Hussain Rammal is Director of the Master of Business Administration (MBA) and coordinator for the Bachelor of Business - International Business programs. He is Associate Professor of International Business and Strategy at UTS Business School and a Research Associate of the Australia-China Relations Institute (ACRI) at the University of Technology Sydney. He was previously the coordinator for the Higher Degrees by Research program in the Management department between 2016-2018.
Hussain is co-editor-in-chief of the Review of International Business and Strategy journal published by Emerald, and the founding editor of the book series Emerging Issues in International Business and Global Strategy, published by World Scientific. He is the Real Impact Editor (Oceania) for the Journal of Knowledge Management and serves on the editorial boards of leading journals including International Business Review, and Accounting, Auditing, and Accountability Journal. Hussain is also co-moderator of the Academy of Management's International Management division Connect site.
Before joining UTS, Hussain held positions at the University of Adelaide and the University of South Australia. He holds a visiting position at the University of Bologna in Italy and has been a visiting research scholar at the University of Aberdeen Business School in Scotland and Aalto University in Finland.
Hussain was one of the Chief Investigators (CI) on the study titled: "Australia and the European Union: A study of a changing trade and business relationship". The study was supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) funded linkage projects. He has also authored reports for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Secretariat, and the Export Council of Australia.
Hussain's current research interests focus on the internationalization of service firms and cross-border movement of professionals; international business negotiations in Asia; the role of the State in the internationalization process (in particular the Belt and Road initiative) and intra-organization transfer of tacit knowledge.
Hussain is an active member of many academic and professional bodies. Some of the leadership roles include:
Can supervise: YES
- Internationalization of firms
- Trade in Services
- International Business Negotiations
- International Entrepreneurship
- Cross-border Knowledge Management
- Role of the State in International Business Activities
- International Business
- Strategic Management
- Global Strategy
- International Management
Ferreira, JJ, Teixeira, SJ & Rammal, HG 2020, Technological Innovation and International Competitiveness for Business Growth: Challenges and Opportunities, 1, Palgrave Macmillan.
This book explores how companies combine technological innovation and competitive actions that create new opportunities for business growth in the international market. The complexity of designing today's technology platforms requires profound knowledge in multiple areas. Technology development and commercialization as an ongoing competitive process involves enabling and inhibiting mechanisms, which govern the speed and acceleration of technological innovation. To compete more effectively, potential competitors are using coopetition and pooling their resources for shared gain in areas where they do not compete directly. Thus, a thorough examination of the current paradigms, theories, and frameworks is needed to increase our understanding of the technology-innovation-competitiveness linkages of business growth. This book brings together recent developments and methodological contributions within technological innovation, international competitiveness, and business growth that bridge the existing gaps and simultaneously advances the debate on this research topic.
Ghauri, PN, Ott, UF & Rammal, HG 2020, International Business Negotiations: Theory and Practice, Edward Elgar.
This insightful new book provides comprehensive coverage of the theories and practices key to negotiating business deals in the twenty-first century. Employing a holistic framework, it offers an understanding of the factors that influence the negotiation process, the challenges associated with negotiating across borders and the strategies used by negotiators.
Cavusgil, ST, Knight, GA, Riesenberger, JR, Rammal, HG & Rose, EL 2014, International Business The New Realities, 2, Pearson, Australia.
The second edition of International Business features 10 new in-depth case studies specially created for this edition. For undergraduate students majoring in international business or post-graduate courses in international business
Cavusgil, ST, Knight, G, Riesenberger, J, Rammal, HG & Freeman, S 2012, International Business The New Realities.
International Business 1st Australasian edition: the New Realities is a rigorous resource which motivates and prepares future managers to operate in multi-national settings, by delivering a teaching system that works.
Wild, JJ, Wild, K, Han, J & Rammal, H 2006, International Business The Challenges of Globalisation, Pearson.
Introduces culture early in the text and integrates this throughout the book, providing diverse examples of the intersection of business and culture.
