Marivic Wyndham is a Senior Lecturer in the School of International Studies, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences. She is In-Country Study Co-Ordinator for Chile and Argentina, and teaches and co-ordinates Human Rights in Hispanophone Societies (Spanish 7) and US/Latin America Relations (Spanish 8). Her PhD (ANU) focused on an Australian literary icon of the inter-war years, Eleanor Dark, and from which emerged her book A World-Proof Life: Eleanor Dark, a writer in her times. More recent research has focused on issues of custodianship of place and the politics of memorialisation in the Latin America region, in particular Cuba and Chile. Several publications have emerged from this research, the most recent (co-authored with Professor Peter Read) being Narrow but Endessly Deep: the struggle for memorialisation in Chile since the transition to democracy (2016) and a revised Spanish translation Sin descansar en mi memoria: la lucha por la creacion de sitios de memoria en Chile desde la transicion a la democracia (2917). Her current research project focuses on children of the Cold War, in particular in Chile and Argentina.
ARC Discovery Grant (2014-2016) shared with colleagues from University of Sydney and ANU.
Education Sub-Committee, Human Rights Coalition, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Memorialisation of trauma sites
State terrorism in Latin America – Chile & Argentina
The missing body in contemporary Latin American political discourse
Australian women writers of the interwar years
Contemporary Cuban society
Cuban exile studies
Teaching set in the context of the Latin American region and with a focus on human rights and the region's complex reationship with the United States. Related issues include globalisation, political repression, legal and illegal immigration, the role of women, the role of the Church, popular justice, the politics of memory and memorialisation.
Otsuji, E, Gavran, M, Groeneveld, S, Andersen, M, Jeffreys, E, Goodman, DSG, Vanni Accarigi, I, Maggiora de Iturralde, P, Fletcher, N, Sharp, L, Sheldon, M, Browitt, J, Donald, S, Harbon, L, Mikula, M, Giovanangeli, A, Loda, A, Allatson, P, Hurley, A, Barclay, K, Robert, J, Rodriguez, M, Leigh, B, McCormack, J, Manganas, N, Wyndham, M & Aponte Ortiz, L 2019, Geographies of Food: The BA International Studies 25th Anniversary Cookbook, ed. Paul Allatson, Angela Giovanangeli and Emi Otsuji., 1st, School of International Studies and Education, FASS, UTS, Sydney.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This is a revised and extended Spanish version of Narrow But Endlessly Deep.
A year has passed since the English version of our book Narrow but Endlessly Deep. The Struggle for Memorialisation in Chile since the Transition to Democracy was published. Since then, developments in certain sites have advanced well beyond the original story and much new information has emerged from various important sources. Equally importantly, our interpretations of certain events and personalities have changed in the light of the new revelations. This is why we have substantially re-written each chapter and given a new title to this book. Having to address Spanish-speaking readers has also necessitated a critical re-evaluation of the material which in some cases, though it may be 'new' and 'interesting' to English-speaking readers, constitutes basic knowledge for those born and bred in Hispanic cultures. As a result of these considerable changes and transformations, and the additions of new material not included in the English version, this Spanish–language text far exceeds a mere translation, and thus circulates as a distinct work of new historical critique and knowledge in its own right.
On 11 September 1973, the Chilean Chief of the Armed Forces Augusto Pinochet overthrew the Popular Unity government of Salvador Allende and installed a military dictatorship. Yet this is a book not of parties or ideologies but public history. It focuses on the memorials and memorialisers at seven sites of torture, extermination, and disappearance in Santiago, engaging with worldwide debates about why and how deeds of violence inflicted by the state on its own citizens should be remembered, and by whom.
The sites investigated — including the infamous National Stadium — are among the most iconic of more than 1,000 such sites throughout the country.
The study grants a glimpse of the depth of feeling that survivors and the families of the detained-disappeared and the politically executed bring to each of the sites. The book traces their struggle to memorialise each one, and so unfolds their idealism and hope, courage and frustration, their hatred, excitement, resentment, sadness, fear, division and disillusionment.
'This is a beautifully written book, a sensitive treatment of the issues and lives of those who have faced a great deal of loss, most often as unsung heroes, in what are now recognized as Chilean sites of memory. The book is a testament to people who have not been asked to speak, until Peter Read and Marivic Wyndham ask them to tell their stories. They do not shy away from hard tensions about memorialization, the difficulties of challenging a powerful state and the long and arduous struggles to ensure less powerful voices are heard.'
