Maxwell, H, O’Shea, M, Stronach, M & Pearce, S 2020, 'Empowerment through digital health trackers: an exploration of Indigenous Australian women and physical activity in leisure settings', Annals of Leisure Research.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019, © 2019 Australia and New Zealand Association of Leisure Studies. Drawing on a strengths-based empowerment approach and Indigenous traditions of ‘yarning’, this research explores how digital health technologies might contribute to Indigenous Australian women’s increased participation in physical activity in leisure settings. While people have long controlled their bodies, conventionally through diaries and weight scales, digital self-tracking of one’s bodily states and activities continues to expand. No previous studies have addressed how these technologies influence physical activity among this population and there is limited research about Indigenous Australian people’s leisure experiences and the meanings they attribute to them. Accordingly, this research contributes to an under researched area of health and leisure studies concerned with understanding the social, narrative and affective facets of individuals’ practices and experiences. Key findings from the pilot study include intersections between the use of health trackers and Indigenous women’s prioritizing time for leisure, increased physical activity, enhanced health literacy, and greater personal accountability for lifestyle choices.
Adair, D, Stronach, M & Maxwell, H 2019, '‘Djabooly-djabooly: why don’t they swim?’: the ebb and flow of water in the lives of Australian Aboriginal women', Annals of Leisure Research, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 286-304.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Aquatic activities have been pivotal to the lifestyle of Australian Indigenous peoples for millennia. That historical connection with rivers, streams and beaches is a largely untold story. This paper considers one aspect of the story: the significance swimming for Aboriginal women. Aquatic activities were, for many Aboriginal communities, crucial for food, movement and leisure.
Even a cursory trawl through newspapers and memoirs provides observations about the prowess of Aboriginal women as swimmers. But this skill-set dissipated in the wake of territorial conflict, resulting in the displacement or erosion of Aboriginal communities in coastal areas.
The paper then moves to the contemporary era, starting with an assumption that the passion for, swimming has been lost for Aboriginal women. Stories about female Indigenous swimmers, alongside the recollections of two mature-age women, present a story of limited opportunity, discrimination and challenges by way of access to water and safety therein.
Stronach, M, Maxwell, H & Pearce, S 2019, 'Indigenous Australian women promoting health through sport', Sport Management Review, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 5-20.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2018 Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand The authors explore the sporting experiences and community strengths of Indigenous Australian women. The intention is to inform both health promotion and contemporary sport management strategies, and policies and practices, leading to better health outcomes for this cohort. The authors employ an interpretative qualitative methodology, which involves the combination of data from a range of sources, including interviews and focus groups with 22 Indigenous women living in urban and rural areas, narratives from elite Indigenous athletes and coaches, as well as findings from a recent Australian Parliamentary inquiry into Indigenous health and wellbeing. Drawing from an agency/empowerment theoretical framework, the authors posit that, given support and opportunities, Indigenous women can become empowered to improve their mental and physical health through participation in sport. Sport managers can facilitate Indigenous women's agency in the effects of colonisation, which continues to be the basis of health issues for this cohort. Listening to Indigenous women and facilitating opportunities for them to take control of their own participation can help facilitate this process. Indigenous-women's only opportunities, partnerships with health agencies and sports organisations, culturally safe spaces and Indigenous women acting as role models are some factors that may augment Indigenous women's agency, and thus empowerment. Government, sports, community organisations and health agencies which provide these conditions in their program design can help to overcome entrenched social, historical and health inequalities that Indigenous women may experience.
