Jeff Browitt is an Associate Professor in Latin American Studies in the School of International Studies and former Head of Program. He completed a BA Honours in Spanish with a minor in Latin American history at La Trobe University (1983-6), an MA in Hispanic Literature and Linguistics at the Instituto Caro y Cuervo in Bogotá, Colombia (1988-89), and an MA in Critical Theory (1994) and a PhD on the Sociology of Latin American Literature (1999), both at the Centre for Comparative Literature and Cultural Studies at Monash University. He has taught at Monash University (Melbourne), The University of the West Indies (Barbados), and the Universidad Industrial de Santander (Colombia). Jeff teaches Latin American and international studies in the School of International Studies, supervises students at distance who spend a whole year studying in Colombia, Mexico and Costa Rica, and supervises postgraduate research students with Latin American and Australian topics.
Latin American Studies Association
Australasian Iberian and Latin America Studies Association
Member of Editorial board of ITSMO, an online scholarly journal dedicated to Central American literary and cultural studies. http://istmo.denison.edu/
Jeff won the UTS Vice Chancellor’s ‘Learning 2014 Award’ for Contributions to UTS teaching; and a 2014 Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences Teaching Award for his work in ‘flipping’ the learning experience in the subject ‘Contemporary Latin(o) Americas’.
Can supervise: YES
Jeff's current research interests include: Central America literary and cultural studies; material cultural studies; contemporary aesthetic philosophy; and translation (Spanish to English). he has published on cultural theory, Central American literature and culture, Latin American popular culture, and Colombian political economy. His major book publications include: Contemporary Cultural Theory (Routledge; Allen & Unwin, 2002); The Space of Culture. Critical readings in Hispanic Studies (U. Delaware Press 2004, with S. King); Practising Theory: Pierre Bourdieu and the Field of Cultural Production (U. Delaware Press 2004, with B. Nelson); translator of A New Catechism for Recalcitrant Indians (FCE, 2007, with N. Castrillón); Rubén Darío: Cosmopolita Arraigado (INHC 2010, with Werner Mackenbach); and Disciplinar a los salvajes, violentar las disciplinas (Abya Yala Editores, 2014, with N. Castrillón); co-editor of Rubén Darío: Cosmopolita Arraigado (INHC 2010, with Werner Mackenbach); and Contemporary Central American Fiction: New Subjectivities (Sussex Press, 2017).
Some of Jeff's published work can be accessed online here: https://uts.academia.edu/Jeffreybrowitt
Jeff Browitt coordinates the Mexico, Colombia and Costa Rica Majors and teaches In-country Study 1&2. He also coordinates and teaches a generalist subject, Contemporary Latin(o)Americas. He has supervised or is currently supervising postgraduate candidates in the areas of higher education research, Colombian studies and Latin American literature.
Browitt, J 2020, Cicatrices Central American Fiction in the 21st Century, First, Sussex Academic Press, Eastbourne, Sussex.
Cicatrices provides an understanding of the mood in Central American fiction over the last five years.
Otsuji, E, Gavran, M, Groeneveld, S, Andersen, M, Jeffreys, E, Goodman, DSG, Vanni Accarigi, I, Maggiora de Iturralde, P, Fletcher, N, Sharp, L, Sheldon, M, Browitt, J, Donald, S, Harbon, L, Mikula, M, Giovanangeli, A, Loda, A, Allatson, P, Hurley, A, Barclay, K, Robert, J, Rodriguez, M, Leigh, B, McCormack, J, Manganas, N, Wyndham, M & Aponte Ortiz, L 2019, Geographies of Food: The BA International Studies 25th Anniversary Cookbook, ed. Paul Allatson, Angela Giovanangeli and Emi Otsuji., 1st, School of International Studies and Education, FASS, UTS, Sydney.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This book is a series of original, critical meditations on short stories and novels from Central America between 1995 and 2016. During the Cold War, literary art in Central America, as in Latin America in general, was strongly over-determined by the politics of the Cold War, which gave rise to popular struggle and three major armed civil wars in the 1970s and 1980s in Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala. The period produced intense literary activity with political ideology central, personified by social denunciation in the testimonial novel and revolutionary poetry. Since then, though themes of violence are still at much of its core, Central American fiction has become more complex. We have witnessed a resurgence of literary writing and criticism with a focus squarely on the artistic side of narrative art: writing aware of its own figurative manoeuvres and inventiveness, its philosophical and affective dimensions, and its carefully crafted syntax. This collection of essays by Jeffrey Browitt attempts to trace some of the contours of this new literature and the contemporary subjectivities of its writers through close readings of Guatemala's Rodrigo Rey Rosa, Eduardo Halfon and Denise Phe-Funchal; Nicaragua's Franz Galich and Sergio Ramirez; Belize's David Ruiz Puga; El Salvador's Jacinta Escudos and Claudia Hernandez; and Costa Rica's Carlos Cortes. Key themes are gender, subjectivity and affect as these intersect with the deconstruction of the family, hegemonic masculinity, motherhood, revolutionary romanticism, and the relationship of humans with animals
Browitt, J 2014, Disciplinar los salvajes, violentar las disciplinas, 1st, Ediciones Abya Yala, Quito, Ecuador.
