Dr Rahman has completed his PhD on renewable energy in September 2017 from CQUniversity, Australia. He completed his M. Eng. Sc. from University of Malaya, Malaysia in January 2014 and B. Sc. in Mechanical Engineering from Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology in 2010. He also completed Diploma in Power Technology from Barisal Polytechnic Institute, Bangladesh in 2005. Prior to his appointment at UTS, Dr Rahman joined as an adjunct research fellow at Central Queensland University to work on the exploration of new energy source, air pollution, renewable energy and engine combustion. He also worked as a research assistant from 2011 to 2014 at University of Malaya. He has expertise in discovering advanced biofuel for the internal combustion engine, biofuel conversion and characterisation, experimental and associated diagnostic techniques in the engine combustion. Dr Rahman has published over 40 peer-reviewed papers as first and co-authors within the last seven years. Dr Rahman is a guest editor of two international journal including "ENERGIES" and "POLYMER".
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
Institute of Engineers, Bangladesh (IEB)
Institute of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM)
1. Alternative Fuel
2. IC Engine Combustion
6. Air Pollution
7. Energy Conversion
8. Vehicle Emission
1. Internal Combustion Engine
2. Engineering Thermodynamics
3. Eneregy Conversion
4. Solid Materials Handling
5. Fluid Mechanics
Mahmudul, HM, Rasul, MG, Akbar, D & Mofijur, M 2019, 'Opportunities for solar assisted biogas plant in subtropical climate in Australia: A review', Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 683-690.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Household waste generation has become a serious environmental issue in recent years. However, some technologies are available to convert household domestic waste into energy. One of such techniques is the biogas generation using household waste. The biogas generation technique is not a new method of energy generation, but its production efficiency is questionable. Biogas yield from domestic waste are influenced by pH level, temperature, HRT and C/N ratio. Moisture and the temperature levels in the biogas generation systems are very critical to its production efficiency, especially this is highly affected in the colder weather condition. Solar assisted biogas plant may provide better production efficiency compared to the traditionally designed biogas plant. In this paper, the scopes and opportunities of solar assisted biogas generation are reviewed. Possible benefits and challenges associated with the solar assisted biogas generation are highlighted.
Mofijur, M, Rasul, M, Hassan, NMS & Uddin, MN 2019, 'Investigation of exhaust emissions from a stationary diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel', Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 791-797.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This paper studied the production of waste cooking biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engine. The biodiesel was produced through conventional transesterification process using the base catalyst (KOH). A multi-cylinder diesel engine was used to evaluate the emission of 20% (B20) waste cooking biodiesel fuel at different engine speeds and full load condition. It was found that the characteristics of biodiesel are within the limit of specified standards (American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM D6751) and comparable to diesel fuel. Engine emission results indicated that waste cooking biodiesel fuel sample reduces the average carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM) emissions except nitrogen oxides (NOx) than diesel fuel. Finally, it can be concluded that 20% of waste cooking biodiesel can significantly contribute to lower the harmful emission of an unmodified stationary diesel engine to the environment.
Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG, Hassan, NMS & Nabi, MN 2019, 'Recent development in the production of third generation biodiesel from microalgae', Energy Procedia, vol. 156, pp. 53-58.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Increasing global energy demand at a rate faster than the population growth has led the researcher to look for alternative fuel. Amongst the options, biodiesel is an environmentally sustainable substitute of diesel fuel being renewable, biodegradable and have similar properties of fossil diesel. Among the biodiesel sources, microalgae is a potential third generation biodiesel feedstock which can be produced throughout the year and its oil yield is higher than any other crops. This paper reviews recent development in microalgae biodiesel in terms of its oil extraction technics, challenges of oil extraction, production of biodiesel from microalgae oil and its fuel properties. Finally, the paper discusses the performance and combustion analysis of diesel engine fuelled with microalgae biodiesel. This paper provides a clear understanding of the potential use of microalgae biodiesel as an alternative source to fossil diesel for diesel engines.
