Cramer, H, Lauche, R, Anheyer, D, Pilkington, K, de Manincor, M, Dobos, G & Ward, L 2018, 'Yoga for anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials', Depression and Anxiety, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 830-843.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Yoga has become a popular approach to improve emotional health. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effectiveness and safety of yoga for anxiety. Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and IndMED were searched through October 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga for individuals with anxiety disorders or elevated levels of anxiety. The primary outcomes were anxiety and remission rates, and secondary outcomes were depression, quality of life, and safety. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool. Eight RCTs with 319 participants (mean age: 30.0–38.5 years) were included. Risk of selection bias was unclear for most RCTs.Meta-analyses revealed evidence for small short-term effects of yoga on anxiety compared to no treatment (standardized mean difference [SMD]=−0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI]=−0.74, −0.11; P = .008), and large effects compared to active comparators (SMD=−0.86; 95% CI=−1.56, −0.15; P = .02). Small effects on depression were found compared to no treatment (SMD=−0.35; 95% CI=−0.66,−0.04; P = .03). Effects were robust against potential methodological bias. No effects were found for patients with anxiety disorders diagnosed by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria, only for patients diagnosed by other methods, and for individuals with elevated levels of anxiety without a formal diagnosis. Only three RCTs reported safety-related data but these indicated that yoga was not associated with increased injuries. In conclusion, yoga might be an effective and safe intervention for individuals with elevated levels of anxiety. There was inconclusive evidence for effects of yoga in anxiety disorders. More high-quality studies are needed and are warranted given these preliminary findings and plausible mechanisms of action.
Steel, A, Sundberg, T, Reid, R, Ward, L, Bishop, FL, Leach, M, Cramer, H, Wardle, J & Adams, J 2017, 'Osteopathic manipulative treatment: A systematic review and critical appraisal of comparative effectiveness and health economics research.', Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, vol. 27, pp. 165-175.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
In recent years, evidence has emerged regarding the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatments (OMT). Despite growing evidence in this field, there is need for appropriate research designs that effectively reflect the person-centred system of care promoted in osteopathy and provide data which can inform policy decisions within the healthcare system. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesise the evidence from comparative effectiveness and economic evaluation research involving OMT. A database search was conducted using CINAHL, PubMed, PEDro, AMED, SCOPUS and OSTMED.DR, from their inception to May 2015. Two separate searches were undertaken to identify original research articles encompassing the economic evaluation and comparative effectiveness of OMT. Identified comparative effectives studies were evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and appraised using the Good Reporting of Comparative Effectiveness (GRACE) principles. Identified economic studies were assessed with the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) guidelines. Sixteen studies reporting the findings of comparative effectiveness (n = 9) and economic evaluation (n = 7) research were included. The comparative effectiveness studies reported outcomes for varied health conditions and the majority (n = 6) demonstrated a high risk of bias. The economic evaluations included a range of analyses and considerable differences in the quality of reporting were evident. Despite some positive findings, published comparative effectiveness and health economic studies in OMT are of insufficient quality and quantity to inform policy and practice. High quality, well-designed, research that aligns with international best practice is greatly needed to build a pragmatic evidence base for OMT.
Steel, A, Sundberg, T, Reid, R, Ward, L, Bishop, FL, Leach, M, Cramer, H, Wardle, J & Adams, J 2017, 'Reply to the letter to the editor: 'Systematic review of comparative effectiveness and health economics research relating to osteopathic manipulative treatment'.', Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, vol. 29, pp. e18-e18.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Hall, H, Cramer, H, Sundberg, T, Ward, L, Adams, J, Moore, C, Sibbritt, D & Lauche, R 2016, 'The effectiveness of complementary manual therapies for pregnancy-related back and pelvic pain: A systematic review with meta-analysis', MEDICINE, vol. 95, no. 38.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Cramer, H, Ward, L, Steel, A, Lauche, R, Dobos, G & Zhang, Y 2016, 'Prevalence, Patterns, and Predictors of Yoga Use Results of a US Nationally Representative Survey', AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 230-235.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Frawley, J, Peng, W, Sibbritt, D, Ward, L, Lauche, R, Zhang, Y & Adams, J 2016, 'Is there an association between women's consultations with a massage therapist and health-related quality of life? Analyses of 1800 women aged 56-61 years', JOURNAL OF BODYWORK AND MOVEMENT THERAPIES, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 734-739.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Zhang, Y, Leach, MJ, Hall, H, Sundberg, T, Ward, L, Sibbritt, D & Adams, J 2015, 'Differences between Male and Female Consumers of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in a National US Population: A Secondary Analysis of 2012 NIHS Data', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site