Guo, Y, Jasovska, P, Rammal, HG & Rose, E 2020, 'Global Mobility of Professionals and the Transfer of Tacit Knowledge in Multinational Service Firms', Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 553-567.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The use of expatriates to transfer individual and organizational know-how and knowledge is a practice widely used by multinational enterprises (MNEs). However, for service firms, the mobility of employees across national borders depends on the commitments made by countries under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). In particular, the Mode 4 form of supply under GATS can limit the ability of professionals to enter a particular country and can restrict the intra-organizational transfer of knowledge in multinational service firms. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how MNEs attempt to overcome these barriers and transfer knowledge through their global network.
Using Nonaka and Takeuchi's SECI model of knowledge transfer, the authors study the intra-organizational knowledge transfer practices of an Indian multinational service firm. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 key informants involved with the organization.
The company uses global teams to transfer tacit knowledge and facilitates inpatriation through an internship program that helps the firm overcome nationality requirement that restricts the movement of their managers to other countries, which in turn limits their ability to transfer knowledge in the intra-organizational setting. The company uses the services of a not-for-profit youth organization that helps recruit interns for the program and also facilitates the relationship with the Indian Government, which provides support for this initiative by reducing barriers to entry for the interns.
This study takes the unique approach of studying barriers to movement of professionals and a firm's strategic response. It identifies the pressures and barriers that companies face in the global economy and highlights the role of government agencies and other stakeholders in facilitating or restricting the transfer of knowledge within a firm's international network. The...
Burritt, RL, Christ, KL, Rammal, HG & Schaltegger, S 2020, 'Multinational Enterprise Strategies for Addressing Sustainability: the Need for Consolidation', Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 164, no. 2, pp. 389-410.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper examines the growing number of publications on multinational enterprise management of sustainability issues. Based on an integrative literature review and thematic analysis, the paper analyses and synthesises the current state of knowledge about main issues arising. Key issues identified include the following: choice of sustainability strategies; management of the views of headquarters towards sustainability; local cultural sustainability perspectives in developed and developing host countries; MNEs with home in developing/emerging countries; and resource availability for implementing sustainability initiatives. Findings indicate that although the literature is tending towards growing acceptance about sustainability and its challenges most researchers have focused on corporate social responsibility and investigate their own niche problem, industry, and country, using their own chosen theory and do not consider the need for consolidation and integration of social, environmental and economic performance. Avenues for future research are identified which will provide a means for the ethical foundations of theory and practice to be improved.
Japanese firms and their management practices (including those related to expatriate management) have been of interest to international business researchers for decades. The international human resource management literature highlights the critical role expatriates' family play in the success or failure of global assignments. However, this issue has not been prominent in the literature on Japanese expatriates, despite the emphasis on collectivism and culture. This study uses the integrative literature review method to consolidate the research on Japanese work practices and expatriation issues in Japanese multinational enterprises, with emphasis on Japanese family issues in expatriate management. Using family systems theory as the analytical lens, we identify themes that have been covered in the literature on Japanese global assignees and their families. Current gaps in the literature are highlighted, and we provide a future research agenda with broad themes that can contribute to the academic writing and practices of Japanese expatriate management.
Dang, T, Jasovska, P & Rammal, HG 2020, 'International business-government relations: The risk management strategies of MNEs in emerging economies', Journal of World Business, vol. 55, no. 1.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In emerging economies where the institutional environment is weak, the level of risk faced by MNEs remains high. Extant literature recognizes the forms of risks faced by MNEs, but only a few studies have attempted to explain how firms identify and mitigate these risks. This study addressed the commercial risk management strategies of MNEs operating in Vietnam. We found that the government remained the key stakeholder and maintaining active relations with them aided MNEs' operational success. The risk mitigation strategies employed by MNEs included managing alertness, portraying good behavior, navigating through the state of comfort, and active mediation.
Rammal, H 2019, 'Innovation and International Entrepreneurship: Will the Digital Platform Serve All?', International Journal of Economics, Business, and Entrepreneurship, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 97-103.
The link between knowledge, innovation, and technology, as understood in extant literature, tends to emphasize a digital, high-tech platform for the implementation of innovative ideas. This paper challenges the view and details why relying solely on digital platforms and innovation may not let companies reach their full potential. Using examples of frugal innovation, this paper recommends that entrepreneurs need not limit their ideas by focusing only on digital and technology-driven innovation, and to consider the infrastructure realities of the developing economies.