Uddin, MN, Rahman, MA, Mofijur, M, Taweekun, J, Techato, K & Rasul, MG 2019, 'Renewable energy in Bangladesh: Status and prospects', Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 655-661.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Global energy demand has risen sharply over the years with developing countries recording the greatest share in this trend. Biomass as an energy resource is mostly available locally and can easily be converted into secondary energy without huge capital investments. Nowadays, Bangladesh shares a percentage of renewable energy only 3% of total energy ratio, Bangladesh has already taken a master plan in the renewable energy sector. Whereas installed electricity generation installed capacity of Bangladesh rapidly increased to 13265 MW with captive generation capacity which is insufficient for fulfilling the demand of electricity of the nations. One-third of the power production of Bangladesh depends on expensive imported fossil fuel energy resources and 65% of power generation depends on a natural gas reserve of the country, though one day the reserve of current gas will be diminished. Moreover, inadequate electricity production leads the country in a un-industrialization. The present and future crucial energy crisis situation adapted by installing renewable power into electricity production. The current renewable energy agenda of Bangladeshi government force the specialization of renewable energy generation budget by decreasing global pollution with saving movement of biomass, solar, hydro, wind, and tidal power sector. This paper presents the currents national energy scenario of Bangladesh. According to this, the greater potentiality of renewable energy resources is also reviewed and presented in this paper.
Uddin, MN, Rahman, MA, Taweekun, J, Techato, K, Mofijur, M & Rasul, M 2019, 'Enhancement of biogas generation in up-flow sludge blanket (UASB) bioreactor from palm oil mill effluent (POME)', Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 670-676.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. There are numerous different sorts of pre-treatment technique have been utilized with a few impediments regarding supportable natural administration in anaerobic assimilation for improvement of biogas generation. Albeit corrosive and salt pretreatment have a huge impact on the corruption of biomass, these techniques have some negative effects on the condition because of their perilous nature, while the enzymatic pre-treatment is more environmentally friendly. In this investigation is to streamline the biogas generation by enzymatic pre-treatment from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) with assessing the improved biogas creation in a pilot scale bioreactor. It is to concentrate coordinate utilization of protein as enzymatic pre-treatment on POME to the improved generation of biogas. Proficiency of privately manufactured chemical with Up-flow Sludge Blanket (UASB) has not been researched in pilot scale previously. In this examination proficiency of COD expulsion and aggregate methane emanation is explored through pilot scale UASB bioreactor from POME through the application of enzyme and reviewed a study with the discussion.
Uddin, MN, Taweekun, J, Techato, K, Rahman, MA, Mofijur, M & Rasul, MG 2019, 'Sustainable Biomass as an Alternative Energy Source: Bangladesh Perspective', Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 648-654.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Presently, the crisis of energy has become a growing concern all over the world and a serious barrier for the developing nations. Conversely, the resources of fossil fuels are limited and depleting due to the exploration and higher production activities around the glove. The impact of fossil fuels exploration has become a serious threat for naturalism and creates environmental hazardous accidents. However, the demand for energy in Bangladesh is increasing day by day and fossil fuel reserves continue the countries demand almost only 50 years. So, it is the high time to utilize its natural biomass resources to fulfill energy demand. The climate condition and waste generation rate of Bangladesh is key factors for biomass energy production. Nowadays the Bangladeshi government has made an agenda "waste to electricity" thus the utilization of biomass resources has become a blessing for the static economic growth in the nation. Recently Bangladeshi government has made an extra effort for the commercialization and marketable of biomass energy engendering and production in the country. This paper explored the potential of biomass energy as a sustainable energy source and their future implementation challenges in Bangladesh.
