Can supervise: YES
Kirkby, D & Ostapenko, D 2019, ''Second to none in the international fight': Australian seafarers internationalism and maritime unions against apartheid', Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 442-464.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© The Author(s) 2017. The participation of trade unions in the anti-apartheid movement is a subject which arguably merits more attention. This article brings into focus a group of unionists whose activism against apartheid was in the forefront of key initiatives. Drawing on new research the argument recounts the role of Australian seafarers on the international stage, particularly its association with the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU), and shows how knowledge of events in South Africa passed from the WFTU to educate the union membership. By the 1980s, Australian seafarers were taking the lead in bringing European unionists together in united action to enforce the United Nations' embargo on oil supplies to South Africa by founding a new organization, the Maritime Unions Against Apartheid (MUAA). Reconstructing these events demonstrates two aspects of significance: the growing importance of monitoring shipping as an anti-apartheid strategy coordinated and led by European unions, which we point out relied on ships' officers and crews for knowledge, and the breaking down of the ideological divide between the WFTU and the anti-Communist International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) working together in the MUAA. The article contributes new understanding of connections between anti-apartheid activism and its Cold War context.
Kirkby, D & Jordan, C 2018, 'Women Modernists Gendering Leadership in Australian Art in the 1930s and 1940s,', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art,, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 259-281.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Kirkby, D & Monk, L-A 2017, 'Indian Seamen and Australian Unions Fighting for Labour Rights: "The Real Facts of the Lascars' Case" of 1939', LABOUR HISTORY, no. 113, pp. 209-239.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Kirkby, D & Monk, LA 2017, 'Indian seamen and Australian unions fighting for labour rights: "The Real Facts of the Lascars' Case" of 1939', Labour History, no. 113, pp. 209-239.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 Australian Society for the Study of Labour History. In 1939, the outbreak of war prompted strikes by Indian seafarers across the empire. This article traces events in Australia as Indian seafarers asserted their labour rights and in doing so contested their exploitative working conditions as "lascars" or the seagoing equivalent of shore-based indentured "coolie" labour. While the Australian government responded in ways that reinforced the "coolie" status of Indian seafarers, the Australian labour movement, most notably the maritime unions, threw their support behind the strikers. The Seamen's Union of Australia and Waterside Workers' Federation provided material aid, funded the strikers' legal costs and, significantly, challenged official and media representations of the Indian seafarers as "coolies" with explanations of their exploitative conditions as "workers." This action was significant because western seafarers' lack of support has been seen as contributing to Indian seafarers' difficulties in challenging their working conditions and status as "lascars." Showing how Indian and Australian workers together resisted labour categories and fought for political rights complicates prevailing views of the relationship between Australian unions and Asian workers and demonstrates a consistency with the earlier internationalism of Australian maritime unions identified by previous historians.
Kirkby, D 2017, 'Connecting work identity and politics in the internationalism of 'seafarers ⋯ who share the seas'', International Journal of Maritime History, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 307-324.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 International Maritime Economic History Association. 'We seafarers ⋯ who share the seas' is the expression of a collective identity and mutual responsibility. This article examines that collective identity among members of the Seamen's Union of Australia and asks, what did internationalism mean in practice to seafarers themselves? Employing an oral history method, coupled with a reading of the union's own printed media, it explores the seafarers' understanding of internationalism that they claimed was 'the language of seafarers'. It was grounded in the nature and reality of their work, and became their politics. The article takes as a case study the campaigns to restore democracy in Greece and Chile after military coups in 1967 and 1973 respectively, and the longer campaign against apartheid in South Africa, which began earlier, before 1960, and ended later, in 1990. These campaigns were conducted alongside many other trade unions, both in Australia and overseas, but maritime workers brought a unique inflection to activism as their internationalism expressed their connectedness across the oceans on which they sailed.
Historians started talking of the Cold War in the late 1940s.1
English writer George
Orwell is generally credited with coining the term in October 1945, though
American journalist Walter Lippman's 1947 book, The Cold War was more important
in propagating the concept.2
The term became widely deployed to describe the
increasingly open struggle between the USA and its allies in the West and the USSR
and its allies in the Eastern Bloc.3
In its heightened military mobilisation, violent
propaganda, intense global competition, and battles by proxy, this conflict was a
war; in the narrow avoidance of hostilities directly pitting the superpowers against
one another, the temperature remained below the heat of an all-out armed conflict.
