Teaching/Research, ETH Zurich - girot.arch.ethz.ch
Coordinator LVML, ETHZ - lvml.net
Co-founder LANDSKIP Lab - landskip.ch
Registered Landscape Architect Switzerland - bsla.ch
BSLA FSAP Bund Schweizer Landschaftsatchitekten
Board Member - ETH Architecture Alumni - ETH Zurich - alumni.ethz.ch
Can supervise: YES
Melsom, J 2020, 'Multi-scalar geo-landscape models: Interfacing geological models with landscape surface data', Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, vol. 2020, no. 5, pp. 59-69.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© Wichmann Verlag, VDE VERLAG GMBH. Large scale geological processes inform many of the fundamental landscape characteristics shaping our landscapes, yet their form and nature remain abstracted from most aspects of Landscape Architectural practice. This is due to both the scale and nature of these processes, which do not fit within the frameworks of landscape architectural descriptive techniques, which tend to describe surface characteristics, and often resist translation into territorial scales. Despite the dominance of geology in many of our built environments, the geological scale remains abstract in modern literature and thought, whether in size, materiality or timescale, from its solid strata to its eroded form (MONTGOMERY 2007). This research develops a workflow to import three dimensional models from proprietary mining and geological software into Landscape Architectural packages, facilitating the integration of surface conditions with the underlying geological terrain. The selection, cropping, interrogation and integration of geological data offers new possibilities for fundamental Landscape Architecture education, and the fields of environmental design and planning, including prioritisation of land use for resource extraction, underground water management, and earthworks in terrains with shallow bedrock geologies.
Settled areas and landscapes are always changing. For politicians, spatial planning experts, architects and the public affected by these changes, information on the type and speed of the changes holds a decisive interest. Documentation on these changes is required for any serious discussion on their cause and to work out strategies and cost instruments for managing the challenges that emerge from the change process. Photography makes it possible - in contrast to abstract representational forms, e.g., maps and plans - to present every aspect that is important for sensual-emotional awareness and an experience of the space. In Switzerland, an entire range of institutions with different orientations offer image material for research on localities and landscapes. In the following contribution, four different types of photographic archives are excellently presented.
Hayek, UW, Melsom, J, Neuenschwander, N, Girot, C & Grêt-Regamey, A 2011, 'Interdisciplinary studio for teaching 3D landscape visualization - Lessons from the LVML', GIS-Zeitschrift fur Geoinformatik, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 117-122.
There is an urgent necessity of accredited education and training programs for 3D landscape visualization at various levels of user. Experts have to gain the competence for assessing those techniques in terms of their options and limits in supporting communication in the planning process. This paper presents an interdisciplinary approach for teaching studios to improve students' awareness of principles in 3D landscape visualization and application in participatory landscape planning and design. The studio was conducted in the LVML - Landscape Visualization and Modelling Lab at the ETH Zurich. Conducting studios that are interdisciplinary with regard to both the lab leaders as well as the students foster knowledge transfer from research findings to education and thus to praxis and seem to accelerate the speed of learning.
Fraguada, LE & Melsom, J 2018, 'Code matters: Consequent digital tool making in landscape architecture' in Cantrell, B & Mekies, A (eds), Codify: Parametric and Computational Design in Landscape Architecture, Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 225-240.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The relatively young discipline of landscape architecture has been fundamentally shaped by its tools and typical means of representation, which have not evolved markedly since its inception, only developing substantially in the last decade. As a discipline, its predecessors could be seen to include not only architecture and garden design but also surveying, geography, cartography, geology, botany and the other earth and climate sciences. The adoption of the term by practitioners such as Olmstead coincided with the realization of New York's Central Park, an exceptionally modern conceptual project that could be seen as a taxonomy of the natural sciences. As such, and despite its diversity of scope and varied vocabulary, it is somewhat surprising to note that the techniques and tools of such parallel disciplines have influenced landscape architecture so little, particularly in technique and method.
Melsom, J, Girot, C & Hurkxkens, I 2015, 'DIRECTED DEPOSITION: EXPLORING THE ROLES OF SIMULATION AND DESIGN IN EROSION AND LANDSLIDE PROCESSES', COMPUTATIONAL ECOLOGIES: DESIGN IN THE ANTHROPOCENE, 35th Annual Conference of the Association-for-Computer-Aided-Design-in-Architecture, ASSOC COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN ARCHITECTURE-ACADIA, CINCINNATI, OH, pp. 210-220.
Fraguada, L, Girot, C & Melsom, J 2013, 'Ambient Terrain The generation of large-scale landscape site data for design applications', ECAADE 2013: COMPUTATION AND PERFORMANCE, VOL 1, 31st International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe), ECAADE-EDUCATION & RESEARCH COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN EUROPE, Delft Univ Technol, Fac Architecture, Delft, NETHERLANDS, pp. 433-438.
Fraguada, L, Girot, C & Melsom, J 2012, 'Synchronous horizons: redefining spatial design in landscape architecture through ambient data collection and volumetric manipulation', ACADIA 2012 - Synthetic Digital Ecologies: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture, pp. 355-361.
© 2012 ACADIA. All rights reserved. This paper addresses the limited shared vocabulary of landscape architecture and architectural design, evident in the application of terms such as "spatial design" and "spatial planning." In their current usage, such terms emphasize the visible, terrestrial, pedestrian-perspective level, often to the absolute exclusion of a spatial, i.e., volumetric comprehension of the environment. This deficit is acutely evident in the teaching of landscape architecture and architecture and discussion of these fields' shared ground. The dominant document type for mapping such analysis and design is the plan, or three-dimensional representations of the same, restricted to an extrusion or height map. GIS techniques in spatial design tend to be weighted toward visual, surface-based data (slope analysis, exposure, viewshed, etc.). Within this domain, our goal is to transform aspects of the intangible—the characteristics of open space itself—into a form that is legible, quantifiable, and malleable.
Girot, C, Bernhard, M, Ebnoether, Y, Fricker, P, Kapellos, A & Melsom, J 2010, 'Towards a Meaningful Usage of Digital CNC Tools Within the field of large-scale landscape architecture', ECAADE 2010: FUTURE CITIES, 28th Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe), ECAADE-EDUCATION & RESEARCH COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN EUROPE, Zurich, SWITZERLAND, pp. 371-378.