Valiente, G., Sanchez-Velasco, A., Rodriguez-Casellas, M. & Valiente Oriol, J. 2017, 'Post-liberal Valparaíso: 272 political postcards', ARQ, vol. 97, no. Value, pp. 112-119.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Within the framework of the XX Biennial
of Architecture and Urbanism of Chile,
the question about Valparaíso's heritage
could not be postponed. This installation,
designed in Australia, delivers an
unprecedented response: a new social
contract which, based on a land-trust
and a new 'city-brand,' takes advantage
of the bohemian character of the port
to exacerbate otherness and, ultimately,
generate a parallel State.
The Plant is a term that refers to the ensemble of human, animal and technological actors involved in the tradition of moving stock across large and linear sections of territory. These paths known as Stock Routes trace the ancestral necessity to access pasture and water.
The technological revolution boosted by the post-fordist structures of production/consumption have transformed transport, communication and management technologies expanding the scalar and operational shape of stock routes across the globe. Shifting from a territorial to a planetary scale, linear and seasonal distribution of stock across time and territory operate now through 24/7 and 'single-season' operation logics. Trains, trucks, vessels, drones, cattle crushes, refrigerated chambers and supermarket trolleys are part of a broad and 'machinic constellation' of technologies that allow us to track an atomized 'Global Plant'.
A Cattle Crush is a technology that immobilizes cattle so that the animal can be safely and efficiently maneuvered. From the pre-industrial French device 'travail'(work), traditionally displayed as a public infrastructure, to the contemporary cattle crush, the design has evolved to adapt to current forms of mass production. Transportable, resistant, electronic, efficient, individualized, attachable, and 'invisibilized' from the everyday realm, the Crush distills the clues to unveil the immaterial infrastructure of the 'Global Plant'.
The Installation is a synecdoche. It is a selection of deconstructed technologies: Twenty foldable polyester 'Merino Chairs', a Cattle crush on wheels dressed up as a 'media machine' and a traveling cow-table called 'Margarita' (Daisy in Spanish). It is a performative staging set that contrasts pastoral and industrial imaginaries of rural landscapes.
'The Plant' is a transitory parliament that invites experts and general public to debate about the necessity of weaving new official narratives about the relation between humans, non-humans, technol...
'Transhumance' (Multi-scale Strategies to Reactivate Transhumance in Spain) is a proposed architectural project that speculates about the possibilities of re-articulating traditional forms of territorial management to find new potentials in the contemporary manifestation of the Transhumance. Specifically, the project aims to reverse the impact that paradigmatic changes in agricultural production are inflicting on different levels of the Spanish cultural landscape.
Transhumance stands as a representation of knowledge gathered from a millennium of territorial management and animal husbandry. The practice of Transhumance is a form of semi-nomadic shepherding specific to the Iberian Peninsula that originated with the domestication of merino sheep along the Guadalquivir River. Initially, the shepherds followed the original migration patterns of the wild animals; developing agricultural techniques through observation of existing ecosystemic actions. Through centuries of evolution, the practice grew in both complexity and effect as the movement of millions of herds physically changed the ecologies, and culturally transformed the landscapes that they crossed. These paths still form a network of longitudinal public spaces that function as ecological corridors, and provide fluid systems that connect different landscape units, as well as reduce habitat fragmentation, desertification, erosion and fire risk.
Today the Transhumance agricultural practice is at risk of disappearing. The marginalization of this profession within contemporary Spain has discouraged a continuation of its uptake within the Transhumant families and communities, and subsequently led to a reduced transference of knowledge and skills specific to the profession. Further, the invisible nature of its role in the maintenance of ecosystems has left its agency largely unrecognized within the greater context of environmental practices. 'Multi-scale Strategies to Reactivate Transhumance in Spain' is an archi...
Valiente, G., Sanchez-Velasco, A., Valiente oriol, J. & Rodriguez Casellas, M., 'Valparaiso Post-Liberal', XX Chilean Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism, Metales Pesados, Parque Cultural de Valparaiso.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
272 Political postcards printed in Metallic paper. A bureaucrat desk painted in gold and shot by a Chilean Investigations Policeman. 7 sqm of gloden reflective PVC floor and a 150x30 cm sky blue neon sign.