Prior, J.H. & Gorman-Murray, A. 2014, 'Housing sex within the city: The placement of sex services beyond respectable domesticity?' in Maginn, P.J. & Steinmetz, C. (eds), (Sub)Urban Sexscapes: Geographies and regulation of the sex industry, Routledge.
Contributions in this edited volume examine the spatial and regulatory contours of the sex industry from a range of disciplinary perspectivesurban planning, urban geography, urban sociology, and, cultural and media studiesand ...
Prior, J.H. 2012, 'The manifestation of queer theology: The act of 'promulgating universal joy and expiating stigmatic guilt' through the (re)inscription of rituals, artefacts, devotional practices and place' in Cusack, C.M. & Norman, A. (eds), Handbook of New Religions and Cultural Production, Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 705-736.
Various forms of sexuality have, over the last few decades, been a key issue in Christian theological discussion. Homosexuality has been the focus of some of the most heated of these debates. It is a central issue, as one may perceive obvious injunctions against homosexual behaviour in both the Old and New Testaments, starting with Genesis 19:1-29 and carrying through to Corinthians 6:9-11 and beyond.
Prior, J.H. & Harfield, S. 2012, 'Health, well-being and vulnerable populations' in Smith, S.J., Elsinga, M., O'Mahony, L.F., Eng, O.S., Watcher, S. & Hamnett, C. (eds), International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home, Elsevier, London, UK, pp. 355-361.
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Human vulnerability is becoming an increasing focus within diverse fields of practice such as nursing and health, economics, sociology, planning, environmental science, and disaster management. It is a complex, multidimensional, and relative notion, and, as Chambers (1989) explains, can be broadly understood as the exposure of people to contingencies, risks, shocks, and stresses, and their concomitant defencelessness and/or inability to reduce, mitigate, and cope with such stressors relative to other members of a given society. Over recent decades understanding of human vulnerability has been greatly enhanced via a focus on the unequal distribution of adverse effects of shocks, stressors, and risks within particular social and economic groups, and thus on the recognition that certain population subgroups are afflicted disproportionately by such stresses.
Prior, J.H. 2012, 'Neighbourhood disadvantage' in Smith, S.J., Elsinga, M., O'Mahony, L.F., Eng, O.S., Watcher, S. & Hamnett, C. (eds), International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home, Elsevier, London, UK, pp. 43-49.
Since the mid-nineteenth century the concentration of disadvantaged households within some and not other urban and suburban neighbourhoods has been a key concern in most cities across the globe. During this period diverse phrases have been used to describe these disadvantaged neighbourhoods, ranging from more emotive terms such as slums, through to more theoretical and policy-oriented descriptors such as localised disadvantage, neighbourhood deprivation, neighbourhood disadvantage, and neighbourhood exclusion amongst others. During this time there have been periods when the focus on neighbourhood disadvantage has intensified as a result of significant shifts such as the rapid appearance of slums and ghettos as industrial cities emerged in the late nineteenth century and again more recently as cities transitioned again into postindustrial urban centres.
Prior, J.H. & Crofts, P. 2011, 'Queerying urban governance: the emergence of sex industry premises into the planned city' in Doan, P. (ed), Queerying Planning, Ashgate Publishing Ltd, New York, pp. 185-208.
This chapter analyzes the emergence of sex industry premises, in particular gay bathhouses, into formal land-use processes in Sydney, Australia in the late twentieth century. The chapter traces a shift in regulatory mechanisms in the last decades of the twentieth century away from explicitly moral and criminal discourses to planning policies to regulate and organize sex industry premises. This chapter details the regulatory transition of gay bathhouses from a catch-all category of disorderly premises that included other businesses such as brothels, to an official definition that differentiated bathhouses from other sex industry premises.
Crofts, P. & Prior, J.H. 2011, 'Oscillations in the regulation of the sex industry in New South Wales, Australia: Disorderly or pragmatic?' in Dalla, R.L., Baker, L.M., DeFrain, J. & Williamson, C. (eds), Global Perspectives on Prostitution and Sex Trafficking, Lexington Books, Plymouth, United Kingdom, pp. 257-275.
This book is part of a two-volume set that examines prostitution and sex trafficking on a global scale, with each chapter devoted to a particular country in one of seven geo-cultural areas of the world. The 18 chapters in this volume (Volume I) are devoted to examination of the commercial sex industry (CSI) in countries within Africa, Asia, Middle East, and Oceania, while the 16 chapters that comprise Volume II focus exclusively on Europe, Latin America, and North America. Volume II also includes a "global" section, which includes chapters that are globally relevant -- rather than those devoted to a particular country or geographic location. The contributors are comprised of international scholars representing a variety of fields and disciplines, with distinct and varied frames of reference and theoretical underpinnings with regard to the commercial sex industry.
Cusack, C.M. & Prior, J.H. 2010, 'Religion, sexuality and retribution: placing the other in Sydney' in Cusack, C. & Hartney, C. (eds), Religion and Retribution logc: Essays in Honour of Professor Garry W. Trompf, Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 347-368.
Australia is a notably majoritarian society, where the 'majority' is defined as white, heterosexual and Christian. At crucial periods in Australian history tensions involving minorities that did not conform to majoritarian expectations have flared up. The late nineteenth century was rife with racist and religionist tensions, particularly focused on the Chinese community, which influenced the Federation (1901) agenda for Australia: This agenda, enshrined in legislation such as the lmmigration Restriction Act (1901) and other Acts constituting the White Australia Policy,determined Australian immigration until the late 1960s. Sexual minorities, particularly gays and lesbians, have not generally posed the overt and public challenge to Australian values'that alien ethnic and religious groups have.However, there are important synergies between the two casesand the challenges they pose for mainstream Australia. What is central to majoritarian Australia is peripheral to them; what is normative is alien. Their communities gather in areas that are 'undesirable' or unwanted by the establishment, and their 'deviant' practices take place in mysterious, substantially hidden locations.
