Dr Karen Wang (PhD in Management) has taught and coordinated the postgraduate subjects of change management, international management and organizational behaviours. Her current research focuses on leadership, entrepreneurship and innovation in the international context. She is the author of more than 90 articles, books, book chapters and conference papers, including publications in academic journals in Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of International Management, International Negotiation and International Business Review. One of her published books, entitled Business Culture in China, has been translated into other three languages: Japanese, Indonesian and Korean. She is a core researcher of the University Key Research Centre. She has been/ is a Visiting Professor in RUC and PU, China and had/has been a member of Editorial Advisory Boards and the Editorial Review Board in journals, including Journal Small Business Management, Management Research Review, Journal of Technology Management in China and Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship
Can supervise: YES
Innovation, leadership, entrepreneurship, knowledge management and managerial psychology in the international context
Organizational behaviour, international management and change management
Wang, KY, Zhang, X & Goodfellow, R 2003, China Business Culture: Strategies for Success, 1, Talisman Publishing PTE LTD, Singapore.
Zhang, X, Wang, KY, Wrathall, J, Berrell, MM & Gloet, M 2002, Managing in the Ero of Globalization: International Management, first, The Press of the Renmin University of China, Beijing.
International management issues, with focusing on China' s context
Wang, Y, Xin, SZ & Goodfellow, R 1998, Business Culture in China, Butterworth-Heinemann.
This book does not attempt to 'explain' China's complex business culture in terms of tradition alone, but rather looks at business as a dynamic expression of a living, changing culture.
Gupta, B, Wang, KY & Cai, W 2020, 'Interactional justice and willingness to share tacit knowledge: perceived cost as a mediator, and respectful engagement as moderator', PERSONNEL REVIEW.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Huang, K-P, Wang, K & Chen, S 2020, 'BRAND EVALUATION, ANIMOSITY, ETHNOCENTRISM, AND PURCHASE INTENTION: A COUNTRY OF ORIGIN PERSPECTIVE', International Journal of Organizational Innovation, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1-9.
The study aimed at exploring the concept of Country of Origin (COO) with respect to the issue of strategic behaviour. Furthermore, its relation with the four other factors or concepts, namely Consumer Ethnocentrism, Brand Evaluation, Consumer Pur-chase Intention, and Consumer Animosity in some way or the other had also been highlighted in this study in detail. The study further helped in framing four proposi-tions for determining the stated relationships individually with the support of proper justifications. It also helped in concluding that the country, in which an organisation produces or even grows particular products has a lot to do with the cultural, as well as, moral notions of the consumers (Consumer Ethnocentrism and Consumer Ani-mosity) along with their preferences, affordability, and needs over time (Consumer Purchase Intention). Finally, it also needs to be noted that this study facilitated in un-derstanding that the COO influences the values, entity, as well as, the image of a brand in the minds of the target consumers.
Huang, K-P & Wang, Y 2019, 'A Study on the Correlation between Working Pressure and Job Satisfaction from the Viewpoint of Work Exhaustion', Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala, vol. 64, pp. 235-245.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Under the rapid industrialization, the country has become a major high-tech industry in Asia. Being an important industry in domestic strategic development, high-tech industry attracts a lot of manpower. During the depression after the financial crisis, organizations' adoption of layoffs and unpaid leave to increase work or transfer positions induced employees' worries. There was news about hi-tech millionaires dying young of overwork in past years. Working pressure therefore became the major problem emphasized by human resource managers. Stress management related issues have been discussed academically or practically in recent years. Aiming at high-tech employees of Hsinchu Science Park in Taiwan, 500 copies of questionnaire are distributed and 387 valid copies are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 77%. The research results reveal 1.positive relations between working pressure and work exhaustion, 2.negative relations between work exhaustion and job satisfaction, and 3.negative relations between working pressureandjob satisfaction. According to the results, suggestions are proposed, expecting to assist high-tech industry in improving employees'working pressure to largely benefit employee health and industrial yield.
Huang, K-P, Wang, KY & Yao, Y-H 2019, 'Social Network and Tacit Knowledge Acquisition: The Role of Entrepreneurs' Social Skill.', International Journal of Organizational Innovation, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 315-327.
The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of entrepreneurs' social skills on the
social network and tacit knowledge acquisition. The conclusion of the study indicates
that entrepreneurs' social skills including impression management and social perception
influence fostering social networks by promoting face-to-face interactions to understand
reactions, reciprocity and even motives of others. The impact of entrepreneurs'
social skills on tacit knowledge acquisition is further determined by strong social
networks and preserving affable business relations of an entrepreneurial firm.
Zhou, H-P, Wang, KY, Yao, Y-H & Huang, K-P 2019, 'The moderating role of knowledge structure in the open innovation effect', Management Decision, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 2223-2238.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between open innovation (OI) and innovative performance, and to explore the moderating effect of knowledge structure, including component knowledge and architectural knowledge, on this particular relationship.
Design/methodology/approach. The proposed model was tested with regression analysis of data collected through a questionnaire survey of 231 employees of Chinese manufacturing firms.
Findings. Our findings indicate that inbound OI is positively related to innovative performance and that outbound OI has an inverted U-shaped effect on innovative performance. By presenting empirical evidence of the moderating effects of component and architectural knowledge, our analysis of results demonstrates that the strong alignment between knowledge structure and OI results in superior innovative performance.
Originality/value. This study addresses the controversial issues brought up by previous studies with findings of an inverted U-shaped effect of outbound OI on innovative performance. By exploring the moderating effect of knowledge structure, we provide insights into how internal contextual factors in relation to organizational knowledge can affect the efficacy of the inbound and outbound OI on innovative performance.
Keywords open innovation; innovative performance; knowledge structure; component and architectural knowledge.
Wang, KY & Clegg, S 2018, 'SME resource acquisition in transition economies: power dependence and induced bribery', Business and Politics, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 331-359.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Researchers have extensively studied how large firms and SMEs use business and political ties to obtain tangible and intangible resources in transition economies. However, how SMEs establish these ties in the context of power-imbalanced dependence by using unethical and illegal "strategic practice" such as bribery remains underexplored. Furthermore, how SMEs deploy strategies to mitigate such risky actions in the process of resource acquisition is also given limited attention in the literature. Lack of exploration of these issues leaves significant gaps in our understanding of how SMEs are able to initiate and operate their ties for survival and growth despite enormous institutional constraints. We analyze the negative and positive effects of power dependence on business resource acquisition via regression analysis using survey data drawn from 232 Chinese SMEs. The findings indicate that power-imbalanced dependence among SMEs is associated with their use of bribery to establish political ties with officials for access to resources. The moderating effect of power-mutual dependence on this relationship is also examined. Theoretical significance and managerial implications of these findings for SMEs in transition economies are discussed.
