In the Faculty of Transdisciplinary Innovation, Eng Hwa Yap is the Acting Associate Dean: Teaching and Learning (Operation). He also leads the Bachelor of Technology and Innovation (BTi) as the Course Director. The BTi addresses the future of work at the intersection of technology, creativity and innovation using transdisciplinary knowledge and practices. His research at the university focuses on curated multidisciplinary and mixed approaches of enquiry to understand and respond to complex problems surrounding technology, environmental sustainability, and future energy systems. In his research, Eng Hwa uses methods centring on systems thinking to investigate emerging and contemporary issues in technologies and their interaction with society, the environment, economics, and policy.
Fellow, Higher Education Academy (HEA), UK
Chartered Engineer, Engineering Council (EC), UK
Member, The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE), UK
Professional Technologist, Malaysian Board of Technologists (MBOT), Malaysia
Can supervise: YES
Future and Complex Energy Systems
Systemic Approaches to Environmental Sustainaiblity
Technology and Innovation
Yap, EH 2017, Energy Efficient Buildings, IntechOpen Ltd, London, United Kingdom.
This book discusses energy efficient buildings and the role they play in our efforts to address climate change, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by considering buildings and the construction sector's unique position along a critical path to decarbonisation from a multi-perspective and holistic viewpoint. Topics covered in the book range from daylighting, building topology comparison, building envelope design, zero energy homes in hot arid regions, life-cycle considerations and energy efficiency analysis to managing energy demand through equipment selection. Each chapter addresses an important aspect of energy efficient building and serves as a vital building block towards constructing a timely and relevant body of knowledge in energy efficient buildings.
© 2015 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Applied Engineering Failure Analysis: Theory and Practice provides a point of reference for engineering failure analysis (EFA) cases, presenting a compilation of case studies covering a 35-year period, from the 1970s to 2012. This period spans the era from the time when slide rules were used routinely for engineering calculations, and when hard-copy photographs taken by film cameras were pasted onto typewritten sheets to make reports, to the present time when all these functions have become much less onerous through computer assistance. The cases are drawn from such diverse fields as mechanical engineering, metallurgy, mining, civil/structural engineering, electrical power systems, and radiation damage; the last two topics are quite scarce in current publications. It includes theoretical content that deals with useful topics in basic theory, material properties, failure mechanisms, EFA methodology, and applications. It provides high-quality illustrations throughout, which greatly helps to promote the understanding of the failure characteristics described. This book offers an integrated approach that serves as a useful first reference in the above topics, for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for practicing engineers. The book provides a hands-on approach to EFA, which helps the user to develop an understanding of potential failure situations, to explore the consequences, and to better understand how to solve similar problems; it also helps users to develop their own techniques for most other engineering failure problems. The authors include a section on technical report writing, which will assist failure investigators in getting their findings across. They also present simple engineering calculations that may serve as illustrative examples, and typical problems and solutions are included at the end of each chapter.
Ong, TK, Tshai, KY, Khiew, PS & Yap, EH 2019, 'Thermal and mechanical properties of chemically treated oil palm fiber filled acrylonitrile butadiene styrene composites', Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 240-247.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim In this work, chemical surface treated oil palm fibers, including alkali, maleic and silane pre-treatments are melt blended and hot compression molded with acrylonitrile butadiene styrene into varying compositions of polymer composites. The effectiveness of the chemical pre-treatment and fiber dispersion are analyzed with the aid of Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry and scanning electron microscope while the influences on thermal degradation and mechanical properties of the resulting composites are analyzed through thermal gravimetric analysis and tensile test respectively. Differential thermogravimetric analysis result show that alkali, maleic and silane pre-treatments could lower the onset thermal degradation temperature of oil palm fiber filled acrylonitrile butadiene styrene composites. The tensile test results show that chemically treated oil palm fiber filled acrylonitrile butadiene styrene composites attained enhancement in tensile strength as compared to untreated counterpart. Scanning electron microscopy observations on fracture surfaces of oil palm fiber filled acrylonitrile butadiene styrene composites found that the reinforcing efficiency of chemically treated oil palm fiber could be further increased by improving interfacial bonding between oil palm fiber and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene.
