Jonathan Paul Marshall is currently a Future Fellow at UTS, working on a project entitled "Society and Climate Change: Social analysis of a disruptive technology".
This project explores problems with the use of climate technologies, in the transiton to a sustainable future. Climate technologies includes: renewable energies; biofuels; carbon trading, geoengineering, enery efficiency, transport reforms and so on. It investigates the likely unintended social consequences of these technological responses to climate change and ecological destruction, and the likely social disruption of those technologies.
The invesigation aims to increase the possibility of informed acceptable an possible technological adaptation.
Jonathan Marshall is part of the UTS Climate Justice Research Centre.
He was previously a QE II Research Fellow investigating the ways that software can produce disorder and disruption, with an aim to finding solutions for these ongoing problems. He was working on that project with James Goodman of the Social and Political Change Group and Didar Zowghi, a professor of IT at this University.
He has previously conducted research in several major areas:
- The use, and affects, of gender online.
- The construction and maintenance of online communities
- The paradoxes and inconsistencies in so called 'information societies'.
- The psycho-social history of Western science and the occult.
His ethnographic thesis was published as Living on Cybermind: Categories, Communication and Control (Peter Lang). He was awarded a post-doctoral fellowship to do the work on online gender, and edited Depth Psychology, Disorder and Climate Change.
The IT project resulted in Disorder and the Disinformation Society: The Social Dynamics of Information, Networks and Software (Routledge),
Member of the Australian Anthropological Association
Member of the Association of Inernet Researchers
Can supervise: YES
Anthropology and History of the Western Occult, Science and Technology
Ethnographic Studies of computer and internet use
Gender and technology (especially computers)
Social theories of the imagination
Sociology of Technology and transition
Sociology of disorder, complexity and disruption.
The futures discussed in this book primarily arise from awareness of the potentially disruptive impact of climate change and ecological instability on human societies.
Marshall, J, Goodman, J, Zowghi, D & da Rimini, F 2015, Disorder and the Disinformation Society: The Social Dynamics of Information, Networks and Software, Routledge, New York, USA.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This book is the first general social analysis that seriously considers the daily experience of information disruption and software failure within contemporary Western society. Through an investigation of informationalism, defined as a contemporary form of capitalism, it describes the social processes producing informational disorder. While most social theory sees disorder as secondary, pathological or uninteresting, this book takes disordering processes as central to social life. The book engages with theories of information society which privilege information order, offering a strong counterpoint centred on "disinformation." Disorder and the Disinformation Society offers a practical agenda, arguing that difficulties in producing software are both inherent to the process of developing software and in the social dynamics of informationalism. It outlines the dynamics of software failure as they impinge on of information workers and on daily life, explores why computerized finance has become inherently self-disruptive, asks how digital enclosure and intellectual property create conflicts over cultural creativity and disrupt informational accuracy and scholarship, and reveals how social media can extend, but also distort, the development of social movements.
This book was published as a special issue of Globalizations.
In this book, nineteen writers explore our reactions largely, but not only, from the perspectives of Jungian Depth Psychology.
Cybermind is an Internet mailing list, originally founded in 1994 to discuss the issues and problems of living online. It proved exceptionally fertile and is still going strong thirteen years later. This book is an ethnographic investigation which follows Cybermind members in their daily lives on the List, and explores the ways they look at the world, argue, relate online life to offline life, use gender, and build community. Perhaps the most comprehensive history of an Internet group ever published, it includes detailed analyses using List members own words and commentary, and develops a unique theory of the relationship between culture, the problems of communication, and the ongoing processes of categorisation. Living on Cybermind illustrates how behaviour is affected by the organisation of communication, and how people deal with the paradoxes involved in resolving ambiguity and truth in a situation in which presence is always on the verge of slipping away.
Goodman, J & Marshall, JP 2018, 'Problems of methodology and method in climate and energy research: Socialising climate change?', Energy Research and Social Science, vol. 45, pp. 1-11.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2018 The article introduces a Special Issue on problems of methodology and method in climate and energy research. It charts the urgent and growing focus on ‘socialising’ emission reduction and climate stability into energy policy. This decarbonisation agenda is read as an exercise of ‘purposive’ climate agency, designed to achieve climate stability. Contributors to the Special Issue focus on the challenges this poses for energy research, in terms of methodology and method. The articles are grouped across seven key themes: 1) problems of knowledge production; 2) researching norms and ideologies; 3) grappling with inter-disciplinarity and multiple methods; 4) exploring energy culture and behaviour; 5) comparative and multilevel studies; 6) temporal and longitudinal studies; and 7) participatory and action research. The themes and results are debated in terms of cross-cuttingproblems and possibilities for future investigation into how to socialise climate into energy (and vice versa).
Marshall, JP 2018, 'Psycho-social disruption, information disorder, and the politics of wind farming', Energy Research and Social Science, vol. 45, pp. 120-133.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2018 Problems of methodology often involve informational and interpretative problems that also affect the social lives of the people being studied and analysed. As such, these problems are inherently important in analysis of those social lives. This paper explores how recognising the problems of informational disorder, or ‘(dis)information’ allow us to elucidate the informational dynamics of the Australian Senate Committee Inquiry into Wind Turbines and the contested ways it attributes causality and distributes responsibility about possible illness. The Committee's reports and testimonies offer an almost overwhelming source of information about struggles over new forms of energy technology and the ways they become enmeshed in disorders of information, interpretation, politics and the relations of psycho-social disruption produced by climate change. The Committee members appear to be relatively active players in the process, aiming at particular outcomes, and ordering and disordering the information under review. Here we have a series of social events that are already politicised, disruptive, unintended and uncertain, yet treated, by actors, as clear and pre-determined certainties.
