Sheehy, A, Smith, RM, Gray, JE & Homer, CSE 2019, 'Midwifery pre-registration education and mid-career workforce participation and experiences.', Women and birth : journal of the Australian College of Midwives, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. e182-e188.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Midwives in Australia are educated through a range of routes providing flexible ways to become a midwife. Little is known about whether the route to registration impacts on mid-career experiences, in particular, whether the pathway (post-nursing pathway compared with 'direct-entry') makes any difference.The aim of this study was to explore the midwifery workforce experiences and participation in graduates six to seven years after completing either a post-nursing Graduate Diploma in Midwifery (GradDip) or an undergraduate degree, the Bachelor of Midwifery (BMid), from one university in New South Wales, Australia.Data were collected from mid-career midwives having graduated from one NSW university from 2007-2008 using a survey. The survey included validated workforce participation instruments - the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Practice Environment Scale-Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) and the Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale (PEMS).There were 75 respondents: 40% (n=30) Bachelor of Midwifery and 60% (n=45) GradDip graduates. The age range was 27-56 years old (mean age=36 years) Bachelor of Midwifery graduates being on average 7.6 years older than Graduate Diploma in Midwifery graduates (40 vs 33 years; p<0.01). Almost 80% (59), were currently working in midwifery. Nine of the 12 not working in midwifery (75%) planned to return. There were no differences in workforce participation measures between the two educational pathways. Working in a continuity of care model was protective in regards to remaining in the profession.Most mid-career graduates were still working in midwifery. There were no differences between graduates from the two pathways in relation to burnout, practice experiences or perceptions of empowerment.
Sheehy, A, Gray, J, Smith, R & Homer, C 2018, 'Midwifery pre-registration education and career workforce participation and experiences', Women and Birth, vol. 31, pp. S10-S10.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gray, JE, Leap, N, Sheehy, AD & Homer, CS 2013, 'Students' perceptions of the follow-through experience in 3 year bachelor of midwifery programmes in Australia', Midwifery, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 400-406.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Background: providing opportunities for students to participate in midwifery continuity of care experiences is a challenge in many midwifery education programmes. The `follow-through experience' was a deliberate strategy introduced into midwifery education programmes in Australia to ensure that students experienced midwifery continuity of care.
Sheehy, AD, Davis, DL & Homer, CS 2013, 'Assisting women to make informed choices about screening for Group B Streptococcus in pregnancy: A critical review of the evidence', Women and Birth, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 152-157.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The approach to the prevention of early onset GBS disease in the newborn varies considerably from country to country. The Centre for Disease Control in the United States advocates universal culture based screening with the administration of intra-partum antibiotics, usually benzylpenicillin or ampicillin, to women who are colonised with GBS. National groups in the UK and New Zealand advocate a risk-based approach where intra-partum antibiotics are given to women with identified risk factors. The Canadian Taskforce on preventive health care has identified a third approach; where intra-partum antibiotics are given to women with a positive GBS culture and an identified risk factor. There are no national guidelines or consensus in Australia.
Kassab, M, Sheehy, AD, King, MT, Fowler, CM & Foureur, M 2012, 'A double-blind randomised controlled trial of 25% oral glucose for pain relief in 2-month old infants undergoing immunisation', International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 249-256.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This article reports a double-blind RCT to determine the effectiveness of 25% oral glucose solution in reducing immunisation pain in 2-month old infants.
Gray, JE, Leap, N, Sheehy, AD & Homer, CS 2012, 'The 'follow-through' experience in three-year Bachelor of Midwifery programs in Australia: A survey of students', Nurse Education in Practice, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 258-263.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The follow-through experience in Australian midwifery education is a strategy that requires midwifery students to follow a number of women through pregnancy, labour and birth and into the parenting period. The experience was introduced by the Australian College of Midwives as part of national standards for the three-year Bachelor of Midwifery programs. Anecdotally, the introduction caused considerable debate. A criticism was that these experiences were incorporated with little evidence of their value. An online survey was undertaken to explore the follow-through experience from the perspectives of current and former students. There were 101 respondents, 93 current students with eight recent graduates. Participants were positive about developing relationships with women. They also identified aspects of the follow-through experience that were challenging. Support to assist with the experience was often lacking and the documentation required varied. Despite these difficulties, 75% felt it should be mandatory as it facilitated positive learning experiences. The follow-through experience ensured that students were exposed to midwifery continuity of care. The development of relationships with women was an important aspect of learning. Despite these challenges, there were significant learning opportunities. Future work and research needs to ensure than an integrated approach is taken to enhance learning.
Homer, CS, Lees, T, Stowers, P, Aiavao, F, Sheehy, AD & Barclay, L 2012, 'Traditional Birth Attendants in Samoa: Integration With the Formal Health System', International Journal of Childbirth, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 5-11.View/Download from: Publisher's site
A traditional birth attendant (TBA) is a person who assists the mother during childbirth and who initially acquired her skills by delivering babies herself or through apprenticeship to other TBAs. In many parts of the world, TBAs continue to provide a significant proportion of maternity care during pregnancy, birth, and the postpartum period. In Samoa, TBAs are recognized part of both the formal and informal health care system. The aim of this research was to examine the contribution that TBAs made in the provision of maternity care in Samoa. A descriptive study was undertaken, and 100 TBAs who had attended more than 400 births a year were interviewed as part of a broader Safe Motherhood Needs Assessment. The findings highlighted that although TBAs can work in collaboration with individual health providers or facilities or be integrated into the health system, TBAs were often practicing autonomously within their communities, independent of collaborative links. This study showed that formal recognition and registration of TBAs would improve the recording of births and augment their partnership to the formal health care system. This formal registration process has since been implemented to improve monitoring and evaluation and assist future research with this important group.
Sheehy, AD, Foureur, M, Catling, C & Homer, CS 2011, 'Examining the Content Validity of the Birthing Unit Design Spatial Evaluation Tool Within a Woman-Centered Framework', Journal Of Midwifery & Womens Health, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 494-502.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Introduction: The environment for birth influences women in labor. Optimal birthing environments have the potential to facilitate normal labor and birth. The measurement of optimal birth units is currently not possible because there are no tools. An audi