Anna joined the Institute for Sustainable Futures in 2011, and works across the Institute’s Climate Change Adaptation and International Development research areas. Anna has managed several ISF projects which focus on the intersection between climate change adaptation, disaster risk management and development in the Asia-Pacific region. Her contribution to International Development research is underpinned by strong intercultural skills and a keen willingness to ensure research informs policy and practice.
Prior to joining ISF, Anna worked on a range of independent consultancies focused on climate change, disaster risk management and development in the Pacific with clients from the development and university sectors, NGOs and Pacific intergovernmental organisations. Anna worked with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Samoa and as a Research Associate at the University of New South Wales, on projects focused on Pacific climate change adaptation and disaster risk management issues. Anna’s professional experience also spans the private sector, spending three years as Climate Research Analyst for Insurance Australia Group (IAG).
In all these roles, Anna’s strong academic background in environmental science, both physical and social, diverse experience across a range of sectors and cultures, and passion for sustainable outcomes provide an excellent basis upon which she grounds her thinking.
Gero, A, Glendining, N & Jiwanji, M 2018, 'Private sector partnerships for climate change adaptation: Lessons from a Fijian case study', Development Bulletin, vol. 79, pp. 57-62.
Gender inequality, unequal power relations and discrimination are barriers that often prevent women, girls and people of diverse sexual and gender identities from equal representation and participation in many aspects of society. Addressing these issues in climate change programming is
crucial, given the ways in which climate change can amplify existing gender inequalities (CEDAW 2018). Pacific Island Countries (PICs) are already experiencing the impacts of climate change. Although the diverse cultures of the Pacific have adapted to severe weather over the millennia, the broad range and severity of climate change impacts require new interventions to ensure lives and access to basic rights are protected. All sectors and all levels of society—from local to national, rural to urban—require new ways of working to adapt to climate change. These new ways need to ensure that marginalised segments of society, including women, girls and boys, people of diverse sexual and gender identities, people with disability and indigenous people, are considered. 'Gender transformative climate change action' seeks to address some of these issues, by transforming underlying norms and behaviours, relations, systems and structures to ensure gender equality.
Winterford, K, Gero, A, Robertson, J, Getigan, R, Asker, S & Pratiksha, K 2018, 'How child and youth participation links to development effectiveness: Findings from a three year joint agency research project', Development Bulletin, vol. 79, pp. 19-23.
This paper explores the contemporary issues associated with informal settlements in the Pacific in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 11—Sustainable Cities and Communities. We explore the challenges of water and sanitation service provision in informal settlements, and describe steps being made to address these challenges. Finally, we look at the future of informal settlements in the Pacific in the context of sustainable development, examining specific examples of progress in Solomon Islands and Fiji. As urban populations grow, so too have rates of urban poverty and populations residing in informal settlements. Given the lack of suitable housing, large numbers of new settlers have no choice but to live in temporary shelters or on marginal land. Informal settlements are characterised by overcrowding, poor access to services (including water, sanitation and electricity), roads and drainage. Settlement areas are also more highly prone to natural hazards such as flooding due to their location on marginal land including mangroves, riverbanks, floodplains and steep slopes (ADB 2016). Informal settlements can exist in many different forms, from newly established settlements of disparate individuals, to those mimicking rural villages through their more mature governance and micro-economic systems (ibid). This, along with the heterogeneity of Pacific Island countries in general, highlights the need for careful consideration in supporting the sustainable development of informal settlements—an issue that cuts across many of the SDGs. As for all complex development challenges, an inclusive approach is required, as advocated by the SDGs. Governments, civil society, the private sector, donors, multilateral organisations and other actors have roles to play to ensure development progress is made for people residing in informal settlements.
