Hugh is a lecturer in sport and exercise science. His research interests are focused on evidence-based methods to improve performance and reduce injury in sport and industry. Hugh has worked in both an applied and research setting, firstly as part of a sports science team which was responsible for servicing various European soccer clubs, Olympic athletes and the German Football Federation. Prior to joining UTS, Hugh was with the Oakland Raiders (National Football League, USA) as a strength and conditioning assistant and performance analyst. Prior to entering the NFL, Hugh has also served as the sport science coordinator with the University of Oregon Football Program. Hugh is an accredited exercise scientist and sports scientist (ESSA), strength and conditioning coach (ASCA) and he was named the Exercise and Sport Science Australia (ESSA) Sport Scientist of the Year for 2017.
Hugh completed his international PhD at the FIFA Medical Center of Excellence within Saarland University, Germany under the supervision of Professor Tim Meyer (National Football Team Doctor of the World Champions, Germany) in collaboration with UTS Health’s own Associate Professor Rob Duffield and Professor Aaron Coutts in 2017.
PhD - International dual Doctor of Philosophy (Sports Medicine), Saarland University, Germany (based) in conjunction with the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia. Thesis entitled: Sleep-related issues facing professional football players. Primary Supervisors: Prof. Tim Meyer (Saarland University; German Football National Team Doctor) and Associate Prof. Rob Duffield (University of Technology Sydney, Australia).
MSc - Research – Exercise Physiology, University of Wollongong, Australia. Thesis entitled: Establishing bona fide physiological employment standards for contemporary firefighters. Supervisor: Associate Prof. Nigel Taylor
BSc - Exercise Science, University of Wollongong, Australia.
- Exercise and Sport Science Australia (ESSA)
- Australian Strength and Conditioning Association (ASCA)
- Accredited coach with various national sporting bodies
Can supervise: YES
Hugh is interested in the following research areas:
- Improving understanding of how athletes’ fatigue and recover (with a specific focus on how much and how well do athletes sleep)
- The relationship between training/match load and injury
- The effect of travel and sleep on performance and recovery
- Various aspects of physiological performance in tactical athletes (i.e. firefighting, military)
- Evidence-based practice in sport and effective translation of sport science research
- 92564 Sport and Exercise Medicine (3rd year UG)
- 92562 Exercise Rehabilitation (3rd year UG)
- 96313 Performance and Culture in High Performance Sport (PG)
- 96306 Recovery and Nutrition in High Performance Sport (PG)
Brown, GA, Veith, S, Sampson, JA, Whalan, M & Fullagar, HHK 2020, 'Influence of Training Schedules on Objective Measures of Sleep in Adolescent Academy Football Players.', Journal of strength and conditioning research, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 2515-2521.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Brown, GA, Veith, S, Sampson, JA, Whalan, M, and Fullagar, HHK. Influence of training schedules on objective measures of sleep in adolescent academy football players. J Strength Cond Res 34(9): 2515-2521, 2020-Football academy settings may pose risks to adolescent athletes achieving sufficient sleep because of the contextual challenges these players face (e.g., psychosocial pressure, changes in training, competition, and academic stress). Given the importance of sleep to overall health as well as physical athletic development and injury risk, this study aimed to investigate whether differences in training schedules (morning vs. evening training sessions) affected objective measures of sleep in adolescent academy football (soccer) players. Twelve academy players (mean age 14.18 ± 1.36 years) wore an ActiGraph accelerometer on nights before, and nights of, training days in 2 separate weeks where morning (09:00-11:00 hours) and evening (18:00-20:00 hours) training occurred. Objective sleep parameters and training load data were collected. Night-time sleep periods were categorized as sleep preceding morning training, preceding evening training, or after evening training. One-way univariate and multivariate analyses of variance for repeated measures were performed to determine the impact of the training schedule on sleep. Significance levels were set at p < 0.05. The total sleep time was below the recommended guidelines (<8 hours) across conditions. A large significant effect of the training schedule on time attempted to fall asleep (p = 0.004, effect size [ES] = 0.40) and time of sleep (p = 0.003, ES = 0.41) was present, with post-evening sessions resulting in the latest times. Overall, the players' sleep behavior was resilient to changes in training schedules. However, the low sleep durations (and potential risks to physical performance/injury) suggest that sleep education coupled with practical interventions are required in this cohort.
