McIntyre, E, Saliba, AJ, Wiener, KKK & Bishop, FL 2019, 'Predicting the intention to use herbal medicines for anxiety symptoms: a model of health behaviour.', Journal of Mental Health, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 589-596.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Anxiety is a prevalent mental health condition in the Western world. Adults experiencing anxiety have been found to use a range of herbal medicines to manage anxiety symptoms.This study aimed to test a theoretical model based on the theory of planned behaviour that predicted the intention to use herbal medicines for anxiety symptoms, and to identify individual predictors of intention.An online survey was conducted with Australian adults who experienced anxiety and used herbal medicines (N = 400). A two-step approach to structural equation modelling was used to test a path model predicting the intention to use herbal medicines.The model was found to be well-fitting. Attitude, subjective norms, control beliefs and severity of anxiety symptoms each significantly positively predicted intention to use herbal medicines for anxiety symptoms explaining 56% of the variance.The results suggest that mental health practitioners and policy makers need to ensure people experiencing anxiety have access to accurate and reliable information about herbal medicines to ensure they can effectively manage anxiety symptoms and safely engage in self-care.
Bishop, FL, Lauche, R, Cramer, H, Pinto, JW, Leung, B, Hall, H, Leach, M, Chung, VC, Sundberg, T, Zhang, Y, Steel, A, Ward, L, Sibbritt, D & Adams, J 2019, 'Health Behavior Change and Complementary Medicine Use: National Health Interview Survey 2012.', Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), vol. 55, no. 10.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Background and objectives: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been associated with preventive health behaviors. However, the role of CAM use in patients' health behaviors remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the extent to which patients report that CAM use motivates them to make changes to their health behaviors. Materials and Methods: This secondary analysis of 2012 National Health Interview Survey data involved 10,201 CAM users living in the United States who identified up to three CAM therapies most important to their health. Analyses assessed the extent to which participants reported that their CAM use motivated positive health behavior changes, specifically: eating healthier, eating more organic foods, cutting back/stopping drinking alcohol, cutting back/quitting smoking cigarettes, and/or exercising more regularly. Results: Overall, 45.4% of CAM users reported being motivated by CAM to make positive health behavior changes, including exercising more regularly (34.9%), eating healthier (31.4%), eating more organic foods (17.2%), reducing/stopping smoking (16.6% of smokers), or reducing/stopping drinking alcohol (8.7% of drinkers). Individual CAM therapies motivated positive health behavior changes in 22% (massage) to 81% (special diets) of users. People were more likely to report being motivated to change health behaviors if they were: aged 18-64 compared to those aged over 65 years; of female gender; not in a relationship; of Hispanic or Black ethnicity, compared to White; reporting at least college education, compared to people with less than high school education; without health insurance. Conclusions: A sizeable proportion of respondents were motivated by their CAM use to undertake health behavior changes. CAM practices and practitioners could help improve patients' health behavior and have potentially significant implications for public health and preventive medicine initiatives; this warrants further research attention.
