Asif Gill is a result-oriented academic, adviser, coach, inventor and professional trainer with extensive experience in various sectors including banking, consulting, education, finance, government, nonprofit, software and telco. He specialises in adaptive enterprise architecture & information-centric secure digital ecosystems. He is also the Director of the DigiSAS Lab.
He has worked with a number of organisations including Ability Options, ANZ Bank, Bureau of Meteorology, Department of Defence, Department of Industry, Innovation and Science (DoIIS), Emergency Information Coordination Unit (EICU), Flexi Group, ING Australia, KPMG, Reserve Bank of Australia, Telstra, University of Newcastle, and University of Sydney. He has extensive professional experience in leading and delivering agile and non-agile multi-million dollar commercial and research projects. He is also helping start-ups in developing innovative business model, products and services.
He conducts customer-centric practice-oriented applied action-design research that targets the challenges of academia, industry, government and society. His work has appeared in major academic and industry journals including Information and Management, Information Systems, Communications of the AIS, Information and Software Technology, Information System Frontiers, Journal of Systems and Software, Cutter IT Journal and CIO Magazine. He is author and inventor of The Gill Framework® for architecting Adaptive Enterprise Architecture. He is often invited and involved as a professional speaker, guest editor, conference chair, organiser and reviewer for a number of national and international academic and industry conferences.
He has a PhD Computing Science (Software Engineering), MSc. Computing Science (Software Engineering) and Master of Business. When completing his PhD at University of Technology Sydney (UTS), he was awarded the Australian Postgraduate Award for Industry (APAI). He has also completed professional trainings and certifications in Data Vault, TOGAF 9.1, ITIL v3 Foundation, Lean Six Sigma, Project Management, Applied Business Architecture, Design Thinking, and AWS Cloud Architecture.
- Member of the Software & Systems Engineering Committee (IT-015), Standards Australia
- Member of the ISACA
- Member of the Australian Computer Society (ACS)
- Member of the Australian Information Security Association
- Founder and Leader of the Australian Enterprise Architecture Research Forum (AEAR)
- Member of the IEEE TC Enterprise Architecture and Engineering (EAE)
Can supervise: YES
My current areas of research interest include:
- Adaptive Enterprise Architecture
- Agile & DevOps
- Analytics & Information Management
- Big Data Management
- Blockchain Governance
- Cloud & Fog Computing
- Data Integration & Interoperability
- Data Quality & Governance
- Data Modelling & Design
- Digital Ecosystem
- Information Privacy & Security
- IoT & Mobile Data Management
- Agile Software Development
- Enterprise Architecture Practice
Gill, A 2017, Adaptive Enterprise Strategy Journey Management Your Journey for Building an Adaptive Business Strategy and Execution Capability in a Rapidly Changing and Increasingly Digital World, Createspace Independent Publishing Platform.
This book takes you on a journey of the development of a robust, highly scalable and smart method for building adaptive enterprise capabilities that are not achievable using the existing traditional frameworks and methods.
Gill, AQ 2015, Adaptive Cloud Enterprise Architecture, World Scientific.
Gill, A 2012, The Gill Framework Adaptive Enterprise Architecture Toolkit.
This book provides the synopsis of The Gill Framework for adaptive enterprise architecture.
Alzoubi, YI & Gill, AQ 2020, 'An Empirical Investigation of Geographically Distributed Agile Development: The Agile Enterprise Architecture is a Communication Enabler', IEEE ACCESS, vol. 8, pp. 80269-80289.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Khan, HU, Aruya, JA & Gill, A 2020, 'Web 2.0 Technologies Adoption Barriers for External Contacts and Participation: A Case Study of Federal Establishment of Africa', International Journal of Business Information Systems.
Bou Ghantous, G & Gill, A 2019, 'An Agile-DevOps Reference Architecture for Teaching Enterprise Agile', International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 128-144.View/Download from: Publisher's site
DevOps emerged as an important extension to support the Agile development for frequent and continuous software delivery. The adoption of Agile-DevOps for large scale enterprise agility depends on the most important human capability such as people competency and experience. Hence, academic education and professional training is key to the successful adoption of Agile-DevOps approach. Thus, education and training providers need to teach Agile-DevOps. However, the challenge is: how to establish and simulate an effective Agile-DevOps technology environment for teaching Enterprise Agile? This paper introduces the integrated Adaptive Enterprise Project Management (AEPM) and DevOps Reference Architecture (DRA) approach for adopting and teaching the Agile-DevOps with the help of a teaching case study from the University of Technology - Sydney (UTS), Australia. These learnings can be utilised by educators to develop and teach practice-oriented Agile-DevOps for software engineering courses. Furthermore, the experience and observations can be employed by researchers and practitioners aiming to integrate Agile-DevOps at the large enterprise scale.
Gill, AQ & Chew, E 2019, 'Configuration information system architecture: Insights from applied action design research', Information and Management, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 507-525.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. One of the critical information systems that enables service resilience is the service configuration information system (CiS). The fundamental challenge for organisations is the effective designing and implementation of the CiS architecture. This paper addresses this important research problem and reports insights from a completed applied action design research (ADR) project in an Australian financial services organisation. This paper aims to provide guidance to researchers and practitioners contemplating ADR, rooted in the organisational context, for practice-oriented academia-industry collaborative research. This research also contributes in terms of the CiS reference architecture design knowledge and demonstrates the applicability of the ADR method.
Alzoubi, Y, Gill, AQ & Moulton, B 2018, 'A measurement model to analyze the effect of agile enterprise architecture on geographically distributed agile development', Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development, vol. 6, no. 4.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Babar, A, Bunker, D & Gill, AQ 2018, 'Investigating the Relationship between Business Analysts' Competency and IS Requirements Elicitation: A Thematic-analysis Approach', Communications of the Association for Information Systems, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 334-362.
Gill, AQ, Henderson-Sellers, B & Niazi, M 2018, 'Scaling for agility: A reference model for hybrid traditional-agile software development methodologies', Information Systems Frontiers: a journal of research and innovation, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 315-341.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The adoption of agility at a large scale often requires the integration of agile and non-agile development elements for architecting a hybrid adaptive methodology. The challenge is "which elements or components (agile or non-agile) are relevant to develop the context-aware hybrid adaptive methodology reference architecture?" This paper addresses this important challenge and develops a hybrid adaptive methodology reference architecture model using a qualitative constructive empirical research approach. In this way, we have uncovered the agility, abstraction, business value, business policy, rules, legal, context and facility elements or components that have not been explicitly modelled or discussed in International Standards (IS) such as the ISO/IEC 24744 metamodel. It is anticipated that a context-aware hybrid adaptive methodology can be architected by using the proposed context-aware hybrid adaptive methodology reference architecture elements for a particular situation when using a situational method engineering approach.
Niazi, M, Mishra, A & Gill, AQ 2018, 'What Do Software Practitioners Really Think About Software Process Improvement Project Success? An Exploratory Study', Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 7719-7735.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals. Software practitioners have always shown a significant interest in implementing software process improvement (SPI) initiatives to ensure the delivery of quality products. Software industry and SPI methodologies have evolved over a period of time; however, still many SPI initiatives have not been successful. There is a need to understand software practitioners' perspectives on SPI success which can be helpful for tailoring or improving effective situation-specific SPI methodologies. This research presents an exploratory study of Turkish software development organizations. The main research question is: What software practitioners' really think about SPI project success. This study was conducted with 27 Turkish software development organizations to identity and analyse important SPI factors that contribute to the success of SPI projects. The results reveal that professional growth, increased professional recognition, project planning, monitoring of project risks, providing technical support, adoption of current technologies, strong leadership and commitment are among the highest ranked factors that contribute towards the success of SPI initiatives. The findings of this research provide a foundation for further work in tailoring and improving situation-specific SPI methodologies for software project environments.
Qumer Gill, A, Loumish, A, Riyat, I & Han, S 2018, 'DevOps for information management systems', VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 122-139.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: Development and operations (DevOps) is complex in nature. Organizations are unsure how to effectively establish a DevOps capability for the continuous delivery of information management systems. This paper aims to compile and analyze DevOps by applying the well-known systematic literature review (SLR) approach. This review is intended to provide a knowledge base to support the informed, effective and less risky adoption of DevOps for information management systems. Design/methodology/approach: In this qualitative research study, the SLR method was applied to identify 3,790 papers, of which, 32 relevant papers were selected and reviewed. Findings: The results are organized using the well-known ISO/IEC 24744 metamodel elements: people (roles), process, technology and artifacts. In total 11 major roles, 6 processes, 23 technologies, 5 artifacts and 7 challenges (including 6 corresponding solutions) were found. DevOps engineer is becoming a newly identified role. Continuous delivery pipeline and continuous improvement are the most highlighted major DevOps processes. Build system technology is becoming the key focus of DevOps. Finally, major challenges are around people and culture and the misunderstanding of DevOps. Potential research areas are: DevOps analytics, artifacts and tool–chain integration. Research limitations/implications: The research findings will serve as a resource for both practitioners and researchers who have interest in the research and adoption of DevOps for information management systems. Originality/value: This paper provides a comprehensive systematic review of the body of knowledge to support the ongoing research and adoption of emerging trends of DevOps for information management systems.
The main difference between various formalisms of non-monotonic reasoning is the representation of non-monotonic rules. In default logic, they are represented by special expressions called defaults. In default logic, commonsense knowledge about the world is represented as a set of named defaults. The use of defaults is popular because they reduce the complexity of the representation, and they are sufficient for knowledge representation in many naturally occurring contexts. This paper offers an incremental process to acquire defaults from human experts directly and at the same time it provides added semantics to defaults by adding priorities to defaults and creating additional relations between them. The paper uses an existing incremental framework, NRDR, to generate these defaults. This framework is chosen as it not only enables incremental context driven formulation of defaults, but also allows experts to introduce their own domain terms. In choosing this framework, the paper broadens its utility.