Dai, F, Teo, STT & Wang, KY 2017, 'Network Marketing Businesses and Chinese Ethnicity Immigrants in Australia', Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 444-459.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2016 International Council for Small Business This study adopts two theoretical perspectives, Social Cognitive Theory and Theory of Planned Behavior, to examine a model of network marketing business participation by Chinese immigrants in Australia. A structural equations modeling analysis showed that the social environment within a network marketing organization positively influences the self-efficacy of Chinese network marketers and their desire to seek opportunities. These factors positively influence the actions undertaken by network marketers, and subsequently, impact positively on their performance outcome.
Huang, K-P, Lo, SC, Tung, J & Wang, KY 2017, 'Country-of-origin and Consumer Ethnocentrism: Effect on Brand Image and Product Evaluation', Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 357-364.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Wang, Y & Wang, KY 2017, 'How do firms tackle strategic change? A theoretical model of the choice between dynamic capability-based and ad hoc problem-solving approaches', Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 725-743.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Huang, KP, Yang, CL & Wang, KY 2016, 'Authenticity Displays in the Service Interactions: An Emotional Contagion Perspective', Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 302-310.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Emotional contagion has a great influence on service communications. The regulation of emotions helps the front line service employee
to meet the demands of the customers successfully and hence, helps the organisations to achieve their goals. An analysis of the
significance of emotional contagion in service interactions has been done, which also helps to develop a clear understanding in relation
to deep acting as well as surface acting. It was seen that customer satisfaction is the most important as well as the most appropriate
indicator or predictor of customer loyalty. Although, surface acting is negatively related to customer satisfaction, deep acting is
optimistically related to customer satisfaction. Moreover, regulation of emotions helps the service personnel to display the appropriate
emotions in front of the target customers, which in accordance with rules of the organisation. It also helps the service personnel to
maintain proper work-life balance. Results also show that motivation also helps individuals to regulate emotions successfully and hence,
ensure customer satisfaction.
Wang, Y, Wang, KY & Ma, XF 2016, 'Understanding International Business Negotiation Behaviour: Credible Commitments, Dispute Resolution, and the Role of Institutions', International Negotiation: A Journal of Theory and Practice, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 165-198.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Developed mainly in the broad field of negotiation, the existing literature on international
business negotiation has adopted theoretical perspectives that focus on differences
between negotiating parties. In this article, we argue that opportunism is more
fundamental than differences in our understanding of international business negotiation
behavior. Parties' concerns over how to mitigate opportunism are the fundamental
force that drives such negotiation behavior, and the likelihood of opportunism is
affected mostly by the economic nature of the asset parties committed to the business
exchange. By synthesizing transaction cost economics and new institutional economics,
this paper develops an alternative theoretical model that complements the existing
negotiation literature to explain negotiation behavior. Our model theorizes
relationships between parties' ex-ante credible commitments and ex-post dispute
resolution strategies and explores how institutions moderate such relationships in
shaping international business negotiation behavior and process.
Huang, KP & Wang, KY 2015, 'Entrepreneurship in SMEs: The Effects of Social Capital And Environmental Dynamism', Academy of Taiwan Business Management Review, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 88-98.
The study explores entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and entrepreneurship research in the context
of China. Prior researches have focused on large enterprises and have generally ignored small and
medium sized enterprises (SMEs), which will be the focus of this research. According to
resource-based view (RBV), resource acquisition is more complex for SMEs than larger enterprises.
Organizational resources contribute towards strategy making processes. In the context of resource
acquisition, social networks serves as ideal platform for SMEs as they enable the firms to deal with
obstacles and grow new efficiencies. Environmental dynamism involves uncertain conditions of the
environment. The study will explore the impacts of environmental dynamism on the EO of SMEs with
regard to resource acquisition. Based on Taiwanese SMEs functioning in China, the study illustrates
the contributions of social capital, environmental dynamism and resource acquisition on the
assessment of EO impact on firm's performance in emerging economies.
Wang, KY, Hermens, A, Huang, KP & Chelliah, J 2015, 'Entrepreneurial Orientation and Organizational Learning on SMEs' Innovation', International Journal of Organizational Innovation, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 71-81.
Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) is a driver of firms' innovation. The phenomenon of EO as a prerequisite for innovation has become a central focus of corporate entrepreneurship literature. Despite an abundance of research suggesting that innovation capability contributes to SMEs' performance, little is known how dimensions of EO specifically influence SMEs' innovation. Furthermore, although prior research has examined various factors that influence the EO– innovation relationship, few studies have address views how organizational learning influences
the EO-innovation relationship in the SMEs context. Based on the literature review, our study attempts to fill this gap by postulating that entrepreneurial innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking are related to SMEs' innovation and that organizational learning positively moderates the EO–innovation relationships.
Casimir, G, Ng, YN, Wang, KY & Ooi, G 2014, 'The relationships amongst leader-member exchange, perceived organizational support, affective commitment, and in-role performance: A social-exchange perspective', Leadership and Organization Development Journal, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 366-385.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The purpose of this paper is to examine whether leader-member exchange (LMX) and perceived organizational support (POS) have interactive effects on affective commitment to the organization. The utility of Social Exchange Theory for explaining workplace attitudes and behaviors in non-Western settings has been questioned. Another objective is to test the hypotheses, which are based on Social Exchange Theory, within a Chinese context.
Wang, KY, Kitvorametha, C & Wang, Y 2014, 'Learning of Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Local Tacit Business Knowledge', Contemporary Management Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 81-104.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The immigrant entrepreneurs capabilities to recognize and gain tacit business knowledge are critical for their success in the host country. However, little scholarly attention is given to the issue of business learning of immigrant entrepreneurs in a host country. Through multiple theoretical lenses, our study fills the gap by examining the extent to which the human and social capital of immigrant entrepreneurs are associated with the local business tacit knowledge learning in terms of learning capacities and facilitation. Based on a sample of immigrant entrepreneurs in Australia, the findings of our study indicate that industry-specific training and cultural similarity of cognitive social capital are related to immigrant entrepreneurs tacit marketing knowledge learning. The formal education of context-generic human capital enables them with tacit financial knowledge learning. Moreover, trustworthiness of relational social capital plays a critical role in facilitating their learning in both tacit marketing and financial knowledge. This study contributes to the entrepreneurship literature by addressing issues of immigrant entrepreneurs business learning.
Huang, K & Wang, KY 2013, 'The Moderating Effect Of Social Capital And Environmental Dynamism On The Link Between Entrepreneurial Orientation And Resource Acquisition', Quality and Quantity, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 1617-1628.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This study attempts to define the four constructs identified in the title and examine patterns of interaction among them. It begins by demonstrating that entrepreneurial orientation influences resource acquisition. It then puts forward a set of parameter
Wang, Y & Wang, KY 2013, 'Uncovering Control Mechanisms in Contractual Joint Ventures in China', Corporate Ownership & Control, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 114-120.
the paper examines the control mechanisms within CJV non-equity alliances, enhancing our knowledge of one of the most important yet least understood form of foreign investment in China. The findings also help foreign investors to better understand how to use CJVs as an organizational vehicle to enter Chinese market. Zhen Chen and Fei Guo study the determinants of executive compensation in listed firms in China between 2002 and 2005. They find that both agency theory and managerialism hold true in Chinese listed companies. Compensation contract is the result of the game by stockholders and managers.