Dang, T, Jasovska, P, Rammal, HG & Schlenker, K 2019, 'Formal-informal channels of university-industry knowledge transfer: the case of Australian business schools', Knowledge Management Research & Practice, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 384-395.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The transfer of knowledge between university and industry is a significant activity that is facilitated by government policy and incentives. Australian universities have a global reputation for excellence in research and training. However, the country's low score in innovation ranking has prompted the government and industry bodies to emphasise the importance of and provide support to high-quality science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. We study the knowledge transfer practices of 10 Australian universities and provide insights into how these universities, and in particular the Business Schools, respond to the funding cuts faced by the university sector. We find that the universities use both formal (research centres, incubators, and contract-research and commercialisation) and informal channels (internships, mentoring, industry talks, transdisciplinary research platforms, collaborative Ph.D. programs, and industry training programs) to transfer knowledge with industry partners.
Guo, Y, Rammal, HG, Benson, J, Zhu, Y & Dowling, PJ 2018, 'Interpersonal relations in China: Expatriates' perspective on the development and use of guanxi.', International Business Review, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 455-464.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The literature on social networks identifies relationship building through guanxi as an effective way for Western organizations to reduce their liability of foreignness in China. Even though it is individuals rather than organizations who build these relationships, the focus in previous literature has been on organizational outcomes, and only a handful of studies have attempted to explain how expatriates perceive guanxi relations are built and maintained. To help address this issue, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 36 Western expatriates working in China. Our findings suggest that guanxi is perceived to be an informal process that is used to build trust between individuals, which in turn can reduce the uncertainty around contract enforcement in China. We also find that the process for building guanxi between parties is initiated by the individual whose organization has less market power. Finally, the findings suggest that firms should be cautious if they elect to use agents as intermediaries to help connect to, and build relations with buyers and sellers.
Richardson, C & Rammal, HG 2018, 'Religious belief and international business negotiations: Does faith influence negotiator behaviour?', International Business Review, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 401-409.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. Religious observance is widespread and continues to influence managerial behaviour in many parts of the world. However, its role in international business negotiations has not received much scholarly attention. This study explores some of the key ways in which religious belief shapes negotiation behaviour. Focusing specifically on the Islamic context, and drawing on interviews with 27 religiously observant Muslim managers in Malaysia, the study found that commitment to a common religion among negotiators positively influenced certain components of the negotiation process through, for example, the use of religious/emotional appeal, which emphasised their 'spiritual camaraderie'. In some instances, however, we observed something of a paradox, whereby differing religious beliefs among negotiating counterparts were claimed to actually enhance, rather than hinder, negotiations.
Yuliansyah, Y, Rammal, HG & Rose, E 2016, 'Business strategy and performance in Indonesia's service sector', Journal of Asia Business Studies, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 164-182.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Purpose: The relationship between strategic choices and performance in service firms in emerging markets has remained largely under-researched. This study aims to address this issue by studying the performance of financial institutions in the context of Indonesia's political, institutional and socio-cultural environment.
Design/methodology/approach: Using institutional theory, the authors analyzed data collected using surveys and interviews with senior managers in Indonesian financial institutions.
Findings: The authors find that the regulative and normative elements have forced organizations to incorporate the values set by the external institutional bodies. The organizations have undertaken structural isomorphism in response to culture-cognitive elements, and differentiate themselves by focusing on the provision of quality customer service and enhanced customer satisfaction.
Originality/value: The authors provide new insights by studying how the political and institutional environment and choice of strategy influences performance of the services sector in emerging economies.
Petracci, B & Rammal, HG 2014, 'Developing the Islamic Financial Services sector in Italy: An institutional theory perspective', Journal of Financial Services Marketing, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 198-207.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2014 Macmillan Publishers Ltd. The growth of the Islamic Financial Services (IFS) sector has received much attention recently due to the resilience demonstrated by the sector during the financial crisis. While IFS continue to grow rapidly in much of Asia, there has been limited institutional support for the development of the sector in Europe, which has historically been slow to realize the sector's potential. Italy is one such country in Europe that has a growing Muslim population but has yet to develop the IFS sector. Using the institutional theory perspective, we highlight the role the Italian government can play in developing the regulative elements that facilitate the establishment of the IFS sector, and the introduction of Islamic financial products in the country. We propose that a developed IFS sector in Italy would help attract investment from countries in the Middle East and North African region, and would also facilitate the financial inclusion of the Muslim population in the domestic market.