Niazi, M, Mahmood, S, Alshayeb, M, Baqais, AAB & Gill, AQ 2017, 'Motivators for adopting social computing in global software development: An empirical study', Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, vol. 29, no. 8.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Managing communication in collaborative global software development (GSD) projects is both critical and challenging. While social computing has received much attention from practitioners, social computing adoption is still an emerging research area in GSD. This research paper provides a review of the academic research in social computing and identifies motivators for adopting social computing in the GSD context. We applied the systematic literature review (SLR) and questionnaire survey with 35 software industry experts to address the research objective. Firstly, we implemented a formal SLR approach and identified an initial set of social computing adoption motivators. Secondly, a questionnaire survey was developed based on the SLR and was tested by means of a pilot study. The findings of this combined SLR and questionnaire survey indicate that real-time communication and coordination, knowledge acquisition, expert feedback, and information sharing are the key factors that motivate social computing adoption in GSD projects. The results of t test (ie, t =.558, P =.589) show that there is no significant difference between the findings of SLR and questionnaire. The results of this study suggest the need for developing social computing strategies and policies to guide the strategic adoption of social computing tools in GSD projects.
Gill, AQ, Braytee, A & Hussain, FK 2017, 'Adaptive service e-contract information management reference architecture', VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 395-410.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: The aim of this paper is to report on the adaptive e-contract information management reference architecture using the systematic literature review (SLR) method. Enterprises need to effectively design and implement complex adaptive e-contract information management architecture to support dynamic service interactions or transactions. Design/methodology/approach: The SLR method is three-fold and was adopted as follows. First, a customized literature search with relevant selection criteria was developed, which was then applied to initially identify a set of 1,573 papers. Second, 55 of 1,573 papers were selected for review based on the initial review of each identified paper title and abstract. Finally, based on the second review, 24 papers relevant to this research were selected and reviewed in detail. Findings: This detailed review resulted in the adaptive e-contract information management reference architecture elements including structure, life cycle and supporting technology. Research limitations/implications: The reference architecture elements could serve as a taxonomy for researchers and practitioners to develop context-specific service e-contract information management architecture to support dynamic service interactions for value co-creation. The results are limited to the number of selected databases and papers reviewed in this study. Originality/value: This paper offers a review of the body of knowledge and novel e-contract information management reference architecture, which is important to support the emerging trends of internet of services.
Alzoubi, Y, Gill, AQ & Al-ani, A 2016, 'Empirical studies of geographically distributed agile development communication challenges: A systematic review', Information and Management, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 22-37.View/Download from: Publisher's site
There is increasing interest in studying and applying geographically distributed agile development (GDAD). Much has been published on GDAD communication. There is a need to systematically review and synthesize the literature on GDAD communication challenges. Using the SLR approach and applying customized search criteria derived from the research questions, 21 relevant empirical studies were identified and reviewed in this paper. The data from these papers were extracted to identify communication challenges and the techniques used to overcome these challenges. The findings of this research serve as a resource for GDAD practitioners and researchers when setting future research priorities and directions.
Gill, AQ, Phennel, N, Lane, D & Phung, VL 2016, 'IoT-enabled Emergency Information Supply Chain Architecture for Elderly People: The Australian Context', Information Systems, vol. 58, pp. 75-86.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The effective delivery of emergency information to elderly people is a challenging task. Failure to deliver appropriate information can have an adverse impact on the well-being of the elderly people. This paper addresses this challenge and proposes an IoT-enabled information architecture driven approach, which is called "Resalert". Resalert offers IoT-enabled emergency information supply chain architecture pattern, IoT device architecture and system architecture. The applicability of the Resalert is evaluated by the means of an example scenario, a portable Raspberry Pi based system prototype and user evaluation. The results of this research indicate that the proposed approach seems useful to the effective delivery of emergency information to elderly people.
Alzoubi, YI, Gill, AQ & Al-Ani, A 2015, 'Distributed Agile Development Communication: An Agile Architecture Driven Framework', Journal of Software, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 681-694.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Agile methods depend on active communication and effective knowledge sharing among team
members for producing high quality working software systems in short releases and iterations. However,
effective communication in Distributed Agile Development (DAD) can be challenging due to a number of
different factors, such as physical locations, multi-cultures and time-zones. The agile body of knowledge
mainly discusses some technology and non-technology solutions and strategies to mitigate the DAD
communication challenges from a project management perspective. Nevertheless, it has recently been
argued that there is a need to understand and analyze DAD communication from other related but different
perspectives, such as enterprise strategy, enterprise architecture and service management. Due to the fact
that agile EA provides a holistic view and blueprint of the whole environment in which a number of projects
are developed and managed, we attempt in this study to explore the effect of agile Enterprise Architecture
(EA) on DAD communication. Particularly, we propose the development of an agile EA driven approach from
the architecture body of knowledge for handling the DAD communication challenges that have not been
thoroughly investigated before
Gill, AQ 2015, 'Agile enterprise architecture modelling: Evaluating the applicability and integration of six modelling standards', INFORMATION AND SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY, vol. 67, pp. 196-206.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gill, AQ 2015, 'Distributed Agile Development: Applying a Coverage Analysis Approach to the Evaluation of a Communication Technology Assessment Tool', International Journal of e-Collaboration, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 57-76.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Organizations have shown a significant interest in the adoption of emerging social technologies to support communication and collaboration needs of their Distributed Agile or Adaptive Development Environment (DADE). However, the challenge is how best to assess contemporary social technologies for supporting communication and collaboration in the DADE. Here, a communication technology assessment tool, called CTAT, is developed as a part of the Adaptive Enterprise Service System (AESS) toolkit by using the design research approach. This paper presents the evaluation of the CTAT construct through its use in the assessment of three social technologies within the context of a DADE. The results of this evaluation indicate that CTAT is shown to be useful, for example, when assessing a particular social technology for a specific DADE communication and collaboration context. The CTAT is intended to be used by senior developers for assessing social technologies for their DADE context.
Gill, AQ 2015, 'Social architecture considerations in assessing social media for emergency information management applications', The Australian Journal of Emergency Management, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 17-21.
The emergency management industry is showing a significant interest in the adoption of social media for sourcing and disseminating crisis information. The emergency management industry needs to identify social architecture concerns when considering the adoption of a specific social media technology. Social architecture describes the properties and environment of a social system such as the 'emergency management system'. This paper identifies a set of 21 social architecture concerns based on recent qualitative research. This set of social architecture concerns can be used as a criteria list to assess the effectiveness of social media platforms for emergency information management applications.
Agile or adaptive enterprise architecture driven software development approach requires a modelling standard to describe the existing and to-be developed artifacts both at the high enterprise level and low, detailed level. However, a single modelling standard may not be used off-the-shelf to fully support the modelling needs of an adaptive enterprise architecture driven software development needs. The modelling standards need to be systematically analyzed and integrated for a particular modelling context. This paper reviews two well-known modeling standards ArchiMate and BPMN by using the interoperability research framework. Based on the syntax, semantics and structural analysis of these two modelling standards' metamodels, it proposes a hybrid adaptive enterprise architecture modelling approach for describing and analysing the artifacts both at the high enterprise level and low, detailed level for a particular context. This paper has both theoretical and practical implications for researchers and practitioners pursuing to integrate various modelling standards.
Gill, AQ, Alam, SL & Eustace, J 2015, 'Social Architecture: An Emergency Management Case Study', Australasian Journal of Information Systems, vol. 19, pp. 23-40.
Emergency management agencies are progressively using social media for the sourcing and distribution of disaster information. Emergency management agencies are often unsure as to how to best identify and assess social media concerns (e.g. information security, trust) which must be addressed to develop a social media-enabled disaster information management environment. This paper adopts the Social Architecture Viewpoint Assessment (SAVA) framework for identifying and assessing social media concerns from four different viewpoints: IT, Value, Resource and Management. This paper demonstrates the use of the SAVA framework in the context of an in-depth empirical case study of an Australian emergency management agency. The results of this study indicate that the SAVA framework is useful for emergency information management managers in identifying and assessing social media concerns.
Gill, AQ, Bunker, D & Seltsikas, P 2015, 'Moving Forward: Emerging Themes in Financial Services Technologies' Adoption', Communications of the Association for Information Systems, vol. 36, pp. 206-230.
Financial services technologies (FST) are core to the continuous transformation of financial services organizations (FSO). To date, however, there has been a lack of empirical research into FST adoption against the backdrop of the recent financial crisis. In this paper, we re-examine how FSO are currently positioned to take advantage of emerging FST. Note that, in this paper, we look forward rather than provide a commentary on the state of the art in technology adoption research. We conducted this research by applying an exploratory qualitative study method: we analyzed interview transcripts from thirty recent interviews of FSO technology executives and CIOs by using a thematic network analysis tool. This analysis uncovered nineteen basic, eight organizing, and two global FST adoption research themes along with their links to FST adoption objectives, challenges, customer centricity, human resources, outsourcing, and overall IT strategy maintenance. This research has both practical and theoretical research implications and serves as a resource base for FSO and researchers to set future research priorities and directions. We intend for the emerging themes that we present in this paper to facilitate research directions by shedding light on the areas of greatest value and potential return in FST adoption.