Teo, ST, Segal, N, Morgan, AC, Kandlbinder, PA, Wang, KY & Hingorani, A 2012, 'Generic skills development and satisfaction with groupwork among business students: Effect of country of permanent residency', Education & Training, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 472-487.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The purpose of this study is to examine variables explaining students' positive and negative experiences of groupwork and connect country of residence with the perception of generic skills development and self-reported satisfaction with groupwork. It also aims to examine the effect of prior training in groups from the perspective of Australian and Non-Australian permanent residency Business students. Respondents were 389 undergraduate and postgraduate Business students at an Australian metropolitan university. A path model was developed and analysed using partial least squares modeling. Students' country of residence had a significant influence on reporting of generic skill development and experience of groupwork. Self-reported improvement in generic skills after groupwork assessment was associated with reporting of fewer negative and more positive aspects of working in groups. The findings were limited by using data collected from students enrolled in one undergraduate and one postgraduate subject at the conclusion of a group assignment from one university. Future research should test the model by extending it to other universities and non-Business units. Future research should rely on a longitudinal design, where the survey is carried out at the beginning and the end of the group assessment. It is important to ensure both domestic and international students acquire generic skills through groupwork and that prior training in groupwork takes place before group assessments. The study provides empirical evidence supporting the incorporation of generic skill teaching into academic practice prior to assigning groupwork to students.
Wang, KY, Clegg, S & Xu, E 2012, 'Bribery and Heterogeneous Networks as Strategies for SME Resource Acquisition in Emerging Economies', Academy of Management Proceedings, vol. 2012, no. 1, pp. 12189-12189.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Wang, KY, Wang, Y, Huang, K & Deng, J 2012, 'Heterogeneous networks and resource acquisition of SMEs in emerging economies', Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 1643-1657.View/Download from: Publisher's site
It is acknowledged that social capital plays an important role in the growth of entrepreneurial firms. However, few studies have examined the contribution and function of social capital networks that contain structural holes (heterogeneous networks) in emerging economies. It is not clear how trustworthiness and behavioural commitment impact on effectiveness of these networks in obtaining resources. This study explores how heterogeneous networks characterize successful entrepreneurship of small-medium enterprises in such setting. We find that behavioural commitmentmoderates the relationship between heterogeneous networks and resource acquisition, while trustworthiness does not significantly moderate this relationship. The impact of the findings on the literature and practice in emerging economies is discussed, as is the need for future research in this domain.
Dai, F, Wang, KY & Teo, ST 2011, 'Chinese immigrants in network marketing business in Western host country context', International Business Review, vol. 20, pp. 659-669.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Many Chinese immigrants start their entrepreneurship business by joining major network marketing businesses in Western host countries. The willingness of these Chinese immigrants to undertake network marketing rests on the influence of the social environment of the network marketing organization. Network marketing specific selfefficacy, social competence and motivation for establishing oneâs own business are also hypothesized to play an important role in their engagement in entrepreneurial actions. Drawing upon Banduraâs social cognitive theory and the immigrant entrepreneurship literature, the present study investigates whether the social environmental influence of a network marketing organization affects the extent to which Chinese immigrants develop the self-efficacy, social competence and motivation to establish their own business and how these variables affect the actions undertaken in the host country. The study is based on the sample of 194 Chinese immigrants in their adopted host country, Australia. The findings of the survey suggest that the social environment within network marketing organizations positively affects self-efficacy, which in turn positively affects the entrepreneurial actions undertaken by Chinese immigrants in conducting their network marketing business. Social environmental influence impacts positively on their motivation to establish their own network marketing business and social competence. However the effects of motivation and social competence on entrepreneurial action were not supported. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.
Abstract: Problem statement: The study aims to offer a discussion on social capital and guanxi, in order to illustrate the similarities and differences between these two concepts and how Chinese guanxi varies from Western preconceptions concerning social networking. Approach: The literature review and arguments were conducted to provide a systematic discussion of the guanxi and social capital relationship. Results: Both guanxi and social capital involve social relations; it is important to appreciate that guanxi does not relate exclusively to social capital, or that guanxi itself is simply another term for social capital. Conclusion: Both guanxi and social capital are similar concepts. Social capital is considered as both the attributes of individuals and organizations; thus, guanxi is distinctively about interpersonal relationships, which are often lost within the corporate environments of large organizations.
Huang, K, Wang, KY, Kuo-Hisung, C & Yien, J 2011, 'Revealing the Effects of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Firm Performance:A Conceptual Approach', Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 16, pp. 3049-3052.
The study aims to investigate the effects of entrepreneurial orientation on firm performance. Entrepreneurial orientation has emerged as an important construct within the strategic management and entrepreneurship literatures over the past two decades. In recent times, especially with the growth of globalization and other such factors, the p erformance measurement standards and parameters have changed. This has also led to a significant change in the factors that are now used within the operational sphere of an organization in order to affect the firm performance. Empirical studies on the determinants of finn performance have identified that the entrepreneurial orientation of the firm's senior management has a significant positive influence. However, the study suggests that the performance implications of entrepreneurial orientation might vary depending on the finn's circumstances.
Wang, KY, Fang, Y & Teo, ST 2011, 'The moderating effect of face values: Information sharing and initiative encouragement in China's civil service', International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 325-340.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Despite previous studies on face values across a number of disciplines, there is limited research on how face values influence manager-subordinate relationships in Chinaâs civil service. This study examines the role of managersâ face values in the relationship between their trust in subordinate loyalty and willingness to empower subordinates. The findings of our study indicate that superior face-saving and face-enhancing values moderate the relationships between information sharing, initiative encouragement, and their trust in subordinate loyalty.
Huang, K, Wang, C, Tseng, M & Wang, KY 2010, 'A study on entrepreneurial orientation and resource acquisition: The effects of social capital', African Journal of Business Management, vol. 4, no. 15, pp. 3226-3231.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) has emerged as an important construct within the strategic management and entrepreneurship literatures over the past two decades. Empirical studies on the determinants of firms resource acquisition have shown a fairly consistent positive relationship between the EO of the firms senior management and firms resource acquisition capability. Studies aimed at understanding this relationship have primarily focused on analyzing the separate dimensions of EO, or on isolating contingency variables that are thought to moderate this relationship. However, there has been limited research on the mechanisms that might moderate the influence of EO on firms resource acquisition capability. According to the Resource-Based View (RBV) of the firm, resource acquisition tends to be considerably more challenging for enterprises. The RBV implies that differential endowment of organizational resources is an important determinant of strategic actions and performance. Previous research has shown that social networks can give firms an important advantage in the acquisition of valuable resources.
Wang, KY & Zamantili Nayir, D 2010, 'Procedural justice, participation and power distance: Information sharing in Chinese firms', Management Research Review, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 66-78.View/Download from: Publisher's site
urpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which procedural justice influences a manager's decision-making behaviour and the extent to which managerial values related to power-distance moderates the relationship between participation in decision processes and procedural justice. Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire survey was conducted in this study. Dependent variables were the degree of participation in decision making and the degree of sharing information with subordinates. Independent variables were procedural justice and power distance.
