Carmel Foley is an Associate Professor at the UTS Business School and a Research Associate of the Centre for Business and Social Innovation. She has led high impact research projects in the area of business event legacy, including the Beyond Tourism Benefits Series for Business Events Sydney which has provided a blueprint for innovation in the sector on a global scale. She is currently leading an international team of esteemed academics and industry professionals from Europe, Asia, North America, South America, UK and Australia in a project for the Joint Meetings Industry Council which is redefining the value proposition of the industry. Her work with ICC Sydney is measuring social, environmental and economic impact, including in rural and regional communities. Her recent publications in this area include Conferences as Catalysts for Thriving Economies (2016) and The Power of Conferences: serendipity, innovation and driving social change (2017), and ICC Sydney: Feeding your performance (2018).
Carmel's research extends to social inclusion where she has completed projects and publications in the areas of gender equity and cultural inclusion.
Carmel's teaching is ideally located in her areas of research strength: diversity management, social inclusion, event management and research skills, allowing her to share her knowledge and passion with her students. She teaches undergraduate and postgraduate students in event management and supervises research projects for students of management, supply chain, human resource management, not-for-profit and social enterprise, sport and event management. Her keen interest in students is reflected in internal and external projects in learning and teaching. She has been awarded the Vice Chancellors' Learning and Teaching grant: Learning Analytics for Graduate Attributes: Business School Masters Research Project (Capstone), a UTS Teaching Citation for sustained leadership and commitment to aligning academic programs with graduate attributes and implementing assurance of learning processes, and was twice awarded UniJobs Lecturer of the Year Top Ten at UTS. Carmel supervises PhD, Masters and Honours students and her students have received numerous awards. Carmel is leading a project for ActivateUTS: UTS students and graduate attributes: the impact of involvement in university-based extracurricular activity.
Carmel understands and enjoys the creative power of innovative teams and works closely with esteemed colleagues Associate Professor Deborah Edwards, Dr Anja Hergesell and Professor Simon Darcy to advance teaching and research outcomes.
Director Bachelor of Management
Australian and New Zealand Association for Leisure Studies
Centre for Business and Social Innovation
Can supervise: YES
Social and economic impact measurement
Social inclusion (diversity management)
Learning and teaching research
Event Creation Lab (Capstone)
Management Research Project (Capstone)
Management Research Skills
Event and Entertainment Contexts
Professional Internships for Graduates
Socio-cultural Concepts for Leisure, Sport and Tourism
A chance encounter at a conference sets up a series of unfolding events.
In 1982, immunologist Ian Frazer attended his first international
gastroenterology conference in Canberra, Australia. After his presentation
on genital warts, a colleague, Dr Gabrielle Medley, discussed with him the
potential link between the human papillomavirus and cancer. This meeting proved fateful, as it helped to put him on the path that would ultimately lead to the development of the HPV vaccine. This vaccine is now used across the globe, and may eradicate cervical cancer within a generation.
This book seeks to explore and understand these long-term outcomes:
what we loosely refer to as the 'long tail' of conference impact. By doing
so, we hope to add to an increasingly complex picture of the value of
conferences. For, despite the costs and effort involved in hosting and
attending conferences, despite all the online communication options for
the circulation of knowledge and commentary, many thousands of events,
involving many thousands of people coming together, take place around
the world each year. What makes them so worthwhile? How can we plan
and design conferences to allow for the full range of potential benefits and outcomes?
Tower, J., McGrath, R., Sibson, R., Adair, D., Bevan, N., Brown, G., Foley, C., Fullagar, S., Gray, L., Hawkins, C., Jeanes, R., Kerr, R., Martin, K., Maxwell, H., McDonald, K., Peel, N., Reis, A., Xing, T., Yerbury, R. & Zimmerman, J.A. 2018, 'State of leisure studies in Australia and New Zealand', World Leisure Journal, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 58-66.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2017 World Leisure Organization. A recurring theme has emerged from past ANZALS (Australia and New Zealand Association for Leisure Studies) Conferences' keynote presentations conc erning the status of leisure studies from a teaching and research perspective. While this broad discussion has been raised, little is formally known about the current status of leisure studies in Australian and New Zealand universities. The ANZALS Board initiated a project in 2015 to gain insights into this topic. The purpose of the project was to document issues about leisure studies in Australian and New Zealand universities and to explore strategies that could assist ANZALS to promote leisure studies across various sectors. This initiative sought feedback from the ANZALS Patron organisations as well as members via a workshop conducted at the 2015 ANZALS Conference. Outcomes from the project have identified leisure studies as a diverse and disparate field of study. Leisure studies is no longer a centralised field within Australian and New Zealand universities. Instead, leisure studies have become divergent and focused on the elements within leisure such as recreation, sport, tourism and events, as well as across domains such as management and health. The project outcomes indicate the need for organisations such as ANZALS to develop and maintain collaborative networks with a variety of stakeholders, both within the tertiary sector as well as amongst practitioners in various industry sectors. There is also a need for ANZALS and kindred organisations to recognise and acknowledge the past and ensure its future by examining how leisure studies can be defined for application in a realm of related fields of study.