This book is a co-translation into Spanish with Nidia Castrillon of Martin Nakata's Disciplining the Savages, Savaging the Disciplines (2007, Aboriginal Studies Press).
Browitt, J & Castrillon, NE 2007, A New Catechism for Recalcitrant Indians, First, Fondo de Cultura EconÃ³mica, Mexico City.
A translation of a key literary text from the Mexican writer, Carlos Monsvais. A collection of 50 satirical fables about legacy of Catholic evnagelisation of Mexican indigenous peoples.
Milner, A & Browitt, J 2002, Contemporary Cultural Theory, 3rd, Routledge & Allen & Unwin, London & Sydney.
A guide to different versions of contemporary cultural theory
Jara-Labarthé, V, Browitt, J, Nakata, NM & Cisneros Puebla, CA 2018, 'Discriminación positiva como discurso: Un enfoque metodológico para estudiar las experiencias educativas indígenas australianas y chilenas [Positive Discrimination As Discourse: A Methodological Approach For Studying Australian And Chilean Indigenous Educational Experiences]', Interciencia, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 664-671.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This essay proposes a methodological approach based on a
Foucaultian discourse analysis and also on Nakata's cultural
interface, to study higher education institutions and their relationship
with their indigenous students. The paper is divided
into the following sections: the archeology of knowledge and
statements; subjects and objects of knowledge; knowledge, power and subjectivity; truth and 'claims to know' indigenous subject;
cultural interface; Australian indigenous higher education;
and lessons for Chile. From the description of the concept of
positive discrimination, treated here as discourse, the Australian
case is analyzed and possible lessons are proposed for the
context of indigenous students in Chilean higher education.
Browitt, J 2015, 'The Politics of Style: Mario Vargas Llosa's La guerra del fin del mundo', Chasqui-Revista De Literatura Latinoamericana, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 29-47.
A literary criticism of the book "La guerra de find el mundo" by Mario Vargas Llosa is presented. This historical novel questions the representational and ideological force of the novel in association with the historical record. According to the author, at least three of the main characters of the book practice sexual abstinence for years which results in an unbalanced sense of judgment.
Browitt, J 2014, 'La teoria decolonial: buscando la identidad en el mercado academico (The Decolonial Theory: Searching for the Identity in the Academic Market)', Cuadernos de literatura, vol. 18, no. 36, pp. 25-46.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Resumen Los proponentes del discurso decolonial latinoamericano entran en contradicción performativa cuando utilizan las herramientas de la teoría crítica europea para deconstruir el discurso de la modernidad eurocéntrica al mismo tiempo que ponen en cuarentena sus propias construcciones discursivas e ideológicas para protegerlas de la revisión por la misma teoría crítica europea. Ciegos a las aporías de la teoría decolonial, piensan que pueden tomar una posición epistemológica moralmente superior y trascendente a través de su contacto con los mundos indígenas y afrodescendiente. Este proceso de apropiación ideológica simplemente invierte los opuestos binarios simplistas que los teóricos decoloniales dicen que quieren evitar. Abstract The proponents of Latin American decolonial discourse enter into performative contradiction when they utilize the tools of European critical theory to deconstruct the discourse of Eurocentric modernity, while trying to quarantine their own discursive and ideological constructions from review by that selfsame European critical theory. Blind to decolonial theorys aporias, they think they can take a morally superior and transcendental epistemological position through their contact with indigenous and Afrodescendent worlds. This process of ideological appropriation merely inverts the simplistic binary opposites that the decolonial theorists claim they wish to avoid.