Wyndham, MM 2007, A World Proof Life: Eleanor Dark, a writer in her times, 1901-1985, 1, UTS E-Press, Sydney UTS.
A biography of Australian author, Eleanor Dark
Wyndham, MM, Denoon, D & Mein-Smith, P 2000, A History of Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific: The Formation of Identities (Blackwell History of the World), Blackwell, Oxford UK.
This book provides an arresting interpretation of the history of Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific from the earliest settlements to the present. Usually viewed in isolation, these societies are covered here in a single account, in which the authors show how the peoples of the region constructed their own identities and influenced those of their neighbours.
Read, PJ & Wyndham, M 2018, 'The Havana Biltmore and the Buena Vista Social Club two iconic buildings in Havana, Cuba', Cultural geographies, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 491-499.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
The authors trace the physical and cultural history of two iconic buildings in Havana, Cuba: the Havana Biltmore Yacht and Country Club and the Buena Vista Social Club. The 'Biltmore', now renamed the Club Havana, flourishes after several periods in which its survival was doubtful. The 'Buena Vista' had already long ceased its original functions at the time the film of that name was made in 1997. The article illuminates the enormous cultural significance with which certain buildings may be invested when the emotional title to the past is magnified by revolution and social turmoil.
We two Australian public historians recently published a history of memorials in Santiago, Chile, to the victims of the Augusto Pinochet dictatorship, Narrow but Endlessly Deep: The Struggle for Memorialisation in Chile since the Transition to Democracy. Our different upbringings and experiences (one a migrant from Cuba, the other Anglo-Australian) produced disagreements as to how we should interpret the memorializations. In particular, the foundational narratives of Cuba and Australia in which we were raised affected our differing interpretations. The article explains these differing foundational narratives and then cites examples of textual disagreements and how we resolved them. We believe that this challenging interrogation of lifetime values improved the monograph and may offer insights for other cross-cultural collaborations.
Read, P & Wyndham, MM 2015, 'Eurocommunism and the Concertacion: Reflections on Chilean European Exile 1973-1989', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 116-125.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Of the 200,000 exiles who fled Chile after the coup, between one third and one half went to Eastern and Western Europe. They arrived in the midst of some of the most turbulent years in Europe since the Second World War, manifest in both street violence and radical intellectual currents. The European milieu, especially through the more moderate political programs offered by Eurocommunism, attracted many of the refugees, traumatized as they were by state violence in their own country, and already questioning the ideals they had held so strongly. We argue that these moderate programs of social reform that the returning exiles brought back with them were highly influential in forming the coalition of centrist partners which supported the center-left Concertación government, and helped maintain a stable and reasonably popular government in Chile for a further 20 years.
Since its official opening to the public in 2007, the curators of the site of conscience Londres 38 have presented a variety of histories of its past. Gradually, the state has wrested the site's interpretation from the victims and their families, at the cost of particularity in time, place and precise historical detail. We trace the struggles between the civil society colectivos (`collectives) and a variety of state agencies for the dominant narrative, and argue that today the state controls the interior of the building; the colectivos control only the street not unlike the situation as it was before the building opened six years ago.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2013, 'There's nothing here but an empty space: Two unmarked sites of national significance in Canberra, Australia and Santiago, Chile', Revista de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, vol. 8, pp. 11-30.
Read, P & Wyndham, MM 2012, 'Those who have no memorial: contested memories of a Pinochet site of conscience', Encounters: An international journal for the study of culture and society, vol. 5, no. Fall, pp. 169-182.
Renacer 184.108.40.206.5. was a former maintenance camp of the Chilean Air Force, and later a local headquarters of Pinochet's state security forces, the DNI, situated in the Quinta Normal district of Santiago. We consider a memorial erected in 2007 on this site of twenty-two people whose deaths were by implication connected with Pinochet's forces. Less than two years later, the memorial was overturned and lying in the dust. We discuss the reasons for this apparent outrage, including disagreements among the residents of the precinct about the role of the Left during the Pinochet oppression.
Wyndham, M & Read, P 2012, 'Filling the void of trapped memories: The liberation of a Pinochet centre of torture', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 42-54.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This paper considers a momentous event in Santiago, Chile, on 10 December 2007. On that day an infamous torture and extermination centre known as Londres 38 was for the first time opened to the public. By the end of the day much more had been exposed than the echoing and empty rooms. After examining the context in which Londres 38 may be placed in the history of the dictatorship, we consider the events of that memorable day in 2007. We explore and follow the tensions so unexpectedly expressed by the colectivos involved in the long campaign to have the building opened. Lastly we return to the building to discover how the mourners have chosen to present the building to visitors. © 2012 Association of Iberian and Latin American Studies of Australasia (AILASA).