Willetts, J, Gero, A, Susamto, AA, Sanjaya, R, Trieu, TD, Murta, J & Carrard, N 2017, 'Sanitation value chains in low density settings in Indonesia and Vietnam: impetus for a rethink to achieve pro-poor outcomes', Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 445-454.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This study examined the sanitation hardware supply chain in rural, low density settings in Indonesia and Vietnam. Actual costs along the chains were investigated to understand the challenges and opportunities to support affordable sanitation in remote, rural locations. Data were collected from four remote districts in Indonesia and Vietnam through a systematic value-chain analysis comprising 378 interviews across households and supply chain actors and both quantitative and qualitative analysis. Three main findings are presented. Firstly, poor households, often located in remote areas and with lower sanitation access, often experienced higher costs to build durable latrines than households in accessible areas or district capitals. Second, locally sourced materials (sand, bricks or gravel) had a greater influence on price than externally sourced materials (cement, steel and toilet pans), even accounting for cost increases of these materials along the supply chain. Thirdly, transport and labour costs represented considerable proportions of the overall cost to build a toilet. These findings highlighted logistical and financial barriers to poor, remote households in accessing sanitation. Findings can inform strategies to improve the availability and affordability of sanitation products and services, in particular key issues that need to be addressed through government and non-government pro-poor market-based interventions.
Chong, J, Gero, A & Treichel, P 2015, 'What Indicates Improved Resilience to Climate Change? A Learning and Evaluative Process Developed From a Child-Centered, Community-Based Project in the Philippines', New Directions for Evaluation, vol. 2015, no. 147, pp. 105-116.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Gero, A, Fletcher, SM, Rumsey, M, Thiessen, J, Kuruppu, N, Buchan, J, Daly, J & Willetts, JR 2015, 'Disasters and climate change in the Pacific: Adaptive capacity of humanitarian response organisations', Climate and Development, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 35-46.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Climate change is likely to affect the pattern of disasters in the Pacific and, by extension, the organizations and systems involved in disaster response. This research focused on how immediate humanitarian health-related needs following disasters are met using the concept of adaptive capacity to investigate the resilience of organizations and the robustness of the broader system of disaster response. Four case study countries (Cook Islands, Fiji, Samoa, and Vanuatu) were chosen for deeper investigation of the range of issues present in the Pacific. Key findings were that adaptive capacity was enhanced by strong informal communication and relationships as well as formal relationships, appropriate participation of traditional leaders and churches, and recognition and support for the critical role national disaster management offices play in disaster coordination. Adaptive capacity was found to be constrained by lack of clear policies for requesting international assistance, lack of coordinated disaster assessments, and limited human resources for health in disaster response. Limitations in psychosocial support and Australian medical services to meet specific needs were observed. Finally, the research revealed that both Pacific and Australian disaster-response agencies would benefit from a strengthened 'future' focus to better plan for uncertainty and changing risks.
Gero, A 2014, 'Does Aid For Trade Really Help Reduce Poverty?', The Conversation, vol. 23/06.
Aid for trade has increased globally as an approach for donors to assist developing countries to access global markets through improved trade capacity. However, there is scant evidence that aid for trade has any impact on lifting the poorest people globally out of poverty.
Gero, A, Carrard, N, Murta, J & Willetts, J 2014, 'Private and social enterprise roles in water, sanitation and hygiene for the poor: a systematic review', Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 331-342.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Micro, small and medium private and social enterprises are emerging as important players in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector. This paper provides a systematic review of literature on this topic. It assesses the current evidence base in three areas: factors affecting success of enterprise engagement; outcomes for the poor as a result of enterprise engagement; and lastly, how civil society organisations are engaging to support enterprise development. The review revealed significant variation in the level of rigour of available evidence on this topic, and reflected limited availability of highly rigorous studies. Across the literature, similar success factors were reported across the water and sanitation sub-sectors. These included constraints to business viability due to limitations in demand, lack of business and technical skills and financial challenges (e.g., access to credit). Policy, governance and institutional frameworks could either support or constrain businesses depending on the context. While some evidence was reported on the positive outcomes for the poor resulting from enterprise engagement, in general, businesses preferred servicing non-poor customers. Lastly, evidence on civil society organisation engagement was limited, and where reported, consisted dominantly of capacity building support to enterprises rather than a wider variety of roles which might be envisaged.
Gero, A, Murta, J & Willetts, JR 2014, 'Incompatible philosophies or complementary roles? Civil society and business engagement in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector', Development Bulletin, vol. 76, pp. 39-43.
Partnership with the private sector is emerging as a new
pathway to address poverty. This is the result of recognition
that external support through aid is small relative to
other sources of finance and the scale of development
challenge at hand. This concept is well recognised and was
raised in the Australian Government's Independent
Review of Aid Effectiveness, noting the need to harness
the power of business and innovation (see Callan 2012).
