Kaveh is an interdisciplinary academic with research on the intersection of sustainability with socio-technical networks. His research addresses the sustainable development goals especially those related to energy-water-food nexus.
Before joining the School of Information, Systems and Modeling (ISM), Kaveh was with Monash University, Australian National University, University of Sydney, National University of Singapore, and Sharif University of Technology.
Having formerly worked for government and industry, Kaveh's research and teaching philosophy is formed on the "nexus of academic idealism and industrial realism".
Can supervise: YES
My research is focused on the application of optimisation and machine learning algorithms for system design, planning, operation scheduling, and demand-side management. You are welcome to contact me, if you have background in optimisation and data analytics and you are passionate to take a postgraduate journey for addressing sustainable development goals especially those in the context of climate change mitigation. Some postgraduate project topics:
• Green supply chain framework development based on renewable hydrogen vector
• Long term energy network planning considering renewable energies, energy storage, and uncertainty (including the scenario of 100% renewables)
• Short term unit commitment modelling (optimal power flow) considering energy storage, demand and price uncertainty
• Energy-justice nexus: Optimall electricity tariff design in the decentralised network context
• Peer-to-peer community energy network design and optimisation
• Robustness analysis of energy networks against cascading failure
• Techno-economic analysis and life cycle assessment of CO2 utilisation and green chemicals within the regional Australian and global economy
• Probabilistic forecast models for electricity demand and price at demand-side
• Energy-water nexus: Optimal design and grid integration of renewable desalination systems
My teaching interests include sustainable engineering, energy systems, optimisation, process systems design, and complex network analysis. My current teaching subjects are:
- Global Information Systems
- Sustainability and Information Systems
Khalilpour, KR 2018, Polygeneration with Polystorage For Energy and Chemicals, Academic Press.
As the first book to thoroughly focus on the topic of polygeneration, users will find the problem presented from different scientific and technical domains down to both macro and micro levels.
Khalilpour, R & Vassallo, A 2016, Community Energy Networks With Storage Modeling Frameworks for Distributed Generation, Springer.
This book addresses the problem of building an optimal community energy network in a decentralized distributed energy context.
Rojas Sánchez, D, Hoadley, AFA & Khalilpour, KR 2019, 'A multi-objective extended input–output model for a regional economy', Sustainable Production and Consumption, vol. 20, pp. 15-28.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2019 Institution of Chemical Engineers Economies are constrained by a variety of economic, social, and political factors to attempt a reduction in environmental impacts such as global warming. While improvements in technology are commonly the expected general solution, lifestyle changes and modifications on consumption are also necessary to effectively reduce pollution. Such regulations may modify production activities, thus altering economic and social stability. Therefore, analyses need to consider numerous different aspects to locate suitable sectors in the economy in which emission reduction can be accomplished with the least socio-economic impact. Through an extended input–output analysis, this paper gives an insight into the intricate relationship of the sectors of an economic region and their respective greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Taking both a producer and a consumer-based perspective, sectors are analysed and categorised through various socio-economic and environmental indicators. The descriptive approach discerns between emission inventories of production activities and embodied emissions of consumption patterns, thus assigning a different responsibility to the carbon footprint of industrial activities. Further, an innovative multi-objective optimisation model is developed with consideration of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), GHG emissions, and employment. This methodology enables mapping an optimised space of scenarios for emission reduction through consumption limitation with a minimal socio-economic loss. The Australian economy was used as a case study. Results show a substantial difference in the allocation of emissions from a producer and a consumer perspective, indicating that many sectors rely on a small number of emissions-intensive sectors for their activities. Through the optimisation, all possible emission reductions are linked to consumption limit scenarios of minimised economic and employment losses. The model is effective in showing ar...