Cheng, M. & Foley, C. 2018, 'The sharing economy and digital discrimination: the case of Airbnb.', International Journal of Hospitality Management, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 95-98.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Digital discrimination has become a buzz word following the recent reports of racial and other discrimination associated with Airbnb. This issue is perceived to pose serious concerns with the rapid growth of the sharing economy. This research note derives insights into digital discrimination through the lens of a series of online newspaper comments made in response to an article reporting Airbnb's new anti-discrimination policy. The data were analysed by using text-mining and co-stakeholder analysis. The visualized network and each stakeholder's surrounding discourse reveal that digital discrimination contains multiple layers and meaning constructions. This paper provides a starting point for tourism and hospitality researchers to contribute to the thinking around the digital discrimination with the rapid growth of the sharing economy.
Cheng, M. & Foley, C. 2018, 'Understanding the distinctiveness of Chinese Post-80s tourists through an exploration of their formative experiences', Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1312-1328.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Chinese Post-80s (the Chinese equivalent of Generation Y) are a distinct generation that emerged during a period of rapid political, social and economic change under Deng Xiaoping's policy exploration with capitalism. Chinese Post-80s demonstrate higher levels of both complexity and sophistication in their tourist behaviours when compared with earlier generations of Chinese tourists yet their distinctiveness has been largely ignored in tourism research. Underpinned by generational cohort theory, this study explores the formative experiences of Chinese Post-80s and provides insights into the way these experiences have shaped this generation and their outbound travel. These formative experiences include Reform and Open Policy, One Child Policy and Education Reforms. Two discrete groups: 'made in China and transnational Chinese Post-80s tourists have been identified. We argue that while Chinese Post-80s tourists may share many aspects in common with their Western counterparts, this generation presents its distinctiveness due to its emergence from a specific sets of events with China's rapid change that make Chinese Post-80s different from any generation in the global environment, creating new academic inquiries for established theories of generational studies. This nuanced understanding of Chinese Post-80s tourists has profound implications for theory and practice in the context of Chinese outbound travel.
Foley, C., Faulkner, S., Small, J. & Wearing, S.L. 2018, 'Women of the Kokoda: From Poverty to Empowerment in Sustainable Tourism Development', Tourism, Culture and Communication, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 21-34.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The purpose of this article is to explore the power dynamics negotiated by women in local communities in Papua New Guinea (PNG) as they stake a claim in the development of sustainable tourism that is emerging along the Kokoda Track. The traditional understanding of power dynamics has been the "power as domination" perception, which attributes authority to dominant actors who exercise control over others. To comprehend the women's role in the development of ecotrekking along the Kokoda Track, we offer an alternative understanding of power struggle by invoking Foucault's notions of power and Gidden's structuration perspective. By applying these two philosophies, we illustrate how strategies of dominance, negotiation, and resistance are interwoven into day-to-day social interactions between women, men, tourism operators, and local communities. The particular focus of this article is on microbusiness projects along the track, a strategy pursued by the Kokoda Development Program. Women in the communities were generally happy to be supported to establish their own tourism businesses. This is particularly significant as women have traditionally had fewer opportunities than men to make money from trekkers: the main income from tourists into the villages has been through portering services, a predominately male activity. The article concludes with a discussion of the implications of this analysis for the empowerment of women in rural and remote communities through sustainable tourism development.
Porter, D., wearing, S., McCauley, B., Wearing, M. & Foley, C.T. 2017, 'Exploring Male Adolescent Video Gaming as Leisure Consumption: It's not as simple as 'Bang Bang: You're dead!'', Leisure Studies.