Other organisations have recently emerged which hold this
as their core focus, for example Business for Millennium
Development. In addition, evolving notions of social
enterprise and entrepreneurship are blurring the boundaries
between private sector and civil society, and opening up
new possibilities for cooperation and partnership as
exemplified by the water, sanitation and hygiene sector
Rumsey, M, Fletcher, SM, Thiessen, J, Gero, A, Kuruppu, N, Daly, J, Buchan, J & Willetts, JR 2014, 'A qualitative examination of the health workforce needs during climate change disaster response in Pacific Island Countries', Human Resources for Health, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 2-20.View/Download from: Publisher's site
There is a growing body of evidence that the impacts of climate change are affecting population health negatively. The Pacific region is particularly vulnerable to climate change; a strong health-care system is required to respond during times of disaster. This paper examines the capacity of the health sector in Pacific Island Countries to adapt to changing disaster response needs, in terms of: (i) health workforce governance, management, policy and involvement; (ii) health-care capacity and skills; and (iii) human resources for health training and workforce development.
Fletcher, SM, Thiessen, J, Gero, A, Kuruppu, N, Rumsey, M & Willetts, JR 2013, 'Traditional Coping Strategies and Disaster Response: Examples from the South Pacific Region', Journal of Environmental and Public Health, vol. 2013, no. 1, pp. 1-9.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The Pacific Islands are vulnerable to climate change and increased risk of disasters not only because of their isolated and often low lying geographical setting but because of their economic status which renders them reliant on donor support. In a qualitative study exploring the adaptive capacity of Pacific Island Countries (PICs) across four countries, Cook Islands, Fiji, Samoa, and Vanuatu, it was clear that traditional coping strategies are consistently being applied as part of response to disasters and climate changes. This paper describes five common strategies employed in PICs as understood through this research: recognition of traditional methods; faith and religious beliefs; traditional governance and leadership; family and community involvement; and agriculture and food security. While this study does not trial the efficacy of these methods, it provides an indication of what methods are being used and therefore a starting point for further research into which of these traditional strategies are beneficial. These findings also provide important impetus for Pacific Island governments to recognise traditional approaches in their disaster preparedness and response processes.
Mukheibir, P, Kuruppu, N, Gero, A & Herriman, J 2013, 'Overcoming cross-scale challenges to climate change adaptation for local government: A focus on Australia', Climatic Change, vol. 121, no. 2, pp. 271-283.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper aims to identify key cross-scale challenges to planned adaptation within the context of local government in Australia, and suggest enabling actions to overcome such challenges. Many of the impacts of climate change and variability have or will be experienced at the local level. Local governments are embedded in a larger governance context that has the potential to limit the effectiveness of planned adaptation initiatives on the ground. This study argues that research on constraints and barriers to adaptation must place greater attention to understanding the broader multi-governance system and cross-scale constraints that shape adaptation at the local government scale. The study identified seven key enabling actions for overcoming cross-scale challenges faced by local governments in Australia when undertaking climate change adaptation planning and implementation. A central conclusion of this study is that a cooperative and collaborative approach is needed where joint recognition of the scale of the issue and its inherent cross-scale complexities are realised. Many of the barriers or constraints to adaptation planning are interlinked, requiring a whole government approach to adaptation planning. The research suggests a stronger role at the state and national level is required for adaptation to be facilitated and supported at the local level.
Asker, SA, Gero, A & Herriman, J 2012, 'What's the future of waste?', Inside Waste.
Drozdzewski, D, Shaw, W, Dominey-Howes, D, Brander, R, Walton, T, Gero, A, Sherker, S, Goff, J & Edwick, B 2012, 'Surveying rip current survivors: preliminary insights into the experiences of being caught in rip currents', Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1201-1211.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper begins a process of addressing a significant gap in knowledge about people's responses to being caught in rip currents. While rip currents are the primary hazard facing recreational ocean swimmers in Australia, debate exists about the best advice to give swimmers caught in rip currents. Such surf rescue advice - on what to do and how to respond when caught in a rip - relies on empirical evidence. However, at present, knowledge about swimmers reactions and responses to rip currents is limited. This gap is a considerable barrier to providing effective advice to beach goers and to understanding how this advice is utilised (or not) when actually caught in the rip current. This paper reports the findings of a pilot study that focussed on garnering a better understanding of swimmers' experiences when caught in rip currents. A large scale questionnaire survey instrument generated data about rip current survivors' demographics, knowledge of beach safety and their reactions and responses when caught in a rip current. A mix of online and paper surveys produced a total of 671 completed surveys. Respondents were predominantly an informed group in terms of rip current knowledge, beach experience and had a high self-rated swimming ability. Preliminary insights from the survey show that most respondents recalled a 'swim across the rip/parallel to the beach' message when caught in the rip and most escaped unassisted by acting on this message. However, while nearly a quarter of respondents recalled a message of 'not to panic', short answer responses revealed that the onset of panic inhibited some respondents from recalling or enacting any other type of beach safety message when caught in the rip current. Results also showed that despite the research sample being younger, competent and frequent ocean swimmers, they were more likely to swim at unpatrolled beaches and outside of the red and yellow safety flags.