Uddin, MN, Techato, K, Rasul, MG, Hassan, NMS & Mofijur, M 2019, 'Waste coffee Oil: A promising source for biodiesel production', Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 677-682.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. The oil from waste coffee possesses the potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. In this study, waste coffee grounds were collected from Turkey. Then the oil was extracted from waste coffee grounds using N-hexane. The two-step acid-base catalyst transesterification process was used to produce biodiesel as the acid value of the crude oil was found higher (15.4 mgKOH/g).This was followed by an investigation of some physical and chemical properties. It was found that the properties of waste coffee biodiesel fell within the limit of ASTM standards. So the studied physicochemical properties of the waste coffee biodiesel suggest that this fuel can be used as a fuel in diesel engines.
Damanik, N, Ong, HC, Mofijur, M, Tong, CW, Silitonga, AS, Shamsuddin, AH, Sebayang, AH, Mahlia, TMI, Wang, CT & Jang, JH 2019, 'The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel', Processes, vol. 7, no. 9.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. Nowadays, increased interest among the scientific community to explore the Calophyllum inophyllum as alternative fuels for diesel engines is observed. This research is about using mixed Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil biodiesel production and evaluation that biodiesel in a diesel engine. The Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil methyl ester (CPME) is processed using the following procedure: (1) the crude Calophyllum inophyllum and palm oils are mixed at the same ratio of 50:50 volume %, (2) degumming, (3) acid-catalysed esterification, (4) purification, and (5) alkalinecatalysed transesterification. The results are indeed encouraging which satisfy the international standards, CPME shows the high heating value (37.9 MJ/kg) but lower kinematic viscosity (4.50 mm2/s) due to change the fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) composition compared to Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester (CIME). The average results show that the blended fuels have higher Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) and NOx emissions, lower Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE), along with CO and HC emissions than diesel fuel over the entire range of speeds. Among the blends, CPME5 offered better performance compared to other fuels. It can be recommended that the CPME blend has great potential as an alternative fuel because of its excellent characteristics, better performance, and less harmful emission than CIME blends.
Mofijur, M, Mahlia, TMI, Silitonga, AS, Ong, HC, Silakhori, M, Hasan, MH, Putra, N & Ashrafur Rahman, SM 2019, 'Phase change materials (PCM) for solar energy usages and storage: An overview', Energies, vol. 12, no. 16.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 by the authors. Solar energy is a renewable energy source that can be utilized for different applications in today's world. The effective use of solar energy requires a storage medium that can facilitate the storage of excess energy, and then supply this stored energy when it is needed. An effective method of storing thermal energy from solar is through the use of phase change materials (PCMs). PCMs are isothermal in nature, and thus offer higher density energy storage and the ability to operate in a variable range of temperature conditions. This article provides a comprehensive review of the application of PCMs for solar energy use and storage such as for solar power generation, water heating systems, solar cookers, and solar dryers. This paper will benefit the researcher in conducting further research on solar power generation, water heating system, solar cookers, and solar dryers using PCMs for commercial development.