© 2015 Taylor & Francis Slow tourism is motivated by the desire for personal and communal well-being. It emerged as an antidote to the fast-paced imperatives of global capitalism that urge the entrepreneurial self to speed up and work harder to achieve and demonstrate desired social status. The entrepreneurial self can be understood in the contexts of neoliberalism and the class- and gender-based histories of time-thrift and rational recreation; the entrepreneurial self uses leisure time purposively in the pursuit of status, avoids idle pursuits and has restricted capacity to experience leisurely social relationships. In this article, it is argued that leisurely social relations can be reclaimed by letting go, even temporarily, of time-thrift and the compulsion to use leisure time purposively. Data drawn from in-depth interviews with repeat visitors at two Australian caravan parks revealed that for the period of their holiday the tourists relax, refuse to be driven by schedules, socialise with other tourists and feel no compulsion to use time purposively. The key reasons the tourists return to the parks each year were for the friendships and the sense of community they experience as part of the holiday. Slow tourism by its very nature rejects time-thrift, however, as the movement is harnessed by global capitalism, slow tourism risks becoming a source of conspicuous consumption. The findings of this study suggest that friendship and community thrive more readily in conditions where the need to achieve and demonstrate social status is discarded along with time-thrift.
Wearing, S.L., Edwards, D. & Foley, C. 2016, 'Understanding the Tourist Experience of Cities and Urban Places', Annals of Tourism Research.
Maxwell, H., Foley, C., Taylor, T. & Burton, C. 2015, 'The development of female Muslim life-savers', SPORT MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 139-151.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Jonson, P.T., Small, J., Foley, C. & Schlenker, K. 2015, '"All Shook Up" at the parkes elvis festival: The role of play in events', Event Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 479-493.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
© 2015 Cognizant Comm. Corp. Leisure in the postmodern environment is often regarded as superficial, depthless, and meaningless, dominated by simulation and hyperreality. Many aspects of the Parkes Elvis Festival fall clearly into the category of simulation and hyperreality as attendees imitate Elvis Presley (and other associated characters) and are willing to accept the fake and contrived as real. However, the simulation does not, in the case of the Parkes Elvis Festival, lead to a depthless, meaningless, or inauthentic experience. Using Huizinga's ideas of play and Bateson's play frame we present the Elvis Festival as a liminal social space that invites playfulness and creativity. The theory of Georg Simmel is explored to show how sociability is created at the event to facilitate play. Finally, Csikszentmihalyi's theory of flow is used to demonstrate ways in which the enjoyment of the playful event experience is maximized for participants. We argue that play provides the substance that makes the Parkes Elvis Festival memorable and meaningful. An understanding of play theory may assist event managers to increase social facilitation at festivals and events, ensuring an enjoyable, sociable, creative, and authentic experience for attendees.
Edwards, D.C., Foley, C.T., Dwyer, A., Schlenker, K. & Hergesell, A. 2014, 'Evaluating the economic contribution of a large indoor entertainment venues: an inscope expenditure study', Event Management: an international journal.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Foley, C.T., Edwards, D.C. & Schlenker, K. 2014, 'Business Events and Friendship: Leveraging the Sociable Legacies', Event Management: an international journal, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 53-64.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Business events are celebrated for their contributions to community and industry. They are understood to be shared social contexts in which people meet to advance knowledge, sell products, and network. Less celebrated and, arguably, less understood is that business events provide a context for the development of friendships. In 2011 an online survey was conducted with the delegates of five international business events held in Sydney, Australia in the period 2009–2011. The survey was designed to investigate business legacies of the events (such as investment opportunities, research collaborations) rather than sociable legacies. however, a surprising number of references to friendship were made in the 'additional comments sections of the questionnaire. reflecting on this finding, this article argues that friendships forged at business events contribute to, respectively: the well-being of delegates, association membership levels, conference attendance, retention of personnel in the profession, successful research and professional collaborations, and creativity and innovation in the sector. Business event planners can maximize opportunities for sociable outcomes among delegates by designing warm and inviting event spaces that facilitate interaction, and by providing social space for the development of relationships, optimal conditions for sociability, and opportunities for play to stimulate creativity and build community.