Bird, D, Chague-Goff, C & Gero, A 2011, 'Human response to extreme events: A review of three post-tsunami disaster case studies', Australian Geographer, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 225-239.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Investigating survivors' behaviour prior to, during and after a disaster provides emergency management agencies with greater understanding of the complexities which influence public response. This information can then be used to develop better community-based disaster risk-reduction strategies. In this paper, we review three post-tsunami disaster case studies: the Indian Ocean tsunami (IOT) on 26 December 2004, the Java tsunami on 17 July 2006 and the South Pacific tsunami on 29 September 2009. The 2004 IOT and 2006 Java tsunami surveys involved delayed-response post-disaster research using video interviewing. The 2009 South Pacific tsunami entailed rapid-response post-disaster research using questionnaire interviews. We highlight the major outcomes of each case study and, based on these, make recommendations for improving tsunami education programs in Australia. These include educating the public about tsunami risk, natural warning signs of tsunamis and regionally specific behavioural response. To help facilitate improvements to future post-disaster research, discussion on survey-related issues from each case study is provided.
de Jong, S, Dominey-Howes, D, Roman, C, Calgaro, E, Gero, A, Veland, S, Bird, D, Muliaina, T, Tuiloma-Sua, D & Afioga, T 2011, 'Process, practice and priorities - key lessons learnt undertaking sensitive social reconnaissance research as part of an (UNESCO-IOC) International Tsunami Survey Team', Earth-Science Reviews, vol. 107, no. 1-2, pp. 174-192.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper contributes to the limited literature that outlines how to develop responsible plans and processes for post-tsunami disaster work; and, it furthers a line of inquiry applicable to a wide variety of hazards, such as flooding, cyclones, earthquakes, bushfires, pandemics and terrorism.
Gero, A, Meheux, K & Dominey-Howes, D 2011, 'Integrating community based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: Examples from the Pacific', Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 11, pp. 101-113.View/Download from: Publisher's site
It is acknowledged by academics and development practitioners alike that many common strategies addressing community based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation duplicate each other. Thus, there is a strong push to integrate the two ?elds to enhance aid effectiveness and reduce confusion for communities. Examples of community based disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) projects are presented to highlight some of the ways these issues are tackled in the Paci?c. Various approaches are employed but all aim to reduce the vulnerability and enhance the resilience of local communities to the impacts of climate change and disasters. By focusing on three case studies, elements of best practice are drawn out to illustrate how DRR and CCA can be integrated for enhanced aid effectiveness, and also look at ways in which these two often overlapping ?elds can be better coordinated in ongoing and future projects
Gero, A, Meheux, K & Dominey-Howes, D 2011, 'Integrating disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in the Pacific', Climate and Development, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 310-327.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Integrating community-based disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) is identified at the policy and practical level as critical to aid effectiveness. Successful integration reduces both duplication of efforts and confusion at the community level, thus contributing to sustainable development. The challenges of integrating DRR and CCA are widely discussed from the global to the local level among policymakers, practitioners and academics alike. However, to date, little progress has been made in achieving practical solutions. By focusing on the governance aspects of DRR and CCA integration in the Pacific (with a particular focus on Fiji and Samoa), this study highlights potential pathways to overcome the separation of these two dynamic and overlapping fields. In applying the Earth System Governance framework as a novel analytical tool, we reveal that the issues of agency and architecture are especially significant as challenges to effectively integrating DRR and CCA.