Browitt, J & Gonzales Reyes, AH 2014, 'Modernismo y Erotismo en America Latina [Modernism and Eroticism in Latin America]', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 245-253.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This article explores the nexus between the Spanish American literary movement, Modernismo, and eroticism. In particular, it looks at the ambivalent positioning of the female nude and the play of desire/pleasure versus danger/sin as women were contradictorily portrayed as object of spiritual adoration or carnal desire and misogynistically positioned as threatening and destructive to male subjectivity. The article also discusses the blurred boundaries between eroticism and pornography.
Allatson, P & Browitt, J 2008, 'Introducing Hyperworld(s): Language, Culture, and History in the Latin American world(s)', Portal Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-23.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This introduction to the January 2008 special edition of PORTAL engages with the processes by which, in the early 21st centuryan information age of hypertechnology, post-nationalism, post-Fordism, and dominating transnational mediaculture and economy have become fused, and globalizations tend towards the mercantilization, commodification, and privatization of human experience. We recognize that access to the technologies of globalizations is uneven. Although cyberspace and other hypertechnologies have become an integral part of workspaces, and of the domestic space in most households, across Western industrialized societies, and for the middle and upper-classes everywhere, this is not a reality for most people in the world, including the Latin American underclasses, the majority of the continents population. But we also agree with pundits who note how that limited access has not prevented a `techno-virtual spillover into the historical-material world. More and more people are increasingly touched by the techno-virtual realm and its logics, with a resultant transformation of global imaginaries in response to, for instance, the global spread of privatised entertainment and news via TV, satellites and the internet, and virtualized military operations (wars on terror, drugs, and rogue regimes). Under these hyperworldizing conditions, we asked, how might we talk about language, culture and history in Latin America, especially since language has an obvious, enduring importance as a tool for communication, and as the means to define culture and give narrative shape to our histories and power struggles?
Browitt, J 2007, 'Managua, Salsa City: el detrito de una revoluciÃ³n en ruinas', Istmo, Revista virtual de estudios literarios y culturales centroamericanos, vol. julio-dici, no. 15, pp. 1-3.
Gabriel García Márquezs celebrated novel, One Hundred Years of Solitude, belongs to a virtual sub-genre of Spanish Caribbean narratives of failure in the quest for community framed within fatalistic and tragic structures. The novel follows the fortunes of the Buendía family and the mythical community of Macondo through the towns foundation, consolidation and eventual decline into apocalyptic destruction. The novel has frequently been interpreted as an allegory of Colombian or even Latin American national failure and the underlying 'message' that issues from the novel is that peoples who are unable to develop a historical consciousness (understand their trajectory in history) are fated to perish. This essay challenges this myth and its perpetuation by many prominent Latin American literary critics.
Browitt, J, King, S & Martinez-Exposito, A 2007, 'Introduction', Journal of Iberian & Latin American Studies, vol. 12, no. 2.
Browitt, J 2006, 'Hacia una nueva historia literaria centroamericana', Istmo: Revista virtual de estudios literarios y culturales centroamericanos, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 1-3.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
A critical review of the problems involved when attempting to write a new, comprehensive literary history of Central America
Browitt, J 2006, 'La respuesta perdurable: El humor satírico en "Por mi madre, bohemios" de Carlos Monsiváis', Delaware Review of Latin American Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-21.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2006, 'Neo-feudalism and Rhetoric of development in Latin America', Dialogue: Journal of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia: Special Section: Lessons from Latin America., vol. 25, pp. 10-21.