Gupta, CC, Ferguson, SA, Aisbett, B, Dominiak, M, Chappel, SE, Sprajcer, M, Fullagar, HHK, Khalesi, S, Guy, JH & Vincent, GE 2020, 'Hot, Tired and Hungry: The Snacking Behaviour and Food Cravings of Firefighters during Multi-Day Simulated Wildfire Suppression', NUTRIENTS, vol. 12, no. 4.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Janse van Rensburg, DCC, Jansen van Rensburg, A, Fowler, P, Fullagar, H, Stevens, D, Halson, S, Bender, A, Vincent, G, Claassen-Smithers, A, Dunican, I, Roach, GD, Sargent, C, Lastella, M & Cronje, T 2020, 'How to manage travel fatigue and jet lag in athletes? A systematic review of interventions.', British journal of sports medicine, vol. 54, no. 16, pp. 960-968.View/Download from: Publisher's site
OBJECTIVES:We investigated the management of travel fatigue and jet lag in athlete populations by evaluating studies that have applied non-pharmacological interventions (exercise, sleep, light and nutrition), and pharmacological interventions (melatonin, sedatives, stimulants, melatonin analogues, glucocorticoids and antihistamines) following long-haul transmeridian travel-based, or laboratory-based circadian system phase-shifts. DESIGN:Systematic review Eligibility criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and non-RCTs including experimental studies and observational studies, exploring interventions to manage travel fatigue and jet lag involving actual travel-based or laboratory-based phase-shifts. Studies included participants who were athletes, except for interventions rendering no athlete studies, then the search was expanded to include studies on healthy populations. DATA SOURCES:Electronic searches in PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Google Scholar and SPORTDiscus from inception to March 2019. We assessed included articles for risk of bias, methodological quality, level of evidence and quality of evidence. RESULTS:Twenty-two articles were included: 8 non-RCTs and 14 RCTs. No relevant travel fatigue papers were found. For jet lag, only 12 athlete-specific studies were available (six non-RCTs, six RCTs). In total (athletes and healthy populations), 11 non-pharmacological studies (participants 600; intervention group 290; four non-RCTs, seven RCTs) and 11 pharmacological studies (participants 1202; intervention group 870; four non-RCTs, seven RCTs) were included. For non-pharmacological interventions, seven studies across interventions related to actual travel and four to simulated travel. For pharmacological interventions, eight studies were based on actual travel and three on simulated travel. CONCLUSIONS:We found no literature pertaining to the management of travel fatigue. Evidence for the successful management of jet lag in athletes was of low quality. More f...
Lever, JR, Murphy, AP, Duffield, R & Fullagar, HHK 2020, 'A Combined Sleep Hygiene and Mindfulness Intervention to Improve Sleep and Well-Being During High-Performance Youth Tennis Tournaments.', International journal of sports physiology and performance, pp. 1-9.View/Download from: Publisher's site
PURPOSE:To investigate the effects of combined sleep hygiene recommendations and mindfulness on actigraphy-based sleep parameters, perceptual well-being, anxiety, and match outcomes during high-performance junior tennis tournaments. METHODS:In a randomized crossover design, 17 high-performance junior tennis players completed the baseline, control, and intervention (INT) conditions across 3 separate weeks. The baseline consisted of unassisted, habitual sleep during a regular training week, and the control was unassisted sleep during a tournament week. The players attended a sleep education workshop and completed a nightly sleep hygiene protocol during a tournament week for the INT. Analysis was performed on the weekly means and on the night prior to the first match of the tournament (T-1). RESULTS:Significant differences were observed for increased time in bed, total sleep time, and an earlier bedtime (P < .05) across the INT week. These parameters also significantly improved on T-1 of the INT. A moderate effect size (P > .05, d > 1.00) was evident for decreased worry on T-1 of the INT. Small effect sizes were also evident for improved mood, cognitive anxiety, and sleep rating across the INT week. The match performance outcomes remained unchanged (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS:Sleep hygiene INTs increase the sleep duration of high-performance junior tennis players in tournament settings, including the night prior to the tournament's first match. The effects on perceptual well-being and anxiety are unclear, although small trends suggest improved mood, despite no effect on generic match performance outcomes.