Tomkins, K, Humphreys, GS, Gero, A, Shakesby, RA, Doerr, SH, Wallbrink, PJ & Blake, WH 2008, 'Postwildfire hydrological response in an El Nino Southern Oscillation dominated environment', Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, vol. 113, no. F2, pp. 1-17.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The rainfall-runoff events following five fires that occurred within a 40-year period in eucalypt forests of the Nattai catchment, southeastern Australia, were investigated to quantify the postwildfire hydrological response and to provide context for lower than expected erosion and sediment transport rates measured after wildfires in 2001. Daily rainfall and hourly instantaneous discharge records were used to examine rainfall-runoff events in two gauged subcatchments (>100 km2) for up to 3 years after fire and compared with nonfire periods. Radar imagery, available from 2001, was used to determine the intensity and duration of rainfall events. Wildfires in the study catchment appear to have no detectable impact on surface runoff at the large catchment scale, regardless of fire severity, extent or time after fire. Instead, the magnitude of postfire runoff is related to the characteristics of rainfall after fire. Rainfall is highly variable in terms of annual totals and the number, size, and type of events. Rainfall events that cause substantial surface runoff are characterized by moderate-high intensity falls lasting one or more days (=1 year average recurrence interval). These are triggered by synoptic-scale weather patterns, which do not reliably occur in the postfire window and are independent of broad-scale climate dominated by the El NiñoSouthern Oscillation (ENSO). This study highlights the importance of considering the characteristics of rainfall, as well as local factors, in interpreting the postfire hydrological response.
Gero, A & Pitman, AJ 2006, 'The impact of land cover change on a simulated storm event in the Sydney Basin', Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 283-300.
The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) was run at a 1-km grid spacing over the Sydney basin in Australia to assess the impact of land cover change on a simulated storm event. The simulated storm used NCEPâNCAR reanalysis data, first with natural (i.e., pre-European settlement in 1788) land cover and then with satellite-derived land cover representing Sydneyâs current land use pattern. An intense convective storm develops in the model in close proximity to Sydneyâs dense urban central business district under current land cover. The storm is absent under natural land cover conditions. A detailed investigation of why the change in land cover generates a storm was performed using factorial analysis, which revealed the storm to be sensitive to the presence of agricultural land in the southwest of the domain. This area interacts with the sea breeze and affects the horizontal divergence and moisture convergenceâthe triggering mechanisms of the storm. The existence of the storm over the dense urban area of Sydney is therefore coincidental. The results herein support efforts to develop parameterization of urban surfaces in high resolution simulations of Sydneyâs meteorological environment but also highlight the need to improve the parameterization of other types of land cover change at the periphery of the urban area, given that these types dominate the explanation of the results.
Gero, A, Pitman, AJ, Narisma, GT, Jacobson, C & Pielke, RA 2006, 'The impact of land cover change on storms in the Sydney Basin, Australia', Global and Planetary Change, vol. 54, no. 1-2, pp. 57-78.
This study has used a numerical model (RAMS) at 1 km horizontal grid intervals over the Sydney Basin to assess the impact of land cover change on storms. Multiple storms using the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis data were simulated with pre-European settlement land cover then re-simulated with land cover representing Sydney's current land use pattern. While all simulated storms did not respond to the change in land cover consistently, storms of similar types responded in comparable ways. All simulated synoptically forced storms (e.g. those triggered by cold fronts) were unresponsive to a changed land surface, while local convective storms were highly sensitive to the triggering mechanism associated with land surface influences. Storms travelling over the smoother agricultural land in the south-west of the Sydney Basin experienced an increase in velocity, and in a special case, the dense urban surface of Sydney's city core appears to trigger an intense convective storm. It is shown that the dynamical setting predominantly triggers storm outbreaks. This is seen most clearly in the isolated convective storm category where the sea breeze front often dictates the location of storm cell initiation.
Chong, J, Treichel, P & Gero, A 2017, 'Evaluating climate change adaptation in practice: A child-centred, community-based project in the Philippines' in Uitto, JI, Puri, J & van den Berg, RD (eds), Evaluating Climate Change Action for Sustainable Development, Springer, Germany, pp. 289-304.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This authoritative book reviews the evaluation of the development and implementation of climate change strategies.
Willetts, JR, Murta, J, Gero, A, Carrard, N & Harris, D 2015, 'Political economy influences on enterprise engagement in Indonesia, Vietnam and Timor-Leste', https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/search.html?q=collection%3A%22WEDC+C…, Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) International Conference, WEDC Loughborough University, UK, Loughborough University, UK, pp. 1-7.
