the Australian population. Given the current socio-political climate and the limited research, the present exploratory study explores the relationship between acculturation, ethnic identity, self-identity, generational status, religiosity, and demographics among adult Australian Muslims.
A cross-sectional convenience sample of 324 adult Australian Muslims completed either online or paper-based questionnaires in either English or Arabic. Recruitment was via convenience sampling and social media advertisements. Acculturation, ethnic identity (MEIM), religiosity, and demographic variables were measured.
The study sample was young and mostly female, with high religiosity levels. Acculturation was negatively correlated with ethnic identity. From multiple regression analysis, acculturation was predicted independently by religiosity (low), age (young), gender (male) and ethnic identity (low).
First generation Australian Muslims were older, had stronger ethnic identity and religiosity, and more commonly self-identified as non-Australian. By contrast second- and third-generation were more likely to self-identify as bicultural or Australian.
In summary, acculturation of Australian Muslims is influenced by multiple variables, particularly ethnic identity, religiosity, and generation; hence all these variables need to be included in policy regarding successful integration of migrants.
Brown, J, Jiménez, AL, Sabanathan, D, Sekamanya, S, Hough, M, Sutton, J, Rodríguez, J & García Coll, C 2018, 'Factors related to attitudes toward diversity in Australia, Malaysia, and Puerto Rico', Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 475-493.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hough, M 2017, 'A short history of the Book Collectors Society of Australia, 1944-1981.', Biblionews and Australian Notes and Queries: journal for book collectors, no. no 395-396, pp. 91-98.
Sitharthan, G, Sitharthan, T & Hough, MJ 2009, 'Alcohol versus placebo drinks in reducing feelings of sadness: Pilot study', Australian Psychologist, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 248-252.
Sitharthan, T, Job, RFS, Kavanagh, DJ, Sitharthan, G & Hough, M 2003, 'Development of a controlled drinking self-efficacy scale and appraising its relation to alcohol dependence', Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 351-362.View/Download from: Publisher's site
There is no specific self-efficacy measure that has been developed primarily for problem drinkers seeking a moderation drinking goal. In this article, we report the factor structure of a 20-item Controlled Drinking Self-Efficacy Scale (CDSES; Sitharthan et al., 1996: Sitharthan et al., 1997). The results indicate that the CDSES is highly reliable, and the factor analysis using the full sample identified four factors: negative affect, positive mood/social context, frequency of drinking, and consumption quantity. A similar factor structure was obtained for the subsample of men. In contrast, only three factors emerged in the analysis of data on female participants. Compared to women, men had low self-efficacy to control their drinking in situations relating to positive mood/social context, and subjects with high alcohol dependence had low self-efficacy for situations relating to negative affect, social situations, and drinking less frequently. The CDSES can be a useful measure in treatment programs providing a moderation drinking goal. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Sitharthan, G, Hough, MJ, Sitharthan, T & Kavanagh, DJ 2001, 'The Alcohol Helplessness Scale and its prediction of depression among problem drinkers', Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 1445-1457.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Event-specific scales commonly have greater power than generalized scales in prediction of specific disorders and in testing mediator models for predicting such disorders. Therefore, in a preliminary study, a 6-item Alcohol Helplessness Scale was constructed and found to be reliable for a sample of 98 problem drinkers. Hierarchical multiple regression and its derivative path analysis were used to test whether helplessness and self-efficacy moderate or mediate the link between alcohol dependence and depression. A test of a moderation model was not supported, whereas a test of a mediation model was supported. Helplessness and self-efficacy both significantly and independently mediated between alcohol dependence and depression. Nevertheless, a significant direct effect of alcohol dependence on depression also remained. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Covic, T, Adamson, B & Hough, MJ 2000, 'The impact of passive coping on rheumatoid arthritis pain', Rheumatology, vol. 39, pp. 1027-1030.
Sitharthan, T, Sitharthan, G, Hough, MJ & Kavanagh, DJ 1997, 'Cue exposure in moderation drinking: A comparison with cognitive- behavior therapy', Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 878-882.View/Download from: Publisher's site
To date, the published controlled trials on exposure to alcohol cues have had an abstinence treatment goal. A modification of cue exposure (CE) for moderation drinking, which incorporated priming doses of alcohol, could train participants to stop drinking after 2 to 3 drinks. This study examined the effects of modified CE within sessions, combined with directed homework practice. Nondependent problem drinkers who requested a moderation drinking goal were randomly allocated to modified CE or standard cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for alcohol abuse. Both interventions were delivered in 6 90- min group sessions. Eighty-one percent of eligible participants completed treatment and follow-up assessment. Over 6 months, CE produced significantly greater reductions than CBT in participants' reports of drinking frequency and consumption on each occasion. No pretreatment variables significantly predicted outcome. The modified CE procedure appears viable for nondependent drinkers who want to adopt a moderate drinking goal.
Howard, PF & Hough, MJ 1979, 'On the geochemistry and origin of the D Tree, Wonarah, and Sherrin Creek phosporite deposits of the Georgina Basin, northern Australia', Economic Geology, vol. 74, pp. 260-284.
Hough, MJ 2003, 'Correlation and regression' in Minichiello, V, Sullivan, G, Greenwood, K & Axford, R (eds), Handbook of research methods for nursing and health science, Prentice Hall Health, Sydney, pp. 574-597.
Hough, MJ 1999, 'Correlation and regression' in Minichiello, V, Sullivan, G, Greenwood, K & Axford, R (eds), Handbook for research methods in health sciences, Addison-Wesley, Sydney, pp. 529-550.
Hough, MJ 2006, 'Fantasy-absorption: A little-known personality trait predicting health change'.