Marshall, JP 2017, 'Disinformation Society, communication and cosmopolitan democracy', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-24.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 Jonathan Marshall. This paper argues that ‘fake news’ is endemic to ‘information society’ as a whole, not just the internet or news media. It is part of daily experience, generated by established patterns of communication, social group categorisation, framing, and patterns of power. These disruptions are intensified through interacting with the dynamics of information capitalism, which values strategic effectiveness more than accuracy. Assuming democratic cosmopolitan society must have good communication, this paper explores the factors which produce obstacles to such communicative processes, as the patterns which support bad communication and disinformation must be understood before they can be dealt with.
© 2016.One of the main ways that continued use of coal is justified, and compensated for, is through fantasies of technology. This paper explores the politics of 'Carbon Capture and Storage' (CCS) technologies in Australia. These technologies involve capturing CO2 emissions, usually to store them 'safely' underground in a process called 'geo-sequestration'. In Australia the idea of 'clean coal' has been heavily promoted, and is a major part of CO2 emissions reduction plans, despite the technological difficulties, the lack of large scale working prototypes, the lack of coal company investment in such research, and the current difficulties in detecting leaks. This paper investigates the ways that the politics of 'clean coal' have functioned as psycho-social defence mechanisms, to prolong coal usage, assuage political discomfort and anxiety, and increase the systemic disturbance produced by coal power.
Renn, O & Marshall, JP 2016, 'Coal, nuclear and renewable energy policies in Germany: From the 1950s to the "Energiewende"', Energy Policy, vol. 99, pp. 224-232.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2016.Over the last 50 years, German energy policy has ranged from strong enthusiasm for both coal and nuclear energy to deep skepticism. The most dramatic changes with respect to energy policies have occurred as a response to nuclear accidents, yet the accidental and unintended effects of coal policies are also important in influencing the trajectory. The newly emerging climate debate prevented the coal industry from acting as a substitute for the diminishing share of nuclear power. In 2011 the conservative government announced the Energiewende ('energy transformation') and decided to reduce the amount of fossil fuels from 80% of the energy supply to 20% by 2050. However, while the verdict on nuclear was unequivocal with a final phase-out date of 2022, the share of coal in the electricity market did not decrease and the amount of carbon dioxide released into the air slightly increased from 2011 to 2013. There are growing conflicts over the immediate costs and practicalities of coal replacement. Consequently, the future of coal in Germany is still relatively open and contested.
Marshall, JP & da Rimini, F 2015, 'Playstation, Demonoid and the orders and disorders of Pirarchy', Krisis: Journal for contemporary philosophy, vol. 2015, no. 1, pp. 8-21.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This paper explores the disorganised political order (‘pirarchy') generated by so-called digital pirates, arguing that pirarchy appears in swarms. Swarms are not necessarily revolutionary, but they can be disruptive. They are a social formation, growing out of reaction to, and enabled within, the systems of information capitalism, which do not form a harmonious, self-reinforcing whole.
Marshall, JP 2014, 'The social (dis)organisation of software: Failure and disorder in information society', The Australian Journal of Anthropology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 190-206.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Software is a mode of ordering social, workplace, and individual activity. However, despite years of research by software engineers into requirements engineering (that is the gathering and evaluation of what is required from software by users) new software is renowned both for its failure rates and for the disruptions it causes. This article explores the interaction of new software, or new implementations of software, with the ongoing politics and dynamics of the 'workspace'. In so doing it criticises common ideas that in information or network societies the technological infrastructure is robust and stable, that knowledge flow is positive and beneficial and that networks strengthen social resilience and rationality. The article is illustrated with observations of a software installation, together with interviews with those affected at various levels of different organisations in Australia and demonstrates that instability and disorder is inherently tied to processes of ordering by computers.
Marshall, JP & Notley, T 2014, 'Communication technology and social life: Transformation and continuity, order and disorder', The Australian Journal of Anthropology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 127-137.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Anthropology is now developing and using ethnography to research uses and experiences of digital communication technology (including mobile phones, the internet and software), in and across many different cultures and societies. Ethnography enables a focus on the complex intertwining of society, culture and technology allowing us to see how technologies are being transformed by existing modes of life, while simultaneously having a 'messy' influence over those lives, resulting in what are often unexpected consequences. This special issue discusses the use of mobile phones in Papua New Guinea and along the borders of Haiti and the Dominican Republic; the mixture of phone and internet usage in Central Australia and among the Tongan diaspora in Melbourne; the use of internet based video translation practices focused on West Papuan politics; and the disorder produced by software in work environments in Australia. Collectively, these papers help us to reimagine ethnography and challenge conventional theorising of technology by allowing us to discuss the relationships between communication and power in diverse contexts, opening up opportunities for us to engage with and explore the significance of both order and disorder in technologically mediated social processes.