Gero, A, Doan Trieu, T, Mohr, SH, Rickwood, P, Halcrow, G & Willetts, JR 2014, 'Sustainable Water and Sanitation Services for all in a Fast Changing World: Relying on markets to address human rights: sanitation supply chain analysis in low-density settings', Water, Engineering and Development Centre Knowledge Base, Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) International Conference, WEDC International Conferences, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 1-6.
Market-based approaches to improving sanitation coverage have increased in recent years, however the equity implications of these approaches, particularly in the face of the recently established human right to sanitation in 2010, requires a closer examination of the costs of sanitation products and services in remote, rural locations. This paper presents results from a recent study examining the sanitation supply-chain in the province of Dien Bien in north-west Vietnam, a low-density rural setting with high rates of poverty. It was found that current toilet coverage is lower in areas of high poverty, and that these areas also experience the highest costs of sanitation products due to the impact of distance and transport costs. We conclude that market-based approaches require nuanced application and that other forms of support or significant market intervention are likely required to ensure equitable outcomes in remote rural contexts.
Gero, A, Murta, J, Willetts, JR, Carrard, NR & Leong, L 2013, 'Incompatible philosophies or complementary roles? Civil society and business engagement in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector', Development Futures: Alternative pathways to end poverty, Fourth ACFID University Network Conference, University of Technology, Sydney.
Gero, A, Fletcher, SM, Rumsey, M, Thiessen, J, Kuruppu, N, Daly, J, Buchan, J & Willetts, JR 2013, 'Disaster response and adaptive capacity in the Pacific', Climate Adaptation 2013: Knowledge + Partnerships, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF) National Conference, Sydney, Australia.
Gero, A 2012, 'Regional synthesis report: Pacific Regional Progress in DRM since 2009', 4th Session of the Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management, Noumea, New Caledonia.
Kuruppu, N, Mukheibir, P, Murta, J, Gero, A, Brennan, T & Chong, J 2012, 'Enhancing the adaptive capacity of Small-to-Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Australia to climate change and variability', Climate Adaptation in Action 2012: Sharing knowledge to adapt, Climate Adaptation in Action 2012: Sharing knowledge to adapt, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF), Melbourne, Australia.
Mukheibir, P, Kuruppu, N, Gero, A & Herriman, J 2012, 'Cross-scale barriers to climate change adaptation in local government, Australia', National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility's (NCCARF's) Climate Adaptation in Action 2012: Sharing knowledge to adapt, Melbourne, Australia.
Fletcher, S, Gero, A, Rumsey, M, Willetts, JR, Daly, J, Buchan, J, Thiessen, J & Kuruppu, N 2012, 'Understanding adaptive capacity to emergencies in the Pacific in the context of climate change', National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility's (NCCARF's) Climate Adaptation in Action 2012: Sharing knowledge to adapt, Melbourne, Australia.
White, S, Cordell, DJ, Herriman, J, Moore, DD, Gero, A & Mason, LM 2011, 'Local government and landfill futures', Proceedings of ACELG's Local Government Researchers Forum 2011, ACELG's Local Government Researchers Forum 2011: Local governance in transition, Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government (ACELG), University of Technology, Sydney, Australia, pp. 1-13.
Gero, A Australian Humanitarian Partnership 2019, Responding for Impact: Lessons and learning from the Australian humanitarian sector, Canberra.
Chong, J, Treichel, P, Gero, A, Nuestro, R, McDonough, J, Azucena, W, Abes, J & Abogado, N 2015, Child-Centred Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation in the Philippines: Guidance document for Local-level indicators: A process to help understand how children and their communities are adapting to climate change.
How do we know if a climate change program has helped children and their communities adapt to the impacts of climate change? What does successful adaptation look like from the perspective of children, youth and their communities? This guidance document provides details of a focus group discussion (FGD) process and tools, including additional interview questions and an analysis guide, to help practitioners answer these questions – specifically, to understand how children and their communities have been supported to adapt to climate change, through participation in the Australian Aid-funded Child-Centred Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation (CC-CBA) Project in the Philippines. The process in this guidance document, including FGD questions, has been field-tested with children and their communities and iteratively refined over the course of this project. The framework for answering these questions is based on local-level indicators of climate change adaptation. These indicators are intended to help understand changes and progress as a result of project activities. The FGD process is thus qualitative. Some indicators can also be translated through scalar (quantitative) measures.