Vasauskaite, J & Gill, AQ 2015, 'Rethinking Enterprise Architecture for Sustainable Energy System Development', Journal of Electronic Science and Technology, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 212-220.View/Download from: Publisher's site
AlJaafreh, A, Al-adaileh, R, Gill, A, Al-Ani, A & Alzoubi, Y 2014, 'A Review of Literature of Initial Trust in E-Services: The Case of Internet Banking Services in Jordanian Context', Journal of Electronic Banking Systems, vol. 2014, pp. 1-10.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gill, AQ 2014, 'Applying Agility and Living Service Systems Thinking to Enterprise Architecture', International Journal of Intelligent Information Technologies (IJIIT), vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-15.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Adaptive enterprise architecture capability plays an important role in enabling complex enterprise transformations. One of the key challenges when establishing an adaptive enterprise architecture capability is identifying the enterprise context and the scope of the enterprise architecture. The objective of this paper is to develop and present an adaptive enterprise service system (AESS) conceptual model, which is a part of The Gill Framework for Adaptive Enterprise Service Systems. This model has been developed using a Design Research approach. The AESS conceptual model assimilates agility, service, and living systems thinking (following multi-agent system modelling) for describing and analyzing the enterprise context and scope for establishing an adaptive enterprise architecture capability. The target audience of this AESS model driven approach includes both, enterprise architecture researchers and practitioners.
Software intensive organisations require the integration of agility, people, process, product and tool elements for establishing a hybrid adaptive software development capability. This paper presents the results of the empirical study that has been conducted to identify the important underlying characteristics of the hybrid adaptive software development capability elements. Based on this investigation, the most critical and the least critical characteristics of the hybrid adaptive software development capability elements have been identified. The findings of this empirical study have several implications, and can be re-casted into making practical recommendations for establishing a situation-specific hybrid adaptive software development capability.
Gill, AQ & Bunker, D 2013, 'Towards the development of a cloud-based communication technologies assessment tool: An analysis of practitioners' perspectives', VINE: Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 57-77.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Purpose - In distributed adaptive development environments (DADE), a primary concern is that of human communication and knowledge sharing among developers. Developers' task performance will be enhanced when their task needs are aligned with the communication media or technology capabilities of the development environment. What are actual communication needs of developers; and how do we enable developers to self-assess and select appropriate communication technology for their tasks in the DADE. The purpose of this paper is to investigate and present research based on the developers' needs for communication technologies in the context of DADE. Design/methodology/approach The authors applied an exploratory qualitative research method to investigate, analyze and integrate survey information sourced from 40 developers, to identify their communication technology needs and, based on this information, the authors then set up a practical tool communication technologies assessment tool (CTAT) to assist developers in the self-assessment and selection of appropriate communication technologies for their DADE; and also to share this assessment knowledge with other developers or teams located in various DADEs. Findings The results of this research suggest that an effective CTAT should be an integral part of the DADE; and a DADE should have a single source of information in order to avoid possible communication inconsistencies and ambiguities.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2008, 'A framework to support the evaluation, adoption and improvement of agile methods in practice', Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 81, no. 11, pp. 1899-1919.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Agile methods are often seen as providing ways to avoid overheads typically perceived as being imposed by traditional software development environments. However, few organizations are psychologically or technically able to take on an agile approach rapidly and effectively. Here, we describe a number of approaches to assist in such a transition. The Agile Software Solution Framework (ASSF) provides an overall context for the exploration of agile methods, knowledge and governance and contains an Agile Toolkit for quantifying part of the agile process. These link to the business aspects of software development so that the business value and agile process are well aligned. Finally, we describe how these theories are applied in practice with two industry case studies using the Agile Adoption and Improvement Model (AAIM). © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2008, 'An evaluation of the degree of agility in six agile methods and its applicability for method engineering', Information and Software Technology, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 280-295.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Henderson-Sellers, B & Gill, AQ 2007, 'Using method engineering to make a traditional environment agile', Cutter IT Journal, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 30-37.
Digital ecosystems are going through a period of change due to the advancement in technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT) as well as proliferation of less expensive hardware sensors. Through this chapter, we present current emerging trends in IoT in different industry sectors as well as discuss the key privacy challenges impeding the growth of IoT to reach its potential in the smart home context. The majority of the existing literature on IoT smart home platforms focuses on functionalities provided by smarter connected devices; however, it does not address the concerns from a consumer's viewpoint. Thus, the key questions are: What are the privacy concerns related to IoT, particularly from a "smart home device" consumer viewpoint? What are the existing remedial approaches for privacy management? This chapter proposes a framework to assist smart home user and IoT device manufacturer to make informed privacy management decisions. The findings of this research intend to help practitioners and researchers interested in the privacy of IoT-enabled smart systems
Gill, AQ 2017, 'Applying agility and living service systems thinking to enterprise architecture' in Decision Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, IGI, USA, pp. 487-502.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2017, IGI Global. All rights reserved. Adaptive enterprise architecture capability plays an important role in enabling complex enterprise transformations. One of the key challenges when establishing an adaptive enterprise architecture capability is identifying the enterprise context and the scope of the enterprise architecture. The objective of this paper is to develop and present an adaptive enterprise service system (AESS) conceptual model, which is a part of The Gill Framework for Adaptive Enterprise Service Systems. This model has been developed using a "Design Research" approach. The AESS conceptual model assimilates agility, service, and living systems thinking (following multi-agent system modelling) for describing and analyzing the enterprise context and scope for establishing an adaptive enterprise architecture capability. The target audience of this AESS model driven approach includes both, enterprise architecture researchers and practitioners.
von Rosing, M, Scheer, A, von Scheel, H, Svendsen, ADM, Kokkonen, A, Ross, AM, Bøgebjerg, AF, Olsen, A, Dicks, A, Gill, AQ & et al. 2015, 'Business Process Trends' in Elliot, S (ed), The Complete Business Process Handbook: Body of Knowledge from Process Modeling to BPM, Elsevier Inc., USA, pp. 187-216.View/Download from: Publisher's site
von Rosing, M, von Scheel, J & Gill, AQ 2015, 'Applying Agile Principles to BPM' in Elliot, S (ed), The Complete Business Process Handbook: Body of Knowledge from Process Modeling to BPM, Elsevier Inc., USA, pp. 553-577.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Agile provides alternative ways of working. Organizations are showing significant interest in applying agile ways of working to business process management (BPM). BPM is concerned with the automation and management of business processes. Agile ways of working can be applied to BPM planning, analysis, architecture, design, implementation, operation, monitoring, and improvement. However, the application of agile thinking to BPM is not a straight forward task. There is a need to understand the basic concepts, underlying values and principles of agile ways of working. This chapter discusses the constituent building blocks of agile and explains how to establish an Agile BPM capability.
Gill, AQ & Bunker, D 2013, 'SaaS Requirements Engineering for Agile Development' in Wang, X, Ali, N, Ramos, I & Vidgen, R (eds), Agile and Lean Service-Oriented Development: Foundations, Theory, and Practice, IGI Global, USA, pp. 64-93.
The emergence of Software as a Service (SaaS) has made it possible to develop dynamic and complex business processes as eServices. The development of business processes as eServices (SaaS) can be assisted by the means of adaptive or agile development processes. The development of business processes in terms of SaaS require to perform SaaS requirements engineering (RE), which is an important phase of a software development process for the success of any project. The challenge here is how best to do SaaS RE (e.g. mapping business process to eServices) and select agile development practices for developing business processes in terms of SaaS. In order to address this challenge, an integrated agile RE model for SaaS project development environments is outlined within this chapter. The purpose of the proposed RE model is to aid in iteratively determining SaaS requirements in short iterations as opposed to the only first and onetime upfront phase of a development process. Each identified SaaS requirement or a set of requirements for a given iteration is linked to a single or set of specific agile practices for implementation in short iterations. This model can be used as a guideline by organisations wishing to understand the challenging task of mapping business processes to SaaS and its implementation by using agile software development processes or practices.
Gill, AQ, Beydoun, G, Niazi, M & Khan, HU 2021, 'Adaptive architecture and principles for securing the iot systems', Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, pp. 173-182.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021. There is an increasing interest in IoT-enabled smart digital systems. However, it is important to address their security concerns. This paper aims to address this need and proposes an adaptive architecture driven approach to securing IoT systems. The paper proposes IoT security principles and a foundational adaptive architecture framework. These two combined provide a guide to design and embed the security across various layers of an IoT system. This will ensure that the important aspects of the IoT security are not accidentally missed, and thus provides a holistic end to end adaptive architecture driven approach for IoT security. This paper covers the interaction, human, digital technology, physical facility and environment architecture layers and principles related to IoT security as opposed to focusing only on the IoT devices. Thus, it demonstrates and concludes that the IoT security is much more than IoT device, network and perimeter security.
Anwar, M, Gill, A & Beydoun, G 2019, 'Using Adaptive Enterprise Architecture Framework for Defining the Adaptable Identity Ecosystem Architecture', https://aisel.aisnet.org/acis2019/, Australasian Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Perth, pp. 1-11.
Digital identity management is often used to handle fraud detection and hence reduce identity thefts. However, using digital identity management presents additional challenges in terms of privacy of the identity owner meanwhile managing the security of the verification. In this paper, drawing on adaptive enterprise architecture (EA) with an ecosystem approach to digital identity, we describe an identity ecosystem (IdE) architecture to handle identity management (IdM) while safeguarding security and privacy. This study is a part of the larger action design research project with our industry partner DZ. We have used Adaptive EA as a baseline to define a privacy aware adaptive IdE to make ID operations more efficient and improve the delivery of services in the public and private sector. The value of the anticipated architecture is in its generic yet comprehensive structure, component orientation and layered approach which aim to enable the contemporary IdM
Madhuri, M, Gill, AQ & Khan, HU 2020, 'IoT-enabled smart child safety digital system architecture', Proceedings - 14th IEEE International Conference on Semantic Computing, ICSC 2020, pp. 166-169.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2020 IEEE. Safety of a child in a large public event is a major concern for event organizers and parents. This paper addresses this important concern and proposes an architecture model of the IoT-enable smart child safety tracking digital system. This IoT-enabled digital system architecture integrates the Cloud, Mobile and GPS technology to precisely locate the geographical location of a child on an event map. The proposed architecture model describes the people, information, process, and technology architecture elements, and their relationships for the complex IoT-enable smart child safety tracking digital system. The proposed architecture model can be used as a reference or guide to assist in the safe architecture driven development of the various child tracking digital systems for different public events.
