Kassab, M, Almomani, B, Nuseir, K & Alhouary, AA 2020, 'Efficacy of Sucrose in Reducing Pain during Immunization among 10- to 18-Month-Old Infants and Young Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.', Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol. 50, pp. e55-e61.View/Download from: Publisher's site
PURPOSE:Sucrose is recommended to reduce pain associated with vaccination in neonates. However, research results concerning its effectiveness in infants and young children are inconclusive. This study aims to determine the efficacy of sucrose administration in reducing pain during immunization in 10- to 18-month-old infants and young children as assessed by behavioral pain parameters, crying time, and saliva substance (P) concentration. DESIGN AND METHODS:This was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial and included healthy infants and young children undergoing their 10- to 18-month immunization. Behavioral pain outcome was measured during, and shortly after the last injection. The infant's pain was also measured by a salivary test using substance (P), and videotaping of crying time. RESULTS:The study results indicate that, compared with a placebo group, the sucrose group had significantly less pain post-immunization (F (1,129) = 1.72, p = 0.001). Moreover, substance (P) was lower in the intervention group post-immunization, and it could be considered a good predictor of pain reduction associated with immunization. CONCLUSIONS:Sucrose administration during immunization injection helps in reducing pain, which is one of the most critical factors affecting compliance with the immunization schedule. Substance (P) measurement can be used as a predictor of immunization pain level in 10- to 18-month-old infants and young children. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:Sucrose is an effective method to reduce needle pain during immunization; therefore, healthcare providers should administer sucrose as a pain relief intervention in the immunization clinical setting.
Kassab, M, Alhassan, AA, Alzoubi, KH & Khader, YS 2019, 'Number and Frequency of Routinely Applied Painful Procedures in University Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.', Clinical Nursing Research, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 488-501.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Neonates at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at high risk for procedural pain exposure. This study describes the type and frequency of procedures in neonates admitted to University Intensive Care Unit. This was a prospective cohort study of 150 neonates admitted to the NICU during the first 7 days of life at a governmental hospital. The type and frequency of procedures were evaluated using a tool which included the type and number of procedures performed per shift. A total of 14,008 painful procedures were performed on neonates with an average of 97.11 painful procedures per baby and 13.9/day for each baby. Adhesive removal (21.3%) was the most frequently performed procedure. The number of painful procedures was inversely correlated with gestation age ( p < .001) and birth weight ( p < .001). The number of painful procedures performed on neonates is high, particularly for neonates with small gestational age and low birth weight babies.
Abubaker, AK, Rabadi, DK, Kassab, M & Al-Qudah, MA 2018, 'Persistent Hiccups After Cervical Epidural Steroid Injection.', The American journal of case reports, vol. 19, pp. 397-399.View/Download from: Publisher's site
BACKGROUND Hiccup is a rare complication after a cervical epidural steroid injection used in the treatment of chronic pain. A few studies have reported on the physiological and pharmacological aspects of hiccups after epidural steroid injection and there have been some case reports published. Our presented case report provides insight into the side effect of hiccups that can occur in association with cervical epidural analgesia, and will help inform anesthesiologist about this unpleasant complication. CASE REPORT We present a rare case of persistent hiccups after a cervical epidural steroid injection in a 60-year-old male patient with chronic pain due to disc protrusion in C3-C7. CONCLUSIONS Persistent hiccups after epidural injection is a serious complication. As the exact mechanism of hiccups is not yet known, regardless the level of epidural or the mixture of drugs used, and the incident of hiccups after epidural injection is not well-reported, we think that the etiology and the incident rate must be further evaluated.