Chong, J, Triechel, P, Gero, A, Nuestro, R, McDonough, J, Acuzena, W, Abes, J & Abogado, N 2015, Child-Centred Community-Based Adaptation in the Philippines: Local Indicators Guidance Document.
Murta, J, Gero, A & Willetts, J Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney 2015, Motivators and barriers for water enterprises in Vietnam, Enterprise in WASH – Research Report 4.
Willetts, JR, Gero, A, Murta, J, Trieu Thanh, D & Mohr, S Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney 2015, Sanitation value chains in low density settings in Vietnam, Enterprise in WASH – Research Report 2.
Enterprise in WASH is a joint research project led by the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) at the University of Technology, Sydney, which investigates the role of private and social enterprises in the delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services for the poor. In particular, the research aims to support civil society organisations (CSOs) engaged at the interface of public sector, private and social enterprise, and civil society.
White, S, Herriman, E, Giurco, D, Cordell, D, Gero, A, Mason, L, May, D, Mohr, S, Moore, D & Asker, S CRC CARE 2014, Landfill Futures: : National Guideline Document, no. CRC CARE Technical Report 30, Adelaide.
This report looks at the past and present roles of landfills in Australian waste management and considers the requirements for a sustainable future. The research used a test case to apply an integrated resource planning model to waste. The results suggest that disposal to landfill may be an expensive and less preferred option compared to others, in many cases, but still have a role to play in specific contexts where the costs of other options are higher.
Gero, A & Chong, J Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS 2013, Child centered-Community based climate change adaptation in the Philippines. Local indicators research: A review of literature on local indicators of adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change, pp. 1-36, Sydney.
Mukheibir, P, Kuruppu, N, Gero, A & Herriman, E National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility 2013, Cross-scale barriers to climate change adaptation in local government, Australia, Cross-scale barriers to climate change adaptation in local government, Australia: Final report, pp. 1-101, Gold Coast.
This report documents a study aimed at identifying cross-scale barriers to planned adaptation within the context of local government in Australia, and the development of enabling actions to overcome these barriers. Many of the impacts of climate change and variability have been, or will be, experienced at the local level. As a result, local governments in Australia (and overseas) have initiated plans to adapt to these impacts. However, the pathway to planning and implementation of adaptation is not a barrier-free process. Local governments are embedded in a larger governance context that has the potential to limit the effectiveness of planned adaptation initiatives on the ground. Identifying barriers or constraints to adaptation is an important process in supporting successful adaptation planning, particularly where reworking the path-dependent institutional structures, organisational cultures and policy-making procedures is required.
Fletcher, SM, Gero, A, Thiessen, J, Willetts, JR, Rumsey, M, Daly, J, Buchan, J & Kuruppu, N Institute for Sustainable Futures, and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2013, Understanding the Pacific's adaptive capacity to emergencies in the context of climate change: Country Report - Fiji, pp. 1-35, Sydney.
Fletcher, SM, Gero, A, Thiessen, J, Willetts, JR, Rumsey, M, Daly, J, Buchan, J & Kuruppu, N Institute for Sustainable Futures, and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2013, Understanding the Pacific's adaptive capacity to emergencies in the context of climate change: Country Report - Samoa, pp. 1-30, Sydney.
Fletcher, SM, Rumsey, M, Thiessen, J, Gero, A, Kuruppu, N, Buchan, J, Daly, J & Willetts, JR Institute for Sustainable Futures, and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2013, Disaster response systems in the Pacific: Policy Brief, pp. 1-4, Sydney.
Fletcher, SM, Rumsey, M, Thiessen, J, Gero, A, Kuruppu, N, Buchan, J, Daly, J & Willetts, JR Institute for Sustainable Futures, and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2013, Disaster response systems in the Pacific: Policy Brief for Regional Organisations, pp. 1-4, Sydney.
Gero, A, Fletcher, SM, Rumsey, M, Thiessen, J, Kuruppu, N, Buchan, J, Daly, J & Willetts, JR National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility 2013, Disaster response and climate change in the Pacific, pp. 1-216, Sydney.
