Enterprise in WASH
Client: Australian Development Research Scheme Award (ADRAS) Grant
This research investigated the role of small-scale enterprises in sustainable WASH service delivery, with a focus on equitable outcomes for the poor. Conducted in partnership with civil society organisations and local research institutions in Indonesia, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu, Cambodia and Vietnam.
Studies included: systematic literature review; political economy analyses on private sector roles; sanitation value chain analyses; motivators and barriers for enterprises; water service outcomes for the poor; associations and business support mechanisms; women’s enterprise participation; and life cycle costs for rural water service delivery.
Rural water entrepreneurs: prevalence, predictors and prospects
This project investigates the role and impact of market-based approaches to rural water service delivery in Asia and Africa.
Based on fieldwork in Cambodia, Vanuatu and Sierra Leone, the research evaluates the prevalence, success factors, motivations and sustainability implications of rural water entrepreneurs.
This research applies critical mass theory to community waterpoint financial contributions in rural sub-Saharan Africa for the first time, to explain the initiation and spread of community behaviours. It also suggests that there is a tension between financial sustainability and universal access to water and sanitation, which requires further examination to ensure that rural water services are both sustainable and inclusive.
Research outputs and resources:
- Foster, T. et al. (2018), Risk factors associated with rural water supply failure: A 30-year retrospective study of handpumps on the south coast of Kenya, Science of the Total Environment 626 (2018) 156-164 (open access journal article)
- Foster, T. and Hope, R. (2017), Evaluating waterpoint sustainability and access implications of revenue collection approaches in rural Kenya, Water Resources Research, Volume 52, Issue 2, 1473-1490 (journal article)
- Foster, T. (2017), A critical mass analysis of community-based financing of water services in rural Kenya, Water Resources and Rural Development, Volume 10, 1-13