Anwar, M, Rasul, MG, Ashwath, N & Rahman, MM 2018, 'Optimisation of Second-Generation Biodiesel Production from Australian Native Stone Fruit Oil Using Response Surface Method', ENERGIES, vol. 11, no. 10.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Uddin, MN, Techato, K, Taweekun, J, Rahman, MM, Rasul, MG, Mahlia, TMI & Ashrafur, SM 2018, 'An Overview of Recent Developments in Biomass Pyrolysis Technologies', ENERGIES, vol. 11, no. 11.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Rahman, MM, Rasul, M & Hassan, NMS 2017, 'Study on the Tribological Characteristics of Australian Native First Generation and Second Generation Biodiesel Fuel', ENERGIES, vol. 10, no. 1.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rahman, MM, Rasul, MG, Hassan, NMS, Azad, AK & Uddin, MN 2017, 'Effect of small proportion of butanol additive on the performance, emission, and combustion of Australian native first- and second-generation biodiesel in a diesel engine', ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol. 24, no. 28, pp. 22402-22413.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Azad, AK, Rasul, MG, Khan, MMK, Sharma, SC, Bhuiya, MMK & Mofijur, M 2016, 'A review on socio-economic aspects of sustainable biofuels', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GLOBAL WARMING, vol. 10, no. 1-3, pp. 32-54.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Azad, AK, Rasul, MG, Khan, MMK, Sharma, SC, Mofijur, M & Bhuiya, MMK 2016, 'Prospects, feedstocks and challenges of biodiesel production from beauty leaf oil and castor oil: A nonedible oil sources in Australia', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 61, pp. 302-318.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG, Hyde, J, Azad, AK, Mamat, R & Bhuiya, MMK 2016, 'Role of biofuel and their binary (diesel-biodiesel) and ternary (ethanol-biodiesel-diesel) blends on internal combustion engines emission reduction', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 53, pp. 265-278.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rahman, MM, Rasul, M, Hassan, NMS & Hyde, J 2016, 'Prospects of Biodiesel Production from Macadamia Oil as an Alternative Fuel for Diesel Engines', ENERGIES, vol. 9, no. 6.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rashed, MM, Kalam, MA, Masjuki, HH, Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG & Zulkifli, NWM 2016, 'Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with palm, jatropha, and moringa oil methyl ester', INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS, vol. 79, pp. 70-76.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Azad, AK, Rasul, MG, Mofijur, M, Bhuiya, MMK, Mondal, SK & Sattar, MK 2015, 'Energy and waste management for petroleum refining effluents: A case study in Bangladesh', International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 2170-2187.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© Universiti Malaysia Pahang. Transport fuel is one of the major concerns of the energy market. This fuel mainly comes from the processing of crude petroleum oil. The transport fuel processing industries, such as crude oil distillation plants, gas condensate fractionation plants, natural gas processing plants, etc., are one of the most energy- and emission-intensive sectors in the world. On the other hand, the handling and transportation of petroleum products like gasoline, kerosene, diesel, naphtha, octane and sprite, etc. also produce environmental pollution. This study reviewed energy and waste management by transport fuel processing industries in Bangladesh. Such industries are also known as petrochemical industries. They mainly produce gaseous pollutants such as process gas, waste gas, etc. and liquid pollutants such as produced water, waste oil and grease, etc. The gaseous pollutants are burnt in the flare system to save the environment. The liquid pollutants are more hazardous because of their higher salinity and corrosivity and higher amounts of grease. The literature on waste water management techniques, pollution abatement techniques and oil-water separator techniques is described. The waste water treatment techniques used in the case study industries are briefly discussed. Energy flows for both gaseous and liquid waste management are developed. Energy-saving and time frame measures which can be implemented are also outlined. The study found that the rational use of energy and proper environmental management are essential for achieving the energy and environmental sustainability of transport fuel process industries.