Disasters, and therefore disaster response, in the Pacific are expected to be affected by climate change. This research addressed this issue, and focused on the immediate humanitarian needs following a disaster, drawing upon adaptive capacity as a concept to assess the resilience of individual organisations and the robustness of the broader system of disaster response. Four case study countries (Fiji, Cook Islands, Vanuatu and Samoa) were chosen for deeper investigation of the range of issues present in the Pacific. The research process was guided by a Project Reference Group, which included key stakeholders from relevant organisations involved in Pacific disaster response to guide major decisions of the research process and to influence its progression
Gero, A, Fletcher, SM, Rumsey, M, Thiessen, J, Kuruppu, N, Buchan, J, Daly, J & Willetts, JR Institute for Sustainable Furtures and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2013, Disaster response systems in the Pacific: Policy Brief for Pacific Island Countries, pp. 1-4, Sydney.
Gero, A, Fletcher, SM, Thiessen, J, Willetts, JR, Rumsey, M, Daly, J, Buchan, J & Kuruppu, N Institute for Sustainable Futures, and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2013, Understanding the Pacific's adaptive capacity to emergencies in the context of climate change: Country Report - Vanuatu, pp. 1-36, Sydney.
Gero, A, Fletcher, SM, Thiessen, J, Willetts, JR, Rumsey, M, Daly, J, Buchan, J & Kuruppu, N National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF) 2013, Understanding the Pacific's adaptive capacity to emergencies in the context of climate change: Country Report- Cook Islands, pp. 1-33, Australia.
Cordell, DJ, Moore, DD, Gero, A, Herriman, J, Mason, LM & White, S Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS 2012, Sustainability costs and challenges of waste management and mitigation in Australia: Technical report, pp. 1-51, Sydney, Australia.
Gero, A & Asker, S 2012, The Role of Child and Youth Participation in Development Effectiveness: A literature review, pp. 1-15.
Gero, A, Herriman, J, Cordell, DJ, Mason, LM, Moore, DD & White, S Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS 2012, Landfill Futures: Stakeholder interview summary report. Technical report, pp. 1-43, Sydney, Australia.
Mason, LM, Gero, A, Herriman, J, Cordell, DJ, Moore, DD & White, S Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS 2012, Understanding the Future of Landfills: Waste management policy in Australia. Technical report, pp. 1-55, Sydney, Australia.
White, S, Herriman, J, Giurco, D, Cordell, DJ, Gero, A, Mason, LM, May, D, Mohr, SH & Moore, DD Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS 2012, Landfill Futures: Synthesis report, pp. 1-6, Sydney, Australia.
Fletcher, SM, Gero, A, Rumsey, M, Willetts, JR, Daly, J, Buchan, J, Kuruppu, N & Thiessen, J WHO Collaborating Centre and the Institute for Sustainable Futures, UTS 2012, Review of Australia's Overseas Disaster and Emergency Response, pp. 1-30, Sydney.
Gero, A, Willetts, JR, Daly, J, Buchan, J, Rumsey, M, Fletcher, SM & Kuruppu, N Institute for Sustainable Futures and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2012, Background Review: Disaster Response System of Four Pacific Island Countries, pp. 1-66, Sydney, Australia.
Gero, A, Willetts, JR, Daly, J, Buchan, J, Rumsey, M, Fletcher, SM & Kuruppu, N Institute for Sustainable Futures and WHO Collaborating Centre, UTS 2012, Projected climate change impacts in the Pacific: A summary, pp. 1-22, Sydney, Australia.
Gero, A, Meheux, K & Dominey-Howes, D Australian Tsunami Research Centre and Natural Hazards Research Laboratory, University of New South 2010, Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in the Pacific: The challenge of integration. ATRC-NHRL Miscellaneous Report 4, pp. 1-68, Sydney, Australia.
Integrating community based disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) is identified at the policy and practical level as crucial to aid effectiveness. Successful integration reduces both duplication of efforts and confusion at the community level. This research focuses on Pacific community based DRR and CCA initiatives, and draws upon the knowledge and insight of key stakeholders from multiple backgrounds to develop an understanding of the current status of DRR and CCA in the region. Additional understanding is gained through detailed case studies of current projects in Fiji and Samoa which highlight the challenges and best practice methods used to integrate DRR and CCA in current community based projects.
Gero, A Disaster related human mobility within relevant Pacific regional laws, policies and frameworks – Discussion Paper..
Gero, A 2014, 'Does 'aid for trade' really help reduce poverty?', The Conversation.