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2012, ''Aqui no hay nada mas que un espacio vacio'. Dos sitios no marcados de significancia nacional en Canberra, Australia y Santiago, Chile', Revista de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, vol. 8, pp. 11-30.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2012, 'Filling the Void of Trapped Memories: The Liberation of a Pinochet Centre of Torture', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 41-54.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This paper considers a momentous event in Santiago, Chile, on 10 December 2007. On that day an infamous torture and extermination centre known as Londres 38 was for the first time opened to the public. By the end of the day much more had been exposed than the echoing and empty rooms. After examining the context in which Londres 38 may be placed in the history of the dictatorship, we consider the events of that memorable day in 2007. We explore and follow the tensions so unexpectedly expressed by the colectivos involved in the long campaign to have the building opened. Lastly we return to the building to discover how the mourners have chosen to present the building to visitors.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2011, 'The Cemetery, the State and the Exiles: A Study of Cementerio Colón, Havana, and Woodlawn Cemetery, Miami', Portal Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-19.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Cementerio Colón, Havana, is one of the great historical cemeteries of the world, and is generally held to be the second most important in Latin Americain historical and architectural termsafter La Recoleta in Buenos Aires. It was built in 1869 by the Galician architect Calixto Arellano de Loira y Cardoso, a graduate of Madrids Royal Academy of Arts of San Fernando, and who became Colóns first occupant when he died before his work was completed. Yet for all its elegance and grandeur Cementerio Colón conceals as much as it displays. Empty tombs and desecrated family chapels disfigure the stately march of Cuban family memorials even in the most prominent of the avenues, and away from the central cross-streets, ruin. Many of these are the tombs of exiled families, whose problems with caring for their dead have been complicated by residence in new countries. In this article we consider both the earthly remains of the ancestors and how the Cuban-American diaspora of Miami tries to come to terms with what it is powerless to prevent.
Occasionally a week, an afternoon, a single moment may crystallise a traumatic event which has carried explosive potential for decades. At such still points shifting polarities may stabilise, if briefly. Old foes may unite, old friendships fracture. By the end of such a day, though, it will be apparent that something momentous has occurred from which there can be no retreat. This paper considers such an event, which should remain here occurred in Santiago de Chile, on December 10, 2007. That day, the infamous torture and extermination centre known as Londres 38 was for the first time opened to the public. But by the end of that day, much more had been exposed than the echoing and empty rooms.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2010, 'From State Terrorism To State Errorism: Post-Pinochet Chile'S Long Search For Truth And Justice', The Public Historian, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 31-44.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Patio 29 lies in the northern sector of Santiago's General Cemetery. To the naked eye, it is a grim unweeded field of some twelve hundred rusted tin crosses. But to the families of the 1,197 detained-disappeared during Augusto Pinochet's brutal dictator
Wyndham, MM & Milanes, R 2009, 'Knowing the Place for the First Time: A Cuban Exile's Story', Portal Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-19.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Playa Abierta is a modern beach-side resort, one hundred kilometres west of Havana. Developed as a private resort in the 1950s, it was seized by the new revolutionary Cuban government in 1959 after its owner fled precipitately to Miami. This autobiographically centred and personally narrated paper reviews the history of Playa Abierta 1956 2006 through the eyes of a Cuban New Zealander `Marta whose uncle first developed the estate. In 1956 her holidays spent at Playa Abierta as a little girl were her most treasured Cuban moments. `At this altar, she says, `my uncle was the high priest. In 1996 - after a 36-year absence from her native land - she returned for a visit, the only member of her extended family to have done so. Boldly and unannounced she walked through her uncles house by then converted into a military recreational camp. On a subsequent visit, she met with members of her uncles domestic staff whose relationship to that same loved beach was by then of many decades. Whose Playa Abierta was she re-visiting now? Who were the true claimants to that family sacred site? Today as she reflects on the private and public meaning of Playa Abierta, her exultation has given way to more complex feelings. The wonder at re-discovering the beachs beauty was overladen with the guilt of returning to Cuba while still under Castros communist rule. Her sense of belonging was later undermined by a sad realisation that those who had stayed behind were also Playa Abiertas claimants. Above all, she is torn between family loyalties and the promise of a Revolution betrayed.
