Alan is a prominent urban and housing studies scholar. He is the lead Chief Investigator on an Australian Research Council Linkage project titled, 'Waithood: The experience of being on the social housing waiting list' (2020-2022). He is also the lead Chief Investigator for an Australian Research Council Discovery study (2019-2021) titled 'A hidden crisis? The experience and impacts of precarious housing among international students in the private rental sector’'. He is Chief Investigator on an Australian Research Council Linkage grant (2017-2019) titled 'Local government and housing in the 21st century'. In 2014-2016 he was lead Chief Investigator on an Australian Research Council Discovery project titled 'Stuck here forever? The dynamics and social consequences of long-term private renting in Australia'.
He has published extensively in highly rated peer reviewed journals in Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States and South Africa. His most recent book, (2018) Gentrification and Displacement: The Forced Relocation of Public Housing Tenants in Inner Sydney examines the displacement of public housing tenants in Millers Point, one of oldest public housing areas in Australia. The Australian Dream: Housing Experiences of Older Australians (2016, CSIRO Publishing) examines the impact of housing tenure on older Australians who are dependent on the Age Pension. In 2015 his book, A Practical Introduction to In-depth Interviewing, was published by SAGE.
Alan has extensive teaching experience. He has held academic positions in the Department of Sociology at the University of the Witwatersrand (1989 to 1999) and the School of Social Science and Policy at the University of New South Wales (2001 to 2013) where he coordinated and taught a number of undergraduate and postgraduate courses.
He has a PhD in Sociology from the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa. His PhD was a major mixed methods study of inner-city transition in Johannesburg during the final years of apartheid. The book based on the PhD, Bleakness and Light: Inner-City Transition in Hillbrow, Johannesburg, is one of the key South African texts in urban studies. In 2000 it was one of two books to receive an ‘honourable mention’ by the Noma Award Jury, the premier award for publishing in Africa. The jury commented that the book was: “A scrupulous and fascinating micro-study of social behaviour and attitudes … It stands among the best of empirical work conducted in the social sciences in Africa”.
The Australian Sociological Association (TASA)
The International Sociological Association (ISA)
Board member of the Research Committee of the International Sociological Association Research Committee 43 (Housing and the Built Environment)
Editorial Board of the Economic Labour Relations Review
Can supervise: YES
Housing and Ageing
This book examines the forced displacement of public housing residents in Sydney's Millers Point and The Rocks communities. It considers the strategies deployed by the government to pressure tenants to move, and the social and personal impacts of the displacement on the residents themselves. Drawing on in-depth interviews with tenants alongside government and media communications, the Millers Point case study offers a penetrating and moving analysis of gentrification and displacement in one of Australia's oldest and more unique working class and public housing neighbourhoods. Gentrification and Displacement advances work in urban studies by charting trends in urban renewal and displacement, furthering our understanding of public housing, gentrification and the effects of forced relocation on vulnerable urban communities.
Morris, A 2016, The Australian Dream: Housing Experiences of Older Australians, 1, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Australia is experiencing a significant demographic shift – the proportion of the population that is aged 65 years and older has increased substantially and is continuing to do so. With this shift comes particular housing challenges for older people. The Australian Dream examines the impacts of housing tenure on older Australians who are solely or primarily dependent on the Age Pension for their income. Drawing on 125 in-depth interviews, it compares the life circumstances of older social housing tenants, private renters and homeowners – their capacity to pay for their accommodation, how this cost impacts on their ability to lead a decent life and pursue social and leisure activities, and how their housing situation affects their health and wellbeing.
The book considers some key questions: Are older homeowners who are solely dependent on the single Age Pension managing financially? Are they able to maintain their homes and engage in social activity? How are older private renters who have to pay market rents faring in comparison with older homeowners and social housing tenants? What are the implications of subsidised rents and legally guaranteed security of tenure for older social housing tenants?
This pioneering research starkly and powerfully reveals the fundamental role that affordable, adequate and secure housing plays in creating a foundation for a decent life for older Australians.
Morris, A 2015, A Practical Introduction to In-depth Interviewing, Sage, London.
Are you new to qualitative research or a bit rusty and in need of some inspiration? Are you doing a research project involving in-depth interviews? Are you nervous about carrying out your interviews?
This book will help you complete your qualitative research project by providing a nuts and bolts introduction to interviewing. With coverage of ethics, preparation strategies and advice for handling the unexpected in the field, this handy guide will help you get to grips with the basics of interviewing before embarking on your research. While recognising that your research question and the context of your research will drive your approach to interviewing, this book provides practical advice often skipped in traditional methods textbooks.
Written with the needs of social science students and those new to qualitative research in mind, the book will help you plan, prepare for, carry out and analyse your interviews.
morris, A & Bouillon, A 2001, African Immigration to South Africa Francophone Migrants of the 1990s, 1, Protea Boekhuis.
Such stereotyping helps create and reinforce a xenophobic climate. The papers in this book explore and attempt to understand the nature of the phenomenon.
Morris, A 1999, Bleakness and Light: Inner-City Transition in Hillbrow, Johannesburg, 2, University of the Witwatersrand Press, Johannesburg.
Morris, A 2020, 'The bushfires in Australia and housing', Housing Finance International, vol. XXXIV, no. 3, pp. 45-48.
Morris, A, Beer, A, Martin, J, Horne, S, Davis, C, Budge, T & Paris, C 2020, 'Australian local governments and affordable housing: Challenges and possibilities', The Economic and Labour Relations Review, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 14-33.View/Download from: Publisher's site
For an increasing proportion of Australian households, the Australian dream of home ownership is no longer an option. Neoliberal housing policy and the financialisation of housing has resulted in a housing affordability crisis. Historically, Australian housing policy has afforded only a limited role to local government. This article analyses the results of a nation-wide survey of Australian local governments' perceptions of housing affordability in their local government area, the possibilities for their meaningful intervention, the challenges they face, the role of councillors and councils' perceptions of what levels of government should take responsibility for housing. Almost all of the respondents from Sydney and Melbourne councils were clear that there is a housing affordability crisis in their local government area. We apply a framework analysing housing policy in the context of neoliberalism and the related financialisation of housing in order to analyse the housing affordability crisis in Sydney and Melbourne. We conclude that in order to begin resolving the housing crisis in Australia's two largest cities there has to be an increasing role for local government, a substantial increase in the building of social and affordable housing and a rollback of policies that encourage residential property speculation.
Morris, A 2020, 'An impossible task? Neoliberalism, the financialisation of housing and the City of Sydney's endeavours to address its housing affordability crisis', International Journal of Housing Policy, pp. 1-25.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Morris, A, Beer, A, Paris, C, Martin, J, Budge, T & Horne, S 2020, 'International perspectives on local government and housing: the Australian case in context', Urban Policy and Research.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This paper examines the role of local government in the provision of housing across advanced economies in the contemporary economy and historically, while seeking to locate the Australian experience in a broader international perspective. It argues that while the details of recent developments in Australian local government are unique, in broader terms they are in line with wider shifts observable across nations. The paper finds that while there is a high degree of path dependency in the ways in which local governments engage with housing market processes, ongoing housing affordability challenges have given rise to policy innovation and new programmatic perspective. These developments have reflected non-systematic, and often disruptive, change rather than the continuation of predictable trends. The paper argues such evolution will continue into the future and will be more likely to deliver benefits to the local government sector and housing affordability if acknowledged and enabled by more senior tiers of government.