While knowledge of energy security has been thorough and elaborate, understanding energy security within the context of the water-energy-food nexus, where substantial inter-sectoral causes and effects exist, is less established, more so for Malaysia. This paper investigates the impact of two energy scenarios on identified key indicators within the context of the water-energy-food nexus. By utilizing a mixed method of qualitative interview and quantitative system dynamics modelling, representative causal loop diagrams and stock-flow diagrams were constructed to predict and allow for the analysis of behaviors of selected key indicators. Key findings include the importance of allowing a reasonable penetration of 20% renewable energy for the long term, and having a proper consideration for nuclear energy to assist in keeping energy costs low for the mid-term.
Tang, SY, Tan, AHP & Yap, EH 2019, 'Nuclear Penetration for a Deregulated Electricity Market for Malaysia: A Feasibility Analysis using System Dynamics', Global Journal of Engineering & Technology Review, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 9-18.
Liew, V, Tshai, KY, Pang, MM, Yap, EH, Yong, LC & Koay, SC 2018, 'Effects of Expandable Graphite on Flammability, Thermal, and Mechanical Performance of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Reinforced Composite', Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 2211-2223.
Tan, AHP, Tshai, KY, Ho, J-H & Yap, EH 2018, 'A Conceptual Framework for Assessing Malaysia’s Water, Energy and Food (WEF) Security Nexus', Advanced Science Letters, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 8822-8825.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Wong, VK, Ho, JH, Yap, EH & Chai, AB 2018, 'Dynamics of a piezoelectric energy harvester in a simulated rain environment', Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, vol. 232, no. 15, pp. 2642-2654.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Rain impact energy harvesting has proven to be a feasible and potent source of alternative energy. This paper presents the development of a dynamical model for rain impact energy harvester using a piezoelectric beam in simulated rain environment. Most of the conducted works in literature were based on single droplet impact with fixed height and drop position. The main contribution of this paper is to extend the single droplet impact dynamical model by incorporating random drop sizes and drop positions. In this work, a rain simulator is used to generate artificial rain of different rain rates. Following our previous works, the water accumulation on the piezoelectric beam is modeled using added mass coefficient, and impact coefficient is integrated into the dynamical model to describe the post-impact dynamics of the droplet impact. The stochastic nature of the artificial rain is described using rain rate and drop size distribution. Two random number generators are integrated into the model, which are lognormally and uniformly distributed, to generate random numbers for droplet diameter and drop position respectively. The accuracy of the theoretical model is validated experimentally by considering four different rain rates.
Choi, G & Yap, EH 2017, 'Future Powering Options for Container Vessels', ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 3373-3380.
Ong, PY, Chin, CMM & Yap, EH 2016, 'Reviewing Malaysia’s Renewable Energy Policies: A Management Framework Perspective', Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 448-452.
Tshai, KY, Yap, EH & Wong, TL 2016, 'The Effects of Weight Fraction on Mechanical Behaviour of Thermoset Palm EFB Composite', International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 232-236.
Chen, KF, Ho, JH & Yap, EH 2015, 'Piezoelectric Approach on Harvesting Acoustic Energy', Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 563-569.
Lee, HY & Yap, EH 2015, 'The Step Forward: Options for the Displacement of Power Generation from Oil and Gas in Malaysia Using a System Dynamics Approach', Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 438-444.
Tan, BS & Yap, EH 2015, 'Sustainable Growth of the Commercial Aviation Industry in Malaysia Using a System Dynamics Approach', Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 1150-1161.
Wong, VK, Ho, JH & Yap, EH 2015, 'Dynamics of a Piezoelectric Beam Subjected to Water Droplet Impact with Water Layer Formed on the Surface', Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 2170-2180.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Lim, SW, Chen, KF & Yap, EH 2014, 'System Dynamics of Electric Cars (EC) Usage and Support Infrastructure in Malaysia', Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 627, pp. 342-346.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Tan, AHP, Chen, KF & Yap, EH 2014, 'System Dynamics of a Marine Renewable Energy Scheme (MRE) for Malaysia', Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 627, pp. 318-322.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Tshai, KY, Ho, JH, Yap, EH & Ng, HK 2014, 'Outcome-Based Education – The Assessment of Programme Educational Outcomes for an Engineering Undergraduate Degree', Engineering Education.