Nahar, K & Gill, AQ 2020, 'A Review Towards the Development of Ontology Based Identity and Access Management Metamodel', Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, pp. 223-232.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Building an identity and access management (IAM) system that satisfies business needs and can evolve over time with the ever-changing business environment, is always a challenging endeavour. This calls for the need of an ontology based adaptive IAM metamodel, which can adapt to and instantiated for different situations. To achieve this objective, the first step is to identify the relevant elements and their relationships for developing a detailed IAM ontology. Thus, this paper mainly focuses on the review of the available key models as a starting point for the identification of relevant elements and relationships for the development of the adaptable and yet generic metamodel for our industry research partner. This paper uses the graph modelling approach to present the identified elements and their relationship as an ontology, which can be used for developing the metamodel.
Dasgupta, A, Gill, A & Hussain, F 2019, 'A Review of General Data Protection Regulation for Supply Chain Ecosystem', https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-22263-5_44, International Conference on Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing, Springer, Sydney, Australia.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The data-intensive digital supply chain management (SCM) ecosystems seem to be impacted by the recent changes in the regulations and advancement in technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Analytics, Networking, IoT including proliferation of less expensive hardware devices. There is limited guidance available on how to govern the logistics sector, particularly from a regulatory compliance perspective. Through this paper, we investigate the impact of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on digitized SCM. The key questions are: What are the GPDR specific legal obligations? What is the best approach to manage data access, quality, privacy, security and ownership effectively in SCM? This research paper aims to assist researchers and practitioners to understand the impact of GDPR on SCM, provide the 4I (Identify, Insulate, Inspect, Improve) Framework and its applicability to streamline the GDPR compliance activities.
Anwar, M & Gill, A 2019, 'A Review of the Seven Modelling Approaches for Digital Ecosystem Architecture', 2019 IEEE 21st Conference on Business Informatics (CBI), IEEE Conference on Business Informatics, IEEE, Moscow, Russia.View/Download from: Publisher's site
A dynamic digital ecosystem is an interrelated network of organisations, people and/or entities that interact and collaborate for value co-creation. The challenge is how to effectively model the digital ecosystems operating in a highly complex and dynamic environment. There are several modelling approaches to choose from. There is a need to evaluate the existing modelling approaches to support the modelling of digital ecosystems. This paper evaluates the scope and coverage of the selected seven modelling approaches (Adaptive Enterprise Architecture, ArchiMate, TOGAF, FAML, ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010, SABSA, and ITIL) for modelling the digital ecosystems. Adaptive enterprise architecture is taken as a reference architecture for this review due to its higher relevance to digital ecosystem layers. The results of this review indicate that every modelling methodology is different in scope and coverage and demands the integration and tailoring of a context specific modelling approaches to provide the type of support needed for digital ecosystems.
Dasgupta, A, Gill, A & Hussain, F 2019, 'A Conceptual Framework for Data Governance in IoT-enabled Digital IS Ecosystems', Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Data Science, Technology and Applications: DATA, 8th International Conference on Data Science, Technology and Applications, SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications, Prague, Czech Republic, pp. 209-216.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Anwar, MJ, Gill, AQ & Beydoun, G 2018, 'A review of information privacy laws and standards for secure digital ecosystems', ACIS 2018 - 29th Australasian Conference on Information Systems.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018 authors. Information privacy is mainly concerned with the protection of personally identifiable information. Information privacy is an arduous task, in particular, in the context of complex adaptive and multi-party heterogeneous digital ecosystems. There is a need to identify and understand the relevant privacy laws and standards for designing the secure digital ecosystems. This paper presents the results of our information privacy research in digital ecosystems through the lens of local and international privacy regulations and standards. A qualitative research method was applied to review a set of identified privacy laws across the four layers of digital ecosystem. The evaluation criteria has been applied to evaluate the applicability and coverage of the selected seven information privacy laws to people, process, information and technology layers of the digital ecosystems. The research results indicate that information privacy is a critical phenomenon; however, it is not adequately addressed in the context of end-to-end digital ecosystems. It is recommended that a multi-layered privacy by design approach is required by reviewing and mapping information privacy laws and standards to design the secure digital ecosystems.
Bou Ghantous, G & Gill, AQ 2018, 'DevOps Reference Architecture for Multi-Cloud IOT Applications', International Conference on Business Informatics, IEEE, Vienna, Austria..View/Download from: Publisher's site
There is a growing interest among organizations in adopting DevOps approach for IoT (Internet of Things) applications. However, the challenge is: how to apply DevOps when a multi-cloud heterogeneous environment is required for IoT application. This paper aims to addresses this important challenge and proposes a DevOps Reference Architecture (DRA) to deploy IoT-applications on multi-cloud. The proposed architecture is evaluated by the means of a case study, which involves deploying an IoT application on the chosen set of clouds. The results of this initial evaluation indicate that the proposed architecture would help practitioners and researchers to understand the usefulness and applicability of DevOps approach on multi-cloud platform for automating IoT application deployment.
© 2018 authors. There is a growing interest in digital innovation and transformation among the researchers and practitioners. It has been recognised that being "digital" is not all about digital data and information technologies. The notion of "digital capability" has been increasingly embraced, but definitions of this concept have remained vague and elusive. A salient research question remains: what is digital capability? This question is explored in this paper from theoretical and practical perspectives in the form of a conceptual construct: the Digital Capability Framework (D-CaF). The framework distinguishes six levels and seven dimensions of digital capability. It is intended to provide a foundation to plan and execute digital capability driven innovation and transformation initiatives. Further, it helps identify and prioritise the research areas of high impact for further studies.
Mehar, AM, Gill, AQ & Matawie, K 2018, 'Analytical Model for Residential Predicting Energy Consumption', IEEE Conference on Business Informatics BAPAR Workshops, IEEE, Vienna, Austria.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Effective energy consumption prediction is important for determining the demand and supply of energy. The challenge is how to predict energy consumption? This study presents an energy consumption analytical regression model and process based on the project conducted in an Australian company. This study involved the analysis of household and energy consumption datasets in the residential sector. The analytical model generation process is organised into four major stages: prepared the household and energy consumption data or data cleansing, household energy consumption clustering (segmentation or groups) using k-means clustering algorithm for similarity measure in their characteristics, stepwise multiple regression for variables selection to determine the final model's predictors, and filter the final regression model to identify the influential observations using Cook's distance and Q-Q (quantile-quantile) normal plot for improvement in the model. The final filtered regression model represents 64 percent variation to the dependent variable is explained by independent variables with correlation 0.8 between energy consumption observed and predicted values. The abovementioned process and resultant regression model seem useful for developing household energy consumptions models for managing the demand and supply of energy.
Bashir, MR & Gill, AQ 2017, 'IoT Enabled Smart Buildings: A Systematic Review', 2017 Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys), Intelligent Systems Conference, IEEE, London, UK, pp. 151-159.View/Download from: Publisher's site
There is an increasing interest in the Internet of Things (IoT) enabled smart buildings. The main question is: what are the key challenges, which must be addressed to effectively manage and analyze the big data for IoT enabled smart buildings. There is a need for the systematic literature review to understand the challenges and the solutions to overcome such challenges. Using the SLR approach, 22 relevant studies were identified and reviewed in this paper. The data from these selected studies were extracted to identify the challenges and relevant solutions. The findings from this research paper will serve as a knowledge base for researchers and practitioners for conducting further research and development in this important area.
Dasgupta, A & Gill, AQ 2017, 'Fog Computing Challenges: A Systematic Review', Australasian Conference on Information Systems, Hobart, Australia.
Gill, AQ, Behbood, V, Ramadan-Jradi, R & Beydoun, G 2017, 'IoT architectural concerns: a systematic review', Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Internet of things, Data and Cloud Computing, International Conference on Internet of things and Cloud Computing, ACM, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 1-9.View/Download from: Publisher's site
There is increasing interest in studying and applying Internet of Things (IoT) within the overall context of digital-physical ecosystems. Most recently, much has been published on the benefits and applications of IoT. The main question is: what are the key IoT architectural concerns, which must be addressed to effectively develop and implement an IoT architecture? There is a need to systematically review and synthesize the literature on IoT architectural challenges or concerns. Using the SLR approach and applying customised search criteria derived from the research question, 22 relevant studies were identified and reviewed in this paper. The data from these papers were extracted to identify the IoT architectural challenges and relevant solutions. These results were organised into to 9 major challenge and 7 solution categories. The results of this research will serve as a resource for practitioners and researchers for the effective adoption, and setting future research priorities and directions in this emerging area of IoT architecture.
Alzoubi, Y & Gill, A 2015, 'An Agile Enterprise Architecture-Driven Model for Geographically Distributed Agile Development', Transforming Healthcare Through Information Systems: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Information Systems Development, International Conference on Information Systems Development, Springer International Publishing, Harbin, China, pp. 67-77.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Agile development is a highly collaborative environment, which requires active communication (i.e. effective and efficient communication) among stakeholders. The active communication in geographically distributed agile development (GDAD) environment is difficult to achieve due to many challenges. Literature has reported that active communication play critical role in enhancing GDAD performance through reducing the cost and time of a project. However, little empirical evidence is known about how to study and establish active communication construct in GDAD in terms of its dimensions, determinants and effects on GDAD performance. To address this knowledge gap, this paper describes an enterprise architecture (EA) driven research model to identify and empirically examine the GDAD active communication construct. This model can be used by researchers and practitioners to examine the relationships among two dimensions of GDAD active communication (effectiveness and efficiency), one antecedent that can be controlled (agile EA), and four dimensions of GDAD performance (on-time completion, on-budget completion, software functionality and software quality).