Maxwell, H, Stronach, M, Adair, D & Pearce, S 2017, 'Indigenous Australian women and sport: Findings and recommendations from a parliamentary inquiry', Sport in Society, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 1500-1529.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Researchers have consistently pointed to positive links between
sport, physical activity, health and wellbeing amongst marginalized
population groups. This paper concentrates on a group about which
little is presently known in terms of these links - Indigenous women
in Australia. The catalyst for this focus is twofold: demographic data
that, while sparse, suggests that this group has very low levels of
participation in sport and associated physical activity; and second,
a recent parliamentary inquiry into Indigenous sport in which the
participation of women featured in several submissions. Both data sets
confirm that Indigenous women are significantly underrepresented in
the Australian sporting landscape. There is no systematic knowledge
about why this is so. The present study contributes to that small
body of literature by considering (a) evidence about participation
rates of Indigenous women in sport; and (b) the aspirations of sport
organizations to attract Indigenous women into their programs.
Lea, EJ, Andrews, S, Stronach, M, Marlow, A & Robinson, AL 2017, 'Using action research to build mentor capacity to improve orientation and quality of nursing student aged care placements: what to do when the phone rings', Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 13-14, pp. 1893-1905.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Using action research to build mentor capacity to improve orientation and quality of nursing student aged care placements: what to do when the phone rings
Stronach, M, Maxwell, H & Taylor, T 2016, '‘Sistas’ and Aunties: sport, physical activity, and Indigenous Australian women', Annals of Leisure Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 7-26.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2015 Australia and New Zealand Association of Leisure Studies. Indigenous women have alarmingly low rates of participation in organized sport and physical activity (PA) in contemporary Australian society. To gain a better contextual and cultural understanding of the issues involved, we discussed the life experiences and the place of sport and PA with 22 Indigenous women. The research was guided by a culturally appropriate interpretative qualitative methodology. A complex amalgamation of cultural beliefs and traditions, history, gendered factors, and geography are presented in the women's stories. Sport and PA were highly regarded, providing the women with opportunities to maintain strong communities, preserve culture, and develop distinct identities as ‘enablers’. The women called for culturally safe spaces in which to engage in PA and noted the need for Indigenous females to act as role models. The study provides preliminary understandings that can be used to facilitate greater sport and PA inclusion, and implications for future research are presented.
Adair, D & Stronach, M 2014, 'Kwementyaye (Charles) Perkins: Indigenous Soccer Player and Australian Political Activist', The International Journal of the History of Sport, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 778-794.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Stronach, MM & Adair, D 2014, 'Dadirri: Using a Philosophical Approach to Research to Build Trust between a Non-Indigenous Researcher and Indigenous Participants', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 117-134.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This article focuses on a philosophical approach employed in a PhD research project that set out to investigate sport career transition (SCT) experiences of elite Indigenous Australian sportsmen. The research was necessary as little is known about the transition of this cohort to a life after sport, or their experiences of retirement. A key problem within the SCT paradigm is a presumption that an end to elite sport requires a process of adjustment that is common to all sportspeople—a rather narrow perspective that fails to acknowledge the situational complexity and socio-cultural diversity of elite athletes. With such a range of personal circumstances, it is reasonable to suppose that athletes from different cultural groups will have different individual SCT needs. The researcher is non-Indigenous and mature aged: she encountered a number of challenges in her efforts to understand Indigenous culture and its important sensitivities, and to build trust with the Indigenous male participants she interviewed. An Indigenous philosophy known as Dadirri, which emphasises deep and respectful listening, guided the development of the research design and methodology. Consistent with previous studies conducted by non-Indigenous researchers, an open-ended and conversational approach to interviewing Indigenous respondents was developed. The objective was for the voices of the athletes to be heard, allowing the collection of rich data based on the participants’ perspectives about SCT. An overview of the findings is presented, illustrating that Indigenous athletes experience SCT in complex and distinctive ways. The article provides a model for non-Indigenous researchers to conduct qualitative research with Indigenous people.
Equality of opportunity is an ideal not always realized in community sport settings. This research explores if the symbolic notion of a ‘fair go’ can be enabled, and if so how participation opportunities can be enabled in community sport programme design to accommodate the variety of needs found in diverse population groups. We answer the research question, how is social inclusion interpreted in the mechanisms that support and sustain locally based community sport programmes? Using a mixed methodology, multiple case study approach, in the setting of an iconic Australian Civil Society Organization, programmes designed to engage recent migrants or refugees unfamiliar with Australian surf conditions and people with disabilities are analysed. Programmes were analysed using Bailey's social inclusion framework, encompassing spatial, relational, functional and power dimensions. Through comparative analysis, fundamental practices that allowed sustained implementation of socially inclusive programmes are identified. Additionally, the framework draws out the elements of the programmes that could be improved.