Khalilpour, KR, Grossmann, IE & Vassallo, A 2019, 'Integrated Power-to-Gas and Gas-to-Power with Air and Natural-Gas Storage', INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 1322-1340.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rafiee, A, Rajab Khalilpour, K, Milani, D & Panahi, M 2018, 'Trends in CO2 conversion and utilization: A review from process systems perspective', Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 5771-5794.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) community has been struggling over the past few decades to demonstrate the economic feasibility of CO2 sequestration. Nevertheless, in practice, it has only proven feasible under conditions with a market for the recovered CO2, such as in the beverage industry or enhanced oil/gas recovery. The research community and industry are progressively converging to a conclusion that CO2 sequestration has severe limitations for the value proposition. Alternatively, creating diverse demand markets and revenue streams for the recovered almost-pure CO2 may prevail over CO2 sequestration option and improve the economic feasibility of this climate change mitigation approach. As such, research in the carbon capture and management field is seen to be shifting towards CO2 utilization, directly and indirectly, in energy and chemical industries. In this paper, we have critically reviewed the literature on carbon capture, conversion, and utilization routes and assessed the progress in the research and developments in this direction. Both physical and chemical CO2 utilization pathways are studied and the principles of key routes are identified. The literature is also probed in addressing the process integration scenarios and the performance assessment benchmarks.
Parraga, J, Khalilpour, KR & Vassallo, A 2018, 'Polygeneration with biomass-integrated gasification combined cycle process: Review and prospective', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 92, pp. 219-234.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. A study of the Australian National Electricity Market shows that using battery storage in the Australian national electricity grid reduces CO2 emissions by providing further flexibility for the operation of conventional generators and also by decreasing the amount of unused renewable energy. Interestingly, energy storage is more efficient at reducing carbon emissions in the context of higher carbon and/or fuel prices. In addition to reducing emissions, battery storage can decrease the cost of delivered energy.
Lusis, P, Khalilpour, KR, Andrew, L & Liebman, A 2017, 'Short-term residential load forecasting: Impact of calendar effects and forecast granularity', APPLIED ENERGY, vol. 205, pp. 654-669.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rafiee, A, Panahi, M & Khalilpour, KR 2017, 'CO2 utilization through integration of post-combustion carbon capture process with Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquid (GTL) processes', JOURNAL OF CO2 UTILIZATION, vol. 18, pp. 98-106.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R, Milani, D, Qadir, A, Chiesa, M & Abbas, A 2017, 'A novel process for direct solvent regeneration via solar thermal energy for carbon capture', RENEWABLE ENERGY, vol. 104, pp. 60-75.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Zhong, Q, Khalilpour, R, Vassallo, A & Sun, Y 2016, 'A logic-based geometrical model for the next day operation of PV-battery systems', JOURNAL OF ENERGY STORAGE, vol. 7, pp. 181-194.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Abbas, A & Khalilpour, R 2016, 'Special issue on "Flexible operation of carbon capture plants"', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL, vol. 48, pp. 187-187.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Vassallo, A 2016, 'Planning and operation scheduling of PV-battery systems: A novel methodology', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 53, pp. 194-208.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Sharma, M, Qadir, A, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2015, 'Modeling and analysis of process configurations for solvent-based post-combustion carbon capture', ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 764-780.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Karimi, F & Khalilpour, R 2015, 'Evolution of carbon capture and storage research: Trends of international collaborations and knowledge maps', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL, vol. 37, pp. 362-376.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Milani, D, Khalilpour, R, Zahedi, G & Abbas, A 2015, 'A model-based analysis of CO2 utilization in methanol synthesis plant', JOURNAL OF CO2 UTILIZATION, vol. 10, pp. 12-22.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Qadir, A, Sharma, M, Parvareh, F, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2015, 'Flexible dynamic operation of solar-integrated power plant with solvent based post-combustion carbon capture (PCC) process', ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol. 97, pp. 7-19.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R, Mumford, K, Zhai, H, Abbas, A, Stevens, G & Rubin, ES 2015, 'Membrane-based carbon capture from flue gas: a review', JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, vol. 103, pp. 286-300.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Vassallo, A 2015, 'Leaving the grid: An ambition or a real choice?', vol. 82, no. C, pp. 207-221.