Raul and Manolo are two Cuban men in their late sixties. Manolo left soon after Castros triumph to become a television celebrity in Miami. He returned in 1991 to make a clandestine film about the city which once was his. Raul never left his decaying city. He applauded the revolution, but little by little his enthusiasm soured. The paper examines the relationship of the two men to what was once the ultra modern Central Havana of the mid-1950s. Manolos froze on the day he left: his filmed city is silent, immobile, full of ghosts, almost empty, ugly, ruined. Manolos Central Havana processes and changes, it is noisy, busy, - but also it is ugly and ruined. Both lament the city as it once was. Only Raul sees hope of reconciliation
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2008, 'Putting Site Back into Trauma Studies: A study of five detention and torture centres in Santiago, Chile', Life Writing, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 79-96.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Modern states often find it convenient to silence the victims of torture and terror by silencing the memory of sites of violence, or by obliterating the sites themselves. Through a study of five sites of state violence in Santiago, Chile, we consider the importance of place in the healing of individual and collective trauma. Survivors of terror and torture, their families, the families of the disappeared, and subsequent generations each have special needs of therapy and healing. We argue that in each the historic site of violence remains crucial.
At the base of the South Tower of St Johns Cathedral, Brisbane, are installed two splendid stained glass windows, memorials to the Australian-American alliance during the Second World War. They depict an American bald-eagle and an Australian wedge-tailed eagle flying towards `a greater union. The plaque reads: These magnificent Australian-American War Memorial Windows are testimony to the admiration and gratitude Australians feel for our American friends and the fellowship and mutual esteem that exists between us. The windows are one of dozens of monuments throughout Australia to the alliance forged between the commonwealth and the United States during the Second World War. Since the Soviet Union did at least as much to prevent the invasion of Cuba by the United States as the United States did for Australia, we could expect there to be in Cuba at least as many memorials to the thirty year presence of the Soviets. In this paper we ask: how does the Cuban State memorialise the complex and difficult Russian presence?
The Museum of Playa Giron (the Bay of Pigs) in the region of Cienega De Zapata, Cuba, celebrates the repulse of Brigade 2506 as the first reverse of US imperialism on the American continents. The equivalent Brigade 2506 Museum in Miami, dedicated to and maintained by the members of Brigade 2506, celebrates defeat at the Bay of Pigs as moral victory for the Cuban exiles. The forces were indeed implacable foes. Yet between the museums can be detected some curious similarities. Both present the common theme of the confrontation between forces of good and evil. Both celebrate the philosophy that dying for ones country is the greatest good a citizen may achieve. Both museums fly the common Cuban flag. Both museums identify a common enemy: the United States of America. This article, by comparing the displays in the two museums, analyses some cultural elements of what, despite decades of separation, in some ways remains a common Cuban culture.
Read, P & Wyndham, MM 2003, 'Introduction. The Diaspora of the Latin American Imagination', Humanities Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-7.
Latin America was the annual study theme of the Australian National Universitys Humanities Research Centre for 2002. A major conference flowing from the theme was The Diaspora of the Latin American Imagination. Between the fiestas, concerts, festivals and exhibitions of the four-day event were nineteen academic presentations, four of which we are unfortunately not able to reproduce here. All the others, after expert refereeing, are presented here in this first on-line edition of Humanities Research, while six of these have already been published in a print edition, Migrants, Strangers and Purple Bananas (Humanities Research, Vol. X, No. 1, 2003). To introduce our theme, we asked our chief Ambassadorial advocate during the conference planning, His Excellency Dr Abelardo Posso-Serrano, Ambassador of the Republic of Ecuador to the Commonwealth of Australia, to write an introduction to these on-line proceedings. He chose as his theme the focus of the first day of the conference: Human Rights in Latin America.
Before the great Cold War diaspora wrenched millions of Latin Americans from their homelands and thrust them to the fortunes and misfortunes of foreign lands, most of us from the region had assumed that the land of our birth would naturally also be the land of our death. Cemetery plots confirmed the passing of the generations, but they also confirmed our expectations that one day we too would join our ancestors in that same sacred family space. Visits to these plots formed part of family life: to mark birthdays, Mothers and Fathers Days, and other special anniversaries. Sadness mingled with a deep sense of belonging on those occasions, as young children, parents and grandparents pilgrimaged as one in this time-honoured ritual of remembrance and solidarity with our dead. Family plots were an extension of our family homes, they completed the circle of life and death.