Stronach, MM & Adair, D 2010, 'Lords of the square ring: Future capital and career transition issues for elite indigenous Australian boxers', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Jo..., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 46-70.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
In Australia a serious and widely documented statistical gap exists between the socio-economic circumstances of the countrys Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. Areas of divergence include life expectancy, health, housing, income, and educational opportunity and employment. This has made career attainment problematic for most Aboriginal people. Among male Indigenous people, professional sport is portrayed as one of the few realms in which they can prosper. This is particularly true in the major football codes Australian Rules and rugby league and a feature of elite-level boxing, where Indigenous fighters are also statistically over-represented. However, while sport has provided opportunities for a small number of talented Indigenous athletes, it has rarely been a pathway to lifelong prosperity. This paper contends that as a result of over-reliance on an abundant bank of physical capital, Indigenous Australian boxers are particularly vulnerable to potential occupational obsolescence should their bodily assets erode more quickly than envisaged. Drawing on an Indigenous concept, Dadirri, to inform a wider interpretive phenomenological approach, the paper examines retirement experiences of fourteen elite male Indigenous Australian boxers; the goal of this research is to understand their post-sport career decision making. In this respect, Pierre Bourdieus concepts of habitus, capital and field are utilised to frame and interpret the capacity of Indigenous boxers to develop sustainable career pathways which we describe as future capital during their time as elite athletes.
Stronach, MM & Adair, D 2009, ''Brave new world' or 'sticky wicket'? Women, management and organizational power in Cricket Australia', Sport in Society, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 910-932.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
In 2003 the men's Australian Cricket Board (ACB) and Women's Cricket Australia (WCA) amalgamated to form a gender integrated national body, Cricket Australia. This essay shows that this new organization has served the interests of women well in a number of key areas, including junior development, coaching of talented youth, financial support and scholarships. There have also been modest improvements to the publicity and profile of the women's game. Yet these benefits are, arguably, compromised by an arm's length managerial strategy in which women have little decision-making voice in the state organizations, and are absent from the board of CA itself. The men who run the game of cricket have recourse to substantial amounts of revenue and sponsorship income, which are deployed as they see fit. We argue that if women's cricket is to emerge out of the shadow of the men's game, it is vital to have female representation on the CA board and more generally among state cricket organizations.
Adair, D & Stronach, M 2017, 'Kwementyaye (Charles) Perkins: Indigenous Soccer Player and Australian Political Activist' in Nauright, J & Wiggins, D (eds), Sport and Revolutionaries Reclaiming the Historical Role of Sport in Social and Political Activism, Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, pp. 86-102.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This collection examines the role of sport in the lives of key revolutionary thinkers and leftist activists.
Adair, D & Stronach, MM 2011, 'Natural-Born Athletes? Australian Aboriginal People and the Double-Edged Lure of Professional Sport' in Spracklen, K & Long, J (eds), Sport and Challenges to Racism, Palgrave MacMillan, London, pp. 117-134.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
In examining race in sport, this book is an essential contribution to debates about sports policy, the role of sport in society, and the globalization/localization of sports policies. In particular, it maps out local, national and international responses within sport to racism, and initiatives within sport to tackle racism in and through sport. The unifying concept through the chapters is a political and intellectual commitment to a critically realist position on racism. This collection, including an international line-up of contributors, assesses anti-racism strategies in the context of practices, policies and challenges. Combining empirical research with more theoretically-framed understandings of policies about and towards racism, this book is more than a set of case studies of different experiences: its goal is to map the dimensions of the challenge to racism in and through sport.