Bhuiy, MMK, Rasul, MG, Khan, MMK, Ashwath, N, Azad, AK & Mofijur, M 2015, 'Optimisation of Oil Extraction Process from Australian Native Beauty Leaf Seed (Calophyllum inophyllum)', CLEAN, EFFICIENT AND AFFORDABLE ENERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE, vol. 75, pp. 56-61.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Habibullah, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Rahman, SMA, Mofijur, M, Mobarak, HM & Ashraful, AM 2015, 'Potential of biodiesel as a renewable energy source in Bangladesh', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 50, pp. 819-834.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Hazrat, MA, Rasul, MG & Mahmudul, HM 2015, 'Comparative Evaluation of Edible and Non-Edible Oil Methyl Ester Performance in a Vehicular Engine', CLEAN, EFFICIENT AND AFFORDABLE ENERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE, vol. 75, pp. 37-43.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Rahman, SMA & Mahmudul, HM 2015, 'Energy scenario and biofuel policies and targets in ASEAN countries', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 46, pp. 51-61.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Rasul, MG, Atabani, AE, Hazrat, MA & Mahmudul, HM 2015, 'Effect of Biodiesel-Diesel Blending on Physico-Chemical Properties of Biodiesel produced from Moringa oleifera', 6th BSME International Conference on Thermal Engineering, vol. 105, pp. 665-669.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG & Hyde, J 2015, 'Recent Developments on Internal Combustion Engine Performance and Emissions Fuelled With Biodiesel-Diesel-Ethanol Blends', 6th BSME International Conference on Thermal Engineering, vol. 105, pp. 658-664.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG, Hyde, J & Bhuyia, MMK 2015, 'Role of Biofuels on IC Engines Emission Reduction', CLEAN, EFFICIENT AND AFFORDABLE ENERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE, vol. 75, pp. 886-892.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Atabani, AE, Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Badruddin, IA, Chong, WT, Cheng, SF & Gouk, SW 2014, 'A study of production and characterization of Manketti (Ricinodendron rautonemii) methyl ester and its blends as a potential biodiesel feedstock', Biofuel Research Journal, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 139-146.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2014 BRTeam. Globally, more than 350 oil-bearing crops are known as potential biodiesel feedstocks. This study reports on production and characterization of Manketti (Ricinodendron rautonemii) methyl ester and its blends with diesel. The effect of Manketti biodiesel (B5) on engine and emissions performance was also investigated. The cloud, pour and cold filter plugging points of the produced biodiesel were measured at 1, 3 and 5 °C, respectively. However, the kinematic viscosity of the biodiesel generated was found to be 8.34 mm2/s which was higher than the limit described by ASTM D6751 and EN 14214. This can be attributed to the high kinematic viscosity of the parent oil (132.75 mm2/s). Nevertheless, blending with diesel improved this attribute. Moreover, it is observed that at all engine speeds, B5 produced lower brake power (1.18%) and higher brake specific fuel consumption (2.26%) compared to B0 (neat diesel). B5 increased the CO and HC emissions by 32.27% and 37.5%, respectively, compared to B0. However, B0 produced 5.26% higher NO emissions than B5.
Atabani, AE, Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Badruddin, IA, Kalam, MA & Chong, WT 2014, 'Effect of Croton megalocarpus, Calophyllum inophyllum, Moringa oleifera, palm and coconut biodiesel-diesel blending on their physico-chemical properties', INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS, vol. 60, pp. 130-137.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fattah, IMR, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Mofijur, M & Abedin, MJ 2014, 'Effect of antioxidant on the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with palm biodiesel blends', ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol. 79, pp. 265-272.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Atabani, AE, Arbab, MI, Cheng, SF & Gouk, SW 2014, 'Properties and use of Moringa oleifera biodiesel and diesel fuel blends in a multi-cylinder diesel engine', ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol. 82, pp. 169-176.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Atabani, AE, Fattah, IMR & Mobarak, HM 2014, 'Comparative evaluation of performance and emission characteristics of Moringa oleifera and Palm oil based biodiesel in a diesel engine', INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS, vol. 53, pp. 78-84.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rahman, MM, Hassan, MH, Kalam, MA, Atabani, AE, Memon, LA & Rahman, SMA 2014, 'Performance and emission analysis of Jatropha curcas and Moringa oleifera methyl ester fuel blends in a multi-cylinder diesel engine', JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, vol. 65, pp. 304-310.