The recent rapid decline in PV prices has brought grid parity, or near grid parity for PV in many countries. This, together with an expectation of a similar reduction for battery prices has prompted a new wave of social and academic discussions about the possibility of installing PV–battery systems and 'leaving the grid' or 'living off-grid'. This, if uncontrolled, has been termed the 'death spiral' for utility companies.
Wang, M, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2014, 'Thermodynamic and economic optimization of LNG mixed refrigerant processes', ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol. 88, pp. 947-961.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Parvareh, F, Sharma, M, Qadir, A, Milani, D, Khalilpour, R, Chiesa, M & Abbas, A 2014, 'Integration of solar energy in coal-fired power plants retrofitted with carbon capture: A review', RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol. 38, pp. 1029-1044.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2014, 'Optimal synthesis and design of solvent-based PCC process using a rate-based model', SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, vol. 132, pp. 149-167.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R 2014, 'Flexible Operation Scheduling of a Power Plant Integrated with PCC Processes under Market Dynamics', INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, vol. 53, no. 19, pp. 8132-8146.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R 2014, 'Multi-level investment planning and scheduling under electricity and carbon market dynamics: Retrofit of a power plant with PCC (post-combustion carbon capture) processes', ENERGY, vol. 64, pp. 172-186.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Karimi, IA 2014, 'Parametric optimization with uncertainty on the left hand side of linear programs', COMPUTERS & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 60, pp. 31-40.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Wang, M, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2013, 'Operation optimization of propane precooled mixed refrigerant processes', JOURNAL OF NATURAL GAS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, vol. 15, pp. 93-105.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Qadir, A, Mokhtar, M, Khalilpour, R, Milani, D, Vassallo, A, Chiesa, M & Abbas, A 2013, 'Potential for solar-assisted post-combustion carbon capture in Australia', APPLIED ENERGY, vol. 111, pp. 175-185.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R, Abbas, A, Lai, Z & Pinnau, I 2013, 'Analysis of hollow fibre membrane systems for multicomponent gas separation', CHEMICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH & DESIGN, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 332-347.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hatcher, P, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2012, 'Optimisation of LNG mixed-refrigerant processes considering operation and design objectives', COMPUTERS & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 41, pp. 123-133.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R, Abbas, A, Lai, Z & Pinnau, I 2012, 'Modeling and parametric analysis of hollow fiber membrane system for carbon capture from multicomponent flue gas', AICHE JOURNAL, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 1550-1561.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Mokhtar, M, Ali, MT, Khalilpour, R, Abbas, A, Shah, N, Al Hajaj, A, Armstrong, P, Chiesa, M & Sgouridis, S 2012, 'Solar-assisted Post-combustion Carbon Capture feasibility study', APPLIED ENERGY, vol. 92, pp. 668-676.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2011, 'HEN optimization for efficient retrofitting of coal-fired power plants with post-combustion carbon capture', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 189-199.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Karimi, IA 2011, 'Investment portfolios under uncertainty for utilizing natural gas resources', COMPUTERS & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1827-1837.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Karimi, IA 2011, 'Selection of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Contracts for Minimizing Procurement Cost', INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 10298-10312.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Karimi, IA 2010, 'Evaluation of LNG, CNG, GTL, and NGHs for monetization of stranded gas', JPT, Journal of Petroleum Technology, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 61-62.
Associated gas is estimated to account for 17% of global gas reserves. However, the majority of associatedgas resources are small or located offshore, which has made their use uneconomical. Operators thus have preferred either flaring or reinjecting the gas rather than use. There are a number of gas technologies that have the potential to make the development of stranded gas resources economically viable. The full-length paper details a study that investigated each of these processes on the basis of different variables.
