Kane is a research candidate and early career researcher. His M.Res (Architecture) thesis project undertook a case study analysis of the impacts of megaprojects on the design and delivery of public space in Sydney. His current research interests involve the application of Assemblage Theory within the field of Urban Studies.
In conjunction with teaching and research, he has been involved in collaborations with the local government sector providing technical and design support that have contributed towards policy guidance.
Kane is the NSW Chair of the Australian Early Career Urban Research Network.
Kane is also a member of the Regional Studies Association and International Public Policy Association.
- Urban Theory
- Urban Design
- Urban Policy
- Urban Governance
- Global Cities
Architectural and Design History and Theory.
© 2020, © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Borders and boundaries are practical ways of organising spatial relations in metropolitan regions. They usefully define administrative divisions between local government areas, informing the constraints of land-use plans, and describe individual sites necessary for the transaction and development of property and land. However, functional divisions of space are not always clear cut. Contemporary challenges of urbanisation and globalisation often ignore administrative-political boundaries, thus statutory divisions of space are required to be woven into other functional spatial layers drawing attention to the strategic-statutory interface of planning systems and governance arrangements. Although not new, experiments with spatial imaginaries have accelerated, and have become central to metropolitan strategies. In Sydney, the Greater Parramatta and Olympic Peninsula functional economic corridor introduces both new mechanisms for implementation and statutory weight on top of strategic direction. We draw attention to the way this spatial imaginary utilises (or ignores) existing borders and boundaries in an attempt to rebalance the spatial structure of the metropolitan region. Through this case study, we highlight the challenges of rebalancing the Sydney metropolitan region, and the broader implications that emerge through the use of spatial imaginaries.
Crosby, A, Pham, K, Peterson, JF & Lee, T 2020, 'Digital Work Practices: Affordances in Design Education', International Journal of Art and Design Education, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 22-37.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Lee, T, Pham, K, Crosby, A & Peterson, JF 2020, 'Digital collaboration in design education: how online collaborative software changes the practices and places of learning', Pedagogy, Culture and Society.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2020, © 2020 Pedagogy, Culture & Society. This article provides a snapshot of the digital collaboration practices in a postgraduate master programme studio, focused on service and interaction design. It presents and discusses research from a student survey focused on evaluating the usefulness of the online collaborative software (OCS) 'Slack' and how it relates to a broader media ecology, which is comprised of contemporary and legacy computer digital technologies, including smartphone applications and email. Affordance theory and the concept of polymedia are combined to account both for the inherent capacities of new communication technologies used in the learning context, and their relational, contingent aspects, which are given shape as part of complex and context-specific communicative practices. In conclusion, it is suggested that there is much potential for further research into how the changing boundaries between everyday life and work–in part a consequence of OCS and mobile computing–are also changing the way students communicate with each other and educators.
Casinos have become an important yet controversial element of many contemporary metropoles, with cities on the Pacific Rim no exception. Twenty years after the opening of Sydney's first casino, construction of its second is currently underway on a contentious site, the Barangaroo precinct. This paper offers a historical analysis of the current casino project against the backdrop of casino development in Australia generally, comparing the current project to the development of Sydney's first casino, The Star (formerly Star City). We argue that both have been predicated on a cosmopolitan gaze contributing to the image of a 'global city' and the promise of increased tax revenues. As a result, planning processes have lacked legitimacy, particularly in the case of Crown, which involves the use of significant public assets. This paper critiques the spectacle of iconic developments of both The Star at Pyrmont and Crown Casino at Barangaroo when set against the morphology and urban form, suggesting that a more sincere engagement with the specificity of place on major developments would mitigate against the polarising effects of contested urban projects.