The concept of the 'Cold War' captures this unstable combination
Kirkby, D & Ostapenko, D 2016, 'Pursuing Trade Union Internationalism: Australia's Waterside Workers and the International Transport Workers Federation, c. 1950–70', Labour History, no. 110, pp. 57-75.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Kirkby, D 2013, '"Those Knights of the Pen and Pencil": Women Journalists and Cultural Leadership of the Women's Movement in Australia and the United States', LABOUR HISTORY, no. 104, pp. 81-99.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Garner, A & Kirkby, D 2013, ''Never a Machine for Propaganda'? The Australian-American Fulbright Program and Australia's Cold War', AUSTRALIAN HISTORICAL STUDIES, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 117-133.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Over ten years ago now Peter Burke, an early-modern European historian, wrote that
'historians still do not take the evidence of the image seriously enough', leading
others to speak of the 'invisibility of the visual' and the 'condescension towards
images', which this implies. 'Relatively few historians', he pointed out, 'work in
photographic archives, compared to the numbers who work in repositories of written
and typewritten documents. Relatively few historical journals carry illustrations and
when they do, relatively few contributors take advantage of this opportunity.'
This, despite the fact that social historians such as Raphael Samuel in the UK became
aware of the value of photographs for exploring 'history from below' in the mid-
2 Historians had discovered that the visual records of documentary photography
were sometimes all they had for the poor and illiterate subjects of social histories.
Meanwhile art historians had taken up the challenge to write the social history of art.4
Nevertheless the use of images for historical analysis was confined to a small group
of scholars and slow to move into the mainstream
Kirkby, D 2011, 'Sex Discrimination, Workplace Opportunities and Law's Transformative Promise', Australian Feminist Law Journal, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 127-145.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Kirkby, D 2008, '"From wharfie haunt to foodie haven": Modernity and law in the transformation of the Australian working-class pub', Food, Culture and Society, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 29-48.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In the first half of the twentieth century, indeed until the 1960s, dining out was unusual for ordinary Australians, saved for special occasions when they ate in the dining room of the local hotel. This formal and conventional style of dining provided utterly predictable food in surroundings that emphasized the specialness of the occasion and the status of the diners, rather than the imaginative quality of the food. Pubs also provided cheap food at the counter, to customers drinking at the bar. This had all changed by the end of the twentieth century, as pub dining rooms became restaurants, catering to the pleasures of modern urban life, offering adventure, fantasy and the lure of the exotic. This paper traces this transformation and argues that the change in pub food culture was a feature of modernity and universalizing US capitalism, not a consequence of postwar immigration but a business enterprise in which Europeanness featured as an alternative to Americanness. In this, the transformation of pub licensing laws was a crucial catalyst.
Kirkby, D 2007, ''Ocker sheilahs' and 'Bloody barmaids" - Caddie, biography and gender history in 1970s Australian historical film', AUSTRALIAN HISTORICAL STUDIES, vol. 38, no. 130, pp. 279-295.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Kirkby, D 2007, ''Honorary chinese'? Women citizens, whiteness and labour legislation in the early Australian commonwealth', Social Identities, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 801-818.View/Download from: Publisher's site
With a focus on the early Australian commonwealth where progressive labour laws, the enfranchisement of white women and the exclusion of indigenous people from citizenship coincided with immigration restrictions based on racial identity, this paper explores what Adolph Reed has described as 'the shifting role of racial hierarchy as a technology of civic status that in constraining or affirming legal and unofficial citizenship rights and prerogatives is a component of the larger political and economic framework'. In 1901 Australia shaped itself as a new commonwealth in self-consciously racial terms through the passage of restrictive immigration legislation creating a White Australia. The new nation also identified itself as a social laboratory of progressive reforms of which labour market protection, minimum wages and the extension of political citizenship were an integral part. However, constructing whiteness extended beyond immigration restriction. The connections between women's political status, the restrictions on their right to work in certain occupations, and the construction of whiteness was explicit and direct. This article traces this idea through restrictions imposed on the labour market participation of women in the licensed hotel trade.
Kirkby, DE 2006, ''This isn't a novel. It is a life!': Dymphna Cusack and Caddie: A Sydney barmaid', Australian Literary Studies, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 495-506.