Khalilpour, R & Roostaazad, R 2008, 'Development and verification of a model to describe an immobilized glucose isomerase packed bed bioreactor', BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 328-336.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gholizadeh, M, Majid, ZAL, Davoodi, SM, Khalilpour, R, Talib, A, Yahya, K & Khan, SAN, 'An alternative aggregate preference ranking algorithm to assess environmental effects on macrobenthic abundance in coastal water'.
Coastal marine waters are ranked among the most important aquatic ecosystems
on earth in terms of ecological and economic significance. Since the Industrial
Revolution, human activities have drastically changed coastal marine
ecosystems. The development of rules and regulations to protect these
ecosystems against human activities requires availability of environmental
assessment standard. This necessitates the identification of the key parameters
that reflect condition of the coastal water ecosystem. Macrobenthic assemblages
are recognized to rapidly respond to changes in the quality of water or
habitat. Therefore, it would be useful to study the population of macrobenthos
and assess the influential factors on the growth of this species. This study is
categorized as multidisciplinary approach which contains two perspectives,
ecological and mathematical. In the ecological section, the effect of the water
quality parameters (e.g. pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen and salinity) and
the sediment characteristics on the macrobenthic abundance is studied. A total
of 432 samples were collected and analyzed from four touristic costal locations
(at various distances form the coast) of Penang National Park to investigate
the spatial change of macrobenthic assemblage. In a mathematical perspective,
this paper pursues a new algorithm based on the performance evaluation methods.
For this purpose, first, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is employed to
evaluate a group of Decision Making Units (DMUs). Consequently, inputs of the
mentioned DMUs are considered as alternatives (or candidates), and using a
modified DEA model that is categorized as aggregating preference ranking
method, the influence of inputs in efficiency of DMUs is investigated.
Wang, M, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2015, 'Effect of feed natural gas conditions on the performance of mixed refrigerant LNG process', ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, pp. 2309-2314.
Khalilpour, R & Karimi, IA 2012, 'Contract selection under uncertainty: LNG buyers' perspective', ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, pp. 1487-1491.
Li, Z, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2012, 'Efficient configuration/design of solvent-based post-combustion carbon capture', ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, pp. 815-819.
Wijekoon, S, Liebman, A, Aleti, A, Khalilpour, R & Dunstall, S 2018, 'An Efficient Method Based on Adaptive Time Resolution for the Unit Commitment Problem', 2018 IEEE POWER & ENERGY SOCIETY GENERAL MEETING (PESGM), IEEE-Power-and-Energy-Society General Meeting (PESGM), IEEE, Portland, OR.
Khalilpour, R 2014, 'Produced water management: An example of a regulatory gap', Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Oilfield Water Management Conference and Exhibition.
The current Oil-in-Water (OiW) regulations, measuring only dispersed oil and grease content, have been practiced for long time without any significant improvement. This is whilst the major hazardous portion of produced water falls in dissolved components. Although, in recent years numerous technologies have been commercialized for online measurement and treatment of the entire components of produced water, the regulations have not been updated, except for some limited regions. Given the international awareness of sustainability and the move towards zero discharge, it seems that the environmental authorities have delayed in upgrading their current unsustainable "oil-and-grease" regulations with more accurate ones. It is recommendable to the prospective field developers/operators to take into account the dissolved components of produced water and consider the economic consequences of adopting tertiary produced water polishing technologies.
Qadir, A, Dyson, A, Sharma, M, Arab, M, Khalilpour, R, Chiesa, M & Abbas, A 2013, 'Computer-aided solvent and process design for carbon capture', Computational Molecular Science and Engineering Forum 2013 - Core Programming Area at the 2013 AIChE Annual Meeting: Global Challenges for Engineering a Sustainable Future, p. 19.