Weakley, JJS, Read, DB, Fullagar, HHK, Ramirez-Lopez, C, Jones, B, Cummins, C & Sampson, JA 2020, '"How Am I Going, Coach?"-The Effect of Augmented Feedback During Small-Sided Games on Locomotor, Physiological, and Perceptual Responses.', International journal of sports physiology and performance, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 677-684.View/Download from: Publisher's site
PURPOSE:To investigate whether providing global positioning system feedback to players between bouts of small-sided games (SSGs) can alter locomotor, physiological, and perceptual responses. METHODS:Using a reverse counterbalanced design, 20 male university rugby players received either feedback or no feedback during "off-side" touch rugby SSGs. Eight 5v5, 6 × 4-minute SSGs were played over 4 d. Teams were assigned to a feedback or no-feedback condition (control) each day, with feedback provided during the 2-min between-bouts rest interval. Locomotor, heart rate, and differential rating of perceived exertion of breathlessness and leg-muscle exertion were measured and analyzed using a linear mixed model. Outcomes were reported using effect sizes (ES) and 90% confidence intervals (CI), and then interpreted via magnitude-based decisions. RESULTS:Very likely trivial to unclear differences at all time points were observed in heart rate and differential rating of perceived exertion measures. Possibly to very likely trivial effects were observed between conditions, including total distance (ES = 0.15; 90 CI, -0.03 to 0.34), high-speed distance (ES = -0.07; 90 CI, -0.27 to 0.13), and maximal sprint speed (ES = 0.11; 90% CI, -0.11 to 0.34). All within-bout comparisons showed very likely to unclear differences, apart from possible increases in low-speed distance in bout 2 (ES = 0.23; 90% CI, 0.01 to 0.46) and maximal sprint speed in bout 4 (ES = 0.21; 90% CI, -0.04 to 0.45). CONCLUSIONS:In this study, verbal feedback did not alter locomotor, physiological, or perceptual responses in rugby players during SSGs. This may be due to contextual factors (eg, opposition) or the type (ie, distance) or low frequency of feedback provided.
Fullagar, HHK, McCall, A, Impellizzeri, FM, Favero, T & Coutts, AJ 2019, 'The Translation of Sport Science Research to the Field: A Current Opinion and Overview on the Perceptions of Practitioners, Researchers and Coaches', SPORTS MEDICINE, vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 1817-1824.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, Delaney, J, Duffield, R & Murray, A 2019, 'Factors influencing home advantage in American collegiate football', Science and Medicine in Football, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 163-168.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, Harper, L, Govus, A, McCunn, R, Eisenmann, J & McCall, A 2019, 'Practitioner Perceptions of Evidence-Based Practice in Elite Sport in the United States of America', JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 2897-2904.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, Sampson, JA, Delaney, J, McKay, B & Murray, A 2019, 'The relationship between objective measures of sleep and training load across different phases of the season in American collegiate football players', Science and Medicine in Football, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 326-332.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Purpose: Despite the perceived importance of sleep for American collegiate football (ACF) players, particularly given the schooling and athletic expectations for these players, descriptions of the duration and quality of sleep are limited. Thus, this study investigated the relationship between objective measures of sleep and training load across different phases of the ACF season. Methods: 23 ACF players' (21.1 ± 1.2 years; 108.0 ± 20.0 kg). sleep/wake behaviour and daily external training load were assessed using wristwatch actigraphy and accelerometry (PlayerLoadTM [PL]), respectively, for a minimum of 3 nights/days in each phase (Off-season, Camp [Pre-season], In-Season and School). The relationships between each sleep metric and both season phase and external training load were assessed using linear mixed models. Results: Overall, total sleep time was very likely shorter in Camp (−41 ± 13 min, effect size [ES 0.68 ± 0.36[), almost certainly shorter In-Season (−56 ± 14 min, ES 0.93 ± 0.39) and likely shorter in School (−28 ± 15 min, ES 0.46 ± 0.42) compared to the Off-season phase. There was almost certainly a difference in sleep latency during the school phase (ES = 4.67 ± 2.03). Conclusion: These data suggest sleep time is reduced during periods of intensified training in ACF players. Of further concern are the demands placed upon student-athletes during the School phase, where aspects of sleep can be compromised.