Morris, A 2020, 'The bushfires in Australia and housing', Housing Finance International, vol. XXXIV, no. 3, pp. 45-48.
Morris, A & Verdasco, A 2020, 'Loneliness and housing tenure: Older private renters and social housing tenants in Australia', Andrea.
Loneliness is recognised as one the most pressing issues of the contemporary period and if left untreated can have serious health implications. We argue that a key determinant of loneliness for older people (65 plus) in Australia dependent on the government Age Pension for their income is their housing tenure. Drawing on over 100 in-depth interviews, we show that older Australians who are private renters are far more likely than their counterparts in social housing to experience loneliness. The high cost of their accommodation results in private renters having no resources for socialising and the possibility that they can be asked to vacate at any time evokes much anxiety. These features makes retaining social ties extremely difficult and many experience loneliness. In contrast, the manageable rent of older social housing tenants and guaranteed security of tenure generate a foundation for social engagement and maintaining strong friendships.
Any attempt to provide an account of 'the Sydney economy' is faced with a choice of which particular account to provide. For some, this assertion may be disconcertingly post-realist and an unworthy distraction from evidence-based policy prescription. However, it is worth reiterating our observation from Section 2 about the global city generally, namely that it is an analytical concept rather than denoting a particular authoritative jurisdiction. In the case of Sydney this is particularly so, as the metropolitan region is not governed by a discrete political entity. In the language of public economics, Oates' (1972: 34) 'correspondence principle', whereby the 'jurisdiction that determines the level of provision of the public good includes precisely that set of individuals who consume the good' decidedly does not apply to Sydney. Rather, the city is governed by an ensemble of authorities, principal of which is the sovereign state of NSW, inclusive of its various departments (Department of Planning and Environment [DP&E]; Premier's Department [Premier's], for example). Beneath the authority of the sovereign state sit 30 Local Government Areas (LGAs), one of which is the City of Sydney, which both historically and contemporaneously has been constituted under a separate act of state government legislation (see Grant and Drew, 2017: 27–37).
Hulse, K, Morris, A & Pawson, H 2019, 'Private Renting in a Home-owning Society: Disaster, Diversity or Deviance?', Housing, Theory and Society, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 167-188.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The rise in private renting in home ownership societies has been variously interpreted as increasing risk and insecurity and providing more flexible housing options for an increasingly diverse resident cohort. Drawing on an original survey and in-depth interviews with private renters in two cities in a classic home ownership society (Australia), there is clear support for the "disaster" interpretation in respect of low-income households renting in outer urban areas, with financial stress and insecurity reflecting and compounding disadvantage. For many others, private renting can be interpreted as a "constructive coping" strategy in the context of urban housing market restructuring. A sizeable cohort of private renters explicitly prioritises living in a desired inner/middle city location over owning. One – albeit relatively small group – appears "deviant" from the home ownership norm in associating private renting with greater lifestyle freedom. The paper contributes an understanding that location and lifestyle are of paramount importance to many private renters rather than housing tenure per se.
Morris, A 2019, ''Super-gentrification' triumphs: gentrification and the displacement of public housing tenants in Sydney's inner-city', Housing Studies, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1071-1088.View/Download from: Publisher's site
© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This study analyses the super-gentrification of Millers Point, an inner-city area in Sydney, Australia, and the displacement of its 465 public housing tenants. Drawing on in-depth interviews with public housing tenants and homeowners, media reports and government media releases, it argues that a key reason for the displacement was the super-gentrification of the area that was hastened dramatically by the Barangaroo development, a massive urban spectacle on the site of the old port adjacent to Millers Point. Unlike the earlier analyses of super-gentrification described by Lees and Butler where an already gentrified area is settled by super wealthy households over a period of time, the shift to super-gentrification status in Millers Point did not involve households moving into an area already gentrified. Rather, the process was premised on the Barangaroo development and the displacement of public housing tenants. The displacement meant that the heritage-listed public housing dwelling were now available for purchase by exceptionally wealthy households.
Morris, A 2019, ''Communicide': The destruction of a vibrant public housing community in inner Sydney through a forced displacement', Journal of Sociology, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 270-289.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In 2014, the New South Wales government announced that all of the 465 public housing tenants in Millers Point in inner Sydney, are to be relocated and their homes sold. This article, drawing on 41 semi-structured interviews with tenants who were residents at the time of the announcement, has two main aims. First, to contribute to the debate as to the continuity or otherwise of community in a global city in late modernity by closely examining the sense of community among the public housing tenants in Millers Point at the time of the displacement announcement. The second aim is to examine what I have termed 'communicide'. I argue that the displacement policy directed at Millers Point public housing tenants can be described as an act of communicide as it destroyed a vibrant community causing tremendous dislocation and stress. After the move, many tenants found themselves deeply isolated.
Morris, A 2019, 'House prices plummet in Sydney: the financialisation of housing comes unstuck', Housing Finance International, vol. XXXIII, no. 4, pp. 19-24.
The article sets out to explain the dramatic turnaround in the residential property market in Sydney. The primary argument is that the decline is linked to a serious disruption of the intense financialisation of housing that characterised Sydney's housing market over the last decade. The disruption was mainly due to an increasing fear by the Reserve Bank of Australia [RBA] and the regulators of the financial services industry, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority [APRA]1 and the Australian Securities and Investment Commission [ASIC],2 that the price increases were creating an environment fraught with risk.
The article first briefly outlines the features of the financialisation of housing in Sydney. It then examines the reasons for the financialisation of housing creating the 'seeds of its own destruction'.
The article examines how the housing tenure of older Australians, who are primarily or solely dependent on the government age pension for their income, impacts on their health. Drawing on 125 in-depth interviews with older private renters, social housing tenants and homeowners, it focuses mainly on interviewees' narratives as to the impacts of their housing tenure on their mental health and outlook. It illustrates that security of tenure and cost of accommodation potentially has a profound impact on the psychological health of older Australians. Most of the older private renters told of being constantly stressed due to concerns about being given notice to vacate or an untenable rent increase. In contrast, the strong security of tenure and limited accommodation costs of older social housing tenants and homeowners created a foundation for a positive outlook and the capacity to lead a decent life.
Morris, A 2018, 'The financialisation of housing and the housing affordability crisis in Sydney', Housing Finance International, vol. XXXII, no. 4, pp. 63-69.