Wim Wenders Buena Vista Social Club may be, as one critic called it, `a loving portrait of a master class in Cuban music. But it is many other things as well.1 Geography as much as history has bonded the destinies of Cuba and the United States in ways that the past forty years of Cold War tensions reinforced. Political animus may have turned the mere 90 miles a days unhurried cruising separating the Florida peninsula and the island of Cuba into a Caribbean-style Berlin Wall. Yet todays cultural crosswinds imply no such obstacles. The music and lyrics of Cuban composers of La Nueva Trova like Silvio Rodriguez and Pablo Milanes, bore the stamp of their Northamerican contemporaries, especially Dylan. US Hispano/Latino music now resonates with the rhythms of Cubas son, rumba and guaracha.
We identify two distinct forms of masculinity, Australian and Cuban. The first is best expressed in the nineteenth century bushman's ballads, which celebrated wandering, mateship, independence of bosses, sardonic acceptance of fate, the absence of women and uninterest in the physical landscape. The values of the Cuban guajiro or rural labourer, expressed in the songs of the first half of the twentieth century, celebrated permanence, individualism, a heroic acceptance of fate, the presence of women and a deep attachment to the physical landscape. The differing physical landscapes, the one arid and unforgiving, the other lush and productive, compounded their British and Spanish cultural origins to create two powerful rhetorics of manhood. Both men and their rhetoric were overtaken, then transformed, by political and environmental developments which were not of their choosing.
Read, P & Wyndham, MM 1997, 'Being, Belonging and Possessing: the Emotional Struggle for Havana, 1991-1993', Ecumene : Cultural Geographies: a journal of cultural geographies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 127-138.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 1997, 'Two Museums', Public History Review, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 125-135.
Wyndham, MM 2018, 'Why Did You Abandon Us? The Children of Chilean Revolutionaries Confront their Parents' in Keen, J & Rechnieowski, E (eds), Seeking Meaning, Seeking Justice in a Post-Cold War World, Brill, Leiden, Boston, pp. 149-167.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Wyndham, MM 2007, 'Eleanor Dark' in Di Langmore (ed), Australian Dictionary of Biography, ANU, Sydney, Australia, pp. 300-301.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2007, 'Between the silence and the scream: reimagining in sound the last days of Chilean singer Victor Jara' in MacKinnon, Dolly, Bandt, R & Duffy, M (eds), Hearing Places: Anthology of Interdisciplinary Writings, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK, pp. 24-30.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Denoon, D & Wyndham, MM 1999, 'Australia and the Western Pacific' in Andrew Porter (ed), The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume Three, The Nineteenth Century, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 546-572.
Wyndham, MM 2007, 'Contested recollections of home in Castro's Cuba', Places Lost and Found, Places Lost and Found, Canberra, Australia.
Wyndham, MM 2006, 'Knowing the Place for the First Time: An Exile's Story', First Forays into Sensory Realms (Institute for International Studies Workshop), Sydney, Australia.
Wyndham, MM 2006, 'Marivic Wyndham Interviews Luis García, Author of Child of the Revolution: Growing up in Castroâs Cuba', Hyperworld, Language, Culture and History: VII International Conference of the Association of Iberian and Latin American Studies of Australasia (AILASA), Sydney, Australia.
Wyndham, MM 2006, 'Reflections on the internationalisation of the curriculum: a case study', Cultural Literacies and Multi-lingual Literacy Workshop, Sydney, Australia.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2006, 'Between the Silence and the Scream: Retracing in Sound and Memory The Last Days of Chilean Folksinger and Political Activist, Victor Jara', Hyperworld, Language, Culture and History: VII International Conference of the Association of Iberian and Latin American Studies of Australasia (AILASA), Sydney, Australia.
Wyndham, MM 2005, 'The Problem of the Clubs: the Buena Vista Social Club and the Habana Biltmore Yacht & Country Club', Queer Agencies and Social Change in International Perspectives (Institute for International Studies, Wisemans Ferry, Australia.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2005, 'The Problem with the Clubs', Conference on Commemoration, Monuments and Public Memory, Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU, Canberra, Australia.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2004, 'Remembering the Russians', Colonial Monuments and Collective Memory Conference, Canberra, Australia.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2004, 'The Politics of Memory: A Walk through Old Havana', Centre for Cross-Cultural Research seminar series, ANU, Canberra, Australia.
Wyndham, MM & Read, P 2004, 'Two Museums', Centre for Cross-Cultural Research seminar series, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.