Globalised neoliberalism has produced multiple crises, social, ecological, political. In the past, crises of global order have generated large-scale social transformations, and the current crises likewise hold a transformative promise. Elite strategies,
The financial crisis is, amongst other things, a crisis in information. Bad information and bad models became the basis for toxic financial products, bought on faith. This paper argues that the crisis in information begins in the networked corporate workplace, in the structures and drivers of management, and the building of workplace conformity through worker insecurity. This guarantees an environment in which information inaccuracy is normalised. The paper primarily looks at a series of blog posts about peoples experiences in work setting and the world of financial capital, during the financial crisis which began in 2008. The supposed rationality of capitalism and capitalists desire for control over markets, is undermined by its own uncontrolled and computerised extension. Disorder in information is shown to be a normal part of managerial dynamics. People can realise and be affected by these problems without necessarily seeming to be motivated to act against them.
Marshall, J 2013, 'The information society: permanent crisis through the (dis)ordering of networks', GLOBAL NETWORKS A JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL AFFAIRS, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 290-309.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
People often assume that computerized networks are relatively stable and well connected. This implies that the network society, or information society, is also relatively stable, well ordered and adaptive. However, computer software and networks repeatedly fail or prove inadequate, so we cannot assume that network society is stable. Similarly, misinformation is as expected and socially important as information. By taking this disorder seriously, it becomes possible to observe data that paradigms that primarily seek order exclude and to reveal some of the fundamental paradoxes of the information society that simultaneously both undermine and establish that society. By means of these informational paradoxes, I consider and elucidate some network and software failures from January 2011
The failure of news media to adequately report `accurate' information is frequently noted. However, information seems widely distorted in other situations as well, and it may not be possible to explain this distortion fully by factors such as inevitable reinterpretation, or political and pro-corporate propaganda. This paper argues that magnified distortion and inaccuracy can be traced to fundamental factors within the `information society itself, such as `information overload and `information-grouping. In this society, doubt becomes a political tool with which our sense of status quo, meaning, group membership and personal identity is defended when under threat. Doubt is an ongoing part of informations reception in the `information society and helps filter what I call `information mess. The paper elaborates some `information mess principles (IMPs), to explain these features.
Marshall, J & Goodman, J 2013, 'Disordering Network Theory: An Introduction', Global Networks a Journal of Transnational Affairs, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 279-289.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Whereas theories of the information society/network society tend to regard networks as generally resilient and adaptable, the articles in this special issue treat disorder as inherently important in social theory and in the analysis of networks. By takin
Information and communication technology (ICT) is a prime modality of ordering in the contemporary world. However, order creates and needs its own disorder, and ICT has a long record of failing to deliver on its promises and creating the experience of disorder. This paper looks at the myths of ordering around ICT and then looks at people's experiences of ICT disorder. In particular it looks at three factors: the informal networks that develop because of problems with ICT and with ICT help; the failure of management and communication in hierarchy and finally the failure of requirements engineering to live up to its promise. This focus on disorder may suggest a new way of approaching the so-called `Information Society.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/taja.2011.22.issue-2/issuetoc part of a 'soapbox forum' This paper presents a sketch of the problems involved in social movements responding to climate change, coming to produce new modes of action and representation. Understanding the richness and confusion of these responses, and the ways movements can arise from disorder while producing self-undermining disorder, requires the following: (i) anthropology; (ii) a relatively explicit psychology; and (iii) an awareness that âdisorderâ is not a residue or pathology, but both a driver and potentially creative factor in events.
After the failure of the 2009 Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change we need to approach analysis of the processes of negotiations and social action in a different way. In particular ideas of justice do not provide an adequate framework for dealing with the problem. This paper explores climate change and the sense of disorder it encapsulates, particularly focusing on the Copenhagen Conference but, at the daily life level, also looking at the disorder present in attempts to edit a book on climate change. Contemporary life is driven by, and conducted within, fragile and messy networks. In terms of politics it may be useful to listen to this disorder with care, rather than prematurely rush to a preconceived mode of ordering. After the failure of the 2009 Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change we need to approach analysis of the processes of negotiations and social action in a different way. In particular ideas of justice do not provide an adequate framework for dealing with the problem. This paper explores climate change and the sense of disorder it encapsulates, particularly focusing on the Copenhagen Conference but, at the daily life level, also looking at the disorder present in attempts to edit a book on climate change. Contemporary life is driven by, and conducted within, fragile and messy networks. In terms of politics it may be useful to listen to this disorder with care, rather than prematurely rush to a preconceived mode of ordering.
Marshall, J 2011, 'Cosmopolitan Sophistry: Grounding Politics in Disorder and Uncertainty', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 197-223.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Conceptions of the State, Nation and politics, which are actually in play in `the West, usually descend from totalitarian models which are primarily Platonic and monotheistic in origin. They aim for unity, harmony, wholeness, legitimate authority and the rejection of conflict, however much they claim to represent multiplicity. By expressing a vision of order, such models drive an idea of planning by prophecy as opposed to divination, as if the future was certain within limits and the trajectory was smooth. Chaos theory and evolutionary ecology shows us that this conception of both society and the future is inaccurate. I will argue that it is useful to look at the pre-socratic philosophers, in particular the so-called sophists Gorgias and Protagoras and Heraclitus with their sense of ongoing flux, the truth of the moment, and the necessary power of rhetoric in the leading forth of temporary functional consensus within the flux. This ongoing oscillation of conflict provides social movement and life rather than social death.