Prior, J.H. & Cusack, C.M. 2010, 'Ritual, liminality and transformation: secular spirituality in Sydney's gay bathhouses' in Hunt, S. (ed), New Religions and Spiritualities, Ashgate, Surrey, UK, pp. 271-281.
Ossher, M. & Prior, J.H. 2008, 'Self and Susceptibility to Ruination' in Meares, R. & Nolan, P. (eds), The Self in Conversation Vol VII, ANZAP Books, Sydney, pp. 139-151.
'Ruination', in its various forms - decay, destruction, devastation, dissolution - is a potent metaphor which permeates psychotherapeutic conversations. It is part of a lexicon that allows individuals to express their inner experience of' self-loss', that is, a loss of reflective awareness, vitality, the feeling bf warmrh and intimacy, boundedness, agency and spatiality amongst other positive attributes. Whilst we all fear 'ruination' of self, some individuals, particularly those subject to traumatic intrusion, have a greater susceptibility to ruination. Such susceptibility limits the individual's ability to experience an ongoing and fuller sense of self. In extreme cases, it contributes to an ever-narrowing sense of self that may lead to a feeling of complete dissolution. Through a case study, we discuss how therapeutic conversation can help individuals to overcome their susceptibility to ruination, a process that is often complicated by mechanisms such as avoidance or accommodation. Whilst these mechanisms reduce their susceptibility to ruination, they impede the individual's ability to relate with others including the therapist.
Prior, J.H. 2007, 'Baths, Public: West, Middle Ages - Present' in Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender, Macmillan Reference USA, Farmington Hills, Mississippi, pp. 119-121.
Ossher, M. & Prior, J.H. 2007, 'Expanding the spaces of the self' in Meares, R. & Nolan, P. (eds), The Self in Conversation Volume VI, ANZAP Books, Sydney, pp. 57-67.
Prior, J.H., Lederwasch, A.J. & Plant, R. 2011, 'From liability to value: Analysis of land remediation decision-making processes in two Australian cities', Proceedings of the Fifth State of Australian Cities National Conference 2011, Australian Cities and Regions Network (ACRN), Melbourne, pp. 1-12.
Searle, G.H., Boydell, S., Crofts, P., Hubbard, P. & Prior, J.H. 2011, 'The local impacts of sex industry premises: Imagination, reality and implications for planning', Proceedings of the World Planning Schools Congress 2011, Global Planning Education Association Network (GPEAN), University of Western Australia, Perth.
This paper uses survey data to investigate the community impacts of relatively liberal planning regulation of sex industry premises that has been instituted in Sydney. In this, it explores the contested relationship between community attitudes to sex premises, planning controls over such premises, and real world impacts arising from the application of these controls. The paper first looks at how the range of planning impacts from sex industry premises that were perceived in the past have framed the construction of present planning controls to regulate the sex industry in two Sydney local government areas (one inner and one middle). Survey perceptions of a sample of current residents and commercial firms located close to sex industry premises about possible impacts, as well as perceptions of sex premises in general, are described. The scope of impacts and perceptions measured draws on a range of research from legal studies, property and planning studies, and sociology. The findings are set against the operative planning controls and the assumptions and desired outcomes inherent in them in order to evaluate the appropriateness of the controls. The paper concludes with suggestions for amendments to controls that more closely reflect community perceptions of actual sex industry impacts rather than perceptions of assumed impacts, and reflections on the nature of the intersection of community attitudes to sex premises, planning controls, and the ensuing level and type of actual community impacts.
Prior, J.H. & Harfield, S. 2010, 'Urban purity and danger: the turbulence associated with contamination in suburban Australia', Green Fields, Brown Fields, New Fields: Proceedings of the 10th Australasian Urban History, Planning History Conference (CD-ROM)., Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, University of Melbourne, Australia, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-15.
The rapid growth of Australian cities throughout the 19th and 20th centuries saw the emergence of a long-running tension between processes of urbanisation and industrialisation. Urbanisation is characterised by an increase in the number of people who chose to call the city their home. In this case, simultaneous industrialisation provided new residents with much-needed employment whilst locating noxious and polluting industries on their doorstep. This paper presents findings from an Australian research project that investigates how residential communities experience and perceive industrial contamination that modern urban planning has so vehemently sought to protect them from. It presents evidence on how such contamination can disrupt, challenge or completely invert the way in which residents approach their neighbourhood and home. This research addresses a gap in the literature, analysing the topic within the Australian context. This paper presents findings from a random telephone survey conducted with 400 suburban residents in the North Lake Macquarie area of New South Wales (NSW), living in proximity of industry, including a lead and zinc smelter. This research expands on the existing literature of Edelstein and others, to explore the psychosocial turbulence that emerges when the lifescape of suburban neighbourhoods in the Australia are contaminated by the toxicity of industries in this case the smelter has contaminated both the industrial land itself and the surrounding suburbs. Lifescape can be broadly defined to describe the individual habits and collective behaviour and assumptions that make up everyday life in local areas. Psychosocial turbulence extends from potential effects on peoples patterns of living, activities and relationships, through to their sense of health, security and safety, and their feeling of personal control.
