Onyx, J.A., Darcy, S., Grabowski, S., Green, J. & Maxwell, H. 2018, 'Researching the social impact of arts and disability: Applying a new empirical tool and method', Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This paper has a twofold focus: to establish a method of assessing the potential social impact of arts and disability projects and to apply this method to ten such projects. It does so by using a newly developed 'ripple' model that conceptualises social impact in terms of the development of active citizenship on the part of all participants over time. The model identifies ten factors (programme activity, welcoming, belonging, programme social values, individual social values, programme networks, individual networks, skills and creativity, programme wider social impact, and individual wider social impact) which evolve through four progressive stages. The original model is empirically adapted for application to arts and disability projects. Qualitative data were collected in the form of interviews, surveys and media reports across ten case studies, each representing a major arts and disability project offering a professional outcome for an external audience. The qualitative data were coded to provide a simple scoring tool for each case. The results support the application of the model in this context. Furthermore, findings indicate three critical conditions which enable projects to generate considerable positive social impact beyond the individual; ensemble in nature; project embeddedness; and networks and partnerships.
Maxwell, H., Stronach, M., Adair, D. & Pearce, S. 2017, 'Indigenous Australian women and sport: Findings and recommendations from a parliamentary inquiry', Sport in Society, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 1500-1529.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Researchers have consistently pointed to positive links between
sport, physical activity, health and wellbeing amongst marginalized
population groups. This paper concentrates on a group about which
little is presently known in terms of these links - Indigenous women
in Australia. The catalyst for this focus is twofold: demographic data
that, while sparse, suggests that this group has very low levels of
participation in sport and associated physical activity; and second,
a recent parliamentary inquiry into Indigenous sport in which the
participation of women featured in several submissions. Both data sets
confirm that Indigenous women are significantly underrepresented in
the Australian sporting landscape. There is no systematic knowledge
about why this is so. The present study contributes to that small
body of literature by considering (a) evidence about participation
rates of Indigenous women in sport; and (b) the aspirations of sport
organizations to attract Indigenous women into their programs.
Darcy, S.A., Maxwell, H & Green, J. 2017, 'I've Got a Mobile Phone Too! Hard and Soft Assistive Technology Customisation and Supportive Call Centres For People with Disability', Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 341-351.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to examine the use of a mobile technology platform, software customization and technical support services by people with disability. The disability experience is framed through the participants' use of the technology, their social participation. Method: A qualitative and interpretive research design was employed using a three-stage process of observation and semi-structured interviews of people with disability, a significant other and their service provider. Transcripts were analyzed to examine the research questions through the theoretical framework of PHAATE – Policy, Human, Activity, Assistance and Technology and Environment. Results: The analysis revealed three emergent themes: 1. Engagement and activity; 2. Training, support and customization; and 3. Enablers, barriers and attitudes. Conclusions: The findings indicate that for the majority of users, the mobile technology increased the participants' communication and social participation. However, this was not true for all members of the pilot with variations due to disability type, support needs and availability of support services. Most participants, significant others and service providers identified improvements in confidence, security, safety and independence of those involved. Yet, the actions and attitudes of some of the significant others and service providers acted as a constraint to the adoption of the technology.
Implications for Rehabilitation
Customized mobile technology can operate as assistive technology providing a distinct benefit in terms of promoting disability citizenship.
Mobile technology used in conjunction with a supportive call centre can lead to improvements in confidence, safety and independence for people experiencing disability.
Training and support are critical in increasing independent use of mobile technology for people with disability.
The enjoyment, development of skills and empowerment gained through the use of mobile technology fa...
Stronach, M., Maxwell, H. & Taylor, T. 2016, ''Sistas' and Aunties: sport, physical activity, and Indigenous Australian women', Annals of Leisure Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 7-26.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2015 Australia and New Zealand Association of Leisure Studies. Indigenous women have alarmingly low rates of participation in organized sport and physical activity (PA) in contemporary Australian society. To gain a better contextual and cultural understanding of the issues involved, we discussed the life experiences and the place of sport and PA with 22 Indigenous women. The research was guided by a culturally appropriate interpretative qualitative methodology. A complex amalgamation of cultural beliefs and traditions, history, gendered factors, and geography are presented in the women's stories. Sport and PA were highly regarded, providing the women with opportunities to maintain strong communities, preserve culture, and develop distinct identities as 'enablers'. The women called for culturally safe spaces in which to engage in PA and noted the need for Indigenous females to act as role models. The study provides preliminary understandings that can be used to facilitate greater sport and PA inclusion, and implications for future research are presented.
Darcy, S., Maxwell, H. & Green, J. 2016, 'Disability citizenship and independence through mobile technology? A study exploring adoption and use of a mobile technology platform', DISABILITY & SOCIETY, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 497-519.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Maxwell, H., Foley, C., Taylor, T. & Burton, C. 2015, 'The development of female Muslim life-savers', SPORT MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 139-151.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Edwards, M., Onyx, J., Maxwell, H., Darcy, S., Bullen, P. & Sherker, S. 2015, 'A Conceptual Model of Social Impact as Active Citizenship', Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1529-1549.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Participation in Civil Society Organizations (CSO) draws on and enriches social, cultural, and human capital. Social impacts of such participation as active citizenship are systemic and 'ripple' far beyond the immediate program outputs and outcomes. CSOs and the third sector as a whole must demonstrate and gage the difference they make in the social life of the broader community. This research offers a new approach to conceptualize CSO social impacts through an empirically derived model that accounts for the impacts of active citizenship for individuals, organizations, and the broader community. A conceptual model of systemic social impact is presented as it was developed through an exploratory study of a large Australian CSO using an abductive methodology combining focus groups and a survey. Considering the potential of the model that could account for impacts beyond program outputs and outcomes, we propose several propositions for future testing the conceptual model.