Wattanasiripong, N, Wang, KY & LEENAWONG', C 2010, 'Computational models for studying leadership modes', Far East Journal of Mathematical Sciences, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 121-136.
Computational models for studying the effects of permanent and rotating leadership on the performances of teams that have full interaction among team members are proposed. In each model, the leader performs both leading roles and regular tasks as an ordinary team member. Permanent leadership refers to the situation when a team has only one leader for the entire time the team exists while rotating leadership refers to the situation when every team member rotates for the leader position. Computer simulations are used for examining the effects of the parameters in these models such as the amount of time the team exists for, the learning ability of a member, and the skill level of the leader on the expected team performance.
Deng, J & Wang, KY 2009, 'Feeling Trusted And Loyalty: Modeling Supervisor-Subordinate Interaction From A Trustee Perspective', The International Employment Relations Review, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 16-38.
Previous research on interpersonal trust has focused only on trusting, such as the antecedents leading to trust in management. This study explores the effect of subordinate feeling trusted in the interaction between Chinese supervisors and subordinates. We examine the mediating effect of subordinate satisfaction with supervisor and the moderating effect of trust in supervisor on their loyalty to supervisor in this interaction. The findings indicate that subordinate feeling trusted positively affects their satisfaction with the supervisor and ultimately results in improving loyalty to supervisor. The article concludes with a discussion of theoretical and practical implications for trust management in real work settings.
Wang, KY, Li-Hua, R & Xu, E 2009, 'Acquisition of tacit marketing knowledge: A role of human capital and social capital of entrepreneurs in China', Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 103-120.
Focusing on entrepreneurship in China's emerging economy, this paper aims to explore the extent to which the human capital and social capital of Chinese entrepreneurs facilitates their acquisition of tacit marketing knowledge. The paper proposes a conceptual framework that links tacit marketing knowledge and entrepreneurs' human and social capital. When accessibility of the general knowledge of expertise and professional business in a society is low, Chinese entrepreneurs in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) thus depend on their own resources of human capital and abilities of social capital to acquire tacit knowledge. Both specific and general human capitals facilitate Chinese entrepreneurs' acquisition of tacit marketing knowledge. With a strong awareness of the low level of institutional trust in the current transition economy, Chinese entrepreneurs develop the interpersonal trusting relationship to gain social support. Through the trust and trustworthiness, the quality of relationships in business networks creates the personal relational resource for tacit knowledge reciprocity. This paper fills the gap in the literature by identifying critical intervening components of human and social capitals in the entrepreneurship process in China's emerging market knowledge which have previously remained untouched. The key issues of how Chinese entrepreneurs of private SMEs initially acquire knowledge-based resources to operate their businesses are critically proposed.
Huang, K & Wang, KY 2008, 'Benefits and Risks of Social Capital - A Resource-Based Approach', International Journal of Organizational Innovation, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 18-29.
This paper reviews concepts of social capital, resource-based view and resource dependence theory with the view of focusing on their most basic meaning as a basis for determining the benefits and risks of social capital. The benefits of social capital from the resource-based view were explored with focus on how firms achieve competitive advantage. The risks of social capital from the resource dependence perspective were likewise reviewed in the context of individual and corporate behavior. The review concluded with a recommendation for study on how to maximize benefits and reduce therisk of social capital in multidimensional situation.
Jiang, L, Wang, KY & Crawford, JD 2008, 'Burnout and Organizational Factors: A Study of Chinese Nurses in China', The International Employment Relations Review, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1-13.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Wang, KY & Casimir, G 2007, 'How Attitudes of Leaders May Enhance Organizational Creativity: Evidence from a Chinese Study', Creativity and Innovation Management, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 229-238.
It has been argued that a key factor in the development of competitive advantage is the provision of an environment that encourages employees to be creative. Leaders play a crucial role in cultivating an environment that encourages subordinates to be creative. Based on a survey of 219 managers in privately owned enterprises in China, this study investigates how trust in subordinates in terms of their reliability and their loyalty to the leader is related to leaders encouraging subordinates to be creative. The findings reveal positive relationships between these two types of trust in subordinates and leaders encouraging subordinates to be creative. The findings also reveal that attitude to formalization moderated the relationship between trust in subordinates and encouraging them to be creative.
Wang, KY & Clegg, SR 2007, 'Managing to lead in private enterprises in China: Work values, demography and the development of trust', Leadership, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 149-172.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Wang, KY & Fulop, L 2007, 'Managerial Trust and Work Values within the Context of International Joint Ventures in China', International Management, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 164-186.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The paper reports on a study of International Joint Ventures (IJVs) in China and provides empirical evidence on how Chinese managers in IJVs, compared with their State-Owned Enterprise (SOE) counterparts, are responding to their new work environments. Changing work practices, in particular human resource management (HRM), are altering the trust dynamics between managers and their subordinates. Changed trust relations pose problems for many Chinese managers originally from SOEs but now working in IJVs. The study examines how Chinese mangersâ perceptions of trust in subordinates are being influenced by the work values in IJVs. Key findings of our study suggest that for these managers, trust in subordinates is related to certain beliefs surrounding work values of centralization, formalization and group orientation.
Fang, Y & Wang, KY 2006, 'Teaching performance and turnover: A study of school teachers in Singapore', Employment Relations Record, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 33-48.
How to improve performance and reduce turnover of teachers is two crucial issues for the education administrators. This study addressed these under-explored issues with a focus on stress and commitment, based on an investigation of 164 school teachers in Singapore. The findings of the study indicate that organisational commitment predicts both self-rated and supervisor-rated performance. Stress and stress-square are also the significant predictors of self-rating performance. Stress, organisational commitment, professional commitment, alternative employment opportunities are found to be significant predictors of turnover intention. The results suggested that administrators in education sector should pay attention to teachers' commitment and stress.
Evtushenko, M, Wang, KY, Stokes, H & Nair, H 2005, 'Blood protein purification and simulaneous removal of nonenveloped viruses using tangential-flow preparative electrophoresis', Electrophoresis, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 28-34.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gradiflow is new technology allowing purification of important blood proteins from viral contaminated plasma. Protein purification is based on unique scalable tangential-flow preparative electrophoresis, and is distinct from current technology because pr
Wang, KY & Clinton, B 2005, 'Trust and Social Values', Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 2-10.
Yao, Y, Xiao, S & Wang, KY 2005, 'A study of the effect mechanism of organisational citizenship behavior on employees' performance', Journal of System Science and Information, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 781-788.
Wang, KY 2003, 'Trust procedural justice and decision-making style: a study of collective and private enterprises in the context of China's reform', Managerial Finance, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 1-13.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Wang, KY & Clegg, SR 2003, 'The influence of the dichotomy of organizational values on decision-making', Zhongguo Renmin Daxue Xuebao - Journal of Renmin University of China, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 85-93.