Grandou, C, Wallace, L, Fullagar, HHK, Duffield, R & Burley, S 2019, 'The Effects of Sleep Loss on Military Physical Performance.', Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 1159-1172.View/Download from: Publisher's site
As part of both training and active service, military members can be exposed to prolonged periods of sleep loss. Given the extent of physical and cognitive performances viewed as critical to successful military performance, such sleep disruption may present risk to health and performance. The primary aim of this narrative review was to investigate evidence on the effect of inadequate sleep on measures of aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, muscular strength and muscular endurance in military personnel. Sleep loss appears to have the greatest negative impact on aerobic capacity, muscular endurance and military-specific performance in military populations. The findings showed varied results for handgrip strength and anaerobic capacity, with sleep loss inducing a decrease in mean power of the upper body. In comparison to other measures of performance, lower-body muscular strength appeared to be resilient to sleep restriction. However, due to the limited evidence and inter-individual variability in results there is no clear consensus on the specific volume of sleep loss that induces significant or meaningful performance decrements. The difficulties of conducting well-designed and -controlled interventions in military populations are appreciated. However, due to the low quality of reporting and lack of control for confounders (i.e. physical activity, load carriage, prior sleep debt, motivation and energy intake) in the majority of studies, it is difficult to establish the relationship between sleep loss and physical performance in military populations.
Sampson, JA, Murray, A, Williams, S, Sullivan, A & Fullagar, HHK 2019, 'SUBJECTIVE WELLNESS, ACUTE: CHRONIC WORKLOADS, AND INJURY RISK IN COLLEGE FOOTBALL', JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 3367-3373.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Govus, AD, Coutts, A, Duffield, R, Murray, A & Fullagar, H 2018, 'Relationship Between Pretraining Subjective Wellness Measures, Player Load, and Rating-of-Perceived-Exertion Training Load in American College Football.', International journal of sports physiology and performance, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 95-101.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The relationship between pretraining subjective wellness and external and internal training load in American college football is unclear.To examine the relationship of pretraining subjective wellness (sleep quality, muscle soreness, energy, wellness Z score) with player load and session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE-TL) in American college football players.Subjective wellness (measured using 5-point, Likert-scale questionnaires), external load (derived from GPS and accelerometry), and s-RPE-TL were collected during 3 typical training sessions per week for the second half of an American college football season (8 wk). The relationship of pretraining subjective wellness with player load and s-RPE training load was analyzed using linear mixed models with a random intercept for athlete and a random slope for training session. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) denote the effect magnitude.A 1-unit increase in wellness Z score and energy was associated with trivial 2.3% (90% confidence interval [CI] 0.5, 4.2; SMD 0.12) and 2.6% (90% CI 0.1, 5.2; SMD 0.13) increases in player load, respectively. A 1-unit increase in muscle soreness (players felt less sore) corresponded to a trivial 4.4% (90% CI -8.4, -0.3; SMD -0.05) decrease in s-RPE training load.Measuring pretraining subjective wellness may provide information about players' capacity to perform in a training session and could be a key determinant of their response to the imposed training demands American college football. Hence, monitoring subjective wellness may aid in the individualization of training prescription in American college football players.
