Lopes, A, Fam, DM & Williams, J 2012, 'Designing sustainable sanitation: involving design in innovative, transdisciplinary research', Design Studies, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 298-317.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This paper introduces an innovative pilot project where an alternative system of sanitation to capture, treat and reuse urine in agricultural trials is being undertaken in a university setting. The paper outlines the emerging theory and practise of Transition Management (TM) and identifies a lack of attention to the end-user in transition experiments to date. This project situates design as a core component in the social process of transitioning to a novel system of sanitation. Students across two design schools developed visual prototypes to introduce the project to the target audiences, which were tested during a pre-pilot installation. Initial results support the guiding hypothesis that design has a critical role to play in facilitating social learning in system innovation.
Gwilt, ID & Williams, J 2011, 'Framing Futures for Visual Communication Design Research', Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 81-98.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This paper posits opportunities to explore a critical space for visual communication design research. Through current education strategies being explored and tested we re-apply the typologies of the discipline through the lens of a critical practice in two distinct areas: first, as independent design investigation, process and research outcomes in its own right; and secondly, as meta-practice, enabling knowledge transfer and the facilitation of outcomes in trans-disciplinary research fields. We challenge assumptions of next-iteration practice as merely that of `collaboration' and `service'. The paper documents two case studies that have recently been implemented through teaching, learning and research strategies of the UTS Visual Communication Design degree in a university context.
Mellick-Lopes, A, Fam, DM & Williams, J 2010, 'Designing sustainable sanitation through transdisciplinary research: a pilot project of nutrient recovery and reuse', Cumulus - International Association of Universities and Colleges of Art, Design and Media - Shanghai Conference 2010: Young Creators for Better City and Better Life, Cumulus - International Association of Universities and Colleges of Art, Design and Media, DESIS, Shanghai, China, pp. 339-346.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Designs contribution to the sustainable development of infrastructural systems of consumption (eg. water, sanitation, transport, agriculture) has primarily been in optimizing existing products, processes and services. Any transition towards sustainability will however need to move beyond finite solutions to complex problems and consider ambitious innovation across multiple components of the existing system, including its technologies, organizations, institutions, infrastructures and social habits of practice.
Abeysuriya, K, Fam, DM, Hagare, P & Williams, J 2010, 'Transitioning to sustainable sanitation through cross disciplinary, practice-based research: an on-campus pilot of urine diversion at UTS', The 10th international conference of Australasian campuses towards sustainability (ACTS Inc): connecting curriculum and campus, International conference of Australasian campuses towards sustainability, RMIT, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-8.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Waterborne sanitation using flushing toilets and sewer networks has been recognised as the most important medical milestone for its transformational impact on urban public health since the 19th century (Ferriman 2007). While this model of urban sanitation has become the accepted norm for the industrialised world, its cost and resource-intensive nature is increasingly recognised as unsustainable. Several alternative models offering improved sustainability through greater material efficiency have emerged (West 2003). One of these is urine diversion (UD), the topic of this paper.
Williams, J Commonwealth of Australia 2009, 'Referendum Education in Australia (Submission 31 & 31A)' in A Time for change: Yes/No? - Inquiry into the Machinery of Referendums, p. Appendix, Canberra.
Submission of paper and supplementary paper in response to the Australian House of Representatives House Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs': 'Inquiry into the machinery of referendums'. The submission outlined deficits in past referendum education attempts in Australia, proposing reform using information design/visual communication principles to disseminate effective information to citizens. It is included as Submission Items 31 and 31A to the report in the overall report - a recommendation to Parliament - tabled in the House in February 2010.