Marshall, J 2011, 'The New World System and Worldview: Review of Richard E. Lee Knowledge Matters: The Structures of Knowledge and the Crisis of the Modern World System', Cultural Studies Review, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 406-410.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/index.php/csrj/article/viewFile/2… Compares World Systems Theory with Disorder theory
Marshall, J 2010, 'Ambiguity, Oscillation and Disorder: Online Ethnography and the Making of Culture', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Jo..., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 1-22.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
In complex systems, disorder and order are interrelated, so that disorder can be an inevitable consequence of ordering. Often this disorder can be disruptive, but sometimes it can be beneficial. Different social groups will argue over what they consider to be disordered, so that naming of something as `disorder is often a political action. However, although people may not agree on what disorder is, almost everyone agrees that it is bad. This primarily theoretical sketch explores the inevitability of disorder arising from ordering systems and argues that a representative democracy has to tolerate disorder so as to function.
The web of post-modern power appears nomadic, elusive and always elsewhere. Like our online presences, it has no obvious boundaries and appears as spirit-like, a magic life haunting the net and the world. Government becomes liminal: 'Liminal identities are neither here nor there, they are betwixt and between the positions assigned by law, custom and ceremonial' to quote Victor Turner. This liminality has changed the balance of power between the corporate and non-corporate sectors, however this does not mean that power is straightforward. When everything is interlinked through information technology then exercises of power may even increase confusion and undermine the bases or legitimacy of that power. Modes of ordering can produce perceived disorder. Knowledge of the system becomes divination and trapped in magic. It is suggested that an awareness of this, and focusing on contradiction, or oscillation is more useful than focusing on simplicity.
This paper explores an incident in which race and gender categories were mobilised on the Internet Mailing List Cybermind during an incident of conflict
Marshall, J 2006, 'Apparitions, Ghosts, Fairies, Demons and Wild Events: Virtuality in Early Modern Britain', Journal for the Academic Study of Magic, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 141-171.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This article explores issues of authenticity, identity, privacy, power, community, and gender as they occur in online spaces. Using the Cybermind mailing list as a case study, Marchall highlights how gender is used as a category in online spaces, and what effect this has had on the community, including in offline, 'in the flesh' meetings. He also demonstrates that offline markers of identity cannot help but be significant in the online world.
Marshall, J 2006, 'Review of Margaret Smith: Stelarc the Monograph', Media International Australia, vol. 121, pp. 219-221.
Marshall, J 2005, 'Review of Roy Willis and Patrick Curry. Astrology, Science and Culture: Pulling Down the Moon', The Australian Journal of Anthropology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 277-279.
Representations of the online body seem constantly involved with issues of imprecise, crossed or broken boundaries. Online boundaries, both personal and group, appear especially fluid when contrasted with moves towards establishing impermeable boundaries offline. This contributes to perceptions of disembodiment or potential unity with machines. Online bodies are thus described in terms reminiscent of other constructs such as ghosts partly because experiences of materiality can be described in terms of boundary issues, and partly because it is difficult to bring offline bodies to bear. From another angle, gender, when constructed as a polarity, also serves to ghost experience. However, online bodies are also connected to constructions and feelings of offline bodies to reduce ambiguities and to establish authenticity online. For example, mood, as sustained by the offline body, acts as a framing for communication in netsex, mourning and flame. Another popular body metaphor in this context involves the description of people as cyborgs. It is sometimes claimed that cyborgs form radical hybrid entities. Yet cyborgs also get caught in boundary issues. The cyborg is, for example, caught in narratives that further capitalist technopower, whatever our intentions. The situation becomes even more complex when we consider that both the ghostly body and the cyborg body are often contrasted with a virile and active offline body. This provides a further set of paradoxes if we consider the possibility of online action affecting the offline world. There are no easy answers.
Marshall, J 2003, ''Review of Alice Beck Kehoe: Shamans and Religion'', The Australian Journal of Anthropology (TAJA), vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 425-426.
Marshall, J 2003, 'Review of Daniel Miller and Don Slater: The Internet an Ethnographic approach', The Australian Journal of Anthropology, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 432-434.
Netsex, or cybersex as it is sometimes known, is shown to be both a way of manifesting and dealing with some of the problems facing people in some online groups. The ethnographic data comes from the mailing list Cybermind, where netsex seems to have been an important, but relatively hidden, part of list activity. Some effects of the structure of mailing lists and communication programs are described. A description of netsex is given and analysed, various list-based discussions about the subject are described, and it is shown how netsex operated amongst some group members. It is argued that netsex is one of a number of ways which are used to frame and explore the occurrence of diverging meanings and vague boundaries, the paradoxical conventions of authenticity (depending on such things as strong emotion, body feelings, typing errors and gender), and the oscillating and uncertain relationship between online and offline life
Marshall, J 2002, 'Reading Paul McHugh: Politics, Psychiatry and the Response to Terror', Perspectives on Evil and Human Wickedness, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 92-98.