Harfield, S. & Prior, J.H. 2010, 'A bright new suburbia? G.J. Dusseldorp and the development of the Kingsdene Estate', Green Fields, Brown Fields, New Fields: Proceedings of the 10th Australasian Urban History, Planning History Conference (CD-ROM)., Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, University of Melbourne, Australia, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-13.
While the ongoing development of suburbia in Australia has undoubtebdly seen many key moments, few have been as radical and iconic as that represented by the design and marketing of the Kingsdene Estate in Carlingford, NSW. Initiated by the Lend Lease Corporation under the impetus of founder and managing diretor G.J. Dusseldorp in 1960, and included in the RAIA 20th Century Register of Significant Buildings in September 2006, the Kingsdene Estate marks an important innovation in the history of speculative suburban development from three particular perspectives. Firstly, and responding to the considerable migration rates of the late `50s and early60s, and to the increased demand for home ownership at this time, Dusseldorps intention, though still aimed at the consumer `off-the-peg market, was to go beyond the `standard spec-built house of the period to produce repeatable model houses of superior quality. To this end he employed as his designers a group of young and forward-thinking architects whose work here effectively launched the `project home into the commercial market. Secondly, and from a planning and sub-division perspective, Dusseldorps strategy was based on a strict commitment to rational and testable criteria for the efficient use of land. Finally, and from a marketing perspective, the Kingsdene Estate adopted a campaign that has rarely, if ever, been equalled. Undertaken as a joint venture between the Lend Lease Corporation and Australian Consolidated Press Holdings Pty Ltd (ACP), the developers drew heavily on the resources of The Australian Womens Weekly, The Daily Telegraph and TCN Channel Nine to offer blanket publicity for the venture. Drawing on a range of contemporary newspaper and magazine sources, and on unpublished interviews with key protagonists conducted by Mr Geoff Ferris-Smith in the early `90s, the paper explores the unique combination of these three key strategies in the making of a major Sydney suburban subdivision.
Prior, J.H. & Boydell, S. 2010, 'Understanding property rights in carbon: a methodological inquiry', CIB W113 Papers on Law and Dispute Resolution in Property, Construction and the Built Environment, CIB Working Commission on Law and Dispute Resolution in Property, Construction and Built Env (W113), Paris, France, pp. 45-61.
Climate change threatens to have wide-ranging impacts on the sustainability of ecosystems and presents enormous challenges for conventional modes of socioeconomic governance. Against this backdrop, there have been a range of responses to put a price on carbon such as the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and New Zealand ETS, and the unsuccessful Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill 2009 in Australia. These ETS models do not clearly articulate the underlying asset, the carbon property right, upon which the price of commoditised carbon is secured. As a result of such initiatives, a clear understanding of what comprised a property right in carbon is emerging as a foundation component in the arsenal of mechanisms that are being brought together to mitigate and adapt to climate change at the international level.
Prior, J.H., Partridge, E.Y., Plant, R. & Ison, N. 2009, 'Community experiences, perceptions of and attitudes to contaminated land and its remediation: an analysis of metropolitan and local newspapers in Australia'.
Boydell, S., Sheehan, J.B., Prior, J.H. & Hendy, S. 2009, 'Beyond the bundle: expanding our understanding of contemporary property rights', Pacific Rim Real Estate Society 15th Annual Conference, PRRES, Sydney, Australia, pp. 1-19.
Giurco, D., Prior, J.H. & Boydell, S. 2009, 'Future Latrobe Valley scenarios for a carbon-constrained world: industrial ecology, environmental impacts and property rights', SSEE 2009 International Conference Website, Society for Sustainability and Environmental Engineering (SSEE), Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-13.
The Latrobe Valley has substantial brown coal deposits which are currently mined for use in coal-fired power stations which supply 85% of Victorias electricity. This paper considers the role that industrial ecology could play in underpinning the future structure (2050-2100) of the Latrobe valley industry base in a carbon-constrained world. Potential future scenarios for industry clusters were developed around three themes: bio-industries and renewables (no coal usage); electricity from coal with carbon capture and storage (low to high coal use options exist within this scenario); coal to products (e.g. hydrogen, ammonia, diesel, methanol, plastics, char with medium to high overall coal use relative to current levels). This research uses life cycle thinking to characterise the potential water, greenhouse gas and property rights impacts across life cycle stages.
Boydell, S., Sheehan, J.B., Prior, J.H. & Hendy, S. 2009, 'Carbon property rights, cities and climate change', Fifth Urban Research Symposium: Papers and Presentations Website, Urban Research Symposium, World Bank, France, pp. 1-16.
In a time of climate change, cities are challenged by the twin demands of reduced carbon emissions and the provision of a potable water supply. Meanwhile our governance and legal frameworks are inadequately prepared for the emergent trade in carbon property rights and water property rights. Such instances are compounded when legal frameworks from developed economies are applied to developing nations, particularly those with a reliance on customary structures. The key contribution to the body of literature is our highlighting of inappropriate reliance on legal precedent to explain emergent rights (which sees them wrongly described in a climate changed world) and the evolution of a coherent model of the constellation of carbon property relations and interests.
Boydell, S., Crofts, P., Prior, J.H., Jakubowicz, A.H. & Searle, G.H. 2009, 'Sex in the city: regulations, rights and responsibilities in Sydney', State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, Promaco Conventions Pty Ltd and DiskBank, Perth, Australia, pp. 1-24.
The state regulates sex industry types in accordance with a range of complex, overlapping and often conflicting legal, policing, planning and administrative mechanisms. The sex industry in Sydney is currently regulated through all levels of Australian government. New South Wales (NSW) is seen as leading the charge within Australia for its neoliberal market model of occupational and premises regulation. Taking a transdisciplinary research design, this paper identifies positive steps towards citizenship and the sex industry in inner Sydney.
