Wu, K, Ni, W, Su, T, Liu, RP & Guo, YJ 2019, 'Efficient angle-of-arrival estimation of lens antenna arrays for wireless information and power transfer', IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 116-130.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 1983-2012 IEEE. Antenna design and angle-of-arrival (AoA) estimation are critical to the efficiency of wireless information and power transfer. The AoA estimation is challenging for energy-efficient lens antenna arrays (LAAs), due to discrete sets of fixed discrete Fourier transform (DFT) beams. This paper presents a novel fast and accurate approach for the AoA estimation of LAAs. The key idea is that we prove the two differential outputs of three adjacent lens beams, referred to as 'DFT beam differences (DBDs),' that are the strongest at the two sides of an AoA. They are easy to identify and robust to noises, and their powers are proved to provide an accurate estimate of the AoA. Another important aspect is a new beam synthesis technique which produces different beam widths based on DFT beams and practical 1-bit phase shifts in real time. As a result, the angular region containing the AoA can exponentially narrow down, and the two strongest DBDs can be quickly identified. The proposed approach can operate in coupling with successive interference cancellation to estimate the AoAs of multiple paths. Simulations show that the proposed approach is able to outperform the state of the art by orders of magnitude in terms of accuracy. The power transfer efficiency can be dramatically improved.
Wu, K, Ni, W, Su, T, Liu, RP & Guo, YJ 2019, 'Expeditious estimation of angle-of-arrival for hybrid butler matrix arrays', IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 2170-2185.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2002-2012 IEEE. Arrays of Butler matrices provide a promising front-end design for massive MIMO transceivers with low cost and low complexity. However, this advanced design does not necessarily translate to effective applications, unless the angle-of-arrival (AoA) of signals avails to the Butler matrices. This paper presents an efficient approach to the unprecedented AoA estimation for the arrays of Butler matrices. Specifically, we design a new beam synthesis method to recursively narrow down and increasingly focus on the angular region of interest, and hence achieving robust estimation of the phase offset between Butler matrices. With the phase offset canceled in the received signals, we are able to identify the set of critical Butler beams with the dominating effect on the AoA estimation, and estimate the AoA accordingly with minimum signaling. The mean squared error of the proposed estimation is analyzed in the presence of non-negligible noises, with closed-form lower bounds derived. Validated by simulations, the proposed algorithm is able to indistinguishably approach the lower bounds, and significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art developed for discrete antenna arrays by orders of magnitude in terms of accuracy, especially in low signal-to-noise regimes.
Wu, K, Ni, W, Su, T, Liu, RP & Guo, YJ 2018, 'Fast and Accurate Estimation of Angle-of-Arrival for Satellite-Borne Wideband Communication System', IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 314-326.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 1983-2012 IEEE. Accurate estimation of angle-of-arrival (AoA) is critical to wideband satellite communications, but is susceptible to receive noises and can be ambiguous due to space/cost-effective hybrid antenna array designs with localized analog phased subarrays. As a matter of fact, there has yet to be an unambiguous estimator even for narrow-band systems. This paper proposes a new design of subarray-specific time-varying phase shifts, which enables unambiguous and noise-tolerant estimation of AoA in localized hybrid arrays. Particularly, the new phase shifts deliver deterministic phase changes in the cross-correlations of receive signals between subarrays, and enable the cross-correlations to be coherently accumulated across subarrays and sub-carriers to eliminate ambiguities and tolerate noises. Another important contribution of the paper is that we optimize the frequency interval for coherent accumulation across sub-carriers, leveraging between estimation errors, and accumulation gains. Evident from simulations, our approach is able to dramatically improve the estimation accuracy by orders of magnitudes with significantly reduced requirements of complexities and training symbols, as compared with the state of the art. The approach is robust against noises, with estimation errors asymptotically achieving a rigorously developed lower bound.