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rahman, SMA, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Abedin, MJ, Sanjid, A & Rahman, MM 2014, 'Assessing idling effects on a compression ignition engine fueled with Jatropha and Palm biodiesel blends', RENEWABLE ENERGY, vol. 68, pp. 644-650.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Liaquat, AM, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Fattah, IMR, Hazrat, MA, Varman, M, Mofijur, M & Shahabuddin, M 2013, 'Effect of coconut biodiesel blended fuels on engine performance and emission characteristics', 5TH BSME INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THERMAL ENGINEERING, vol. 56, pp. 583-590.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Mofijur, M & Shahabuddin, M 2013, 'Biofuel: policy, standardization and recommendation for sustainable future energy supply', MEDITERRANEAN GREEN ENERGY FORUM 2013: PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE MGEF-13, vol. 42, pp. 577-586.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Atabani, AE, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA & Masum, BM 2013, 'A study on the effects of promising edible and non-edible biodiesel feedstocks on engine performance and emissions production: A comparative evaluation', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 23, pp. 391-404.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA & Atabani, AE 2013, 'Evaluation of biodiesel blending, engine performance and emissions characteristics of Jatropha curcas methyl ester: Malaysian perspective', ENERGY, vol. 55, pp. 879-887.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Atabani, AE, Shahabuddin, M, Palash, SM & Hazrat, MA 2013, 'Effect of biodiesel from various feedstocks on combustion characteristics, engine durability and materials compatibility: A review', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 28, pp. 441-455.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Palash, SM, Kalam, MA, Masjuki, HH, Masum, BM, Fattah, IMR & Mofijur, M 2013, 'Impacts of biodiesel combustion on NOx emissions and their reduction approaches', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 23, pp. 473-490.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Shahabuddin, M, Liaquat, AM, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA & Mofijur, M 2013, 'Ignition delay, combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engine fueled with biodiesel', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 21, pp. 623-632.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Atabani, AE, Badruddin, IA, Mahlia, TMI, Masjuki, HH, Mofijur, M, Lee, KT & Chong, WT 2013, 'Fuel Properties of Croton megalocarpus, Calophyllum inophyllum, and Cocos nucifera (coconut) Methyl Esters and their Performance in a Multicylinder Diesel Engine', ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, vol. 1, no. 11, pp. 685-694.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Kalam, MA, Masjuki, HH, Shahabuddin, M & Mofijur, M 2012, 'Tribological characteristics of amine phosphate and octylated/butylated diphenylamine additives infused bio-lubricant', ENERGY EDUCATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PART A-ENERGY SCIENCE AND RESEARCH, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 123-136.
Liaquat, AM, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Varman, M, Hazrat, MA, Shahabuddin, M & Mofijur, M 2012, 'Application of blend fuels in a diesel engine', 2011 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN ENERGY ENGINEERING (ICAEE), vol. 14, pp. 1124-1133.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA & Shahabuddin, M 2012, 'Experimental study of additive added palm biodiesel in a compression ignition engine', Energy Education Science and Technology Part A: Energy Science and Research, vol. 30, no. SPEC .ISS.1, pp. 1-12.
In this study, the effect of anti oxidant additives on performance and emissions of a biofuelled engine was investigated experimentally and compared with diesel fuel. For this study four fuel sample including B0 (100% diesel fuel), B100 (100% palm biodiesel), B35 (35% palm biodiesel and 65% diesel) and B35+1% (B35 with 1% additives) was used in a multi cylinder compression ignition engine. Performance and emissions were investigated at various engine speeds of 1500 rpm to 4000 rpm at an interval of 250 rpm and with 50% throttle opening. To evaluate the performance characteristics brake power (BP), brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) and exhaust temperature were tested where as incase of emissions test nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), total hydrocarbon (THC) and carbon dioxide (CO2) were measured. The results showed that using 1% anti oxidant additive with higher percentages (35%) of palm biodiesel blend gave 2.7% lower brake power but it significantly reduced exhaust emissions including NOx emissions than diesel fuel. Based on this study fuel "B35+1%" (35% biodiesel with 1% additives) was achieved as a promising alternative fuel for compression ignition engine. © Sila Science.