Prior, J.H. & Partridge, E.Y. 2009, 'Experiencing the toxic city: effects of contamination and its remediation on individuals and communities in urban Australia', State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, Promaco Conventions Pty Ltd and DiskBank, Western Australia, pp. 1-16.
There is little research available on individual and community experiences of environmental contamination in Australian urban areas. However, international research suggests that the health impacts for individuals and communities living near contaminated sites are significant and complex and extend beyond the risk of immediate physical harm to impact on the psychological health of both individuals and communities. This paper presents the findings of one component a resident survey of a mixed method social research project that seeks to address this research gap. A random telephone survey was conducted in early 2009 with 400 residents living in proximity to the Botany Industrial Park (BIP) and Southlands contaminated sites in the southern suburbs of Sydney. The paper presents the findings from two of the themes that the survey investigates, namely the impact of the contamination on the `lifescape of residents living near the site, and the sense of stigma associated with contamination and whether this might be transformed by the remediation process. We suggest that a better understanding of community experiences and responses can inform the future management and remediation of contaminated lands. We hope that improvements in these processes can contribute to the alleviation of potentially negative impacts on peoples health and wellbeing.
Prior, J.H. & Harfield, S. 2009, 'Towards a philosophy of social planning: cities and social planning', State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, Promaco Conventions Pty Ltd and DiskBank, Western Australia, pp. 1-22.
Given the conspicuous and wide-ranging effects emanating from planning, this paper takes as its starting point the proposition that all planning, not least that directed at Australian cities, must address and resolve the issue of legitimacy in terms of what justifies its decisionmaking and intervention(s). Specifically focusing on the discipline of social planning, with its complex relationships with that segment of the real world that we call `social reality or `social practice, the paper argues that such planning must justify its legitimacy not only in terms of its actions and consequences, but, more significantly, on the basis of a substantive and critical examination of the values, knowledge, politics and ideologies that have underpinned its emergence throughout the 20th century and that currently inform and drive it.
Prior, J.H., Partridge, E.Y. & Plant, R. 2009, 'Community perceptions of contaminated land and associated remediation processes', 3rd International Contaminated Site Remediation Conference: Program and Proceedings, Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 62-63.
Prior, J.H. & Partridge, E.Y. 2009, 'Practitioners' views on the past, present and future of social planning in Australia', State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, Promaco Conventions, Perth, Australia, pp. 1-18.
This paper explores shifts and internal perceptions of social planning practice in Australia against the background of the professions past, present and future. With the majority of people in Australia living in urban areas, most social planning occurs and is implemented in Australias cities. For this reason and also because it has a great deal of interdependence with the field of urban planning the present and future of social planning practice has a critical role to play in the future of Australian cities.
Prior, J.H. 2008, 'Violence against sex workers, urban planning and designing out vulnerability'.
Harfield, S. & Prior, J.H. 2008, 'Imagining Suburbia as the Roots of Sea-Change and Tree-Change: A Study of Sydney and Melbourne Media', Proceedings: 9th Australasian Urban History / Planning History Conference, CD-ROM / University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, pp. 1-11.
Prior, J.H. & Harfield, S. 2008, 'A vexed terrain: exploring assumptions and preconceptions around planning education in universities', Conference Proceedings, ANZAPS Conference 2008, Australian and New Zealand Association of Planning Schools, Sydney, Australia, pp. 35-45.
In the course of its ongoing development, planning in Australia, as elsewhere in the world, has undergone an increasing ;process of professionalisation. Like medicine, law, engineering or accounting it has its own formal qualifications, based upon education and examinations, and its own regulatory bodies with powers to admit and discipline members. The paper begins by exploring a growing awareness of the notion of 'diverse communities', both in terms of the communities that the planning professionals serve, and the way in which the planning profession itself is increasingly being made up of diverse communities of planning specialists. Drawing, along with a range of other documentary sources, on a series of inquiries conducted over the last decade and inquiring into planning education and employment (NSW Department of Planning 2006; Planning Institute of Australia 2004; Ourran et al. 2008), the paper explores some of the key debates andlor tensions which have emerged repeatedly within these documents concerning the type of education that planning programs within universities are expected, assumed or perceived to play in the provision of planning education to the growing diversity of specialist communities of interest that make up the Australian planning profession (Ourran et al. 2008 p4).
Prior, J.H. 2008, 'Sex workers health and safety: safety outcomes'.
Prior, J.H. & Boydell, S. 2008, 'The nocturnal landscape of property rights: 'Sex in the City'', The 4Rs Conference: Rights, Reconciliation, Respect, Responsibility: Planning a socially inclusive future for Australia, UTS, Sydney, Sydney, pp. 1-21.
Citizenship is normally framed in abstract terms with seemingly little or no relevance to the sexuality of the citizen. In the past decade a growing body of literature has begun to argue that when it comes to the matter of exercising citizenship rights sexuality becomes of key relevance. Within this emerging literature particular attention has been drawn to the way in which the rights of particular sexualities "homosexuality, sex work, sex outside of marriage" have changed significantly over recent decades. This panel session explores the mosaic of rights that have emerged in recent decades within the NSW context associated with sex work and sex industry premises such as brothels and parlours; for example citizens are now able to legally engage in street based sex work within designated areas across the State. Drawing on a series of recent studies the panel explores and discusses particular aspects of this emerging mosaic of rights "the right to safety, the right to use the spaces of the city" and the responsibilities that authorities, amongst others, have in maintaining them.
Prior, J.H., Holden, J. & Miles, A. 2008, 'Violence against sex workers and designing out vulnerability', The 4Rs Conference: Rights, Reconciliation, Respect, Responsibility: Planning a socially inclusive future for Australia, UTS, Sydney, Sydney, pp. 72-72.
Prior, J.H. & Blessi, G.T. 2008, 'Measuring wellbeing in a (sub)urban future built around urban cultural centres', Art, Culture and Public Sphere: Expressive and Instrumental Values in Economic and Sociological Perspectives (CD-ROM), IUAV University of Venice, Venice, Italy, pp. 1-20.
Prior, J.H. 2008, 'Creating 'sustainable' communities: new directions for community development within Australia's master planned communities', Community Development and Ecology: engaging ecological sustainability through community development conference proceedings, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 330-352.
The word 'community' resonates throughout our lives. Community embraces a quaiity of life that seems universally valued. Whilst none of us seem to agree on its definition, we all have a sense of when it is absent or present. In recent decades there has been a growing sense that much of the development - emerging urban sprawl - on the fringes of Austraiian cities does not adequately support or encourage the deveiopment of community. This mounting concern for community, combined with the rise of sustainability - environmental, economic and sociai - as a core component in urban development, has led to the emergence of an increasing number of master planned communities that seek to offer new residents 'sustainable' communities, (vibrant' communities, 'liveable' communities and so on. Whilst some of these offers are iittle more than enticing marketing campaigns, others are based on genuine attempts to encourage the growth and emergence of 'sustainable' communities.
Prior, J.H. 2007, 'Redressing neighbourhood disadvantage: towards a sustainable partnership model driven by local government', State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, SOAC, Adelaide, pp. 1-12.
The concentration of disadvantage in specific neighbourhoods is a widespread characteristic of many Australian cities. To redress these concentrations of disadvantage a broad range of policies and programs have been designed and implemented. It has become apparent that more integrative forms of governance involving all levels of government, the private sector and community are required to address localized disadvantage which support a bottom up approach rather than the traditional top down approach. Within the Australian context, in particular the NSW context, local governments have been identified amongst the most effective drivers for these integrative governance approaches. In driving these initiatives local governments are faced with the task of balancing their traditional role of local government with the provision of a framework for more integrative forms of governance. Utilizing a case study of the Penrith Neighbourhood Renewal Program local action planning process, this paper explores the recent attempts by Penrith City Council to develop a framework to redress neighbourhood disadvantage, firstly by developing an integrative governance framework for the program and secondly by transforming the Councils operational structure.
Prior, J.H. 2007, 'Queer Spaces: Centres and Peripheries - Conference Proceedings', Queer Spaces: Centres and Peripheries - Conference Proceedings, UTS, Sydney, Sydney, pp. 1-17.
Conference abstract published
Prior, J.H. 2007, 'Amongst the ruins: a study of urban decay and sexuality', Queer Spaces: Centres and Peripheries - Conference Proceedings, UTS, Sydney, Sydney, pp. 1-5.
Prior, J.H. 2007, 'Innovations and transformations in urban governance: an analysis of local action planning initiatives with Penrith City and the City of Sydney', State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, SOAC, Adelaide, pp. 1-11.
We live in a time of considerable change which has placed new demands on local governments and raised a number of questions about the ability of these institutions along with other levels of government to address and resolve the problems that arise within contemporary communities. Traditional local governments are being questioned about the ability of their existing expert-driven and fragmented planning processes to resolve the problems that arise within contemporary communities. This has triggered the emergence of local government planning processes aimed at supporting more integrative and inclusive forms of planning that engage public, community and private sector players. This paper provides insight into these emerging planning processes through an investigation of the development of local action planning processes within the City of Sydney and Penrith City which enable a broader range of players to participate in determining how objectives within the councils strategic plans are realised on the ground. Drawing on these case studies the paper provides insight into the problems and possibilities that local governments face in their attempts to support the development of more integrative and inclusive forms of planning within contemporary Australian cities.
Prior, J.H. 2006, 'Sexuality, governance and urban space: the sexual restructuring of Sydney', Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand (SAHANZ) Annual Conference, Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand, Perth, Western Australia, pp. 447-452.
The aim of this brief paper is to develop an awareness of the role that sexuality plays in spatial development of our cities as contested terrains, through an investigation of the emerging dynamic relations be!ween homosexual. gay and queer culture, and urban space within Sydney in the 20lhand early 21 ,I century, which has seen these evolving cultures move from the peripheries of Sydney's urban space - beyond the pale of acceptability - to playing a key role within the formation of particular environs of the city and its international identity. This investigation is carried out through an analysis of the way in which ideas, beliefs, images, and anxieties about these sexual cultures have been conscripted into processes of governance that shape the urban environment. The paper will be of interest to queer studies, architecture, urban studies, sociology, geography and planning.
Prior, J. & Crofts, P. 2015, 'Is Your House a Brothel? Prostitution Policy, Provision of Sex Services from Home, and the Maintenance of Respectable Domesticity', Social Policy and Society, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 125-134.
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Policy debates on commercial sex services provide increasingly complex insights into work on the street and in large commercial sex premises, yet remain largely silent on the contribution of the domestic realm to commercial sex, despite estimates that it accounts for a significant proportion of all commercial sex transactions. Policies that affect home-based sex work are ambiguous and at times contradictory, veering from the promotion of working from home to anxieties about the assumed offensiveness of sex work. These policies have been often developed without direct consideration of home-based sex work and in the absence of evidence. Remedying this silence, this article analyses policy development for, and the experiences of, home-based sex workers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. The article concludes that working from home provides sex workers with opportunities for autonomy and wellbeing that are not available in other sex service environments, with minimal amenity impacts to the community.
This paper examines the potential for property rights in carbon to affect industrial ecology opportunities. Given that emissions trading schemes for greenhouse gases are becoming more widely implemented, the definition of the carbon property right can affect barriers and opportunities for industrial ecology, alongside other factors. The paper uses legislation for emissions trading in Australia and two possible scenarios for the future of energy generation in the Latrobe Valley, Australia in 2050 as an illustrative case study to identify issues for industrial ecology arising from ill-defined carbon property rights. Currently, electricity generation in the region is reliant on coal-based generators. Scenario one focuses on bio-industries and renewables with no coal usage; and scenario two focuses on electricity from coal with carbon capture and storage resulting in moderate to high coal use. If a carbon property right for soil carbon emerges before a property right for subterranean carbon, then bio-based industrial ecology opportunities could be enabled ahead of a regional symbiosis involving carbon capture and storage. A generalised framework for considering the intersection of industrial ecology and carbon property rights is presented with a focus on tensions in: contributing to sustainable development, system boundaries and finally exchange mechanisms.
Prior, J.H., Partridge, E. & Plant, R. 2014, ''We get the most information from the sources we trust least': residents' perceptions of risk communication on industrial contamination', Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 346-358.
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Orr, K., Bayl-Smith, M. & Prior, J.H. 2013, 'Funding the Future of Architecture: Harnessing the Architect's Potential for Expanded Agency within Contemporary Design and Development Practices', Architecture Bulletin, vol. Summer, pp. 14-14.
Recent NSW Architects Registration Board pilot linkage grants are assisting in funding three new research studies being undertaken by teams at the University of Technology, Sydney and the University of Newcastle.
Hubbard, P., Boydell, S., Crofts, P., Prior, J. & Searle, G. 2013, 'Noxious neighbours? Interrogating the impacts of sex premises in residential areas', ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING A, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 126-141.
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Prior, J.H., Hubbard, P. & Birch, P. 2013, 'Sex worker victimization, modes of working, and location in New South Wales, Australia: A geography of victimization', Journal of Sex Research, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 574-586.
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This article examines the association among victimization, modes of sex working, and the locations used by sex workers through an analysis of "Ugly Mug" reports detailing 528 crime acts in 333 reported incidents in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. These forms, voluntarily lodged between 2000 and 2008 by members of NSW's estimated 10,000 sex worker population, suggest that street-based work has a higher victimization rate than other modes of working, including escort work, work in commercial premises, and private work. Although this ostensibly supports the commonly held view that "outdoor" working is more dangerous than "indoor" work, this analysis suggests that most instances of victimization actually occur in private spaces. Hence, it is argued that risks of victimization in sex work are influenced by a variety of environmental characteristics relating to concealment, control, and isolation, suggesting that not all off-street locations are equally safe. We conclude with recommendations for policy regarding sex work
Crofts, P., Hubbard, P. & Prior, J. 2013, 'Policing, planning and sex: Governing bodies, spatially', AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 51-69.
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Hubbard, P. & Prior, J.H. 2013, 'Out Of Sight, Out Of Mind? Prostitution Policy And The Health, Well-being And Safety Of Home-based Sex Workers', Critical Social Policy, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 140-159.
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Policy discussions relating to the selling of sex have tended to fixate on two spaces of sex work: the street and the brothel. Such preoccupation has arguably eclipsed discussion of the working environment where most sex is sold, namely, the private home. Redressing this omission, this paper discusses the public health and safety implications of policies that fail to regulate or assist the `hidden population of sex workers, focusing on the experiences of home-based workers in Sydney, Australia. Considering the inconsistent way that Home Occupation Sex Services Premises (HOSSPs) are regulated in this city, this paper discusses the implications of selling sex beyond the gaze of the state and the law. It is concluded that working from home can allow sex workers to exercise considerable autonomy over their working practices, but that the safety of such premises must be carefully considered in the development of prostitution policy
Prior, J., Crofts, P. & Hubbard, P. 2013, 'Planning, Law, and Sexuality: Hiding Immorality in Plain View', GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 354-363.
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Bartel, R., Graham, N.G., Jackson, S., Prior, J.H., Robinson, D.F., Sherval, M. & Williams, S. 2013, 'Legal geography: An Australian perspective', Geographical Research, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 339-353.
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Law is a powerful influence on people and place. Law both creates and is created by the relationship between people and place, although it rarely acknowledges this. Law frequently operates as if space does not matter. Law and legal processes, therefore, deserve greater attention from geographers. Legal geography is an emerging field of inquiry that facilitates much-needed attention to the interrelationships among the environment, people and social institutions, including formal laws but also informal rules, norms and lore. Legal geographers seek to make the invisible visible: to bring the law into the frame of geography, and space and place into focus for the law. Both critical and applied in approach, legal geography offers descriptive, analytical and normative insight into economics, justice, property, power, geopolitics, governance and scale. As such it can enrich most areas of geographic inquiry as well as contribute to current policy debates about the regulation of space and place. Legal geography is a way for enlarged appreciations of relationality, materiality, multiscalarity and agency to be used to interrogate and reform the law. This introduction to a special `themed paper section of Geographical Research provides a window on legal geography scholarship, including its history, contribution and ambition. The papers in the collection explore issues grounded in the legal geographies paradigm, variously analysing matters empirically detailed while engaging in broader, theoretical debates and using both Australian and international case studies.
Crofts, P. & Prior, J. 2012, 'Home Occupation or Brothel? Selling Sex from Home in New South Wales', URBAN POLICY AND RESEARCH, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 127-143.
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Prior, J.H., Boydell, S. & Hubbard, P. 2012, 'Nocturnal rights to the city: Property, propriety and sex premises in Inner Sydney', Urban Studies, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 1837-1852.
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Questions of property rights are central to the organisation of urban space yet remain weakly theorised in the context of sexuality. Tracing battles over spaces of commercial sex in inner Sydney, this paper argues that particular claims to privacy and property underpin exclusionary actions restricting the boundaries of sexual citizenship. However, the paper also notes the potential for the emergence of `sexual commons where claims to an enhanced notion of sexual citizenship can be made. The paper concludes that property rights consist of overlapping and complex claims to space in which questions of sexuality and the sanctity of family life are often brought to the fore. In arguing this, the paper demonstrates that property rights constitute a key mechanism in the management and regulation of the (nocturnal) city.
Crofts, P., Maher, J., Pickering, S. & Prior, J.H. 2012, 'Ambivalent Regulation: The Sexual Services Industries in NSW and Victoria - Sex Work as Work, or as Special Category?', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 393-412.
Despite continuing contests in Australian states over the validity of sex work as work, Victoria and New South Wales (NSW) have been part of a global trend for states to decriminalise and/or legalise the sex industry. This article argues that although Victoria and NSW are united by their ambivalence toward the legal validity of sex work as work for women, this ambivalence is expressed and organised in different ways in each state, with consequent differences in regulatory schemas, practices of enforcement and outcomes for workers and communities. In particular, this article focuses on the regulation of sex services premises as a key indicator of how the sex industry is regarded and embedded within broader business, social and regulatory contexts. The article examines some specific regulations that affect women's status as sex workers in each state. It concludes by arguing that the failure to fully recognise sex work as work impacts most sharply on the safety and inclusion of workers: those whom the legislative schemas of both states purportedly seek to protect
Prior, J.H. & Cusack, C.M. 2012, 'Identity and ruins: Personal integration and urban disintegration understood through a touristic lens', Literature and Aesthetics, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 156-170.
In the 1970s, scholars of the (natural and built) environment tended to explore the deep connections between personal identity and the landscape, defined as "the arrangement in physical space of artefacts and activity," with reference to relatively stable and traditional phenomena such as family, religion, and social structures. While it was acknowledged that humans engage in relational processes with their environment(s) and that individual and social identity can alter as a result of changes in the physical setting in which it was acted out, the normative dimensions of human interactions with spaces and the consensus meanings associated with what James S. Duncan, Jr called "very public landscapes" received disproportionate attention. This contrasted sharply with the radical approach adopted by scholars of tourism in the very same decade
Crofts, P. & Prior, J.H. 2012, 'Intersections of Planning and Morality in the Regulation and Regard of Brothels in New South Wales', Flinders Law Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 329-357.
This article explores two questions through original primary research. First, can brothels be good neighbours in planning terms? That is, what kind of amenity impacts, if any, do sex services premises have upon the people living nearby? Second, do the different approaches adopted by two councils in New South Wales, Australia, matter in terms of amenity impacts, but also in attitudes to sex services premises? It is argued that brothels appear to generate minimal or neutral amenity impacts regardless of the regulatory approach adopted by council. However, the legal approach adopted by the different councils has contributed to the organisation and expression of the moral attitudes of local residents to sex services premises.
Prior, J.H. & Tavano Blessi, G. 2012, 'Social capital, local communities and culture-led urban regeneration processes: the Sydney Olympic Park experience', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 78-96.
Culture has become increasingly important in regeneration processes designed to deal with urban futures. Urban regeneration processes in which culture has played a prominent role range from large-scale public investments in cultural facilities and artefacts as `hallmarks of urban regeneration projects (e.g. Guggenheim Bilbao), through to the use of `one shot cultural events such as the Olympic Games as a catalyst and engine for regenerating urban areas. The aim of this paper is to examine the association between social capital (SC), local communities and the culture-led regeneration process at Sydney Olympic Park (SOP), New South Wales, Australia. The catalyst for the transformation of an industrial wasteland into SOP was the awarding of the Olympics to Sydney in 1993. A convenience sample of 47 professional reports associated with the regeneration process at SOP between 1993 and 2010 were analyzed, the aim being to understand how local communities had been linked to the regeneration process through SC. Results from the analysis identified three principal associations between SC, local communities and the ongoing SOP regeneration process. The first association related to how, during the early years of the regeneration process, SC was used as a means of expressing concern about how governance mechanisms implemented at SOP might adversely impact the ability of local communities to engage in decision making that affected their local environment.
Prior, J. & Crofts, P. 2012, 'Effects of sex premises on neighbourhoods: Residents, local planning and the geographies of a controversial land use', NEW ZEALAND GEOGRAPHER, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 130-140.
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Prior, J.H. & Cusack, C.M. 2010, 'Spiritual dimensions of self-transformation in Sydney's gay bathhouses', Journal of Homosexuality, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 71-97.
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Interview-based research among patrons and proprietors of Sydney's gay bathhouses, asking about experiences of homosexual being from the 1960s to the early 1980s generated intriguing findings. Despite the apparent disconnect between traditional religious affiliation and the outlaw gay lifestyle of the bathhouses, a majority of interviewees asserted that spirituality and self-transformation was as important to them as sexual exploration and liberation from societal restraints (both as motivations for and outcomes of the bathhouse experience). Some of those interviewed adhered to mainstream religion (including Christianity and Judaism), but a significant number expressed a commitment to eclectic, personalized spiritual paths. Interestingly, both groups described the bathhouses as churches and temples, the activities that took place there as both collective and individual rituals, and attributed their spiritual growth and development to their experiences in the bathhouses.