McCunn, R, Gibson, NV, Fullagar, HHK & Harper, LD 2018, 'Professional youth football academy injury data: collection procedures, perceived value, and use', Science and Medicine in Football, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 141-148.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Murray, A, Fullagar, H, Turner, AP & Sproule, J 2018, 'Recovery practices in Division 1 collegiate athletes in North America.', Physical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine, vol. 32, pp. 67-73.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Establish current practice and attitudes towards recovery in a group of Division-1 Collegiate athletes from North America.A 16-item questionnaire was administered via custom software in an electronic format.152 student athletes from a Division-1 Collegiate school across 3 sports (Basketball, American Football, Soccer).The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition.Sleep, cold water immersion (CWI) and nutrition were perceived to be the most effective modalities (88, 84 and 80% of the sample believed them to have a benefit respectively). Over half the sample did not believe in using compression for recovery. With regard to actual usage, CWI was the most used recovery modality and matched by athletes believing in, and using, the approach (65%). Only 24% of student athletes believed in, and used, sleep as a recovery modality despite it being rated and perceived as the most effective.Collectively, there is a discrepancy between perception and use of recovery modalities in Collegiate athletes.
Murray, A, Fullagar, HHK, Delaney, JA & Sampson, J 2018, 'Bradford Factor and seasonal injury risk in Division I-A collegiate American footballers', Science and Medicine in Football, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 173-176.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Purpose: To investigate if participation in a higher percentage of preseason sessions affects the injury profile within Division I-A American Collegiate and whether the Bradford Factor (BF) is viable for practitioner use.
Methods: A retrospective research design was used. Training load and injury data were collected and analysed for two collegiate American football seasons for 70 players.
Results: A total of 184 injuries were sustained across two seasons with 106 resulting in time loss (15.6 ± 5.4 time loss injuries per 1000 h). On average, athletes completed 93 ± 17% of preseason sessions. For injury likelihood in the following week, an increase in accumulated minutes in 7d increased the injury risk by 35%. For non-contact time-loss injuries, preseason completion showed a reduction in injury likelihood of 2% for additional 3 sessions completed. A high BF in preseason (>7) increases the risk compared to a low BF through the in-season period.
Conclusion: Preseason completion was not associated with a substantial reduction in injury risk in-season. A clear difference in BF between groups was evident and may provide a practical "flagging" variable. The BF may provide a simple but practically meaningful measure to monitor adaptation.
Sampson, JA, Murray, A, Williams, S, Halseth, T, Hanisch, J, Golden, G & Fullagar, HHK 2018, 'Injury risk-workload associations in NCAA American college football', JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN SPORT, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1215-1220.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, Govus, A, Hanisch, J & Murray, A 2017, 'The Time Course of Perceptual Recovery Markers After Match Play in Division I-A College American Football', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1264-1266.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, McCunn, R & Murray, A 2017, 'Updated Review of the Applied Physiology of American College Football: Physical Demands, Strength and Conditioning, Nutrition, and Injury Characteristics of America's Favorite Game.', International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1396-1403.View/Download from: Publisher's site
While there are various avenues for performance improvement in college American football (AF), there is no comprehensive evaluation of the collective array of resources around performance, physical conditioning, and injury and training/game characteristics to guide future research and inform practitioners. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to provide a current examination of these areas in college AF. Recent studies show that there is a wide range of body compositions and strength characteristics between players, which appear to be influenced by playing position, level of play, training history/programming, and time of season. Collectively, game demands may require a combination of upper- and lower-body strength and power production, rapid acceleration (positive and negative), change of direction, high running speed, high-intensity and repetitive collisions, and muscle-strength endurance. These may be affected by the timing of and between-plays and/or coaching style. AF players appear to possess limited nutrition and hydration practices, which may be disadvantageous to performance. AF injuries appear due to a multitude of factors-strength, movement quality, and previous injury-while there is also potential for extrinsic factors such as playing surface type, travel, time of season, playing position, and training load. Future proof-of-concept studies are required to determine the quantification of game demands with regard to game style, type of opposition, and key performance indicators. Moreover, more research is required to understand the efficacy of recovery and nutrition interventions. Finally, the assessment of the relationship between external/internal-load constructs and injury risk is warranted.