Zhang, Y, Dennis, JA, Bishop, FL, Cramer, H, Leach, M, Lauche, R, Sundberg, T, Leung, B, Zhang, AL, Bacon, L, Sibbritt, D & Adams, J 2019, 'Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use by U.S. Adults with Self-Reported Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis: Results from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey.', PM&R, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 1059-1069.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
BACKGROUND:The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies have been reported for the management of arthritis. However, little is known about CAM use among adults with self-reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis. OBJECTIVES:To determine (1) the prevalence and type of CAM use, (2) the difference in characteristics between CAM users and non-CAM users, and (3) the factors related to CAM use, among U.S. adults with self-reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis. DESIGN:Secondary analysis of the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data. SETTING:The NHIS is a cross-sectional survey that gathers health-related data on the civilian, noninstitutionalized U.S. POPULATION: PARTICIPANTS:The NHIS 2012 uses a complex, multistage sampling design and oversamples minorities to achieve population representation; it included 34 525 adults, with 7179 adults having arthritis. METHODS:Data were analyzed using Stata 15.1 survey syntax. The potential factors related to CAM use included sociodemographics and health-related characteristics. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:CAM modalities were categorized into six groups: natural products, manipulative therapies, mind-body therapies, special diets, movement therapies, and other practitioner-based CAM modalities. RESULTS:Of the adults with arthritis, 2428 (weighted estimate of 36.2% of U.S. adult population) had used CAM within the last year. Adults with arthritis reported greater use of CAM than those without, particularly the use of natural products, manipulative therapies and other practitioner-based CAM modalities. Factors associated with higher CAM use included being female, residing in regions other than the U.S. South, having a college degree or higher, reporting very good/excellent self-rated health status, and having current symptoms of joint stiffness/pain. CONCLUSION:As more than one-third of U.S. adults with arthritis seek CAM therapies, open and nonjudgmental conversations between conventional medicine providers, CAM...
Barker, SL, Maguire, N, Bishop, FL & Stopa, L 2018, 'Peer support critical elements and experiences in supporting the homeless: A qualitative study', JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY & APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 213-229.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Harvey, JM, Sibelli, A, Chalder, T, Everitt, H, Moss-Morris, R & Bishop, FL 2018, 'Desperately seeking a cure: Treatment seeking and appraisal in irritable bowel syndrome', BRITISH JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 561-579.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Steel, A, Sundberg, T, Reid, R, Ward, L, Bishop, FL, Leach, M, Cramer, H, Wardle, J & Adams, J 2017, 'Osteopathic manipulative treatment: A systematic review and critical appraisal of comparative effectiveness and health economics research.', Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, vol. 27, pp. 165-175.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
In recent years, evidence has emerged regarding the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatments (OMT). Despite growing evidence in this field, there is need for appropriate research designs that effectively reflect the person-centred system of care promoted in osteopathy and provide data which can inform policy decisions within the healthcare system. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesise the evidence from comparative effectiveness and economic evaluation research involving OMT. A database search was conducted using CINAHL, PubMed, PEDro, AMED, SCOPUS and OSTMED.DR, from their inception to May 2015. Two separate searches were undertaken to identify original research articles encompassing the economic evaluation and comparative effectiveness of OMT. Identified comparative effectives studies were evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and appraised using the Good Reporting of Comparative Effectiveness (GRACE) principles. Identified economic studies were assessed with the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) guidelines. Sixteen studies reporting the findings of comparative effectiveness (n = 9) and economic evaluation (n = 7) research were included. The comparative effectiveness studies reported outcomes for varied health conditions and the majority (n = 6) demonstrated a high risk of bias. The economic evaluations included a range of analyses and considerable differences in the quality of reporting were evident. Despite some positive findings, published comparative effectiveness and health economic studies in OMT are of insufficient quality and quantity to inform policy and practice. High quality, well-designed, research that aligns with international best practice is greatly needed to build a pragmatic evidence base for OMT.
Steel, A, Sundberg, T, Reid, R, Ward, L, Bishop, FL, Leach, M, Cramer, H, Wardle, J & Adams, J 2017, 'Reply to the letter to the editor: 'Systematic review of comparative effectiveness and health economics research relating to osteopathic manipulative treatment'.', Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, vol. 29, pp. e18-e18.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Zhang, Y, Dennis, JA, Leach, MJ, Bishop, FL, Cramer, H, Chung, VCH, Moore, C, Lauche, R, Cook, R, Sibbritt, D & Adams, J 2017, 'Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among US Adults With Headache or Migraine: Results from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey', HEADACHE, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1228-1242.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Zhang, Y, Leach, MJ, Bishop, FL & Leung, B 2016, 'A Comparison of the Characteristics of Acupuncture- and Non-Acupuncture-Preferred Consumers: A Secondary Analysis of NHIS 2012 Data', JOURNAL OF ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 315-322.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site