Li, Z, Sharma, M, Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2012, 'Optimal Operation of Solvent-based Post-combustion Carbon Capture Processes with Reduced Models', GHGT-11, International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies (GHGT), ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Kyoto, JAPAN, pp. 1500-1508.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Alshehri, A, Khalilpour, R, Abbas, A & Lai, Z 2012, 'Membrane Systems Engineering for Post-combustion Carbon Capture', GHGT-11, International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies (GHGT), ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Kyoto, JAPAN, pp. 976-985.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2011, 'Membrane carbon capture and the critical role of process system engineering', 1st Annual World Congress on Sustainable Engineering 2011 - Topical Conference at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, pp. 587-588.
Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2011, 'Integrated design and dynamic operation of solventbased PCC processes', 1st Annual World Congress on Sustainable Engineering 2011 - Topical Conference at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, pp. 286-287.
© 1st Annual World Congress on Sustainable Engineering 2011 - Topical Conference at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting. All rights reserved. Despite notable developments in solvent-based Post-combustion Carbon Capture (PCC) processes, the implementation of this technology in a power plant still burdens notable energy penalty mainly due to solvent regeneration. The energy penalty though varies by the type of power plant and by different techno-economic studies, is estimated to be above 20% (Khalilpour and Abbas, 2011). This results in serious reduction in power plant load. One of the ways for power plants to reduce the profit loss, due to reduction of power load, is to schedule their carbon capture process. Considering the fact that the legal carbon capture requirements will be annual-based, a power plant would be able o choose to operate its PCC process in full capacity when the market electricity price is not high (e.g. Off-peak). Contrarily, at a time with high electricity demand, the PCC process can be ramped down (or maybe shut-down) to allow maximum power generation. This strategy is very important for societies with liberated electricity markets. In a monopoly electricity market, the government is usually responsible for investment in power plants and for satisfying the society electricity demands. In such condition, the load plan of power plants is defined by regional demand. Contrarily, in a liberated electricity market, such as in Australia, power plant operators plan their loading based on market price. This means that a combination of various factors such as weather temperature, working-day/holiday and others results in different demand and defines market electricity price (usually at every 30-minute interval). Consequently, the wholesale electricity price shows high volatility. Therefore, it is vital and economically attractive to study the dynamic behavior of power plants integrated with PCC process. This can allow power operators to analyze the complicac...
Khalilpour, R & Karimi, IA 2009, 'Optimal LNG contract selection using mixed integer linear programming', AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings.
Khalilpour, R & Karimi, IA 2009, 'Evaluation of LNG, CNG, GTL and NGH for monetization of stranded associated gas with the incentive of carbon credit', Society of Petroleum Engineers - International Petroleum Technology Conference 2009, IPTC 2009, pp. 3568-3572.
Associated gas is estimated to account for 17% of global gas reserves. However, majority of associated gas resources are small or located offshore which have made the utilization uneconomical. Operators have thus preferred either flaring or re-injecting the gas rather than utilization. Currently, none of these two options are favored as it is proven that gas re-injection has reverse effect on well recovery over time. Gas flaring is also not pleasant (even not permitted) because of stringent environmental regulations such as carbon tax. These reasons and the elevating energy prices have increased attentions towards utilization of associated gas resources. There are a number of gas utilization technologies that have the potential to make the development of stranded gas resources economically viable. Some of these however have not yet been fully developed and proven on a commercial scale, though being conceptually feasible. The most advanced among these alternative technologies include LNG, CNG, GTL and NGH. These processes are highly capital-intensive and require considerable gas reserves to justify their deployment. Accordingly, these technologies are challenged to be economical when the size of the field is small (like most of the associated gas resources) or the markets are located far away from the field. In this study, we have investigated each of these processes based on different variables such as reservoir capacity, distance to market, process CAPEX & OPEX, safety, etc. This paper discusses the pros and cons of these processes and presents the sweet spot for each of the technologies based on gas reserve and distance to market. Copyright 2009, International Petroleum Technology Conference.
Khalilpour, R & Abbas, A 2008, 'Optimal design of multi-cyclone using mixed-integer nonlinear programming', AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings.