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Dr Suwin Sandu


Suwin Sandu joined UTS in 2010 as a lecturer in the School of Systems, Management and Leadership in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology. Prior to joining UTS, he worked at the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE) for four years, where he was responsible for undertaking economic research and policy analysis of issues relating to energy in both Australian and international markets. Key research projects that he had undertaken include: long-term projections of Australia's energy demand-supply and associated greenhouse gas emissions; analysis of the impact of energy policies in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Australia; analysis of economy-wide energy efficiency improvements; assessment of the international oil and gas markets and their implications for Australia; and economic assessment of Australian energy resources.

He received a PhD and Master degree in energy planning and policy from the University of Technology, Sydney (Australia), and an Engineering degree from Chiang Mai University (Thailand). His PhD thesis title was: Assessment of carbon tax as a policy option for reducing carbon-dioxide emissions in Australia.


International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE)

Image of Suwin Sandu
Lecturer, School of Systems, Management and Leadership
BE (CMU), MEStud (UTS), PhD (UTS)
Member, International Association of Energy Economics
+61 2 9514 2437

Research Interests

  • Energy modelling and policy analysis,
  • climate change policy research,
  • electricity industry reform - productivity issue,
  • energy resources assessment - economic aspect,
  • energy market analysis
Can supervise: Yes

Journal Articles

Chaivongvilan, S., Sharma, D. & Sandu, S. 2008, 'Energy Challenges for Thailand: An Overview', GMSARN International Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 53-60.
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Thailand is one of the most dynamic countries in South-east Asia. Energy has traditionally played a vital role in its economic growth. Currently, over 50% of the energy consumption in Thailand is imported. The energy demands are expected to increase by approximately 4.5% per year over the next decade. The future economic prosperity is, therefore, dependent on the provision of adequate energy. In order to ensure such provision, effective national energy policies would be needed. This is likely to be a challenging task. This paper examines if the current energy policies are adequate to meet this challenge. The examination reveals that the current policies are not adequate. This paper further recommends the need to develop a comprehensive framework that could be used to analyse the economy-wide impacts which could provide guidance for the development of appropriate energy policies.
Vaiyavuth, R., Sharma, D. & Sandu, S. 2008, 'The Relationship between Electricity and Gas Industries in Australia', International Energy Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-8.
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Electricity and gas industries are major industries in the Australian economy. Significant reforms were initiated in these industries in the early 1990s, with a core objective of improving their efficiencies through recourse to market competition. Further, these reforms were being undertaken separately for each industry, in total disregard of the relationship that may exist between these two industries. Several studies have alluded to the need for examining the nature of this relationship as it may provide useful insights for developing more meaningful reform program for each of these industries. This paper is an attempt in that direction. This relationship is examined both through qualitative (historical) and quantitative analyses. The qualitative analysis is supported by cross price elasticities of demand between electricity and gas, at the national and state levels. These elasticities are estimated using simultaneous demand functions for electricity and gas. While this paper focuses on Australia, its findings should be relevant for other countries that are in the process of reforming their electricity and gas industries.


Sandu, S., Jaques, L., Bradshaw, M., Carson, L., Budd, A., Huleatt, M., Hutchinson, D., Lambert, I., LePoidevin, S., McKay, A., Miezitis, Y., Sait, R., Zhu, R., Hughes, M., Ball, A., Cuevas-Cubria, C., Copeland, A., Hogan, L., Lampard, M., Maliyasena, A., New, R., Penney, K., Petchey, R., McCallum, R. & Warr, S. 2010, 'Australian Energy Resource Assessment', ABARE, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1-344.
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This national assessment of Australia's energy resources examines Australia's identified and potential energy resources ranging from fossil fuels and uranium to renewables. It reviews and assesses the factors likely to influence the use of Australia's energy resources to 2030 including the technologies being developed to extract energy more efficiently and cleanly from existing and new energy sources. Australia has an abundance and diversity of energy resources. Australia has more than one third of the world's known economic uranium resources, very large coal (black and brown) resources that underpin exports and low-cost domestic electricity production, and substantial conventional gas and coal seam gas resources. This globally significant resource base is capable of meeting both domestic and increased export demand for coal and gas, and uranium exports, over the next 20 years and beyond. There is good potential for further growth of the resource base through new discoveries. Identified resources of crude oil, condensate and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are more limited and Australia is increasingly reliant on imports for transport fuels.
Sandu, S. & Petchey, R. 2009, 'End use energy intensity in the Australian economy', ABARE, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1-56.
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This report analyses historical energy intensity trends and identifies key factors affecting the amount of energy consumed in all end use sectors of the Australian economy between 1989-90 and 2006-07
Sandu, S. & Syed, A. 2008, 'Trends in Energy Intensity in Australian Industry', ABARE, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1-36.
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The Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism commissioned ABARE to undertake a study investigating energy intensity trends in Australian industry. The analysis was conducted at the national level for different energy consuming industrial and services sectors over the period 1989- 90 to 2005-06. The analysis covers five major sectors of Australian industry including manufacturing, services, agriculture, mining and construction. For the manufacturing and services sectors, the analysis is also undertaken at the subsectoral level. The objective of this study is to distinguish between different factors affecting the amount of energy consumed. This is done by using a `factorisation+ technique, a method that decomposes a change in energy use over time into an activity effect, a structural effect and a real intensity effect.
Syed, A., Wilson, R., Sandu, S., Cuevas-Cubria, C. & Clarke, A. 2007, 'Australian energy: National and state projections to 2029-30', ABARE, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1-50.
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Medium to long term projections of Australia+s energy consumption, production and trade are presented in this report. These projections are made using ABARE+s E 4 cast model for the period between 2005-06 and 2029-30, and update those published in December 2006 (Cuevas-Cubria and Riwoe 2006). Since the 2006 energy projections, E 4 cast has been modi? ed to include an additional electricity generation technology, namely solar electricity. + ABARE+s practice in making these projections is to include only those policies that have been implemented at the date of publication. Policies that have been announced but not implemented have not been included in the projections. This means that the Australian Government+s policies to introduce an emissions trading scheme and increase the Mandatory Renewable Energy Target to 20 per cent of electricity supply by 2020 have not been included. Further, the projections do not include the impact of climate change on economic growth