Prior, J.H. & Herriman, J. 2010, 'The emergence of community strategic planning in New South Wales, Australia: influences, challenges and opportunities', Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance, vol. 7, no. November 2010, pp. 1-33.
This paper investigates the emergence of community strategic planning in the New South Wales (NSW) local government sector, against the backdrop of a series of broad influences ranging from increased interest in participatory democracy through to sustainable infrastructure provision. It provides an understanding of how community strategic planning has evolved over the past few decades to embody these influences. The paper concludes with reflections on some common challenges and opportunities experienced by local councils in NSW that have undertaken voluntary community strategic planning or are in the process of developing community strategic plans. Given underlying similarities in the emergence of participatory long-term strategic planning in local government around the world, many of the experiences associated with the preparation of community strategic plans in the NSW context are likely to be of relevance to those undertaking similar processes in other jurisdictions
Prior, J.H. 2009, 'Experiences beyond the threshold: Sydney's gay bathhouses', Australian Cultural History, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 61-77.
The gay bathhouse played a central role in the battle for gay liberation in Sydney during the latter part of the twentieth century. Utilising fifty in-depth interviews, as well as extensive archival research, this article provides an insight into how the evolving public domain of Sydney's gay bathhouses fostered the experiences of gay men and contributed to the development of a vibrant, validated homosexual culture within the city. The dynamic nature of these spaces allowed gay men an unprecedented opportunity to develop, experience and express, individual and collective sexual identities and practices.
This commentary offers a background to the carbon challenge, carbon offsets, and emissions trading from an Australian perspective. It sets the scene for a more detailed discussion about carbon sequestration rights, which are defined explicitly by some Australian states and territories but not by others. We highlight that the term carbon sequestration right is poorly defined and relies, inappropriately we suggest, on the borrowed term profit prendre. This terminology is at odds with the notion of a carbon property right, which has yet to be conceptualized fully by the marketplace and the existing legal framework, given the need to fully engage the sociological and ecological dimensions of carbon and climate change. We find that current policy intent, together with evolving public will and corporate responsibility, is ahead of the science and the legal framework for managing property rights in carbon (used broadly to represent the six greenhouse gasses). The Australian Property Institute has taken the lead in its 2007 policy paper Conceiving Property Rights in Carbon and more recently in Sheehan and Kanas's investigation of "Property Rights in Soil." This article takes the discussion to the next stage by offering a framework for property rights in carbon and asking whether such rights should be vested in the state or the nation, rather than merely creating a commodity that can be efficiently allocated and thus speculated upon.
Prior, J.H. 2008, 'Planning for Sex in the City: urban governance, planning and the placement of sex industry premises in inner Sydney', Australian Geographer, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 339-352.
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Much recent scholarship on sexuality and urban spaces has focused on forms of urban governance. Within this literature an emerging body of work has begun to highlight how formal urban planning processes and regulations are increasingly used as mechanisms to govern sexuality within later 20th century Western cities, particularly through the placement of sex industry premises. This paper contributes to this literature through a case study of the emergence of gay bathhouses in land-use planning process within inner Sydney during this period. It highlights how the placement of these businesses within Sydney depends on a broad range of shifting and competing discourses on how sex industry premises impact upon the amenity of the city, its neighbourhoods and land usesthat is, their secondary impacts, cumulative effects, and contribution to urban ordering. On one hand, planning processes reveal ideas about how these establishments contaminate and pollute neighbourhoods and sensitive land uses such as schools or churches. On the other, there are also emerging arguments that sex industry premises such as gay bathhouses can improve the health and lifestyle opportunities for specific communities and residents within particular city environs. I argue that these latter positive discourses have guided the placement of gay bathhouses within the planning of Sydney over the last few decades.
Prior, J.H. & Cusack, C.M. 2008, 'Ritual, liminality and transformation: secular spirituality in Sydney's gay bathhouses', Australian Geographer, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 271-281.
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In the twentieth century religion was radically transformed, as the sacred uncoupled from the institutional Churches. This enabled the sacred to be experienced through what were previously 'secular' activities, including sport, rock music, psychoanalysis and sexuality. Individualism and prosperity combined to encourage a focus on personal transformation as the primary religious process. The 1960s also saw calls for self-determination and equality for previously oppressed groupswomen, blacks and gays. This paper uses the model of secular ritual and Victor Turner's concept of liminality to investigate the role that the gay bathhouses had in enabling gay men to experience the sacred and to transform themselves. This paper is grounded in empirical research on Sydney's gay bathhouses that sheds light on rites of passage, the role of pleasure and its relationship to religious ecstasy, and the development of a specifically gay askesis (way of becoming). It is also argued that the gay bathhouse is a crucial transformative space for all those men who were its initiates.
Prior, J.H. 2008, 'Community hubs: thinking strategically about the future role of community organisations and social services in urban centres', New Planner, vol. June 2008, pp. 16-18.
Prior, J.H. 2008, 'The role of local government in redressing neighbourhood disadvantage: a case study from Penrith City Council', Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-22.
The concentration of disadvantage in specific neighbourhoods is a widespread characteristic of many Australian cities. A broad range of policies and programs which utilize integrated forms of governance have been designed and implemented to redress this. Within the state of New South Wales, Australia, local governments have been identified as being amongst the most effective drivers for these integrated governance approaches. Utilizing a case study of the Penrith Neighbourhood Renewal Program, this paper explores recent attempts by Penrith City Council to develop a framework to redress neighbourhood disadvantage, firstly by establishing an integrated governance framework for the program, and secondly by transforming the councils operational structure.