Pawson, H, Hulse, K & Morris, A 2017, 'Interpreting the rise of long-term private renting in a liberal welfare regime context', Housing Studies, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1062-1084.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In liberal market Anglophone nations private rental housing is typically lightly regulated, offering residents little security of tenure. This is important in the context of a sector expanding to encompass growing numbers of families with children and others resident for long periods. Australia's rate of long-term private renting (at least 10 years in the sector) has doubled since the 1990s.This means drawn-out exposure to risks of landlord-instigated moves and unpredictable rent increases. We explore the factors underlying this development and its implications in terms of the experiences and perspectives of long-term (private) renters – LTRs. While increasingly unaffordable home ownership is likely the prime factor underlying rising LTR rates, lifestyle choices are also significant – at least in Australia's major cities which offer scope for trading-off desired location against owner-occupier status. While many tenants appear sanguine about their housing security, this is highly problematic for the lower-income residents lacking other choices and many of whom are likely to remain lifelong renters.
Morris, A 2017, 'The removal of Millers Point public housing tenants in inner-Sydney by the New South Wales government: Narratives of government and tenants', Urban Policy and Research, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 459-471.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In 2014, the New South Wales (NSW) government announced that it was to evict all of the approximately 580 public housing tenants from Millers Point and The Rocks in inner Sydney, sell the properties and use the proceeds to build social housing. This article, drawing on government media material and in-depth interviews with tenants, examines the removal process and contrasts the government's narrative with that of the tenants. What is argued is that the displacement reflects how in the current neoliberal climate, instrumental rationality is a central feature, i.e. little cognisance is taken of the human cost of policies.
Morris, A 2017, '"It was like leaving your family": Gentrification and the Impacts of Displacement on Public Housing Tenants in Inner-Sydney'', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 147-162.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In March 2014, the minister responsible announced that all of the approximately 600 public housing tenants of Millers Point and the Sirius Building in inner Sydney are to be moved and the properties sold. Millers Point is probably the oldest public housing area in Australia. The Sirius Building was purpose built for public housing tenants in the late 1970s. The article briefly examines the gentrifica- tion process in the Millers Point area. However, the main focus, drawing on six in-depth interviews with public hous- ing tenants who are still residents in the area and 13 who have moved, is an examination of the impact of the govern- ment's removal announcement and the actual displacement of residents. What this article illustrates is that the place attachment of most of the interviewees was profound and the removal announcement and the actual move were dev- astating. Interviewees spoke of deep sadness and anxiety at the thought of leaving what they considered a unique and genuine community. Residents who had moved told of their isolation and melancholy at having lost their local social network. The research shows that the human cost of policies and not revenue should always be the central consideration.
Many developed economies, especially in 'liberal welfare regimes', have experienced a substantial growth in private rental housing. Bound up with this dynamic is the rising incidence of long-term private renting (private renting for ten years or more). Regulation of the private rental sector in liberal welfare regimes is light and post the written agreement residents are subject to constant de jure insecurity. Drawing on a questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews (the primary focus), this article investigates the impacts of perpetual de jure housing insecurity on long-term private renters in diverse housing markets (low, medium and high-rent) in Sydney and Melbourne. The results indicate that de jure insecurity does not necessarily translate into de facto insecurity. Long-term private renters typically respond to perpetual de jure insecurity in one of three ways – incessant anxiety and fear; lack of concern; and concern offset by economic/social capital and traded off against locational preference.
Morris, A 2016, 'A Qualitative Examination of Jim Kemeny's Arguments on High Home Ownership, the Retirement Pension and the Dualist Rental System Focusing on Australia', Housing Theory and Society, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 484-505.View/Download from: Publisher's site
A key aspect of Jim Kemeny's argument is that in advanced economies that have high levels of home ownership, the age pension is only adequate if you have low accommodation costs. A related argument is that these societies will be dominated by what he calls a dualist rental market. In this rental market regulation is minimal and landlords hold sway. Kemeny's thesis, was given added support by Castles' (1998) more extensive comparative analysis. He concluded that his findings were 'extremely supportive' of Kemeny's conclusion. In this paper, I use in-depth interviews to test Kemeny's thesis. The circumstances of older homeowners and older private renters in Australia are compared. All of the interviewees were dependent solely or primarily on the government age pension. The interviews indicated that almost all of the older homeowners felt that the age pension was adequate. They were able to consume adequately, engage in leisure activities, run a car, go on holiday and they had little anxiety about their financial situation. This was especially so in the case of those interviewees drawing the couples pension. In contrast, most of the older private renters suffered from severe financial stress. Invariably they had to use a large proportion of their income to pay for accommodation, and as a result, they found it difficult to purchase basic items and any unexpected expense precipitated much anxiety. Their limited resources severely impacted on their capacity to sustain social contacts, engage in leisure activities and look after their health. In addition to having limited resources, many had minimal security of occupancy. The interviews strongly substantiated Kemeny's original thesis. They illustrated that within a dualist rental market the housing tenure and attendant accommodation costs of a person dependent on the government age pension are crucial determinants of their capacity to live a decent life.
Morris, A 2015, 'The residualisation of public housing and its impact on older tenants in inner-city Sydney, Australia', Journal of Sociology, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 154-169.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Since the early 1990s public housing in Australia has become increasingly residualised. The high demand and limited availability means that in order to be eligible potential tenants usually have to be in `greatest need. This article has three main sections. It first considers the processes which have led to the residualisation of public housing. Second, through the use of in-depth interviews the way older public housing tenants in inner-city neighbourhoods in Sydney portray the shifts in the social composition of tenants is explored. The third objective is to investigate the anti-social behaviour older tenants experience and its impact on their everyday lives and how they cope. Loïc Wacquants concept of advanced marginality is used to examine the residualisation of public housing. The impact of residualisation is assessed by exploring how it impacts on older residents concept of home and what is considered an age-friendly environment.
Hanckel, BJ & Morris, A 2014, 'Finding community and contesting heteronormativity: Queer young people's engagement in an Australian online community', Journal of Youth Studies, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 872-886.View/Download from: Publisher's site
This study examines how queer young people in Australia are engaging in an online community to address their marginalisation and oppression. Drawing on an analysis of online forums and in-depth interviews with 14 participants, we use Durkheims concept of egoism and the social model of disability to analyse the role and impact of the online community. The findings indicate that the community not only provides a sense of belonging for the participants and reduces their experiences of isolation, but also connects them to resources and networking opportunities that foster political participation. In this way, the online community operates as a space for young people to understand and potentially overcome their experiences of egoism and marginality. t helps them to reach the realisation that it is not them but the heteronormative `society that is the problem. In doing so, the online community provides young people with the emotional resources and social capital to do something to address their marginalisation.
Morris, A & Wilson, S 2014, 'Struggling on Unemployment Benefits (Newstart) in Australia: The experience of a neoliberal form of employment assistance', Economic & Labour Relations Review, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 202-221.View/Download from: Publisher's site
The low level of the Newstart (unemployment benefit) payment has become a major source of concern about Australia's willingness and ability to protect unemployed Australians from poverty. Despite this disquiet, there has been little scholarly examination of the implications of living on Newstart. In this article, through the use of a survey and in-depth interviews, we examine features of everyday life for Newstart recipients in the Sydney area, experiences that reveal the scarring potential of low benefits. The article illustrates that for a majority of interview participants, the most basic items were difficult to purchase and many of the interviewees were living in inadequate and even unsafe situations owing to an inability to afford satisfactory accommodation. For some, their lack of disposable income had severe health implications. Social isolation was a common phenomenon, and many of the interviewees found that the low payment made finding employment a lot more challenging.