Bajwa, MA & Gill, AQ 2016, 'Enterprise IT Governance: Back to Basics', 25th International Conference on Information Systems Development, International Conference on Information Systems Development, AIS eLibrary, Katowice, Poland..
Bashir, MR & Gill, AQ 2016, 'Towards an IoT Big Data Analytics Framework: Smart Buildings Systems', http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7828529/, IEEE International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications, IEEE, Sydney, Australia, pp. 1325-1332.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gill, AQ & Hevary, S 2016, 'Cloud Monitoring Data Challenges: A Systematic Review', https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-46687-3_8, International Conference on Neural Information Processing, Springer, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 72-79.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gill, AQ, Chew, EK, Kricker, D & Bird, G 2016, 'Adaptive Enterprise Resilience Management: Adaptive Action Design Research in Financial Services Case Study', http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=7776665, IEEE Conference on Business Informatics (CBI), IEEE Computer Society, Paris, pp. 113-122.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Korhonen, JJ, Lapalme, J, McDavid, D & Gill, AQ 2016, 'Adaptive Enterprise Architecture for the Future: Towards a Reconceptualization of EA', Proceedings - CBI 2016: 18th IEEE Conference on Business Informatics, IEEE Conference on Business Informatics (CBI), IEEE, Paris, France, pp. 272-281.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2016 IEEE.In some conventional definitions, Enterprise Architecture (EA) is conceived as a descriptive overview of the enterprise, while in other views EA is seen as a prescriptive framework of principles and models that helps translate business strategy to enterprise change. The conceptualizations of EA also vary in scope. There is an increasing recognition of EA as a systemic, enterprise-wide capability encompassing all relevant facets of the organization, transcending the traditional IT-centric view. However, we argue that none of the conventional conceptualizations of EA are adaptive in the face of today's complex environment. We view that an adaptive EA must go beyond a single organization and fully appreciate enterprise-in-environment ecosystemic perspective. Drawing on the heritage of Open Socio-Technical Systems Design and adopting the 'three schools of thought' as a meta-paradigmatic backdrop, the paper features four different views of long-time scholar-practitioners, who discuss what an adaptive enterprise architecture would entail. Integration of these views paints a radically reconceptualized picture of enterprise architecture for the future. With this paper, we want to lay a foundation for a debate on the need for alternative conceptualizations, manifestations and research agenda for enterprise architecture.
Lumor, T, Chew, EK & Gill, AQ 2016, 'Exploring the Role of Enterprise Architecture in IS-enabled OT: An EA Principles Perspective', http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7584360/, Workshop in conjunction with the IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, IEEE, Vienna, Austria, pp. 152-157.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Although EA principles have received considerable attention in recent years, there is still little known about how EA principles can be used to govern the transformation of the Information Systems enabled organization. In this research-in- progress paper, we communicate our initial step towards answering the sub-question: how do enforcing EA principles contribute to IS-enabled OT? Based on a comprehensive literature review, we initially propose five testable hypotheses and a research model, which is a pre-requisite to developing a data-driven theory for this important area of research. It is anticipated that the ensuing theory will provide a basis for further research studying the impact of EA on IS-enabled OT. The tested research model will also provide guidance to practitioners on how to effectively design and use EA principles in managing transformative changes caused by IS within their organizations and overall industry sectors.
Weilemann, E, Brune, P & Gill, AQ 2016, 'Do They Miss the Lectures? – Flipped Classroom Perception by Software Engineering Students', Proceedings of ECSEE 2016 - Flipped Classroom Perception by Software Engineering Students, European Conference of Software Engineering Education, Shaker Verlag, Seeon Monastery, Germany, pp. 245-249.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gill, AQ 2015, 'Adaptive Enterprise Architecture Driven Agile Development', http://aisel.aisnet.org/isd2014/proceedings2015/, International Conference on Information Systems Development, City University of Hong Kong, Harbin, China..
Gill, AQ 2015, 'Learning Enterprise Agile Software Engineering: Scaling Agility at the Enterprise Level', Proceedings of the 2015 24th Australasian Software Engineering Conference (ASWEC), Australian Software Engineering Conference, IEEE Computer Society, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 148-154.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Agile software engineering practices, originated in the context of individual software project development, are getting vast attention from enterprises for handling multiple agile software engineering projects at a large program and portfolio level. Adoption of agility at a large scale is a challenging task. The success of agility adoption at a large scale is dependent on the knowledge and skills of people involved. This suggests that agile software engineering education and training remains one of the important factors for organizations pursuing to scale agile practices for large environments. However, the teaching of agile software engineering practices for a large scale poses many challenges to software engineering educators. These difficulties include how to establish and simulate an appropriate large scale software engineering environment. This paper presents learnings from teaching agile software engineering practices for large scale at the University of Technology - Sydney (UTS), Australia. The learnings from this paper can be used by other educators who are aiming to teach enterprise scale agile software engineering practices.
Gill, AQ, Chew, E, Bird, G & Kricker, D 2015, 'An Agile Service Resilience Architecture Capability: Financial Services Case Study', http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=7259951, IEEE Conference on Business Informatics (CBI), IEEE, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 209-216.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Service resilience in the face of constant business change is an imperative and complex task for any service organization including those in financial services. Yet, due to its systemic complexity, service resilience as a practice in most organisations is performed in an ad-hoc and inefficient manner resulting in periodic disruptions to day-to-day business operations. Therefore, there is an urgent need for organisations to formulate an agile or adaptive capability for service resilience architecture design and implementation that meets their dynamic business needs. This paper presents one such agile or adaptive service resilience architecture (ASRA) design and implementation capability that has been developed using an adaptive enterprise service system meta-framework (a.k.a. The Gill Framework®). An action-design research method was employed in collaboration with a financial services organisation (FSO) for the establishment of a holistic ASRA design and implementation capability.
Braytee, A, Gill, AQ, Kennedy, PJ & Hussain, FK 2015, 'A Review and comparison of service E-Contract Architecture Metamodels', Neural Information Processing (LNCS), International Conference on Neural Information Processing, Springer, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 583-595.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. An adaptive service e-contract is an electronic agreement which is required to enable adaptive or agile service sourcing and pro- visioning. There are a number of e-contract metamodels that can be used to create a context specific adaptive service e-contract. The chal- lenge is which one to choose and adopt for adaptive services. This paper presents a review and comparison of well-known e-contract metamod- els using the architecture theory. The architecture theory allows the analysis of the e-contract metamodels using a three-dimension analyt- ical lens: structure, behavior and technology. The results of this paper highlight the metamodels structural, behavioral and technological differ- ences and similarities. This paper will help researchers and practitioners to observe the existing e-contract metamodels are appropriate to the adaptive services or if thwhetherere is a need to merge and integrate the concepts of these metamodels to propose a new unifying adaptive service e-contract metamodel. This paper is limited to the number of compared metamodels.
Gay, V, Leijdekkers, P, Gill, AQ & Felix Navarro, K 2015, 'Le Bon Samaritain: A Community-Based Care Model Supported by Technology', Driving Reform: Digital Health is Everyone's Business - Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, Health Informatics Conference, IOS Press, Brisbane, Australia., pp. 50-55.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Background: The effective care and well-being of a community is a challenging task especially in an emergency situation. Traditional technology-based silos between health and emergency services are challenged by the changing needs of the community that could benefit from integrated health and safety services. Low-cost smart-home automation solutions, wearable devices and Cloud technology make it feasible for communities to interact with each other, and with health and emergency services in a timely manner.
Objectives: This paper proposes a new community-based care model, supported by technology, that aims at reducing healthcare and emergency services costs while allowing community to become resilient in response to health and emergency situations.
Methods: We looked at models of care in different industries and identified the type of technology that can support the suggested new model of care. Two prototypes were developed to validate the adequacy of the technology.
Results: The result is a new community-based model of care called 'Le Bon Samaritain'. It relies on a network of people called 'Bons Samaritains' willing to help and deal with the basic care and safety aspects of their community. Their role is to make sure that people in their community receive and understand the messages from emergency and health services. The new care model is integrated with existing emergency warning, community and health services.
Conclusion: Le Bon Samaritain model is scalable, community-based and can help people feel safer, less isolated and more integrated in their community. It could be the key to reduce healthcare cost, increase resilience and drive the change for a more integrated emergency and care system.
Aljaafreh, AO, Gill, AQ & Al-Ani, A 2014, 'Towards the Development of an Initial Trust Model for the Adoption of Internet Banking Services in Jordan', PACIS 2014 PROCEEDINGS, Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Chengdu, China, pp. 1-11.
Internet banking service (IBS) is transforming the traditional ways of customer banking. Although IBS is very common in developed countries, however, its adoption by customers in developing countries is still very slow. This may well be due to the lack of customers trust in IBS in developing countries. This paper studies the important issue of customers initial trust in IBS in the Jordanian context and proposes the customer initial trust model. The objective of this model is to understand and analyse the underlying factors that affect the early stage of trust (i.e. initial customer trust) in IBS, which may, impact customers initial intention to use IBS. The proposed model of customers initial trust in IBS integrates constructs from Diffusion of Innovation (DoI) theory, Hofstede culture theory and trust literature. The distinguishable property of this model is the incorporation of national culture dimensions on initial trust. The proposed model will assist Jordanian banks in understanding the factors that may impact their customers initial trust in IBS.
Alzoubi, YI & Gill, AQ 2014, 'Agile Global Software Development Communication Challenges: A Systematic Review', PACIS 2014 PROCEEDINGS, Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Chengdu, China, pp. 1-13.