Pham, KC 2018, 'Bordering Practices in Global Sydney: Becoming a City-Region or a "Metropolis of Three Cities"?' in Grant, B, Yang Liu, C & Ye, L (eds), Metropolitan Governance in Asia and the Pacific RimBorders, Challenges, Futures, Springer, Singapore, pp. 57-72.View/Download from: Publisher's site
As cities grow they become city-regions. Recent strategies for the
construction of the Sydney Global City Region have suggested a westward geographical
shift of its center, with the current city becoming an eastern node in this
reconstruction of metropolitan Sydney. This chapter utilizes recent perspectives from
the field of Border Studies that scrutinize the liminal state of borders, offering alternative
approaches to understanding the formation of subregions, their relationships,
and implications for a greater "Sydney Global City Region." As the spatial boundary
of the city-region grows, its interior relations are repositioned as new borders are
formed. Sydney is facing restructuring to become a "metropolis of three cities." This
introduces both opportunities and complexities in the governing and strategy toward
the future shape and importance of the existing "Sydney Global City." Formation of
these city-regions also makes visible the latent interjurisdictional politics that frame
the planning and governance of these extended urban environments. Through an
analysis of successive strategic planning documents from 2005 to 2017, this chapter
first finds that the growth of cities requires new theoretical perspectives to "see"
the changing dynamics within the city-region. Second, the chapter examines the
bordering practices between subregions that guide the strategic shift to reimagine
greater Sydney as a metropolis of three cities. These growth strategies displace the
focus on community development at a local level, further prioritizing economically
driven developments that are manufactured through bordering practices redefining
Pham, KC 2017, 'Clearing stock of the invisible: effects of cosmopolitan power on the supply of affordable housing' in Cairns, G, Artopoulos, G & Day, K (eds), From Conflict to Inclusion in Housing: Interaction of Communities, Residents and Activists, UCL, London, pp. 117-132.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Spatio-temporal imbalances in the pace of globalized competition and development have resulted in a demanding requirement for social housing in Australia's undersupplied and entrenched communities further segregated from their more able neighbors. Neoliberal governance and planning policies exerts an even higher burden on non-governmental actors in remediating the discord in supply and demand with developers commanding a dominant position to negotiate more lucrative arrangements, reducing or negating their requirements in delivering target ratios of social housing in new developments. Through an examination of the spatial extents of the Barangaroo precinct development in its privileged position on the waterfront in Sydney and its submitted documentation, this paper finds an increasing chasm for the urban poor attempting to integrate into Sydney Global City, arguing for a re-evaluation of housing policy to shift the local condition from exclusive enclaves to cohesive social landscapes in an increasingly image-driven cosmopolitan machine.
Pham, KC 2017, 'Relational planning and performative sub-regional strategies: Analysing the construction of the Sydney Global City Region through an assemblage framework', State of Australian Cities, Adelaide.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The construction of 'Global Cities' have become contemporary grand projects with a shift from cities to agglomerations of city-regions increasingly prioritised in strategic plans. This has been necessitated by an increasing emphasis on mobilities through network structures of nodes and flows, and has been adopted by the inclusion of relational planning models in parallel with traditional blueprint plans. The complexity of these frameworks that seek to integrate the perspectives of public, private and community actors has been less uniform as constraints of time and resources often maintain overly deterministic strategies. New strategies are essentially refreshed plans without significant resolution of previous guidance nor innovation, instead introducing new sub-regional governing actors without the responsibility for, or accountability of its outcomes. Through analysis of recent metropolitan strategic plans, this paper finds a continued emphasis and placing greater visibility to supporting economic growth through global aspirations and comparisons in lieu of localised spatial conditions that continue to remain less visible in these strategic documents. The paper argues through an assemblage framework for the adoption of a flatter ontology into each scalar level of the strategic framework. This inductive mode of inquiry allows the emergence of innovative strategies to be found through, rather than by the localisation of context, making visible the often tacit or unseen sociospatial issues.
Pham, K 2016, 'Clearing Stock of The Invisible: Effects of Cosmopolitan Power on the Supply of Affordable Housing', AMPS Proceedings Series 7, Future Housing: Global Cities and Regional Problems, Architecture_MPS, Swinburne University, pp. 83-92.
Spatio-temporal imbalances in the pace of globalized competition and development have resulted in a demanding requirement for affordable housing in Australia's undersupplied and entrenched communities further segregated from their more able neighbors. Neoliberal governance and planning policies exerts an even higher burden on non-governmental actors in remediating the discord in supply and demand with developers commanding a dominant position to negotiate more lucrative arrangements, reducing or negating their requirements in delivering target ratios of affordable housing in new developments. Through an examination of the spatial extents of the Barangaroo precinct development in its privileged position on the waterfront in Sydney and its submitted documentation, this paper finds an increasing chasm for the urban poor attempting to integrate into Sydney Global City, arguing for a re-evaluation of housing policy to shift the local condition from exclusive enclaves to cohesive social landscapes in an increasingly image-driven cosmopolitan machine.