Wang, KY & Zhao, P 2003, 'A comparative study of decision-making styles of Chinese and Australian managers', Journal of Macroeconomics, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 62-63.
the study conjecture that different forms of ownership in China will be associated with variations on the issues of trust and test the relationship between values and development of trust
Wang, K, Clegg, SR, Tang, C & Fang, Y 2015, 'Chapter eleven incremental innovation and knowledge exploitation in SMES: Learning and social facilitation' in Soliman, F (ed), From Knowledge Management to Learning Organisation to Innovation: The Way Ahead!, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK.
Teo, ST & Wang, KY 2008, 'Performance appraisal' in Clegg, S & Bailey, J (eds), The International Encyclopedia of Organization Studies, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, Portland, OR, pp. 1233-1235.
Wang, KY & Teo, ST 2008, 'Performance appraisal' in Clegg, S & Balley, J (eds), International encyclopedia of organization studies, Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp. 1233-1234.
Clegg, SR, Wang, KY & Berrell, M 2007, 'Business Networks and Strategic Alliances in China: An Introduction' in Clegg, SR, Wang, K & Berrell, M (eds), Business Networks and Strategic Alliances in China, Edward Elgar Publishing, London, UK, pp. 3-27.
Teo, ST & Wang, KY 2007, 'Human Capital, Social Capital and Firm Performance in Chinese SMEs' in Clegg, S, Wang, K & Berrell, M (eds), Business Networks and Strategic Alliances in China, Edward Elgar, London, pp. 230-251.
Wang, KY 2007, 'The Contextual Balance of Social Capital within Hierarchical Relations in China: Benefits and Risks' in Clegg, S, Wang, K & Berrell, M (eds), Business Networks and Strategic Alliances in China, Edward Elgar, London, pp. 209-229.
Wang, KY 2003, 'Which managers trust employees? ownership variations in China's transitional economy' in Warner, M (ed), The Future of Chinese Management, Frank Cass & Co. Ltd, London, UK, pp. 138-157.
Based on investigation of managers drawn from Northern China, this research contributes empirical evidence to support the proposition that the trust placed by management in employees varies in divergent ownership models. These include collectively owned, privately owned and international joint venture forms in China. The managers in private forms have the highest trust in employee predictability and good faith. Managers in collective enterprises develop the lowest trust in employees. The managerial values of power distance and collectivism are also found to have an effect on the present and future development of trust by management in these forms of enterprises. © 2003 Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Huang, K, Chung, T, Wang, KY & Chen, K 2013, 'Paternalistic Leadership and Ethical Judgement in Chinese Management Confucian and Collectivism Approaches', Proceedings of 2013 ICOI The international Conference of Organizational Innovation, International Conference of Organizational Innovation, The International Association of Organizational Innovation, Hua Hin, Thailand, pp. 1064-1078.
The study aims to explore the linkages between Confucian principles, collectivism and paternalistic leadership and ethical judgement in Chinese organizations. Literature review is applied to collect and collate prior research dealing with the topic and then conducts a critical review and analysis of the literature to develop research propositions. It is found that the paternalistic leadership style is underpinned by the Confucian principles and collectivism and that the paternalistic leaders are able to influence ethical judgment and decision making. The study also highlights that in spite of the numerous advantages associated with the paternalistic leadership style there are also several concerns associated with its utility in the modern day globalised and highly competitive business environment
Huang, K, Wang, KY & Chelliah, J 2011, 'Entrepreneurial Orientation and Resource Acquisition: An Environmental Dynamism Perspective', 2011 The International Conference on Organizational Innovation, The International Conference on Organizational Innovation, International Conference on Organizational Innovation, Malaysia, pp. 507-521.
This study attempts to define the three constructs identified in the title and examine patterns of interaction among them. It begins by demonstrating that entrepreneurial orientation influences resource acquisition. It then puts forward a set of parameters to assess the degree to which factor identified as environmental dynamism affect an entrepreneurial orientation resource acquisition equation. The study finds that there are relationships between all three of the constructs, but in two propositions developed in the course of discussion it puts forward issues that may be clarified by future research, which from various angles could show how entrepreneurially oriented firms react differently from more established firms in terms of their acquisition of resources and interaction with environmental dynamism.
Teo, ST, Ho, CY, Xie, L, Wang, KY & Segal, N 2011, 'Career Experience of Asian Ethnicity Immigrants In Australia', 18th Biennial Conference, IERA, International Employment Relations Association Conference, IERA, Singapore, pp. 98-108.
The literature has shown that most immigrants reported a negative experience with their career in their newly adopted countries. In particular, they complained of loss in income and status, especially for those from non-English speaking countries. The Social Psychology literature has been shown that ethnic identity can influence an immigrant's perception of the fairness of organizational recruitment and job acceptance intention. However, little is known of the impact of immigrant's ethnic identity and how this impacts on their career experience. This is the subject of the current paper as we draw upon the literature on ethnic identity and social cognition career theory to examine the career experience 196 `visible racial minority' individuals in Australia. These individuals were immigrants from Asia (first generation Asian Australians) and Asian-born Australians (second generation Asian Australians) in Australia.
Wang, KY, Chelliah, J & Kitvorametha, C 2011, 'Entrepreneurial Learning in Thai Enclaves', Proceedings of the Business and Information Annual Conference, International Conference on Business and Information, Academy of Taiwan Information Systems Research, Bangkok, pp. 1-16.
This paper investigates the relationship between human and social capital and business knowledge acquisition of Thai immigrant entrepreneurs in Australian restaurant businesses. Business knowledge acquisition in this paper is distinguished into two types: marketing knowledge and financial knowledge. This study attempts to examine the extent to which 1) human capital aspects, formal education, industry-related training and experience are related to the acquisition of marketing and financial knowledge, and 2) social capital dimensions are related to marketing and financial knowledge acquisition. An anonymous survey of 540 Thai restaurant owners was conducted. Eighty-five usable questionnaires were returned from the 540, which were used for analysis. Thai immigrant entrepreneurs demonstrate relatively high educational background with some specific knowledge of the industry. Principal components analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were the two major statistical techniques employed to address the hypotheses.
Wang, KY, Wang, PZ & Agarwal, R 2011, 'The mediating effect of endogenous creativity on knowledge exploitation and firm performance in an emerging economy', Investigating Strategies of Recovery from the Recession, International Strategic Management Conference, Type setting: Mehtap OZSAHIN, Paris-France, pp. 875-882.
The emerging economies are key factors in the future growth of world trade and the maintenance of global financial stability. Little is known about the way in which firms in emerging economies strategically manage the learning â creativity process to develop competitive advantage in both domestic and global markets. We extend the literature on learning and human capital by positing a model and examining 1) the mediating role of higherorder human capital in the relationship between learning facilitation and knowledge exploitation (KE); and 2) the mediating role of endogenous creativity in the KE â firm performance relationship. Qualitative method based on the sample in Chinaâs firms was adopted and the results indicate that all the hypothesized relationships are supported.
