Leung, B, Lauche, R, Leach, M, Zhang, Y, Cramer, H & Sibbritt, D 2018, 'Special diets in modern America: Analysis of the 2012 National Health Interview Survey data', Nutrition and Health, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 11-18.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Special diets are frequently used by the public but reasons for use and characteristics of users remain unclear.
To determine prevalence of the use of special diets, the individual characteristics associated with their use and reasons for use.
The secondary analysis used data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional household interview survey of a nationally representative sample of non-hospitalized US adult populations (n = 34,525). The dependent variables in this secondary analysis were the use of a special diet (vegetarian, macrobiotic, Atkins, Pritikin, and Ornish) ever and during the past 12 months. Independent variables included sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral variables. Prevalence of special diet use and reasons for use were analyzed descriptively. Associations between independent and dependent variables were analyzed using Chi-square tests and logistic regression. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.
Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of using special diets were 7.5% (weighted n = 17.7 million) and 2.9% (weighted n = 6.9 million), respectively. Individuals using special diets in the past 12 months were more likely female (OR = 1.45; 95% CI = 1.21–1.74), not married (OR = 0.76; 95% CI = 0.63–0.91), college-educated (OR = 1.98; 95% CI = 1.25–3.11) and depressed (OR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.14–1.98). They more likely also used herbal products (OR = 2.35; 95%CI = 1.84–2.99), non-vitamin (OR = 1.82; 95% CI = 1.45–2.27) and vitamin supplements (OR = 1.57; 95% CI = 1.24–1.99). Diets were mainly used to improve overall health (76.7%) or for general wellness/prevention (70.4%).
Special diets are mainly used for unspecific health reasons by those who are females, have a college degree or with depression, and commonly used in conjunction with herbs and dietary supplements.
Steel, A, Cramer, H, Leung, B, Lauche, R, Adams, J, Langhorst, J & Dobos, G 2016, 'Characteristics of Homeopathy Users among Internal Medicine Patients in Germany', Forschende Komplementaermedizin: Wissenschaft Praxis Perspektiven, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 284-289.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Homeopathy use continues to grow in many European countries, and some studies have examined the characteristics of patients using homeopathy within the general population. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for homeopathy use among internal medicine patients.
Patients and Methods
A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among all patients being referred to the Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine at Essen, Germany, over a 3-year period. The analysis examined whether patients had used homeopathy for their primary medical complaint before, the perceived benefit, and the perceived harm of homeopathy use. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated using multiple logistic regression analysis.
Of 2,045 respondents, 715 (35.0%) reported having used homeopathy for their primary medical complaint (diagnosis according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems), with 359 (50.2%) reporting perceived benefits and 15 (2.1%) reporting harm. Homeopathy use was positively associated with female gender, high school level education, suffering from fibromyalgia or subthreshold depression, and being fast food abstinent, while patients with osteoarthritis, spinal or other pain, smokers, and patients with a high externalsocial health locus of control were less likely to use homeopathy.
Personal characteristics and health status may impact on the use and the perceived helpfulness of homeopathy.
Cramer, H, Hall, H, Leach, M, Frawley, J, Zhang, Y, Leung, B, Adams, J & Lauche, R 2016, 'Prevalence, patterns, and predictors of meditation use among US adults: A nationally representative survey', SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol. 6.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
Zhang, Y, Leach, MJ, Bishop, FL & Leung, B 2016, 'A Comparison of the Characteristics of Acupuncture- and Non-Acupuncture-Preferred Consumers: A Secondary Analysis of NHIS 2012 Data', JOURNAL OF ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 315-322.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site