Maxwell, H., Foley, C.T., Taylor, T.L. & Burton, C. 2013, 'Social Inclusion in Community Sport: A Case Study of Muslim Women in Australia', Journal of Sport Management, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 467-481.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This paper considers how organizational practices facilitate and inhibit the social inclusion of Muslim women in a community sport setting. A case study of social inclusion practices in an Australian community sport organization (CSO) was built through interviews, focus groups, secondary data, and documentary evidence. Drawing on the work of Bailey (2005, 2008) the analysis employed a social inclusion framework comprised of spatial, functional, relational, and power dimensions. Findings indicated that there are a range of practices which facilitate social inclusion. Paradoxically, some of the practices that contributed to social inclusion at the club for Muslim women resulted in social exclusion for non-Muslim women. Examining each practice from multiple perspectives provided by the social inclusion framework allowed a thorough analysis to be made of the significance of each practice to the social inclusion of Muslim women at the club. Implications for social inclusion research and sport management practice are discussed
Foley, C.T., Schlenker, K., Edwards, D.C. & Lewis-Smith, L. 2013, 'Determining business event legacies beyond the tourism spend: an Australian case study approach', Event Management: an international journal, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 311-322.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Government and industry are aware that the full value of the business event sector needs to be established. To date, the sector has been evaluated on the economic contribution it makes to host destination tourism. The tourism contributions have been impressive in themselves; however, this narrow focus has failed to account for a more extensive set of contributions to economies and communities. Impacts from business events in areas such as innovation, education, networking, trade, research, and practice are generally considered to outweigh the financial returns of the tourism spend. Although anecdotal evidence of the value of business events beyond the tourism dimension has been evident for some time, empirical research in this area is limited. This article has four objectives: first, to highlight the research need for understanding the broader impacts of business events beyond the tourism spend; second, to identify the range and impact of contributions made by business events to host communities beyond the tourism spend; third, to examine five Australian business events utilizing a grounded theory approach and present a range of identified legacies in the categories of knowledge expansion; networking, relationships, and collaboration; educational outcomes; raising awareness and profiling; and showcasing and destination reputation. Finally, the article discusses the implications of these findings for the business events sector.
This paper presents the findings of a research project that explored notions of friendship and community in the context of caravan park holidays for repeat visitors to two caravan parks. The study was conducted by way of in-depth interview with 22 visitors to a caravan park on the south coast of News South Wales (Australia) in 2006 and 20 visitors to a caravan park in far north Queensland (Australia) in 2007. For both parks the findings indicate that the major attractions of caravan park holidays for long term repeat visitors are the friendships that build up over years of repeat visitation, and the relaxing lifestyle that the holiday affords. For the older and smaller of the parks the respondents also reported that a strong sense of community existed among the visitors and that this was a very satisfying feature of their holiday experience. There was less mention of a sense of community from respondents at the larger and more recently established park. Theoretical implications: there is an emerging literature documenting the possibilities of serious leisure and focal leisure activities as significant investment channels in the accumulation of social capital. This paper supports the theory that focal leisure activities can foster the development of a sense of community, however, our findings indicate that factors influencing this growth may include the age of the group and also the size of the group. Management and marketing implications: caravan park (and other tourist service) organisations may benefit from including notions of friendship and community in their marketing campaigns rather than the usual narrow focus upon facilities From a management perspective it may be useful to consider programming activities and providing amenities that facilitate social engagement and communal activity.
Foley, C.T., Holzman, C. & Wearing, S.L. 2007, 'Moving Beyond Conspicuous Leisure Consumption: adolescent women, mobile phones and public space', Leisure Studies, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 179-192.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
In this paper we explore mobile phones as a form of fashion accessory for young women in contemporary culture and the possible value of such fashionable items as a source of identity and self-worth. Despite reliance on the usual stultifying stereotypes produced by marketeers to promote mobile phones, we explore the possibility that increased access to public space generates for adolescent girls alternative choices of leisure experiences and possibilities of multiple enriching identities. The findings suggest that mobile phone use can impart a sense of self-confidence, sexuality and autonomy which defies the male gaze in public spaces and may allow adolescent women to reject traditional images of femininity at a formative stage in the life course and take steps to a further array of leisure choices. It may only be a temporary image that assists a sense of self at a vulnerable time in life, or it may infiltrate other aspects of subjectivity and assist an ongoing sense of self-confidence. However, this particular leisure activity can be seen as enabling, allowing entry to an arena, that of public space, that has hitherto been limited by the male gaze and other stereotypes of adolescent women. Through in-depth interviews with teenage mobile phone users and a review of the literature we have examined the success that this form of technology has had with this social group.