Organizations have shown a significant interest in adopting human and communication-oriented agile practices for Global Software Development (GSD). Agile practices originated in the context of small and medium co-located project teams present a number of communication challenges when they are applied to the distributed GSD. There is a need to understand the underlying communication challenges of agile GSD environment. This paper adopts a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) approach and reports communication challenges in the agile GSD context. A customized literature search and selection criteria was first developed and then applied to initially identify a set of 449 papers. Finally, 22 of 449 papers, relevant to this research, were selected for this study. These final 22 papers were reviewed and 7 major categories of communication challenges were identified in the context of agile GSD. The review results of this paper are expected to help researchers and practitioners to understand communication challenges of agile GSD and develop tools, techniques and strategies to deal with these challenges. This paper is limited to the number of reviewed studies from selected databases.
Busch, P, Smith, S, Gill, AQ, Harris, P, Fakieh, B & Blount, Y 2014, 'A Study of Government Cloud Adoption: The Australian Context', http://hdl.handle.net/10292/8109, Australasian Conference on Information Systems, ACIS, Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 1-10.
The literature is scant around the take up rates of cloud computing by organisations. Cloud computing is nonetheless expected to be a major computing paradigm in the future. The benefits of the cloud vis-à-vis outsourcing many current in-house IT services and applications – both hardware and software based, are numerous. However, governments and many enterprises are still relatively unclear on the motives for adopting cloud technologies and the consequent benefits gained in a real-world operational environment. This paper examines the results from a survey conducted at a forum of senior government IT managers and their views towards cloud computing adoption. The paper provides insights both from technological and non-technological perspectives in the overall context of cloud adoption in Australian government enterprises.
Gill, AQ, Alam, SL & Eustace, J 2014, 'Using Social Architecture to Analyzing Online Social Network Use in Emergency Management', AMCIS 2014 PROCEEDINGS, Americas Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Savannah, Georgia, USA, pp. 1-12.
Emergency Management Agencies (EMA) are increasingly adopting online social network (OSN) such as Twitter and Facebook for interacting with partner institutions and citizens for sourcing and distributing of vital crisis information. However, EMA need to study and analyze how well they are using and, how they should be using the OSN. This paper adopts a holistic social architecture driven approach and demonstrates how to systematically study and analyze OSN adoption in the Australian EMA case study. The results of this study indicate that OSNs do not replace traditional systems and should be considered a part of the whole crisis information management environment. Further, it indicates that a holistic social architecture driven approach seems useful for studying and analyzing the OSN-enabled EMA crisis information management environment, which is critical for the identification of opportunities for improvement.
Gill, AQ, Smith, S, Beydoun, G & Sugumaran, V 2014, 'Agile Enterprise Architecture: A Case of a Cloud Technology-Enabled Government Enterprise Transformation', PACIS 2014 PROCEEDINGS, Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Chengdu, China, pp. 1-11.
Australian government enterprises have shown a significant interest in the cloud technology-enabled enterprise transformation. Australian government suggests the whole-of-a-government strategy to cloud adoption. The challenge is how best to realise this cloud adoption strategy for the cloud technology-enabled enterprise transformation? The cloud adoption strategy realisation requires concrete guidelines and a comprehensive practical framework. This paper proposes the use of an agile enterprise architecture framework to developing and implementing the adaptive cloud technology-enabled enterprise architecture in the Australian government context. The results of this paper indicate that a holistic strategic agile enterprise architecture approach seems appropriate to support the strategic whole-of-a-government approach to cloud technology-enabled government enterprise transformation.
Raduescu, C & Gill, AQ 2013, 'Towards the Development of a Complex Adaptive Project Environment Assessment Tool', Information System Development: Improving Enterprise Communication, International Conference on Information Systems Development, Springer International Publishing, Sevilla, Spain, pp. 487-498.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Aljaafreh, AO, Gill, AQ, Al-Ani, A, Al-adaileh, RM & Alzoubi, YI 2013, 'Factors Influencing Customer's Initial Trust of Internet Banking Services in the Jordanian Context', 22nd IBIMA Conference, International Business Information Management, IBIM, Rome, Italy, pp. 281-288.
Internet banking services (IBS) offer many benefits to customers and banks. IBS have widely adopted and used in developed countries, however IBS adoption in developing countries such as Jordan is still low. Lack of customer trust is considered as the most important impediment to the use of IBS in developing countries. The aim of this study is to investigate and identify the factors that influence customers initial trust of IBS in the Jordanian context. This paper adopts the qualitative literature survey approach and reports two main categories: Human category and Information Technology category. Human category includes: personality- based trust, cognition-based trust (Reputation), Institutional-based trust (structural assurance), social factors (culture) and supporting factors (relative advantages). Information Technology category includes: website factors (security, privacy, and general online experiences)). We argue that these factors can be useful for organisations in understanding and addressing customers initial trust about IBS in the Jordanian context.
Gill, AQ 2013, 'Towards the Development of an Adaptive Enterprise Service System Model', Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2013), Americas Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Chicago, IL, USA, pp. 1-9.
The continuous adaptation of modern enterprises is largely dependent on their underlying adaptive enterprise architecture capability. However, the establishment of an adaptive enterprise architecture capability requires defining the enterprise context before actually commissioning any enterprise architecture or adaptation work. This paper presents the adaptive enterprise service system (AESS) model based on the Design Science research method and Theory Triangulation approach. The AESS integrates the enterprise context perspectives from three well-known theories of agility, (agent) system, and service science. The AESS model, as a part of the large adaptive enterprise architecture toolkit, defines a modern enterprise as an adaptive enterprise service system. The adaptive enterprise service system is a multi-agent system of service systems that exhibits agility and focuses on the emerging service-centric view as opposed to a traditional product-centric view. The service-centric view of an enterprise is critical for establishing the adaptive enterprise architecture capability for handling complex enterprise transformations.
Niazi, MK, Mahmood, S, Alshayeb, M, Baqai, AA & Gill, AQ 2013, 'Motivators of Adopting Social Computing in Global Software Development: Initial Results', Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2013 Vol I, World Congress on Engineering, IAENG, London, U.K, pp. 1-5.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Abstract context: Real-time collaboration is critical for developing high quality software systems at low cost in a geographically distributed Global Software Development (GSD) environment. It is anticipated that emerging Social Computing tools can play an important role in facilitating realtime effective collaboration among teams working in the GSD. Objective: The objective of this research paper is to identify motivators for adopting social computing in GSD organizations. Method: We adopted a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) approach by applying customized search strings derived from our research questions. Results: We have identified factors such as real-time communication and coordination, information sharing, knowledge acquisition and expert feedback as key motivators for adoption of social computing in GSD. Conclusion: Based on the SLR results, we suggest that GSD organizations should embrace social computing as a tool for real-time collaboration between distributed GSD teams. The results of this initial study also suggest the need for developing the social computing strategies and policies to guide the effective social computing adoption by GSD teams.
Raduescu, C & Gill, AQ 2012, 'Handling the Complexity of ISD Projects with Agile Methods: A Conceptual Foundation', Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Systems Development, International Conference on Information Systems Development, Springer, Prato Centre, Italy, pp. 417-427.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Traditional approaches to software and information systems development (ISD) cannot fulfill the challenges presented by the complexity inherent in todays dynamic and changing environments. In this study we argue that ISD projects are socially complex endeavors and suggest that agile development methods display characteristics that justify them as being appropriate for such project environments. We suggest that one theory that justifies the appropriateness of agile methods in such contexts is the complex adaptive systems (CAS) theory. We first argue that ISD projects can be treated as CAS, and second, we assess the alignment between CAS characteristics and agile methods principles. We therefore propose and discuss a preliminary conceptual foundation for handling the complexity of ISD projects with agile methods. Our future research directions seek to investigate the applicability of specific agile methods and develop a comprehensive framework that will offer a validated theoretical justification of better approaches to manage complex ISD projects in practice.
Smith, S, Gill, AQ, Hasan, H & Ghobadi, S 2013, 'An Enterprise Architecture Driven Approach to Virtualisation', Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems (PACIS 2013) Conference Proceedings Website, Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Seogwipo City, Jeju-do, Korea, pp. 1-13.
Organisations have shown a significant interest in the adoption of virtualisation technology for improving the efficiency of their Data Centres (DC) from both the resource performance and cost efficiency viewpoints. By improving the efficiency of data centres we can sustainably manage their impact on the environment by controlling their energy consumption. The intentions are clear but how best to approach to Data Centre virtualisation is not. This paper proposes an integrated Enterprise Architecture and Information Infrastructure (EAII) driven approach to guide the Data Centre virtualisation. The EAII approach has been developed based on the review and analysis of well-known The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) and Information Infrastructure (II) model. The proposed integrated EAII approach seems appropriate to guide and align business strategy and virtualisation implementation for data centres of any size in any industry vertical.
Gill, AQ & Bunker, D 2012, 'Crowd Sourcing Challenges Assessment Index for Disaster Management', AMCIS 2012 Proceedings, Americas Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Seattle, USA, pp. 1-11.
Emergency agencies (EA) rely on inter-agency approaches to information management during disasters. EA have shown a significant interest in the use of cloud-based social media such as Twitter and Facebook for crowd-sourcing and distribution of disaster information. While the intentions are clear, the question of what are its major challenges are not. EA have a need to recognise the challenges in the use of social media under their local circumstances. This paper analysed the recent literature, 2010 Haiti earthquake and 2010-11 Queensland flood cases and developed a crowd sourcing challenges assessment index construct specific to EA areas of interest. We argue that, this assessment index, as a part of our large conceptual framework of context aware cloud adaptation (CACA), can be useful for the facilitation of citizens, NGOs and government agencies in a strategy for use of social media for crowd sourcing, in preventing, preparing for, responding to and recovering from disasters.