Morris, A 2013, 'The trajectory towards marginality: How do older Australians find themselves dependent on the private rental market.?', Social Policy and Society, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 47-59.View/Download from: Publisher's site
For older Australians being dependent on the private rental market is usually associated with serious financial hardship and insecurity. The article examines the housing careers of older Australians who are dependent on the private rental market. After s
The decision in the early 1990s to cut back on the building of public housing intensified the already dire shortage of affordable housing and increased the marginalisation of the sector. To be eligible for public housing, new entrants usually have to be in `greatest need. This study argues that the shift in the eligibility criteria for accessing public housing means that public housing estates increasingly reflect what Loïc Wacquant calls `advanced urban marginality. The article assesses whether the features of advanced urban marginality that are identified by Wacquant capture and can be usefully used to analyse the shifts and contemporary characteristics of public housing. The article draws on existing data and in-depth interviews with 33 older (aged more than 65 years) public housing tenants in Sydney, Australia, to analyse the residualisation of public housing using the features of advanced marginality identified by Wacquant `wage labour as a vector of social instability and life insecurity, `functional disconnection from macroeconomic trends, `territorial fixation and stigmatisation, `spatial alienation and the dissolution of place, `loss of hinterland and `social fragmentation and symbolic splintering. The study concludes that although Wacquants analysis is useful and captures much of what has occurred in public housing estates in Sydney, in many instances, public housing remains a source of pride for its tenants and provides them with the basis for a good life.
This study explores the social worlds of older renters. Drawing on in-depth interviews and Sens capability approach it argues that accommodation costs, security of tenure and the neighbourhood play a pivotal role in shaping the capability of older rente
Morris, A, Michelle, J & Patulny, R 2012, 'Is social mixing of tenures a solution for public housing estates?', Evidence Base, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-15.
The article reviews 11 primary studies that examine the impact of social mix on public housing estates. In a growing number of countries policy-makers view social mix as the key mechanism to address the problems often associated with disadvantaged public
Patulny, R & Morris, A 2012, 'Questioning the Need for Social Mix: The Implications of Friendship Diversity amongst Australian Social Housing Tenants', Urban Studies, vol. 49, no. 15, pp. 3365-3384.View/Download from: Publisher's site
A common argument is that 'social mix'-or a high ratio of homeowners and private renters to social housing tenants within the same neighbourhood-reduces disadvantage by eroding homogeneous 'bonded' social networks amongst the latter. However, associations between network homogeneity and support in social housing have not been analysed using national survey data. This article examines age, ethnic and educational homogeneity/heterogeneity and informal support using the 2006 Australian General Social Survey. Counter to expectations, social housing tenants have more heterogeneous friendship groups by all measures, regardless of respondents' age, ethnicity or education. In addition, friendship heterogeneity is associated with more informal support in social housing, but less support in private housing. This raises concerns over the efficacy of 'socially mixing' already heterogeneous social housing communities and suggests that resistance to social mix is likely to stem from the attitudes of homeowners and private renters towards social tenants rather than the reverse.
Morris, A 2011, 'Older Renters in the Private Rental Market: Issues and Possible Solutions', Parity, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 17-18.
There is no doubt that older renters in the private rental market are an extremely vulnerable group. The research that has been done on this grouping suggests that many older private renters are having to use a considerable proportion of their income to pay for their accommodation and that this is having a dramatic impact on their quality of life (Morris, 2007; 2009). Unlike older public housing tenants who tend to be concentrated in different housing complexes or estates, older private renters are scattered and have very little visibility or scope for organisation. As a result, the desperate plight of older renters receives little coverage.
Chester, L & Morris, A 2011, 'A new form of energy poverty is the hallmark of liberalised electricity sectors', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 435-459.
The restructuring of electricity sectors has resulted in households paying significantly higher prices. Some European prices rose by more than 100 per cent between 2000 and 2010. NSW households experienced an 80 per cent increase during the period 2007 t
Morris, A 2010, 'The lack of a right to housing and its implications in Australia', Journal of Australian Political Economy, vol. 65, pp. 28-57.
The article examines challenges related to housing affordability and security of tenure in Australia. It is asserted that low-income households in the country continue to face problems with housing affordability and adequate tenure security despite Australia's advanced economy. The stress caused by the limited right to housing is said to have affected the physical and mental health and everyday life of the poor.
Davy, L, Bridge, C, Judd, B, flatau, P, Morris, A & Phibbs, P 2010, 'Age-specific housing for low to moderate-income older people', AHURI Positioning Paper Series, vol. 134, pp. 1-119.
This project assessed the current state of the age-specific housing market in Australia, its potential to grow (especially among low to moderate income older persons), and the financial and regulatory impediments to its expansion. - See more at: http://www.ahuri.edu.au/publications/projects/p70589#sthash.5dEKCG4l.dp…
Morris, A 2009, 'Contentment and suffering: The impact of Australia's housing policy and tenure on older australians', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 363-377.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Housing policy in Australia historically has focused on facilitating homeownership and creating some buffer for those households that are not homeowners. This paper explores the implications of this policy for older Australians. What is argued is that housing tenure has become a crucial divide and that older Australians who have not had the good fortune to access homeownership or public / community housing and who are dependent on the private rental sector as a result, often find themselves in desperate circumstances. The argument is developed that the failure to put in place a housing policy which would give all citizens the ability to access adequate and affordable housing, has led to a situation where a substantial and increasing number of older Australians have untenable housing costs and minimal disposal income. The article concludes that the present policy initiatives aimed at addressing the housing affordability crisis will have little impact on the situation of older people who are currently in housing stress.
Morris, A 2009, 'Contentment and Suffering: the impact of Australia's housing policy and tenure on older Australians', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 361-375.
Housing policy in Australia historically has focused on facilitating homeownership and creating some buffer for those households that are not homeowners. This paper explores the implications of sing policy in Australia historically has focused on facilitating homeownership and creating some buffer for those households that are not homeowners. This paper explores the implications of this policy for older Australians. What is argued is that housing tenure has become a crucial divide and that older Australians who have not had the good fortune to access homeownership or public / community housing and who are dependent on the private rental sector as a result, often find themselves in desperate circumstances. The argument is developed that the failure to put in place a housing policy which would give all citizens the ability to access adequate and affordable housing, has led to a situation where a substantial and increasing number of older Australians have untenable housing costs and minimal disposal income. The article concludes that the present policy initiatives aimed at addressing the housing affordability crisis will have little impact on the situation of older people who are currently in housing stress.
Morris, A 2009, 'Living on the Margins: Comparing Older Private Renters and Older Public Housing Tenants in Sydney, Australia', Housing Studies, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 693-707.View/Download from: Publisher's site
An increasing number of older Australians are dependent on the private rental market for their accommodation. Through the use of semi-structured in-depth interviews, the life circumstances of older renters (65 plus) in both public housing and private rented accommodation in Sydney are explored and compared. Using Amartya Sen's concepts of capabilities and functionings, the study illustrates that due mainly to lower accommodation costs and greater security of tenure, the public housing tenants interviewed had far greater capability to live a life they valued. In contrast, most interviewees in the private rental market were struggling financially and were extremely anxious about their security of tenure. Their capacity to control their present and their future was very limited.