Dai, F, Teo, ST & Wang, KY 2010, 'An extension of the model of network marketing business entrepreneurial performance', 24th Annual Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference : Managing Unknowable Futures, Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, ANZAM, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 1-49.
This study extends a path model that examines the factors explaining why 227 Chinese immigrants participate in network marketing (NM) business in Australia. Our analysis shows that the social environment within NM organizations positively leads to the development of immigrantsâ self-efficacy in NM business, their desire for opportunities, social competence, and human capital. These factors have led to an increase in the activities undertaken by Chinese immigrants in conducting their network marketing business. Social environment also impacts positively on their motivation to participate in NM business. These factors have a positive impact on their financial performance outcome. Our findings contribute to the literatures on Social Cognitive Theory, Theory of Planned Behavior, entrepreneurial intention, and ethnic entrepreneurship.
Deng, J, Liu, X & Wang, KY 2010, 'The effect mechanism of subordinates' feeling trusted on loyalty to supervisor', 2010 International Conference on Management and Service Science, MASS 2010, International Conference on Management and Service Science, IEEE, Wuhan, China, pp. 1-3.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This study explores the effect of subordinates feeling trusted in the trust-loyalty interaction between Chinese supervisor and subordinates. We propose that subordinates' satisfaction with supervisor is the mediator in the effect process of subordinates
Deng, J, Su, Q & Wang, KY 2010, 'The influence of employee collaboration on organizational creativity', 2010 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Management Science, International Conference on Advanced Management Science, IEEE Computer Society, Chengdu, China, pp. 61-64.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The focus of this paper is the effect mechanism of employee callaberation on organizational creativity. Employee callaberation and trust are highlighted in promoting organizational creativity. The processes of knowledge creation are then identified, with the employee callaberation analyzed. It is also suggested that knowledge creation process have mediated the effects of employee callaberation on organizational creativity. Â© 2010 IEEE.
Deng, J, Su, Q & Wang, KY 2010, 'Trust mode structure and its evolutionary mechanism in entrepreneurial teams', The Ninth Wuhan International Conference on E-Business, Wuhan International Conference on E-Business, Alfred University Press, Wuhan, China, pp. 1318-1322.
This paper examines the structure of trust modes and its evolution in entrepreneurial team. Four types of trust modes are distinguished according to interaction behavior among team members. The structure of each trust modes are then identified, with the evolution of trust structures analyzed. It is argued that there are more motivation interaction in the first stage, more cognition interaction in the second stage, and more emotion interaction in the third stage. In order to know the reasons for trust structure evolution, this paper further discusses the contextual factors affecting the evolution of trust structure and their effect mechanism.
Jie, F, Parton, K & Wang, KY 2010, 'Supply chain analysis in the Australian lamb processing industry', 8th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium, ANZAM, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, pp. 1-19.
During the last decade, supply chain management has played an important role in enabling many agribusinesses to succeed in their business goals, gain competitive advantage, and improve their business performance. As the result, there has been extensive research into strategic supply chain management with the aim of improving agribusiness performance at each stage of the supply chain. This is because in the current agribusiness world, supply chain activities are crucial in influencing many companies to continuously adapt proper supply chain management practices. The objective of this research was to analyse supply chain performance indicators among Australian lamb processors by using survey data and empirical models. Based on the results of these analyses, alternative configurations for these supply chains were suggested to help enhance the performance of the businesses concerned. The results indicate that food quality and efficiency are significant indicators of competitive advantage for lamb processors.
Wang, KY, Huang, K & Deng, J 2010, 'The moderating effect of trustworthiness and commitment: Heterogeneous networks and resource acquisition of entrepreneurship in emerging economies', 2010 International Conference of Organisational Innovation, International Conference of Organizational Innovation, Thailand, pp. 55-80.
It is acknowledged that social capital plays an important role in the growth of entrepreneurial firms. However, few studies have examined the contribution and function of social capital networks that contain structural holes (heterogeneous networks) in emerging economies. It is not clear how trustworthiness and behavioural commitment impact on effectiveness of these networks in obtaining resources. This study explores how heterogeneous networks characterize successful entrepreneurship of small-medium enterprises in such setting. We find that behavioural commitment moderates the relationship between heterogeneous networks and resource acquisition, while trustworthiness does not significantly moderate this relationship. The impact of the findings on the literature and practice in emerging economies is discussed, as is the need for future research in this domain.
Dai, F, Teo, ST & Wang, KY 2009, 'Identifying and measuring motivational factors in conducting network marketing business by Chinese immigrants', 23rd ANZAM Conference 2009 'Sustainability Management and Marketing', Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, ANZAM, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-22.
Drawing upon symbolic self-completion theory and immigrant entrepreneurship literature, we develop a four factor scale to measure the motivations of Chinese network marketers in conducting network marketing business. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted to determine the underlying factorial structure of the scale to measure network marketersâ motivation of conducting network marketing business. The data were collected from 227 Chinese immigrant network marketers in Australia. The results suggest that the scale contains four factors: extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, the motivation of establishing oneâs own business with low cost (risk) and motivation of self-satisfaction. This finding suggests that successful network marketers are motivated intrinsically, which is contradictory to Kuntzeâs (2001) result which suggests that network marketers are motivated extrinsically
Huang, K, Chang, CY & Wang, KY 2009, 'Roles of social capital in tacit knowledge acquisition', Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Industrial Globalzation and Technology Innovation, International Conference on Industrial Globalization and Technology, International Association of Organization Innovation, Xian, Shaanxi Province, China, pp. 538-548.
Social capital has evolved from an interdisciplinary standpoint. Recently, interests over it have been instigated by entrepreneur literatures because of the arising need to understand its contribution to quality of resource-based management, specifically knowledge-based resources, which provides a great possibility for a successful firm performance. Nevertheless, knowledge and information, just like social capital, are multidimensional in sources and consequences. Scholars have differentiated between tacit and explicit knowledge to clearly present their argument that these two types of knowledge fit various networks of social relations for optimal performance. Therefore, an in-depth investigation of the correlation between social capital and tacit knowledge acquisition is essential to the establishment of a framework that would shed light on the implications of social relations in the corporate world.
Teo, ST, Morgan, A, Kandlbinder, PA, Wang, KY & Hingorani, A 2009, 'Predictors of the groupwork experience: generic skill development, peer appraisals, and country of residence', Proceedings of the ATN Assessment Conference 2009 - Assessment in Different Dimensions, Assessment in Different Dimensions, RMIT University, Melbourne, pp. 313-320.
Humphrey et al. (1997) argued that a range of generic skills are important in enhancing the experience of groupwork for students. These skills include problem solving skills, leadership skills, research skills, study skills, and communication skills. However, little is known about the extent to which the development of such skills impact on the students' experience of groupwork, Students are also rarely given opportunities to develop their performance management skills in group assignments, despite often being expected to evaluate the performance of their peers. Those doing the appraisal may not learn how to provide feedback and justify their evaluations. It also means that those being appraised do not receive feedback regarding their strengths and whereimprovements are needed. As a consequence, students tend to report negative experiences of groupwork when they have to assess and be assessed by their peers. The current study aims to examine the effects of generic skill development and peerevaluation on the students' evaluation of their group experience, following their participation on a group assignment.