Browitt, J, King, S & Martínez-Expósito, A 2006, 'Introduction to the theme 'Masculinity and violence in Spain and Latin America'', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1-3.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The first five articles in this edition of JILAS address the theme of masculinity and violence in Spain and Latin America. Despite—or perhaps because of—the proliferation of tropes of posturing machos, Latin lovers, vain, prancing toreros and enraged, jealous husbands, which are often peddled in the media and popular culture, the question of masculinity in Spanish and Latin American societies has been largely ignored in critical studies. In fact, the study of gender in these societies is usually limited to women and, to a lesser extent, gay men. The intention of this collection is to move beyond the stereotypes of masculine behaviour and discourse in these societies and to lay bare the intricate nexus between the rituals and practices of masculinity and their frequent manifestation in acts of violence. It has been problematically argued that violence is primarily attached to the masculine and knows no limits in terms of age, class, race, ethnicity or nationality. In contemporary Latina/Hispanic societies, as in many others, while women are sometimes complicit in domestic violence (abuse of children or homicidal revenge against spouses), it is masculine violence that is ubiquitous and rampant, whether in the domestic sphere of spousal and child abuse, in sexual aggression, or in the public sphere of extortion, robbery, gangs, sport, war and state violence. It has also been suggested that specific acts of violence such as terrorism, sabotage, and bullying are overwhelmingly performed by men. How is the nexus between masculinity and violence portrayed in cultural creation? In this collection of essays, literature and film provide pathways to understand the damaging conjunction of masculinity and violence for both society and the individual. An extended literature review of trans gender peoples forms a companion piece. © 2006 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Browitt, J 2005, 'En híbrida mezcolanza: Exile and Cultural Anxiety in Alirio Díaz Guerra's Lucas Guevara', PORTAL Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-25.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The novel Lucas Guevara, written by the Colombian exile, Alirio Díaz Guerra, was first published in New York in 1914. It is considered to be the earliest novel about Latin American immigration to the United States written in Spanish. This fact alone merits its study. A second edition was published in 2001 along with a critical-biographical introduction, which presents the novel as the precursor of a developing genre of Hispanic immigrant literature centred on the naïve Latin American migrant who arrives in the United States inspired by the opportunities which the metropolis supposedly affords, but who nevertheless suffers a series of misfortunes because of the inability to adapt to the new culture. On the level of overt content, the novel is a lachrymose, stereotypical and conventional denunciation of the supposed evils of an amoral US society and the libertine and materialistic values underpinning it. But on a much deeper level, a picture emerges of Díaz Guerra himself as a displaced, disenchanted intellectual exile who suffers (or has suffered) an acute cultural and class anxiety in the transition from a patrician Arcadia to the heart of capitalist, industrial modernity. Through a reading of the narrative voice, and by extension the implied author, we witness his difficult coming to terms with a highly-charged New York society (in comparison to his homeland), not only because of the sexual liberation brought on by secular modernization, but also because of the close proximity of volatile, eroticised bodies on the over-crowded Lower East Side of New York, the scene of the novel and Díaz Guerras point of entry into the United States. The novel also provides an occasion to contrast how Díaz Guerra deals with the condition of exile, in contrast to that most emblematic of Latin American political refugees, José Martí.
Browitt, J 2005, 'Sexual anxiety in Alirio Diaz Guerra's 'Lucas Guevara'', HISPANIA-A JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE TEACHING OF SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 677-686.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Browitt, J 2005, 'Traducir el catecismo', La Gaceta del Fondo de Cultura EconÃ³mica, vol. February, no. 410, pp. 23-25.
A description of the process involved in carrying my translation of Carlos Monsvias's "Nuevo catecismo para indios remisos" (A New Catechism for Recalcitrant Indians)/
Browitt, J 2004, 'Amor perdido: Sergio Ramírez, la ciudad letrada y las fallas del sandinismo gramsciano (Lost love: Sergio Ramírez, The Lettered City and the Failings of Gramscian Sandinismo)', Istmo: Revista virtual de estudios literarios y culturales centroamericanos, vol. 8, no. January-June, pp. 1-17.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2004, 'Ese escurridizo objeto de deseo: la verdad histórica', Istmo: Revista virtual de estudios literarios y culturales centroamericanos, vol. 9, no. July-December, pp. 1-22.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2004, ''Maria Elisa Cevasco, 2003: Para Leer a Raymond Williams, Buenos Aires: Universidad nacional de Quilmes Editorial, 311p.; Maria Elisa Cevasco, 2003: Dez lições sobre estudos culturais, São Paulo: Boitempo, 188p.' (review article)', Istmo: Revista virtual de estudios literarios y culturales centroamericanos, vol. 9, no. July - December, pp. 1-11.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2002, 'Exorcizando los fantasmas del pasado nacional: Got seif de Cuin! de David Ruiz y Margarita, esta linda la mar de Sergio Ramírez', Istmo: Revista virtual de estudios literarios y cultu..., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 1-10.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
A comparison of the way history is ficonalised in two contemporary Central American novels
Browitt, J 2001, 'Capital punishment: the fragmentation of Colombia and the crisis of the nation-state', THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1063-1078.
Browitt, J 2001, 'Capital Punishment: The Fragmentation of the Colombian Nation-State and Global Capitalism', Third World Quarterly, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1063-1078.
The challenge to the Colombian nation-state that violent para-state actors present.