Morris, A 2009, 'Urban justice and sustainability: comparing the situation of older renters in public housing with that of older renters in private rented accommodation in Sydney', Local Environment, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 417-430.
An ever-increasing number of older Australians are dependent on the private rental market for their accommodation. Through the use of in-depth interviews, the life circumstances of older renters in public housing are compared with those in private rented
Morris, A 2008, ''The government is the best landlord i've ever had': Older public housing tenants and social inclusion in inner sydney', Economic and Labour Relations Review, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 93-108.View/Download from: Publisher's site
In this qualitative study based on in-depth interviews with fifteen older public housing tenants in inner-city neighbourhoods in Sydney, the life circumstances of older public housing tenants are explored. A primary aim of the study was to interrogate the notion that public housing is a form of housing tenure that is no longer worth pursuing due to it being a harbinger of misery and social exclusion for its residents. The research suggests that this conclusion is, in many ways, mythology. For the older public housing tenants interviewed, being accommodated in this tenure form was viewed as a 'life-saver'. Despite the ever-increasing re- sidualisation of public housing, the provision of affordable, adequate and secure accommodation in convenient locations gave them the capacity to pursue a life that they valued.
Morris, A 2008, '`The government is the best landlord I`ve ever had`: Older public housing tenants and social inclusion in inner Sydney', Economic and Labour Relations Review, vol. 19, no. NA, pp. 93-108.
Study of 15 older public housing tenants in inner-city neighbourhoods in Sydney
Morris, A, Judd, B & Kavanagh, K 2008, 'The Older Homeless and Marginally Housed: The Forgotten Group?', Parity, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 97-114.
Morris, A 2007, 'On the edge: the financial situation of older renters in the private rental sector in Sydney', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 337-350.
Financial implications of renting for older renters in Sydney.
Morris, A & Bounds, M 2006, 'Second wave gentrification in inner-city Sydney', Cities: The International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 99-108.
There are few processes more central to the social and cultural transformation of the inner city in the past half century than gentrification. The social and economic changes that have engendered gentrification have transformed its character and meaning; it has become principally a strategy for redevelopment of brown field sites by the state and capital interests. Based on research in the formerly derelict harbour-front Sydney suburbs of Pyrmont and Ultimo, this paper shows how economic restructuring, state intervention, developers and cultural change have combined to totally transform the area. Drawing on [Wyly, E K and Hammel, D J (2001) Gentrification, Housing Policy, and the new context of Urban redevelopment, in Critical perspectives on Urban Redevelopment, 6 pp. 211276], we have termed this second wave gentrification.
Morris, A 2006, 'Living on the margins: the worlds of older private renters in Sydney', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 205-221.
Morris, A 2006, 'Pain and mythology: disability support pension recipients and work', Australian Review of Public Affairs, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 41-59.
The Australian Government recently reformed policy on disability and work to make people who are assessed as capable of working at least fifteen hours a week ineligible for the Disability Support Pension (DSP). This article reports on a study based on six focus groups with DSP recipients, illustrating that the new policy could have dire implications for the people subject to it. Focus group participants were sceptical about the possibility of finding employment and some expressed the belief that discrimination by potential employers against people with a disability was common. The perceptions and experiences of the participants suggest that to increase the employment of current recipients of the DSP would require a major shift towards policy informed by the social model of disability, and that the idea that current policies can increase workforce participation is in the realm of mythology.
Judd, B, Morris, A & Kavanagh, K 2005, 'From exclusion to inclusion: housing and support for older people who are homeless', Parity, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 58-59.
Morris, A, Judd, B & Kavanagh, K 2005, 'Marginality among plenty: Pathways into homelessness for older Australians', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 241-251.
In this paper, drawing on in-depth interviews, we illustrate that despite the significant overall increase in the wealth of older Australians over the last two decades, a sizeable proportion of older Australians (65 and over) are in a vulnerable accommodation situation and many face the possibility of finding themselves homeless This is especially so for those older Australians who are dependent on government for their income and are living in private rented accommodation. We show that the changing nature of the housing market means that often Our informants were not able to find affordable, adequate and secure accommodation. The death of a spouse, rent increases and eviction are common precipitators of a slide into a situation of imminent homelessness. The restructuring of the welfare state and the virtual freeze on the building of social housing means that older private renters who face eviction often have nowhere to turn. Besides not being able to rely on the market or government. many have minimal or no family and social networks.
Morris, A, Judd, B, Kavanagh, K & Naidoo, Y 2005, 'Older marginalised people: pathways into and out of a marginal housing situation', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 119-138.
Morris, A & Bounds, M 2005, 'High Rise Gentrification: The Redevelopment of Pyrmont Ultimo', Urban Design International, vol. 10, no. NA, pp. 179-188.
In Sydney, in the post-second world war period, a detached home in the suburbs was viewed as the most desirable form of urban living. Consequently, suburbia and home-ownership increased dramatically. In the same period, Pyrmont and Ultimo, two high-density adjacent inner-city neighbourhoods on the harbour, dominated by rented terrace housing, suffered a spectacular decline. Their working class residents fled the area in the face of industries relocating or closing down and suburbia being touted as a far more salubrious location and way of life. In the 1970s and 1980s, Pyrmont was regularly voted the least desired neighbourhood in the city. The 1990s saw a dramatic reversal in the area's fortunes. Urban spectacles and dozens of apartment blocks filled the abandoned lots and thousands of people now live and work in the area. In this paper, we analyse the determinants of the changing urban form of Pyrmont Ultimo. We argue that it can only be understood in the context of economic restructuring and deindustrialisation, the transformation of Australia's class structure, fundamental demographic changes and the shift in perceptions of what is considered desirable urban design and living. We also illustrate the fundamental role the state played in the area's rejuvenation.
Morris, A 2004, 'The right to adequate housing: the crisis in accommodating Australia`s ageing population', Civil Liberty, vol. 196, no. NA, pp. 6-8.
Morris, A 2004, 'Is this racism? Representations of South Africa in the Sydney Morning Herald since the inauguration of Thabo Mbeki as President', Australian Humanities Review, vol. 33, no. NA, pp. 1-13.
Race and Ethnic Relations
Morris, A 2004, 'A decade of Post-Apartheid: Is the City in South Africa being Remade?', Safundi, vol. 5, no. 1-2, pp. 1-14.
This paper argues that in many ways the South African city continues to reflect the apartheid spatial and socio-economic order. Most black South Africans, especially that section of the population that was categorized African during the apartheid era (about four in five South Africans), remain marginalized, while white South Africans, although increasingly differentiated, continue to dominate spatially and economically. There has certainly been progress in the areas of governance and infrastructural development, but this progress has been tempered by the strong affiliation of the post-apartheid government to a neo-liberal economic policy, low economic growth, pervasive poverty, high levels of unemployment, and the crisis engendered by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The article concludes that the possibility of the creation of a socially just city as defined by David Harvey (2003) is negligible.