Gill, AQ, Bunker, D & Seltsikas, P 2012, 'Evaluating A Communication Technology Assessment Tool (CTAT): A Case Of A Cloud Based Communication Tool', Proceedings of Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems 2012, Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, AIS, Ho Chi Min, Vietnam, pp. 1-13.
A primary concern of distributed adaptive development environment (DADE) is that of human communication and knowledge sharing among geographically dispersed developers. Emerging cloud-based communication technologies claim to provide a support for communication and knowledge sharing among developers in a DADE. However, the challenge is how to enable developers to self assess and select appropriate cloud-based communication technologies for their DADE. Based on our recent empirical study, we have developed the construct of a practical communication technologies assessment tool (CTAT). We argue that, CTAT construct, as a part of our large conceptual framework of context aware cloud adaptation (CACA), can be useful to assist developers in the self assessment of appropriate cloud-based communication technologies for their DADE. This paper presents the evaluation of the CTAT by using it for the assessment of the Force.com cloud-based Chatter communication tool. The main objective of this evaluation is to determine to what extent CTAT construct is relevant, valuable and sufficient to achieve its purpose. The results of this evaluation indicate that CTAT seems useful when performing vendor independent assessment of communication technologies in order to make an informed decision about the selection of a communication tool for the DADE.
Babar, A, Wong, B & Gill, AQ 2011, 'An evaluation of the goal-oriented approaches for modelling strategic alignment concept', Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS), International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science, IEEE, Gosier, pp. 1-8.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gill, AQ & Bunker, D 2011, 'Connceptualization of a Context Aware Cloud Adaptation (CACA) Framework', 2011 IEEE Ninth International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing (DASC), International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, IEEE CPS, Sydney, pp. 760-767.
Gill, AQ, Bunker, D & Seltsikas, P 2011, 'An Empirical Analysis of Cloud, Mobile, Social and Green Computing: Financial Services IT Strategy and Enterprise Architecture', 2011 IEEE Ninth International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing (DASC), International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, IEEE CPS, Sydney, pp. 697-704.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2010, 'Empirical evaluation of Agile Process Life Cycle Management Framework', Proceedings of 2010 Fourth International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science, International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science, IEEE Computer Society Press, Nice, France, pp. 213-222.View/Download from: Publisher's site
While many organisations are interested in adopting agile methods suitable to their local circumstances, there is little guidance available on how to do so. To address this important issue, we have developed an agile software process lifecycle management framework (APLM). The APLM framework is intended for use by agile coaches, managers and consultants to facilitate the integration of agile practices into both software project development environments. This paper presents the outcomes of an empirical evaluation of the APLM framework that has been conducted by involving a practitionersâ group composed of fourteen experienced agile experts from industry. The main objective of this empirical study is to determine to what extent each component of the agile process lifecycle management (APLM) framework is relevant, valuable and sufficient to achieve its purpose from an industry practitionerâs perspective.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2010, 'Framework as software service (FaSS): an agile e-toolkit to support agile method tailoring', ICSOFT 2010, Procs. 5th International Conference on Software and Data Technologies - Vol 2, International Conference on Software and Data Technologies, SciTePress, Athens, Greece, pp. 167-172.
In a real software application development environment, a pre-defined or fixed methodology, whether planbased or agile, is unlikely to be successfully adopted "off-the-shelf'. Agile methods have recognised that a method should be tailored to each situation. The purpose of this paper is to present an agile e-toolkit software service to facilitate the tailoring of agile processes in the overall context of agile method adoption and improvement. The agile e-toolkit is a web-based tool to store and manage agile practices extracted from various agile methods and frameworks. TIle core component of the e-toolkit is the agile knowledge-base or repository. The agile knowledge-base contains agile process fragments. Agile consultants or teams can then use agile process fragments stored in the agile knowledge-base for the tailoring of situation-specific agile processes by using a situational method engineering approach. The e-toolkit software service has been implemented using a service-oriented cloud computing technology platform (Software as a Service - SaaS). The agile e-toolkit specifications and software application details have been summarized in this paper.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2009, 'Agile Software Solution Framework: an analysis of practitioners' perspectives', Information Systems: Modeling, Development, and Integration. UNISCON 2009, Procs., Information Systems: Modeling, Development, and Integration, Springer-Verlag, Campbelltown, NSW, pp. 41-52.
We have developed an agile software solution framework (ASSF) to create and tailor situation-specific agile methods by using a method engineering approach. Here, we report on a questionnaire-based survey with thirty-three experts in order to determine the relevance and importance of the aspects or elements of agile software development methodology specified in ASSF. We have analysed the relevance and importance that each respondent places on the identified elements of the ASSF.
Gill, AQ 2007, 'Defining an Integrated Agile Governance for Large Agile Software Development Environments', Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4536 - Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Program, Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Como, Italy, pp. 157-160.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper highlights the important aspect of IT governance, with the objective of defining an unaddressed aspect of agile governance, by the application of an iterative, inductive, instantaneous analysis and emergent interpretation of appropriate data-grounded conceptual categories of IT governance. An effective agile governance approach will facilitate the achievement of desired discipline, rationale, business value, improved performance, monitoring, as well as control of large agile software development environments by aligning business goals and agile software development goals.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2007, 'An agile toolkit to support agent-oriented and service-oriented computing mechanisms', Product-Focused Software Process Improvement 8th International Conference, PROFES 2007, Riga, Latvia, July 2007 Proceedings, Product Focused Software Process Improvement, Springer, Riga, Latvia, pp. 222-236.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The complex nature of the software development paradigm and the rapid acceptance of emerging abstraction mechanisms, such as agent-oriented and service-oriented computing, highlight the increasing need for re-evaluation of existing software development approaches that focus on agile software de-velopment methodologies (primarily originating in object-oriented technology); since existing object-oriented, structure-oriented and component-oriented approaches embodied in an agile approach cannot be applied immediately to agent and service-oriented computing. Therefore, we present here, an agile toolkit (Java-based) to facilitate the construction of multi-abstraction or m-abstraction situation-specific agile processes for software development projects. This paper only presents the newly emergent abstraction concepts of agent and service, and does not discuss the well-established object-oriented mechanism used in current agile approaches.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2007, 'ASOP: an agile service-oriented process', New Trends in Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques. Proceedings of the sixth SoMeT_07, International Conference on Software Methods and Tools, IOS Press, Rome, Italy, pp. 83-92.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2007, 'Construction of an agile software product enhancement process by using an agile software solution framework (ASSF) and situational method engineering', Procs. 31st Annual International Computer Software and Applications Conference, Beijing, China, 23-27 July 2007 Volume 1, International Computer Software and Applications Conference, IEEE Computer Society, Beijing, China, pp. 539-542.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Introducing a change in any software development organization is challenging; as this paper demonstrates by means of a case study for the adoption of agile practices in a large software development organization. The case study research findings indicate that a situational method engineering approach together with an agile software solution framework (ASSF) can be used to create a feasible and usable hybrid software development method by combining agile practices and formal practices for a particular situation in large software development organizations.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2007, 'Six aspects of an agile software development methodology', Online Proceedings of the European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (EMCIS) 2007, European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Conference on Information Systems, Polytechnic university of Valencia, Valencia, spain, pp. 1-11.
A shared vision of an agile methodology can play a vital role in adaptive agile software development environments as the absence of a shared or common vision is one of the main factors of software project failures. This paper presents six aspects of an agile software development methodology: agility, abstraction, process, people, product and tools. This set of aspects is an attempt to provide a guiding vision or mental-model for an agile methodology. The purpose of this paper is to explicitly describe in detail these aspects that are part of our agile software solution framework (ASSF). These six aspects can be combined to generate various situation-specific configurations of agile methodologies by using a method engineering approach.
Gill, AQ, Henderson-Sellers, B & McBride, TM 2007, 'Agile adoption and improvement model', Online Proceedings of the European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (EMCIS) 2007, European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Conference on Information Systems, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain, pp. 1-9.
Agile software development methods focus on the rapid and iterative delivery of a software product in small increments. Over the last decade, the software industry has shown a substantial interest in agile practices but there is no standard guiding vision model or framework to adopt and then use to assess or improve the agile method in a software development organization; indeed, the absence of a guiding vision model could result in the failure of the agile implementation. The purpose of this paper is to present an Agile Adoption and Improvement Model (AAIM) for the adoption, assessment and improvement of an agile software development process. We have analysed the results of several agile software process assessments, industrial case studies on the adoption of an agile approach and feedback from both researchers and the software industry for the construction of the AAIM. The AAIM can be used as a gradual road map for the adoption of an agile approach so that the required agile level can be achieved and improved over a period of time. The AAIM has been organized in three agile blocks, six agile stages (AS) and an embedded agility measurement model (to quantitatively measure the degree of agility). In AAIM, each stage specifies goals that must be achieved to attain a particular business value through the use of an agile software development approach.
Henderson-Sellers, B, Serour, MK, Gonzalez Perez, C & Gill, AQ 2007, 'Improving agile software development by the application of method engineering practices', Proceedings IASTED International Conference on Software Engineering, IASTED International Conference on Software Engineering, ACTA Press, Innsbruck, Austria, pp. 55-60.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2006, 'A framework to support non-fragile agile agent-oriented software development', New trends in software methodologies and technologies, International Conference on Software Methods and Tools, IOS Press, Quebec, Canada, pp. 84-100.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2006, 'Crystallization of agility back to basics', ICSOFT 2006, International Conference on Software and Data Technologies, INSTICC, Setubal, Portugal, pp. 121-126.