Browitt, J 2001, 'Literatura nacional y el ocaso del discurso de la nacion-estado en Centroamerica', Istmo: Revista virtual de estudios literarios y culturales centroamericanos, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-6.
An analysis of the problematic link between literature and natio-state formation in Central America in an era of post-nationalism
Browitt, J 2000, 'Review of 'From Bomba to Hip-hop: Puerto Rican Culture and Latino Identity', by Juan Flores', Journal of Iberian & Latin American Studies, vol. 6, no. 2.
" Review of 'From Bomba to Hip-hop: Puerto Rican Culture and Latino Identity', by Juan Flores", Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, London UK: Carfax Publishing, vol 6 (no 2), 2000.
Browitt, J 1997, 'Gabriel García Márquez, Noticia de un secuestro. Bogotá, Norma, 1996,336 pp.', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 81-86.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In May 1996 García Márquez's new book was published with the usual fanfare. In fact the launch was so well-planned and such a 'national' event that - even as the ubiquitous copia pirata hit the streets at the same time (a lucrative industry and another aspect of the 'informal economy') - the Bogota police were busily busting the forgery racket and clearing the streets of the illegal copies, something rarely done for other authors. Now that's clout! The reception of the book at the time was mixed. There was the usual fawning praise and commentary so general as to be applicable to almost any publication, the sniping by a few linguistic purists who accused Garcia Márquez of putting costeño diction in the mouths of bogotanos, the odd protest by one or two of the participants that they were misrepresented or misquoted (this is ostensibly a non-fictional work), and the difficulty a lot of critics had with coming to terms with what the book actually represented within Garcia Marquez's oeuvre. I will try to address the latter problem. © 1997 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Browitt, J 1997, 'Review of 'Noticia de un secuestro' by Gabriel GarcÃa MÃ¡rquez', Journal of Iberian & Latin American Studies, vol. 3, no. 3.
"Review of 'Noticia de un secuestro', by Gabriel GarcÃa MÃ¡rquez", Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, London UK: Carfax Publishing, vol 3 (no 3), 1997
Browitt, J 1996, 'Communication in Latin America', Journal of Iberian & Latin American Studies, vol. 2, no. 2.
"Review of 'Communication in Latin America', edited by Richard Cole", Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, London UK: Carfax Publishing, vol 2 (no 2), 1996.
Browitt, J 2017, 'The garage as vernacular museum: reading contemporary masculinity through 'man caves'' in Lloyd, J & Vasta, E (eds), Reimagining Home in the 21st Century, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Contemporary masculinity is constructed, performed and maintained through all kinds of symbolic practices and rituals. One recent kind of symbolic practice/expression is 'man caves' or 'man spaces', a certain kind of domestic space dedicated to and inhabited by primarily heterosexual men in spousal relationships: converted garages, basements, sheds, spare rooms and so forth. These spaces usually involve the storage of favourite objects, which can range from cars and car parts, motorcycles, tools, collectibles and, memorabilia, to musical and gym equipment, TVs/home theatres, alcohol paraphernalia, weapons, books, and so forth. Man caves function for building, repairing and maintaining 'stuff', but also as entertainment centres, as 'toys', as an escape into solitude or, conversely, as a place to entertain friends, as a place to express oneself in an-other way, a place to let one's imagination run free. They are a key site for reading the performance of contemporary, urban masculinity. Within the confines of the domestic sphere, man caves promise of control over a space, its décor and the socialisation therein.
Browitt, J 2016, 'A Case Study on International Studies' in Santos Green, L, Banas, J & Perkins, R (eds), The Flipped College Classroom: Conceptualized and Reconceptualized, Springer International Publishing, New York, pp. 70-75.
This chapter is a case study of a second-year university flipped Humanities subject. It was designed according to the theory of constructive alignment as well as other theories to do with student-centered learning, and complemented by peer and instructor formative feedback. It was also designed in the blended mode taking advantage of online learning technology with an instructional model which pushes engagement with new content outside the classroom and brings the homework into an environment of interactive, collaborative learning.
Browitt, J 2014, 'From Parable to Pedagogy: Mario Vargas Llosa's war on Fanaticism' in Castro, JED (ed), Critical Insights. Mario Vargas Llosa., Grey House publishing/Salem Press., Amenia, New York, pp. 131-145.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Mario Vargas Llosas novelistic production after Conversation in The Cathedral (1969) increasingly became over-determined by the context of the Cold War and moved from parables of moral corruption to thinly disguised pedagogical instruction on ideology and fanaticism, marked by an authorial anxiety over reader reception. Two novels in particular represent this trend in his oeuvre: The War of the End of the World (1981) and The Real Life of Alejandro Mayta (1984).