Foley, C.T. 2005, 'Subversive possibilities: An exploration of women's leisure resistance using historical case studies', Annals of Leisure Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 220-241.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Sloggett, G.J., McKenzie, D.R., Cockayne, D., Smith, G., Jenkins, B., Foley, C.T., Takano, Y. & Studer, A. 1994, 'In-situ Deposition Of High-tc Materials Using Vacuum-arc Ablation With Macroparticle Filter', Physica B: Condensed Matter, vol. 194, pp. 2353-2354.
Vacuum arc ablation is shown to be a new deposition technique for depositing YBCO thin films in situ with zero resistance below 85 K. A high deposition rate was achieved from small specimens. The size of macroparticles is larger than for laser ablation f
Wearing, S.L., Small, J. & Foley, C. 2018, 'Gender and the body in leisure and tourism' in Mansfield, Caudwell, Wheaton & Watson (eds), The Palgrave Handbook of Feminism and Sport, Leisure and Physical Education, Palgrave MacMillan, London, UK, pp. 95-110.
An overview of feminist research and theory in leisure and tourism.
Schlenker, K., Foley, C.T. & Carroll-Dwyer, E. 2016, 'The Parkes Elvis Festival: Attendee and host community perspectives' in Newbold, C. & Jordan, J. (eds), Focus on World Festivals Contemporary Case Studies and Perspectives, Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, pp. 299-308.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Each year, up to 20,000 people descend upon the rural town of Parkes, 365km
west of Sydney, to attend the Parkes Elvis Festival. Initiated in 1993 by a group
of locals who were Elvis Presley fans, the annual festival has grown from the
humble beginnings of a one-day event with a few hundred attendees to a five
In a bid to assist the festival organisers to understand the impacts of the Parkes
Elvis Festival on both attendees and the host community, researchers designed a
set of survey instruments to deliver a comprehensive evaluation of the social and
economic impacts of the festival. Research was carried out in 2010 and separate
surveys were conducted for festival organisers, attendees and local residents.
After a brief explanation of the festival, and the man it is inspired by, this chapter
explores the methods used to collect data before outlining the results. The results
are divided into two key sections, attendees' perceptions, and host community
First we profile the demographics, motivations and experience of festival attendees.
Second, we profile the perceptions of the host community with respect to
both the economic and social impacts of the festival. The surveys demonstrate the
overwhelming goodwill and enthusiasm for the festival, by both the host community
and attendees. Results show that the festival attracts a mix of first time
and repeat visitors, and that many of the returning attendees do so to catch up
with friends made at previous festivals. For residents, regardless of whether they
attend or not, the large majority understand the economic, tourism and community
benefits generated by the festival.
Foley, C.T., Taylor, T.L. & Maxwell, H. 2011, 'Gender and cultural diversity in Australian sport' in Long, J. & Spracklen, K. (eds), Sport and challenges to racism, Palgrave MacMillan, UK, pp. 167-182.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Maxwell, H., Taylor, T.L. & Foley, C.T. 2011, 'Social inclusion of muslim women in Australian community sport' in Long, J., Fitzergerald, H. & Millward, P. (eds), Delivering Equality in Sport and Leisure, Leisure Studies Association, Eastbourne UK, pp. 15-33.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The social and community building potential of sport has been highlighted by social policy makers and academics both in Australia and overseas (Australian Sports Commission, 2006; Coalter, 2007; Collins and Kay. 2003; Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, 2007; Jarvie, 2003; Nicholson and Hoye, 2008; Rojek, 2005). There is a "presumption that sport can help to address the multifaceted aspects of social exclusion (e.g. reduce crime, increase employability, improve health) and contribute to community development and social cohesion" (Coalter. 2007: p. 19). In ethno culturally diverse societies such as Australia, with a vast array of ancestral identities. languages, and religions, sport has been strategically deployed to overcome the challenges of social exclusion and marginalisation among minority ethnic groups.