Equality of opportunity is an ideal not always realized in community sport settings. This research explores if the symbolic notion of a 'fair go' can be enabled, and if so how participation opportunities can be enabled in community sport programme design to accommodate the variety of needs found in diverse population groups. We answer the research question, how is social inclusion interpreted in the mechanisms that support and sustain locally based community sport programmes? Using a mixed methodology, multiple case study approach, in the setting of an iconic Australian Civil Society Organization, programmes designed to engage recent migrants or refugees unfamiliar with Australian surf conditions and people with disabilities are analysed. Programmes were analysed using Bailey's social inclusion framework, encompassing spatial, relational, functional and power dimensions. Through comparative analysis, fundamental practices that allowed sustained implementation of socially inclusive programmes are identified. Additionally, the framework draws out the elements of the programmes that could be improved.
Darcy, S., Maxwell, H., Edwards, M., Onyx, J. & Sherker, S. 2014, 'More than a sport and volunteer organisation: Investigating social capital development in a sporting organisation', Sport Management Review, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 395-406.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This paper presents the findings of a study that examines the development of social capital within an Australian sporting organisation, Surf Life Saving Australia (SLSA). The study draws on the social capital literature across the not-for-profit sector and specific sport management social capital research. The research design incorporated an interpretive approach with data collected nationally from eight focus groups with key SLSA staff, board members and 'toes in the sand' volunteers. The findings provide fresh insights into the development and understanding of social capital within a sporting organisation. Both bonding and bridging were important social capital outcomes of the organisation's activities, albeit with important implications for antecedents and process. The data presented strong evidence for arguing that within the organisation bonding within the club comes first, which importantly provides a very strong sense of belonging and mutual support for club members, from volunteers through to the board. The strength of bonding provides a powerful base for subsequent bridging capital to the local, regional and national stakeholder communities that are associated with the organisation. Further, social capital develops in both the collective and individual, with leveraging of individual skills contributing to human capital development, which is closely connected to and inseparable from social capital. The paper concludes by discussing the theoretical implications for social capital generally and social capital in a sporting context.
Maxwell, H., Foley, C.T., Taylor, T.L. & Burton, C. 2013, 'Social Inclusion in Community Sport: A Case Study of Muslim Women in Australia', Journal of Sport Management, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 467-481.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This paper considers how organizational practices facilitate and inhibit the social inclusion of Muslim women in a community sport setting. A case study of social inclusion practices in an Australian community sport organization (CSO) was built through interviews, focus groups, secondary data, and documentary evidence. Drawing on the work of Bailey (2005, 2008) the analysis employed a social inclusion framework comprised of spatial, functional, relational, and power dimensions. Findings indicated that there are a range of practices which facilitate social inclusion. Paradoxically, some of the practices that contributed to social inclusion at the club for Muslim women resulted in social exclusion for non-Muslim women. Examining each practice from multiple perspectives provided by the social inclusion framework allowed a thorough analysis to be made of the significance of each practice to the social inclusion of Muslim women at the club. Implications for social inclusion research and sport management practice are discussed
Edwards, M., Onyx, J., Maxwell, H. & Darcy, S.A. 2012, 'Meso level Social Impact: Meaningful Indicators of Community Contribution', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 18-37.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Social impact measures are not widely agreed, nor implemented by third sector organisations. Meso level indicators of social impact are underdeveloped. Financialised methods such as Social Return on Investment can only account for direct outcomes of defined programs and activities. The broader societal impacts of any such activities are undervalued. This paper outlines the findings of a grounded theoretical approach to determining measures of social impact within a large Australian iconic third sector organisation. Several key factors revealed in this study are discussed in regards to their potential for attributing social impact to organisational activities outside of a program specific outcome. Based on these findings the paper concludes that the development of a tool to measure meso level organisational social impact of third sector organisations may be attainable.
Maxwell, H. & Taylor, T.L. 2010, 'A culture of trust: Engaging Muslim women in community sport organizations', European Sport Management Quarterly, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 465-483.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This article examines the impetus for, and process of, engaging Muslim women in community sport. The research focuses on how and why a community sport organization, located in a large Australian city, embraced cultural change and developed a more inclusi
Foley, C.T., Taylor, T.L. & Maxwell, H. 2011, 'Gender and cultural diversity in Australian sport' in Long, J. & Spracklen, K. (eds), Sport and challenges to racism, Palgrave MacMillan, UK, pp. 167-182.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Maxwell, H., Taylor, T.L. & Foley, C.T. 2011, 'Social inclusion of muslim women in Australian community sport' in Long, J., Fitzergerald, H. & Millward, P. (eds), Delivering Equality in Sport and Leisure, Leisure Studies Association, Eastbourne UK, pp. 15-33.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The social and community building potential of sport has been highlighted by social policy makers and academics both in Australia and overseas (Australian Sports Commission, 2006; Coalter, 2007; Collins and Kay. 2003; Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, 2007; Jarvie, 2003; Nicholson and Hoye, 2008; Rojek, 2005). There is a "presumption that sport can help to address the multifaceted aspects of social exclusion (e.g. reduce crime, increase employability, improve health) and contribute to community development and social cohesion" (Coalter. 2007: p. 19). In ethno culturally diverse societies such as Australia, with a vast array of ancestral identities. languages, and religions, sport has been strategically deployed to overcome the challenges of social exclusion and marginalisation among minority ethnic groups.