Browitt, J 2014, 'La Interfaz Cultural: lecciones decoloniales desde Australia' in Jarrin-Thomas, S & Black, R (eds), Disciplinar a los salvajes, violentar las disciplinas, Abya Yala, Quito, Ecuador, pp. 15-32.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
A critique of Latin American decolonial theory through a consideration of Martin Nakata's theory of the Cultural Interface, a theoretical proposal for understanding the positioning of Indigenous higher education students.
Browitt, J 2013, 'El modernismo, Rubén Darío y la construcción de un campo autónomo de la literatura en América' in Roig, DS (ed), Bourdieu después de Bourdieu, ARCO/LIBROS, Madrid, pp. 231-259.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2011, 'Cosmopolitanism From Below? Quotidian Ethics in the Trans-Caribbean' in Mackenbach, W & Wallner, GMLYAO (eds), TransitAreas. Convivencias en CentroamÃ©rica y el Caribe, Verlag Walter Frey, Berlin, pp. 353-363.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2009, 'Amor perdido: Sergio Ramirez, la ciudad letrada y las fallas del sandinismo gramsciano' in marc Zimmerman (ed), Estudios culturales centroamericanos, San Jose: Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica, pp. 26-39.
Browitt, J 2009, 'Jorge Luis Borges and Ruben Dario: Art, Politics and Creative Freedom' in Estela Valverde (ed), Jorge Luis Borges, English Literature and Other Inquisitions, Southern Highlands Publishers, Sydney, Australia, pp. 33-56.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
In spite of the nineteenth-century style foundational !roping of Dario as 'Liberator', what Borges had come to realise in the intervening years was the fundamental lesson to be learnt about the need for creative freedom, without which art runs the risk of becoming a mere vehicle for ideology. It is also one of the rare occasions where he acknowledges 'originality', relentlessly deconstructed throughout his writing career, and we must therefore take with a grain of salt his evasive, tongue-in-cheek statements about his own lack of creative originality, One suspects that Borges was acutely aware of his originality, but did his utmost to feign humility. While he may have been sceptical towards founding gestures, indeed thematised such positions in, for example, 'Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote',5 part of his originality clearly lies in the philosophical questioning of the foundational conceits of Western metaphysics, including literature and literary writers' claim to be transparent unto themselves, original unto themselves, when they are shot through with tradition, synthesis and citation: 'Borrowing citations, even entire works, swapping literary paternity, playfully assembling and disassembling texts from the past, arranging them in new perspectives: all this has innovative value for Borges,.6 This essay, then, highlights the shared concern of both Dario and Borges with creative freedom and how this was played out against a historical background of a struggle for cultural hegemony between cultural nationalism and cosmopolitanism within the irnpact of modernity on Latin American literary production.
Browitt, J 2009, 'Ruben Dario en Buenos Aires, 1893-1898: la genesis de un campo literario autonomo' in Grinberg Pla, V & Roque Baldovinos, R (eds), Tensiones de la modernidad: del modernismo al realismo, F&G Editores, Guatemala, Guatemala, pp. 59-84.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The years 1893 to 1898 when Rubén Darío lived in Buenos Aires represent a key period, not only in the life and work of Rubén Darío himself, but also in all of Latin American literature. Although it is always risky allocating an exact date to important historical movements and processes and converting individual figures into heroes, given them almost god-like qualities, there is no doubt that the presence of Dario in Buenos Aires in that period and his relations with Argentine cultural institutions was fundamental. Darío was not only a heroic catalyst of the modernist revolution in the formal structure of Castilian prose and poetry, but also the genesis of an autonomous literary-artistic field (in the sense in which Pierre Bourdieu (1996) uses the term); that is to say, the differentiation of literature into a relatively separated and professionalized field. This moment also becomes the moment of the institutionalization of intellectual autonomy, such as we understand it today and not as it was understood by the hommes de lettres of the nineteenth century when it was synonymous with, as it was in the case of the Uruguayan essayist José Enrique Rodó, with cultural independence from Spain.1 This essay, then, explores the conjunction of the arrival of Rubén Darío in Buenos Aires, the peak of Modernismo in the incipient cultural institutions of Buenos Aires and the professionalization of the literary writer.