Kassab, M, Hamadneh, S, Nuseir, K, ALmomani, B & Hamadneh, J 2018, 'Factors Associated With Infant Pain Severity Undergoing Immunization Injections', JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING-NURSING CARE OF CHILDREN & FAMILIES, vol. 42, pp. E85-E90.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Alnuaimi, K, Kassab, M, Ali, R, Mohammad, K & Shattnawi, K 2017, 'Pregnancy outcomes among Syrian refugee and Jordanian women: a comparative study', INTERNATIONAL NURSING REVIEW, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 584-592.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hamadneh, J, Alchalabi, H, Hamadneh, S, Amarin, Z, Khader, YS, Kassab, M & Bani-Hani, M 2017, 'Association between timing of elective cesarean delivery and adverse outcomes among women with at least two previous cesareans', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 51-56.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khriesat, W, Kassab, M, Hamadneh, S, Mohammad, K, Hamadneh, J & Khader, YS 2017, 'Infant Resuscitation Practices of Midwives in a Developing Country', ADVANCES IN NEONATAL CARE, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 400-406.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mohammad, KI, Kassab, M, Shaban, I, Creedy, DK & Gamble, J 2017, 'Postpartum evaluation of vitamin D among a sample of Jordanian women', JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 200-204.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hamadneh, S, Kassab, M, Hamadneh, J & Amarin, Z 2016, 'Sudden unexpected infant death in Jordan and the home environment', PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL, vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 1333-1336.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Kassab, M, Alnuaimi, K, Mohammad, K, Creedy, D & Hamadneh, S 2016, 'Midwives' Experiences, Education, and Support Needs Regarding Basic Newborn Resuscitation in Jordan', CLINICAL NURSING RESEARCH, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 291-309.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Kassab, M, Shaban, I, Mohammad, K & Creedy, DK 2016, 'Prevalence of Hypovitaminosis D Among Jordanian Healthy Infants: A Descriptive Cross Sectional Study', JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING-NURSING CARE OF CHILDREN & FAMILIES, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. E119-E125.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Nuseir, K, Kassab, M & Almomani, B 2016, 'Healthcare Providers' Knowledge and Current Practice of Pain Assessment and Management: How Much Progress Have We Made?', PAIN RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT, vol. 2016.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mohammad, K, Abu Dalou, A, Kassab, M, Gamble, J & Creedy, DK 2015, 'Prevalence and factors associated with the occurrence of preterm birth in Irbid governorate of Jordan: A retrospective study', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING PRACTICE, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 505-510.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Nuseir, KQ, Alzoubi, KH, Alabwaini, J, Khabour, OF & Kassab, MI 2015, 'Sucrose-induced analgesia during early life modulates adulthood learning and memory formation', PHYSIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR, vol. 145, pp. 84-90.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mohammad, K, Kassab, M, Gamble, J, Creedy, DK & Foster, J 2014, 'Factors associated with birth weight inequalities in Jordan', INTERNATIONAL NURSING REVIEW, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 435-440.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Kassab, M, Foster, JP, Foureur, M & Fowler, CM 2012, 'Sweet-tasting solutions for needle-related procedural pain in infants one month to one year of age', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 12.View/Download from: Publisher's site
To determine the effectiveness of sweet-tasting solutions for needle-related procedural pain in infants one month to one year of age compared to no treatment, placebo, other sweet-tasting solutions, or pharmacological or other non-pharmacological pain-relieving methods.
Kassab, M, Roydhouse, J, Fowler, CM & Foureur, M 2012, 'The Effectiveness of Glucose in Reducing Needle-Related Procedural Pain in Infants', Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 3-17.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This systematic review examined the effectiveness of glucose in relieving needle-associated pain in infants. Meta-analysis was not undertaken, and there was variation in dose, administration method, concentration, and outcome measurement. Glucose was more effective than placebo in relieving infant pain as measured by behavioral outcomes, but there were mixed findings for physiological outcomes. Based on these findings, 25%-50% glucose appears effective for infant pain management.
Kassab, M, Sheehy, AD, King, MT, Fowler, CM & Foureur, M 2012, 'A double-blind randomised controlled trial of 25% oral glucose for pain relief in 2-month old infants undergoing immunisation', International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 249-256.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This article reports a double-blind RCT to determine the effectiveness of 25% oral glucose solution in reducing immunisation pain in 2-month old infants.
Kassab, M & Kenner, C 2011, 'Simulation And Neonatal Nursing Education', Newborn And Infant Nursing Reviews, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 8-9.
Our world is shrinking due to computerized linkages and the mobility of society, and information is shared rapidly around the world. Newborn and infant health issues are global ones. In efforts to acknowledge the international community, each Newborn and Infant Nursing Review issue presents a column that highlights care-related issues from a featured country or region of the world. This month, Australia is featured. Our guest author is Mrs Manal Kassab, BSN, MSN, PhD, and Regional Network Contact for the Council of International Neonatal Nurses for Australia. This month's article focuses on Simulation and Education.