Kamla, R & Rammal, HG 2013, 'Social reporting by Islamic banks: does social justice matter?', ACCOUNTING AUDITING & ACCOUNTABILITY JOURNAL, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 911-945.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khakhar, P & Rammal, HG 2013, 'Culture and business networks: International business negotiations with Arab managers', INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS REVIEW, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 578-590.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This study presents a history of the Islamic banking sector, its accountability and regulation in Pakistan, set in its contexts of the rise of Islamic banking internationally in a global finance marketplace alongside the localized Islamization of Pakistan's economy. The historical analysis is informed by the Economic Theory of the State and the principles of Islamic theocracy, and examines the events leading to the establishment of the Islamic banking system in Pakistan, government accountability and regulatory strategies, and the market response. The findings reveal the complexity of attempts to reform Pakistan's banking sector into a purely Islamic-based system and the contests between government, the central bank and religious authorities for the sector's accountability, regulation and control. The re-emergence of a dual banking system and its accountability and regulation for both economic management and theocratic purposes illustrates the ongoing compromise and accommodation between national religious culture and a global financial environment. © The Author(s) 2012.
Hoepner, AGF, Rammal, HG & Rezec, M 2011, 'Islamic mutual funds' financial performance and international investment style: evidence from 20 countries', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FINANCE, vol. 17, no. 9-10, pp. 829-850.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rammal, HG 2011, 'Culture and Institutional Differences: The Use of Agents in International Business Negotiations', Business Journal for Entrepreneurs, vol. 24, no. 4.
Rammal, HG & Gould, G 2009, 'The Value Relevance of Accounting Reports', Business Journal for Entrepreneurs, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 59-64.
Rammal, HG 2008, 'Managing an International Business School: A Case Study', Global Education Journal, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 59-69.
Rammal, HG 2008, 'Political motivations: The nationalization of the pakistani banking sector', Corporate Ownership and Control, vol. 6, no. 2 D CONT. 3, pp. 342-346.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The sixth most populated country in the world, Pakistan has faced political instability since her independence. The Pakistani banking sector, which had experienced rapid growth, faced an unexpected move in 1974 when through a parliamentary act; the Government of Pakistan nationalized the industry and seized control of all assets. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the events leading to the nationalization and the impact of the decision on the banking sector in Pakistan. The findings of the paper reveal that the decision to take control of the banking sector was a politically motivated one which failed to achieve the objectives that were set out during the nationalization.
Rammal, HG 2007, 'Communicating Successfully: The Importance of Nonverbal Messages in the Communication Process', Samadhan-The Solution, vol. 10, pp. 21-26.
Rammal, HG & Zurbruegg, R 2007, 'Awareness of Islamic banking products among Muslims: The case of Australia', Journal of Financial Services Marketing, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 65-74.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Islamic financing differs from conventional financing in that it prohibits the payment or receipt of interest. The concept of interest-free financing existed prior to the advent of Islam and was embraced in ancient Arabia. The concept was officially launched in the 1970's by the Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) and introduced in most Muslim nations and some Non- Muslim nations. But while it has experienced phenomenal growth rate, the Islamic financial system has been criticized for failing to incorporate the true spirit of Shari'ah in their actions. Islamic financial institutions are also divided over the interpretation of which products are considered halal (acceptable under Islamic law). In order to overcome some of these issues, financial institutions dealing with Islamic products are required to utilize the services of a Shari'ah adviser or a Shari'ah Supervisory Board (SSB). The paper recommends a more collaborative effort between the central banks of Muslim nations and regulatory organizations.
Rammal, HG & Zurbruegg, R 2006, 'The impact of regulatory quality on intra-foreign direct investment flows in the ASEAN markets', INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS REVIEW, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 401-414.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Allsopp, L, Rammal, HG & Zurbruegg, R 2005, 'Purchasing Power Parity and the Asian Financial Crisis: Implications for Policy Makers', Global Business Review, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 251-258.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© Emerald Backfiles 2007. This exploratory study focuses on identifying the key cultural and other contextual influences that affect the process and outcome of commercial negotiations between Pakistanis and Non- Pakistanis. A survey of negotiators was conducted asking for information, based on their experience, about the business negotiation process involving Pakistanis and Non-Pakistanis. Utilizing the studies of Hofstede, and Salacuse, the responses of Pakistani and Non-Pakistani negotiators are analyzed and cultural traits displayed by Pakistani negotiators in international business negotiations are identified.