Paul McHugh, a leading figure in American Psychiatry, was Henry Phipps Professor of Psychiatry and director of the Department of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. He has been given extremely enthusiastic eulogies from admiring former students. He was able to found an endowed chair named after himself, with "contributions from admiring colleagues, friends and former patients" (Duffy). The author of The Perspectives of Psychiatry, a standard text book in Psychiatry, he has been appointed to President Bushs Bioethics committee. This is a man whose commitment to psychiatry and its public place at the turn of the current century is assured and significant. Therefore when he writes on terrorism and the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center in a piece which is widely syndicated, his thoughts cannot be ignored. We can expect that these arguments might well carry significant weight in Washington, especially as they appear to be so in favour of the Governments stance.
Marshall, J 2001, 'Cyberspace or Cybertopos: The creation of online space', Social Analysis, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 81-102.
Marshall, J 2019, 'Foreward: Depth Psychology and Climate Change' in Bright, B & Marshall, JP (eds), Earth, Climate, Dreams Discussions with Depth Psychologists in the Age of the Anthropocene, Depth Insights, United States, pp. 11-38.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Discussions with Depth Psychologists in the Age of the Anthropocene:
This book contains dynamic perspectives on global challenges such as ecological destruction, climate issues, failed leadership, and limiting beliefs, while turning to imagination, dreams, symbol, metaphor, and mythology to help us gain a broader understanding of how we each fit into the fabric of the whole.If you care about the planet and your part in it, don't miss this important series of interviews with leading scholars, educators, depth psychologists, and scientists who each bring critical information on how to respond to the growing crisis through connection with soul.Contributors include Jungian analyst Jerome Bernstein; climate scientist and Jungian, Jeffrey Kiehl; Jungian scholar, Susan Rowland; Depth educator/author Robert Romanyshyn; Depth educator Veronica Goodchild; plus other scholars, educators, or Jungian analysts including Steve Aizenstat, Sally Gillespie, Susannah Benson, Nancy Furlotti, Michael Conforti -co-edited by Bonnie Bright and Jonathan Paul Marshall
Marshall, J & Bright, B 2019, 'Complexity, Depth Ecology and Climate Change' in Bright, B & Marshall, JP (eds), Earth, Climate, Dreams Discussions with Depth Psychologists in the Age of the Anthropocene, Depth Insights, United States, pp. 267-300.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Discussions with Depth Psychologists in the Age of the Anthropocene:
This book contains dynamic perspectives on global challenges such as ecological destruction, climate issues, failed leadership, and limiting beliefs, while turning to imagination, dreams, symbol, metaphor, and mythology to help us gain a broader understanding of how we each fit into the fabric of the whole.If you care about the planet and your part in it, don't miss this important series of interviews with leading scholars, educators, depth psychologists, and scientists who each bring critical information on how to respond to the growing crisis through connection with soul.Contributors include Jungian analyst Jerome Bernstein; climate scientist and Jungian, Jeffrey Kiehl; Jungian scholar, Susan Rowland; Depth educator/author Robert Romanyshyn; Depth educator Veronica Goodchild; plus other scholars, educators, or Jungian analysts including Steve Aizenstat, Sally Gillespie, Susannah Benson, Nancy Furlotti, Michael Conforti -co-edited by Bonnie Bright and Jonathan Paul Marshall.
Marshall, J & da Rimini, F 2018, 'Unreal Property: Anarchism, Anthropology and Alchemy' in Fredikson, M & Arvanitakis, J (eds), Property, Place and Piracy, Routledge, Oxford, pp. 50-64.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
‘Property’ is complicated. We shall argue that property is constituted within a paradoxical field of vague boundaries, personal relations, poetry and violence. It is not constituted by a set of universal rules (although rules may grow around it), but by ongoing culturally negotiated, psychologically based and enforced categorisations, disorders and persuasions. Consequently, there are many different types of ‘property’ and relations we can define as ‘ownership’ across different cultures. We use anarchism because it notices the violence of property, anthropology because it notices the strangeness and variety of property, and alchemy as a way of thinking about transformations, that make or undermine property
Marshall, JP 2016, 'Ecological complexity and the ethics of disorder' in Marshall, JP & Connor, LH (eds), Environmental Change and the World's Futures: Ecologies, ontologies and mythologies, Routledge, Oxford, pp. 48-62.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Decisions about the future, always involve ethics. Ethical decisions express our imagining of the way the world works and should work. The ideas of 'systemic complexity', unpredictability, flux and conflict which are found in ecological views of the world, undermine some traditional conceptions of Western ethics, which depend on ideas of ontological harmony, order, predictability and the ability to easily define situations as similar. The chapter argues that the ethical attitude of Albert Schweitzer ('reverence for life'), allows the recognition of these fundamental ecological factors of being, and recognises that ethical conflict, disagreement and risk of inadequacy is at the heart of ethics. This recognition stops ethics from becoming a set of actions directed at an ideal non-existent world, and is therefore more realistic and less harmful to human relations in, and with, the world and other life forms. It recognises difficulty, and what humans define as ‘disorder’, as inherent to ethics.