Golder, H & Kirkby, D 2003, 'Mrs. Mayne and her boxing kangaroo: A married woman tests her property rights in colonial New South Wales', Law and History Review, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 585-605.View/Download from: Publisher's site
KIRKBY, D 1987, 'THE WAGE-EARNING WOMAN AND THE STATE - THE NATIONAL-WOMENS-TRADE-UNION-LEAGUE AND PROTECTIVE LABOR LEGISLATION, 1903-1923', LABOR HISTORY, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 54-74.View/Download from: Publisher's site
KIRKBY, D 1982, 'FRANKLIN,MILES ON DEARBORN-STREET, CHICAGO, 1906-15', AUSTRALIAN LITERARY STUDIES, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 344-357.
Kirkby, D 2018, 'When 'Magna Carta Was Suspended': National Security and the Challenge to Freedom of Speech in Australia 1914-19' in MacMillan, C (ed), Challenges to Authority and the Recognition of Rights: From Magna Carta to Modernity, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 321-343.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Kirkby, D 2018, ''in not a few respects, a common history': Women, Wartime Lawmaking, and the Prosecution of Dissenters'' in Patmore, G & Stromquist, S (eds), Frontiers of Labor Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Ill., pp. 82-103.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
This essay brings the work of labor journalists to the foreground in a study of national responses to the coming of world war. In Australia and the United States the democratic rights of citizens to dissent, to exercise their freedom of speech, and to protest in print were curtailed and criminalized by the passage of new national security measures. Labor journalists, political dissenters, anticonscriptionists, and antiwar protesters were subjected to harassment and prosecution by federal authorities to an unprecedented degree with the establishment of a censorship regime. The essay traces the intersections and divergences in this legal and labor history. Through the experience of two women—Alice Henry and Jennie Scott Griffiths—whose lives, political activism, and careers in journalism spanned both nations, the chapter exposes elements of gender differentiation in these prosecutions.
Kirkby, DE & Reiger, K 2014, 'A design for learning?: ...the hidden costs of organisational change' in Thornton, M (ed), Through A Glass Darkly The Social Sciences Look at the Neoliberal University, The Australian National University, Australia, pp. 211-228.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This collection of essays arose from a workshop held in Canberra in 2013 under the auspices of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia to consider the impact of the encroachment of the market on public universities.
Kirkby, D & Reiger, K 2014, 'A Design for Learning? A Case Study of the Hidden Costs of Curriculum and Organisational Change', AUSTRALIAN NATL UNIV, pp. 211-227.
Kirkby, D 2012, 'Introduction: Interdisciplinarity in the Study of Law's History', AUSTRALIAN NATL UNIV, pp. 1-+.
Kirkby, D 2012, ''The sailor is a human being': Labour Market Regulation and the Australian Navigation Act 1912', AUSTRALIAN NATL UNIV, pp. 177-192.
Kirkby, D 2012, 'A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870-1949.', ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, pp. 496-497.
Kirkby, D 2012, 'Sweatshops at Sea: Merchant Seamen in the World's First Globalized Industry, from 1812 to the Present', AUSTRALIAN SOC STUDY LABOUR HISTORY, pp. 221-223.
Kirkby, D 2009, 'Celluloid ANZACS: The Great War Through Australian Cinema', UNIV MELBOURNE, pp. 121-122.
Kirkby, D 1999, 'Punishment in Australian society', UNIV MELBOURNE, pp. 361-362.
KIRKBY, D 1995, 'SUFFRAGE AND BEYOND - INTERNATIONAL FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES - DALEY,C, NOLAN,M', UNIV AUCKLAND, pp. 231-232.
KIRKBY, D 1993, 'WOMEN AND THE WORK OF BENEVOLENCE - MORALITY, POLITICS AND CLASS IN THE 19TH-CENTURY UNITED STATES. - GINZBERG,LD', NEW YORK UNIV-TAMIMENT INST, pp. 555-556.
KIRKBY, D 1985, 'PRODUCTION OR REPRODUCTION, AN ECONOMIC-HISTORY OF WOMEN IN AUSTRALIA, 1788-1850 - ALFORD,K', UNIV MELBOURNE, pp. 441-443.
KIRKBY, D 1982, ''ON DEARBORN STREET' - FRANKLIN,M', UNIV QUEENSLAND AUSTRALIAN LITERARY STUDIES, pp. 409-410.