Wang, KY & Fang, Y 2009, 'Face values on trust in loyalty and empowerment: A study of managers in China's public sector', 23rd ANZAM Conference 2009 'Sustainability Management and Marketing', Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-17.
The practice in relation to face values reflects the large power distance and collectivism prevalent in Chinese societies. Members of such societies emphasize saving and enhancing of face of individuals who occupy higher organizational hierarchy. Despite the large number of studies on face from diverse disciplines, there is limited empirical evidence on how face values influence managerial behavior in manager-subordinate relationships in Chinaâs civil services. The current study examines the extent to which face values of Chinese managers moderate the relationship between trust in subordinate and their willingness to share information with subordinates and encourage their initiatives in Chinaâs civil service. The findings indicate that managersâ values, which emphasize superior face-saving and face-enhancing, moderate the relationship between managersâ empowerment behaviors and their trust in subordinateâs loyalty.
Yao, Y, Wang, R & Wang, KY 2009, 'The influence of emotional intelligence on job performance: Moderating effects of leadership', 2009 International Conference on Management Science & Engineering, International Conference on Management Science & Engineering, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Moscow, pp. 1155-1160.
Theory suggests that individuals who are higher in emotional intelligence are likely to exhibit a higher level of performance. This paper studies the influence of emotional intelligence on job performance, task performance and contextual performance, and explores the moderating effects of leadership. The research results show that the emotional intelligence has a significant positive correlation with job performance, task performance and contextual performance respectively, and emotional intelligence has stronger effects on contextual performance than task performance. In addition, transactional leadership has no moderating effect on emotional intelligence-job performance relationship, and transformational leadership only moderates the relationship between emotional intelligence and contextual performance. Specifically, the relationship is stronger when the level of transformational leadership is low, which partly supports our hypothesis
Dai, F, Teo, ST & Wang, KY 2008, 'Performance of entrepreneurial Chinese immigrants in network marketing organisations', Proceedings of the 22nd ANZAM Conference, Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, ANZAM, Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 1-20.
Immigrant entrepreneurship has started attracting much empirical research in the literature. There is an increasing trend in Australia where a large number of Chinese immigrants have joined network marketing organisations (NMOs). However, only a small number of empirical studies on NMOs have been conducted and most of these do not examine the factors contributing to explaining the performance of Chinese immigrants in NMOs. The objective of this paper is to develop an integrative model to examine the factors contributing to the action of Chinese immigrants who engage in network marketing business.
Huang, K & Wang, KY 2008, 'The relationship between social capital and human capital', Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Innovation & Management, International Conference on Innovation & Management, Shih Chien University, Taipei, pp. 131-139.
The paper provides a framework for evaluating developments in perceptions about social capital over the previous years and for appraising future prospects. It argues for providing The paper provides a framework for evaluating developments in perceptions about social capital over the previous years and for appraising future prospects. It argues for providing The paper provides a framework for evaluating developments in perceptions about social capital over the previous years and for appraising future prospects. It argues for providing The paper provides a framework for evaluating developments in perceptions about social capital over theprevious years and for appraising future prospects. It argues for providingspecific importance to social capital as a theoretical and experimental occurrence which is most productive when scrutinized in correlation with other elements of investigation or strategy. One particular interaction is addressed here: the relationship between human and social capital.
Wang, KY & Kitvorametha, C 2008, 'Social Capital and Tacit Knowledge Acquisition of Immigrant Entrepreneurs', The New Faces of Asia Management, 6th Asia Academy of Management Conference, Asia Academy of Management, Taipei, pp. 1-12.
The significant contribution made by immigrant entrepreneurs to many aspects of host societies is increasingly recognized. However, the question of how immigrant entrepreneurs gain the knowledge-based resources they require for success in their businesses is under-explored. This study investigates the extent to which the social capital of immigrant entrepreneurs is associated with the acquisition of marketing and financial knowledge for their business growth. Based on a sample of Thai immigrant entrepreneurs in Australia, the findings of the study indicate that the social capital is related to the acquisition of financial knowledge.
Wang, KY, Li-Hua, R & Xu, E 2008, 'Deep smart of Chinese entrepreneurs: Tacit marketing knowledge, human capital and social capital', Proceedings of 2008 International Conference on Technology Management and Innovation in China, International Conference on Technology Management and Innovation in China, China Association for Management of Technology & University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, pp. 427-446.
The study proposes a framework that links tacit marketing knowledge and entrepreneursâ human and social capital. When accessibility of the general knowledge of expertise and professional business in a society is low, Chinese entrepreneurs find it hard and costly to acquire the necessary know-how knowledge for business operation. With a strong awareness of the low level of institutional trust in the current transition economy, Chinese entrepreneurs develop interpersonal trusting relationship to gain social support. Chinese entrepreneurs in SMEs thus depend on their own resources of human capital and abilities of social capital to acquire tacit knowledge. Both industry-specific experiences, industry-related training of specific human capital; and formal education of entrepreneursâ general human capital facilitate Chinese entrepreneursâ acquisition of tacit marketing knowledge. Through the trust and trustworthiness, the quality of relationships in business networks creates the personal relational resource for tacit knowledge reciprocity.
Wang, KY 2007, 'Resource Acquisition: Effect of Commitment and Social Capital in China', Proceedings of the ANZIBA Conference 2007, Australia and New Zealand Business Academy Conference, ANZIBA, Newcastle, Australia, pp. 1-14.
Social capital plays an important role in the growth of firms. However, limited research has been conducted on how the social capital of structural hole contributes to resource acquisition from the perspective of entrepreneurs and how behavioral commitment is related to the effectiveness of social capital. This study examines these issues based on a sample of Chinese firms. The findings indicate that behavioral commitment significantly mediates the relationship between social capital of structural hole and resource acquisition and that social capital of structural hole has positive direct effects on the firms resource acquisition in the context of China.
Wang, KY 2007, 'Trustworthiness on social capital of structural hole and firm resource acquisition', Proceedings of the 21st ANZAM 2007 Conference: Managing Our Intellectual and Social Capital, Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, ANZAM, Sydney, Australia, pp. 1-12.
Social capital plays an important role in the growth of small-medium enterprises (SMEs). However, limited research exists on how the social capital of structural hole contributes to resource acquisition from the perspective of entrepreneurs and how trustworthiness is related to the effectiveness of social capital. The study examines these issues based on a sample of Chinese firms. The findings indicate that social capital of structural hole has positive effects on the firms resource acquisition and trustworthiness does not significantly mediates the relationship between social capital of structural hole and resource acquisition in the context of China.
