Nagarajan, S & Edwards, JJ 2014, 'Is the graduate attributes approach sufficient to develop work ready graduates?', Journal of Teaching and Learning for Graduate Employability, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 12-28.
Many universities have graduate attributes, sometimes referred to as generic skills, soft skills or work ready skills. This paper reports a study of the professional work experiences of recent Australian Information Technology (IT) graduates who identified that communication, time management, teamwork, working with people, working across cultures, project management and business skills were some of the major professional skills required for their work. A discussion of the study and its findings raises questions about the adequacy of the graduate attributes approach in the development of professional skills such as the ability of to work across cultures and on multiple projects which are major requirements of graduates in many IT (and other) workplaces. The study reveals the IT graduates' perspectives on the challenges they faced at work, the typical professional skills requirements of their practice and how they acquired or developed them, the elements of their university study which had relevance to the required workplace professional skills and how well their studies prepared them to meet the professional needs of their practice.
Nagarajan, S & Edwards, JJ 2014, 'The Relevance of University Studies to Professional Skills Requirements of IT Workplaces: Australian IT Graduates' Work Experiences', Journal of Perspectives in Applied Academic Practice, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 48-61.
Are university studies relevant to the professional skills requirements of Information Technology professional practice? Recent Australian IT graduates' viewpoints on the challenges they face at work, the typical professional skills requirements of their practice and how they acquired or developed them, the elements of their university study that are relevant to their work professional skills requirements and how well their studies prepared them to meet the professional needs of their practice are discussed. An analysis of what the professional work experiences of these graduates in professional practice tell us about their university studies is also presented. The research findings will provide IT (and other) faculties in universities and employers with evidence to support the preparation of graduates for professional practice through the development of appropriate curricula and transition-to-work support programmes when graduates commence employment.
Sutcliffe, PJ, Solomon, AI & Edwards, J 2012, 'Computing the variance of tour costs over the solution space of the TSP in polynomial time', Computational Optimization and Applications, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 711-728.View/Download from: Publisher's site
We give an O(n 2) time algorithm to find the population variance of tour costs over the solution space of the n city symmetric Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP). The algorithm has application in both the stochastic case, where the problem is specified in terms of edge costs which are pairwise independently distributed random variables with known mean and variance, and the numeric edge cost case. We apply this result to provide empirical evidence that, in a range of real world problem sets, the optimal tour cost correlates with a simple function of the mean and variance of tour costs
Loke, L, Larssen, AT, Robertson, TJ & Edwards, J 2007, 'Understanding movement for interaction design: Framework and Approaches', Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 691-701.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The results of a study of two computer games, that use human movement as direct input, were analysed using four existing frameworks and approaches, drawn from different disciplines that relate to interaction and movement. This enabled the exploration of the relationships between bodily actions and the corresponding responses from technology. Interaction analysis, two design frameworks and Laban movement analysis were chosen for their ability to provide different perspectives on human movement in interaction design. Each framework and approach provided a different, yet still useful, perspective to inform the design of movement-based interaction. Each allowed us to examine the interaction between the player and the game technology in quite distinctive ways. Each contributed insights that the others did not.
Lafferty, S & Edwards, J 2004, 'Disruptive technologies: what future universities and their libraries', Library Management, vol. 25, no. 6/7, pp. 252-258.
Edwards, J 2001, 'John Makepeace Bennett - An Inspiration', Journal Of Research And Practice In Information Technology, vol. 33, pp. 273-279.
This volume is a celebration for John Bennett's 80th birthday. It was written with respect and affection from just a few of the many he has inspired over his long professional career. It also commemorates indirectly, 40 years of the Basset Department of
Edwards, J & Kay, J 2001, 'A Sorry Tale - A Study of Women's participation in IT Higher Education in Australia', Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 329-335.
This paper examines long term changes in the participation of women in professionally accredited computing degree programs. It reports on the results of three intensive Australia-wide studies of the situation in the mid 1980s, in 1992 and in the late 1990s. The early study painted a detailed and rather depressing picture of women's representation in IT education. It also identified barriers to improvement in the discipline itself, the teaching institutions, and for individuals. The intervening years have seen many attempts to address these barriers in respect of both the attraction to and retention of women in IT courses. The current paper summarises the Australia wide studies and then draws upon recent localised data in contrasting environments and larger scale literature to explore how little things have changed as a result of these intervention programs.
