Governing the city in China: the territorial imperative
This project continues the Australia-China Project on the Administrative Divisions in collaboration with the Centre for Research on the Administrative Divisions in China.
- Professor Carolyn Cartier
Building on fieldwork and analysis previously conducted in the Yangzi River delta region, this research focuses on the process of changing the administrative divisions through territorial mergers, cross-regional comparisons between the coast, north, and west, and new research on town-level changes.
This project continues research on territorial urbanisation, the process of party-state governance of the administrative divisions to establish, expand, and develop cities. Three aspects of territorial urbanisation characterise Chongqing, a province-level city since 1997, with 38 county-level administrative divisions governing more than 600 towns: changing county-level cities to city districts; merging townships to form larger towns; and changing towns to jiedao 街道 to expand district centres. The process generates a new state-led city system.
In the process of urbanisation, small towns often languish. Yet instead of favouring large cities the city system in formation in Chongqing connects cities and towns, literally: chengzhenhua 城市化 means city-town-isation. The Tongliang District government supports sustainable urbanization of rural areas including construction of new spaces for periodic markets in town centres.
Research in local archives yields otherwise unobtainable official sources.
- Hu, D. and Cartier, C. 2020. ‘Suzhou and the City-region: Administrative Divisions and the Prefecture in History’, in Beibei Tang and Paul Cheung, eds., Suzhou in Transformation, Routledge, forthcoming.
C Cartier, 2020. ‘区/區 qu: area, region, zone’, China Made, 5 July.
C Cartier, 2020. ‘Among Greater Issues of the Day: Hong Kong in China, 2003–13’, Critical Inquiry 46, no. 3: 665–697.
- Cartier, C. 2019. ‘Exemplary Cities in China: The Capitalist Aesthetic and the Loss of Space’, Eurasian Geography and Economics 60, no. 4: 376–399.
- Carolyn, C. and Hu, C. 2018. ‘Building Relationships between Cities and Towns in China: The Emerging City System in Chongqing’, Regions, Issue 2. Online
- Cartier, C. 2018. ‘Zone Analog: The State-Market Problematic and Territorial Economies in China’, Critical Sociology 44, no. 3: 455–470.
- Cartier, C. 2018. 'Magic Cities, Future Dreams – Urban Contradictions' in J. Golley and L. Javin,eds., The China Story Yearbook: Prosperity, The ANU Press, 189-205.
- Gao, Y. 2018. ‘Dockless Bike, Regulated City’, in J. Golley and L. Javin, eds., The China Story Yearbook: Prosperity, The ANU Press, 204–5.
- Zhang Y. 2018. ‘Holes-in-the-Wall’ in J. Golley and L. Javin, eds., The China Story Yearbook: Prosperity, The ANU Press, 201–2.
- Martinez, M. H. and Cartier, C. 2017. ‘City as Province in China: The Territorial Urbanization of Chongqing’, Eurasian Geography and Economics 58, no. 2: 201–230.
Funded by the Australian Research Council Discovery Projects, DP170100871, in collaboration with the Center for Research on the Administrative Divisions in China, East China Normal University.