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Hazrat, MA, Liaquat, AM, Shahabuddin, M & Varman, M 2012, 'Prospects of biodiesel from Jatropha in Malaysia', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 5007-5020.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Shahabuddin, M, Hazrat, MA & Liaquat, AM 2012, 'Palm Oil Methyl Ester and Its Emulsions Effect on Lubricant Performance and Engine Components Wear', 2011 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN ENERGY ENGINEERING (ICAEE), vol. 14, pp. 1748-1753.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Shahabuddin, M, Kalam, MA, Masjuki, HH, Bhuiya, MMK & Mofijur, M 2012, 'An experimental investigation into biodiesel stability by means of oxidation and property determination', ENERGY, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 616-622.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Shahabuddin, M, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Mofijur, M, Hazrat, MA & Liaquat, AM 2012, 'Effect of Additive on Performance of CI Engine Fuelled with Bio Diesel', 2011 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN ENERGY ENGINEERING (ICAEE), vol. 14, pp. 1624-1629.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rahman, MM, Mahlia, TMI & Uddin, MN 2019, 'Energy Efficiency Analysis in Building Walls in Tropical Climate Using Thermal Insulation System' in Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering, Elsevier.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG, Hassan, NMS, Khan, MMK & Rashedul, HK 2018, 'Gaseous and particle emissions from a compression ignition engine fueled with biodiesel–Diesel blends' in Application of Thermo-fluid Processes in Energy Systems, Springer, The Netherlands, pp. 35-56.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018. This chapter investigates the sustainability of rice bran biodiesel from environmental point of view. In this study, 5 and 20% biodiesel was tested in a naturally aspirated four-stroke multi-cylinder diesel engine at different load and speed conditions. It was found that all biodiesel blended fuel reduces the brake power (BP) and increases brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) slightly than diesel fuel. Engine emission results indicated that blended fuel reduces the average particulate matter (PM), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrocarbons (HC) except nitric oxides (NO) emissions than diesel fuel. Finally, it can be concluded that up to 20% rice bran biodiesel could replace diesel fuel to help in controlling the air pollution to a great extent without sacrificing engine power significantly.
Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG, Hassan, NMS, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA & Mahmudul, HM 2017, 'Assessment of physical, chemical, and tribological properties of different biodiesel fuels' in Clean Energy for Sustainable Development: Comparisons and Contrasts of New Approaches, pp. 441-463.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Fuel properties of biodiesels are influenced by the physical features of the fatty acid composition, such as the degree of unsaturation, the percentage of saturated fatty acid, monounsaturated fatty acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acid. Fuel properties are the key factors in determining the suitability of any fuel as an alternative fuel. In this study, biodiesels from five different feedstocks have been characterized for their physical and chemical properties. Gas chromatography has been carried out to find out the ester composition of these five biodiesels, and correlation between composition and fuel properties of these five biodiesels have been developed. Fuel properties were measured according to standard procedure ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 and estimated based on the previously published correlation. Also, the quality of these biodiesels was assessed and compared with commercially available biodiesels through multivariate data analysis using PROMETHEE-GAIA software. In the last part, wear and friction of selected biodiesel fuels have been studied and compared with diesel fuel. The result shows that the properties of produced biodiesel are within the acceptable limit of ASTM and EN standards. Highly linear correlations were found between the composition and cetane number, iodine value, oxidation stability, and cold flow plugging point with the regression value of 0.9965, 0.9983, 0.7044, and 0.9985, respectively. Overall, this study found that, among the biodiesels studied, the palm biodiesel was the most suitable alternative followed by the macadamia, moringa, and jatropha, and beauty leaf biodiesel.
Mofijur, M, Rasul, MG & Hassan, NMS 2017, 'Effect of Butanol Additive on the Performance and Emission of Australian Macadamia Biodiesel Fuel in a Diesel Engine', PROCEEDINGS OF 2017 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY ENGINEERING (ICSREE 2017), 2nd International Conference on Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering (ICSREE), IEEE, Hiroshima, JAPAN, pp. 33-37.
Rahman, MM, Hassan, M, Kalam, A, Varman, M, Cheah, M-Y, Memon, LA & Ahmad, S 2012, 'Storage Stability of Biofuel', 2012 International Symposium on Energy Technology and Strategy, Taiwan.