Marshall, JP 2016, 'Geo-engineering, imagining and the problem cycle: a cultural complex in action' in Marshall, JP & Connor, LH (eds), Environmental Change and the World's Futures: Ecologies, ontologies and mythologies, Routledge, Oxford, pp. 247-263.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
One imagining for solving the problems of climate change, which is of growing importance, is geoengineering, or the technological regulation of Earth's climate to avoid the consequences of climate change. The dynamics of this new ‘solution’ is analysed in terms of a general pattern of problem/solution and breakdown at both the psychological and social level. The psychological theory of Carl Jung, shows how paying attention to neglected symbols and imaginative formations can help solve or mitigate existential problems. However, access to these solutions can be channelled by what have been called "cultural complexes". These cultural complexes reinforce current patterns of power and social existence, and can lead to repressions of solutions and upsurges from the social and natural 'unconscious', which are usually dealt with by shadow projection. A characteristic of geoengineering is that it proposes that society is more natural and unalterable than nature itself, despite common awareness of the likely unforseen and disastrous consequences of geoengineering. The chapter argues that geoengineering is embedded in a free market cultural complex, which drives its perception and politics.
Connor, LH & Marshall, JP 2015, 'Ecologies, ontologies and mythologies of possible futures' in Environmental Change and the World's Futures: Ecologies, Ontologies and Mythologies, pp. 1-14.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Marshall, J & da Rimini, F 2015, 'Paradoxes of Property: Piracy and Sharing in Information Capitalism' in Baumgärtel, T (ed), A Reader on International Media Piracy: Pirate Essays, Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam, pp. 145-166.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
All societies both suffer and benefit from levels of what is perceived as disorder, and the guiding principles of the society may be contradictory, or paradoxical, in that their ordering systems create disorder. Our aim in this text is explore the disorders and vagaries of property that seem essential to its continuance, construction and destruction, and then demonstrate how these paradoxes play out in the information economy in particular within the domain of peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing. We do not wish to reduce these paradoxes and contradictions to a temporary error or to a future ordered synthesis, but to take them as they are in all their splintered fury. Much contemporary social action stems from these incoherencies, and the disputes, displays of power, and innovations which circle around them. In the P2P field the disorder generated by the order of property provides opportunities for new productive and adaptive social and technical forms of life to emerge.
By contrasting order and disorder we are not implying the necessary existence of a binary distinction between the two, or that those definitions of order and disorder will not change depending on the social position of the definers. Disorder is not always and everywhere the same. It resists definition, which adds to its effects
Aid, and celebrity philanthropy in particular, is often criticized as if such help was always a simple matter of it defending, or governing, those structures of power and order which produce the need for philanthropy in the first place. This argument should not be downplayed; however it might not be the only line to the story. Criticism of celebrity philanthropy might equally stem from a desire for tidiness and order in the world that does not acknowledge the complexities of the situation, of human motivation, of the difficulties of virtue, or of unintended effects, and itself does little to fix the situation. Indeed demands for order and for divisions into good and evil may also lead to significant problems in dealing with the difficulty, magnitude and ‘horror’ of the troubles facing the world. This chapter explores ‘incoherence’ as a response which, if stayed with, has the potential to produce an opening which may allow us to deal with overwhelming mess, chaos, divergence and despair, and to build empathy without foreclosing those possibilities into premature order, certainty or condemnation. The term ‘incoherence’ is used to refer to disorder of speech, disorder of argument, and disorder of intent and results, that is, to a general lack of congruence and coherence. The argument proceeds by looking at the relationships between help, exchange and empathy, moving into a brief history of ‘help’ (primarily in the UK) and finally exploring an interview with Angelina Jolie – film star, Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and Special Envoy to the current High Commissioner of the UNHCR. I argue that incoherencies are inevitable and often useful if not dismissed, and emulation of celebrity may be preferable to attempted compulsion or control.
Marshall, J & da Rimini, F 2014, 'Piracy is Normal, Piracy is Boring: Systematic disruption as everyday life' in Fredriksson, M & Arvanitakis, J (eds), Piracy: Leakages from Modernity, Litwin Books, Sacramento, pp. 323-353.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
What is often called ‘digital piracy’ is nowadays a mundane and everyday activity shared by millions of people. As such, piracy is a commonplace disorder within the order of information capitalism; it is both created by the ubiquitous orders of information capitalism and suppressed by those orders. In the myriad points of view of its participants, piracy represents an order that is implicit within contemporary life, an order/disorder that we will call ‘pirarchy’. For non-corporate producers, it constitutes a way of distributing their work that both threatens their ability to survive off that work, while also potentially opening previously unavailable possibilities of acquiring income or status from their products, or gaining expertise through direct, unmediated contact with fans and audiences. Many corporations see it simply as a disorder that threatens their future. We assert that pirarchy is a non-resolvable part of what we have elsewhere called the ‘information disorder’ – that is, the way that exchange of information, or the accuracy of information, tends to be disrupted by the political and economic processes of information capitalism.
Marshall, JP 2014, 'Culture, disorder, and death in an online world' in Cross-Cultural Interaction: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications, IGI Global, pp. 1010-1026.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2014 by IGI Global. All rights reserved. Death strikes everywhere, even online. Death poses problems personally, existentially, and culturally, and is potentially destructive to person and group. Yet many social theories of death posit some kind of social integration as normal, downplaying the potential for disorder. This chapter explores how people on the internet mailing list, Cybermind, dealt with death on two occasions: firstly, just after the group's founding, and secondly, when the group had been established for eight years, and was in crisis. On both occasions the group was rocked by the deaths, and struggled to make a meaningful and ongoing mailing list culture out of parts of offline culture, while transforming that culture within the constraints and ambiguities of List Life. This was a disorderly exploratory process, which verged on disintegration. Social disorder cannot be seen as simply pathological or an error; it is a vital part of cultural processes and must be taken seriously in itself.
