Sarikaya, A & Erkmen, R 2019, 'A plastic-damage model for concrete under compression', International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, vol. 150, pp. 584-593.View/Download from: UTS OPUS or Publisher's site
A phenomenological model for plain concrete under compression is formulated within the framework of the coupled elastoplastic-damage theory. Phenomenological elastoplastic-damage models have been widely used for concrete because of their capability of representing both the permanent inelastic deformations and the degra- dation of material moduli beyond the elastic range. The essential contribution introduced in this paper is the proposed partitioning of the strain tensor within the coupled elastoplastic-damage framework which simplifies the selection of the failure surface and the potential function. Proposed partitioning permits the use of single failure criterion and single potential surface that are effective for both damage and plasticity models during inelastic deformations. Therefore, the coupled elastoplastic-damage model can be easily calibrated to fit the ob- served concrete behaviour based on well-established non-associated plasticity rules for concrete. The proposed approach also simplifies the numerical procedure by eliminating iterations that is required to equilibrate the stresses in plastic and damage components of the model. The numerical implementation is explained, and the results predicted by the model are compared with experimental data provided in the literature.
A constitutive model based on a novel coupled elastoplastic-damage framework is adopted for the modelling of concrete under cyclic loads. Coupled elastoplastic-damage models have been used to capture both the material degradation and the permanent deformations under inelastic deformations. In this study, a multisurface plasticity framework is implemented for the modelling of concrete under compressive and tensile cyclic loads. The elastoplastic-damage framework is based on the 'direct-coupling' method in which an a-priori relationship between the total strain and the damage strain is postulated. The model is easy to calibrate since it utilises the same yield and potential functions for plasticity and damage calculations. Concrete is modelled using a pair of yield surfaces in order to capture its compressive and tensile behaviour while utilising corresponding isotropic damage variables to capture the stiffness degradations in the compressive and tensile regimes. Material parameters are calibrated using uniaxially loaded concrete experiments. The results are compared with experimental and numerical data provided in the literature.