Foley, C.T., Schlenker, K. & Schweinsberg, S.C. 2011, 'Case Study: Triple Bottom Line Event Evaluation and the 2010 CountryLink Parkes Elvis Festival' in Allen, J., O'Toole, W., Harris, R. & McDonnell, I. (eds), Festival and Special Event Management, John Wiley and Sons Australia, Australia, pp. 511-515.
Foley, C.T. & Hayllar, B.R. 2009, 'Freedom to be: friendship and community at holiday parks' in Fleming, S., Andrews, H., Hackett, P., Meadows, M. & Selby, M. (eds), Leisure and Tourism: International Perspectives on Cultural Practice, Leisure Studies Association, United Kingdom, pp. 33-52.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Edwards, D. & Foley, C. 2009, 'Australian war memorial, Australian museum, and the art gallery of New South Wales: Mutually satisfying relationships: The secrets of successful volunteer programs in Australian museums' in Managing Volunteers in Tourism: Attractions, Destinations and Events, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, UK, pp. 161-174.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Edwards, D.C. & Foley, C.T. 2009, 'Australian War Memorial, Australian Museum and the Art Gallery of New South Wales' in Holmes, K. & Smith, K. (eds), Managing Volunteers in Tourism, Elsevier, London, UK, pp. 159-173.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This case study tells the story of how three large museums in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory in Australia manage their volunteers. Each museum operates a successful volunteer program for which there is a waiting list of volunteers. The volunteers at each museum are well managed, happy, and doing a valuable job for their respective organizations. We can learn something from their success. The volunteer coordinators from each organization have also identified areas in which their volunteers could be better managed in terms of the volunteer programs' integration into the larger organization and the ongoing support and training of the managers and coordinators who supervise volunteers. These are significant insights from practitioners in the field, which provide valuable learning opportunities. The case study provides an overview of the three organizations and their successful volunteer programs, and identifies key issues and a model for successful volunteer management. Three prominent Australian museums are the center of this case study: The Australian War Memorial (the Memorial), located in Canberra, the capital city of Australia, in the Australian Capital Territory; the Australian Museum (the Museum), located next to Hyde Park in the center of Sydney, New South Wales; and, also in central Sydney, the Art Gallery of New South Wales (the Gallery), located in The Domain.
Scerri, M., Edwards, D. & Foley, C. 2016, 'The Economic Impact of Architecture to Tourism', The Chaning Landscapre of Tourism and Hospitality: The impact of emerging markets and emerging destinations, Council for Australasian University Tourism and Hospitality Education Annual Conference, Blue Mountains Hotel Management School, Sydney, pp. 436-457.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Iconic architecture assists in the identification of a place, city or precinct. Structural, functional and aesthetic aspects of architecture, particularly those that represent unique features, attract tourists. The aim of this study is to explore the value of iconic buildings to tourism with particular focus on the recently opened University of Technology Sydney Business School's Gehry designed Dr Chau Chak Wing (CCW) building. Five case studies which estimate the economic and social value of buildings to tourism are examined and the benefits transfer method is used to estimate the value of the CCW to tourism.
Schlenker, K., Foley, C.T., Edwards, D.C. & Veal, A.J. 2014, 'Bums on Seats: Attendance trends in culture and sport', Liveability & Loveability Taskforce Meeting, Committee for Sydney, Sydney, Australia.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
Foley, C.T., Schlenker, K. & Edwards, D.C. 2013, 'Beyond Tourism Benefits - Measuring the social legacies of business events', Making Waves, ICE 2013 - International Conference on Events, Bournemouth, United Kingdom.
Schlenker, K., Foley, C.T. & Edwards, D.C. 2013, 'Events at the Sydney Entertainment Centre: economic and social contributions', Making Waves, ICE 2013 - International Conference on Events, Bournemouth, United Kingdom.
Edwards, D.C., Foley, C.T. & Schlenker, K. 2012, 'The Sydney Entertainment Centre: Measuring the inscope expenditure into Chinatown, Darling Harbour and the City of Sydney.', Sydney Entertainment Centre Leadership Team, Sydney.
Edwards, D.C., Foley, C.T. & Schlenker, K. 2012, 'The Sydney Entertainment Centre: Measuring the inscope expenditure into Chinatown, Darling Harbour and the City of Sydney.', Darling Harbour Convention and Exhibition (DHCE) Executive Committee, Sydney, Australia.