Rammal, HG 2004, 'A Framework for International Business Negotiations', Ethics and Critical Thinking Journal, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 74-86.
Rammal, HG 2004, ''Bending the Rules': Guaranteeing Profits in the Islamic Financial System', Ethics and Critical Thinking Journal, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 36-42.
Rammal, HG 2004, 'Financing Through Musharaka: Principles and Application', Business Quest.
Rammal, HG 2004, 'Industrial Conflict in Australia: The Effects of the Workplace Relations Act', Business Journal for Entrepreneurs, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 75-81.
Rammal, HG & Zurbruegg, R 2004, 'Measuring the Awareness of Australian Muslims towards Shari'ah Compliant Banking Products', Indonesian Management and Accounting Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 351-362.
Rammal, HG 2003, 'Mudaraba in Islamic Finance: Principles and Application', Business Journal for Entrepreneurs, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 105-112.
Ratten, V, Rammal, HG & Ramadani, V 2017, 'Islamic Finance: An Entrepreneurial Management Perspective' in Ramadani, V, Dana, L-P, Gërguri-Rashiti, S & Ratten, V (eds), Entrepreneurship and Management in an Islamic Context, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 119-132.
Increasing attention has been placed on the Islamic finance sector because of its entrepreneurial approach to money management. The aim of this chapter is to focus on the entrepreneurial management approaches to Islamic finance by looking at the global money market. The innovative financial management practices used by Islamic businesses are discussed in terms of religious entrepreneurship. The findings suggest that Islamic finance is more entrepreneurial than other cultural forms of money exchange. Suggestions for future research are stated that integrate an Islamic management approach to finance based practices.
Guo, Y, Rammal, HG & Dowling, PJ 2016, 'Career Capital Development of Self-Initiated Expatriates in China' in Guo, Y, Rammal, HG & Dowling, PJ (eds), Global Talent Management and Staffing in MNEs, Emerald, UK, pp. 81-100.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of SIEs' career development through international assignment. In particular, the research focus is on career capital acquirement and development of SIEs through their international assignment in China.
We review studies on SIEs and comparative studies between SIEs and OEs. We apply the career capital theory to discuss SIEs' career capital development in terms of knowing-how, knowing-why and knowing-whom through expatriation assignment in China.
This chapter focuses on SIEs' career capital accumulation through international assignments in China, and we develop three propositions that will guide future studies: the knowing-whom career capital development of SIEs through expatriation is increased more in network quantity than network quality in China; the knowing-why career capital development of SIEs through expatriation is influenced by the age and career stage of SIEs; and the knowing-how career capital development of SIEs through expatriation — task-related skills and local engagement skills — is influenced by the SIE's intercultural ability and organization support respectively.
In practice, a better understanding of SIEs' career capital development in terms of knowing-how, knowing-why and knowing-whom help companies make the decision to select the relevant staffing pattern. This study also has practical implications in relation to the design and selection of the training, learning and development activities provided to the employees.
The chapter contributes to the expatriate management literature by focusing on SIEs' career development through their international assignment in China. SIEs' career development is related to their cross-cultural adjustment and has impacts on the completion and success of the expatriation assignment.
Guo, Y, Rammal, HG & Dowling, PJ 2016, 'Global Talent Management and Staffing in MNEs: An Introduction to the Edited Volume of International Business and Management' in Global Talent Management and Staffing in MNEs, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. xv-xxiv.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Petracci, B & Rammal, HG 2016, 'Developing the Islamic Financial Services Sector in Italy: An Institutional Theory Perspective' in Harrison, T & Ibrahim, E (eds), Islamic Finance: Principles, Performance and Prospects, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 174-189.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The Islamic Financial Services (IFS) sector has experienced wider consumer acceptance and rapid growth since its commercial launch in the 1970s. This growth has primarily been in countries in Asia such as Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan and the Middle East region. Although non-Muslim majority countries like Hong Kong and Singapore have taken positive strides in developing the sector, European countries have lagged behind their Asian counterparts (Daily Times, 2013). Europe is host to a large Muslim population, but the lack of developed Islamic financial institutions means that the potential of IFS product offerings is yet to be fully realized in the region (Volk and Pudelko, 2010).