Blair, A, Debenham, JK & Edwards, J 1997, 'A Comparative Study Of Methodologies For Designing IDSSs', European Journal Of Operational Research, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 277-295.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In this paper, we describe a comprehensive study conducted to understand the methodologies which are being used to design Intelligent Decision Support Systems (IDSSs) and to identify the key methodological problems and benefits with using these methodolo
For a graph of m nodes and n edges, an algorithm for testing the isomorphism of graphs is given. The complexity of the algorithm is a maximum of O(mn(2)) in almost all cases, with a considerable reduction if sparsity is exploited. If isomorphism is prese
Freeman, LM, Koh, B, Edwards, J & Zaslawski, CJ 2012, 'Defining Alternative Medicine in the Context of Athletic Performance and the Spirit of Sports: D(etermination), O(bservance), P(ermissibility) or E(ducation', Proceedings International Conference on Sports and Society, 3rd International Conference on Sports and Society, Common Ground, Cambridge, UK.
Nagarajan, SV & Edwards, J 2010, 'The role of universities in prepaing work ready information technology graduates', ACEN National Conference 2010Proceedings of the Australian Collaborative Education Network National Conference, Perth, 2010, Australian Collaborative Education Network National Conference, Australian Collaborative Education Network (ACEN) Incorporated, Curtin University, Perth, pp. 480-488.
The role of universities in preparing graduates for the workforce is a longstanding and controversial issue. In the business world, employers are increasingly interested in what their employees can do and less interested in what they know. There is an uneasy relationship between universities and their curricula and employer expectations of graduates. In the field of IT (Information Technology), minimal research literature exists on understanding graduate perspectives of their work experiences or how to relate their formal study to their work experiences, especially during the early employment years. When we studied the work experiences of recent IT graduates we found that certain professional skills can be developed only during employment. However, universities could be responsible for preparing IT graduates to face unknown, unknowable supercomplex situations, ensuring IT graduates learn how to learn, increasing knowledge and awareness of workplace environments and setting initial job expectations of, and for, IT graduates. We also found that in their degrees, IT faculties need frameworks beyond graduate attributes for the development and inclusion of IT specific professional skills.
Vilapakkam Nagarajan, S & Edwards, J 2009, 'The relevance of university degrees for developing work-ready Information Technology graduates', Proceedings of the 32nd HERDSA Annual Conference, Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia Annual Conference, HERDSA, Darwin, pp. 314-323.
Nagarajan, SV & Edwards, J 2008, 'Towards Understanding the Non-technical Work Experiences of Recent Australian Information Technology Graduates', Computing Education 2008. Proc. Tenth Australasian Computing Education Conference (ACE 2008). CRPIT. 78, Australasian Conference on Computer Science Education, Australian Computer Society, Wollongong, Australia, pp. 103-112.
This paper is a part of an education research degree study where the main objective of the research is to describe and analyse the nontechnical work experiences of recent Information Technology (IT) graduates with a view to generating a substantive theory of the relationship between non-technical work experiences of IT graduates and their University studies. It discusses the findings from the seven in-depth interviews conducted so far. The findings from the pilot study provide an insight into understanding graduate perceptions of the practical relevance of their University courses to the development of knowledge and non-technical skills applicable to their work experience.
Sutcliffe, PJ, Solomon, AI & Edwards, J 2007, 'Computing the Moments of Costs over the Solution Space of the TSP in Polynomial Time', IWOCA2007, International Workshop on Combinatorial Algorithm, College Publications, Lake Macquarie NSW, pp. 158-169.
Clear, T, Edwards, J, Lister, RF, Simon, B, Thompson, E & Whalley, J 2008, 'The Teaching of Novice Computer Programmers:Bringing the Scholarly-Research Approach to Australia', Computing Education 2008. Proc. Tenth Australasian Computing Education Conference (ACE 2008). CRPIT. 78, Australasian Conference on Computer Science Education, Australian Computer Society, Wollongong, pp. 63-68.
BRACElet is a multi-institutional multi-national research study of how novice programmers comprehend and write computer programs. This paper reviews the first action research cycle of the BRACElet project and, in the process, charts a path for the upcoming second cycle. The project remains close to educational practice, with much of the data being either data collected directly from exams sat by novices, or data from think-out-Ioud protocols where the task undertaken by a novice or an expert is modelled on an exam question. The first action research cycle analysed data in terms of the SOLO taxonomy. From think-aloud responses, the authors found that educators tended to manifest a SOLO relational response on small reading problems, whereas students tended to manifest a multistructural response. Furthennore, those students who manifested a relational response tended to do better overall in the exam than students who manifested a multistructural response. The second action research cycle will explore the relationship between the ability to read code and the ability to write code. Apart from reporting on the BRACElet project itself, this paper serves as an invitation for institutions and individuals to join the second action research cycle of the BRACElet project.