Morris, A 2004, 'Globalisation and Human Rights', Human Rights Defender, vol. 13, no. NA, pp. 1-1.
Morris, A 2004, 'A decade of post-apartheid: Is the city in South Africa being remade?', Human Rights Defender, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 8-9.
Morris, A 2003, 'Review of `Transnationalism and New African Immigration to South Africa` edited by J. Crush and D. McDonald (South African Migration Project, 2002), in Journal of Southern African Studies, 29(2): pp 572-574', Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 29, no. NA, pp. 572-574.
Morris, A 2002, 'The Social Costs of Unemployment', The Economic and Labour Relations Review, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 207-225.
The last two decades have witnessed the unravelling of the Keynesian consensus and full employment that characterized the quarter century after World War II. Inequality and poverty have deepened and hundreds of thousands of Australians no longer have job security and are being intermittently or permanently shut out of the formal economy. This review article examines the social costs of unemployment focusing on 'The Price of Prosperity: The Economic and Social Costs of Unemployment' (TPOP) edited by Peter Saunders and Richard Taylor.
Lobo, RA 2001, 'The levonorgestrel intrauterine system - A new contraceptive concept with benefits beyond - The Proceedings of a Symposium held at the XVI FIGO World Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Introduction', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CONTRACEPTION AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE, vol. 6, pp. 9-9.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Morris, A & Bounds, M 2001, 'Economic Restructuring and Gentrification in the Inner City', Australian Planner, vol. 38, no. 3/4, pp. 128-132.
Morris, A 2001, 'Progress and Setbacks for Local Government: Democratic Practice and Redistribution in Johannesburg in the 1990s', Social Dynamics, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 86-108.
Morris, A 2000, 'HIV/AIDS in South Africa: A crisis relentlessly unfolds', Human Rights Defender, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 6-7.
Backyard accommodation is widespread in South African cities; a phenomenon that is rare in most other parts of the world. Such a `solution is an outcome of past and present policies and this article demonstrates that over the years there have been certain similarities in government policy between Chile and South Africa, the only other country with significant numbers of families living in backyard accommodation. However, Sowetan backyard dwellers are different from their contemporaries in Chile. Sowetans do not usually have family relationships with people in the main structure. They also live in significantly worse conditions, in terms both of the quality of the structure and the services available. The backyard dwellers are not likely to disappear quickly. As such, there is a vital need to develop some kind of response to improve their current living conditions. The government is correct to argue that it is seeking to help those in the backyards through its housing subsidy programme, but to presume that a subsidized home is going to be available to most backyard families in the next ten years is surely wishful thinking. As such, something should be done to improve living conditions in the backyard shacks and to do this it is important to know who is living there. The article provides the empirical information that will allow an appropriate policy to be defined.
Morris, A 2000, 'Review- Jonathan Crush (ed.): Beyond control: Immigration and human rights in a democratic South Africa', Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. NA, no. NA, pp. 165-166.
Morris, A 1999, 'Race relations and racism in a racially diverse inner city neighbourhood: A case study of Hillbrow, Johannesburg', Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 667-694.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Hillbrow, a high-rise, inner city suburb in Johannesburg was one of the first neighbour-hoods to become racially diverse in spite of the Group Areas Act of 1950. From the late 1970s, its whites-only policy started crumbling and by 1993 when the data for this study were collected, under 20 per cent of its population was white. The central questions that are addressed in this paper are: how did racial propinquity impact on race relations and interracial interaction in the neighbourhood in the early 1990s? Did it increase racism amongst residents or did it lead to its diminution? Related questions are: how were the respective racial categories and other 'races' constructed, and what traits were assigned to the various racial categories? In order to establish the extent to which an integrated, rather than a merely mixed neighbourhood emerged, this study explores the range and limits of interracial friendships and socializing. Data for the study were obtained mainly through a household survey and in-depth interviews with apartment-dwellers. The study found that racial propinquity had a mixed impact. Almost all respondents felt that racial barriers had declined, overt acts of racism were minimal, and there was evidence of signficant racial tolerance, interracial contact and mutual assistance. On the other hand, many of the residents in the face-to-face interview situation voiced racist sentiments. White residents were most likely to express racist views. Another significant finding was that racial clustering was a dominant trend. Most apartment blocks were occupied solely or mainly by one particular racial category. The neighbourhood was certainly racially diverse but not significantly integrated.
Morris, A 1999, 'Tenant-Landlord Relations, the Anti-Apartheid Struggle and Physical Decline in Hillbrow, An Inner-City Neighbourhood in Johannesburg', Urban Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 509-526.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Morris, A 1999, 'Race Relations and Racism in a Racially Diverse Inner-City Neighbourhood: a Case Study of Hillbrow, Johannesburg', Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 667-694.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Morris, A 1998, 'Continuity or rupture: The City, post-apartheid', Social Research, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 741-775.
Morris, A 1998, 'Fighting against the Tide: The White Right and the Desegregation of Johannesburgs Inner-City', African Studies, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 55-78.
Morris, A 1998, 'Our Fellow Africans Make our Lives Hell: The Lives of Congolese and Nigerians Living in Johannesburg', Ethnic And Racial Studies, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1116-1136.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Morris, A 1998, 'Continuity or rupture: The city, post-apartheid', Social Research, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 759-775.
Morris, A 1997, 'Physical Decline in an Inner-City Neighbourhood: A Case Study of Hillbrow, Johannesburg', Urban Forum, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 153-175.
MORRIS, A & HYSLOP, J 1991, 'EDUCATION IN SOUTH-AFRICA - THE PRESENT CRISIS AND THE PROBLEMS OF RECONSTRUCTION', SOCIAL JUSTICE-A JOURNAL OF CRIME CONFLICT AND WORLD ORDER, vol. 18, no. 1-2, pp. 259-270.
Ferrinho de, PLGM, Barron, PM, Buch, E, Gear, JSS, Morris, A, Orkin, FM, Bekker, S & Jeffrey, A 1991, 'Measuring environmental health status in Oukasie, 1987', South African Medical Journal, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 29-31.
This article reports on some aspects of the physical environment and on environmental health services at Oukasie. The data were collected over a weekend in August 1987 by an interview and by direct inspection of the environment using a standard schedule. We had a 100% response rate on the interviews. There was a mean of 2,2 ± 1,6 persons per room in the households, with brick houses being less crowded than non-brick houses. Private yards were generally kept very clean. Bucket latrines were unhygienic and used by an average of 4 families. No latrine was built to accepted standards. Garbage collection and emptying of the bucket latrines by the municipality seemed to be unsatisfactory. Our overall impression was that where responsibility for maintenance of hygiene is either undefined, such as the collection chambers of bucket latrines, or a responsibility of the public authorities, such as garbage collection and water drainage, there is an unsatisfactory state of hygiene. Where maintenance of cleanliness is clearly a private responsibility, such as the maintenance of the cleanliness of private yards, the general status of hygiene is good.
Morris, A, Barron, P, Ferrinho, P, Buch, E, Gear, J, Orkin, M, Becker, S & Jeffrey, A 1991, 'Community Health Survey of Oukasie, 1987', South African Medical Journal, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 32-34.