Browitt, J 2008, '"En hibrida mezcolanza": Exile and Anxiety in Alirio Diaz Guerra's Lucas Guevara' in Allatson, P & McCormack, J (eds), Exile Cultures, Misplaced Identities, Rodopi, Amsterdam, New York, pp. 225-244.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2008, 'Exorcizando los fantasmas del pasado nacional: Got seif de Cuin! de David Ruiz y Margarita, esta linda la mar de Sergio Ramirez' in Mackenbach, W, Fonseca, RS & Zavala, M (eds), Historia Ficcion en la Novela Centroamericana Contemporanea, Ediciones Subirana, Honduras, pp. 91-106.
A critical introduction to my translation of a book of 50 satirical fables by the Mexican cultural critic, Carlos Monsvais. I give a historical overview of the evangelisation of Indigneous people's in the Valley of Mexico, a process which forms the basis for the fables.
Browitt, J 2006, 'Capital Punishment: The Fragmentation of the Colombian Nation-state and Global Capitalism' in Kingstone, PR (ed), Readings in Latin American Politics: Challenges to Democratization, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, pp. 391-405.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The failure of the Colombian oligarchy to forge an inclusive nation-state has led to endemic violence, exasperated by Colombia's insertion into globalisation trends.
Browitt, J 2005, 'Trayectoria comon? Una genealoge comparativa de los estudios culturales brita y latinoamericanos' in Castelon, C, Santibanez, C & y Zimmerman, M (eds), Estudios culturales y cuestiones de la globalizacien AmLatina, LACASA & Bravo y Allende, Santiago, Chile, pp. 33-65.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
A comparative analysis of Latin Americna and British cultural studies.
Browitt, J 2004, 'Introduction: The Space of Critique' in The Space of Culture: Critical Readings in Hispanic Literary and Cultural Studies, University of Delaware Press/Associated University Presses, Newark New Jersey, pp. 1-11.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2004, 'Modernismo, Rubén Darío, and the Construction of the Autonomous Literary Field in Latin America' in Browitt, J & Nelson, B (eds), Practising Theory: Pierre Bourdieu and the Field of Cultural Production, University of Delaware Press, Newark New Jersey USA, pp. 113-129.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2004, 'Pierre Bourdieu: Homo Sociologicus' in Jeff Browitt, J & Nelson, B (eds), Practising Theory: Pierre Bourdieu and the Field of Cultural Production, University of Delaware Press, Newark New Jersey USA, pp. 1-12.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2004, 'Uncommon Ground? A Comparison of British and Latin American Cultural Studies' in The Space of Culture: Critical Readings in Hispanic Literary and Cultural Studies, University of Delaware Press, Newark New Jersey, pp. 54-80.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Browitt, J 2001, 'Colombia in the Crucible: Civil War, Citizenship and the Disintegration of the State' in Browitt, J, Carr, B & Niblo, S (eds), Journal of Iberian & Latin American Studies, La Trobe University, Melbourne, pp. 1-18.
Introduction to the contemporary crisis in Colombia where para-state actors have unleashed widespread violence
Browitt, J 2000, 'Nationalising the Popular: Ritual, Resistance and Survival in Latin American Popular Culture' in Jeffrey Browitt (ed), Journal of Iberian & Latin American Studies, La Trobe University, Melbourne, pp. 1-25.
An analysis of the problematic relation between Latin American popular cultures and nation-state formations.
Browitt, J 2006, 'The Politics of Style: Mario Vargas Llosa's The War of the End of the World', First Forays into Sensory Realms, Graduate School of Business, UTS.
Browitt, J 2005, 'Cultural Anxiety in Alirio Diaz Guerraâs Lucas Guevara', University of Houston, TEXAS.
Browitt, J 2005, 'Decolonizing Latin American Imaginaries', CELAO, La Trobe University.
Browitt, J 2005, 'Europe and Latin America: decolonising Latin American imaginaries', Visions of Union: European Values and Contesting Voices, Kuring-gai Campus, University of Technology Sydney.
Browitt, J 2005, 'Latin American Studies in Australia: the state of the art', Australian Education International, Gold Coast.
Browitt, J 2005, 'Modernismo, Ruben Dario, and the Construction of the Autonomous Literary Field in Latin America', Queer Agencies and Social Change in International Perspectives (Institute for International Studies Workshop), The Resort, Wiseman's Ferry.