Marshall, JP 2013, 'The Intranet of the Living Dead' in Whelan, A, Walker, R & More, C (eds), Zombies in the Academy: Living Death in Higher Education, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, London, pp. 121-136.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Myths and stories sometimes tell us information we prefer not to observe consciously. This article argues there is a homology between cyborgs and zombies, by considering the Cybermen in the long running British TV programme Doctor Who, and discussing peoples experience of computing and networking in Universities. A secondary theme is that cyborgs are ordering devices which create disorder by being overly inclusive and suppressing waht they do not deign to perceive. Computerisation and intranet usage helps spread zombification (bureaucracy, administration and mindless or pointless labour) throughout the university. While cyborgs generally make optimistic theory and people proudly announce they are cyborgs, few make similar claims about being zombies. However, the myths have parallels and point to similar dynamics and anxieties. Cyborg myths encapsulate some aspects of reality better than cyborg theory, and help explain why people would embrace zombification.
Marshall, J 2012, 'Culture, Disorder and Death in an Online World' in Le, H (ed), Virtual Community Participation and Motivation: Cross-Disciplinary Theories, IGI Global, hershey, pp. 330-346.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Death strikes everywhere, even online. Death poses problems personally, existentially, and culturally, and is potentially destructive to person and group. Yet many social theories of death posit some kind of social integration as normal, downplaying the potential for disorder. This chapter explores how people on the internet mailing list, Cybermind, dealt with death on two occasions: firstly, just after the groupâs founding, and secondly, when the group had been established for eight years, and was in crisis. On both occasions the group was rocked by the deaths, and struggled to make a meaningful and ongoing mailing list culture out of parts of offline culture, while transforming that culture within the constraints and ambiguities of List Life. This was a disorderly exploratory process, which verged on disintegration. Social disorder cannot be seen as simply pathological or an error; it is a vital part of cultural processes and must be taken seriously in itself.
Marshall, J 2012, 'Disorder and Management: approaching computer software through Lao Tzu, Heraclitus and Gorgias' in Prastacos, GP, Wang, F & Soderquist, KE (eds), Leadership through the Classics: Learning Management and Leadership from Ancient East and West Philo, Springer, Hiedelberg, pp. 459-474.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
We live within a time of intense flux and unpredictable change. It is doubtful whether our techniques of management deal with such times very well, as they tend to look for eternal truths and forms of action and control. This paper asks whether our situation might be improved by looking to pre-Platonic philosophical sources for guidance; in this case the writings of Lao Tzu, Heraclitus and Gorgias. After exploring this background the paper considers the ways that people manage software installations, as these are exemplars of chaotic systems with unintended and often disruptive effects. The conclusion is that these ancient philosophers have something to say to us about the way our attempts to create order actually create disorder. Order and disorder are not opposites which negate each other, but are intertwined in an âorder/disorderâ complex.
Marshall, J 2009, 'Climate Change is a Symbolic Event' in Jonathan Marshall (ed), Depth Psychology, Disorder and Climate Change, Jung Downunder Books (CG Jung Society of Sydney), Sydney, Australia, pp. 33-42.
Marshall, J 2009, 'Conclusion: Climate Change and Disorder' in Jonathan Marshall (ed), Depth Psychology, Disorder and Climate Change, Jung Downunder Books (CG Jung Society of Sydney), Sydney, Australia, pp. 415-450.
Marshall, J 2009, 'Depth Psychology and Social Innovation' in Jonathan Marshall (ed), Depth Psychology, Disorder and Climate Change, Jung Downunder Books (CG Jung Society of Sydney), Sydney, Australia, pp. 197-218.
Marshall, J 2009, 'Hair and Chaos' in Boccalette, S & Jones, M (eds), Trunk I: Hair, Boccalatte, Sydney, pp. 147-151.
Marshall, J 2009, 'Oedipus and Ecology: with a note on the Holy Grail' in Jonathan Marshall (ed), Depth Psychology, Disorder and Climate Change, Jung Downunder Books (CG Jung Society of Sydney), Sydney, Australia, pp. 125-136.
Marshall, J 2009, 'On Oppositions and Differences' in Jonathan Marshall (ed), Depth Psychology, Disorder and Climate Change, Jung Downunder Books (CG Jung Society of Sydney), Sydney, Australia, pp. 341-354.