Julian, R, Hecksteden, A, Fullagar, HHK & Meyer, T 2017, 'The effects of menstrual cycle phase on physical performance in female soccer players', PLOS ONE, vol. 12, no. 3.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Julian, R, Meyer, T, Fullagar, HHK, Skorski, S, Pfeiffer, M, Kellmann, M, Ferrauti, A & Hecksteden, A 2017, 'INDIVIDUAL PATTERNS IN BLOOD-BORNE INDICATORS OF FATIGUE-TRAIT OR CHANCE', JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 608-619.
McCunn, R, Fullagar, HHK, Williams, S, Halseth, TJ, Sampson, JA & Murray, A 2017, 'The Influence of Playing Experience and Position on Injury Risk in NCAA Division I College Football Players', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1297-1304.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Sampson, JA, Fullagar, HHK & Murray, A 2017, 'Evidence is needed to determine if there is a better way to determine the acute:chronic workload.', British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 621-622.View/Download from: Publisher's site
A series of letters have argued for alternatives to acute:chronic workloads or the methods by which the ratio is calculated when predicting injury risks. Based on the hypothetical data presented by Menaspa,1 Williams et al,2 argue that an exponentially weighted moving average (EMWA) to emphasise the importance of workloads towards the end of the calculation cycle may be more appropriate. A case is presented in one example (athlete 3) where EWMA calculates a greater injury risk than rolling averages when substantially lower daily loads followed by sharp load increases towards the end of a cycle are observed (athlete 3). Yet, by the same account, using the EWMA calculation in this example may undermine a fundamental concept of training whereby daily variation and purposeful reductions in load are applied to prevent monotony and strain, manage fatigue, avoid overtraining and taper athletes prior to competition.3–5 Such practice can benefit an athlete through reduced levels of accumulative fatigue to allow for recovery, positive physiological adaptation, improved performance and increased fitness,6 responses which may actually protect against injury.7 The argument presented herein against EWMA to determine acute:chronic workloads is based on assumption; however, as pointed out by Drew et al,8 there is currently no evidence to suggest one method is any better than another.
Fullagar, H, Skorski, S, Duffield, R & Meyer, T 2016, 'The effect of an acute sleep hygiene strategy following a late-night soccer match on recovery of players', CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 490-505.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HH, Skorski, S, Duffield, R, Julian, R, Bartlett, J & Meyer, T 2016, 'Impaired sleep and recovery after night matches in elite football players.', Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 34, no. 14, pp. 1333-1339.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Despite the perceived importance of sleep for elite footballers, descriptions of the duration and quality of sleep, especially following match play, are limited. Moreover, recovery responses following sleep loss remain unclear. Accordingly, the present study examined the subjective sleep and recovery responses of elite footballers across training days (TD) and both day and night matches (DM and NM). Sixteen top division European players from three clubs completed a subjective online questionnaire twice a day for 21 days during the season. Subjective recall of sleep variables (duration, onset latency, time of wake/sleep, wake episode duration), a range of perceptual variables related to recovery, mood, performance and internal training loads and non-exercise stressors were collected. Players reported significantly reduced sleep durations for NM compared to DM (-157 min) and TD (-181 min). In addition, sleep restfulness (SR; arbitrary scale 1 = very restful, 5 = not at all restful) and perceived recovery (PR; acute recovery and stress scale 0 = not recovered at all, 6 = fully recovered) were significantly poorer following NM than both TD (SR: +2.0, PR: -2.6), and DM (SR: +1.5; PR: -1.5). These results suggest that reduced sleep quantity and quality and reduced PR are mainly evident following NM in elite players.