Gill, AQ & Henderson-Sellers, B 2006, 'Measuring agility and adaptibility of agile methods: A 4 dimensional analytical tool', Proceedings of the IADIS international conference on applied computing 2006, The IADIS international conference on applied computing 2006, IADIS Press, San Sebastian Spain, pp. 503-507.
Qumer, A & Henderson-Sellers, B 2006, 'Comparative evaluation of XP and scrum using the 4d analytical tool (4-DAT)', Proceedings of the European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems, EMCIS 2006.
The emergence of agile software development methods provides a contribution to contemporary software engineering practices. Agile methods have several benefits over traditional plan-based methods, in particular their ability to handle projects where requirements are not fixed. In the last few years, a number of agile software development methods have been developed but a detailed evaluation (which is essential) of these methods is not available. This paper presents a detailed comparative analysis of two well known agile methods (XP and Scrum), using the previously published 4- Dimensional Analytical Tool (4-DAT), based on four characterization perspectives: those of scope, agility, agile values and software process. A report generated with the help of 4-DAT will assist organizations in making decisions about the selection or adoption of an agile method.
Gill, A 2019, 'Adaptive Data Design'.
Gill, A 2019, 'Adaptive Enterprise Data Modelling and Design for Machine Learning & Deep Learning'.
Gill, AQ 2018, 'SECURE INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE: SECURITY BY DESIGN'.
ACS & DAMA Joint Professional Development event 2018
Chugh, R, Gill, A & Simpson, L 2017, 'One year on, is Australia's cybersecurity strategy on track? Experts respond', The Conversation.
Dickson, A & Gill, AQ 2017, 'Aquatic Sciences Data Reference Model'.
Context: To inform effective decision making, aquatic ecosystem scientists are required to integrate and interpret information from a variety of sources and domains such as biology, chemistry, hydrology, geology, meteorology, climate science and geophysics.
Problem: Preparation, analysis, interpretation and communication of data from disparate sources in different formats is a challenging task. Data from different domains can often be stored differently and is subject to multiple interpretations. This suggests a need to define a taxonomy of aquatic ecosystem data.
Solutions: To address the problem in hand, this paper proposes the Data Reference Model (DRM) to facilitate the understanding of data entities, topics and relationships of data within the Aquatic Science domain.
Research Method: A series of brainstorming exercises with experienced aquatic ecologists identified a range of data entities and an analysis of existing data standards provided clarity to the entity selection process. Adherence to the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) WaterML-WQ Best Practice and the data standards of the Atlas of Living Australia provided guidance to the development of the Aquatic Sciences DRM. The DRM is documented as a tree structure diagram and presented as a poster of data entity taxonomy, to enhance communication. Finally, it is applied to a ten-year aquatic ecosystem monitoring dataset, to demonstrate implementation.
Impact: The DRM is aimed to be an important tool for the facilitation of communication between practitioners of aquatic ecosystem science and information systems specialists. It establishes a vocabulary that the two, almost opposing parties, can comprehend and provides a structured and tested approach to data interpretation and governance.
Conclusion: The DRM is not intended to be a static document that covers the entirety of its subject matter, but rather an evolving model that, through ongoing collaboration, will facilitate communication and understandi...
Gill, AQ 2017, 'Adaptive Analytics and Information Architecture'.
The 24th Annual ACS Canberra Conference
Gill, AQ 2017, 'Adaptive Strategy: Digital Transformation in Higher Education'.
EduTech – International Congress & Expo 2017
Gill, AQ 2017, 'Building adaptive architecture as a strategic platform for digital transformation'.
2nd annual Digital Government Transformation Conference 2017
Gill, AQ 2017, 'Building an Adaptive Enterprise Architecture Capability for our Rapidly Evolving Digital World'.
CFO Edge Conference 2017
Gill, AQ 2016, 'Adaptive Enterprise Architecture Pipeline'.
Adaptive Enterprise Architecture Pipeline for Managing EA in Higher Education.
Vasauskaite, J & Gill, AQ 2015, 'Sustainable Enterprise Architecture Towards Global Competitiveness'.
Purpose. Competitiveness at the global scale is one of the key concerns enterprises need to deal within the dynamic global business environment. Enterprises need to be sustainable and adaptable to respond to the constantly changing global business landscape. The challenge is how to design a sustainable adaptive enterprise? This paper proposes a sustainable adaptive enterprise architecture driven approach to help enterprises to address the important concern of competitiveness from the perspective of today and tomorrow's global market. Sustainability is a key element of strategy for future growth of the enterprise where the resource efficient, environmentally responsible manufacturing of products that deliver sustainability benefits can leverage commercial advantage for the company.
Methodology. The methodology of this paper included quantitative and qualitative research methods: the analysis of primary and secondary sources of information. The information necessary for the evaluation was obtained from the strategic documents, statistical data sources, interviews with the experts. There was adopted a theoretical sustainable value framework and the adaptive enterprise architecture framework to developing the design of the sustainable adaptive enterprise architecture. The paper explains that an integrated approach to combining sustainability and enterprise architecture disciplines seems to be useful to address the concern of competiveness at the global scale.
Results. This paper explores the dynamic interdependencies across processes of technological innovation and production organization, education and skills formation, and economic performance. Its core argument is that economically and socially sustainable growth will depend on the evolution of the knowledge economy and the absorption and application of technological innovations and a parallel transformation of the work force in order to supply the skills needed to implement and operate the new technology and bu...
Gill, AQ 2014, 'Agile Enterprise Architecture Modeling', Orbus Software.
An agile enterprise architecture can first be modeled at a high level and the low level details can emerge later to create an evolving agile enterprise architecture. However, it requires the adoption of a standard approach for modeling the artefacts and there are a number of modeling standards to choose from. The challenge is that each modeling standard differs in its notation and scope. This paper presents the review of the four well-known modeling standards: ArchiMate, BPMN, UML, and SoaML; and recommends the tailoring of a situation-specific modeling environment for describing and analyzing the agile enterprise architecture artefacts, both at a high and low detailed level.
Ayyar, K & Gill, AQ 2013, 'An Integrated, Agile Approach to Enterprise Architecture for Managing Complex Enterprise Transformation'.
Gill, AQ 2013, 'Defining a Facility Architecture within the Agile Enterprise Architecture Context', Orbus Software.
Facility architecture is important for architecting and supporting other domain architectures, and enterprises need to understand and design it as a part of their overall enterprise architecture. However, the existing mainstream enterprise architecture frameworks lack the support for developing facility architecture. The Gill Framework provides this support, as it can be used with available tools for developing facility architecture within the overall context of enterprise architecture. This white paper explains the key components of the facility architecture domain that could help the architects, analysts, and leaders in understanding its applicability and integration with other EA domain architectures. Firstly, it discusses the need for a new facility architecture domain. Secondly, it discusses The Gill Framework and defines the novel facility architecture. Finally, it discusses the facility architecture components, concluding with a short discussion about how the facility architecture can be used within the overall context of enterprise architecture.
Gill, AQ 2013, 'Defining a Social Architecture within the Enterprise Architecture Context', Orbus Software.
Organizations have a significant interest in the adoption of social technologies (e.g. Twitter, Facebook, Yammer) for creating an effective social enterprise but before adopting any social technology, enterprises need to understand and design their social architecture. Social Architecture along with other well-established enterprise architecture domains is important for architecting and establishing an effective social enterprise. However, the existing mainstream enterprise architecture frameworks need to be extended for developing situation specific social architecture. This is where Asif Gill introduces The Gill Framework which provides the needed support for developing the social architecture and can be used with available tools within the overall context of enterprise architecture. The paper begins by discussing the need for a new social architecture domain and considers The Gill Framework. Asif then continues to discuss how the framework defines the novel social architecture and the components involved.
Gill, AQ 2013, 'The Gill Framework: Next Generation Information Management Agile Enterprise Strategy, Architecture and Solutions'.
Gill, AQ 2012, 'A decision to adopt'.
The current influx of a number of emerging technologies demands the re-examination of the financial services industry's position on potential investments in these technologies.
Gill, AQ 2012, 'Explainer: What is crowdfunding?', The Conversation Media Group.
Businesses and NGOs mainly rely on traditional approaches to fundraising. But in recent times, both sectors have shown significant interest and had great success in the adoption of crowdfunding as a contemporary approach to fundraising. However, NGOs and businesses need to recognise the challenges of adopting crowdfunding, and how they may operate and effectively use it in the future.
Gill, AQ & Livingstone, R 2012, 'Demanding times'.
Information technology has long had an essential role behind the scenes in disaster management (DM), providing the necessary support to the emergency services agencies for collaborating, mitigating, preparing, responding to and recovering from natural or man-made disasters. The emergence of on-demand elastic Cloud technology is laying the foundation to upend the conventional approach to DM, which sometimes may fail due to the unpredictable spike in the demand for computing resources. The core benefit of Cloud technology is that it allows the quick and elastic provisioning of computing power, storage, memory, servers and information systems as services during a period of disaster.
Gill, AQ, 'Agility and Learning: Applying agile practices to creating an active feedback-driven 360 learning environment'.
This talk will discuss and apply professional agile practices, originating in the context of software development, to create an active feedback-driven 360 learning environment. This talk will more specifically discuss the lessons learnt from the Business Requirements Modelling and Software Engineering Practices subjects.
Gill, AQ, 'Applying value co-creation concept from agility and service science to support collaborative learning', UTS, UTS Teaching and Learning Forum.
Organisations are embracing emerging collaborative and value co-creation concepts from agility and service science. There is not much known about agility and service science application to delivering academic subjects. This paper demonstrates how value co-creation concept from agile and service science has been applied to support collaborative learning in software engineering practice and business requirements modelling subjects at UTS in 2014. Furthermore, this paper indicates that value co-creation concept from agility and service science seems useful for improving overall learning experience and performance of students.