Rammal, HG & Zurbruegg, R 2016, 'Awareness of Islamic Banking Products among Muslims: The Case of Australia' in Harrison, T & Ibrahim, E (eds), Islamic Finance: Principles, Performance and Prospects, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 141-156.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The concept of interest-free financing was practiced by Arabs prior to the advent of Islam, and was later adopted by Muslims as an acceptable form of trade financing. While the system had been used on a small scale for centuries, its commercial application began in the 1970s.1 Since then Islamic financing has experienced worldwide acceptance, and by early 2003 there were at least 176 Islamic banks around the world, with deposits in excess of $147bn.2
Rammal, HG 2015, 'Islamic Banking' in Harrison, T & Estelami, H (eds), The Routledge Companion to Financial Services Marketing, Routledge, Abingdon, UK.
This book is therefore a timely and much needed comprehensive compendium that reflects the development and maturation of the research domain, and pulls together, in a single volume, the current state of thinking and debate.
Rammal, HG 2015, 'Managing the Ethical Aspects of Islamic Banking and Finance' in Ali, A (ed), Handbook of Research on Islamic Business Ethics, Edward Elgar Publishing, UK, pp. 246-258.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The Islamic banking and finance sector has experienced rapid growth since the 1970s and has established a reputation for being an ethical and socially responsible alternative to the conventional banking sector (Kamla and Rammal, 2013). The operations of Islamic finance have received much attention in the last few years due to the sector's strong performance during the global financial crisis triggered in 2008 (Chapra, 2011). However, despite the growing importance of the sector, little attention has been paid to the way that Islamic financial institutions are governed and managed, and the social role they play in bettering the lives of the community. This chapter addresses this issue by highlighting the ethical aspects of Islamic banking and finance, the role it can play in the achievement of social justice, and the issues related to management and governance in Islamic financial institutions. The next section provides a historical overview of the Islamic banking and finance sector, followed by a detailed discussion of issues of social justice and distribution of wealth under the Islamic system. The chapter then explains the management issues and governance structures of Islamic financial institutions, and concludes by providing the setting for a future research agenda. The Islamic financial system has its roots in shariah law, which is the moral code derived from the Holy Qur'an (Aggarwal and Yousef, 2000). The guiding principle of the Islamic financing system is the prohibition of the use of interest in lending and commercial practices.
Rammal, HG 2012, 'A global approach towards teaching ethics in international business' in Al-Beraidi, A, Duncan, N, Gasper, L, Gentile, M, Huang, HJ, Islam, G, Mølbjerg Jørgensen, K, Mangia, G, Stookey, S, Vaiman, V & Eon Yu, J (eds), Handbook of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education, IGI Global, USA, pp. 114-123.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The areas of ethics and social responsibility have increasingly become important in the study of international business and are now covered at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. While the introduction of ethical theories and responsibilities of corporations within the subject matter has helped create awareness of ethical issues faced by managers in the global marketplace, the current body of knowledge focuses mainly on the Western perspective. This chapter extends the ethical perspective to non-Western philosophies and covers the teachings and ideologies of Confucianism, Gandhism and Islam. These philosophies describe the ethical and moral values that help can explain the decision-making behavior of managers in China, India and many Muslim countries. These suggested codes of ethics are relevant for both students and academics, especially in light of the increasing number of acquisitions by firms from emerging economies. © 2012, IGI Global.
Parsons, D & Rammal, HG 2010, 'The Integration of the Electronics Sector in ASEAN' in Findlay, C, Pangestu, M & Parsons, D (eds), Light the Lamp Papers on World Trade and Investment in Memory of Bijit Bora, World Scientific.
This is a collection of papers dedicated to the memory of well-known WTO staffer Bijit Bora who died suddenly in 2006.
Centre for the Advancement of Trade Integration and Facilitation, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Institute for International Trade-University of Adelaide, Thailand Development Research Institute & Rammal, H ASEAN Secretariat 2007, Expanding Trade in Business Services in ASEAN, no. REPSF Project 05/006, Jakarta, Indonesia.