Fullagar, HHK & Bartlett, JD 2016, 'Time to wake up: individualising the approach to sleep promotion interventions', BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 143-144.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, Duffield, R, Skorski, S, White, D, Bloomfield, J, Koelling, S & Meyer, T 2016, 'Sleep, Travel, and Recovery Responses of National Footballers During and After Long-Haul International Air Travel', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 86-95.View/Download from: Publisher's site
McCunn, R, aus der Fünten, K, Fullagar, HHK, McKeown, I & Meyer, T 2016, 'Reliability and Association with Injury of Movement Screens: A Critical Review', Sports Medicine, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 763-781.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Subjective assessment of athletes' movement quality is widely used by physiotherapists and other applied practitioners within many sports. One of the beliefs driving this practice is that individuals who display 'poor' movement patterns are more likely to suffer an injury than those who do not. The aim of this review was to summarize the reliability of the movement screens currently documented within the scientific literature and explore the evidence surrounding their association with injury risk. Ten assessments with accompanying reliability data were identified through the literature search. Only two of these ten had any evidence directly related to injury risk. A number of methodological issues were present throughout the identified studies, including small sample sizes, lack of descriptive rater or participant information, ambiguous injury definitions, lack of exposure time reporting and risk of bias. These factors, combined with the paucity of research on this topic, make drawing conclusions as to the reliability and predictive ability of movement screens difficult. None of the movement screens that appear within the scientific literature currently have enough evidence to justify the tag of 'injury prediction tool'.
Fullagar, HHK, Duffield, R, Skorski, S, Coutts, AJ, Julian, R & Meyer, T 2015, 'Sleep and Recovery in Team Sport: Current Sleep-Related Issues Facing Professional Team-Sport Athletes', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 950-957.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, Sampson, JA, Mott, BJ, Burdon, CA, Taylor, NAS & Groeller, H 2015, 'Employment Standards for Australian Urban Firefighters Part 4: Physical Aptitude Tests and Standards', JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1092-1097.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Fullagar, HHK, Skorski, S, Duffield, R, Hammes, D, Coutts, AJ & Meyer, T 2015, 'Sleep and Athletic Performance: The Effects of Sleep Loss on Exercise Performance, and Physiological and Cognitive Responses to Exercise', SPORTS MEDICINE, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 161-186.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Groeller, H, Fullagar, HHK, Sampson, JA, Mott, BJ & Taylor, NAS 2015, 'Employment Standards for Australian Urban Firefighters Part 3: The Transition From Criterion Task to Test', JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1083-1091.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Sampson, JA, Fullagar, HHK & Gabbett, T 2015, 'Knowledge of bout duration influences pacing strategies during small-sided games', JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 85-98.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Taylor, NAS, Fullagar, HHK, Mott, BJ, Sampson, JA & Groeller, H 2015, 'Employment Standards for Australian Urban Firefighters Part 1: The Essential, Physically Demanding Tasks', JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1063-1071.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Taylor, NAS, Fullagar, HHK, Sampson, JA, Notley, SR, Burley, SD, Lee, DS & Groeller, H 2015, 'Employment Standards for Australian Urban Firefighters Part 2: The Physiological Demands and the Criterion Tasks', JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1072-1082.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Meyer, T, Wegmann, M, Poppendieck, W & Fullagar, HHK 2014, 'Regenerative interventions in professional football', Sport-Orthopadie - Sport-Traumatologie, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 112-118.View/Download from: Publisher's site
To alleviate acute fatigue after strenuous football training sessions or matches several potentially recovery-enhancing methods and tools are available: cooling/water immersion, sleep, nutrition, active recovery, massage, and other modalities. Although limited scientific evidence is available, there are indications for cooling by cold water immersion and appropriate nutrition to be effective, whereas theoretical reasons suggest the application of active recovery and sleep interventions (take care for sufficient quantity and quality of sleep, employing measures of sleep hygiene) could enhance the recovery process. Even in the absence of solid experimental evidence, the placebo effect of many methods might be worth using as long as relevant side effects can be ruled out. © 2014.
Fullagar, H 2019, 'All in a good night's sleep: recovery and travel implications for sporting populations', German Exercise Science & Training Conference - GEST19, University of Würzburg, Germany.
Fullagar, H 2019, 'Effects of domestic and international travel on sleep and performance: implications for elite team sport athletes', Biometrics in Sport Conference, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Fullagar, H 2019, 'Sleep and sport symposium; travel implications for sleep and recovery in team sport athletes', Australian Sleep Association, Sleep Down Under Conference, Sydney, Australia.
Read, D & Fullagar, H 2019, 'Giving live GPS feedback ot athletes: does it later locomotor performance during small-sided games?', World Congress of Science and Football, Melbourne, Australia.