Ferrinho, P, Barron, P, Buch, E, Gear, J, Morris, A, Orkin, M, Becker, S & Jeffrey, A 1991, 'Measuring Environmental Health Status in Oukasie', South African Medical Journal, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 29-31.
Morris, A 1991, 'Racism and Space: The Endeavour to Remove Reagile Township', Urban Forum, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 45-62.
Hyslop, J & Morris, A 1991, 'South African Education: The Origins of the Crisis and the Problems of Reconstruction', Social Justice, vol. 18, no. 1-2, pp. 259-270.
Tan, SF, Morris, A & Grant, B, 'Mind the gap: Australian local government reform and councillors' understandings of their roles', Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance, pp. 19-39.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Over the last two decades a feature of local government reforms globally has been the introduction of New Public Management (NPM). Under this broad approach to public administration there is an expectation that councillors play a greater strategic role and move away from involvement in day-to-day management. This research, carried out in the state of Victoria, Australia, examines councillors' understandings of their roles. Based on 17 in-depth interviews and two focus groups, we found that despite the evolving legislative requirements framing councillors as policymakers not managers, most councillors continued to seek involvement in the day-to-day management of councils. We argue that this gap may be linked to the diversity of views concerning the role of the councillor and the idea of representation and how both play out at the local level. It may also signal a lack of awareness as to how the legislatively inscribed role for councillors has changed over time.
Morris, A 2019, 'Social housing' in Gu, D & Dupre, M (eds), Encyclopaedia of Gerontology and Population Aging, Springer.
Morris, A & Verdasco, A 2019, ''I really have thought this can't go on': loneliness looms for rising numbers of older private renters' in Watson, J (ed), The Conversation Yearbook 2019, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, pp. 153-160.
Morris, A 2018, 'The residualisation of social housing in Australia and its impacts on older tenants' in Ní Shé, E, Burton, LJ & Danaher, P (eds), Social capital and enterprise in the modern state, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK, pp. 45-61.View/Download from: Publisher's site
Morris, A 2017, 'Impact of the displacement on Sirius residents' in Dunn, J, Peake, B & Piscopo, A (eds), Sirius: The Book, Piper, Sydney, pp. 56-59.
Morris, A, Wilson, S & Soldatic, K 2015, 'Doing the 'hard yakka': implications of Australia's workfare policies for disabled people' in Grover, C & Piggott, L (eds), Disabled People, Work and Welfare: Is employment really the answer?, Policy Press, Bristol, pp. 43-68.
Morris, A 2012, 'Social Housing and Social Problems' in Smith, SJ, Elsinga, M, O'Mahony, LF, Eng, OS, Watcher, S & Hamnett, C (eds), International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home, Elsevier Ltd, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 395-400.
Morris, A 2012, 'Living on the margins: The capabilities of older renters in Sydney, Australia' in Panzironi, F & Gelber, K (eds), The Capability Approach: Development practice and public policy in the Asia-Pacific Region, Routledge, London, pp. 100-115.
Morris, A 2011, 'Housing Crisis and Housing Policy' in Argyrous, G & Stilwell, F (eds), Economics as a social science: Readings in political economy, Tilde University Press, Melbourne, pp. 306-311.
Morris, A 2010, 'Policies relating to homelessness and affordable housing in Australia' in Ann Nevile (ed), Human Rights and Social Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Values and Citizenship in OECD Countries, Edward Elgar, London, pp. 154-173.
Morris, A 2002, 'Johannesburg' in Ember, M & Ember, CR (eds), Encyclopedia of Urban Culture: Cities and Cultures Around the World, Grolier, US, pp. 430-437.
Morris, A 2011, 'Advanced urban marginality in Australia; The case of public housing', Heterodox economics: Ten years and growing stronger!, Society for Heterodox Economics, Society of Heterodox Economists, Sydney, pp. 205-215.
Since the 1990s public housing in Australia has become increasingly residualised. The limited availability means that in order to be eligible for public housing, new entrants usually have to have `complex and or `special needs. What is argued in this p
Bridge, C, Judd, B, Flatau, P, Morris, A & Phibbs, P 2011, 'Making Do: Housing quality and affordability in the low to moderate income age specific housing sector', State of Australian Cities National Conference, State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, Australian Sustainabile Cities and Regions Network (ASCRN), Melbourne, pp. 1-8.
Chester, L & Morris, A 2010, 'Energy poverty: An escalating outcome of 'liberalised' energy markets', Heterodox Economics: Addressing Perennial and New challenges, 2010 Ninth Australian Society of Heterodox Economists Conference, Society of Heterodox Economists, Sydney, pp. 46-62.
Abstract: The radical restructuring of energy markets has resulted in households paying significantly higher electricity prices. Growing numbers of low-income and vulnerable households are spending more than 10 per cent of disposable income to meet energ
Morris, A 2010, 'The social worlds of older public and private renters', TASA 2010 Proceedings, TASA 2010, TASA, Macquarie University ¿ Department of Sociology, pp. 1-12.
This paper explores the social worlds of older private and public renters in Sydney, Australia. Drawing on 56 in-depth interviews, it argues that the cost of accommodation and security of tenure played a pivotal role in shaping the social connections and leisure activity of the interviewees. It illustrates that in the case of the older renters interviewed who were dependent on the private rental market their minimal disposable income and constant anxiety around their tenure, meant that many could not afford to engage in leisure activities and did not have the desire or emotional capacity to do so. Many were isolated as a result. The older public housing interviewees, in contrast, because of their strong security of tenure, longevity of residence, low rents and the social composition of their accommodation had the desire, capacity and opportunity to engage in a range of pursuits and sustain strong social ties in the neighbourhood. The study suggests that providing affordable and secure housing can play a pivotal role in enhancing the capacity of older people to have strong social ties and engage in activities in and outside the neighbourhood.
Morris, A 2010, 'Victims of a Flawed Housing Policy: Older Private Renters Battling to Survive in Sydney', Refereed Procedings from 2009 Housing Researchers Conference, 4th Australasian Housing Researchers Conference, City Futures Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney, pp. 1-14.
This paper argues that housing policy in Australia over the last couple of decades has contributed towards a situation where an ever-increasing number of low-income older Australians who are not homeowners have to rely on the relatively expensive private rental market rather than on social or public housing for their accommodation. The key interrelated features of this policy trajectory have been a freeze on the building of public housing, restricting access to public housing to people with complex needs (in New South Wales, older people dependent on the age pension `may be approved for housing assistance as an elderly client only when they turn eighty), and an expectation that Commonwealth Rent Assistance will enable low-income households to access affordable and adequate accommodation in the private rental market. Although there have been shifts in housing policy since November 2007, the situation of older private renters remains dire. In the first section of the paper, the policy trajectory is outlined. The second part of the paper, drawing on 21 in-depth interviews with older private renters examines the hardship experienced by older private renters. Many of the interviewees were in serious financial and emotional stress due to them having to set aside a large proportion of their income for rent. Their minimal security of tenure was also a constant concern.