Rahman, AM, Kennedy, PJ, Simmonds, AJ & Edwards, J 2008, 'Fuzzy logic based modelling and analysis of network traffic', 8th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology 2008. CIT 2008, IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology, IEEE, Sydney, Australia, pp. 652-657.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Accurate computer network traffic models are required for many network tasks such as network traffic analysis and performance optimization. Existing statistical traffic modelling techniques rely on precise mathematical analysis of extensive measured data such as packet arrival time, packet size and server-side or client-side round trip time. With the advent of high speed broadband networks, gathering an acceptable quantity of data needed for the precise representation of traffic is a difficult, time consuming, expensive and in some cases almost an impossible task. In this work we developed a fuzzy logic based traffic models using imprecise data sets that can be obtained realistically. The model include a parameter, the R parameter, which is also useful for analysis of network traffic.
Sutcliffe, PJ, Solomon, AI & Edwards, J 2007, 'Finding the Population variance of Costs over the Solution Space of the TSP in Polynomial Time', Proceedings of the 11th WSEAS International Conference on APPLIED MATHEMATICS, WSEAS International Conference on Applied Mathematics, WSEAS Conference Proceedings, Dallas, Texas, pp. 23-28.
Larssen, AT, Robertson, TJ & Edwards, J 2007, 'Experiential Bodily Knowing as a Design (Sens)-ability in Interaction Design', European Workshop on Design and Semantics of Form and Movement, European Workshop on Design and Semantics of Form and Movement, 2007 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V., University of Northumbria, pp. 117-126.
Larssen, AT, Robertson, TJ & Edwards, J 2007, 'The Feel Dimension of Technology Interaction:Exploring Tangibles through Movement and Touch', TEI07, Tangible and Embedded Interaction, ACM, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, pp. 271-278.
Nagarajan, SV & Edwards, J 2006, 'Do Australian universities prepare information technology graduates for professional practice?', Partners, Pathways and Pedagogies: Keynote and Refereed papers of the 4th International Lifelong Learning Conference, International Lifelong Learning Conference, Central Queensland University Press, Yeppoon, Australia, pp. 337-343.
Larssen, AT, Robertson, TJ & Edwards, J 2006, 'How it feels, not just how it looks: when bodies interact with technology', OZCHI 2006 Conference Proceedings, Australian Computer Human Interaction Conference, CHISIG, Sydney, Australia, pp. 329-332.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper presents thoughts to extend our understanding of bodily aspects of technology interactions. The aim of the paper is to offer a way of looking at the role our kinaesthetic sense plays in human-computer interaction. We approach this issue by framing it around how our bodies establish relationships with things when interacting with technology. Five aspects of a conceptual tool, body-thing dialogue, potential for action, withinreach, out-of-reach and movement expression are introduced. We discuss the role this tool can play in our thinking about, further exploration and eventually our design for movement enabled technology interactions. The idea is that it can help us consider, not just how a design or a technology might look but also how it might feel to use.
Larssen, AT, Robertson, TJ & Edwards, J 2005, 'Mechanics and meaning: methodological considerations when studying movement in HCI', Proceedings of the workshop: Approaches to movement-based interaction, Dicennial Aarhus Conference Approaches to Movement Based Interaction, IDWoP, Aarhus, Denmark, pp. 1-65.
Harvey, S, Robertson, TJ & Edwards, J 2004, 'Towards Understanding Information Architecture: A Distributed Cognition Study of an IT Community of Practice', Conference Proceedings of OZCHI 2004, Australian Computer Human Interaction Conference, Bluora and Cedir, Wollongong, Australia, pp. 1-9.
Larssen, AT, Loke, L, Robertson, TJ & Edwards, J 2004, 'Understanding Movement as Input for Interaction-a study of Two EyeToy(tm) Games', Conference Proceedings of OZCHI 2004, Australian Computer Human Interaction Conference, Bluora and Cedir, Wollongong, Australia, pp. 1-10.
Robertson, TJ, Hewlett, C, Harvey, S & Edwards, J 2003, 'A role with no Edges: The work practices of Information Architects', Human - Computer Interaction - Theory and Practice (Part 1): Proceedings of HCI International 2003, International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc, Crete, Greece, pp. 396-401.
Edwards, J, McCurley, K & Tomlin, J 2001, 'An adaptive model for optimizing performance of an incremental web crawler', Proceedings of 10th International WWW Conference Hong Kong, International World Wide Web Conference, ACM Press, Hong Kong, pp. 106-113.
McGregor, C & Edwards, J 2000, 'Intelligent Workflow Monitoring Systems', N/A, N/A, Brisbane, Australia, pp. 0-0.