Veith, S & Fullagar, H 2019, 'Sleep quality following long-haul flight in elite academy football players – a case study', World Congress of Science and Football, Melbourne, Australia.
Fullagar, H 2018, 'Better sleep for better performance: The role of sleep in elite sport', 31st congress of the International Conference of Clinical Neurophysiology, Washington DC, United States.
Fullagar, H 2018, 'The relationship between objective measures of sleep and training load across different stages of the season in American Collegiate Football Players', 23rd annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Dublin, Ireland.
Bartlett, J & Fullagar, H 2016, 'A comparison of sleep characteristics during weekly in-season competition vs pre-season training in Australian Rules Footballers', 21st annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Vienna, Austria.
Fullagar, H 2015, 'Sleep, travel and recovery of elite footballers during and following long-haul international air travel', World Congress of Science and Football, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Fullagar, H 2015, 'The effect of a sleep hygiene protocol on physical recovery following a late-night match in football players', 20th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Malmo, Sweden.
Fullagar, H 2015, 'The effect of travel and match play on sleep in national footballers', Football Medicine for Player Care Conference, London, United Kingdom.
Fullagar, H 2014, 'Reproducibility of blood-borne parameters of fatigue and recovery in elite athletes', 19th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Fullagar, H 2014, 'Reproducibility of blood-borne parameters of fatigue and recovery in elite athletes', 45th Annual Deutscher Sportartcongress, Frankfurt, Germany.
Julian, R & Fullagar, H 2014, 'Individual patterns in blood-borne indicators of fatigue – solutions for practice', 19th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Caldwell, J & Fullagar, H 2013, 'Exploring the interactions of core and local skin temperatures on skin blood flow from a three-dimensional perspective', Fifteenth International Conference on Environmental Ergonomics, Queenstown, New Zealand.
Fullagar, H 2012, 'The physiological and physical demands of contemporary fire fighting: simulations performed by operational fire fighters', Physiological and physical employment standards I. Proceedings of the First Australian Conference on Physiological and Physical Employment Standards, Canberra, Australia.
Groeller, H & Fullagar, H 2012, 'Recommended screening tests for contemporary firefighters', Proceedings of the First Australian Conference on Physiological and Physical Employment Standards, Canberra, Australia.
Notley, S & Fullagar, H 2012, 'Observations on the predictive utility of heart rate and minute ventilation for estimating the metabolic cost of work', Proceedings of the First Australian Conference on Physiological and Physical Employment Standards, Canberra, Australia.
Taylor, N & Fullagar, H 2012, 'The physically demanding and critical tasks performed by permanent and retained firefighters', Physiological and physical employment standards I. Proceedings of the First Australian Conference on Physiological and Physical Employment Standards, Canberra, Australia.
Notley, S & Fullagar, H 2011, 'Heart rate predictions of whole-body metabolic rates: limitations under controlled laboratory conditions', Defence Human Sciences Symposium, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Sampson, J & Fullagar, H Human Performance Laboratories 2013, Physiological employment standards for firefighters : Report 4. Recommended physiological employment standards for the firefighters of Fire and Rescue NSW, University of Wollongong, Australia.
Groeller, H & Fullagar, H Human Performance Laboratories 2012, Recommended screening tests for contemporary firefighters: The third step to developing bona fide physical employment standards for Fire and Rescue NSW, University of Wollongong, Australia.
Notley, S & Fullagar, H Human Performance Laboratories 2012, Exploring the metabolic, thermal and exercise mode determinants of the heart rate, ventilation and oxygen consumption relationships during exercise, University of Wollongong, Australia.
Taylor, N & Fullagar, H Human Performance Laboratories 2012, The physical demands of contemporary fire fighting: The second step to developing bona fide physical employment standards for Fire and Rescue NSW, University of Wollongong, Australia.
Taylor, N & Fullagar, H Human Performance Laboratories 2011, The essential and physically demanding tasks of fire fighting: The first step to developing bona fide physical employment standards for Fire and Rescue NSW, University of Wollongong, Australia.