Marshall, J 2008, 'Cybermind: Paradoxes of Gender and Relationship in an Online Group' in Samantha Holland (ed), Remote Relationships in a Small World, Peter Lang, New York, USA, pp. 199-215.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Marshall, J 2008, 'Gender In Online Communications' in Coiro, J, Knobel, M, Lankshear, C & Leu, DJ (eds), Handbook of Research on New Literacies, Taylor and Francis (Lawrence Erlbaum), New York, pp. 491-519.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Marshall, J 2006, 'Online Life and Gender Dynamics' in Eileen Trauth (ed), Encyclopedia of Gender and Information Technology, Idea Group Inc, Hershey, PA & London, UK, pp. 926-931.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Marshall, J 2006, 'Online Life and Gender Vagueness' in Eileen Trauth (ed), Encyclopedia of Gender and Information Technology, Idea Group Inc, Hershey, PA & London, UK, pp. 932-938.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Marshall, J 2006, 'Online Life and Netsex or Cybersex' in Eileen Trauth (ed), Encyclopedia of Gender and Information Technology, Idea Group Inc, Hershey, PA & London, UK, pp. 939-945.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Marshall, J 2006, 'Online Life and Online Bodies' in Eileen Trauth (ed), Encyclopedia of Gender and Information Technology, Idea Group Inc, Hershey, PA & London, UK, pp. 946-951.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Bodies are often claimed to be irrelevant to online activity. Online space, or activity, is frequently described as if disembodied, and often this absence of visible bodies is said to contribute to freedom from social pressures around gender, race, and body type (Reid 1996). However, without bodies, people could not access the Internet, and online there are continual references, directly or indirectly, to bodies, so the term disembodied references a particular type of "ghost" body. Therefore, rather than accepting ideas that naturalise dislocating life online from bodies, it is necessary to explore the situations in which this occurs. Another commonly used body metaphor is the cyborg: the melding of human with machine. In both cases, the body is usually taken as underllying what is happening and as a referent for authenticity.
Marshall, J 2011, 'Tillich: Symbol, Ecology, Paradox and the Creativity of Disorder', Ecological Theology and Environmental Ethics Vol.2, Institute of Theology and Ecology, Orthodox Academy of Crete, Orthodox ACademy of Crete, pp. 27-35.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
For Paul Tillich, theology is always carried out, and meaning gained, within an existing social situation. Today this situation includes the crises of the whole eco-system. Tillich suggests that awareness of paradox, and facing conceptual disorder, provides a way through such crises. We sit before the contradictions and limitations which appear and allow a new openness to being to the divine to arise, generating a breakthrough which surprises and transcends without destroying what has gone before. The contradictions we need to face include: the ways our attempts at making order have produced disorders; the contrast between human and divine; the distinction between nature and spirit; the relation between unity and variety; and the clash between omnipotence and disorder. Within these paradoxical tensions a new sense of meaning can grow and social potential develop.
Marshall, J 2010, 'Technology, Disorder and the Ends of Work', Anthropology and the Ends of Worlds - Symposium Online Publication 2010, Anthropology and the Ends of Worlds, Sydney University Anthropology Department, Sydney, Australia, pp. 1-18.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Originally technology was to end work and produce leisure, nowadays technology seems devoted to the ends of work, to furthering the spread and demands of work. However, in extending and intensifying the orders of work, technology disrupts those orders. As a result many peopleâs lives are embedded in confusion and uncertainty; they hope that technology will free them, but fear it will enslave them or lead them to disaster. Recognising these disjunctions should influence the ways we approach and analyse the âinformation societyâ.
Marshall, J & Zowghi, D 2010, 'Software and the Social Production of Disorder', Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, IEEE, Wollongong, Australia, pp. 284-291.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Software development is inherently an ordering process. When implemented in a workplace it orders the ways that people go about their work, the work they do, and the ways they interact and communicate with each other. This new mode of ordering may conflict with existing orders, existing distributions of power and knowledge, and arrangements of groups, and between groups. Ordering is almost always the subject of dispute, so software development can easily become enmeshed in the politicking between competing groups with deleterious effects. Removing all these conflicts may not be possible, as they can be an essential part of the ways relevant groups interact. Better communication, for example, may actually increase conflict, and not produce harmony. Rather than thinking of order and disorder as mutually exclusive polarities, it is more effective and realistic to think of them as constituting an âorder/disorder complexâ and to expect disorder to appear alongside the ordering. This paper explores the problems of ordering and disordering through a study of changes in the Australian Customsâ âIntegrated Cargo Systemâ. We suggest that acceptance of some untidied mess, or openness to both dispute and unclarity, may be useful in implementing functional software.
Marshall, J 2006, 'Information Technology, Disruption and Disorder: Australian Customs and IT', Seventh Association of Internet Researchers Conference, Brisbane.
Marshall, J 2006, 'Problems of online ethnography', Internet Mediated Sociality, ANU.
Marshall, J 2005, 'cyborg governance', CongressCATH 2005, University of Leeds UK.
Marshall, J 2005, 'David Hume and the Imagining of Culture', Cultural Studies Association of Australian Annual Conference: CultureFix, UTS, UTS, pp. 00-00.
Marshall, J 2005, 'Empire or cyborg governance: divining the physiognomy of systemic power', Hawaii International Conference on Social Sciences, Hawaii.
Marshall, J 2004, 'Governance, Structure and Existence: Authenticity, Rhetoric, Race and Gender', The Australian Electronic Governance Conference 2004, Australian Electronic Governance Conference, Centre for Public Policy Iniversity of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-33.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Marshall, J 2002, 'Communications and Conflict', Networks of Excellence, Waikato Institute of Technology & Power Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, pp. 15-15.
A 'platonic' dialogue in which Plato and Gorgias (and later Aristophanes) dispute about the nature of literature and the importance of disorder for a proper conception of life.