Lai, NYG, Aw, KH, Lee, CW & Yap, EH 2013, 'Public choice of carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a climate change mitigation technology: The case for Malaysia and selected developed economies', Energy Education Science and Technology Part B Social and Educational Studies, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 433-446.
Chin, CMM, Spowage, AC & Yap, EH 2012, 'Project Management Methodologies: A Comparative Analysis Participation', Journal for the Advancement of Performance Information & Value, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 106-118.
Qua, HC, Wong, KC, Ho, JH, Yap, EH & Tan, CS 2012, 'Corrosion of Boiler Tubes in a Palm Oil Mill', Journal of Oil Palm Research, vol. 24, pp. 1353-1360.
Chin, CMM, Spowage, AC, Yap, EH & Lee, CW 2011, 'Developing a Project Management Methodology for use in Doctoral Research Project', Journal of Institutional Research South East Asia, vol. 9, no. 1.
Chin, CMM, Yap, EH & Spowage, AC 2011, 'Developing and Evaluating a Project Management Methodology for University-Industry Collaborative Project', Product : Management & Development, vol. 9, no. 2.
Chin, CMM, Yap, EH & Spowage, AC 2011, 'Project Management Methodology for University-Industry Collaborative Project', Review of International Comparative Management, vol. 12, no. 5.
Lai, NYG, Yap, EH & Lee, CW 2011, 'Viability of CCS: A broad-based assessment for Malaysia, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews', Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 3608-3616.
Chin, CMM, Yap, EH & Spowage, AC 2010, 'Reviewing Leading Project Management Practices', PM World Today eJournal, vol. XII, no. XI.
Sakundarini, N, Riwayat, NS, Chin, CMM & Yap, EH 2019, 'Component Recovereability Analysis in Product Design using System Dynamics Modelling' in Hu, AH, Matsumoto, M, Kuo, TC & Smith, S (eds), Technologies and Eco-innovation towards Sustainability I: Eco Design of Products and Services, Springer, Singapore.
Lee, DTL, Tan, AHP, Yap, EH & Tshai, KY 2018, 'Deregulating the Electricity Market for the Peninsula Malaysian Grid Using a System Dynamics Approach', International Conference on Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications, Springer, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 164-188.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Competition among power producers is minimal in the current Peninsula Malaysia’s electricity market structure as it only happens during the proposal stage to build new power plants. Therefore, electricity generation is over-dependent on current national gas reserves and the importation of cheap coal from Indonesia to keep tariffs low as there is minimal competition among power producers. However, this is not a suitable long term and environmental-friendly solution as it increases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (GHG) emission. Hence, this research utilises system dynamics method to study the effects of a single buyer model (SBM) transitioning into a wholesale competition market, and to propose a framework to deregulate Peninsula Malaysia’s electricity market. Results have shown that tariffs for end consumers are lower in the wholesale competitive market than the current SBM market even after incorporating expensive large-scale renewable energy.
Melvold, J, Buck, A, Clifton-Cunningham, A, Golja, T, Kutay, C, Regmi, A, Vincent, N, Walsh, SP, Yap, E-H & Co-Creating Collective 2019, 'Transdisciplinary learning: transformative collaborations between students, industry, academia and communities. (an example of complex problem solving undertaken through university-industry partnerships to create societal value and impact)', Next Practice Book: Challenges and Solutions for Fostering Entrepreneurial Universities and Collaborative Innovation, University-Industry Engagement 02/2019, University Industry Innovation Network, University of Technology Sydney, pp. 12-12.
An analogy: Imagine you are invited to a dinner party, but instead of a stuffy sit-down affair,
your host asks you to bring your favourite ingredient, and together you prepare a delicious feast of unique and distinct flavours.
UTS’s transdisciplinary initiatives are changing the shape of higher education and forging
innovative partnerships by bringing together diverse professional fields. With a focus on practice-based and problem-focused learning, UTS educational programs combine the strengths of multiple disciplines, industries, public sector organisations, and the community to turn real-world problems into rewarding opportunities for education and also “learning for a lifetime”.
In place of the limitations of artificial disciplinary boundaries, transdisciplinary learning practices create synergistic and innovative approaches to grappling with complex applied challenges. Students, researchers, practitioners, community members and other stakeholders combine their knowledge, tools, techniques, methods, theories, concepts, as well as cultural and personal perspectives. By understanding problems holistically, the solutions that emerge are bold, innovative, and creative, as well as mutually beneficial. We view this as the future of education: good to work with, and good to think with — problem solving for (and with) industry and society.