Wang, KY, Fang, Y & Teo, ST 2007, 'Face Values and Managerial Practice Preference in China', Proceedings of the ANZIBA Conference 2007, Australia and New Zealand Business Academy Conference, ANZIBA, Newcastle, Australia, pp. 1-16.
Social face values are found to have influence on the willingness of sharing information within cultural contexts. Face values profoundly penetrate the whole Chinese society, reflecting a high collectivist and large power distance culture. In such culture, members stress greater mutual-face and others face than member in individualistic cultures, which express more self-face maintenance. Previous studies address the face issues from diverse disciplines. However, there is limited research on how face issues influence on managerial behavior in manager-subordinate relationships through an empirical examination. We explore the extent to which a managers superior face saving is related to their sharing information with subordinates and inviting their initiatives. The findings of the study indicate that superior face-saving is negatively associated with sharing information with subordinates.
Dai, F, Teo, ST, Wang, KY, Kane, R & Crawford, JD 2004, 'Social and cultural factors in the voluntary behavior of workers in the People's Republic of China', The Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy conference, Victoria University of Willington, Willington.
Dai, F, Teo, ST, Wang, KY, Kane, R & Crawford, JD 2006, 'Social and cultural factors in the voluntary turnover behavior of workers in the People's Republic of China.', ANZIBA Conference 2006, Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy Conference 2006, ANZIBA, Wellington, New Zealand.
Wang, KY & Casimir, G 2006, 'Moderating effect of formalisation on relationship between trust and encouraging to be creative', Knowledge, Action and the Public Concern - 2006 Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, AoM, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Fang, Y & Wang, KY 2005, 'Teaching performance and turnover: a study of school teachers in Singapore', Conference Proceedings - The 2005 Australia and New Zealand Business Academy (ANZIBA) Conference, Australia and New Zealand Business Academy Conference, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-20.
Wang, KY 2005, 'Benefits and risks: social capital of hierarchical relations in China', Creating, Managing, Practising Knowledge - Irish Academy of Management 8th Annual Conference, Irish Academy of Management 8th Annual Conference, Irish Academy of Management, Galway, Ireland.
Wang, KY 2005, 'Risks in the development of social capital of hierarchical relations: a study of Chinese firms', Engaging the Multiple Contexts of Management: Convergence and Divergence of Management Theory and Practice - Proceedings of the 19th ANZAM Conference, Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, ANZAM, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1-13.
Wang, KY, Fulop, L & Yao, Y 2005, 'Work values and trust in subordinates in international joint ventures in China', Conference Proceedings - The 2005 Australia and New Zealand Business Academy (ANZIBA) Conference, Australia and New Zealand Business Academy Conference, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-20.
Yao, Y & Wang, KY 2005, 'The analysis of influential factors of the knowledge-workers' performance in construction design enterprises', Challenge of Innovation in Construction and Real Estate - Proceedings of 2005 International Conference on Constuction & Real Estate Management, International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management, China Architecture & Building Press, Penang, Malaysia, pp. 129-132.
Wang, KY 2004, 'Demography and The Development of Trust in Subordinates: An Empirical Study of Chinese Managers in Privately owned Enterprises', Academy of Management Conference, Academy of Management, New Orleans.
Wang, KY & Fulop, L 2004, 'Trust In subordinates and work values: A study of Chinese managers in international joint ventures in China', Academy of Management Conference, LA, USA., Academy of Management conference 2004, LA.
Wang, KY & Fulop, L 2004, 'Trust In subordinates: A comparative study of Chinese managers in international joint ventures and state-owned enterpreses', Australia-New Zealand Academy of Management 2004, School of Management, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Teo, ST & Wang, KY 2003, 'Human capital, social capital and firm performance in Chinese private enterprises', Conference Proceedings Democracy in a Knowledge Economy, Academy of Management, Seattle, USA.
Wang, KY & Fang, S 2003, 'Power distance, procedural justice and decision making', Decision Science Institute 7th International Conference, --, Shanghai, China.
Wang, KY, Barnwell, NS & Crawford, JD 2003, 'Procedural justice, trust an decision-making style: a study of collective enterprises in the context of China's reform', Conference Proceedings Surfing the Waves: Management Challenges, Management Solutions, Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, ANZAM, Fremantle, Australia, pp. 1-13.
Wang, KY 2002, 'How cultural values influence the development of trust in private enterprises in China', Innovating Asian Management in the 21st Century - The Third Asia Academy of Management Conference, Third Asia Academy of Management Conference, Asia Academy of Management, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 1-27.
Wang, KY 2002, 'The development of trust in employees: a comparative study of managers in collective enterprises, joint ventures and private enterprises in China', Assessing International Business Theory and Practice - Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Conference of the Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy, 2002 Annual Conference of ANZIBA, Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy, Brisbane, Australia, pp. 443-460.
Wang, KY 2001, 'Impression Management, Face Value and Decision-making: Chinese And Australian Managers', Proceedings of ANZAM 2001: Closing the Divide, Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, Massey University, Auckland, pp. 0-0.
Wang, KY 2005, 'Member, editorial board: "Journal of Technology Management in China"'.
This research on historical dynamic capability building is an extension of the Australian Management Practices (AMP) Research commissioned by Enterprise Connect, Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (DIISR) in 2009. The earlier AMP research was based on conversational interviews conducted with 439 medium and large-sized manufacturing firms in Australia which examined firm management practices across eighteen different dimensions, corresponding to three broad areas of management â operations, performance and people. The AMP research demonstrated that strong management practices lead to enhanced performance and productivity within manufacturing firms and identified skills and capability as key determinants of high management performance in firms. Enterprise Connect engaged the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS) to conduct case study based qualitative methods to gain deeper insights into the historical dynamic capability building within medium-sized manufacturing firms. The selection of firms for this study was based on the overall management score attained in the original AMP research of Australian medium-sized manufacturing firms. This research aspires to highlight the best practices adopted in fostering dynamic capabilities with the aim of addressing the following research question: âWhat are the key capabilities, patterns of capability-building processes, enablers/inhibitors of capability building and their linkages to success among medium-sized Australian manufacturing firms?â
This is the background report for the research on historical dynamic capability building is an extension of the Australian Management Practices (AMP) Research commissioned by Enterprise Connect, Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (DIISR) in 2009. The earlier AMP research was based on conversational interviews conducted with 439 medium and large-sized manufacturing firms in Australia which examined firm management practices across eighteen different dimensions, corresponding to three broad areas of management â operations, performance and people. The AMP research demonstrated that strong management practices lead to enhanced performance and productivity within manufacturing firms and identified skills and capability as key determinants of high management performance in firms. Enterprise Connect engaged the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS) to conduct case study based qualitative methods to gain deeper insights into the historical dynamic capability building within medium-sized manufacturing firms. The selection of firms for this study was based on the overall management score attained in the original AMP research of Australian medium-sized manufacturing firms. This research aspires to highlight the best practices adopted in fostering dynamic capabilities with the aim of addressing the following research question: âWhat are the key capabilities, patterns of capability-building processes, enablers/inhibitors of capability building and their linkages to success among medium-sized Australian manufacturing firms?â