Morris, A 2013, 'Belonging and exclusion: a study of older residents in a manufactured home village in Sydney', Reimagining Sociology, TASA & SAANZ Joint Conference, TASA, The University of Melbourne, University of Melbourne, Victoria, pp. 1-13.
Decline of community and atteuation of social ties in contemporary urbanism
Morris, A 2008, 'Housing policy, past and present: Implications for older Australians', Contemporary Issues for Heterodox Economics, 7th Australian Society of Heterdox Economists Conference, Society of Heterodox Economists, UNSW, pp. 1-12.
Morris, A 2007, 'Are public housing tenants socially excluded? The case of older public housing tenants in Sydney', 6th Australian Society of Heterodox Economists Conference, 6th Australian Society of Heterodox Economists Conference, University of New South Wales, pp. 1-13.
How older tenants view public housing in Sydney
Morris, A 2007, 'Comparing the life circumstances of older public housing tenants to older private renters in inner-Sydney', TASA and SAANZ joint conference 2007, TASA / SAANZ Joint Conference, Sociological Association of Australia (TASA), University of Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 1-6.
Decline in building and affordability of public housing, impact on older Australians who depend on private rental market
A report on the situation of international students residing in the private rental sector.
Pugalis, L & Morris, A NSW Government, Centre for Economic and Regional Development 2018, Affordable Housing Position Paper, Orange, NSW.
Morris, A & Hanckel Institute for Public Policy and Governance 2017, The perceptions that homeless people and those at risk of homelessness have of literacy classes, no. Benjamin, pp. 1-19, Sydney.
Morris, A & Hanckel, B University of South Australia and Univeristy of Technology Sydney 2017, The City of Sydney 's Approach to the Supply of Affordable Housing, Adelaide and Sydney.
The study examines the endeavours by the City of Sydney to increase the supply of affordable housing
Morris, A Shelter NSW 2016, A Contemporary Forced Urban Removal: The Displacement of Public Housing Residents from Millers Point, Dawes Point And the Sirius Building by the New South Wales Government, no. Shelter Brief 58, pp. 1-34, Sydney.
The report provides a background to the Millers Point community and an account of the controversy surrounding the decision to relocate the public tenant community and to sell the properties. But mainly it focusses on the way that the decision and its implementation has been experienced by the residents – from the announcement, their views of the decision, the process of relocation, the reasons for either agreeing or refusing to go, and the experience of having left the community. It also maps out the pressure being experienced by residents who have thus far resisted the intense pressure to move.
The City of Sydney engaged UTS:IPPG to undertake explorative research into the wellbeing of international students in the City of Sydney Local Government Area (LGA). The central aim of this research is the investigation of how international students living and/or studying in the City area perceive their wellbeing and what does and does not contribute towards their wellbeing. A review of key literature identified the following key focus areas that contributed to the wellbeing of international students.
Beer, A, Morris, A & Paris, C Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government 2014, Housing and Local Government in Australia in the 21st Century.
This discussion paper canvases some of the key emerging issues in the relationship between housing and local government, and aims to start a conversation about which issues are important, where change is happening most rapidly and which topics require further thought, analysis, research and debate.
Seelig, T, Thompson, A, Burke, T, Penningar, S, Mcnelis, S & Morris, A Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute 2009, Understanding what motivates households to become and remain investors in the private rental market, AHURI Final Report, pp. 1-94, Collingwood, Melbourne.
What motivates people to become rental investors? What factors drive or shape their investment behaviour, and how are their experiences and intentions as rental investors linked? This paper reports on a qualitative study of rental investors in Australia,
Morris, A, Seelig, T & Burke, T Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute 2006, Motivations of investors in the private rental market, Positioning paper for Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (AHURI), pp. 1-51, Melbourne, Victoria.
This research involved 100 interviews with investors and real estate industry professionals that were conducted in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria in 2006-07. The key findings of the research are: Financial motivations for investing in rental property are important but not overriding considerations of 'mum and dad' investors. The primary financial concern is the capital gain rather than rental income, hence, negative gearing is, subjectively, of less importance. Property investment is regarded as a safe, stable, familiar, long-term investment. The range of other factors driving investment decisions include, proximity to their home, whether their children might one day live there, whether they might retire there, how well they know the area.
Judd, B, Kavanagh, D, Morris, A & Naidoo, Y Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute 2004, Housing options and independent living: sustainable outcomes for older people who are homeless - final report, pp. 1-79.
Morris, A 2020, ''I wouldn't want to buy even if I had the money.' The rise of renters by choice'.
Morris, A, Mitchell, E & Ramia, G 2020, 'Why coronavirus impacts are devastating for international students in private rental housing', The Conversation.
Morris, A & Andrea, VM 2019, ''I really have thought this can't go on': loneliness looms for rising numbers of older private renters', The Conversation.
People living in private rental housing were much more likely than social housing residents to say they felt lonely.
Morris, A 2019, ''People felt totally trapped': what it's like to be a pensioner renting privately as Australia's housing costs soar', The Conversation.
Morris, A 2018, 'Mission nearly impossible: The City of Sydney's efforts to increase the supply of affordable housing', The Conversation.
Exordium Apartments at Zetland, built by City West Housing, provide affordable, high-quality housing to key workers within the City of Sydney.
Morris, A & Davis, C 2018, 'Local councils put affordable housing supply in the too hard basket'.
Morris, A 2017, 'Sydney public housing evictions a policy success? Only if you ignore the high human cost', The Conversation.
Morris, A 2017, 'Last of the Millers Point and Sirius tenants hang on as the money now pours in', The Conversation.
Morris, A, Pawson, H & Hulse, K 2017, 'The insecurity of private renters – how do they manage it?', The Conversation.
Households are not competing on equal terms in the private rental market – their perceptions of insecurity vary according to their means, location and reasons for renting.
Morris, A 2016, 'Why moving out public housing tenants is a tragedy for Millers Point and for Sydney', The Conversation, pp. 1-2.
The article examines the impacts of the displacement of public housing tenants from Millers Point by the New South Wales government.
Morris, A 2016, 'Millers Point residents deserve more', Sydney Morning Herald.
An opinion piece examining the plight of public housing tenants in Millers Point facing eviction.
Morris, A 2016, 'Why secure and affordable housing is an increasing worry for age pensioners', The Conversation.
Morris, A 2016, 'Why moving out public housing tenants is a tragedy for Millers Point and for Sydney', The Conversation.
Morris, A 2016, 'Millers Point residents deserve more compassion', Sydney Morning Herald.
Morris, A 2016, 'A contemporary forced urban removal:The displacement of public housing residents from Millers Point, Dawes Point and the Sirius Building by the New South Wales Government', Shelter NSW.
Morris, A & Chester, L 2012, 'Housing stress and energy poverty – a deadly mix?', The Conversation.
Housing stress and energy poverty are compromising the health of low-income Australians.
Morris, A, Mitchell, E & Ramia, G, 'Why coronavirus impacts are devastating for international students private rental housing'.
ARC Discovery project - fellow investigators are Macquarie University and Sydney University.
ARC Linkage project - fellow investigator is at the University of South Australia.