The Faculty of Transdisciplinary Innovation is re-imagining how education, research, and professional practice can work together to navigate today’s complex problems, and create commercially attractive and socially responsible futures. We also practice what we preach: for example, staff professional development to enact these models in our own teaching; educational programs to provide experiential learning around problem solving within a rapidly changing environment involving students from across different disciplines and cultural backgrounds; as well as policy development and research on today’s pressing “wicked problems” with i...
Junid, A, Yap, EH & Ng, PK 2018, 'Electric Vehicle Charging and Telco Base Station and Bidirectional Charging at Hillslope Descent', 2018 International Conference on Smart Grid and Clean Energy Technologies, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Kong, W, Jacob, CM, Kong, I, Kong, C, Yap, EH & Abdul Shukor, R 2018, 'Effect of Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 Nanoparticles Addition on TI-1212 High Temperature Super Conductor', 30th Regional Conference on Solid State Science and Technology, Malacca, Malaysia.
Sakundarini, N, Riwayat, NS, Chin, CMM & Yap, EH 2017, 'Component Recovereability Analysis in Product Design using System Dynamics Modelling', Eco Design 2017 – 10th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, Tainan, Taiwan.
Chen, KF, Ho, JH & Yap, EH 2015, 'Piezoelectric Approach on Harvesting Acoustic Energy', 17th International Conference on Mechanical, Automobile and Robotics Engineering, Barcelona, Spain.
Styan, CA & Yap, EH 2014, 'Can South Australia catch the Ocean Renewable Energy wave? Marine Science to Support South Australia’s Blue Economy', Australian Marine Science Association (South Australia) 9th Annual Symposium, Adelaide, Australia.
Ho, JH, Tshai, KY & Yap, EH 2013, 'Students' Attainment of Programme Objectives (POs) for the Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Degrees at the University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus (UNMC)', International Symposium for Education, Psychology and Social Science, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Chan, HXM, Yap, EH & Ho, JH 2012, 'Axial Compression for Direct Capture of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)', TSME International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, Chiangrai, Thailand.
Chin, CMM, Yap, EH & Spowage, AC 2011, 'Development of a Project Management Methodology for Use in a University-Industry Collaborative Research Environment', 10th European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies, Caen, France.
Lai, NYG, Aw, KH, Lee, CW & Yap, EH 2011, 'Support for Carbon Capture and Storage in Malaysia and Developed Nations: A Comparative Study', 2011 International Conference on Sustainable Development, Shanghai, China.
Lai, NYG, Aw, KH, Lee, CW & Yap, EH 2011, 'Support for Global Warming Mitigation and the Use of CCS: A Survey of the Malaysian Public', Clean Energy and Technology – The 8th Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE) Forum Meeting Proceedings, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Lai, NYG, Lee, CW & Yap, EH 2011, 'Carbon Capture and Storage for Developing Economies: The Case for Malaysia', Clean Energy and Technology – The 8th Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE) Forum Meeting, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Lai, NYG, Lee, CW & Yap, EH 2010, 'Clean Development Mechanism as an Option and Tool for Carbon Capture & Storage Implementation in Malaysia', Renewable Energy, Yokohama, Japan.
Qadir, A & Yap, EH 2009, 'System Simulation Of A Renewable Energy Scheme For A Zero-Carbon Village In Malaysia', International Conference and Exhibition on Advances in Energy Research, Mumbai, India.
Yap, EH & Bucknall, RWG 2006, 'Performance of Cable Risers in a Dynamic Environment', 4th MAREC at World Maritime Technology Conference, London, United Kingdom.
Chien, CH, Yap, EH, Martindale, HGA & Bucknall, RWG 2004, 'Mechanical and Electrical Performance Analysis of High Power Subsea Transmission Cable', 39th International University Power Engineering Conference, Bristol, United Kingdom.
Yap, EH, Martindale, HGA, Zachos, T & Bucknall, RWG 2003, 'Exploitation Of Remote Area Hydrocarbon Reserves Through Offshore Electric Power Generation: A Technical And Economical Evaluation', 38th International University Power Engineering Conference Proceedings, Thessaloniki.