Harris, R., Schlenker, K., Foley, C.T. & Edwards, D.C. 2012, 'Australian Event Symposium 2012', Academic Paper Proceedings, Australian Centre for Event Management, University of Technology, Sydney, Sydney.
Foley, C.T., Edwards, D.C. & Schlenker, K. 2011, 'Event legacies: Beyond the tourism spend', Proceedings from the 2011 Leisure Studies Association (LSA) Leisure in Transition: People, Policy and Places., Leisure Studies Association, Southampton, England, UK.
Foley, C.T., Schlenker, K. & Edwards, D.C. 2011, 'The sociable aspects of conferences: Lessons for associations and business event organisers', Challenging Leisure: Australia and New Zealand Association of Leisure Studies 10th Biennial Conference, Australian and New Zealand Association for Leisure Studies, Dunedin, New Zealand, pp. 56-57.
Foley, C.T. & Schlenker, K. 2009, 'Progressing event evaluation: global trends and indicators for triple bottom line reporting', Sustainable Development and Events - Proceedings of ACEM 5th International Event Management Summit, Australian Centre for Event Management, Gold Coast, Australia, pp. 1-1.
Foley, C.T. & Hayllar, B.R. 2007, 'Tourism and community: reflections on caravan holiday experiences', CAUTHE, Proceedings of the 17th annual conference, Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education annual conference, University of Technology Sydney, Manly Pacific, Manly, Australia, pp. 1-13.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The purpose of this study is to provide BESydney with an improved understanding of the characteristics of incentive delegates inclusive of expenditure on shopping, attractions and food and beverage; satisfaction with Sydney; and a comparison of Sydney to other destinations; with a focus on the Asian incentive market.
Foley, C.T., Edwards, D.C., Schlenker, K. & Hergesell, A. UTS 2014, Beyond Tourism Benefits: Building an International Profile, Future Convention Cities Initiative, pp. 1-81, Australia.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
This is a study of Business Events held in Seoul, Sydney,
Toronto and Durban by the University of Technology,
Sydney (UTS), on behalf of the Future Convention Cities
Initiative (FCCI). The methodology adopted and sources
of information used by the authors are outlined in this
report. While all care and diligence has been exercised
in the preparation of this report, the authors assume
no responsibility for any inaccuracies or omissions. No
indications were found during our investigations that
information contained in this report as provided is false.
Edwards, D.C., Foley, C.T. & Schlenker, K. UTS 2012, The Sydney Entertainment Centre: Measuring the inscope expenditure into Chinatown, Darling Harbour and the City of Sydney, The Sydney Entertainment Centre, pp. 1-50, Australia.
Schlenker, K., Foley, C.T. & Getz, D. Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre 2010, Encore Festival and Event Evaluation Kit: Review and Redevelopment, pp. 1-56, Australia.View/Download from: UTS OPUS
The purpose of this study is to provide an empirically-based assessment of the range and impact of contributions made by business events to host communities beyond the tourism dimension. This project is classified as a scoping study, delivering baseline data on which future stages of research could be built. Future stages of the project could be designed to deliver quantitative data on the contributions made by business events to complement the more qualitative focus of this study. It is well established that business events make a substantial contribution to the Australian economy from a tourism perspective. However, the Business Events Council of Australia (2009a) argues that impacts from business events in areas such as innovation, education, networking, trade, research and practice are likely to far outweigh the financial returns of the tourism spend. They have called for evidence-based research to be undertaken in this area (Business Events Council of Australia 2009b)
Foley, C.T. & Hayllar, B.R. UTS 2006, Research and management report: Easts Narooma Shores holiday park, Sydney, australia.
Economic, environmental and social forces have changed the way we are developing our cities. A range of theoretical constructs have been explored to provide direction for contemporary analyses of urban tourism experience. This paper engages with a feminist perspective in our understanding of the way tourists explore and experience cities. It achieves this by expanding current sociological frameworks that assume the tourist is simply a wanderer in the urban environment. Drawing on interactionist and post-structural critique and Wearing and Wearing's (1996) theoretical framework of the flâneur and choraster, this paper demonstrates how a more feminized conceptualisation of the tourist experience as a creative and interactive process could have a transformative effect on our understanding of tourists' experiences of cities.
Business Events Sydney
Joint Meetings Industry Council
Committee for Sydney