Pham, K 2015, 'Vanity Unfair-Examining the Impact of development authorities on the designation and development of public space: Barangaroo Case Study', Proceedings of the State of Australian Cities Conference, State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, Urban Research Program at Griffith University on behalf of the Australian Cities Research Network, Gold Coast, pp. 1-15.
Increasingly prominent on the site of a former shipping terminal and docklands, the $6 billion Barangaroo development on Sydney's foreshore is claiming the last piece of undeveloped land on the city coast. The contestation that is surrounding the development invokes imagery of Darling Harbour redux. Arguably, the development is typical of the dominant movement of neo- liberal cities in the Global North that have seen an increase in the influence and powers of private stakeholders in the public realm. An increasingly interconnected world has accelerated the rate of change however governance has adapted at a slower rate. This disconnection has exacerbated existing issues, one of which is the contestation of what is called public space. This case study of the Barangaroo project will be grounded in theories of globalization and public space, and an accompanying analysis of morphological differences and planning policy through successive changes in the development plan. Through this case study the paper will begin to construct an argument for a more inclusive, adaptive and interdisciplinary planning process that realigns contemporary planning theory with practice and makes clear definitions of what the is public might be. This includes a move towards transparency against what is increasingly becoming a trend towards veiled opaqueness of governance in all aspects of public life while an increasing level of surveillance is thrust upon us in what is a public policy reform agenda that is scarily becoming more bipartisan.
Toland, A, Pham, K & Kilbane, S Landscape Architecture Foundation 2018, Ballast Point Park: Landscape Architecture Foundation, Landscape Performace Series, Case Study Briefs, Washington, DC.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Toland, A, Pham, K & Kilbane, S Landscape Architecture Foundation 2018, Barangaroo Reserve: Landscape Architecture Foundation, Landscape Performace Series, Case Study Briefs, Washington, DC.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Toland, A, Pham, K & Kilbane, S Landscape Architecture Foundation 2018, The Goods Line (North): Landscape Architecture Foundation, Landscape Performace Series, Case Study Briefs, Washington, DC.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The University of Technology Sydney, Institute for Public Policy and Governance (UTS:IPPG) has undertaken research to investigate how public sector leaders are responding to digital transformation. This research has carried out on behalf of Civica, a leading provider of software and services to local government. The study builds on previous UTS:IPPG and Civica research, The Changing Landscape for Local Government: A vision for 2025
This report presents the headline findings from the latest research which seeks to understand:
• Driving forces for new ways of working in a digital society
• What (if anything) is holding back digital changes to public sector service delivery
• Views on the opportunities and future for 'digital first' organisations
• Leadership capacity and skills required to drive digital change
• Ideas for building a digital first organisational culture and mindset
Following initial desktop research, a survey of public sector professionals and 1:1 interviews with leaders from the local government sector, the research findings reveal a number of insights into the challenges, opportunities and changing landscape of digital cultures in the public sector. This report provides a scaffold to help public sector organisations better understand and prepare for a digital-first future.
Pham, K 2018, 'Examining the development of public space in foreshore Sydney : Barangaroo case study'.
Urban development in Sydney since the 1970s has attempted to satisfy the needs of both a global audience and local citizens. Urban development and planning strategies have formed distinct and opposite development directions that fortify the mandate of the NSW Government and federal government to attract global capital, while the nested hierarchy of government has reduced the strength of local government to deliver equitable commons that provide open public spaces for their citizens. The thesis conducts a case study analysis of the Barangaroo precinct development tracing changes in the provision of public space through a review of the design competition documents, concept plans, modifications and associated media, to uncover and understand the implication of the Barangaroo precinct development on the quantitative and qualitative public space outcomes. The development of Sydney, Australia's Global City, has favoured the imperative to provide an economic framework to enhance its position relative to other state capital cities and in a global context. This has stymied the development of public spaces where public space as an object of exchange and extraction is more highly valued than its social utility and outcomes are poor in the delivery of large urban developments. The thesis draws on a range of theoretical tools recognising cities as transdisciplinary spaces. An assemblage framework is applied to integrate more explicitly the often tacit sociospatial inputs within the economic discourse that dominates the urban entrepreneurial agenda. The methodology of conducting a parallel analysis of the quantitate and qualitative changes in the Barangaroo precinct development was used due to the complexity of the development and also due to the range of available data that was not easily comparable. The key findings from the thesis reveal an erosion of both the quality and quantity of public space in relation to the private gain from development. The Modifications made to th...